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THE ARGUS, MONDAY, DECEMBER 80, 1907.
! Jeff Davissf Arkansas!!
I - " " ' -; -
ONE OF THE ORIGINAL TRUST BUSTERS, WHO HATES
THE VERY SMELL
Senator From the Bear State,
Maiden Speech Before the Senate, Delights In Being
One of the Common People Political Genius
Who Adapts Himself to His Environ
mentUser of Novel Cam
t A A A A A A A A A A A A A j A A A it it i A A it, A ttt at
By ROBERTUS LOVE.
JEFF IAVIS lias made Lis maiden
spi'ffh lu the United States sen
ate, liis full name is Jefferson
Davis, but he never signs it that
way. When he was governor of Ar
kansas, his olliekil letterhead bore the
words "Jefferson Iavis, CJoveruor,"
but the signature at the bottom of
each letter was plain Jeff Davis. In
Arkansas there Is magic in that name.
In the United States senate of course
there's a difference. Though Senator
Davis smashed to smithereens that
ancient custom that a new senator
shall sit still for the first year, to be
seen and not heard, he failed signally
in his purpose to carry that august
body with him. There are seventy-five
counties in Arkansas, but the United
States senate in not one of them.
Jeff Davis always carries everything
In Arkansas.- There are two reasons
for this. One Is localise he Is Jeff Da
vis, and the other is because it U Ar
kansas. In order to understand Jeff
Davis and his political success you
must first understand Arkansas. "Un
doubtedly Mr. Davis leggiug Arkan
sas pardon for calling him mister is
the most successful American politi
cian now alive. Iet him carry the
Ialru. It is his. I.et him wave it aloft
and fan with it this great nation from
Florida to Maine, from Sau Diego to
How did he win the palm? Well,
that's the story.
Thrice a Governor.
Jeff Davis has been In office in Ar
kansas since 1S02. lie has not known
defeat. First he was prosecuting at-
SENATOR JEFF DAVIS DRIVIXO HOME AN ARGUMENT.
torney for his district. Then he was !
attorney general for the state. Then
for three successive terms he was gov
ernor. Then two weeks after his re-
tirement the legislature elected him to
the national senate.
Eight years ago the present writer
bad occasion to attend a conference of
governors and attorney generals in St.
Louis. A tall, large, round faced young
man In a gray suit came over and en
gaged In conversation. In substance
"My name's Jeff Davis. I'm attor
ney general of Arkansas. I'm going
' to run for governor of Arkansas, and
I'm going to be elected. Then I'm go
ing to. run for. United States senator
from Arkansas, and I'm going to be
elected. That's my programme."
This somewhat remarkable pro
gramme was announced in a modest,
unbragging, but quite confident tone
.The young man in the gray suit ho"
carried out his programme, .with two
extra elections- to the governorship
thrown ln. He Is now forty-five.
In 1900 Jeff Davis first stumped his
etate as a gubernatorial candidate be
fore the Democratic primaries. He
.carried seventy-four counties. One 1b
not expected to remember who carried
the other county. To stump the-state,
according to tho Davis interpretation,
means something." It means making a
speech In every election precluct in
the state. It Is asserted upon rella
b!e authority that, Jeff Davis has done
. that. He lcg:in his stumping ten years
'. Vgo. when , he run , for attorney gen
eral, and has kept It up every election
"Klnce. " Now he knows everybody and
everybody's wife and children by their
front nuiues. .
Who Flayed Trusts In
r A A A A iti itt Ja A St A Sm A
Arkansas is a wonderful state. Parts
of her are marvelously rich In min
erals, other parts in apples and other
parts in cotton. Then there are other
parts not rich in anything save ma
terial for backwoods studies. There
are a dozen counties without railroads.
These are iu the Ozark mountain re
gion, and the residents are sometimes
culled "red necks" and "hill billies."
Jeff Davis himself calls them by those
terms affectionately. His warm af
fection for the hill billies is one of his
chief political assets.
Arkansas has several thriving little
cities, but no great centers of popula
tion. The state is essentially rural.
While some of the most intelligent and
cultured people in the nation are resi
dents of the state. It must be admitted
that there are many sections of Ar
kansas where primitive conditions pre
vail. A considerable majority of the
vote is rural. The country always car
ries the state, no matter how the cities
vote. Jeff Davis always carries the
country districts, though usually the
cities vote against him.
In one of his campaigns for the Dem
ocratic nomination for governor Jeffs
opponent was Colonel E. W. Rector of
Hot Springs. Rector is a man of some
wealth, a courtly, dignified citizen.
who makes a point of dressing well
The two candidates toured the back
woods district together. They spoke
from the same platform. Davis, point
ing to Colonel Rector, would say:
"This high collared rooster running
against nie is a dude. He wears red
silk stockings. I saw him put 'em on
at the hotel this morning."
And while the hill billies glanced at
the red stockings of Colonel Rector
as the candidate sat on the platform
Jeff Davis would reach down, pull up
one leg of his trousers, yank a cockle
bur from the thick white yarn sock,
homemade, which be wore for the oc
eaalon, and proceed to express his Joy
because he was one Of the common
people. When Mr. Davis was elec
tioneering In the country he Invariably
referred to the city people as "those
high collared roosters." He always
wears a' low collar, with a string tie,
such as the backwoodsmen wear when
they have on their Sunday clothes.
high collar on his neck would cost him
any county In which he might speak.
Rode an Ancient Mule.
During his first campaign Davis
went into a back county In that
part of Arkansas where, according, to
a facetious phrase, "they don't know
the war is over." There was no rail
road to carry him, but be might have
hired a modern livery rig. , Being po
litically wise, he did otherwise.- , He
found an ancient mule, bad it branded
"C. S. A." and rode this apparent sur
vlvor of the civil . war through that
county. . , ' ' ,".
In other counties, where the ox team
is etill in use, the candidate procured
a yoke of . spotted oxen and ; drove
around, making speeches and shaking
hands. It is related that at one coun
ty seat In this mountain region into
which he drove the ox team he found
a the hotel a letter from Mrs Davis,
who was at tfce executive mansion to
Little Rock. The governor was read
lng his wife's letter when a -moun
taineer acquaintance dropped In.
"How'a all your folks, Jim?".
Tair to middlin. How'a your'nf ,
"All well but my wife," replies tbfl
governor of Arkansas. "She's been out
In the back yard matin soap, anl
she's all tuckered out." '-Jt
Of course Mrs. Davis does notuiak
soap. She buys store soap. But to
soft soap story makes votes, and Gov
ernor Davis knew that It would win
him Jim's vote and the votes of all
those to whom Jim would tell .the sto
ry about the governor's wife making
Boft soap just as they did.
On his speechmaking tours Jeff Da
vis was wont to proclaim loudly that
he belonged to the "one gallused De
mocracy." He has been known to Jerk
off bis coat in the heat of debate and
display a single suspender extending
diagonally across his . manly chest.
Methods That Won Votes.
Frequently in hot weather the can
didate would jerk his collar loose and
fling it to the floor as he arose. to
frenzied heights of exhortative ora
tory. In the backwoods of Arkansas
tle preacher and the politician supply
the only public speaking or entertain
ment to be had.. Jeff Davis grew up in
a farming district. His father was a
country preacher and farmer. Jeff
learned early the methods of the ex
uorters. His oratory still smacks some
what of the camp meeting style. That
style -vastly pleases his good friends.
the hill billies. It is to them a con
vincing style. It gets their votes.
In the few cities and big towns
there was always much opposition to
Davis. Practically all the newspapers
strongly opposed him. The candidate
usually referred to the newspaper men
as "these squirrel neauea eauors. in
the rural districts the description
"squirrel beaded" always made a hit.
With the press, the churches and the
progressive element of the state for
the most part against him, Jeff Davis
always wins in Arkansas. Why? Be
cause he is a political genius, able to
adapt himself to his environment. He
knows his constituency. During his
governorship the Second Baptist
church in Little Rock expelled him
from fellowship because of charges
brought against him. This would have
crushed an ordinary candidate beyond
recovery. Davis made political capital
out of it. ' ,
'Those high collared roosters in the
Little Rock church," he told his rural
constituents, "turned me out for po
litical reasons," but my little church at
RusBellvllle, where I was raised and
where I was a member for twenty
years, sent for me and welcomed me the city are against him. Rural Ar
back to membership." ' j kansas says Jeff Is a man of the peo-
During his second term as governor
an attempt was made to impeach him
for alleged misconduct In office. The
Impeachment failed. It was the first
time any attempt had been made to
Impeach an Arkansas governor. No
other governor- had held office for more
than two terms. Because of this at
tempt at Impeachment Jeff Davis bold
ly announced his candidacy for a third
"I know It is undemocratic," he said,
"but I want vindication." .
On the vindication platform he was
triumphantly re-elected. He used the
plea of persecution with his rural con
stituents to fine effect.
A Startling Act.
One of the sensational acts of Gov
ernor Davis was to pardon a negro
prisoner from the state penitentiary on
the condition that he emigrate at once
to Massachusetts. Upon a recent trip
to the old Bay State he bad heard com
plaints that the south mistreated ne
groes, be said, and he wanted Massa
chusetts to have such negroes as Ar
kansas didn't want. Once the gov
ernor entered the penitentiary and
sampled the food served to the In
mates, lie threatened immediately to
open the doors and let every prisoner
out unless better fowl was provided
Improved food was provided at once.
A sample of the Jeff Davis brand of
campaigu argument is supplied by a
little ' incident that occurred when
Judge Carroll D. Wood of Hot Springs
was his opponent for the governorship.
Judge Wood had reversed- a lower
court's decision awarding $40,000 to a
child named Esther Waren, whose
hands had been cut off by a railroad
train. ' On the platform where the can
didates were In joint debate Governor
Davis turned to his opponent and cried:
"Oh, Judge Wood, I pray that when
you get to the. better laud little Esther
Waren will have been supplied with
hands and that you will not hear her
screaming: "Where are my hands,
mamma? Where are my hands?'
Judge Wood, this case ought to burn
your conscience and soul at night. It
ought to haunt you in your sleep. I!
ought to visit you in your djxams,
of the arms and legs are tubes
' like a piece of gas pipe. The.
hollow centre is filled with
soft red fatty material called
marrow. This is the place '
where new red blood is made.
feeds bone marrow. The rich
fat and the peculiar power in
SCOTTS EMULSION gives new
: vigor and new nourishment
Tha1 is why pale people improve -.
on SCOTTS EMULSION. It has
the power to produce new red
blood. : V..',
AD Drunk 80. mU fUOO. v
this little 'cBUiT- -streaming' fbr ita
bands." . -- I
r In Arkansas Senator Davis is known I
as one of the original trust busters.
This may account for the fact that
he Introduced an antitrust bill as soon
as be reached the senate and delivered
his ' first speech In support of that
measure. Through his efforts both the
old --senators from Arkansas are now
In private, life. v First he retired Sen
ator James K: -Jones, who as chairman
of the Democraticfiutional committee
managed the. two Brytfu campaigns.
He charged Senator Jouepwlth own
lug stock t iu a trust, niadta" state
stumping campaign and caused .the
election of ex-Governor Clarke to the;
-Senator James H. Berry, the man
whom Davis defeated in his own be
half, was in the enate twenty-two
years. He succeeded Augustus H.
Garland, who became attorney general
In Cleveland's first cabinet. Senator
Berry lost one of his legs at the battle
of Corinth -when Jeff Davis was but
three months old. He was a Confed
erate officer, a southern gentleman of
the old school. ' Through the efforts of
Governor Davis the state Democracy
adopted the rule -that United States
senators should be nominated by the
people. Davis and Berry were the
candidates at the primaries. Iu the
speechifying campaigu Davis made a
point of telling his rural constituents
that Berry had voted in the senate
against a certain bill which, according
to the Davis argument, was In their In
terests. He would hold up a copy of
the - Congressional Rpcord aud say,
pointing to a spot on the ojK'n sheet:
"And here is Bdrry's name right at
the top of the list the very first man
to vote against this bill."
The mountaineers of course were
uuaware that senators vote alpha
betically. Candidate Davis did not en
lighten them. Why spoil a good point?
Why, indeed? That little explanation
of parliamentary procedure might have
cost him five counties.
The Streets Are Against Him.
Arkansas is divided as to its esti
mate of Jeff Davis. The division Is
strictly along rural aud urban lines.
The woods and the hills and most of
jthe swamps are for film, while the
streets are against him. The little
schoolhouse at the foot of the moun
tain, where the circuit rider preaches
the first Sunday in the month and the
"protracted meetin' " Is held every fall
after corn is laid by. Is for Davis Jeff
Davis. Hurrah for Jeff! ' The high
MnUvvnl 1.1. I. .. ... I I . 1
I mruwi li tLii i lie uruumtruiui wimiuns
and the church with stained glass in
ple,."one of us," a friend of the farm-
jer aml the worker. Urban Arkansas
(says Jeff is all. sorts of things that
wouldn't sound well as applied to a
member of the august senate.
Mr. Davis is very young in the sen
ate. Let us rememler that Abraham
Lincoln used to le called a baboon by
a large contingent; of the American
! people when he first came into uatioual
life. - There are -Those In " Arkansas,
and,' for that matter, in other states,
who, describe the new senator as "a
political curiosity." 'On the other band.
there are those who aver that he will
develop." Well, many things are lia
ble to happen to a man In the" senate.
That is a sort of fiuishlng school." But
whatever happens .to Jeff Davis of Ar
kansaw (pronounce It saw, for that's
official) it is a mighty safe gamble that
he will never eat fodder out of the
hands of John D. Rockefeller, for, as
he declared In the senate the other day,
he bates the tery smell of petroleum.
LIFE MADE EASY.
Just Eat Peanut and Drink Lemonade,
Says Illinois Doctor.
Dr. T. J. Allen of Aurora, 111., r3
cently finished a fowl test extending
over sixty days, during which time he
lived upon peanuts and lemonade,
nothing else, says a Chicago special
dispatch to the Kt. Louis Post-Dis-patcb.
The Aurora savant says that he has
solved practically the whole scheme of
material life. The thing Is simple
peanuts and bananas. Eat 'em and
thrive. Don't bolfber about working
too hard, for you can live on 13 ceuts
a day and . wax fat. If you love to
work, go ahead, as on peanuts and
bananas twice as much work may be
done twice as easily.
Dr. Allen was In fine physical con
dition when he ended his novel sixty
day test. "I've solved the servant girl
problem." said he, "by eliminating
the servant girl. I am more than satis-,
fled with the test. I feel better than'
when I started in, and I could live and!
thrive on a diet exclusively of peauuts.l
I will now start on a sixty day test'
of bananas, which, c&mbined with pea-j
nuts, I have ilready discovered to be'
the ideal food. I
"My plan now is, to find some one
who Is a heavy eater of meats aud
other ordinary foods willing to enter a 1
sixty day contest with me, so that It
can be seen at the end of twelve
months who is In the better condition.
It Is certain that I shall win.
"If people lived on peanuts and ba
nanas, It would cost i them not. more
than 15 cents a day, and they would be
saved all the trouble of cooking, all
the expense- of servants. It takes an
hour to eat a meal of peanuts, but you
can eat the goo here at your desk or
( bench while you are at your work
YOUTH'S TRYING POSITION.
Which Will He Taka, the Girl or $30,000:
ew men have been placed in aj
're tryin position than Dink Mor-
mb. a student at- the Indiana univer -
-f, rhft will n,. ha tr
f Ip II -y
We will make you a loan from $10 up on your furniture, piano, horses, wagons, cows
and othei1 personal property, leaving them in your own possession. You can get the full
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FIDELITY LOAN O.,
i MITCHELL A LTIfDB BLOCK, ROOM 38, HOCK ISI.AJVO. : -N
affections of Miss Helen Traj lcy. The
terms of a will make It Imperative,
says a Bloomingtou (Ind.) disijutcli.
Morgan's graudrather, ltalpii Mor
gan, a well known politician of HIooiu
ington. knew that his light hearted,
bandsome nephew loved the dainty
girl student, aud he opposed the match.
The old man was a farmer. Young
Morgan would naturally succeed to
the estate.-aud the elder tuau did not
think that a pretty, fragile college girl
could make a farmer's wife, so he
formed the will so that should Diuk
Morgan ask Miss Trayle.v to wed the
young man must forfeit the estate.
While Morgan has not as yet com
mitted himself, it is said that he is
strongly of the opinion that the girl is
worth more than the farm lauds which
the graudfathor has said will lelong
to the young man if he follows out the
terms of the will.
In the meanwhile Miss Tray ley is
the idol of her classmates. Slit is re-
fcrred to as the "$:JO.OOO beauty." Her
popularity increased at a iMnind with
the coming to llht of the eccentric old
politician's will. All the college awaits
with, bated breath the decision of Mor
gan, and the letting is generally with
the girl's side of tiie question.
EXTERMINATION, OF DEER.
Wealthy New Hampshire Man Advo
cates It on Ground of Humanity. -Ellsha
B. Brown, one of Dover's
wealthiest men aud president of two
banks, in an open letter- advocates the
abolition of the eloped season fur deer
aud their Immediate extermination on
the grounds of humanity iii.lcss the
game laws are chaiiKcd to ix-nuit the
use of rifles In hunting them'and the
prohibition of shotguns, saya a Dover
(X. H.l dispatch to the New York Trib
une. Mr. Brown, who is agent for the
New Hampshire' Society For the Pre
vention of Cruelty to Animals, says
that mauy pitiful cases are reported
to him of mutilated and maimed deer
seen in the woods and fields. K itlVring
from gunshot wounds. He has reput
edly been asked to interfere and says
that vunder the law he is helpless to
act, though he knows of deer with
broken legs, jaws shot away and with
other frightful wounds living for days.
is to his family -first, thtn to
his friends. j
What obligation requires a
man to give personal security
for his friends, and thus imperil
his family's welfare ? ; ;
Corporate Bonds, as f twished
by the American Surety Com
pany of New York, ;fe in
every way superior to Personal
Sureties, and are rapidly , su
perseding them. ' i.i
Don't assume an unnecessary
risk because of a mistaken idea
When asked to sign a bond, do
your friend a service fro fr.
him in communication 'with the
of Dew Vertf
Capital and Burpiua M..ooq4
fc-Arf-fc Mr . .... ... '
or, . ' ' "777 V7 -B-
Z 1 ?
4 . ivn mtth
" ", IHlJ. B. AX
Will It Be a :
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It is not the quantity of food taken
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Three Up -to -Date Markets,
311 Twentieth Street.
1006 Third ave. 3802 Fourteenth Ave.
WE HAVE JUST RECEIVED TWO CARLOADS OF . HOGS, AND
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Calendars and Wa.ll Pockets
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1510-1512 SECOND AVENUE.
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PAINTS and WALL PAPER
(Formerly P. J. Lee's)
A DISCOUNT OF TWENTY-FIVE PER
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elect betw.eett.a.S30iXa).larjn ana th y Wou.e, '
' J' '' IXiwnniVVvyin
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. - II .III III IIIM.l
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