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THE ARGUS. FRIDAY,. JANUARY '-24. 1 908.
AT THE THEATERS
(Sixteenth Street ami Second Avenue.)
Jan. 2 L Jane Corcoran la A Doll'
Jan. 20 "At Yale," matinee.
Jan. 3tt "The Mly and the I'rlnoe."
Jan. 31 rMury Minw, In GkoNta."
b'rU. 2 "The Miulxtrr'a Sweetheart."
Vrte. 5 "'I lie Time, the IMuee and the
Ih. K Kxra KeuJall.
tell. 9 "The Itetl Mill," mallaee and
(Eighteenth Street, North of Second
Vaudeville at 3, H and 11:15 p. m. Two
niallnerM Suu1.in uud holiday).
(Second Avenue, East of Nineteenth
Vaudeville at 3. H and :!. p. in. Two
matlneeM SSuudiiys aud lioliduya.
Lily and the Prince Coming Mil
dred's greatest- success. "The ilv and
the Prince," will appear at the Illinois
theater on Thursday, Jan. 3D. Nature
and training have made Miss Marguer
ite Blake a foremost actress. Her fig
ure is plump and perfect with arms
that were lost from the Venus de Milo
Her eyes are well shaped and full of
expression, w ith a face that is eloquent
ner voice is contralto in register, low
and soft. In temperament she is both
emotional and artistic. Take her all
in all. Miss Blake is a very pretty woni
an and as clever as she is beautiful
Miss Blake is charming and swet in
the love passages of the play and rises
to great height and power in the cli
maxes of the third and fourth rets
The story is based on an attempted
overthrow of the Papal states in the
16th, centurv. and beinsr laid in Italy
time and locality afford a rare chance
for the suitable setting of scenery and
oostnmp. These ;ir nroviiled lav
ishly and the result is a succession of
stage pictures winch ciiarm the eye.
while the action and dialogue sustain
the interest until the curtain drop
upon a happy ending. -
Have Brain and Brawn. Brain and
brawn areithe two "Ii's" that are the
salvation of the Yale boy, or as Presi
dent Hadley not long ago put it, "Mind
and muscle are the two 'M's.'" This
combination is exemplified in the en
tire crew of Yale winners picked by
Jules Hurry for his new college play.
"At Yale," which will be seen at the
Illinois on Sunday, Jan. 2C. Clear of
eye and clean aud strong in mind and
body, they all look as if they were the
winners of a thousand races, the he
roes of a thousand college scrapes.
From the stroke. Dick Sceley, down.
they are every man df them, "winners"
in more senses than one.
Fresh Air . Advocate. Miss Jane
Corcoran who comes to the Illinois
tonight is a great befiever in fresh air
lUd "sunlight S'lfi hold that sunlight
could be withdrawn from the begin
ning and added to the end of the day,
how many advantages would" be gain
ed by all, particularly those who spend
in the open air, when the light permits
them to do so, the time they-have after
the duties of the day have been dis
charged. Those advantages could be
secured 'by a simple expedient. An
astronomer once calculated for me,
that we can have eighty minutes more
daylight after G p. m. every day in
May, June, July and August and an
average of 45 minutes more every day
in April and September. Now the plan
I propose to take advantage of the sun
light is that at 2 a. m. on each of the
four Sundays in April, the standard of
time shall advance 2D minutes and on
Vv..vf A2 fV-V Vv i?
The lat-ter -already has accrpted the
post and all that remain to be done
(,o" formally close negotiations is to
draw, up some of the papers in Italy
under the Italian law. One of the di
rectors of the opera company is already-
on his way to Italy to close the con
tract. . Toscamini. has been selected to
conduct Italian opera under the new
director. Toscamini is one of the most
famous conductors in' Italy. German
operas will be conducted as heretofore
by Gustav Mahler. All of the singers
under contract, including Caruso, will
remain, their contracts being with the
opera company. Caruso's contract has
a year more to run.
"The Flower of the Ranch." Joe
Howard and Mabel Barrison -will pre
sent their . musical comedy, "The
Flower of the Ranch," at the Burfifi
At the Elite. The bill presented at
the Elite theater for the last half of
this week consists of the usual num
ber of acts and all are good. Professor
Paula's trained animals open the per
formance with a very neat and pleas
ing exhibition.. Grace Darnley, ihe
lady contortionist, easily takes her
place at the top of all artists of that
style and is without any exception the
best ever seen here. She does 1x)th
forward and backward close bending
and some of the positions which she
assumes warrants the belief that bones
were not a part of her construction
The Freeman brothers are pleusln?
the audience with, a good singing ami
l'inr;ni' uM Tim linru rlryci le;ltlv
land sine and dance well. The Barney
Bernard company are presenting a
copiedy sketch which keeps the audi
ence in a roar of laughter. The mem
bers of the company are all comedians.
Mrs. Mae Richards Casey is singing
"I Would Like a Little Love Any Old
Time." The Elitoscope is showing a
good moving picture which is a satire
on police practices.
SCENE FROM "THE LILY AND THE PRINCE, WHICH WILL BE AT
THE ILLINOIS THURSDAY. JAN. oil.
will cure most of the ills to which mor
tal man ha.-; fallen heir in the course
of the centuries since 'Adam. Miss
Corcoran declares that people sleep too
much while the sun is up, losing the
benefits to be gained by . drinking in
the radiation from the orb of day.
"For nearly half a year, the sun shines
while we are asleep, or rather most of
us, are asleep. I'm not one of the number.
The average man leaves his work
when the sun is nearing the horizon,
so under the most favorable circumstance.-;
there then remains only a
brief spell of declining daylight in
which to spend his leisure hours. Now
if some of the hours of wasted sunlight
each of the four Sundays in Septem
ber, shall recede 2D minutes. It is
nothing more than pushing forward the
clock hands in the spring and setting
then back in the fall. This plan if
followed would give us more sunlight,
provided we wanted to use it and I am
sure would result in better health and
longer life for us all."
Conried to Retire. Heinrich Con
ried is to retire as managing director
of the Conried ' Metropolitan Op-""
company at the 'close of this season.
Directors of the company have chosen
as his successor (Jiulio Gatti-Casazza,
director general of La Scala at Milan.
tipnally good", as -well as comical. It
is doubtfu if. there, is a musical act on
the whole circuit that surpasses 'the
Musical Millers, a trio of thoroughbred
musicians. The trio consists of Mr.
and-Mrs. Miller and. their litUe daugh
ter. Harry .'ewman is nrrsentino' a
little English comedy and he proved
to be. the scream of the bill at last
evening's performance. For real cot.
fcdy there are none of them- stepiiing
too fast for Newman. He was recalled
a number of times at last evening's
performance. Mrs. May IOliy is sing
ing the illustrated song this week and
she is being received with great favor.
She i singing, "Don't Forget Your
Dear Old Dad." The pictures for the
last half of this week are very good.
HOLDS EViLS ARE NECESSARY
Without Sins People- Slide Into State
of Nothingness Says Judge.
Joliet, 111.,' Jan. 24. "Evil is a neces
sity," said Judge Willard M. McEven
of Chicago be fore the Steel Works
club last night. "It is a necessity, b-
cause without it we could make little
if any progress. Extending his re
marks, he asserted that a people lack
ing iii evil gradually tend to nonen
tities. "They go down the toboggan
slide of inaction. We must remember
that no one is wholly good or wholly
bad," he said. The judge had been
invited to Joliet to speak on "Brains,
Muscle and the Law," and confined
I cfSl CORNSYRUPSX
if itrt f lt s crowning joy that 1 I
j tMj&kiGS makes a feas: bf a flapjack. I I
It spurs the lazy appetite ; I I
jL-ggg surprises by its exquisite '
yg . flavor., . , ,
ll fes" . Fine for bakinebest for II
rrt('r any use from eriddle cakes .
v; nal In ioe. 35c and joe j '
. - '
being too talkative in the presence of
a 'disguised railroad detective four
more switchmen have been arrested
It Does the Business.
E. E. Chamberlain of Clinton, Maine
says of Bucklen's Arnica Salve: "It
charged with complicity in the numer- does the business; I have used it for
At the Family. The bill at the Fam
ily theater the last half of this week
is headed by Tinkham and company
In a whirl wind bicycle act. The com
pany consists of two young men. All
their feats are done iiuside of a lattice
casre. saucer shaped, termed the "Cag"
of Death." They ride bicycles around
this cage at a speed of about 'M miles
per hour. Mr. Tinkham boasts of be
ing the only man in the world making
a ride of this kind on a motor bicycle.
The motor bicycle ride is probably the
most sensational of all. Both riders
are dressed in white costumes and
when the spot light is thrown on them
the effect is beautiful.'. 1 Johnnie Reilly,
a comedy juggler, quite well known
in vaudeville circles, is presenting
some feats in juggling, that are excep-
'1 - 1
SCENE IN "AT YALE," WHICH IS AT THE ILLINOIS SUNDAY.
himself to his subject, lie made 110
political speech and avoided mention
ing his candidacy for governorship.
Four Switchmen Arrested.
Peoria, 111., .Ian. 24. On account of
ous freight car robberies on the Peoria
and Pekin Union railway. The nun
arrested are 1. H. Winn, William
Smith. J. W. Graway and W. S. Rick
'tt. A few days ago nine were arrested.
piles and it cured them. Used it for
chapped hands and it cured them. Ap
plied it to an old sore and it healed it
without leaving a scar behind." 25
LXi thecoal we burn these
days," said Uncle Joe, the
Story Teller, "was made
hundreds and thousands
t year ago.
"Tbia lump of coal which I hold
tn my hand must be from a great
depth, for it seems to be made up of
plant life which flourished long be
fore plants had flowers.
. "In those days there were no men
en earth, and very few animals of
any kind.. Giant g-asshoppers and
monster toads were about the only
kinds of animals then living."
"I'll bet they could Jump some,"
-"Jump?; Well. I should say so!"
responded Uncle Joe. "Their foot
prints In the eoaf would indicate
that they were pretty good Jumpers.
Now, run upstairs and get my knife.
If the blade is open be sure to close
It before you start downstairs."
; When Arthur returned with the
knife Uncle Joe sent hi,m for the
whetstone. The whetstone was
locked up and Arthur had to ask his
lather for It.
"What docs Uncle Joe want the
htutone for?" asked Arthur's lath-
A Lump of Coal and Its Interesting History
How It Was Formed Many Years Ago and
How It Is Mined for Our Use Today.
er. In amazement.
"I don't know," answered the boy.
"But Uncle Joe Is out on the veranda
with a lump of coal and is going to
tell us a story about It."
"I believe I'll go along and listen,
too," said the boy's father, who used
a great deal of coal in his manufac
"In the first place." said Uncle Joe.
in preface, "the proper way to built
a quick Are Is to lay the coal with Its
layers pointing upward; for, a you
may see from this lump, coal consists
of layer upon layer. If the layers are
laid upright the heat of the fire be
low stands a far better chance to
shoot through and up. Don't forget
"Coal consists of layer upon layer
of fallen vegetation of long ago. Hun
dreds and tLcusand3 of years ago this
lump of coal I now hold in. my hand
was being formed by the dropping of
leaves, stems and branches; Ju3t the
same as in the fall we find our carpet
of leaves overspreading our city
parks. . ' . ". '. i .'.
"In these days there wa3 no man
with the rake, and the destiny bf the
ii tieiit viui teinj acconijjlLhed. For.
the sun is the source of all this I
earth's energy. And, wherever you
see an automobile coming, and step
aside, you. pay a compliment to the
sun, whether you know It or not.
"In those eld. days the sun. sent
forth its heat, and the leaves, stems,
branches and trunks of earth's vege
tation were- warmed and grew. ' In
the form of coal that energy of the
past has come to us.
"With coal we generate steam.
With the aid of steam we make all
kinds of wheels go round, and develop
electricity, compressed air and other
motive powers. . But It must all come
from coal first.
"Of course, some people etlll burn
woo(J. Eut, that's only away out In
the country. So, I may safely say,
coal Is man's dearest possession. Its
hidden power, composed of the stored
up energy derived from the sun
beams of the long past, by dint of
application and perseverance on
man's part, has: rendered possible
steam cars, v automobiles, and other
means of rapid transportation.
"The- 'Great Dismal Swamp lying
to the south ' of Norfolk, Va., and
stretching far away into North Caro
lina, furnishes one of the best com
parisons of present days to a probable
view of a prehistoric coal bed In pro
cess of formation. The whole-, place
is one enormous quagmire, overjpowu
with water .plants and trees. The
soli is as black as ink from the old,
dead leaves, grasses, roots and stems
which lie In It, and so soft that every
thing would sink Into it. If It were
not for the. matted roots of the
mosses, ferns- and other plants which
bind It together. You may dig down
for ten or fifteen feet, and 'find noth
ing but peat made from fie remains
of plants which hare lived and died
there In succession fc; ages a'nd ages,
while the black trunks of the fallen
trees lie here -and there, gradually
being covered up by the dead plants.
"Pa$ when driod becomes firm and
makes an excellent Are, and if It were
pressed until: hard and solid it would
not bo- unlike coal. . Pure peat is free
of earth. TS- explanation Is not difficult.-
Streams flow constantly, or,
rather, cose, into the Great Dismal
Swamp from the land that lies to the
west, but instead' of bringing mud .in
with them as rivers do to the sea,
they bring only pure, clear water,
because, as they Jlter through the
dense Jungle of ' reeds, ferns and
shrubs which grow around the marsh,
all earth is- sifted out and left be
hind. V-.0 : -- . .
"We know that the surface of the
earth is constantly changing. Now,
If the land to the east were to sink
sufficiently to e'.Iow the salt water
cf AtluatK ocean, to s'.eal Ivall
the vegetable matter would gradual
ly be killed and the water from the
streams In the west would no longer
be filtered, but would bring down
mud and leave It as a layer over the
dead plants. If the ground went on
sinking till the sea covered the
whole place the sea sand would be
thrown down over the clay and grad
ually pressed down by the weight of
new sand above, till It formed solid
sandstone and our coal bed becomes
burled deeper and deeper la the
earth, v.. , .-.
"At last, after long ages, when the
thick' mass of sandfctdne' above uhe
bed had been laid down, the sinking
must have stopped and the land have
risen a little, so the Eea-was driven
back; and- then. the rivers would
bring down earth again 1 and make
another clay-bed. Then a new for
est would spring up, and a second
bed of peat and vegetable matter
would begin to accumulate to form
a coal bed many feet above the firs
In this manner the different deposits,
or veins, of coal beds , have been
"The pressure which may be ex
erted by machinery Is absolutely
nothing compared -to the weight or
air thOEe' hundreds of feet of solid
rock which lie over the ccal-beds.
and which' has pressed them, down
ii:" thousands aud ccrLaia' iuilllooi
COM. LUMP SHOWING 1MPKE3310N" OF FEBT1
of years. So wo can see how coal was
not only squeezed Into a solid mass,
but often much of the oil and gas
which were in the leaves of the
plants was driven out by pressure
and the internal heat of earth, and
the whole baked into one substance.
"The difference between coal which
flames and ccal which burns only
with red heat is chiefly that one has
been baked and packed more than the
other. Coal which flames has still
got In it the tar and gas ami the oils
which the plant stored up in Its
leaves, and these when they escape
again give back the sunbeams in a
bright flame. The hard stone coal,
on the contrary, has lost a great deal
of' these oils, and only carbon re
mains, which, seizes hold of the oxy
gen of the air and burns without
flame. Coke la pure carbon, which
we make artificially by driving out
the oils and gases from ccal, and the
gas we burn is part of what is driven
"A miniature gas factory may be
constructed by any one using an or
dinary clay pipe. Fill the bowl with
a little powdered coal and cement
Uo iils end with fine clay. PUce
the bowl over a hot flame, and tb4
gas will be driven out of the litU
end of the pipe and will light easily.
During his talk on coal Uncle Jo
had been busy on his coal ball, and
had whetted It on the stone until H
had a flat DOlIshed surface whftrMn
with the aid of his magnifying glass
the children were able to distinguish.
a number cf interesting figures and
designs which. Uncle Joe explained,
were caused by ferns, leaves,, stems,
buds, cones and other parts of plants
. 1. , ,
vl me luug, iuag ago. . . . : -
"Think, then." added Uncle Joe.
"how much we owe to these plants
. I - 11 r. .1 Jt.J .
Think, too, of what we owe to the.
miner of today, who delves deep into
the earth and risks his health and
llfo in the pursuit of hts calling. For,
without coal we could have had o
engines of any kind, and consequent"
ly no large manufactories. - Rapid
transit would be a thing unknown,
and electric light would not exist.
' "The process of mining coal In
volves digging, picking, breaking
sorting, tramming, hoisting, re-sorting,
screening and much -sho veil nq
and hauling before !t g;s Into tht
stove and furnace. TL-a greatest
.... i-- - .
are cave-iaa, Lxt-danjp x.J HoodiajfcV