Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY- SEVENTH YEAR. XO. 8.5.
THE ARGUS, SATURDAY. JANUARY 25. 1908.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
FIGHT AGAINST REBATE
FINES AND PAY PENALTIES
Historic Case Against
Thomas and Taggart
Brought to Close.
BOTH PLEAD GUILTY
Jail Sentence Omitted and Pen
alties of $7,000 and $4,000
Fixed and Collected.
Hughes will not give a conference to
the leisla;ive board of the Brother
hood of locomotive Firemen and En
gineers, which convened in Albany
Thursday. Thomas E. 'Ryan of Albany,
legislative agent of the board, was del
egated to present to' the governor a
communication containing resolutions
railing for an answer from the gover
nor as to why he did not recognize or
ganized labor in his appointments of
the public service commission.
Through a misunderstanding, accord
ing to the governor's private secretary,
the governor did not receive the reso
lutions at once, but he sent his reply
to the board before 'it adjourned. How
ever, members of the board left Al
bany under the impression that the
governor wotdd not see them. Gover
nor Hughes said that had the confer
ence been requested' it would have
Kansas City, Mo., Jan. 25. George
J... Thomas, a freight broker of New
York City, and U B. Taggart, his
clerk, plead guilty in the United States
district court here today to the charge
of conspiracy to pay rebates to ship
pers. Judge Smith McPherson then
lined Thomas $T.WH and Taggart $1.
(KiO, (unit ting a jail sentence previous
ly assessed. Roth defendants were in
court, and after senteifce was passed
checks covering the lines were tender
ed and accepted by the judge.
I'ItkI Jail Seulence for Oil rune.
Thus ended the case against these
men. It was one of the most impor
tant rebate cases ever tried in this
country. The jail sentences which
were omitted today was the first, sen
tence1 of imprisonment ever passed for
a similar offense.
George L. Thomas maintained a bro
kerage office in New York, and repre
sented practically all the important
shippers on t he Missouri and Missis
sippi river under contract to roti'e
their freight from the east and to col
lect overcharges in freight biiis.
( li:if-KC-l with 'oiiNimy.
Thomas, with his clerk, Taggart,
was indicted in December. 1905, charg
ed with conspiring with Barton broUi-
is, whoicsiile shoe merchants of Kan
fas City, to pay rebates on the latter
firm's shipments. In the trial of the
case It was brought out Thomas had
tilso agreed to secure rebates for other
merchants. They were found guilty.
June 22. liMifi. 'Thomas was fined $0,000
and sentenced to si rve four months
in jail. Taggart was fined $4,000 and
sentenced to serve three months in
jail. Tliis was the first jail sentence
ever imposed in this country for rebating.
llrverNt-tl mi IVcIinlriilH.v.
An appeal was taken and the verdict
reversed on the ground the lower court
had failed to instruct the jury on the
pKsumption of innocence of the de
fendants, a technical point. At the
time that Thomas and Taggart were
found guilty, the following other ver
dicts were also returned in the federal
court here, on charges of making con
cessions and accepting rebates: Swift
& Co. and Cudahy Packing company,
$15,000; Armour Packing company,
$15,000; Nelson Morris company, $15.
win: Chicago, Burlington &. Quincy
One Appeal Still Frnriins.
The fines assessed against the pack
ing companies were affirmed April 2!t
last by the circuit court of appeals at
St. Paul. The Burlington case, which
also was appealed, is still pending.
Would I. Ike to Vine OtlirrM.
In his decision Judge McPherson
took occasion to say he believed the
firms that accepted, the rebates were
as guilty as the defendants and the
railroads, and that he had never been
able to understand why they had not
been indicted by the grand jury. He
would' have liked, he said, to have the
IS A LABOR TRUST
Ohio Judge So Characterizes
Glass Workers and Orders
TROUBLE WITHIN UNION
Use of Machines in Cutting and Flat
tening Conflicted with Rules of
Cleveland, Ohio, Jan. 25. A final
decree was entered in the suit of cut
ters and flattcners against the Amal
gamated Window Glass Workers of
America yesterday by Judge George
It Phillips in common pleas court.
Tile decision dissolves the association
of window glass workers, composed of
various workers in the glass trade, in
eluding cutters and flatteners. Amal
?. mat ion of workers into one associa
tion was made about six months ago.
iNMiif Over Mat-blurry.
The cutters and flatteners insisted
on using machinery. This was forbid
den by the by-laws of the association,
and. it Is said, was punishable by ex-
FIRE IN A HOTEL
Hundred Guests Forced to Flee
From Central at Pontiac at
Dead of Night.
TWO JUMP AND ARE HURT
Explosion of Hard Coal Stove Cauces
$100,000 Blaze at Madison
Pontiac, 111., Jan. "25. Early today
the Central hotel caught fire and was
entirely destroyed. A hundred or n.ore
guests had barely time to make their
escape in their night clothes, leaving
their personal effects and valuables.
One woman and one man jumped from
second story windows and were se
verely hurt. The loss is $15,0(K.
IliK Dlase at MailiMOii. 111.
Madison, 111., Jan. 25. A mysterious
explosion in a hard coal stove started
a firo which destroyed the greater jart
of two city blocks in the heart of the
business section today. The loss will
exceed $HM,00f. Forty persons are
Dynamite Im Exploded.
Des Moines, Iowa. Jan. 25. Five
hundred pounds of dynamite in a box
car at a mining town, two miles from
here, exploded during a fire which
broke outin the company's store to
day. Five men were injured and $f!0,
000 worth of property destroyed. The
shock of the explosion was felt for
miles around and at a distance of two
miles windows were broken.
Only England Leads U.
S. in Ship Construc
tion in 1907.
AHEAD OF GERMANY
BEFORE THE HOUSE
Representative Hitchcock of Nebraska
Delivers Political Speech from
Washington, Jan. 25. While the ur
gent deficiency appropriation bill was
tinder consideration in the house yes-
" j terday Mr. Hitchcock of Nebraska de
livered a political speech, in the course
of which he attacked certain statis
tics of General C. H. Grosvenor of
Ohio regarding the political outlook.
His remarks were devoted mainly to
a plea for William J. Bryan for pres
ident. He spoke of the candidacy of
Judge Parker and declared it was not
a case in which his personal strength
Forging to Front In Spite of
Fact There in No Subsidy
Law in Effect.
Xew York, Jan. 25. The ship build
ing summary for 1907 compiled by the
Shipping World shows the United
States ranks second for the year in the
total tonnage of hips constructed, only
England having outstripped this coun
try. Far Ahead of fiermany.
The summary shows the total ship
construction in American yards last
year reached 4SS.059 tons, which is
195, ISC tons greater than the output of
German yards for the same period,
Germany standing third in 1907 among
maritime nations in ship construction.
NO PRIMARY LAW NOW
FULL OF HORRORS
State Home for Feeble Minded
Grossly Mismanaged, Form
er Trustee Says.
OR. HARDT IS ARRAIGNED
Said to Have Paid $100 in One Case
to Hush Up Investigation
PENSION ROLL MOUNTS UP
UNDER THE MB LAW
This Is the Plan Tnat Seems to
Favored by the Machine Mon
bers of Legislature.
pulsion Irom the union in lie non-
members of the union meant praetic-jwas put to a test.
ally no work. The cutters and flatten-1 "His weakness was," He said, "the
ers endeavored to have this feature of weakness of the reactionary the weak
the by-laws changed. A long fight en-'ness of the general who was leading
...ii, ... . . . .
sued which resulted in the cutters an 1
flatteners bringing suit to dissolve th.j
nllt-il "l.alMir Trust."
Judge Phillips scored the associa
tion as a "labor trust," and declared
its contracts with organizations ab-
sorbed by it illegal, as were its by
laws. The court was particular, how
ever, to explain that he referred to
the glass workers' association alone
and not. to labor organizations in gen
eral. He said labor organizations were
necessities, and that the intent of the
law is to foster them.
towards the rear
and not towards the
Springfield, 111., Jan. 25. No primary
legislation, but a sine die adjournment
is the program outlined for the com
ing week by the house organization.
Notices were sent yesterday to the
friends of primary legislation to be in
their seats Tuesday when the final
tussle will be begun. Should the vote
fail to insure the passage of the Ogles-by-Jones
bill, speaker will allow
the adjonrnmeYit resolution to be put
FOR LOWER WAGES
Lincoln, 111., Jan. 25 John Wagner,
former president of the board of trus
tees of the Lincoln asylum for feeble
minded children, testified to the hor
rors of that institution yesterday be
fore the legislative investigating com
mittee. The committee had been
hunting scandals for a week. It had
touched the edge of several and had
heard the defense of Superintendent
Harry G. Hardt to others that had not
been really uncovered. But yesterday
it got testimony of actual irregulari
ties in every department of the insti
tution. 'llrnr Serloim Charge.
. Among the charges made by Mr.
That T. H. Miller, one of the attend
ans, beat a boy with a board and that
he, the witness, heard Dr. Hardt had
paid $100 to hush the matter up.
That the child who was scalded so
that she died was injured, so he was.
told, while the attendant was in her
room "doing up" her hair.
That Dr. Hardt and another employe
"held up" all the boys one night and
took all their money from them, but
afterwards returned it.
That the nurses of the infirmary
signed a round robin complaining of
the insulting language and attentions
of a night policeman named Robinson
and resigned because Hardt would not
discharge the man.
Sayn Deneen Ignored Complaint.
That two sick children were given
nothing to eat but roast beef, string
beans and corn.
That the food was so monotonous
that the children were made sick by
eating it. That the matron told him
the infirmary was the worst place she
had ever seen in her experience as a
nurse and "made her sick."
That for weeks the bowls of the in
firmary overflowed so that Dr. Hardt
had to roll up his trousers to wade
through the rooms to look for the leak.
That contracts were made without
advertising for bids.
That employes were retained be
cause of political pull, and that the
vent. Its liabilities are said to be
about $200,000. It Is represented that
the house was crippled through the
expenditure of several fortunes in a
world-wide search for Edward Groet
zinger, head of. the firm, who disap
peared mysteriously about five months
ago. Edward Groetzinger was reputed
to be worth half a million dollars. On
Aug. 8 last he started ostensibly for
Mount Clemens, Mich., but never
reached there. His luggage reached
Detroit by boat, but no one has ever
been found who saw him on the boat
Edward Groetzinger, Jr., who took
charge of the firm, announced that he
would find his father if he were alive.
Money was spent like water, and it is
understood that these large expendi
tures were what drove the firm to the
DEFIES THE COURT
President Gompers of A. F. of
L. Declares Liberties Have
THROUGH BUCK INJUNCTION
Criticizes Judge and Says Lawyers
Have Been Engaged to Carry Case
to Higher Tribunal.
Committee Approves of
the Appropriation of
NEXT FISCAL YEAR
Democratic Senators Try
Vain to Get Together on
Washington, Jan. 25. Although en
joined from making any reference to
the controversy between the American
Federation of Labor and the Buck
Stove and Range company, President
Samuel Gompers in an editorial in the
current issue of the American Federa-
tionist comments on Justice Gould's
recent decision at length, and declares
a purpose not to comply with all its
N Invimlon of Liberty.
It is an invasion of the liberty of
the press and the right of free speech."
declared Mr. Gompers. "We would be
recreant to our duty did we not do all
in our power to point out to the peo
ple the serious invasion of their lib
erties which has taken place. .That
this has been done by judge-made in
junction and not by statute law makes
the menace all the greater."
Washington. Jan. 3. Representa
tive Keifer of Ohio, chairman of the
subcommittee on pensions of the house
committee on appropriations, today
stated that informally the committee
has agreed to recommend a pension
roll of $150,0O0,OO for the fiscal year
ending June 30, lJt09. This will be
about $7,000,000 in excess of the pen
sion roll of the present fiscal year.
Due to Mft'utnbrr Bill.
The increase is largely due to the
provisions of the McCumber bill by
which enlargement of pensions in ac
cordance with age and the abolish
ment of physical examination as a
perquisite to the establishment of pen
sion claims on account of physical dis
ability were brought about.
Confer on Financial I.egiMlation.
Washington. Jan. 25. The democrat
ic senators held a conference today for
the purpose of trying to agree upon a
policy to be pursued with reference
to the proposed financial legislation.
Speeches were made by almost all the
senators present and developed a wide
divergence of opinion on the question
at issue. Several of them, including
Bailey, McLaurin and Owen are the
authors of bills and each of them
spoke at great length in support of his
Mr. Gompers states that the services
for the deposits made of some of the foremost lawyers in the
WITH A DUCKING
REFUSE TO SEAT PAT DOLAN
United Mine Workers Keep Up Fight
Against Pittsburg District Man.
Indianapolis, Ind.. Jan. 25. Dele
gates to the convention of the United
Mine Workers of America, by unani
mous vote today, refused to seat Pat
rick Dolan, former president of the
miners of the Pittsburg district. The
report oC the credentials committee
made no recommendation. The whole
matter was laid on the table without
a dissenting vote.
Kentucky Night Riders Prevail Upon
Tobacco Man to Quit Sell
Dawson Springs, Ky., Jan. 25 A
band of 50 masked night riders late
last night toftk possession of the Ar
cadia hotel here and. after terrifying
guests by "shooting up" the place,
took John Heath, an independent to
bacco buyer who was a guest, to the
ACCUSE HARVESTER COMPANY
river nearby and upon threats ot a
members of these firms before him to- "ducking" made him promise not to
day, with the power to pass sentence pell any more tobacco,
"The railroads" declared McPhe
son, "are hounded to death by rebate
seekers. They are not entirely to
blame for all the rebating that has
Kentucky Grand Jury Charges Interna
tional Combined with Others.
Frankfort, Ky., Jan. 25. The Frank
lin county grand jury returned an in
dictment yesterday against the Inter
national Harvester company of Mil
waukee charging that it combined with
the McCormick, Champion, Deerin
and Osborne companies to control
prices on mowers, reapers, binders and
other harvesting machinery. The fine
under the Kentucky anti-trust statute
is from $1,000 to $5,000 for each of
RESERVE GOES ABOVE LIMIT
FIGHT AT AN END
Reported Peace Has Been Patched Up
and Western Rail War
New York Banks' Great Improvement
Shown in Statement.
Xew York, Jan. 25. The weekly
bank statement follows: The banks
hold $37,001,000 more than the require
ments of the 25 per cent reserve rule.
Loans increased js.saz.uuu.
Deposits increased $36,979,000.
Reserve increased $13,C74,000.
Surplus increased $14,429,000.
Ex U. S. deposits increased $13,S24,
San Francisco, Jan. 25. The Exam
iner says today E. H. Harriman and
George J. Gould have ended their war
over rival interests in the Southern
Pacific and Western Pacific railroads.
It is said tinder the peace agreement
the two roads will cease fighting each
other and nendinsr lawsuits will be
German Rate Is 6 Per Cent.
Berlin. Jan. 25. The Imperial Bank
of America today reduced the rate of
discount from 6J,6 to G per cent.
Union Pacific Officials Announce
. duction Affecting Nearly All
Employes On Line.
Omaha, Neb., Jan. 25. The Union
Pacific railroad has made a deep cut
in all departments except the clerical
forces, and almost every employe will
feel the effect of the retrenchment
which came from Vice President t-nd
General Manager Mohler. Later the
clerks in all departments will be re
duced. Shopmen are cut to five davs
per week and eight hours per day, a
cut of 25 per cent. Accompanying
the order Mr. Mohler said:
"It s this Roosevelt prosperity that
makes this step necessary. It disgusts
me to think that his mania should
make the working class suffer. I am
disgusted and so are millions of other
men who see his fool policies."
trouble at the institution.
Ilnd Labored In Vain.
Mr. Wagner said that he had tried
hard to get an investigation for
months, but the other "trustee," Carl
F. Bartling, only shrugged his shoul
ders and would do nothing. Finally
when he went to Governor Deneen he
was called a "butter-in" and gave up
the office. Bartling and Hardt, he de
clared, were allied to suppress scan
dal, and the governor took their part.
At times the former president
raised his voice and fairly shouted
and again he pounded the table, and
a dozen times tears came in his eyes
as he told of the things he said had
shocked him. He admitted that much
of his evidence was hearsay.
The former president's home is at
McLean, 111., where he Is druggist
merchant and banker. He has lived
there 33 years, he said, and the only
country have been, secured, and that
tho case will be carried to the Unired
States supreme court.
IS DENEEN SERIOUSLY ILL?
Friends Fear He Must Forego Duties
for Some Time.
Springfield, 111., Jan. 25. After two
weeks of sickness, which has kept
him confined to his bed. Governor De
neen is in such a weak condition that
his friends fear it will be some time
before he can return to his duties.
He was first taken with the grip,
which has been followed by a general
physical breakdown. The five weeks
of campaigning? which he did at a
breakneck speed, is held responsible
for his condition.
Arranges Terms Said to B.e Satisfac
tory to Both United States
Tokio, Jan. 25. Since the delivery
of its last memorandum the Japanese
government has issued most stringent
instructions to all governors and other
officials concerning the regulation of
future emigration along the lines of a
future definite policy of restriction.
MASON HITS HOPKINS HARD
Declares Mormon Church is Sending
Money to Beat Former.
Sterling. III.. Jan. 25. William E.
Mason addressed a fair sized audience
last night in the opera house and bit-
terly arraigned Senator Hopkins in re
gard to his altitude to the Mormons.
He declared the Mormon church is
sending money into this state to defeat
office he ever held was that of trustee China except under government rules
which includes the prevention of emi
gration of laborers to America and I HFNRY R D&VI's TAKEN III
. . I a w wn iw n It b to
COINCIDENCE IN ACCIDENTS
Aged Kewanee Man Burned to Death
After Learning of Similar Fatality.
Kewanee, III., Jan. 25. Just after he
had discussed with his wife a fatal
burning reported in a paper received
from his old home in Howard, Canada,
oilman Milton, agea 7s years, was
the victim of a similar accident. He
went into a woodshed to gather cobs
and his lantern exploded, setting fire
to his clothing. .
LINCOLN ASYLUM NO WORSE THAN
OTHERS, DECLARES CHARITIES HEAD
LABOR SORE ON HUGHES
New York Governor Accused of Refus
ing Audience to Firemen.
Xew York. Jan. 25. Labor circles
SIX SAILORS LEFT ASHORE
Derelicts Gathered Up by Rio Police
and Will Be Sent After Fleet.
Rio Janeiro, Jan. 25. The police of
this city have gathered up six sailors
from the American battle ships und3r
Rear Admiral Evans, that had either
deserted or failed to return on board
before their vessels had sailed from
here three days ago. They will be
sent after the fleet on a collier.
More McDonald Jurors,
Chicago, Jan. 25. Two more juror3
were secured today in the murder trial
Chicago, Jan. 25. That the present
condition of affairs in the state asylum
for the feeble minded at Lincoln, 111:,
which is undergoing investigation, is
no worse than conditions in other like
state institutions was the declaration
of Dr. Frank Billings, chairman of the
state board of charities yesterday. Dr.
Billings spoke on behalf of the mem
bers of the board, who have been se
vtrely arraigned as a result of the In
vestigation and the conditions which
have been brought to light.
Wrong to Blame Board.
"There have been many false state
ments in connection with the prcsen
Investigation and the state board o
charities has come in for a great dea"
of unfavorable criticism," Dr. Billing'
said. "The power of the board wit
have been considerably exercised over of Mrs. Dora McDonald, making ll'lnjiegard to state institutions is greatl
that Governor Charles E. j all. ' - J misunderstood. Although members c
the board have the absolute right to
enter any state institution and to make
such examinations into conditions a
they wish, and are obliged by law to
report the results of investigations to
the governor and to make recommenda
tions as to what should be done to
remedy defects, the board has no powei
to enforce its recommendations, to
remedy conditions, or to punish off!
Mala, no matter what may be the
"Our moral force with the public is
our one power. Therefore, the board
welcomes the present investigation and
hopes that it will lead to similar inves
Igations in other state institutions
md a thorough 'house cleaning in all."
Blnmen the Legfolntare.
Dr Billings blames the legislature
of the Lincoln institution, lie was
appointed by Governor Yates, but was
retained by Governor Deneen until last
July. According to Wagner, the whole
Lincoln institution has gone to pieces
since Dr. Hardt took charge a year
Once Regarded ,n a Home.
"Under Dr. Taylor," he said, "the
children seemed to regard the place
as a home, but now they are all afraid
of Dr. Hardt. They scoot away in
every direction when they see him
coming. It is the same with the em
The witness said, however, that Dr.
Taylor himself had been slack in his
management and much too easy with
the employes. . .
Mr. Wagner said that'when Govern
or Yates appointed him he, was told
there was something wrong at Lincoln
and he was to study conditions, and
find out the trouble. He did so, and
reported first to Yates and then to
Deneen that there was friction be
tween the' superintendent and the
heads of departments. Governor De
neen said he did not want to take any
action until he knew more about the
and under gives conditions which will
be satisfactory to the governments of
both countries. Xo laborers will be
permitted to emigrate to Mexico.
Triple Wedding All In Family.
Frceport, 111., Jan. 25. A triple wed
ding here last night was largely a fam
ily affair. Ida M. Tilkemeier was mar
ried to William Kortemeier. Hattie F.
Kortemeier to William H. Brandt, and
Xellie L. Brandt to August C. Korte
Former Vice Presidential Candidate
Stricken in Washington Hotel.
Washington, Jan. 25. Henry Gassa-
way Davis is seriously ill at his rooms
in the Shoreham hotel, under the care
of trained nurses. His brother. T. B.
Davis of West Virginia, was summoned
Stillman Out cf Pacifies.
Xew York, Jan. 25. James Stillman,
president of the National City bank.
The Kortemeiers are brothers has resigned from the directorate and
and sisters and the Brandts brother also from the executive committees of
and sister. the Union Pacific and Southern Pacific
railways, according to an announce
ment made today. ,
Frank A. Vanderlip, vice president
of the National City bank, has been
elected to the vacancies left by Still
man's resignations. Stillman plans to
spend much of his time in travel.
Woman Rescues Drowning Skater.
Rockford, III., Jan. 25. Roy Brick-
land, 14 years old, skated into an air
hole on Rock river last night. His
cries for help attracted the attention
of Mrs. Anton Hill, who. with the as
sistance of two boys, rescued the lad
after he had been in the water 25 min
SEARCH FOR MANUFACTUR
ER WRECKS PITTSBURG FIRM
Funds of Big Furniture Concern Said
to Have Been Spent in Hunt
for Edward Groetzinger.
Pittsburg. Pa,. Jan. 25. The Groet-I
zmger Carpet & Furniture company
Df Pittsburg, one of the biggest hou es
of its kind between New v York and
Chicago, yesterday afternoon was
YESTERDAY IN CONGRESS
Washington, Jan. 25. Following are
in brief, the proceedings of the two
houses of congress yesterday as taken
from the official records:
SENATE- The senate was not in ses
HOCSE AUhough the urgent defi
ciency bill was technically up for con
sideration in the house, not a word per-
LAST HOPE GONE
J. A. Cook, Former Cook Coun
ty Circuit Clerk, Must Bs
gin Prison Term.
Chicago, Jan. 25. Judge McEwea
today denied the application of John
A. Cook, formerly clerk of Cook couu-
tinent to the bill was spoken. Under! ty circuit court, for a writ of habeas
the privilege of general debute several I . . r-nni.- .nmn . .
members addressed. the house on a vari- v-""n- " "-'"' & "
ety of subjects, but the speech which Ivicted of misuse of the funds of the
attracted most attention was a cnti-1 count v and sentenced tr the nenitpn
cism by Mr. Hitchcock of Nebraska of counly ana sentenced to me peniten-
a political forecast by General Charles i nary. He maae a strenuous tight
H. Grosvenor of Ohio. The debate Ithromrh the higher court nnd trlt tr
brought to their feet numerous demo-1 lnrouga lne n,fQer court ana triea to
crats. who sprang to the defense of I obtain a ruling from the United States
Mr. Bryan, while General Keifer oil supreme court which however Ac.
Ohio, supported by several other . re-1 .".ne yQmlj wmcn, nowever, ae-
publicans. undertook to refute all thejcimea to intenere. 1 he Judge directed
K - - . - - u.v i uuuiicuiis, utiurriuuiw reime ail Mil ,
'or the shameful conditions that exls'. I large New York firms Joining in-a re-1 arguments concerning Mr. Bryan's twoltaat Cook be turned over to the
" ....u,- w fl W aa tei.lnjP,- Adjournment was taken atl . t- ci "
I. Ul. UIllll AIUIIUU',
n state charitable institutions:
1 quest that the firm be declared insol- Ujj