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FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 16.
THE ARGUS. THURSDAY. NOVEMBER 5. 1908.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
COLORADO IS DEMOCRATIC,
BOT MISSOURI MAY NOT BE
NOTED CUBAN DEAD
FRANCE AND GERMANY IfJ
A KJ TIFF OVER AFRICA
Thomas Estrada Palma, First Presi
dent of Island Republic,
THOMAS ESTRADA PALMA.
Indications Are That
"Show We" State Will
AND HADLEY GOVERNOR
Maryland So Close Electoral
Vote is Likely to be
Denver, Nov. 5. Unofficial returns
for the entire state, which are not like
ly to be materially changed, give
Bryan a plurality of 5.577. and Shaf
roth, democrat, for governor, 0,382.
Three democrats were elected to con-
The democrats control both houses
of the legislature. Charles J. Hughes
.lr. will he elected senator to succeed
Harmon In by 2tU0.
Cincinnati. Nov. 5. On the latest
returns Harmon, democrat, for gov
ernor has an estimated plurality of 20,
000. The republicans have apparently
elected the balance of the state ticket
and the legislature is republican. Re
turns are coming in slowly.
May Divide Klectoral Vote.
Baltimore, Nov. 5. Steady republi
can gains shown in the official canvass
of the vote begun at noon apparently
indicate Taft has carried Maryland "by
a safe plurality, although the electoral
vote in all probability will be divided.
Await Official Count.
Baltimore, Nov. 5. The official can
vass of Maryland's vote began today.
but It will be several days before the
count is complete. Nothing definite
has been received to change the latent
report last night giving Taft the state
by 13C votes. This is a slender plu
rality and makes necessary the official
figures before the report can, be ac
curately told.""':' "
At 1 o'clock this afternoon unofficial
returns from every county gave Taft
"a plurality of 210.
MlHMonrl Atvntta Count. ,
St. Louis, Nov. 5. Unofficial returns
from 114 of the 115 counties, 8C of th
counties being complete, give Taft a
plurality of 479 and Hadley a plurality
of 15,153. Only the official count can
decide the complexion of the electoral
Hartley's Election Sure.
St. Louis, Nov. 5. Returns compiled
early today from every county give
Taft a lead over Bryan in Missouri of
C7 votes. The same tables give Had
ley for governor a lead of 15,148, mak
ing his election over cowherd an ab
Claim Missing County.
The missing county Is Morgan. The
republican state committee claims this
for Taft by a plurality of 360 votes.
two less than received by Roosevelt
over Parker four years ago. On this
basis Taft's lead In the state is now
839, but in the absence of complete
figures this result is far from decisive,
(Continued on Page Eight)
BRYAN CONGRATULATES TAFT AND
THE LATTER AT ONCE RESPONDS
Lincoln, Neb., Nov. .5. Bryan this
morning sent the foil-owing telegram
to President-elect Taft: "Please ac
cept congratulations and best wishes
for the success of your administra
tion. . WILLIAM J. BRYAN."
Repllm Id Kind.
Cincinnati, Nov. 5 Taft today re
plied to Bryan's telegram of congratu
lations as follows: "I thank you sin
cerely for your cordial and courteous
telegram of congratulation and good
Taft addressed the general confer
SOUTH DAKOTA DIVORCE MILL KNOCKED
OUT AS A RESULT OF THE ELECTION
Sioux Falls. S. D., Nov. 5. From the
scattering returns received on the new
divorce law it is believed it has been
approved by a large majority of the
voters. This la expected to put tha
divorce mills, which have made the
etate a byword, out of business.
The amendment to the constitution,
which was aimed at "easy" divorces,
and which is believed to have been
adopted by the voters, requires a resi
dence of one year in order to become
a lejal resident of the state and eligi
ble 'to apply to the courts for release
from matrimonial bonds. Hitherto only
six months' residence has been neces
THE NEXT CONGRESS
o n (
g v 3 y 3
Georgia ....... .... 11
! Missouri 16
! Montana 1
Nebraska ' 6
New Hampshire . . 2
New Jersey 10
New York 37
North Carolina.... 10
North Dakota . 2
Pennsylvania .... 32
Rhode Island 2
South Carolina ... 7
South Dakota .... 2
Utah .. 1
West Virginia 5
Wisconsin ' 11
Totals 391 213 178 59 33
Majority .. . . .V. . . . 35
VON BUEL0W MUST EXPLAIN
Members of Reichstag Vote to Inter
pellate German Chancellor.
Berlin. Nov. 5. The reichsia
assemoiea yesieraay auernoon. i.ong
before the designated hour the mem -
bors iratherPd in th lnhhie nd thp
Ulrs Sfl"e"e" iiw iwuuien ami tae;months m various prisonS, his last
coiminiiee rooms ana aiscusseu me
position of Chancellor von Buelow
arising iru.u ine puDiicaiion in ojoh-
don last week of the interview be
tween Emperor William and an "un
Neither the chancellor nor any min
ister appeared at yesterday's session,
and the house faced a row of empty
Four interpellations were moved
asking the 'chancellor to explain th-?
imperial interview. Two were by so
cialists, one by a radical and another
by a conservative. The house carried
by a large majority a resolution to
postpone discussion of these Interpel
lations to another sitting. The im
pression is that Prince von Buelow
will be supported by a majority In the
ence of the Woman's Foreign Mission
ary society of the Methodist Episcopal
church, giving enthusiastic commenda
tion of foreign mission work. The
speaker was warmly and enthusiasti
cally received by members ot the con
ference. Make n Demonstration.
Each had provided herself with a
small American flag and the presence
of Taft was a signal for a pretty dem
onstration. At the end of his speech
he was overwhelmed with personal
congratulations on hi3 success at the
Another provision requires that all
divorce cases shall be heard at a reg
ular term of court. This will wipe out
the practice of hearing divorce cases
"In chambers" during court terms as
well as In the intervals between terms.
The secrecy which has enabled ap
plicants to secure divorces without the
general public becoming aware of the
fact, brought the law into disfavor, and
Is believed to W one cause of the
eagerness of the voters to decrease
the floating population of the state.
. The new law is to take effect imme
diately after : the state canvassing
board .officially announces the result
of theote, which will be in December.
HIS CAREER REMARKABLE
Considered Himself Head of Govern
ment for Many Years Before
Santiago. Nov. 5. Thomas Estrada
Palma, the first president of the Cu
ban republic, died last night.
Native of Inland.
Thomas Estrada Palma was born in
1835 in the province of Bayamo, where
his father was a rich land, owner and
cattle raiser. The boy had all the
advantages money could give him. He
studied under a private teacher at
homeland finally was sent to Spain to
.enter the university at Seville. There
' he was graduated in the law and it
was his intention to become a barrister
That he was never to achieve this
ambition was due to the spread of the
revolutionary fury. His return to the
island was followed by the mutterings
that preceded the long fight for lib
erty. His father died and it devolved
upon the young man to manage the
estate. The war began. The Span
iards, besides confiscating his lands,
captured his mother and practically
.tortured her to death.
"They tortured her in an effort to
extort from her information she did
not possess," he said, iu desciibing
his bereavement years aftetward, "and
then they left her half dead in the
woods,, where, after wandering for
days, she was rescued, too late to save
Lived with Soldiers In Daub.
Casting his lot with the revolution
ists, giving them what ready money
he could raise, and fighting with them
whenever the chance came, he quick
ly rose to leadership, was chosen a
deputy, and finally became president
of the provisional government. This
government was a migratory estab
lishment, moving its headquarters as
i often as the enemy made it necessary,
but it was recognized by the natives
none the less, and Cuba Libre contin-
with General Maximo Gomez as his
secretary of war.
While on a march with a few troops
Palma was captured by the Spanish
1 captain, Mozo Viejo. Having spent a
, d Morro oastle HavaJ1, he
iwa '7 to gnain I.h ' he nen; 10
a9.?ent.to Sp7in' hcre he V1. "
atnn ,,oiT10. , fnrtrR nf Piiirns
, h footMHR of the Pvrenees. It
I was there that he again proclaimed
himself president of the republic.
I Marries and Coium to United State.
J When they let him go free, in 1878,
the 10 years' war was over, and Spain
. had tightened its .grip on the island
to bitch an extent that it was useless
for him to return. Hevent to Hon
duras, of which republic he became
postmaster general. There he married
and he and his bride moved to Orange
county, N. Y. They established a
school for- the education of boys from
the South American republics and con
ducted it for 20 years.
Paima did not consider it extraor
dinary that he, a county schoolmaster
of New York state, should be trans
formed suddenly into president of the
republic of Cuba.
In his own mind he had been the
legal possessor of the high title nearly
30 years before he was installed May
20, 1902. Had not the revolutionists
formally elected him their leader be
tween skirmishes with the Spanish ty
rants in the 10 years' war? To his
peaceful neighbors at Central Valley,
N. Y., he said little, but the few who
knew his history had heard how he
persisted in claiming the office, even
in the midst of captivity in the Span
"I am president of the Cuban re
public," he had said to his guards,
when they demanded his "occupation"
in the course of a census at the battle
mented prison among the Pyrenees in
1878. .. .
Right Restored by Election.
His election, therefore, after the
Spanish-American war, he looked upon
merely as a restoration of his rights.
With, no special election, though with
the modesty that has always charac
terized him, he leaped out of enforced
obscurity Into the Havana palace once
occupied by the gay lived captains
general of Spain."
As if he had been accustomed to the
new position in all the decades of re
tirement, he went about the complex
task of running a government with as
much apparent confidence as he had
shown when he established a private
academy in the United States to tide
over his banishment.
Lower Rail Rates Ordered.
Little Rock, Ark., Nov. 5. The stat?
railroad commission yesterday voted
to issue an order to the railroads
against their charging a 3 cent pas
senger rate. All the railroads are now
charging this rate and heavy penalty
suits will follow. - . v.
titers - r 'A J
X f. A
First President of the Cub m Republic Who is Dead.
PRINCIPLES TO TRIUMPH:
BRYAN MAKES STATEMENT
Lincoln, Nov. 5. Bryan today is
sued a statement in which he slated
" of the fact all the returns were not in
to analyze them or say what caused
or contributed the most to the decisiv-3
republican victory. H. felt confident,
however, that the people will see the
necessity for and will commend the
reforms embodied In the democratic
platform, especially those demanding
publicity of campaign contributions,
election of senators by popular vote,
elimination of the principle of private
... ,u .
" u.. ...m-.p
duction. protection to bank depositors.
more effective railroad regulation, and
independence of . the Filipinos.
I" mine National Committee.
He spoke in commendation of the
Alabama ; 11 50,000 ... 11
Arkansas 9 .." 25,000 ... 9
California , .... 10 ... 60,000 10 ...
Colorado 5 5,000 5 ...
Connecticut 7 ... 38,000 7 ...
Delaware '. 3 ... 3,000 ... 3 ...
Florida 5 - 15,000 ... 6
Georgia 13 .......T 30,000 ... 13
Idaho 3 ... .20,000 2 ...
Illinois 27 ... 175,000 27 ...
Indiana 15 ... 10,000 15 ...
Iowa... 13 ... 50,000 13 ...
Kansas 10 ... 28,000 ....... 10 ...
Louisiana ...... :
Nebraska ... . . .i.
North Dakota .
Rhode Island .
South Dakota .
Tennessee . . . .
Washington . . .
Majority . .
work of he national committee, say
ing he could not see how they could
have done more to bring about victory
for the democratic cause. As for him
self he says: T put forth every effort
in my power to secure victory for our
cause. The nomination came from
the hands of the . voters and I have
obeyed tneir command and have led
as best I could. Words will not ex
press my gratitude for the devotion
which has been shown by millions of
demccrats during the past 12 years.
Neither am I able to adequately ex
press my appreciation for the kind
words which have been spoken since
I Pemonal Bleaalnar.
"If I could regard the defeat as a
personal one I would consider is a
32,000 6 ...
136 ....... 1 7
70,000 16 ...
118,720 14 ...
50,000 :.' 11 ...
10 50,000 ... 10
18 10,000 18 ...
3,000 ...J... 3 ...
8 10,000 8 ...
3 ..u 3,000 3 ...
25,000 4 ...
.. 70,000 ....... 12 ...
309 174 1,638,762 438,904 338 140
facts about election I
Carried by Taft 30 States
Carried by Bryan .16 States
Hma m ice
Republicans .. 208
Democrats ... 183
Total vote cast for Taft 562.264
Total vote cast fop Bryan 412,664
Total vote cast for Deneen 522,935
Total vote cast for Stevenson.. 500,909
Republicans ... 89
Democrats .... 63
Republicans ... 38
Rep. majority on joint ballot 76
Canal bond issue Apparently wins
Bank law amendment. Probably carried
blessing rather than a misfortune, for
I am relieved of the burdens and re
sponsibilities of an office that Is at
tractive only in proportion as it gives
the opportunity to render a larger pub
lic service. But I shall serve as wil
lingly in a private capacity as In a
public one. God does not require
great things of us. He only requires
we should improve the opportunities
for service, presented by private life."
D. A. R. CLOSES ITS SESSION
Gathering at Jacksonville One of Most
Successful Ever Held.
Jacksonville, 111., Nov. 5. The state
conference of the D. A. R. ' closed its
session yesterday. The session has
been one of the most successful ever
held and was free from any sharp con
tests or excitement . The officers for
the state were- elected .as follows
Regear'SIri. ""John "C7 Ames,
Secretary Mrs. C. E. Dickson, Jack
Treasurer Mrs. G. Elwood Mac-
Historian Mrs. Edwin C. Walker.
Vice president general from Illinois
Mrs. Charles V. Hickox, Springfield.
For the office of vice president gen
eral, Mrs. Frederick W. Beeker of Chi
cago and Mrs. Ralph Emerson of
Streator were placed in nomination,
but Mrs. Beeker withdrew in favor of
FOWLER SEEKS SPEAKER'S JOB
Chairman of Committee on Banking
New York, Nov. 5. Charles N. Fow
ler, chairman of the committee on
banking and currency of the house of
representatives and' representative
from the Fifth district of New Jersey,
has just -been elected for the eighth
time, receiving a plurality of about
9,030. He now announces himself as
a candidate for speaker of the house
in the Sixty-first congress, upon the
"The house of representatives shall
elect a board of managers, consisting
of seven members, which shall be
charged with that direction of legis
lation which now is assumed by the
speaker of the house."
Mr. Fowler was a student at Yale
while President-elect Taft was there,
but was not a member of the same
TO PENSION MISSIONARIES
Woman's Society of Methodist Church
Provide for Veteran Workers.
Cincinnati, Ohio, Nov. 5. Pensions
for relieved missionaries were provid
ed for in the closing session of the Wo
man's Foreign Missionary society of
the Methodist Episcopal church today.
Mrs. W. F. McDowell of Evanston, 111.,
wife of Bishop McDowell, was elected
HAZERS WILL BE EXPELLED FROM
STATE UNIVERSITY, SAYS JAMES
Urbana, 111. Nov. 5. President Ed
mund J. James of the University of
Illinois , has issued an address to the
students on the subject of basing, in
which he declared that the sport will
not be tolerated and that any student
found guilty ot hazing will be dis
missed from the university. . '
- President James said: "There should
be no misunderstanding on the part
of - the student body or -the general
public as to the attitude of the au
thorities of the University of Illinois
on the subject of hazing.- It is a rule
of the board of trustees that students
found guilty of hazing shall be dis
Former's Treatment of
- Latter's Counsel
Stirs Up Ire.
CASABLANCA IS SCENE
Kaiser's Government Insists
Upon Apology Wilt Not
Berlin. Nov. 5. The viewpoint ot
Germany in the Casablanca difficulty
is explained officially by the foreign
office this morning. "All we demand,'
said an official, "is a Blmple expression
of regret from France for violence em
ployed against German consular offi
cials at Casablanca. Unless this Is
forthcoming, there would be no object
In conducting further negotiations. We
cannot permit this point to be submit
ted to arbitration, for we regard It as
a point of national honor that such re
gret should be expressed."
Part la Not Worried.
Paris, Nov. 5. While it is not be
lieved in official circles Germany will
go to the extent of making the Casa
blanca incident the subject of an ulti
matum, a considerable degree of dis
quietude exists here and the opinion
continues to be held Germany is seek
Ing to inflict diplomatic humiliation
Cabinet Stand Firm.
An extraordinary session of the cab
inet was held this afternoon and a de
cision not to accede to the German de-'
mands was unanimously ratified. At
the same time it was agreed France
should show its conciliatory disposi
tion by offering a mode of egress from
the present deadlock that should b
honorable to both countries.
. It is rumored here this afternoon
Prince von Radolln, German . ambas
sador, has been recalled. The report
could not be verified.
CHINESE GLAD TO
SEE THEM. DEPART?
Battleships Given Demonstration When
They Leave Amoy to Join the
Amoy, Nov. 5. The second squad
ron of the American battleship fleet,
which, under the command of Rear
Admiral Emory, has been in Amoy
since Oct 30 as the guest of the gov
ernment of China, left this morning
for Olongampo to join the first squad
ron under Admiral Sperry. The ves
sels should reach there the morning
of Nov. 8. The departing warships
were given a demonstration In marked
contrast to the apathy which was no
ticeable on their arrival.
RECEIVER FOR AUTO COMPANY
Action Affects Rainier Motor Concern,
with Offices in New York.
New York, Nov. 5. -An involuntary
petition in bankruptcy was filed yes
terday against the Rainier Motor com
pany, which has offices and warerooms
for the sale of automobiles in this city
and has its factory at Saginaw, Mich.
The petitioners are Pembroke C.
Chrysler. William J. Hlgglns and the
Hartford Suspension company. Jesse
Watson was appointed receiver, -i-, ,
The petitioners say that between'
Oct. 26 and Nov: 2 the alleged bank
rupt corporation transferred $3,000 In
cash to the bank of Saginaw and al
lowed the Auto Crankshaft company
and the Eclipse Foundry company to
secure attachments on the factory at
Saginaw. They further allege that a
large number of notes are overdue and
The assets are asserted to be worth
more than $200,000 and the liabilities
missed from the universitv. . Since'
this rule went into effect all students
who have been, clearly Droved rniltr
of nazing have been dismissed.
Hazing is a violation of rood man
ners - and of ; the right of . individual
liberty. It is provocative of public
disorder. In Its milder forma it la a
nonsensical and almost idiotic form of
amusement, unworthy ot the support'
or favor of any sensible university
student, in its -coarser forms nazing
is a vulgar, brutal, always demoral
izing and sometimes dangerous form
of sport, which the university cannot
countenance or tolerate."