Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-SEVENTH YEAR. NO. 140.
THE ARGUS, MONDAY, MARCH 30, 1908.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
NEW YORK BOMB THROWER FOUND
TO HAVE BEEN POSSESSOR OF A
CARD SHOWING HE WAS ANARCHIST
Alexander Berkman's Name
v Signed to Membership
LATTER IS 1 ARRESTED
Served Long Prison Term for
Attempt Upon Life of
H. C. Frick. -
New York, March 30. Alexander
Berkman, the anarchist leader who
served a long term in prison for an
attempt to assassinate Henry C. Frick,
was taken Into custody by the police
today. He will be taken to Bellview
. hospital this afternoon and confronted
with Sellg Silversteln, the man charg
ed with having thrown the bomb at
the Union square meeting Saturday.
Found Telltale Card.
The detention of Berkman was
brought about through the finding in
Sllverstein's rooms in Brooklyn a card
made out in Sllverstein's name, which
certified to his membership in the
"Anarchist Federation Union." It bore
the signature of "Alexander Berk
man." Silversteln, who- was fright
fully injured by the explosion of the
bomb, is reported progressing toward
No Show of Recognition.
Berkman's visit -to the hospital,
where he was confronted with Silver
stem, failed to bring any show of rec
ognition on the part of the two men.
Later, Berkman was released on the
promise he would appear again if
wanted by the police.
All Deny Responsibility.
, New York, March 30. Anarchists,
socialists and leaders of the unem
ployed were ready and anxious to go
to police headquarters yesterday in an
effort to show that their organizations!
or followers had nothing to do with
the bomb outrage in Union 1 "uare
All were certain that their own spe
cial leagues or bands could not in any
way have been connected with Silver-
stein, who threw the missile, and
scores of them went before the offi
cials of their own. accord, while others
.were rounded up by detectives.
In the face of all this questioning,
however, the police could not connect
any one directly .with the outrage.
Bomb Thrower I Questioned.
- The youth himself was interviewed
at length by Deputy Police Commis
sioner Arthur Woods and Assistant
District Attorney Garvan early yester
day morning, but it is said he told
nothing of worth Implicating others.
Contrary to the expectations of the
physicians at Bellevue, he did not die
yesterday, and it was announced that
he was in, a better condition, although
' there was almost no chance for his
recovery. The boy showed remarka
ble vitality all day .and was rational
nearly all the time.
Fuse Too Short.
New York, March 30. The bomb
thrown Saturday afternoon was meant
for Captain Reilley's squad of 20 men,
and a longer or slower burning fuse
would have perfected an Instrument
of death for probably every man of
A labor, or more exactly, a laborless,
meeting, without police sanction, had
been advertised to be held at the park
In the thousands that gathered were
many of a riotous disposition, a large
number wore red hats, and here and
there a red flag was displayed.
' Ordered to Clear Fark.
Suddenly an order to clear the park
was given and 150 police, half of them
mounted, charged the jeering, hooting
crowd, arriving in time to drive them
back to Jbe streets of . the square
circling the park. In the Btreets
crowds, fast assuming the nature of a
mob, fell into an indifferent formation
and marched about the square.
Having cleared, the park, the police
contented themselves with keeping the
- paraders moving-; ' Encouraged, the
procession grew bold, and shouts of
derision and oaths directed at the po
lice filled the air, and then, as though
by'prearrangement, the strains of the
"Marseilles" rose from a thousand
throats. . , , ,
Police Start Across Park.
The police, hastily reinforced, held
themselves in restraint. Reilley's squad,
which had been stationed at the east
side of the square, started at a double
quick pace, two abreast, across the
pars. as iney nearea me iouniain ai
the center of the square a slightly
built man darted 'out from the shades
of the heroic statue of George Wash
whose backs were now turned to their
pursuer. A large man kept at the oth
er's heels. ' 'i
, Threw People to Ground.
Within 20 paces of the squad the
I wo men halted and the smaller raised
his band in which was clasped a smok
ing bomb. Even as he drew hack nls
arm to throw the weapon, It exploded.
A shock that shook the skyscrapers of
the square threw r. score of people to
the ground. The atsassln and his com
panion fell, the latter being dead with
his breast torn out. The bomb throw
er, still lived, but his right hand had
been shot off, both eyes gouged out,
and his skull and shoulder fractured.
Four policemen who brought up the
rear were injured, but not seriously. '
MURDERED IN GAR
O. A. Bailey, Wells-Fargo Ex-
Press Messenger, Killed on
Santa Fe Train.
$1,030 SUM SUPPOSED TAKEN
Victim Evidently Had Head Crushed
in With Hatchet as He Slept on
Run Near Newton,. Kan.
Newton, Kan., March 30. Slain by
a robber, who stole at least $1,000 and
valuable jewelry, the body of O. A.
Bailey, a messenger, was found In the
Wells-Fargo express car of a south
bound Santa Fe train when it pulled
into Newton at 3:55 o'clock yester
Posses are scouring the country for
the 'robber and slayer and arrests
have been made In Newton and Wich
ita. Railroad and express officials are
of the opinion that the messenger was
killed with a hatchet by one man. A
bloodstained hatchet was found on
the Santa Fe right of way near Pea
body last night.-
Theories of the Crime.
The authorities have a theory that
BaneyTISfiifffed some man, whohTTie?
considered a friend to ride with him
and that this person committed the
crime while Bailey, as was his cus
tom, slept. Another theory is that
the robber entered the car unobserved
at Emporia, Strong City, or some
other point along the line and con
cealed himself until a favorable op
portunity to commit the robbery oc
curred. The train left Strong City at 2:35,
running to Newton, the division point,
where a south and west train was
made up. Florence, Kan., is the first
stop out of Strong City at which mail
is thrown off. The mail was put off
at that place as usual. N
.Saw Man With Bloody Face.
A Rock Island conductor at. this
point declared he noticed a man at
the express car door and that his face
Repeated knockings on the car at
Newton failed to arouse the agent and
the night agent entered the open door,
He found the messenger lying at the
south end of the car.
The back of the skull was crushed
and the end of the car in which it was
lying was spattered with blood. The
blood spatters reached to the ceiling.
There was no evidence of any strug
gle. Bailey was last seen alive at
Strong City. At Peabody some one
opened the car door just enough to
throw out a package of waybills and
then closed it quickly.
Two Men J a nip from Train.
When the train slowed down at the
Missouri Pacific crossing in the east
part of Newton, two men were seen
by the engineer to jump from the
train and run south.
It is believed these men were the
robbers and that .they made a detour
around the business part of town to
the west yards of the Santa Fe where
they may have bCarded Santa Fe train
No. 17, which left the depot 20 min
utes after No. 115 arrived.
Three" suspicious characters were
taken off the blind baggage of this
train when It reached Wichita and
ar6 being held for investigation.
A reward of $1,000 has been offered
by the Wells-Fargo Express , company
for the apprehension of the guilty
KENTUCKY FEUDISTS KILLED
Two Men Shot to Death and Another
Whlteburg, Ky., March. 30. Two
men were shot to death and another
seriously , wounded as the result of a
feud battle near Hemlock yesterday
morning. This Is the second active
- 'dash that has occurred between the
Osborn-Mltchell factions during the
last month. 4 As a result of the 30
shots exchanged between the factions
'Hiram Mitchell, Jr- and William Os-
- 1 born are dead and another member of
me uBuuru ' laciHju i Beriuusij
BIO STICK AGAIN?
German Emperor Prevailed Up-
on to Accept David J. Hill
OBJECTIONS ARE WITHDRAWN
Significant Statement Issued Evident
ly to Show Tower Hat Been
Fair in the Matter.
Berlin, March 30. Emperor William
having been fully advised as to the
attitude of President Roosevelt in re
gard to the alleged refusal of his ma
jesty to receive Dr. David Jayne Hill
as ambassador to Germany in succes
sion to Charlemagne Tower, has re
called all the expressions of disap
proval he recently sent to Washing
ton and would be pleased to receive
Dr. Hill as ambassador. .
The emperor has caused this view
to be j communicated to President
. Official Declaration Made.
. The German office has made the
following official declaration on the
"The notices which have appeared
hitherto in- the foreign press- in regard
to the Hill affair hare- originated in
the erroneous impression that it was
intended In Berlin to recall the ap
proval given here last autumn to Mr.
Hiu s appointment, this has never
been thought of.
"It is true that doubts subsequently
arose as to whether Air. Hill would
feel himself comfortable In the post
of American ambassador to Berlin
but these doubts have been removed
so that nothing stands iu the way of
Mr. Hill's nomination to the Berlin
embassy, and he will be welcome in
Berlin now, as he would have been
before, or as any other unobjectiona
ble representative would be who
should be named by President Roose
Conduct Haa Been Honorable.
'It is to be stated emphatically that
throughout the whole incident the am
bassador, Mr. Tower, has not swerved
foi one. instant from the straight line
absolutely loyal and honorable con
duct, both toward his own govern
ment and the imperial German gov
r It is known that Ambassador Tower
was in prolonged conference yester
day with Herr von Schoen, secretary
of foreign affairs, and with other high
German officials at ,the ministry of
foreign affairs before the text of the
official statement was settled upon.
After this conference a cablegram
was sent to Washington Informing
President Roosevelt of the emperor's
unequivocal retraction of his disap
proval of Dr. Hill. One of the officials
Feared Preatlice Would Suffer,.
T am assured by the highest au
thority that the kaiser's objections to
Dr. Hill rested exclusively on ie fear
that American' diplomatic prestige in
Germany would suffer if there should
be any diminution in the embassy's
social brilliancy. The imperial gov
ernment has particular pleasure in
stating unreservedly Aat Mr. Tower
has been the victim of wholly errone
ous aspersions in the English, Ameri
can and German press in reference
tc his alleged Intriguing."
NATIONAL BANK OF
Resumption of Business with Ridgely
at Head Hailed- by Long Line
Kansas City, March 30. The reor
ganized National Bank of Commerce,
with William B. Ridgely, former con
troller of 4the currency, as its presi
dent, was reopened this morning.
Long before the teller's windows open
ed persons stood in line awaiting the
opportunity to deposit money.
Provides for Armor.
Washington, March 30. The urgent
deficiency bill appropriation of $2,000,-
000 for armor, etc.," for vessels was to
day passed by the senate.
PENNSYLVANIA ROAD TO EMPLOY
NONE BUT AMERICANS AND VOTERS;
. Pittsburg, Pa., March 30. An order
issued by the Pennsylvania railroad to
discharge ail foreigners ajid employ
none but American citizens has caused
a sensation. '
The order affects only the laborers,
as the office force, operating and me
chanical : departments have , always
been operated - by English speaking
men. .The Pennsylvania railroad sys
tem, . when operating to its full ca
pacity, employs about 180,000 persons.
-. " v To" Employ Voters Only.
When the order was issued to the
foremen. In charge of the cleaning de-
partment at Wall, Pa, last week to
aiscnarare tne loreieners pmnlnvprt
there objections were made because
59 MINERS AND
Fifty in Rescuing Parly Caught
by the Second Explo
sion AT HANHA, WYOMING
Manx of Victims Mile Below
the Surface But Few
Hanna, March? 20. The bodies of
only five of the S9 miners and mine
officials killed in jthe ill-fated mine of
the Union Pacific Coal company by
two explosions Saturday, have been
recovered. The cher bodies probably
will not be reached for several dayB.
Fifty Reaeuera I.oat.
Hanna, Wyo., March 30. Fifty min
ers entering the ruins of collierv No
2 of the Union Pacific mine to rescue
18 men who werejeaught in a previous
explosion ssaturuay were entombed by
a second crash. There is no hope they
will escape, as all who were not in
stantly killed will be suffocated by
deadly after dampi
Among the victims of the second
explosion were State Mine Inspector
D. M. Ellas and practically the entire
official force of the three local unions.
Flrat Exploaioo Follows Fire.
The first explosion was caused fey
gas which had Beeped through the
walls which had been built In front of
the sections of the workings which
had been on fire since Saturday. The
18 men killed were caught more than
a mile below the surface and were cut
off from escape by the flames, which
rapidly spread throughout the shaft.
The rescuing party immediately was
formed and sent into the shaft It was
composed of the officials and the grav
est ot the mining force; all of the mem
bers being volunteers in the Bervice.
Reached Pnrt of Victim.
They had reached part of the pre
vious victims and the work of bring
ing out the dead was begun when the
second crash came. A party of five
men, the first of the rescuers who were
returning, were caught by the explo
sion just at the opening of the shaft.
Each of the men was bearing on
his back the body of a victim.
Four of the five were burled under
falling earth and stones by the force
of the second explosion, while -the
fifth, the . leader in the pitiful proces
sion, ' escaped, although seriously in
jured. He declared the others were
Second Party at Work.
A second relief party now is at work
attempting to wall off the burning sec
tion of the mine, and if they succeed
an attempt will be male to penetrate
to the lower levels where the victims
of the two explosions lie.
MAN AND WOMAN FOUND DEAD
Music Teacher and Public School
Teacher Tragedy's Victims.
Cleveland, Ohio, March 30. The
bodies of a man and woman, the for
mer believed to be that of Carl Bern-
thaler, a music teacher, and the latter
Miss Lena Zeichmann, a public school
teacher, were found In a field near
Euclid Heights, a suburb, today. Both
had been shot through the heart It
is believed either both were murdered
or else the man killed the woman and
then shot himself.
Crumpacker Will Run Again.
Michigan City, Ind., March 30. The
republican convention of the Tenth
Indiana district today nominated Ed
gar D. Crumpacker for congress for
the sixth time. ' -
TO BE DISCHARGED
the non-English speaking workmen
were, giving satisfaction, and having
been trained to the work, a new crew
of Americans would have to be bro
A peremptory order came down to
obey . the orders, and further instruc
tions were given to the effect that
none but voters hereafter will be car
ried on the pay roll. . .
Meaaa Move In Polities.
This led to the belief that the Penn
sytvanla railroad is going to take a
hand in the coming presidential elec
tion and ia preparing to give employ
ment to men who, can use their bal
lots to help Bave the corporation from
further political hindrance in its op-
eratlons. " ;
THREE IN THE VAY
Cannon, Payne and Dalzell Said
to bo Blocking Free Print
Paper and Pulp.
KEEP TARIFF WALL INTACT
And Thereby Allow Trust to Squeeze
$60,000,000 Year Out of the Press
and the People.
Washington, March 30. A resolu
tion was introduced in the bouse today
by Fuller . of Illinois calling on the
ways and means committee "to report
to the house the bill to repeal all du
ties on wood pulp and print paper," to
the end that action may be taken
thereon at the present session of con
New York, March 30. (Argus Spe
cial.) Herman Rltter, president of
the American Newspaper association,
an organization formed for the purpose
of opposing the robbery being prac
ticed on publisners by the news print
trust, Saturday night sent out to all
members of the Associated Press
throughout the country, urging them
to telegraph immediately to Speaker
J. G. Cannon, and Representatives Ser
eno E. Payne and John Dalzell of the
national house of representatives, pe
titioning them to advance the bill plac
ing print paper and wood pulp on the
free list, and setting forth that prpmpt
action Is Imperative. "We have writ
ten pledges of the majority of both
houses of congress In favor of the
measure," says Mr. Ritter, but these
men are holding it back." , .
Three Leader Opposing".
The Argus received the telegram
which Is referred to above, and which
Indicates that the three house leaders,
one of them the. speaker and a candi
date for the republican nomination for
the presidency, are yielding to the bid
ding of the print paper trust which it
was recently shown made $60,000,000
last year, and not only retarding but
blocking legislation for the relief of
the newspapers throughout the land
which are paying enormous tributes to
this robber concern.
And yet they say the trusts are not
dictating national legislation. What
the paper trust can do In the control
of its commodity, the other" gigantic
combinations can do in controlling the
other necessities of ' life and thereby
holding up the people.
ON SHIP WHICH
Battleship Missouri Ray
mond Campbell Serves
on Has Gun Blown Up
Washington, March 30. During tar
get practice Saturday at ' Magdalena
bay, 140 inches of the muzzle of one
of the 6-inch broadside guns of the
Missouri blew off. The fracture was
a clean one and did not indicate any
flaw in the metal. Practice was con
tinued. The gun will be replaced by
a new one from the Washington navy
yard. No one was injured.
Rock Island Boy Aboard.
The battleship Missouri is the one
on which Raymond C Campbell, son
of Mrs. M. R. Iglehart of this city, is
serving. A letter from Raymond was
published in Saturday's Argus. The
fact that no one was injured in the
accident shows that no anxiety is war
PEACE AT JUNEAU, ALASKA
Mines All Running Save One Sol-
A dlers- Advent Unexpected. -
Juneau, Alaska, - March 30. Com
pany ,. F, .10th infantry, . arrived at
Treadwell en the army' steamer 'Peter
son yesterday morning with: orders
from General Brush at Vancouver to
aid the local marshals. ... . ' ' .
The arrival of the troops was- un
expected. There is no disorder here,
Several arrests of miners for carry
ing concealed ' weapons have .been
made. A peace committee of the onion
Is keeping a strict patrol of the town.
Superintendent - Kinzle said 10 eases
of powder were stolen from the Tread-
well mine. This is denied by union
leaders. , . . - .;. .' ,'v".
Kinzie claims a full surface crew,
and alt mines' are running save the
Seventh . Hundred, which is on half
time. ..--.- - ; h ..
Seventy-four, underground .men ar
rived on. the last two boats, according
to .Kinzle.; The union - leaders say
nearly the entire working force is out;
' Dies- at Age of 105 Year.: ;
Bushnell, . Ill-March - 30. Robert
CHESTER GILLETTE DIES IN CHAIR
FOR ATROCIOUS MURDER OF GRACE
BROWN IN ADIRONDACK MOUNTAINS
Cane of Bushnell, one of the oldest
pioneers of the state, is dead here.
Mr. Caive is known as the oldest man
in, western Illinois, being in his 105th
year at the time of his death.
UNDER CLAY BANK
Herbert L. Harcom, Davenport
Laborer, Killed Working
In Sewer Trench.
IFE INSTANTLY CRUSHED OUT
Body Unrecovered for an Hour and 20
Minutes Companion Has a
Herbert L. Harcom, living at 628
Marquette street, Davenport, was kill
ed in a cavein of a clay bank while
working in a ditch Saturday after
noon. Mr. Harcom had sub-contracted
to excavate for a sewer connection at
LeCIaire street, below Grand avenue.
He was working in the bottom of The
ditch, which was 15, feet deep, and
had two companions.
The first portion of the bank when
it gave way covered Harcom and
caught one of 'the other laborers,
Michael Keefe, pinning down the low
er half of his .body. While help was
being given Keefe another section of
earth weighing several tons fell upon
Under Ground Over aa Hoar. -
Keefe was finally pulled out unhurt,
but it took an hour and 20 minutes to
reach Harcom, and by that time he
had suffocated if the weight of the
mass did not kill him instantly.
Harcom was of middle age, and
leaves his wife and an adopted daugh
PRAISE RURAL MAIL SERVICE
I Experts Declare it Brings in Money
...... iiiumh ui buvina.'iMW. .. ..
Washington, March 30. Replying to
the charge that rural delivery is the
cause of the deficit in the postal of
fice," experts declare the service has
brought about an increase in postal
receipts. There has also, it is said,
been a saving of more than $12,000,000
on account of closing small postofflces
and discontinuing star routes.
The scheme of improving the high
ways of New York state, as contem
plated by the 60 million bond issue,
has gained the support of the postal
authorities, who see in it a chance
for better rural service. Of the 74,000
miles of public highways in the state
41,116 miles are daily traveled by 1,
793 rural carriers at a cost to the
federal government of $1,549,000 a
Although the York state roads are
above the average,1- only 1,342 mileB
are macadamized, the remainder being
gravel, sand or earth.
WELLS ASSAILANT ANGERS
Telluride, Colo., Citizens Resent At
tempt to Murder Former Official.
'. Telluride, Colo., March 30. The lo
cal miner union's ridicule of the'dyna
miting of General Bulkeley Wells is
resented by citizens, who declare
they will not allow the camp to be
further .dominated by the federation.
Many threaten to lynch Steve 'Adams,
Who is in jail here awaiting trial on
a charge of murdering Arthur Collins,
saying they think the attempt to kill
Wells was due to the belief that with
him out of the way, Adams would be
The federation has been gaining
control here for some time, and has
250 members working on the Tom
Boy. The Liberty Bell recently was
shut down because the federation pro
tected miners said to have stolen ore
from the mine.
Many men deported from . Cripple
Creek and this camp during ' : the
trouble in 1904 have been coming
here lately. Officers - fear an. attempt
to liberate Adams will be made. :
TROTTING DATES ARE FIXED
Central Illinois Circuit Meets Open at
Cambridge Aug. 12.
Kewanee, I1L,- March 30. The pro
gram' for the race meets of the Central
Illinois Trotting and Pacing associa
tion was adopted at a meeting, here
Saturday. Kewanee, Bradford and
Cambridge decided to offer $1,000
stakes this season.; Cambridge will
open the-circuit season Aug. 12, and
other cities . follow In. succeeding
weeks in this order;' Cambridge? Ke
wanee, Princeton, Sandwich, Aledo..
Goes to House Banking Committee.
Washington, March 30. The AldH
rich financial bill reached the house
today and the speaker referred it to
the committee on - banking and cur
Walks to TJeath With Same In
difference as Shown
HAD MADE CONFESSION
Ministers Who Gave Spiritual
Advice Say No Mistake
Auburn, N. Y, March 30. Chester
E. Gillette today paid the full penalty
for the brutal murder of Grace Brown.
He went to death in the electric chair
at the Auburn prison without a sign
of weakness and with the same lack of
emotion which has characterized him
from the day he was arrested charged
with the crime. -
Reconciled to His Fate.
Gillette appeared to have been fully
reconciled to his fate, and in a state
ment given out by his spiritual ad
visers immediately after the execu
tion, it is indicated he had made a
confession of his guilt The state
ment is signed by Rev. Henry Mc
Ilravy of Little Falls, and Rev. Cor-
dello Herrick, the prison chaplain, who
had attended Gillette since he had
been in the death cell at prison. It
No Leg-al Miatake Made.
Because our: relationship, with
Chester Gillette was privileged, we do
not deem it wise to make a detailed
statement. We simply wish to say no
legal mistake was made in his electro
Gillette himself,, so far as the public
was concerned, - never admitted the
crime." His last words, in the form of
a statement, which he prepared with .
painstaking care .last night was
mililn mihltr- nftrr Yin Vind Kim tihi -tn .
r 1 . . i m un yub.w
death this :mornlng., . In . this . state- ,
ment Gillette implored young men to ' '
lead Christian lives.
" So Fear ot Death.
Any fear which prison officials may
have entertained that Gillette's re
markable composure would desert him
at the last moment, was quickly dis
pelled when, he stepped from the cell
to the corridor leading to the death
chamber. His step was firm and
strong, and he walked rapidly toward
the instrument of death. Not even by
the quiver of an eyelash did he be
tray the least sign of emotion, and at
no stage did he require assistance
from the keepers and his spiritual ad
visers who accompanied him in his
last walk. He seated himself In the
chair, the straps and electrodes were
placed, and within two minutes Gil
lette had been officially pronounced
dead. --'- ' v
Murder Moat Atracloaa.
The crime for which Chester E. Gil
lette was sentenced to forfeit his life
in the, electric chair in Auburn today
was the murder of his sweetheart.
Grace Brow, near Bin Moose in the
Adirondacks, July 11, 1906. Gillette
was convicted on circumstantial evi
dence after a sensational trial In
which the pathetic love letters of
:Billyu. Brown, as the girl was famil
iarly known among her associates, to
Gillette, played an important part. -
Iettera of Clastic Simplicity.
The girl who perished in the waters
of Big Moose lake had trusted Gillette
to make amends for the wrong he had
done her by making her his wife, and
her . letters which were found In the
young man's room after his arrest at
Eagle Bay, have been considered by
many as classic in their simplicity,
and their tender pleading for the
right that was her ue. . ,
TEN PER CENT CUT
IS FELT BY 60,000
Stagnation in Cotton Business Given
as Cause of Reduction in Wages
Boston, Mass, March 30. A general
reduction of 10 per cent in the wages
of New England, cotton mills opera
tives which was recently decided upon
became effective today in . mills em
ploying 60,000- persons. . Next Monday
the movement will apply to as many
more.' The reduction is due to the de
pression In the cotton goods market
Takes Testimony for Hughes.
Albany, ; N. Y.; March 30. Charie
Andrews, former chief justice of 'the ;
missloner to ;take testimony for,.. the
governor m ' the , matter of charges
against District Attorney Jerome,