Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-SEVENTH YE Alt. NO. - 214.
THE ARGUS. WEDNESDAY. JUNE 21. 1908. TEN PAGES.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
DEATH CLAIMS THE ONLY AMERICAN EX
GROVER CLEVELAND IS
SUDDENLY CALLED AT
HIS PRINCETON HOWIE
Fresh Attack of Old Malady Coming On Over Night
Causos Him to Sink Rapidly and He Finally
Passes Away at 8:40 in the Morning. -
WIFE AT THE BEDSIDE
Details of Last Moments Not
Related at Request of
Princeton, N. J., June 24. Grover
Cleveland died at 8:40 this morning.
The following statement signed by
Drs. Joseph D. Bryant, George R.
Lockwood and J. M. R. Carnochan was
"Cleveland for. many years had suf
fered from repeated attacks of gastro
intestinal origin. Also he had long
standing organic disease of the heart
and kidneys. Heart failure compli
cated with pulmonary thrombosis and
oedema were the immediate cause of
The passing away of Cleveland was
not immediately announced but was
delayed until an official statement had
been Drenared by the physicians who
had been attending bim in '.he various
periods of his illness.
'While, Cleveland, had been scrlouSfy"
Upfront time to" time the announce
ment of his death came like a thun
derbolt to those who had been watch
ing his illnebs.
Last night there was a slight fear
among the friends of Cleveland that
something was seriously wrong with
the ex-president. This was occasioned
by a visit of Dr. Bryant of NewYork,
Cleveland's physician for many years.
Mrs. Cleveland later in the evening
discussing Bryant's visit said there
was no occasion for alarm and that
Cleveland was getting along nicely.
This reassurance totally unprepared
their friends for the announcement of
Children at Summer Home.
Mrs. Cleveland was at home .when
her distinguished husband passed
away. The children are at the Cleve
land summer home at Tamworth, New
Hampshire; in charge of Mrs. Perrine,
Mra. Cleveland's mother.
Wat 71 In March.
Cleveland was 71 years old March
During the past winter he kept close
to his home until the approach of his
birthday when he went to Lakewood
with his family. He was trustee of the
Equitable Life Assurance society of
New York and up to the time of his
gong to Lnkewood had attended to
correspondence in connection with his
duties for that society. After he went
to Lakewood, however, he discon
tinued work and it soon developed
tack of digestive trouble which he had
experienced many times before.
Was SIlKblly Worse.
It became known today that Mr.
Cleveland's condition took a slight turn
for the worse yesterday afternoon, but
physicians did not consider it alarm
ing, and notwithstanding the oppress
ive heat, the former president passed
a fairly good night. When Drs. Brant
and Lockwood visited the patpnt this
morning they found him "indisposed,"
as one of them termed it.
(A End Comes Quickly.
Sortly before 8 Dr. Carnochan was
askki to step over to the house. Cleve
land'.voon began to fail. The physi
cians recognized instantly tne symp
toms, ywith every resource at hand
they w irked over the patient, but he
finally l.Vuf into unconsciousness, and
the encf-V ac at S:40. It is believed
(Continued on Page Six.)
Physicians Decide Operation
Will Not be Necessary for
PASSES A FAIRLY GOODNIGHT
Patient Writes Secretary Taft He' Will
Meet Htm in Washington in
a Few Days.
7 C .
UNITED STATES BREAKS
RELATIONS WITH CASTRO:
CHARGE SLEEPER QUITS
children surviving, Esther, Francis,
Grover, Marion and Richard.
vTwice Executive of the United States, Who Died. This Morning.
PUBLIC MEN SHOCKED BY NEWS OF DEATH
Cleveland, June 21. Following
consultation of the physicians attend
ant upon Sherman, at 10:30 a state
ment was authorized saying the con
dition of bticrman continued so favor
able there was no present possibility
of an operation being necessary. The
physicians will not hold another con
sultation today unless his condition
should change for the worse.
Hotter In Morning;.
Cleveland, Ohio, June 21. At 9 a.
m. today Dr. Stone, one of the physi
cians in attendance upon James S.
Sherman who is lying ill at Lakeside
hospital, reported that, while Sherman
had been restless during the greater
part of the night, there was a marked
improvement this morning. His tem
perature was slowly approaching nor
mal and that on the whole his condi
tion was entirely satisfactory. Fol
lowing a night of intense heat a cool
breeze sprang up this morning and
this added greatly to the comfort of
Patient Wire Taft.
The following telegram was sent by
Sherman to Secretary Taft last eve
ning in answer to a message of sym
pathy from the presidential nominee:
"My illness is , not of a critical na
ture and the doctors this afternoon ad
vised me I can, probably go home in
three or four days. I thank you ever
so much, indeed, for your cordial tele
gram. I expect to see you in Wash-
Oyster Bay, June 24. President
Roosevelt today Issued a proclamation
directing that flags over the White
house and department buildings be
placed at half mast in honor of the
memory of Cleveland. He ordered
suitable naval and military honors be
rendered on the day of the funeral.
In paying tribute to Cleveland the
"As mayor of his city, as governor of
his state, and twice as president, he
showedN signal power as an adminis
trator, coupled with entire devotion to
the country's good and a courage that
quailed before no hositlity when once
he was convinced where his duty lay.
Since his retirement from the presi
dency, he has connued to well and
faithfully serve "his countrymen by the
simplicity, dignity, and "uprightness of
his private life." s
WAS (.III'.AT IX, SAYS TAFT.
New Haven, Conn., June 24. Secre
tary Taft was greatly shocked when
he was informed of the death of Cleve
land. "I aVn very sorry, indeed," he
said, "to hear of Cleveland's death.
He was one of the really great men
of the country and his passing away
is a distinct loss to the American
oi.m:ysks to uk ksctskh.
t Falmouth, M3ss., June 24. Richard
lOlney, secretary of state in Cleveland's
FEW WERE KILLED
English Hear That Reports of
Bloodshed in Persian Capital
Have Been Exaggerated.
SULTAN IN CONTROL OF CITY
and is on Way Home
CLAIMS ARE THE ISSUE
Cossacks Camped Around Wrecked
Parliament Buildings History
of the Trouble.
Head of Venezuelan Govern
ment Refuses to Listen to
cabinet, when informed of the death
of Cleveland, expressed deep regret at
the news, but requested , he be not
urged to say anything further at, the
COUTKI.YOi; IS SHOCKED.
Washington, June 24. Former Sec
retary of the Treasury John G. Carlisle
and fcrmer Secretary of the Navy
Hilary A. Herbert, -both of whom
served in President 'Cleveland's cab
inet, are away from the city. Sec
retary Cortelyou, who served as con
fidential stenographer to Cleveland,
expressed himself as greatly shocked.
Following precedent, President
Rocsevelt will by proclamation formal
ly . announce Cleveland's death.
CAREER OF GROVER CLEVELAND UNIQUE IN HISTORY
Cleveland was Buffering from an at-, ington Wednesday of next week."
THIRTY WARSHIPS SAID TO HAVE
BEEN ORDERED BY BRAZIL TO BE
TURNED OVER TO JAPAN LATER
Washington, June 24-Confidential navy. Why the Brazilian navy should
reports have been received at the
navy department warning tne United
States government that Brazil is se
cretly to build several battleships for
Japan. Commander W. S. Sims, who
was -United States naval attache at
Paris, wos told unofficially to keep
close watch on the plana of the Bra
zilian navy;. A ctble dispatch from
Berlin that 3 ships' were to be laid
down in England ibr Brazil has given
rise to several a armist reports, de
spite the fact that the number indi
cates exaggeration." ; ;
BaHed On jjjiulldeni' Plans. -s
The report from Berlin,' as far as
inside Information .seems to indicate,
Is based on confidential plans for the
British shipbuilders. They Vaver that
they h-ave received orders. to begin
be anxious to increase its strength
is little understood in diplomatic quar
ters, and for this reason a general in
vest igat Ion if the order for battle
ships, cruisers and other war craft
Toklo -to &uy the BUI.
The first reply to these inquiries
was from secret agents in London who
wired: "Brazilian war ship orders are
to be paid for from Tokio. Looks as
if ships would ultimately be delivered
to Japan." . ' "
Commander Sims admitted last
night that Japan .was supposed to be
at the bottom of the order for new
Brazilian warships. .
"We investigated the matter, how
ever, and were unable to ascertain
whether . Japanese, funds were to pay
an extensive addition to tbj Brazilian for the ships." he said.
Stephen Grover Cleveland was born
March 18, 1S37 at Caldwell, Essex
county, New York. Ills father. Iiev.
Richard Cleveland, was a Presbyterian
minister and his mother was of humble
parentage. Grover was the fifth of a
family of nine children. In 1841 the
family removed to Onondaga county p
the same state, and here the son at
tended the public schools and grew in
to a big healthy youth, full of health
and spirits and with a liking for hard
work. He was an average boy in stu
dies- and at play but unlike many oth
ers, he always had a job.
His first regular. employment was as
salesman in a store.. When he was 17
his father died aiid it became neces
sary for the older boys to support the
family. 'Then Grover and his elder
brother went to New York where the
former taught in an institution for the
blind for -a year.
Marts for t'levrlnnd, Ohio.
This life being too sedate for one of
his temperament he borrowed $25 and
set out for Cleveland. Ohio, being at
tracted by the name. At Buffalo he
stopped to visit a wealthy uncle who
took a liking to the boy and put him
at work' compiling a book on Short
Horn cattle. The trip . to Cleveland
Through his uncle's influence the fu
ture president obtained a place . in a
leading law, office of Buffalo and he
was admitted to the bar in 1S59. Two
years he was appointed assistant dis-1
trict attorney of Erie county and he
soon became recognised as a good, trial
lawyer. Ho studied his cases thor
oughly and made tlie most of his ma
terial, though he w-as never brilliant
and never won plaudits as an orator.
. lOMt First CninpniKn.
In his-first campaign for office Mr.
Cleveland was ..defeated. He ran .for
district attorney of Erie county. Tak
ing an increasing interest, in politics
be became in .1806 -chairman of the
democratic county; committee, and in
1870 was thai party's candida'e for
sheriff, being elected. After serving
the four years term he entered a.law
partnership at.37 years of age, and at
once took his place as one of the lead
ing attorneys of western New York.
In 1882 Mr. Cleveland siar'td on the
road, to the While house by biing
elected mayor of Buffalo by an over
whelming majority. He look hold of
the office with a vigor and indepen
dence that afterward' marked his ad
ministration of the highest ofliee in the
land. His close attention to duty, fair
ness and honesty attracted atten
tion throughout the state. Political
unrest was in the air" and the people
were weary of political trickery and
sham. Cleveland was frank to a fault
and paid uboslutely no attention to the
political effect of his acts. The readi
ness with which he vetoed the acts of
the Buffalo city council met with popu
lar favor and he -was nominated and
elected governor of New York within
6 months after he took his sca as
Knew Little of Dtitirn. -
He went to Albany with little knowl
edge of public men and small idea of
the duties, that awaited bim. .but hs
administration was such a marked suc
eess that his nomination for president
followed when he had been at the head
of the state government but two years.
He was triumphantly elected over
James G. Blaine. .
One of his first acts as president was
to wipe out pension evils that had
grown un under 24 years of republican
rule and unseat thousands of republi
can office holders who had held places
without regard to their ability to dis
charge the dutiss expected of them
Next he made "tariff for revne; only"
an issue and in 1887 sent in a special
message to-congress on this subject,
notwithstanding politicians, in his par
ty protested, that the .move ;was not
likely to prove conducive to democratic
success. Firmly believing, he was in
the right, however, he' went ahead and
on this issue he lost his campaign for
re-election to Benjamin IHarrison In
1S88. . ' ; ; . , - '.
. ; , Returned Ln . Praetle.
For four years Cleveland practiced
law in New York and .resumed the
accumulation of a competence which
bis tjcrms hi office had Interfered with
In 1892 he - was ' again the standard
bearer of his party and was elected.
In his second term one of his most
was in connection
with the Venezuela boundary dispute
in which he reasserted the Monroe
doctrine and made it stick in spite
of niutterings from across the. Atlan
tic. This perhaps stirred more pop
ular enthusiasm than any other thing
he ever did but he was actuated solely
by his ideas of right and not by. any
desire to appease av popular clamor.
Cleveland's second administration
was heir to the panic of 1S92 and to
check the disastrous drain ".upon the
national resources the president start-
London June 24. A private dispatch
from Teheran says only a small num
ber of persons were killed during tne
fighting in that city yesterday and that
the firing was confined to the neigh
borhood of the national assembly. Of
ficial messages received at the foreign
office state the situation is not so bad
as the more sensational newspapers
have represented it. The British lega
tion estimates the killed at about
Quiet HelKUH nt Xlicht.
Teheran, June 24. After a bloody
fight which was waged around the
parliament buildings yesterday the
city was comparatively quiet last
night, although the . Cossacks were
camped in the streets and squares
Cossacks and soldiers early in the
morning surrounded the parliament
buildings and demanded that a-num
ber of persons whose arrest the shah
had ordered be forthwith handed over
to thtm. Parliament refused to com
ply with this demand,, and shots were
fired at the troops, several soldiers
Orders were at once issued from
military headquarters that the parlia
ment buildings be bombarded, and the
artillery fire commenced soon after 10
o'clock. While this was in progress
bombs were thrown from the pari i a
ment buildings and the mosquo ad
joining, disabling one of the guns and
wounding the gunners.
Jinny Killed anil Wounded.
Eventually the halls of parliament
were cleared, but not before many
persons had been killed and wounded
The bombardment continued until
o'clock in the aiternoon, when it sud
denly ceased. In the meantime the
troops pillaged thj political clubs in
that neighborhood and numerous resi
dences of influential members of par
liament, in which work they -were
aided by the populace.
The number of casualties is un
known, but if will be very large. Th
parliament buildings are practically
in ruins. The firing was confined to
(Continued on Page Six.)
Washington, June 24. The state de
partment late last night received of
ficial confirmation that Charge d'Af
fairs Sleeper had decided to leave
Venezuela and this is in line with di-
rections sent to him by the state department.
The minister to Venezuela from Bra
zil has been asked by Secretary ' Root
to take charge of affairs in Venezuela.
According to officials of the state de-.
part ment who talked on the subject
President Castro has ignored all the
protests sent him by Secretary Root
concerning the private claim of Juarez,
who was banished from Venezuela by
Castro, the claims of the Orinoco com
pany, w hich operated in the Orinoco
river, and the asphalt company. These
arc the principal claims which Pres
ident Castro informt-d Mr. Sleeper yes
terday had passed the stage of diplo
macy or any other kind of negotiations
because they had been passed upon by
his court of cessation.
t'nxlro Offers to Arbitrate.
Secretary Root's position as declared
is that the judgments of the foreign
court arc not final, where a "denial of
justice" can be proved. President
Castro thereupon created the diplo
matic impasse by asserting that there
was no such right and that the only
remedy was arbitration and he offered
arbitration in these cases.
Castro's government, jn fact, was not
represented at The Hague tribunal.
It is expected that other nations,
such as France and Holland, which
have lately been aggrieved by Castro
and his persistent ignoring of the
quarantine regulations, will also break
off diplomatic relations with Venezuela.
Many at Woman's Club Meeting.
Boston, Mass., June 24. The second
day's session of the convention of the
General Federation of Woman's clubs
was devoted to reports of officers and
other routine work. The attendance
was so great an overflow meeting was
CAREER OF W. B. LEEDS SPECTACULAR
AND FILLED WITH SOCIAL SENSATIONS
DUE TO HIS TAKING OF SECOND WIFE
New York, June 24. W. B. Leeds'
career was not only one of the most
ed a movement for- the repeal of the spectacular of modern millionaires
from the commercial point of view.
bherman sitver purchase Jaw, using
every means at his command to that
end anu finally succeeding. In con
nection with the. financial 4ePresswrl
labor riots arose in the west and the
president did not hesitate to send fed
eral troops into Chicago to protect
the United States mails, despite the
fact that the act-was opposed to the
policy of his party and he aroused
the ire of a democratic governor.
- Shown Ilin Independence.
The"' independence of the man is
shown by the fact that in 1896 he
did not support the nominee of the
party that had twice elected him. tak
ing exception to the silver plank and
being so conscientious about his views
that.be felt- he could not do so. '
After bis retirement to private life
Mr. Cleveland made his home at
Princeton, N. ' J. In . 1905 he was
elected 8 member of the - board of
trustees of the Equitable Life Insur
ance company and last year he was
but his life was filled with social sen
sations due to his two marriages and
the duel fof supremacy that was
waged between the first and second
Here are the important milestones
in his career:
1881 Assistant surveyor , at a0 a
month. . -
1885 Assistant engineer of Colum
bus division of Pennsylvania railroad
1887 Engineer of maintenance of
thevPennsylvania railroad at Cincin
1889 Superintendent of Logansport
division. .' . ..
1894 Vice president - of the Amer
ican Tin Plate company. A ,
1900 President of the Chicago,
Rock Islanu and Pacific railroad.
Jlna,Thea Flghta Moorea.
It was with the fortune made in the
made president of the Association of tin plate industry -thst Leeds went
Life Insurance Presidents. mto railroaa ventures, tne tin piate
He was also a member of the ex-1 company having been merged Into the
ecutive committee -of the National I steel trust
Civic federation, trustee of Princeton
university and. (t member of the Amer
ican - Historical - association and the
American Philosophical society. '
Mr.- Cleveland - was married during
his first term of office, in 1886, and
Leeds joined hands .with the Moores,
who had 'just secured control of the
Rock Island road, was made president
of the system, and then tried to crush
the Moores. . -. " . ; ,
The sensational financial clash of
his first child, Ruth, was bora at the J Leeds with the Moores cost him not
White house. . She died several years! only-a high place in commercial, spec-
ago. With the wife there are f our I uUUve and railroad circles, but broke
his health, indirectly leading to bit
death. - .
For 12 years Leeds had been Hying '
happily with his first wife, who was
Miss Jeannie Gaar of Richmond, Ind.
Suddenly there came a divorce llkf..-.
a bolt out of a clear sky.
Leeds had fallen in love with th
beautiful Mrs. Worthington of Clevs-..
Marries Cleveland Divorcee.
He made love to her so madly that'
Mrs. Worthington's husband divorced
her. Mrs. Leeds obtained ber decree
shortly after and three dayB later
Leeds married the beautiful Cleve
land divorcee. '
He bought her the $700,000 yacht
Cetoah, fitted up with oriental sump'
tuousness, and took her r on a long
cruise to ithe Mediterranean, lavishing
money on her.
When they returned, Leeds . found .
that his love affair bad cost him' the
friendship of the Moores and made
him many powerful enemies. But bis
wife plunged with bim Into the social
battle at Newport, eager to reign in
society. v ? , . ' "
Battle the Wires.
Some time later there -was an in
teresting duel of gowns - at Palm
Beach, Fla., where the two Mr
Leedses met by accident.
Wife No. 1 was supplied . with 7 155
trunks full of clothei and.- outshone,
wife No. 2 until the latter's wardrobe'
arrived, after frantic telegrams, and
the two women amused the whole
hotel with the' strife to surpass each
other in raiment. - .