Newspaper Page Text
THE ARGUS. MONDAY, OCTOBER 12. 1908.
Deneen Defends Administration
tive to Affairs of the Illinois
MANY DELEGATES ARE HERE
Attendance at Annual Meeting is Large
Tuberculosis is Subject of
Governor Charles S. Deneen was the
principal speaker yesterday afternoon
at the session of the Illinois state
conference of charities at the Illinois
theater. The governor spoke on "The
'Wards of the State," a subject that
has been given much attention in the
present state political camoaigu. and
GOVERNOR C.S. DENEEN,
Chief Speaker at-' Yesterday's Mfeling:
at the Illinois Theater.
one on which, as tha governor ex
plained, he "has been lecturing for
tome time on other platforms." Gov
ernor Deneep did not take up the po
litical side of the question extensive
ly, although he referred to the attacks
luade on his administration, and stated
such facts as tended to place hij ad
ministration ill the best possible light,
with reference to tha administration of
"I am placed in an embarrassing
I'osltion in speaking of this subject
ar all," said the governor. "I shall en
deavor to merely state facts, and leave
the discussion of them to others. But
I find that when I talk of this-subject.
I am compelled to rely on my recollec
tions, while others, who discuss these
matters, rely almost entirely on their
imaginations rather than on facts."
Given the Figure.
The governor stated that there are
in Illinois institutions 13,5000 insane
persons, and every year 2,300 more
are committed to thesd institutions;
in the three penal institutions, at
Joliet, Pontlac and Chester, there are
3,500 delinquent persons confined, and
1 500 a year aro committed to these
institutions; in thp two institutions
for boys and girls, at St Charles and
Geneva, there are 75') boys and girls,
and the number is added to at the
j ate of about 100 a year.
"There was a general political dis
cussion of the adrafr istration of state
institutions four years ago, and the
KCntiment prevailed that these insti
tutions should be removed from poli
tics. I believed and believe now that
they, should be, so on becoming gov-
Our display of wedding
gift articles at this time
should give us the rightful
claim as the Tiffany store of
It would be utterly impos
sible to describe our fine
crystal, while the sterling
bowls, sandwich plates and
tnya of the Gorham make
can only, increase the grow
ing mastery of this store.
You are cordially invited
to see them.
Rock Island; III.
emor I set about to remove them from
politics. The first step was tne re
moval of political incentive, and this
was accomplished by the civil service
law, which took away the power of
appointment and ' discharge. ' Of
course the civil service law is not com
prehensive, but it is comprehensive
enough for general purposes. ' The
greatest difficulty is that the civil
service commission has followed the
letter of the law too strictly, and its
operation has been what may be
termed 'too literary. In other words
too much has depended on the written
examinations. Under this law 3.724
persons have been appointed, and 711
have been discharged for 'cause, writ-,
ten charges being filed arid opportun
ity being given for public hearing and
to have the hearing made a matter
of public record. The result is im
No Slunk Fund.
Continuing the governor said: "An
fher thing has resulted. There war
. practice, followed by all parties and
'1 factions, to secure the sinews of
rliucal warfare largely from state
1 ivployes, who were compelled to con
rihute a portion of their earning1
'Lis practice has ceased. It ceased
day I was inaugurated, and it has
ot been employed since." This shot
it ex-Governor Yates was one of sev
rax taken from what the governor
?uied his "other lectures on this sub
ect." Governor Deneen showed thai
iere are 3,000 employes of the state.
ad that 2,267 of them are engaged
n the management and care of the
7 state charitable institutions.
Curative, Not Custodian.
The governor outlined the Improve
ents and changes made in the dif
;rent state institutions, claiming that
a the last four years they have been
tie subject of much attention, and
hat a great beginning has been made
c the change from custodial institu
10ns to curative institutions. In this
onnection he discussed the psycho
baric hospllals and training schools
or nurses, and the work toward plac
rig the state institutions in good
hysical condition. He stated that
he number of inmates grows rapidly,
and that the increased cost, at the
rate of $145 a year per capita, is in
creased at the rate of $1,250,000 each
four years. The state institutions, he
taid, were designed for C.000 or 7,000,
inmates, and yet 10,000 are cared for
ia them. "Why, the state of Illinois
has not been providing its wards with
sufficient air to breathe. And air is
so cheap. Instead o? furnishing the
1,000 cubic feet an hour that science
tells us is required, the state has been
lurnishing only about 400 cubic feet in
r.cme places. The result is prevalence
oi tuberculosis and like diseases. Our
records show us that Illinois has been
curing only between 5 and 7 per cent
of itsinsane, while Germany claims
to cure between 40 and 50 per cent.
So we decided to transplant the Ger
man system, and establish psycho-
phalic hospitals, of which there are
only two otli3rs in-the United States.
And now North Dakota. South Dakota.
Montana, South Carolina and Missis
sippi want us to educate their insane
hospital superintendents and nurses
in our institutions. Our reputation is
not so bad elsewhere, it appears."
Xo Kent Cure.
Governor Deneen devoted some at
tention to a discussion of this new
system of hydrotherapeutic treatment.
The subject is an interesting one and
particularly so because of the fact
that at the Watertown hospital an in
stitution for the giving of this treat-
ment has just been completed, and ihe'stato Medical society, spoke on "Local
building was to have been dedicated I vs- tate sanitaria, ana ur. t . tsmory
Vy the governor on this visit to RockiLyn of Chicago, superintendent of
Island liad bo had more time here.
Governor Deneen took occasion to '
refer to the efforts to prevent insanity
rs well, as to cure it the main step
along thi3 line so far being the keep-'
inpr of accurate records of each pa-
tient, "for the insane'are the victims
of the acts of their ancestors and of
the condition? prevailing in society,"
explained th.j governor". "And these
records are now kept accurately,
Heretofore some doctors thought it
timo to take a rest cure when they
received an appointment in a state
r.stilution," he added.
The governor referred to other
changes in the care of state wards, in
cluding the placing of almshouses and
childrens' irttitutions under slate
care, and the development of the idea
of state visitation of children in homes
where they hpve been placed by char-
luiL-iu iirauvuLuus, ur uy uu.
i m. i i
Refer, to Accidents.
Governor Deneen took occasion to
refer to the investigation of the legis-
iauve commiuee. "it was shown mat
there had been six accidents. OfUois courts and institutions numbered
these three were found by the commit-
.ee to have teen unavoidable, and
three ' the committee thought might
bfcve been avoided. They could have
.een avoided had the state been able
o t-mnlov something? besides human
beings in its institutions. These ac-
idents were shown to be the result
rather of neglect than of cruelty, andjestes. He outlined some of these
noFpuai anenaauiB, neing numan, are
iikcu iu ucjicti uutj nuu ian lu mcci
heir responsibility." The governor
tat fed that 99 per cent of the acci-
'ents occur tt. epileptics, and that the
-fate has 1.100 epileptics in its insti
tut ions, and hundreds outside. He ex
plained that epilepsy is the "falling
disease," and that physicians say it Is
ot curabla. "They told me several
ears ago that It could not be cured,
i it .. ? It w .
uv.e uw iiivwusiiimu i uiive raKwi
'hem if it can be cured, and they re-
I lied, 'yes,' and added that ic could
Le cured, however, only by politicians,
and that the cure would not be perma
i ent, and would be effected only dur
ing the campaign." . Governor Deneen I
protested tint the investigation is un
fair, and that attacks on his adminis
tration on the showing of the investi
gations are not fair.
e conciuaea nis remarns on stale
institutions by declaiming any credit
for the results accomplished, other
uan tnai ne nao. appointed experts
u cupciinac iue wui, ami uuu eii-
deavored to give them substantial sup-
.iSn?elr ,rt Bhowedtha
$1,500,000 more is now appropriated
than ever before, and that state In
n rl ttmfr ofotn -In . I
slitutions take 34 per cent of the state
tunds expended. He pointed out the
public Interest in these questions,
showing that there are 9,000 epileptics
outside of state institutions, 8,000
ieaths from consumption annually,
and that one in 400 in Illinois is in
sane, and one in 500 is an epileptic.
Of Penal System.
The governor's closing remarks
ere devoted to the penal institutions
U gave interesting talks from his ob-
oiyations in Cook county, as to crim-
, . i . ... " I
ersons paroled from Pontiae, he said,
ver 82 per cent are not rearrested.
referred briefly to the work of the
't. Charles and Geneva schools, and
urged that 'these various subjects be
discussed in more' detail during this
MiHnlon of Small College.
The other speakers yesterday after
toon were Dr T. -H. McMichael, presi
dent of Monmouth college and Rev.
cmes Shannon of Peoria. Dr. Mc
.tiicbael spoke on "Illinois and Its
Frcall Colleges," and Father Shannon
.alked on "Catholic Charities." Father
'iiannon outlined the systematic char-
y work being done by various Cath
olic societies in the state and showed
the extensive character of this organ
ized charity. His address proved of
Dr. McMlchael took the position in
Lis address that while Illinois has a
ne system of education, beginning
ith the grade schools and running
through the htgh school normal school
nd state utiversity, the small col
i.'gen fill an imjicrtant place In the
lift of the state and should be given
he preatest encouragement.
Dr. McMlchael showed that there
t.re about 10.000 students enrolled in
the different snail institutions, and
1 hat at the state university there ar
1.500 students. Dr. McMlchael classified
:lo small college as institutions of
" i?her learning. That they, are small
he claimed to be a thing to their
credit. He also claimed that they
FLould be encuuraged because of their
religious character. "Intellectual-
tiKining may merely increase one's
power for tvil. The villain with a I
trained mind becomes only more po-1
rent lor evil." On this basis, he urged I
Christianity as an important factor in
education and argued that the small
school is best equipped to combine
Of special interest were the services
cord"ctPd in the various churches
terday both morning and evening by
delegates to the conference. Ableler among euch places until it was in
speakers occupied the pulpits of most
of the churches in the three cities and
delivered addresses along .the lines
that are being discussed ia the confer
ence. Large congregations were pres
ent at the services and interesting
meetings were held. I
Tuberculosis and penology held a
leading place in the state conference,
of charities this afternoon.
Alexander Wilson, superintendent of
the Chicago bureau of charities, out-
lined "A Working Tuberculosis Pro-
gram for Illinois." Dr. James W. Pet-
tit of Ottawa, president of tho Illinois
Jtho central Howara association, maae
a report on the sanitary condition of
cook County Project.
William Busse, president of the Cook
county board, also spoke this after-j
noon on the new $2,000,000 Cook coun-1
ty infirmary, submitting plans for the
building, and explaining the project In
detail. F. H. McLean, field secretary
of the Charity Organization society,
spoke on the work of the society in
American cities. .. .
i state A Kent Resorts. - ' -'
rm, -ir.ai r.ot,,,. , mn.land ia well done, but in the exDeri-
ine's session was the renort made by
rh5.ripa vir.-iFn otatft oepnt for thfllder supervision of politics to a dismal
visitation ot children. Mr. VIrden s
renort oracticallv covered two years.
frcm July 1 190C, to July 1, 1908. He
ttated that $4,5000 a year was appro-
. nrlatArt a nmnll n mount rrmfdrifr'ne'
!-- , o
k entfliled. rh.rinir the first
,year 1,319 children were placed by
courts in Illinois and 160 outside the
tate. makinx a total of 1,479. Durin
the two years the total placed by llli
2.R64 and the grand total was 4,343
During the two years children were
visited In 494 towns in 91 counties,
and the towns visited and revisited
; numbered 750. Miss Gallagher made
1 iaa rorrtc i TJiar-Voii i in anA
Mr. Virden 114,' a total of 2,424. Mr.
, virden reDO.-ted handling: 550 special
( cases, and convictions resulting. One
tnese was a kock island county
, case from Bethany home, that at
tracted much attention at the time
Mr. Virden, concluding his report,
urged that orphanages become more in
the character of curative institutions,
rather than custodial institutions..
Mrs. Richard N. McCauley. matron
of the Illinois Soldiers OmhAns' !
j home, spoke on the subject of "Chil
. . . .
JVC n in AimRnouscs" ana MWnat IIIM
GO TO CHURCH;
Burglars Enter Two Houses and Se
cure S3 and Clothing Horse
Trade is Given Airing. .
Tog, nient two houses were entered
and Bome articles stolen while the
l.,., -rtrAta o -V11 y-V fits .9
William McConochie, Jr.. 1C17 Elev
u(ll ovpmiP Tsa Pntrpd on M .,1
an overCoafc. were" taken ty the bur-
glar.- A revolver and a necktie were
1203 Fourteenth-and-a-half avenue,
Sam Fryer and George Smalley had
an argument Saturday over the sale of
a horse, and the matter had to be air
ed in police court. Smalley bought the
horse from Fryer, who gave him a re
ceipt for the amount paid for the
horse and at the same time placed on
the receipt a guarantee of the sound
ness of the horse. The receipt did not
suit Smalley, and he took the matter
up with Frey, who finally seized the
rece, and k s fe
had nIm flrrested Hls b
court room was disrespectful, and Mag-
istrate Elliott assessed him $1 and
costs for disorderly conduct, and had
him draw up another receipt.
rois Should Do for Its Dependent
Girls" was the subject of a paper by
iss Julia C. Lathrop. Her paper
was discussed by Mrs. Henry D. Solo
mon. "State Visitation of Children"
was discussed by Charles R. Hender-
eon, professor of soclalogy of the Uni
versity, oi unicago, wno spoKe in a
very Interesting and instructive man-
nei. His remarks were discussed by
Sherman C. Kingsley of Chicago
cna!rman of the committee on legisla
Given Anto Ride,
This afternoon the delegates were
entertained with an auto ride about
the three cities, from 1 to 2 o'clock
The autos tool- the visitors over Rock
sland arsenal and they were afforded
a nasty view of Moline and Daven,
Tort and the more interesting places
in Rock Island.
The conference opened Saturday ev
ening at the First Methodist church
The first session was attended by a
lar8e number of delegates, who were;
uauBes ma.caung mat tney were
delegates when they registered on en
tering the church. City Attorney J. F.
Witter spoke briefly in extending a
hearty welcome to . the visitors, and
Rev. R. K. Atkinson, on behalf of the
Tri-City Social Service club, also gave
an address of welcome. Miss Kather-
Ine Gest gave a selection on the pipe
organ. Dr.'W. H. C. Smith, president
of the conference, then took up the
real work of fhe conference and spoke
at length on the care of the feeble
minded in Illinois. Dr. Smith was for-
inerly connected with the home
at Lincoln. I was . while he
was there that politics for
the ' first time began to enter
'nto the management of the institu-
yes-ltion, and he saw in a space of four
j years the institution drop from a lead-
la class by itself at the bottom of the
list as far as able management and
efficiency of work was concerned.
Politics la Detrimental.
This system of bartering political
support for positions of importance in
the state institutions grew and flour-
tshed under different administrations,
and now the lecturer thinks it is time
to call a halt. In his belief, the state
cannot treat the feeble minded charges
too well, yet statistics show that dur
lng the last two decades the amount
per capita expended for their benefit
has decreased fully a third. At pres
lent the per capita paid for the care of
the patients at Lincoln is about 1171.68
compared with a per capita of $264.65
for the first decade of its existence
The present per capita is far below
that "given to other state institutions,
and at the same time this state has
more problems to deal with than al
most, any other state, as there are 200
epileptics in the state who can be de-
pended upon to furnish a large number
of charges. for the state.
. Dr. Smith says that the work of car-
ing for and training the feeble minded
children Is a religious work rather than
a political work.. Under the care of
I religious orders, the work flourishes
ence of the speaker the work done un-
failure. However, at that the condl
Hons which were published as the re
suits of the recent legislative inves-
Weak Little Boys
may become fine strong men.
Some of the strong men of to-day
were'sickly boys years ago.
Many of them received
at their mother S knee. ThlShaa
a nower in it that changed them
from weak, delicate boys into
I strong, rODUSt DOyS.
It has the same power to-day.
Boys and girls who are pale and
weak get food and energy out of
Scott's Emulsion. It makes
Send this advertisement, together with name of
paper in which it appear your addrest andKur
cent to cover postal, and we will fend you a
- I HandvAtS of the World'
. I . - r .
SCOTT & BOWNE, 409 Fcarl street, New Tor
tigatlons were not nearly so bad as
thought at first, and politics was re
sponsible for most ot the horrifying
details which were brought to light.
The speaker closed his talk by telling
the value of the application of civil
service principles to the appointments
in the state institutions.
Legislation Committee Reports.
The committee on legislation report
ed to the conference at the session
Saturday evening. The report was
prepared largely by Sherman G. Kings
ley, chairman of the committee. The
report deals with the present child
labor laws, the laws on delinquency, -and
takes up a plea to establish better
conditions for women who are in in
dustrial life. The child labor laws
which are at piesent In force In the
state are considered by the committee
to be commendably strong with the ex
ception of one or two details. Two
weak points in the present laws are
failure to require a better educational
test from children before certificates
allowing them to work are issued and
the fact that so many children are al
lowed to work on the grounds that they
are over 1G years old when it is an un
proved affidavit which allows them to
On the subject of women in Industry
the laws of this state are silent, except
that the constitution is a bar to se
curing a law for the protection of wo
man workers. This same condition
was met with in New York, however,
and was overcome. The laws which
require certain sanitary regulations
and providing of rest rooms are a good
beginning for the protectm, but they
do not go nearly as far as the laws of
most of our sister states.
The subject of industrial insurance
is one of considerable importance in
the report also. In 1905 an industrial
insurance commission was created and
in a report submitted by the commis
sion, within the last year there is a
draft of a bill which will permit agree
ments between employer and employe
on the subject of industrial insurance.
The bill was merely a start on the
great subject of Industrial insurance
and it met with considerable objection
in the house and was not passed, but
it will come up In the future in differ
ent forms until something comes of it,
The report also contained consider-
Eminent Commander of Rock Island Past Commander Hock Islands Com- Past Commander Rock Island Com
Commadery and Chairman of the mandery and Chairman of Music mandery and Member of Enter- . -
able discussion on the present condi
tion of the state charities and on the
juvenile delinquency problem, and
both subjects were thoroughly treated.
Exhibits of Work.
The exhibit of the work done at a
iiumher of the state charitable insti
tutions which is being shown at the
irbrary building is very interesting.
Two of the principal exhibits 8 re from
the training schools for girls at Ge
neva and the school for boys at St.
Charles. .- Both exhibits show consider
able ability or. the- part of those who
made the articles which are on exhi
bition. The boys' school shows some
of the work which 13 , done in metal
forging where hammers, pinchers and
numerous other tools are made almost
as well as those made by regular arti
sans. Besides this there is some won
derful beadwork and some good color
I painting. Three of the boys at the
school have made a map of the con
tinent out of the different things lor
which each section is most noted.
Pieces of fur from different animals I
fiom the northern parts of the land, I
wheat makes a large part of central
Canada, corn and nits and other farm
products nvike- up the central states
and coal, tobacco and other things
are used for the rest of the country,
all coming in in the right place.
The girls from the training school -tl
Geneva have some fancy and plain
needle work t aid toxne fine pencil
sketching and work in basketry on ex
hibition. The rest of the exhibits are
fiom the school for feeble minded
children, at Lincoln, the central hos
piUl for the insane at Jacksonville,
the Illinois ger eral hospital at Barton
ville .the northern hospital for Insane
at Elgin, the southern hospital for the
insane at Anna, the school for the
blind at Jacksonville and Bethany
home of this city. -r
The exhibits include work in manual
treming, basketry, wire work, sewing,
drawing and bead work. . . " ' . . .
The exhibits are open to the public.
- ; Rivar Riplets. .... ,..
The Ruth and Emily were north and
south. The Acorn and Lorene went un
and the Helen Blair departed for the
BIG COMPANY OF
MADE CITY FOR THE CONCLAVE
south. The stage of water was 2.35 at
C a. m. and 2.45 at noon.
LIND MAY TALK AT COLLEGE
Plan Afoot to Have Him Speak at
Dr.' Lindberg of Augustana . college
is endeavoring to arrange for the ap
pearance before the students Wed
nesday morning of ex-Governor John
Lied '-of .-Minnesota: who speaks at a
democratic flag raising in Moline that
evening. The address to the students.
if made, will be non political.
A meeting of students has been
called for this afternoon to organize
a republican club to be a part of th;
College Men's Republican club.
OFFER FREE FARE TO WASHINGTON
Cramer Land Company; 1813 Second
Avenue, to Give Free Round Trip
to Lands Just Opened
in Washington. -Land
on the new - line of the Mil
waukee railway is just thrown on tin
market and our excursion leaves here
Oct. 20. The price of the land I3 514
up. Get in on the ground floor as thi
is the most valuable fruit and farm
ing land ever offered. This offer Is
to you if you buy.. Call for full in
formation. Cramer Land company,
IS13 Second avenue.
Inflammation and Pain.
Caused by insect bites, sprains, con
fusions or other external injuries are
so effectively treated with Salubrin,
that all who have had experience of
Its action in such cases will never be
without it. . All druggists.
Sir knights and ladies Place you."
orders early for flowers for, tha
Knights Templar receptions. Cut
flowers will be scarce. American
beauty and all kinds of roses, lillies
of the valley, violets, carnations, et.
LONG VIEW FLORAL CO.
Both phones. 1115 Fifteenth street.
Rock Isiand Knights Templar.
1 v 1 "
DAVID J. SEARS.
-' MORRIS S. HEAGY.
Past Commander Rock Island Com
mandery and Secretary of the
mHHoa mm l1 ia iiniilllimi.l!!,,jl..I
. CHARLES W. THACHER,
Generallsslmor' Rock Island Com
1 r -A.
First of K. T. Delegations Will Arrive
This Evening, Escorting the
FINAL PREPARATIONS MAD
Committees Complete Arrangements
for Entertainment of Nearly 2,000
Visiters to . City.
PROGRAM FOIl KNIGHTS.
5:15 p. m. Apollo cojimandery, Ji
of Chicago, will arrive at Twentieth
Etreet depot as personal escort d
Itight Eminent Grand Commander
Sinythe Crooks. Taey will be accom
panied by the 1st Regiment band of
31 pieces. - ' -
0 p. m. Columbia commaadery, Xo.
f3, will arrive at Davenport, over the
Kock Island tccoa-pauicj by the d.i:i
8:55 p. m. Sycamore commandery,
Xo. 75, and Freeport commandery, No.
7,' will arrive via the Milwaukee.
10:30 p. .to. Chicago commandery.
No 19, will r.rrive in Moline via the
Rock Island. ;
20:45 p. n. Englewcod command
ery. No. 59, will arrive in Davenport
via the Rou Island accompanied by
the drill corps
! 5:55 a. m. Bethany commandery of
C a. m. Chevalier Bayard command
ery, No. 32; Mont Joie commandery.
No. 53, and Lincoln Park command
ery. No. C4, will all arrive from Chi
cago via th Milwaukee.
C a. m. St. Bernard commander;..
No. 25. wi'l rrrive v!a tho Rock Island
sccomppr.ied ty tho 30th Regimen
(Continued on Page Eight.)
S. J. FERGUSON,
H. A. CLEVEXSTIXE,
Past Commander Rock Island Com
S PRESLEY GREENAWALT,
Captain General of Rock Island Com
, : taandt-rr.