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THE AKGUS, WEmTESnAY. JUNE 1908..
Convention' of the
Party of Jefferson
tm& Jackson on July
7. J Two-thirds
Vote Needed to Se
Bryan and Johnson
the Leading Candi
dates. M Conven
tions of the Past.
"Old Hickory' and
"the Little Giant."
Tilden vs. Hayes.
By ROBERTUS LOVE.
Copyright, 1508, by Robertus Love.
X the new Audito
rium at Denver,
capital of Colora
do, oa the 7th of July
the twentieth na
tional convention of
the Democratic par
ty will hpgin Its
work of nominating
fc,"uu'uair iui pies-
Kipnt ana vice pres
ident of the United
States. A two-thirds
vote of the 1.00S
delegates, or 672
votes, will be re
quired to nominate".
In Republican na
tional conventions a
mere majority is
sufficient. The Dem
ocrats adopted the
two-thirds rule at
their first national
six years aeo. Of
the candidates for the presidential
nomination at Denver may be men
tioned William J. Bryan of Nebraska.
John A. Johnson of Minnesota, David
K. Francis of Missouri, George Gray
of Delaware and Lewis S. Chanlcr of
New York. The convention will be
called to order by Thomas Taggart,
chairman of the Democratic national
The first Democratic national con
vention opened in Baltimore May 21,
1S32. Its chief duty was the nomina
tion of a vice presidential candidate.
President Andrew Jackson, then near
the close of his first term, was so unl-
f ( 1
nessee for president and Silas Wright
of New York for vice president, but
Wright refused to accept the nomina
tion. George M. Dallas of Pennsylva
nia was placed on the ticket in his
stead. Wright's refusal was because
of pique at the defeat of Van Buren,
who tried to break down the two
thirds rule and secure a renomlnation
for himself. Polk was the first "dark
horse" nominee in our history. He had
not been mentioned for the presidential
nomination prior to t'.ie convention.
Lewis Caps of Michigan, was nomi
nated for president at the 1848 conven
tion, with William O. Butler of Ken
tucky as the vice presidential candi
date. The convention met May 2.
The convention of 1S52, which open
ed June 1. was a battle royal, and in.
the end another dark horse. Franklin
Pierce of New Hampshire, was named
for president. The tight was between
Cass, nominated and defeated four
years before, and James Buchauau of
Pennsylvania. Finally Tierce was
voted for on the thirty-fifth ballot by
the Virginia delegation, which persist
ed in voting for the New Englander
until on the forty-ninth ballot nearly
all the other delegates swung over and
nominated him. William It. King of
Alabama was named on the second
ballot for vice president.
In 1S."0 the Democracy finally broke
away from Baltimore and met in Cin
cinnati on June 2. During all of Presi
dent Tierce's administration James
Buchanan had been absent from the
country as minister to England and
thus had escaped the fierce conflict on
the slavery problem and the incideutal
anarchy in Kansas. Buchanan, Doug
las and Cass were candidates before
national only as it related to the north
ern states. The eleven southern states
then in thu Confederacy, of course,
were not represented. General George
B. McClellau was named for tb.2 pres
idency on the first ballot and George
II. Pendleton of Ohio for the vice
presidency on the second ballot Tho
platform pronounced the war a failure.
The only time the city, of New York
ever entertained the national conven
tion was in 1S0S, when the body' niet
there on the Fourth of July and nom
inated for president Horatio Seymour,
governor of New York, and for vice
president Frank.P. Blair of Missouri.
In 1872 the Democracy as then con
stituted .returned to the first love of
the "party, Baltimore, meeting in con
vention July 9, and nominated for the
first and second offices in the land two
Republicans, Horace Greeley of New
York and B.. Gratz Brown of Missouri.
This anomalous situation was brought
about by a prior convention of "Lib
eral Republicans" at Cincinnati, led by
Carl Schurz, which nominated Greeley
and Brown. The only hope of defeat
ing President Grant for re-election was
in a combination of the Democrats and
the Liberal Republicans, who had. de
clared violently against the Grant ad
ministration. The Baltimore conven
tion simply swallowed the Cincinnati
convention product ticket, platform
and all. Greeley and Brown were de
feated overwhelmingly iu November.
St. Louis was the Democratic conven
tion city iu 1876, June 18 beiug the
opening date. Samuel J. Tilden of New
York and Thomas A. Hendricks of
Indiana were named for president and
vice president. Tilden, who was gov
ernor of New York, was a master poli
tician and had planned his campaign
with marvelous ability. Governor Hen
dricks of Indiana was his chief oppo
nent . Hendricks accepted the second
place on the ticket with some reluc
tance. Tilden was elected in Novem
ber, according to the best knowledge
and belief of all Democrats and many
Republicans, but a special commission
created to decide electoral contests
voted his opponent, Rutherford B.
Hayes of Ohio, into the presidential
chair. The electoral commission was
made up of eight Republicans and
Keren Democrats. The final vote on
the matters in contest was eight Re
publicans for Hayes and seven Demo
crats for Tilden.
In 1SS0 the Democrats met June 22
in Cincinnati. Tilden declined a re-
nomination. General Winfield S. Han
cock of Pennsylvania was named "for
w,4?l i Wi it tiffin I 1
DENVER AUDITORIUM AND CHAIRMAN THOMAS TAGGART.
versally popular with his party that
no other name was considered for the
presidency. A resolution indorsing
Jackson in about a hundred words was
the only platform adopted. Martin
Van P.uren of New York, Jackson's
own selection, was named for the vice
Prior to 1832 presidential candidates
were nominated by mass meet tags,
caucuses, legislative resolutions and in
other ways not national in character.
In the Baltimore convention- all the
states except Missouri were represent
ed by delegates. Since 1S32 the Dem
ocrats 'have held quadrennial conven
tions, and eight of them, including the
first, have met at Baltimore.
At President Jackson's instance the
convention which : named candidates
for the. election of 1S30 met May 20,
1835, nearly eighteen months prior to
election day, thus giving Martin Van
Bnren and Richard M. Johnson, the
nominees, the longest campaign in the
history of America. This convention
adopted no platform. Andrew Jack
son was'the Democratic platform. The
whole power of Jackson's administra
tion was exerted toward the electioi.
of Van Buren In order to overthrow;
John C. Calhoun, with whom "Old
Hickory" had quarreled.
President Van Bnren was renominat
ed in 1840, the convention meeting
May 5, as the unanimous cliojce of the
party. .The convention refused to re
nominate Vice President Johnson, mak
' ingv In fact,, no nomination for that
office. - Nevertheless Van Buren - was
badly defeated in the election by Wil
liam Henry Harrison, while Johnson
was elected vice president by the Unit
ed States 6enate. - The convention of
1840 adopted a platform, the first ever
adopted by any -national convention.
It. declared that the federal govern
ment is one of limited, powers, .which
should l)e strictly construed by all the
The convention of 1844 met May 27
and inomiuated James K. Polk of Ten-
the convention. Pierce sought a re
nomination and received a substantial
vote, but his attitude in having favored
the repeal of the Missouri compromise
rendered him a weaker candidate than
Buchanan, whose absence had been
his political salvation. Buchanan re
ceived the nomination, with John C.
Breckinridge of Kentucky as the vice
presidential candidate. The platform
adopted at this convention approved
the course of the Pierce administration
in repealing the Missouri compromise
and thus giving slavery a chance to
intrench itself in the new territories
north of the southern line of Missouri.
The convention of 1800 met at
Charleston, S. C, April 23. : This was
the fiercest Democratic convention ever
held, slavery extension being the bone
of contention. Stephen A. Douglas was
by far the strongest presidential prob
ability. The convention voted fifty
seven ballots without casting the nec
essary two-thirds vote for one man.
Finally the convention adjourned to
meet in Baltimore June 18. Before
adjournment several southern states
withdrew, being opposed to the Doug
las platform. The seceding delegates
held a convention in Charleston, adopt
ed a platform, for which they had con
tended in the regular convention, then
adjourned to meet in Richmond the
first Monday in June. On this date
the seceding delegates met and again
adjourned to the 21st of June. Mean
while on the 18th the "regulars" met
in Baltimore and nominated Douglas
for president and Benjamin Fitzpat
rick of Alabama for ; vice president.
Fitzpatrick declined, and the national
committee named Herschel V. Johnsou
In his place. Some of the "regulars"
bolted the Baltimore convention and
nominated for president John C. Breck
lnridge of Kentucky and for vice pres
ident Joseph Lane of Oregon. The
"soceders" witting in Richmond accept
ed this ticket. . . :
At Chicago in 18C1 the Democratic
convention, which . met Aug. 29, was
president and William II. English of
Indiana for vice president.
Grover Cleveland of New York, the
first Democrat elected president since
1S56 and thus far the only one, was
the presidential nominee of the three
conventions of 1884 In Chicago, 1888 in
St. Louis and 1802 in Chicago. His
running mate in 1S84 was Thomas A.
Hendricks, in 1888 Allen G. Thurman
of Ohio and in 1892 Adlal E. Steven
son of Illinois.
When the convention of 1S0G met In
Chicago the leading candidate was
Richard P. Bland of Missouri, but Wil
Ham J. Bryan of Nebraska, then only
thirty-six years old, delivered in 'the
convention his famous "cross of gold"
speech, and In the ensuing whirlwind
of enthusiasm he was' nominated for
president. Arthur Sewall of Maine
was "named for vice president. Bryan
was renominated by acclamation at
Kansas City in 1900, with former Vice
President Stevenson in second place.
At the convention in St Louis in
1904, of which Congressman Champ
Ciarkt of Missouri was - permanent
chairman, Judge Alton B. Parker of
New York was nominated for presi
dent, with former Senator Henry Q
Davis of West Virginia as running
At the nineteen Democratic national
conventions already held fifteen indi
viduals have been named for the presi
dency. Of these six have been elect
ed. The successful candidates were
Andrew Jackson, Martin Van Bured,
James K. Polk, Franklin Pierce, James
Buchanan and Grover Cleveland. Van
iBuren was elected once and defeated
'once. Cleveland was elected twice and
'defeated once. Andrew Jackson was
president two terms, but was the nom
iinee of a national convention only
once Tilden was elected at the elec
tion and defeated by the electoral coin
nflssiou. Bryan has ,been defeated
twice and is now again the leading
candidate for the nomination. In'1904
be was not an aspirant for the honor.
(Continued from page Four.)
coming,"' said ' JudTtli iu" a very faint
voie, "at 9:45?"
And just thetf.'ihe electric bell buzzed
Joyfully. Enter upon the scene Dick
Sanderson and at his heels Hal Darn
ton, the critic of the Social Whirl.
"Thought I'd give the crush a chance
to subside," exclaimed Dick as Judith
came forward, and then at sight of her
face his tongue failed him, and he
reached forth his hand Impulsively.
She gave it a trembling clasp, then
went' on to greet Darnton.
No one could tell afterward just how
it did happen; but IlaT Darnton cer
tainly laughed iir?t anj at something
Dick said; ' .
"Oh, my dear Misjr Brainard." he ex
claimed between. j;a!es of laughter,
"you don't know your New York yet!
Nothing .starts so early. in the season.
You are about rt 'month too early and,
well, you've got to show 'em."
And no one' knew just why, but Ju
dith told him all her little successes
and failures, and lie proved such a
sympathetic persou that she finally
wailed: "I would not miud at all, only
that caustic Mr. Drake lives next door,
and of course he'll know. It is sa
ilJil Darnton did not laugh this time.
How often had he watched the strug
gle of other Judiths: But Dick Sander
son sprangto his feet and remarked
wi(h decisiou:: "This is where we make
a noise like nccess. Judith, I'm going
out into the hall and give that bell an
other ring. Mrs". Drake will bear that
and then we will rattle glasses, and
Miss Morton will fiddle, and you will
play the piano,' and we will applaud
and well, -I know that Darnton here
will like your brand. of lemonade."
The audacity of the plan swept all
objections aside. ; Sometimes Sander
son rang the bell and sometimes Darn
ton. The little maid ran up and down
the hall, and' the glasses clicked, and
Miss Mortort played, and Darnton sang
rollicking Gel-man student songs that
none had ever dreamed he knew, and
Mrs. Brainard laughed until the tears
threatened to fall on her fine old laces.
And hen it was all over and not an
other soul bad put in appearance Darn
ton carried -Miss Morton off iu a cab
and Mrs. Brainard retired to lay awny
the dear old pearl silk gown. The lit
tle maid went downstairs to where hor
young man ' was Waiting to take her
home, and Judith and Dick stood alone
iu the flower bttnked room. Then upon
the sudden quiet fell a sound of muf
fled tapping. Judith ran to the door.
There was a whispered conversation.
and very soon Dick saw her hand out
something on a tray. She came back
with eyes shining. . , ,
"It Was Mrs. Drake. She said she
heard us having such a good time, and
though she ad Mr. Jwake did not da:e
leave their guests now-that -every one
had gotie she just sbtply had to beg
some of the lemonade.-! Sue had heard
those glasses clicking and the music
.through the wall."
Dick's eyes were dancing, but Ju
dith's were dewy with aliew and ten
"Oli, Dick, .you, .are simply wonder
ful. She? thinks ;it was a huge success
and and well, you know what I
promised this afternoon. You can"
Dick gripped her hand.-?.
"Will you. Judith will you. dear?"
"Yes, Dick, and we'll announce it at
my next evening 'at home.' "
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writes B.- F. Ayscue of Ingleside, N.
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Here's Money for
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men ' on a.'v ISO loan for 50
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Fill; this 'out and mail it
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Kellable. ; -".Private.
Old phon '2S5eT.t tiw 212.
SlU'j ilrady sti'fet, Davenport,
Iowa.- Open lAVeiitlesiiay at I
HE art of brewing has
been vastly improved
in the past fifty years.
Formerly brewing was an ex
periment now it is a science.
flDajor General IDutnam; TO. S. H.
T TT? I , - V T 1 . UM1 L
T nc nero or ouniter ruu who
I first marshaled the Riflemen of
the Revolution- and left his
plow standing in the furrow to
hoist the banner of defiance
against legislative oppression! Who
has not heard of him?
When others faltered and grew pale,
facing fearful odds, this intrepid old
Puritan Commander remained strong
hearted, steadfast and true. His tavern,
known to fame as the "GENERAL
WOLFE," was (in its day) a celebrated
meeting place for Revolutionary
In its cozy bar parlor they delighted
to periodically gather and drink with
him the foaming juices of the malt;
toasting each other in memory of the
splendid and heroic days when they
gave blood and treasure to found this
nation and write the immortal princi
ple of "PERSONAL LIBERTY" in
our laws forevermore.
Hale, hearty and generous minded
to the last, Israel Putnam died at
eighty-three, and what living Prohibi
tionist dare stand up and say, "I am a
purer patriot than he?
Is a true cereal beverage
foaming with creative life,
exquisitely delicious to the
taste, unequaled for daily
family use one of nature's
best gifts to man and as health
ful as it is pure and rich.
THE KING OF ALL
Applcton's Encyclopedia or any Biography,
Facts all well known.
Bottled Only at the
SI. LoaiS, Mo.
Corked or with Crown Caps
A. D. IJUESING,
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HL mn L !l
Thursday, August 6,
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Special train loaves IVoria 12: 10 noou.
Return Limit 12 Days
For (losciii)tivc naniulilct address
C. P. LEPPERT, D. P. A.
325 Main street. Teoila. III.
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H0 Jo TOIBIEE &'
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PHONE WEST 417.
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free opinion as to patentability.
JOSHUA R. H. POTTS, Lawyer,
80 Dearbora St., C'hk-aro. '
..' : SOS Ninth St., Washington.
29 Chtnut St, Philadelphia.
This swing is the nearest
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Telephone, Old 680. Telephone, New 617a