Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-SEVENTH YE Alt. NO. 178.
THE ARGUS, WEDNESDAY. MAY 33, 1908.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
CONFERENCE FOR CONSERVATION
OF NATION'S RESOURCES OPENS
WITH LEADING MEN ATTENDING
President Calls an Important
Meeting to Order at the
DELIVERS AN ADDRESS
Points Out the Alarming Con
ditions That Have Result
ed From Waste.
Washington, " May 1... The W hite
house was the scene today of an as
semblage of many of the most distin
guished figures in political and indus
trial life of the nation. The occasion
was the conference hy President Roose
velt with the governors of practically
all states and territories to consider
the broad question of conservation of
the country's natural resources. The
conference will continue through Fri
ItrpCTHrnt Different Interests.
Representing the government was
the president of the United States, vice
president, cabinet, justices of the UnH
Tea boics supreme court, anil mem
bers of both houses of congress. The
states were represented by their chief
executives and conferees appointed by
them. The industries were represent
ed by Andrew Carnegie, James J. Hill.
John Mitchell, and Dr. 1. C. White of
West Virginia, perhaps the leading ex
pert on coal in the United States. The
specially invited guests included Wil
liam Jennings Bryan, Judge George
Gray, and Governor John A. Johnson.
To Suve ItrHoiircrH of l.nnil anil Water.
The subjects to bo considered in
clude the use and conservation of min
eral resources and resources of land
and water. The conference is the out
growth of a recommendation of the in
land waterways conventions to the
Ixuig . before .10 o'clock, when the
conference was called to order in the
famous east room of the White house
. by the president, those who took part
in the great gathering began, to ar
rive. The president received the gov
ernors, and shortly thereafter assem
bled in the east room. '
1 1 nonet rlt Spruks First.
The conference opened with the pres
ident's address on "Conservation .as a
National Duty," in which he-, said:
"I welcome you to this conference
at the White house. You have come
hither at my request so that we may
join together to consider the question
of the conservation and use of the
great fundamental sources of wealth
of this nation. So vital is this ques
tion, that for the first time in our his
tory the chief executive officers qf the
states separately, and of the states
together forming the nation, have met
to consider it.
Are Familiar With !rrln.
"With the governors come men from
each state chosen for their special ac
quaintance with the terms of the proli-
lem that is before us. Among them
are experts in natural resources, and
representatives of national organiza
tions concerned In the development
and use of these resources; the sena
tors and representatives in congress;
the supreme court, the cabinet, and
the inland waterways commission
have likewise been Invited to the con
ference, which is therefore national in
a peculiar, sense.
"This conference on the conserva
tion of natural resources is in effect a
meeting oft the representatives of all
the people of the United States called
to consider the weightiest problem now
before the nation; and the occasion
for the meeting lies in the fact that
the natural resources of our country
are In danger of exhaustion if we per
mit the old "wasteful methods of ex
ploiting them longer to continue.
ICarli Man Demand More.
"With' the rise of .peoples from sav
agery to civilization, and with the
' consequent growth iu the extent and
variety of the needs of the average
MAN DIES OF WOUND
MADE BY DAUGHTER
Death Follows Girl's Intervention With
'' ' Rifle to Save Mother From . ,
;V" V Assault. .' . ' l
Waterloo, Iowa", May 13. While de
fending her mother from assault with
a hammer, lu the hand of her father.
Mont Fleming, Maude Fleming, aged
25, last Saturday. 'stayed, the hand of
the assailant with a bullet from a 22-
calibre rlOe which she; sent into'his
brain. . The man' dropped to the floor
unconscious, and died from his wounds
yesterday. ... ' '
man, there comes a steadily increasing
growth of the amount . demanded by
this average man from the actual re
sources of the country. Yet, rather
curiously, at the same time the aver
age man is apt to lose his realization
of this dependence upon nature.
"Savages, and very primitive peo
ples generally, concern themselves
only with superficial natural resources;
with tliwse which they obtain from the
actual surface of the ground. As peo
ples become a little less primitive,
their industries, although in a rude
manner, are extended to resources be
low the surface; then, with what we
call civilization and. the extension of
knowledge, more resources come into
use, industries arc multiplied, and
foresight begins to become a necessary
and prominent factor in life. Crops
are cultivated, animals are domestica
ted, and metals are mastered. -
l'ne More Natural KettonrrrM.-
"Every step of the progress of man
kind is marked by the discovery and
use of natural resources previously
unused. Without such progressive
knowledge and utilization of natural
resources population could not grow,
nor industries multiply, nor the hidden
wealth of the earth be developed for
the benefit of mankind.
"From' the first beginnings of civil
ization, on the banks of the Nile and
the Euphrates, the industrial progress
of the world has gone on slowly, with
occasional setbacks, but ou the whole
steadily, through tens of centuries to
the' present day. But of late the rapid
ity of tho process has increased at
such a rate that more space has been
actually covered during the century
and a qnarter occupied by our national
life than during the preceding 6,000
years that take us back to the earliest
monuments of Egypt, to the earliest
cities of the Babylonian plain.
Striking; Chapter in History.
"The growth of this nation by leaps
and bounds makes one of the most
striking and important chapters in the
history of the world. Its growth has
been due to the rapid development,
and, alas, that it should be said,, to the
rapldv destruction of, our natural re
sources. Nature has supplied to.ns in
the United States, and still supplies to
us, more kinds of resources in a more
(lavish degree than has ever been the
case at any time or with any other
people. Our position in the world has
been attained by the extent and thor
oughness of the control we have
achieved over nature; but we are
more, and not less, dependent upon
what she furnishes than at any pre
vious time of history since the days
of primitive man. ,
"It is safe to say that the prosperity
of our people depends directly on the
energy and intelligence with which our
natural resources are used. It is equal
ly clear that these resources are the
final basis of national power and per
petuity. Finally, it is ominously evi
dent . that these resources" are in the
course of rapid exhaustion.
Once Believed Inexhnnntlble.
This nation began with the belief
that its landed possessions were il
limitable and capable of supporting all
tBe people who might care to make our
counlry their home; but already the
limit of unsettled land is hi sight, and
indeed but little land fitted for agri
culture now remains unoccupied save
what can be reclaimed by irrigation
and drainage. We began with an un-
approached heritage of forests; more
than half of the timber is gone. We
began with coal fields more extensive
than those of any other nation and
with iron ores regarded as inexhausti
ble, and many experts now declare
that the end of both iron and coal is
in sight. .
- Ulvea Striking Figures.
"The mere increase in our consump
tion of coal during 1907 over 190G ex
ceeded the total consumption in 187G,
the centennial year The enormous
stores of mineral oil and gas are large
ly gone. Our natural waterways are
not gone, but they have been so in
jured by neglect, and by the division
of responsibility and utter lack of sys
tern in dealing with them, that there
is less navigation on them now than
there was 50 years ago. Finally, we
began with soils of unexampled fer
tility, and we" have so Impoverished
them by injudicious uso and by failing
to check erosion that their crop pro
ducing power is diminishing instead of
increasing. In a word, we have thought
lessly, and to a large degree, vunneces
sarily, diminished the resources upon
which not only, our prosperity but the
prosperity of our children must al
ways depend.' ,
, Great Through l.nvlnk Vae. . v
"We nave become great because of
the lavish use of our resources'' and
we have just reason to be proud of
our growth. ' But the time hascome to
Inquire seriously what will , happen
when our forests are gone, when' the
coal, the iron, the oil, and the gas are
exhausted," when the soils shall have
been still further impoverished and
washed into the streams, polluting the
rivers, denuding the fields, . and ob-
Man Suspected of Murder of
Gunness Family Declares He
- Has Not Confessed.
CLEWS BEING FOLLOWED UP
Banks Give Coroner Aid in La Porte
Case Woman Advertised Under
Three Different Names.
La Porte, Iud., May 13. Mrs. Gun
ness' hired man, Ray Lamphere, vigor
ously denied today he had made any
confession or promised any to Rev. E.
A. Schell or to any one else.
At the conference of officials of the
three J.a Porte banks today it was de
termined the. most effective way 'in
aiding the authorities in "untangling
the murder mysteries was to-furnish a
list of all transactions in which Mrs.
Gunness paid out, deposited or receiv
ed mot eyX,, With a complete list of this
kind ' Prosecutor Smith expects he will
be able to secure valuable informa
tion. - .
. .V Identify Watch hriliilnn.
La Porte-, May 13. One 4 of 'the
watches found iu the ruins of the Gun
ness home was'thown today to be the
watch of Ole Uudsberg, one of the sup
posed victims of Mrs. Gunness from
tola, Wis. t . v
Coroner Iack today received from
Osage City, Kan., a communication in
quiring concerning Utuil Tell, who left
that city some time ago to come to
La Porte. Tell is said to have, had
$3"0)n with him when be left the west
ern town, and his relatives have heard
nothing from him since
.Worked imdrr Three NameM.
B. J. Hunter, the mail carrier" "on
whose route the Gunness farm is situ
ated, said todayrMrs. Gunness carried
ou her matrimouial business under
ihree different names., He declared he
had delivered scores of letters to Mrs.
Gunness under the names of "Mrs
Belle Sorenson," "Mrs. Belle Gunness"
and "Mrs. Jennie Hinklcy."
structing navigation. These questions
do not relate only to the next century
or to the next generation. It is time
for us now as a nation to exercise the.
same reasonable foresight in dealing
with our great natural resources that
would be shown by any prudent man.
No wise use of, a farm exhausts its
fertility. So with the forests. We are
over the verge of a timber famine in
this counlry, and it is unpardonable
for the nation or tho states to permit
any further cutting of our timber save
in accordance with a system which
will provide that the next generation
shall see the timber increased instead
of diminished. ' ' --
Can Add to I'rortuctlvcne.
"Moreover, we can , add enormous
tracts of the most valuable possible
agricultural land to the national do
main by irrigation in the arid and
semi-arid regions and by drainage of
great tracts of swamp laud in the
humid regions. We can enormously in
crease our transportation facilities "by
the canalization of our rivers so as to
complete a great system of waterways
on the Pacific, Atlantic and gulf coasts
and in the. Mississippi valley, from the
great plains to the Alleghenies aud
from the northern lakes to the mouth
of the mighty Father of Waters. But
all these various uses of our natural
resources are so closely connected that
they should be coordinated, and should
be treated as part of one coherent
plan and not in haphazard and piece
"Any right thinking father earnest
ly desires and strives to leave his son
both an untarnished name and a rea
sonable equipment for the struggle of
life. So this nation as & whole should
earnestly desire and strive to leave to
the next generation the national honor
unstained and the natural resources
Ol hern. Follow Prrwhlrnt.
The president was followed by ad
dresses by Andrew Carnegie, Dr. I. C.
White, and John Mitchell;
Hold a Reception. ,
The president was, frequently inter
rupted by. applause and cheers. A
committee on resolutions was appoint
ed, and the first session; ended at noon
Subsequently the president and vice
president gave an informal reception,
after which they, .with the governors
and specially invited guests assembled
on the Whito house portico where sev
eral group photographs .were made.
THREE RIVALS ARE CHUMMY
Bryan, Johnson and Fairbanks Journey
. , f Together to Washington. .
Upper Sandusky, , Qhio, May 13.-
When the Pennsylvania train stopped
here at S;30 yesterday morning Wil
tiam Jennings- Bryan, Governor John
A. Johnson of Minnesota,- and Vice
President Fairbanks were at breakfast
in the diner. The train wa3 here sev
eral minutes " while "passengers and
baggage were being, transferred. They
said Ihey had boarded the train at Chi
cago Monday night,' each ignorant of
the others presence.' Their meeting
was most cordial and they decided at
once to make'tbeir'trip to Washington
as mutually enjoyable as possible. - '
THAT H AT AT THE , BALL GAME
N ( TAOSTFtltvES. 'II TJ-
IF MY HA"t"i V . 1 AND t-M-J J '
s -E &AV? m w&-fi) cake- WMfrsk
SS'i routs JMa trt5.r7f MttNr fcjj
BRYAN URGES FRIENDS TO MAKE NO
STAND TO GET MINNESOTA SUPPORT
Reports of Impending Clash With J)hnson in State Seem Un
founded Fairbanks Stays in Race Hughes
Will Not Take Second Place.
St. Paul, Minn.. May 13. it was per
sistently rumored today William J.
Bryan had sent word to his lieuten
ants in this stale to act in a conserv
ative manner in making a light against
the candidacy of Governor Johnson
for the democratic nomination. The
report could not be confirmed.
Bryan leaders were in conference
the greater part of the day and refus
ed to say what action had been de
termined upon. They declared the
story that they intended to hold a
rump convention tomorrow in the
event, of their , losing., oirt in the con
tests before the committee on creden
tials is premature.
Knlrhnnkn Hacker Confident.
Indianapolis, Ind., May 13. Joseph
B. Kealing, one of the political mana
gers for Vice President Charles W.
Fairbanks, has issued the following
"There is not a word of truth in the
report sent out from Washington last
night that the field was to be left open
for Taft. Those reiorts arc sent out
to mislead the public in regard to real
Indiana will present tjie name of
Vice President Jairbanks to the re
publican national convention in June,
and he has a better chance for the
nomination today than at any time
since the campaign began."
fio Second I'lnce for HugheM.
New York, May 13. Governor
Hughes in a letter to General Stewart
L. Woodford announces formally that
he would not be able to accept a nom
ination for the vice presidency and
even if elected could not serve. The
Contest . Between Debs and Haywood
So Keen Neither May Be
Chicago, May 13. Delegates to the
socialist national convention in ses
sion here made In tie progress yester
day in the direction of an agreement
on policies or candidates. The greater
part of the brief session held yesterday
afternoon was devoted to arguments
b representatives of contesting dele
gations from western states. In and
out of convention, the contest between
Eugene V. Debs and William D. Hay
wood for the presidential nomination
was -the subject 'of much discussiou
and probabilities are neither -will be
The-committee on platform put in
a busy session last night. Thfej ideas of
its members are-said to be widely di
vergent and it is thought a hot fight
is brewing over platform declarations
RAILROADS HONOR MURPHY
All Work Stops During Funeral of Late
! . ' Officer of Queen & Crescent.
Cincinnati,' Ohio, May 13. As the
C ' . 1 . . . 1 - it 1 J 11m.
uuierai cortege wnu me oouy 01 w up;
liam Murphy, vice president' of the
Queen and Crescent line and nresident
of several other railroad's was proceed
ing to the ' cemetery all business on
the big railroad system paused for full
five" minutes; - -Every train stood still
and every employe ceased, labors dur
ing that time a3 a mark of respect
to their ,late chief. .
f t V I
f. I . - ' "
governor's letter was given out here
yesterday. It reads:
"I have not said anything publicly
regarding the vice presidency, as the
matter has not been broached to me
in a way which seemed to require any
action on my part. But I do not de
sire to have' my silence misinterpreted,
and you, as a delegate to the conven
tion, are entitled to an unequivocal
statement. You are entirely right in
your assumption as to my attitude.
"I should not care to be thought
lacking in appreciation of the distinc
tion of the office. But for leasons
which are controlling, and leave no
room for discussion, and though I
would be deeply sensible of the honor
thereby conferred, I should not be able
to' accept, and would not in any con
tingency accept, a nomination for the
vice presidency. ' And even were I
elected, I could not serve.
"CHARLES E. HUGHES."
MIchlKHir for Tnft.
Grand Rapids, Mich., May 13. The
republican state convention here yes
terday named four delegates at large
to the Chicago convention, elected two
presidential electors and a chairman of
the state central committee. The del
egates at large, who are instructed for
Taft, are: E. D. Stair, John W. Blodg
ett, F. W. Gilchrist, and James Mc
Naughton. The only contest in prospect was for
the state chairmanship, for which
George J. Cook of Flint was a candi
date against Congressman G. J. Die
kema of Holland, "who has hejd the
position for several years. Diekema
w as chosen.
IN PRISON MUTINY
Russians Break Walls With Bomb, But
Are Shot Down by Guards When
They Reach Outside.
Yekaterinoslav, Russia, May 13.
The prisoners in the government jail
here made an attempt td break out
yesterday afternoon. Their effort was
attended with a heavy loss of life.
After making a breach in the wall of
the guard room with a bomb, the pris
oners lined up and made a rush to get
through the opening.-
In the meanwhNe the guard bad been
summoned, and 10 of the prisoners
who bad succeeded in getting outside
the walls were shotUo death. Four
other mutineers were killed arid many
wounded in the interior of the prison.
FIST FIGHT IN THE SENATE
' ' ' r ' ';
Oklahoma Solons Tangle Up Over a
Question of Privilege. - ,
Guthrie, Okla., May 13. State Sena
tors Johnson and Matthews engaged in
a fist fight on the. floor of the senate
here yesterday. .They were separated
by the sergeant-at-anna. Johnson be
lieved Matthews was questioning his
right to vote on a bill making an ap
propriation . for defraying expenses of
the . constitutional convention.. ': ' '
Rail Dividends Declared V
v New York, May 13. Regular divi
dends of. 2' per ' cent quarterly on
Union Paciflc; common stock, 1 per
cent Quarterly on ssoutneni Pacific com
mnn and 3tt n .nr nMwi-annnallw
DISASTROUS TORNADO STARTS AT
OMAHA AND LEAVES A PATHWAY 1
OF DESTRUCTION THROUGH TOWNS
on Southern Pacific preferred were de
clared by the directors of these com
MEET TO FORM A
Local Option Forces to Hold a Ses
sion at Y. M. C. A. for that
Purpose in the Morning
In accordance with a call issued by
the union meeting of the local option
forces of the two cities held at the Con
gregational church, Moline, May 3, a
meeting looking to the organization of 3
county local option league will be held
tomorrow morning at 10 o'clock at the
Y. M. C. A. auditorium. Representa
tives from the various leagues in the
county will be present and the meet
ing will be open to all persons inter
ested in the movement.
CHURCH PROGRAM ARRANGED
Good Entertainment at Edgewood Bap
The Ladies' Aid society of the Edge
wood Baptist church has arranged an
attractive program for the entertain
ment to be given tomorrow evening at
the church for the benefit of the
I church. The program in detail fol
Piano, "Silvery Waves" Wyman
Miss Emma Bollman.
Violin duet, '.'Sparkling Waves"
.' Misses Elva Jahn, Lila Dontin.
Accompanist. Miss Laura Daebelliehn
Tenor, "Dreams" Strelezki
Accompanist, Miss Mary Dickman.
Violinccllo, "Berceuse from Jocelyn
Miss Hazel Munger.
Accompanist, Miss Marjorie Head.
Baritone, "Bedouin Love Song"
, Thomas Hawkes.
Accompanist. Miss Bertha Jonassen
Reading, "Dinkelspiel on-Cnrin-a-
Miss Laura Davis.
Ladies quartet, "When Billows Are
The Misses Murphy.
Piano, Nocturne in F Chopin
Miss Agnes Johnson.
Miss Cora Tanner.
Accompanist, Miss Margaret Flack.
Male quartet, "Summer Idyll". . .Kratz.
J. H. Stoutemyer, John Graham,
Thomas I (awkes, N. P. Tucker.
Accompanist, Miss Cora Tiegreen.
Piano, "Secoifd Valse"
.'. Benjamin Godard
Miss Margaret Flacx.
Tenor, "Afterwards". .John W. Mullen
R. M. Cloud as.
Accompanist. Miss Grace Holcomb.
Reading, "What a Little Boy Thinks
About Things" John Paul
Miss Laura Davis.
Soprano, "The Day Is Ended". Bartlett
Mrs. Albert Ellison.
Violin Obligate Miss Florence Freistat.
Accompanist, Miss Edna Bisant.
MORE GOLD SENT TO PARIS
Additional Shipment Brings Total Mov
ed Lately Up to $18,250,000.
New York, May 13. The movement
of gold to Europe, which was begun
several weeks ago, and then tempor
arily ceased, was resumed today when
$4,750,000 was engaged for shipment
to Paris. Thi3 makes a total of $18,
250,000 engaged for the pYesent move
YESTERDAY IN CONGRESS
Washington, May 13. Following are
In brief the proceedings of -the two
houses of congress yesterday as taken
from the official records:
SENATE The cenatd passed the
postofliee . appropriation bill, rarryinfe
amounts aggregating: J229,o:7,367. As
passed, the bill allows SI wr dav ex
penses for railway postal clerks when
away from , terminals. ' Amendments
adopted by the senate provide for
weighing the mails annually instead of
every four years. Senator Rayner spoke
on his resolution directing the president
10 oraer a court or inoulrv into charges
againsi ..oionei wiuiam r . Stewart, u
b. A., now stationed at Fort- Grant.
Arizona, -and read a letter from the
president giving reasons for the action
mat - naa oeen TRKen against colone
Stewart, which the senator declared to
be trivial. Ho gave notice that he
would call the resolution up for action
today. Several pension bills were pass-
en, ana at b:.u p. m. me senate aa
iotirned till today. ...
IIOUSK After a debate lasting nrae
.tlcally the entire session the house by
a vote of 136 to 1Z4 agreed to th eon
ference report on the naval- approprla
tion bill. The insertion of, a new pn
vision relating to inrreas .in pay for
oflieera -and men of the marine corps
and navy drew forth a good deal of
criticism of the 'conferees, wnn were
charged with having taken liberties
and with having violated the trust re
posed In -them by the- house. The bill
now goes to the president. It was an
nounced . that the currencv hill wonlil
- be considered and disposed of Thurs
1 next- AK 6J9 P- .n.-the house took
rcceaa until 11:20 b. m. todmv.
Loss of Life' May be Score
. With Half a Hundred
OAMAGE HAIFA MILLION
Weather Bureau Warns That
Conditions Favor Another
Omaha. May 13. Reports which
come in slowly today from the tornado
stricken district south of this city add-.
ed three victims to the list of dead.
and placed the monetary damage, at a
half million dollars. The list of injur
ed, some of ,wbom are fatally hurt.
will reach at least 50.
Nearly every one of the five town3
in the path of the storm Bellevue,
Papillion, Richfield. Meadows, and
Louisville were badly wrecked, and
the village of Fort Creek and the post
at that point suffered heavy damage.
Condition Knvor A net her.
Omaha, Neb., May 13. The weather
bureau has issued a warning declar
ing conditions in Eastern Nebraska
this morning were exactly similar to
those existing yesterday just before
the cyclone and that cyclonic disturb
ances may be expected this afternoon
('me ljte In Aftrrnooa.
Omaha, . Neb.. May 13. Fourteen
persons are known to have been killed
and a score injured by a tornado
which swept over the northern part
of Sarpy county at 5 o'clock yester
The storm, which gained velocity on
its way south, started fn Omaha about
4:30. At feellevue the college build
ings were damaged to the extent of
probably $30,000, and several persons
were injured, none fatally.- Tho storm
then moved on to Louisville, Richfield,
and Springfield, where the principal
damage and loss of life occurred.
1. 1st of Dead.
The casualty list, so far as known.
is as follows1:
HESTER, MRS. FRANK, near Lou-
LEADER, CHARLES, near Rich
field. J -
TWO UNKNOWN, at Louisville, vil
ge. SEVEN PERSONS, names unknown,
iu a sandpit near Louisville.
MARTIN. CHARLES, fatally injur
ed, near Meadow.
The storm was the most severe that
ever struck eastern Nebraska, ine
damage to the college buildings at
Bellevue was heavy. The tower was
blown from Park hall and the building
wrecked. Lowry hall and Rankin hall
were unroofed. ,
Indents Saved la Baaroeat.
The panicstricken students ran to
the basement, and ' In this way
many fatalities were probably averted.
The college stables were wrecked and
all the horses killed. A number of
small buildings and stores in the vil
lage were blown down.
Moving south the tornado struck
Fort Crook, damaging several of the;
barracks buildings, but nobody was In
jured. In- the town of Fort Crook.
however; a number of buildings "were.
entirely wTecked and other damage
done. v .
Soldier Parade la Harrlraae.
An officer from Fort Crook arrived in
the city last night, and stated that the
damage to the buildings would amount
to tlOO.OOO at the army post alone, and
that the village is almost a total
wreck. A remarkable scene occurred
when the officers .realized that a torna
do had struck the post Six hundred
troops of the 16th regiment were
brought to bat all ion formation, and, in
the midst of flying roofs and other de
bris, they - were marched across the
parade ground to the substantial build
ings, where they were put at "rest"
and took to the cellars.-', The roofs of
several of the large buildings were
blown off and other damage done.
The storm lifted, and dipped at In
tervals continuing to move southward.
doing much damage to farm property.
The first town struck Was Pappilllon,
eight miles south of! South Omaha. At
that point the damage was not great,
the funnel shaped cloud . apparently
lifting sufficiently to pass the town
w'thout serious damage; ; .--; ' ,.;
It again descended, however as the
storm moved toward 'Richfield, four
miles south of sPapplllion, -
At Louisville half the 'town was
wrecked and at least eight persons lost
their lives., Mrs. Frank Hester was
killed in her home.; Seven men who
took refuge In a sand ' pit north of
town were killed outright. - ' ;