Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-SEVENTH YEAR. NO. 68.
THE ARGUS, MONDAY, JANUARY 6, 1908.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
INSANITY AT TIE OF THE
RDER IS THAW'S PLEA
Slayer of Stanford White
in Court for Second
INTEREST NOT KEEN
jcurt Decides to Hold Three
Sessions Daily One
Now York, Jan. C Harry K. Thaw
today for the second time faces a
trial on the charge of willful murder.
After months of waiting in the Tombs
the tedious work of securing the jury
to try him for Killing Stanford White
was begun in the criminal branch of
tlm supreme court.
Compared with the former trial in
terest in New York is at the lowesr.
It is probable many tedious days will
lie spint. in securing a jury.
'iillci1 to (hp liar.
Thaw was called to the bar at 11:20
and his chief counsel, Martin W. Lit
tleton, announced the former plea of
not guilty entered by his client would
be amended to read, "That the de
fendant was insane at the time the
deed was committed."
Thaw was seated at the counsel
table with Littleton, Russell Teabody
and Daniel O'Reilly. District Attor
ney Jerome and Assistant District At
torney "Garvan represented the people.
Mr-. Tlinn- iu Same Dress.
Mrs. Evelyn Thaw, attired in the
blue school girl dress which became
familiar during the first trial, was in
the court loom when proceedings be
gan. Justice Dowling announced, until fur
ther notice, there would be three court
sessions each day, as follows: 10:15
a. in. to 1 p. m.; 2 p. m. to (J p. m.;
S p. m. to 10 p. ni. He also an
nounced that the, jury would be locked
ihe Omaha Clearing House associa
tion began today the cancelling of all
clearing house checks as they are presented.
Milwaukee, Wis., Jan. 6. The Mil
waukee banks today ceased paying out
clearing house checks which have
been used as currency for the past
DROPPED BY DRUCE
Governor Cummins of Iowa
Takes Final Step in Prize
CRITICISES COURT MARTIAL
Says Officer Allowed Himself to
Persuaded Into Unconscious
ness of Duty.
Civil Case, Will, However, be Contin
ued in Spite of Revelations
in Opening Grave.
London. Jan. C. The perjurv charge
brought against Herbert Druco by his
nephew, George Hollamby Druce, has
collapsed, but the civil action for the
recovery of the estate of the duke of
Portland will be cemtinued. This be
came known this afternoon when
counsel for George Hollamby Druce
announced in view of discoveries
made when the coffin of Thomas
Charles Druce was opened and ex
amined it to be impossible to proceed
with the prosecution.
LITTLE TROUBLE IN MUNCIE
Cars Run Without Guards and Riot
ing Is Believed Broken.
Muncie, Ind., Jan. C. The backbone
of rioting in Muncie is broken. Cars
were run yesterday from early morn
ing until dusk over all lines, arid with
the exception of a few scattering
stone throwing attacks, which oc
curred on the outskirts, the cars were
unmolested, notwithstanding they were
manned by imported strike breakers
and unguarded as far as deputy sher
iffs or troops were concerned. Major
General W. J. McKee, in command of
the troops, takes a cheerful view of
the situation. He said: "Things were
much better today, and I feel sure
there will be no further outbreaks ex
cept those brought on by small boys."'
Muncie, Ind., Jan. C. Several feat
ures, of the strike situation today are
favorable to peace. Forty-three strike
breakers left for Chicago early today.
Local men have taken their places on
s. Several factories reonened after
Japan Reported to Have
Home From America.
AT ACUTE STAGE
Tobacco War in Kentucky More
Serious as Result of Developments.
CONFERENCE A FAILURE
Des Moines, Iowa, Jan. G. In repri
manding Captain Oliver W. Kulp of
the Davenport company of the Iowa
National, guard for not preventing the
McFarland-Herman prize fight in No
vember, Governor Cummins Included a
severe criticism of the court martial
which tried him.
The court modified Its verdict of
guilty on the ground that the govern
or's order to stop the fight was not
specific. The governor says he has
confidence in the court and had no
doubt or. its honest and faithful ser
vice, but he adds: y
HQltls It Was Specific
"I am compelled to say that, as I
view the matter, the order was as spe
cific as it could have been made, and
that Captain Kulp disobeyed it with
out any excuse whatever. His con
duct lias impaired the faith the people
of the state have had in the national
"It may be he was not conscious
he was violating the order; but when
he was himself to be persuaded into
unconsciousness of duty, he was
guilty of as grave an offense as an
officer can commit.'
ItPMforeri to ('flinmaml.
Orders have been received at Daven
port restoring Captain Kulp to the
command of Company B from which
he of course was removed while un
der charges. The captain says he will
continue his efforts to make his com
mand the best of its kind in the state.
Outside the reprimand the only pun
ishment involved is the loss of pay
for the time he was under arrest,
which would have been given him had
he been found not guilty.
Official Denial Made, However,
by the Representative Left
un throughout tho trial
, J, T tn holiday shutdown and 1,000 union
Charles E. Gremmells. a shin broker. I . .... , . . .
was selected as juror No. 1 just before
the luncheon recess was ordered.'
OBJECT TO PRIMARY
ELECTION IN OHIO
Parties Bring Action to Enjoin on
Ground Public Money Cannot
Be Used That Way.
Toledo, Ohio, Jan. C. Papers are
being prepared in Henry county to en
join the board of elections from hold
ing a primary election. for selection
ef Taft and Foraker delegates to the
state convention. Those bringing suit
contend the money of the taxpayers
cannot be used for such purposes at
the behest of a political committee.
men idle last week are busy today.
Other factories will open this week.
Portland, Ore., Jan. G, A dispatch to
the Oregonian from Vancouver, B. C,
says that hundreds of Japanese ex-sol
diers now In Vancouver have received
orders from the mikado to retuvn to
Japan at once. ;
Washington, Jan. G. M. Niya-Oka,
in charge at the Japanese embassy
here, today authorized a formal de
nial of the Toport from Vancouver, B.
C, that the Japanese government is
recalling to Japan the army reserve
men in the United States.
Another Meeting at Indianapolis Look
ed to as Hopeful Feature in
THREE KILLED IN
WRECK AT DUBUQUE
BALANCE OF POWER
Ohion Senate Evenly Divided Between
Democrats and Republicans House
Almost, in the Same Fix.
Columbus, Ohio, Jan. 0. The sec
ond session of the 77th. general assem
bly of Ohio opened toay. The house
is republican by one nijority and the
senate evenly divided politically. Sen
ator Iamb. independent'holds the bal
ance of power in the sejfate. ,
Hopklnsvllle, Ky., Jan. G. The fight
between the tobacco growers' associa
tion and the American Tobacco com
pany has. reached its crisis in. Ken
tucky and Tennessee, and the failure
of the recent meeting, held at the plea
of Governor Wilson, is expected to be
followed by more "night rider" outrages.
The fear is carried out by the fact
that Judge James Breathitt, Ken
tucky's new attorney general, has re
ceived several anonymous letters
threatening personal violence because
of the activity of members of the
"night riders' " band, which recently
raided Hopkinsville, doing $100,000
worth of damages.
One Hopeful Feature.
While these danger signs are shown
in many parts of the state, there is
being held in Indianapolis, Ind., today
a meeting which may result In peace
overtures. This is a gathering of the
executive officers of the American So
ciety of Equity.
Considering that the standing of the
society is endangered by the act3 of
the "night riders" and fearing that
unless the lawlessnes is discounten
anced at once thousands of fanners
will withdraw, a resolution will be in
troduced asking for the expulsion of
all members of the society connected
with these raids.
Take Thing in Own Hands.
The Kentucky farmers show a dis
position to take things into their own
hands, and .there will be a great gath
ering in this city today in the in
terest of the tobacco growers' organ
ization. Thousands of members of
several associations are expected. No
information is given out as to the pur
pose, of the assembly.
Chicago-St. Paul Burlington Passenger
Collides with a Great West
United States Supreme
Court Knocks Out Re
cent Actof Congress
FOR COMMON CARRIERS
Winfield WT. H.
Dubuque, Iowa, Jan. C. In a col
lision between a Great Western rail
way freight train bound for Chicago
and a Burlington passenger train,
north bound, inside the city limits of
East Dubuque yesterday afternoon at
2:20 o'clock, three persons were
killed. The dead:
John Blanchard, engineer.
ton train. La Crosse, Wis.;
McGasky, East Dubuque;
Smith, brakeman, Great
The injured: Martin Gallagher,
dispatcher, East Dubuque; badly cut
The wreck occurred at point
where the track leading from the
East Dubuque tunnel diverges into a
double track. The Great Western
train just had left the tunnel when
the Burlington Chicago-St. Paul train,
norm Dound, at high speed, came
toward the switch. It is asserted the
air brake failed to wont on the pas
senger train and the freight train had
failed to clear the switch when the
Burlington struck it.
SAGAN HOLDS, BEATING
WORTH AT LEAST A FRANC
Resorts to Criminal Court to
Give Solace for
PRESIDENT TAKES A WHACK AT ADMIRAL BROWNSON
Chief Executive Makes Public Two S:orching Letters That Will Stir Up a Lot of Trouble In the
Navy Congress May Become Interested.
SURGEON IS IN COMMAND
Metcalf Appoints Naval Medical Man
in Charge of Relief.
Washington, Jan. C. Acting under
orders of the president, Secretary
Metcalf has assigned Surgeon Charles
F Stokes to the command of the hos
pital ship Relief being fitted out at
Mare island, California, with full hos
pital equipment for special duty with
the battleship fleet. Accommodations
will be afforded on the vessel for
about 250 sick persons. Metcalf de
clined to say anything about the con
troversy over the command of the
Relief which resulted in the resigna
tion of Admiral Brownson from the
head- of the bureau of navigation.
BOMB EXPLOSION IS
Wrecking of First National Bank
Building at Kansas City Puz-
zles the Police. .
Kansas City, Mo., Jan. C. The con
census of expert opinion is that the
explosion in the marble building of
the First National bank here Satur
day afternoon was caused by dyna
mite or some other high explosive
A piece of pipe, believed to have been
part of a bomb, was found late Sat
nrday in the wrecked basement.
The motive is lacking, but bank offi
cials and the police incline to the be
lief the explosion was either the work
of a crank or that the bomb had been
secreted in the basement by woid
be robbers for future use and had been
touched off prematurely. No arrests
have been made and the police are
without any definite clue upon which
to work. The loss is $10,000 confined
. almost entirely to the basement. None
.of the 10 injured is fatally hurt and
the injuries of only two are considered
NEW CRUISER PROVES FAST
North Carolina Makers Good Speed on
Rockland, Mahie, Jan. . 6. The ar
mored cruiser North Carolina, built
by the Newport News Shipbuilding
and Dry Dock company, arrived here
yesterday. While running for a short
time 'under forced draft the cruiser
averaged nearly the required speed
of 22 knots. The standardization
trial was held today on the Rockland
BLACK HAND'S WORK SEEN
Body of Man Found in Pasture at Easi
Omaha, Neb., Jan. C. A murder, be
lieved to be the "work of the Black
Hand society, was discovered last
night when boys found the dead body
of Guisseppe Fiorenz in a pasture in
Cancel Clearing House Checks.
Omaha, Neb., Jan. C. Banks
LESS REVENUE IS
PAID IN NOVEMBER
Slump of Over Five Millions as Com
pared with Year Ago Reported
SALOONKEEPERS OBEY LAWS
Those at Cairo Voluntarily Close Their
Doors on Sunday.
Cairo, 111., Jan. C For the first
time in the history" of Cairo the sa
loons were closed . tight yesterday.
N'ot even the back doors were open
The Sunday cloEing was voluntary on
the part of C2 saloonkeepers. They
pledged themselves to obey all laws
A local option election will be held in
Washington, Jan. C The monthly
statement of collections of internal
revenue shows for the month of No
vember. 1907, the'receipts' fell off $5,
C2(;,0(io compared with 'Nevember, 100C.
Ministers in Saloon War.
. St. Louis, Mo., Jan. C Ministers
of all denominations in East St. Louis
v.ill effect an organization to giv
legal aid to persons fighting saloon
keepers and brewers. The organiza
tion proposes to provide a lawyer and
to help prosecute any saloonkeeper
who sells liquor to minors or a drunk
Washington. Jan. C Rear Admiral
Brownson is denounced bitterly in
typical Roosevelt fashion by the presi
dent in two letters to Victor H. Met
calf, secretary of the navy, whicn were
made public at the. white house yester
In the first of these letters the presi
dent devotes himself to Admiral
Brownson's action in retiring when di
rected to place a staff officer in com
mand of a naval vessel because he ad
hered to the old naval precedent that
only line officers should be in com
mand of ships. He characterizes Ad
miral Brownson's action as '"highly in
jurious to the service," and adds, fur
ther, that his action has undoubtedly
been prejudicial to the interests of the
navy, and may severely impair the con
fidence which is essential to securing
the legislation sorely needed.
Defends Hia Plan.
In his last letter the president de
fends the plan of placing a physician
connected with' the "thedical staff in
command of a hospital ship in prefer
ence to a regular line officer, and cites
the fact that Japanese hospital ships
were in command of staff officers dur
ing the war with Russia.
Mr. Roosevelt's action in making
these letters public just before the re
convening of congress is taken as a
defiance of the members of the senate
and house who havel criticised his
stand in this case. In fact, the presi
dent makes his deft definite in his last
letter, in which, he says that hospital
ships of the navy will hereafter be in
command of medical officers of the
navy, "unless otherwise ordered by
Comes as Surprise.
The. vicious attack upon Brownson
by the president was a surprise to
many. In official circles here it is a
matter of general comment that the
stand taken by Admiral Brownson is
indorsed by all line officers. Imme
diately after Admiral Brownson retired
Captain Cameron McRae Winslow, who
succeeded to the command of the bu
reau of navigation temporarily, called
the attention of the secretary of the
navy to the fact that. Surgeon General
Rixey had violated the naval code in
criticising a superior officer. No atten
tion was paid to this protest by the
president of the secretary of the navy,
however, and Captain John E. Pills
bury was selected to take permanent
command of the bureau.
PillNbnry Airs Mrownson's Views.
Captain Pillsbury, while he refuses
to be drawn into the controversy, is
known to hold the same views enter
tained by Admiral Brownson.
Besides swinging the big stick in
such generous fashion the president,
in the second memorandum, defends
his order assigning medical officers
to the command of hospital ships, as
Echoes From Latest Play
of Big Stick.
I would willingly pass over the
conduct of Admiral Brownson be
cause of his past service, but it
becomes imperative to stamp
with disapproval the behavior,
which, if followed throughout the
navy generally, would literally
ruin the navy's efficiency.
There is no room for differ
ence of opinion as to the gross
impropriety of the Admiral's con
duct in resigning sooner than
carry out the orders of his su
perior officers in such a matter.
The officers of the navy must
remember that it is not merely
childish, but in the highest de
gree reprehensible to permit ei
ther personal pique, wounded
vanity or personal feeling to ren
der them disloyal to the inter
ests of the navy and, therefore,
to the country as a whole.
The different bureaus of the
department, the different branch
es of the service, must act in co
ordination and the questions that
arise between them must be set
tled by the secretary of the na
vy and the president.
The action of the late chief of
the bureau, Admiral Brownson,
was unseemly and improper and
undoubtedly has been prejudicial
to the interests of the navy.
It is well that defects should
be pointed -out without historical
exaggeration or malicious un
truthfulness, while it is highly
reprehensible to exploit them in
grossly exaggerated form.
Paris, Jan. 6. In fulfillment of his
intention, announced Friday, Prince
Heiie eie bagan nas hied suit on the
ground of assault, against Count Boni
do Castellane, in the criminal court
abking one franc damage. The action
will be taken up before the court
STEAMSHIP SHORT OF FUEL
the moving reason for the resignation
of Admiral Brownson. He states
frankly that in this matter there can
be entirely legitimate differences of
opinion, although, in his judgment,
the considerations in favor of the
policy he has adopted are over
whelming. Admiral Brownson is given
no chance to defend himself.
Rixey Made Statement. '
Since the controversy began a state
ment, with the approval of the presi
dent, was made by Surgeon General
Rixey. That statement was construed
by .Captain Winslow, assistant chief
of the bureau of navigation, to be a
reflection upon the administration of
the bureau, and he filed an official
complaint against It. Rear 'Admiral
Brownson while fully conceding the
right of his superiors to deal' with
him in accordance with the law and
naval regulations, also . has objected
to a public statement by Surgeon
General Rixey, who is not hi3 superior
It Is expected these complaints will
seal Dr. Rixey's lips hereafter.
Hronnson's Friends Retaliate.
Admiral Brownson, however, has not
made a public statement of any kind
in regard to the controversy. . The
reasons he resigned are. contained in
a letter addressed to the president
which the latter has declined to make
public, and which the secretary of
navy says will not be made public
unless congress calls for it. Friends
of the admiral claim that in this re
spect his superiors are guilty of un
fairness and injustice; for they assert
the public has been informed only, of
the contentions of the president and
Surgeon General Rixey,.. while there
has been withheld from it the state
ment of the views of the admiral
which caused him to give up the
highly responsible duty of chief of
the navigation bureau.
- Text of First Letter.
The letter to Secretary Metcalf re
garding the retirement of Admiral
Brownson and the controversies in
the navy, is as follows:
"Washington, Jan. 2, 1908.
"The Secretary of the Navy:
"In accordance with our conversa
tion of today, Captain Pillsbury will be
appointed chief of the bureau of navi
"The action of the late chief of the
bureau, Admiral Brownson, in tender
ing his resignation because he did
not agree with the president and the
department regarding an order, Issued
before he came into the bureau, by
the secretary of the navy, as to the
control of the hospital ships, was un
seemly and improper, and coupled
with the various controversies among
the officers of the navy and their ad
nerents as to details or naval con
struction and methods of training, has
undoubtedly been prejudicial .to the
interests of the navy and may serious
ly impair the confidence in the navy
which is essential to securing the leg
islation so sorely needed by the navy
The way in which these controversies
have been carried out is highly injur
ious to the service, whether the com
munications are made openly over the
signatures of the naval officers or by
civilians who have evidently gained
their Information from naval officers.
Defects Always with Vs.
"There always are and always will
be defects to correct both in the con
struct ion of ships .and in the organiza
tion of the department and in the
actual drill of the fleet It is well
that these defects should be pointed
out, but it Is also well that they
should be pointed out without hyster
ical exaggeration, or malicious un
truthfulness; while it is, of course,
Coal Gives Out on British Vessel and
Captain Strips Boat of Woodwork.
Philadelphia. Pa., Jan. C Wfth ev
try bit of wood above and below decks
taken to feed the furnaces after the
coal had given out, the British steamer
Matka yesterday ended a thrilling
day voyage from Spain to this port.
Heavy storms caused the ship to
burn its last ton of coal when many
miles from America, and to reach port
the captain ordered everything that
would burn about the ship ripped i
and thrown in the fire box to make
steam. Even the bunks were used as
For 26 hours the battle to bring the
Matka safely into port was fought
against a raging storm.
Made Them Responsible for In
juries Due to Careless Fel
Washington, Jan. 6. The supreme
court of the United States today held
to be unconstitutional the congression
al enactment of June 11, 1906, known
as the "employers' liability law" mak
ing railroads and other common car
riers responsible to employes in acci
dents due to negligence of fellow ser
vants or to ineffective appliances.
The decision of the lower court is
Derides Tax Case.
The supreme court also decided the
proceeds of the sale of original pack
ages of imported goods can be taxed
under the laws of a state.
BY CIVIL SERVICE
President Roosevelt Urges Con
gress to Provide for Census
HITS PATRONAGE SYSTEM
Special Message Read in House
Representatives Sessions of
Day Are Short.
Washington, Jan. 6. In a message
to the house of representatives today
President Roosevelt Urged that in pre
paring for the work of taking the
next census the 4,000 or more addi
tional employes needed be appointed
only after competitive examination un
der the rules ot the civil service com
mission and strongly denounced tho
ltuth Houses Make It Short. -
Washington, Jan. G. The senate
and house were in session only a short
time today, both bodies adjourning out
of respect to the late Senator Mallory
BRIBE TAKER DIES
OF HEART FAILURE
PASSES INTO NEW HANDS
London Times Purchased by Company
from Walter Family.
London, Jan. 6. The Times has
passed from the control of the Walter
family which has owned and conduct
ed it) since it ,was first established.
A new company has been formed with
Arthur Pearson as managing editor.
Arthur F. Walter, president of the
old company, becomes chairman of the
board of directors of the new company
Former Supervisor Thomas F. Loner-
gan of San Francisco Drops Dead
LITTLE EGYPT " ASPH YXI ATE D
Famous Dancer Found Dead in Apart
. ments in New York.
New York, Jan.' 6. Catherine De-
vine, or "Little Egypt,' the dancer,
was found dead in her apartment yes
terday, died from illuminating gas
asphyxiation, according to the report
submitted to the coroner today by the
physicians who performed the autopsy
on the body.
No Word from Lost Ship.
St. John, N. B., Jan. 6. No word
has reached here of the long overdue
Canadian Pacific steamer Mount Royal
Two steamers the Sobo from the
West Indies, and the Alcides, from
Glasgow arrived yesterday, but they
report no sign of any disabled steam
er. The Mount Royal has been out
Puts 1,000 Men to Work.
New Castle, Pa., Jan. C. A thousand
men were reemployed at the Shenan
go tin plate plant today.
Youngstown, Ohio, Jan. 6. The
plants of the Republic Iron and Steel
company and the Youngstown Steel
and Tube company resifmed operations
today, giving employment to 8,000
- Steamer's Boilers Blow Up.
". Brest, Jan. 6. The boilers of the Ar
gentine steamer Iniperatrice- exploded
reprehensible in the highest degree to I yesterday off Ushant, the steamer foun
(Contnlued on Page Three.)
ere saved' by a fishing smack.
San Francisco, Jan. 6. Former Su.
pervisor Thomas F. Lonergan dropped
dead at his home this morning. He
was one of the members of the board
of supervisors and others who con
fessed to having received bribes from
tho United Railroad and other corporations.
FIGHT OVER SPILLED MILK
Five Members of Des Moines Family
Injured with Knives.
Des Moines, Iowa. Jan. 6. Five
members of the family of Adam Schaf-
fer are injured, two perhaps fatally, as
a result of the overturning of a milk
pail last evening. Allie Schaffer drove
a cow behind a cow being milked by
his brother Levi. The cow kicked.
Trouble started and knives were used.
Neighbors stopped the row and sum
HOSPITAL LAUNDRY BURNS
Three Employes Killed and Patients
in Panic at San Francisco.
San Francisco, Jan. 6. Three em
ployes lost their lives when an out
building used as a laundry at the
French hospital burned early today.
For a time the hospital was threat
ened and there was a panic among the
Prominent Clergyman Dies.
Philadelphia, Jan. C. Rev. James O.
Crowell, a prominent Presbyterian
clergyman, is dead here.
MAY BE IM PORT
St. John, N. B Jan. C A Canadian
Pacific steamer is. reported at Brier
island coming up the bay. As no ship
of this line is due till Wednesday
It is thought it may be the missing