Newspaper Page Text
V - -
FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 37.
THE ARGUS. MOAY; NOVEMBER 30, 1908. TEX PAGES.
PRICE TWCT CENTS.
RECOVER THE BODIES OF 110
VICTIMS OF HE HORROR
Many Others Are Known
to be Dead at Mar
- ianna, Pa.
SOME BLOWN TO PIECES
Americans Who Are Bereaved
Show Remarkable Control
RECENT MINE DISASTERS.
1902 Fraterville, Tenn. ... 200
1902 Rolling . Mil mine,
Pennsylvania ... 105
1903 Hanna, Wyo 175
1904 Tercio, Cal 21
1905 Virginia City, Ala.... 152
1905 Ziegler, III 35
1905 Coal mine in Prussia 55
1905 Kurtslsk, Russia 300
1905 Welsh coal mine 120
1905 Wilcox, W. Va 35
1906 The .Courriere mine,
Calais, France 1,060
1906 Japan .. 250
1906 West Fork, Va 75
1907 Fayetteville, W. Va.. 80
1907 Saarbruck, Prussia .. 200
1907 Las Esperanza, Mex
1907 Forbach, Germany .. 75
1907 Toyoka, Japan 470
1907 Tsing Tau, China ... 112
1907 Monongahela, W. Va. 398
1907 Yolande, Ala 81
1908 Hanna, Wyo. ... ... 120
1908 McAlester, Okla 30
1908 Hamm, Germany 339
1908 Monongahela, Pa. ..'.-125
Pittsburg, Nov. 30. Eighty-two bod
ies have been recovered from the Mar
lanna""mlfie J'of the Pittsburg-Buffalo
Coal company. Thirty more have been
located, and will be brought to the
surface during the day. Of the vic
tims . 23 Americans have been Identi
fied. Some Burled I'ndrr Drbrla.
At 1 this afternoon 110 bodies had
been recovered and. more than CO had
been identified. A number of bodies
burled under fallen workings will not
be recovered for several days. Others
have been blown to fragments and are
being picked up piecemeal.
Gt 23 Bodied.
Pittsburg, Nov. 30. Twenty-five bod
ies, all but two of them horribly mu
tilated, and a number of them dis
membered, were taken yesterday from
the mine of the Pittsburg-Buffalo Coal
company at Marlanna, 40 miles south
of here, where an explosion occurred
Saturday, killing many men and cast
ing into gloom what was until then
considered the model mining town of
No Record of Vletlmn. -,
As in nearly all mine disasters, there
IN EAST CAUSE
OF 700 DEATHS
fhpfno rhtna vnv Sft Tm .tannn.
cse steamships' collided off this port thrown over the bridge by highway
today. Details are lacking. It is re-j men or accidentally fell from the struc
ported a total of 700 -were drowned. jture. "
IS PAUL REVERE S RIDE BUT A MYTH?
LETTER BY HANCOCK SO INDICATES
New York, Nov. 30. Walter Benja
min, a publisher, - has a.-, document
' - which he believes proves that Paul
Revere never made the midnight ride
attributed tp him fey Longfellow and
tradition.. : : "
' The possession of Mr. Benjamin is a
letter from John Hancock to Elbridge
Gerry, dated Lexington, April 18, 1775,
at 9 o'clock. " This was the night be
fore the fcat,tle, and three hours before
Reverei v according v to . Longfellow,
"Crossed tha : bridge into '; Medford
torrid " ' " .
The letter reads: - .
"Dear Sir I am v much obliged for
your notice. It is said the officers are
. eone along tha Concord roaa, ana
wilt - end word thither. I am fully
agreed with you that we ought" to ,be
serious and I hope your decision 'will
be effectual. I Intend doing myself the
Pleasure of being with you tomorrow
My .respect to thd committee. I am
your real friend, Jonn iancocn.
seems no way at present of knowing
how many men went to work. The
number check-off system again has
proved defective and from no source
can an accurate statement as to the
fatalities be secured.
It is possible that the exact number
of men killed will never, be. known.
Up to darkness last night 25 bodies
had been brought to the surface in an
iron bucket. Arms, legs or heads were
missing from some and the trunks Mf
others were burned, bruised and cut.
Two of the men taken from the mine
yesterday had been suffocated, and
their bodies were not even scratched.
One of these was John Ivill, a cousin
of John H. Jones, president of . the
Pittsburg-Buffalo Coal company, own
er of the mine, wjio wa3 employt. as
head time-keeper. Kill's body was
found beneath a coal-digging machine,
and it was apparent that the young
man had crawled there in a vain effort
to escape the deadly, fumes. . - 1
: The body of the other man was found
near Kill's. The unfortunate had plac
ed his face in a pool of water, which
all miners are advised to do when an
explosion occurs, in a desperate at
tempt to fight off suffocation until res
cued. InqneNt in PoMlponed.
The coroner of Washington county
held a meeting yesterday afternoon to
organize a jury and then adjourned
until all the bodies have been taken
from the mine.
The opinion was expressed yester
day by a number of expert miners that
Uhe mine will not be cleared of vic
tims for several days. ,
. Conditions about the mouth of the
jmine were disagreeable yesterday. A
drizzling rain fell and the weather
grew cold. Many relatives' of the vic
tims stood all day close to the ropes
around the shaft, but there were-few
of the harrowing scenes usually asso
ciated with a mine explosion. Most of
the relatives are English-speaking peo
ple, who bear their grief in silence. It
is estimated that one-fourth of the. vie
tims are Americans:
Search for Dead Slow.
As rapidly as possible the work of
recovering the dead is being carried
on. At short intervals new men are
sent into the mine to relieve others
searching for the. dead. Owing, to. the
dangerous gases and the' mass 'of
wreckage in the. mine the work is slow
and is being carried on with great pre
Experts from Pennsylvania and West
Virginia are in charge of the work of
exploration and are being assisted ma
terially by J. W. "Paul and Clarence
Hall of the United States experimen
tal and testing station located in Pitts
TWO-CENT FARE IS ',
United States Supreme Court Upholds
the Ruling of, Virginia Railroad
Washington, Nov. 30. The supreme
court of the United States today held
the order of the Virginia slate rail
road' commission fixing a 2 cent pas
senger rate on state business consti
tutional, reversing the opinion of the
Court below. . . .. !
BODY FOUND UNDER BRIDGE
fv-ystery in Ceath of St. Paul Manufac
turer at Minneapolis.
St Paul. Nov. 30. The body of John
B. Gedney, one of the proprietors of
the .Gedney Pickle company, was found
under a bik'ce at Minneapolis yester
day with the skull fractured. It is not
l known yet whether he was robbed and
Mr., Benjamin says if Hancock of the
committee of safety knew at 9 o'clock
troops had 'gone along the Concord
road. Lexington and Concord were
fully, aroused to the danger of the com.'
lng . British troops and there would
have been-nd need for Paul Revere to
send : ' .. . -
Through the night hi3 cry of alarm
To every Middlesex vlllagojaud farm
The guarded expression in the note,
Benjamin says, were due to the troub
lous times when Hancock might ex
pect to have his Taai seized and did
not want to have his correspondence
betray more information than was ab
The evidence of the Hancock letter
to Gerry has teen made known before
for it was published In 1828 in the rare
"Life of Gerry. but the date with the
hour of 9 o'clock was omitted, so that,
printed with others It. caused no com
ment. In the original copy, the date is
there in Hancock's writing. V "
Isthmian Canal Commission Gives An
; nual Accounting of Progress'
HAS EXPENDED $84,572,998
Labor Question Said to Be Solved and
Death Rate Has Been Cut in '
s Half- During Year.
Washington, Nov. 30 It has thus
far cost the United States S84.572.998
for the construction of the Panama
canal, according to the annual report
of the isthmian canal commission, "in
which the various phases of the con
struction work are taken up in detail.
The federal government has made
total appropriations of $120,964,408 for
the canal, and there is thus a balance
of more than S36,0po,00ft..stili available
out of the old appropriations
The report shows that work has
been pushed in a vigorous manner at
all points during the year. A reorgan
ization of the work in the canal zone
is in progress, under which authority
will be concentrated better, responsi
bility . in any specmc instance nxed
more accurately and the cost of admin
istration reduced. . .
, . Ilaa Divided Zone.
The canal zone has been divided
into three parts, each of which is to
constitute a division under ' the de
parfment of construction and engin
eerlng, the division engineers report
ing directly to the chief engineer.
The , report states that the labor
question may be taken as solved on
the Isthmus, inasmuch as the total
excess of Immigration over emigra
tion last ' year' was nearly 18,000. In
regard to labor the report also says:
"A net decrease in the skilled force
was made during the year, yet there
were almost as many new employes
as in the preceding year, the number
of men employed being 5,200 and 5.800
respectively for the two years, Indica
ting the shifting character of the force
and showing that it is practically re
newed every year. A radical change,
however, has taken place in the source
of supply. There were 1,828 men em
ployed In the United States, as against
3,038 the. year before, while the num
bet. employed on the isthmus has in
creased from 2,780 to 3.3S2." " '
A large Amount of sanitary work has
Ween done and the death rate greatly
decreased. In the cities of Panama
and Colon streets have been cleaned
and paved, garbage removed, drains
built and "waterworks constructed."
' ' Death Rate Deereanea.
In regard to the death rate the re
"If, with the shifting character of
the population, the death rate and sick
rata can 'be taken as a criterion for
general health conditions, they k have
been considerably 'improved, for with
an average of 43,057 names on the pay
rolls the death rate per thousand was
18.32, less than half that of the pre
vious year. For the white force, taken
at an average of 12,058, given by the
pay rolls, the rate was 15.34 per thous
and, and with a force of blacks aver
aged at 30,999, the death rate was
19.48 per thousand, less than half that
of the previous year. The large de
crease in the death rate among the
blacks is attributed to better sanita
tion, but, primarily, according to the
statements of the doctors, to the bet
ter food,' enabling them to offer great
er resistance to disease."
EXHUME PAINTER'S BODY
Paris Authorities Seek Poison in
Mme. Steinheil's Alleged Victims.
Paris," Nov. 30. All the' new light.
thrown on the murder of Adolphe
Steinheil and Mme. Japy goes to
strengthen the conviction that Mme.
Steinheil either strangled the victims
alone after administering a narcotic or
poison, subsequently binding herself to
her. bed, or Lad an accomplice.
The "body of the murdered painter
was disinterred yesterday,"but the sur
geons found that it was in such a state
of decomposition as to make it an im
possibility to perform a complete
autopBV., Then contented themselves
with'taking away the viscera for chem
ical analysis In order to discover, if
possible, traces of poison.
Testimony from every quarter seems
td; upset completely the charge that
the late President Felix Faure was the
Victim of criminal dealing, but even M.
Dupuy, his premier, does not deny
that 'Mme. Steinheil was! with him
shortly before he expired, ,
. Expect 4,000 at Meet .
' Washington, Noy.: 30. Reports J.
F. Ellison, secretary of the. national
rivers '.and l-arbors congress. Indicates
that the attendance will be fully 4,000
when the congress assembles here on
December 9 to emphasize1 the needs of
waterways development to 'meet '"the
growing ' demands of trade and com
merce. :- '
. r. ' Finally Win' Davis Cup.
; Melbourne, Nov. 30. The Australian
players . tP4y won the Davis cup,' fn -
ally defeating Wrisht apd .Alexander,
the American contestants. - ,-
Gen. Stevenson Said to
Have Decided to Fight
HAS MUCH EVIDENCE
Party Managers Express Be
lief That There Were Many
Chicago, Nov. 30. According to the
Record-Herald Adlai E. Stevenson
purposes a contest against Charles S.
Deneen for the governorship of Illinois
for the coming four years.
"The democratic candidate," the
Record-Herald says, "has been brought
to the belief that he received a ma
jority of the votes cast as between
himself and Governor Deneen at the
recent 'election, and final plans were
made yesterday to attempt to throw
the governorship into the approaching
session of the Illinois general assem
bly. ' .
. "At a conference held yesterday af
ternoon at the Sherman house there
were present Charles Boeschenstein of
the state committee; Arthur W.
Charles of Carmi, vice chairman;
George A. Cooke of Aledo, secretary;
Roger C. Sullivan, democratic national
committeeman; a contingent of repre
sentative Chicago ( democrats and
friends of the democratic gubernator
Maken a Statement.
"At the . close of the conference
Chairman Boeschenstein made this
""We would not be performing our
duty to the people of Illinois were we
not to make public the testimony
which we have secured since election
day, testimony which will convince
the legislature that thousands of votes
were wrongfiillrfOMMtffl. , for-nnnaarr
StyettsonV,Th4 ,cbuestsurely win -be-
made. - Mr SteveH son has given the
word and our evidence is nearly com
rThe state chairman pointed to a
it a. of, manuscript which contained
rorts which democratic precinct cap
tains have been sending in from over
the state. These purport to show Ir
regularities on the part of election of
ficials all over the state sufficient in
number to wipe out the 23,164 plural
ity for Governor - Deneen which the
official canvass developed." -,
POPE IS ILL BUT
Physicians Assert That Only Complete
Rest is Needed to Restore Him
to Health. '
Rome, Nov. 30. Pop? Pius X had a
slight fever today and was oliligod to
emain in bed. The doctors, after a
careful examination announced with
proper rest they felt sure no compila
tions would arise. AH audiences have
been suspi-i-red. . - '
CHICAGO LIMITED WRECKED
One Kltied and Many Hurt When Pitts
burg t Western Trains Crash.
Pittsburg. Nov. 30 One man was
killed, five others seriously injured
and many passengers badly shaken up
when the Chicago Limited on the Pitts
burjr & Western branch of the Balti
more .& Ohio railroad crashed into a
"buckled" freight train neat Valencia,
Pa., about 20 miles north of here early
today. : ' :
Chicago, Nov. .20.' "We know it Is
only, a .matter 'of time-when you will
get us anyway, so we may as well sub
mit gracefully." This message over
the telephone todajr reached Peter
Dratzburg of the United States secret
service from one of two men who had
flooded ; Milwaukee a venue" Business ! nounced that he intends to resume res
huuses with spurious' $3 bills to'the-ldence with his wife at Denver as soon
aggregate of J3.000. , - - as Jie finishes this painting. . ,
"Come over and ' make the pinch." i i
added the voice, which named the
meeting "place. v
Shortly afterward Dratzburg appear
ed at the federal building with his two
j prisoners, Gustav Bayer -and Henry
I Michaels. They said they had grown
tired of trying tif elude the detectives,
John, D. Archbold Says Standard Oil
Company Was Formed to.
HOLDINGS IN MANY STATES
White Capital Stock Was Placed at But
$3,500,000, Property Was Worth
New York,-Nov. 30. Resuming tes
timony today in the government's suit
to dissolve the Standard Oil company,
John D. Archbold, vice president of
the company, was questioned about
the'' Vilas, Keith and Chester agree
ment in 1879. Archbold said the agree
ment was made as a simple method of
holding property in' the interest of
Telia ,of Agreement.
Archbold told of the trust agreement
of 1882. He'said all shareholders of
the Standard and beneficiaries of the
Vilas, Keith and ; Chester . agreement
signed the' agreement and 20 trust cer
tlflicates were issued for each single
share" of Standard stock. '
"The capital stock of the Standard
was $3,500,000," said Archbold, "but
the plant's property was valued at $70,
000,000: Other Not Safe.
Archbold then gave the reason for
the formatition of the Standard Oil
trust, saying: "It was done as a sim
ple and effective form of holding the
property. We were advised by counsel
that neither the Standard Oil company
of Ohio nor any other corporation
could effectually or safely, perhaps,
hgld the property, which was wide
spread in many states whose laws
were restrictive of the right of cor
porations. Token of Onoemhlp.
'The trusteeship was suggested as a
simple method of bringing together
the property and form a token of own
ership which would have a market
value and enable the owners to have
a more effective administration."
WILL PAY ROADS MONTHLY
Quarterly System of Compensation for
. Mail Service Abandoned.
, ..Wa&MngLoq,. Nov. 30. A' ruling oti
vast importance' to the ailroad3. of the
country carrying' Pnifed States mails
has been made by the second assistant
postmaster general. " Heretofore it has
been the practice of the postoffice de
partment to make quarterly payments
for such service, but the railroads con
tended that as a matter of rlghtand
justice settlements should be made
monthly, as in the case ' with otner
For some time past the Rock Island
system, through Guy Adams, its super
intendent of mails, has negotiated with
the department to this end, with the
result that notification Vas received
by . Mr. Adams yesterday that com
mencing Jan. 1 next monthly payments
would be made. .'
The aggregate amount Involved each
year Is over $48,000,000, and the new
ruling will liave the effect of putting
in circulation a considerable sum eacli
TO RUN ELECTRIC LINE
"Hurry Up" Yost Named By Corpora
tion in, Tennessee.
McMinnvlllt Tenn., Nov. 30. Field
ing H. Yost, Michigan's football coach,
will have an opportunity to show his
talent in a different line, according to
announcement of the Great Falls
River and Power company which has
named Yost as trustee and general
manager succeeding theVlate C. H.
Fiske. The aim is to operate an elec
tric line connecting the middle, and
east Tennessee towns between Chat
tanooga and Nashville and in a county
where no railroads have been built
since the civil war. The power will
be furnished by the Great Falls near
here. Yost, who married a Tennessee
girl, is expected to take charge at
ff. H. LEAVITT TO RETURN
Bryan's Son-In-Law Says He' Will Re
join Wife After Finishing Painting
Paris. Nov.- 30. The Societe des
Beaux Arts arranging an elaborate
collection of canvases by its members
to be sent to America early in 1909 for
exhibition at the principal cities. W.
H. Leavitt,' William Jennings Bryan's
son-in-law, . has been asked to take
charge of the exhibition and act as
the American representative of the so
ciety. Mr. Leavitt, who Is engaged in
the completion of a ISTge , painting,
"The Last Supper," for which promin
ent prelates and artists posed, has not
yet accepted. ' Mr. Leavitt has , an-
COMBINE - ALL
I "... -
Prosecutors at Springfield Would Fin
: Ish 35 Cases at One Time. -
" "Springfield, 111., Nov.- '36. If plans
now under consideration by the public
prosecutors of Sangamon county are
TO SEIZE PORT AU BE
realized one of the biggest cases
in the history of the country willjbe
called for trial .In the circuit court
here early next year. It is probable
that the court will be asked if all the
cases against the alleged rioters in the
August outbreak in Springfield may be
tried at once.- If the court consents,
indictments against the thirty-five de
fendants, charging conspiracy, will be
asked of the next grand jury and the
cases will be tried in a consolidated
hearing, with thirty-five defendants, a
score of lawyers for the defense and
probably three or four prosecutors.
The plan is offered in the interest of
economy. . - Five cases already have
been tried without a conviction, and it
is estimated that separate hearings
will cost the county $10,000.
Lafayette Trust Company of
- York Fail to Open Doors
VICTIM OF PANIC YEAR AGO
Failure Attributed to Refusal by State
of Permit to Increase the
New York, Nov. 30. The Lafayette
Trust company, a reorganization of
the Jenkins Trust company of Brook
lyn which went down in the financial
panic a year ago, did not open for
business today. Officers of the insti
tution decided to give up the struggle
and permit the ..institution to go into
- Rrfunrd Increase of Capital.
Failure to obtain an increase of cap-
jital, which the officers maintain was
I essential to the continuation of the
bank.was assigned as the-reason for
the action. An officer of the bank said
the depositors will receive 100 cents
on the dollar. , .
CLAIMED FOR AUSTIN
Attorneys for Charles E. Davis Now oh
Trial for Murder Make
Omaha, Nov. 30. Tl.atirf Frederick
Rust in, for whose murde-the trial of
Charles E. Davis bej,an today, was af
flicted with a suicidal mania for two or
three years -prior to being shot, and
that he finally accomplished his own
death, will be the 'main defense .of
fered by Davis attorneys during-the
present trial. Wben court convened
the room was excessively crowded.
FAMILY CAUGHT ON BRIDGE
Woman is Killed and Husband and
, Child Are Injured Seriously.
Stevens Point. Wis., Nov. 30. Mrs.
John T. Langosky was killed, her hus
band and youngest son seriously In
jured and three other children had
narrow escapes when caught by an ex
press tram from the west on the Wis
consin Central bridge over the Wiscon
sin river yesterday. .They heard the
train coming and were hurrying to es
cape when the engine came in sight
around a curve. Three children ran
ahead and got off, but Langosky, his
wife and ycungest son were caught
about ten test from the end of the
bridge. The woman was ground to
death under the wheals and the father
and son were shoved off onto the rocks
below. They were in the crowd of
sightseers who had gone over the
track of the recent cyclone, viewing
Call for Banks' Condition.
, Washington, 'Nov. 30. The comp
troller of the currency today issued a
call on the n&tional hanks for a state:
ment of their condition at the close of
business Nov. 27. -
W. J. BRYAN PROVES SOME HUNTEtl;
HAS HAND TO HAND FIGHT VITH BEAR
i Galveston,1 TexV Nov. 30. William
Jennings Bryan, who is after-big game
Hn the mountains of Chihuahua, Mex
ico, had an, encounter with a big hear
in which he came near losing bis life-.
After he and other members of the
party had chased and fired upon the
bear the animal tumbled over and lay
motionless fo - several minutes. Think
ing it dead Mr. Bryan ran up to the
bear, which suddenly swung Out its
paws and gi abbed him about the
waist. ' - '. ". . .
Jerking freo of his coat, -whjch the
bear tore to pieces,-Mr. Bryan, dealt
the wounded animal a blow with the
butt end of his gun. ' - r - -
By this time other members of the
Forces Advance Steadily,
PANIC RULES IN CITY
People Preparing to Protect
Property President Alexis
Port au Prmce, Nov. 30. Fear that
the rebels will enter Port au Prince
and loot the city has thrown people
into an extreme condition of panic
All stores and business bouses are
closing and putting up shutters. Men
are protecting their res'dences. by bar
ring doors and windows. Every for
eigner in the city has put up over his
property the flag of his nation.'
The markets are deserted. Country ,
people vho come in every morning
with produce have fled precipitately,
leaving their goods behind them.
President Alexis persists in the deter
mination to continue the struggle.
Inttariceala Gala Everywhere.
Washington, Nov. 30. A dispatch
from Minister Furniss stating the Hay-
tlen government admits the Insurgents
are in possession of Miragoane and a
strategic bridge this side of that place.
was received at the state department
today. The department also learned
from a private dispatch the report that
Petitgoave had been taken, by the rev
olutionists is confirmed. ; The revolu
tionists, according to this information,
tire about to march from - Port An
Believe Emi la Near.
Furniss states the cabinet believes
the end is near. Government troops
are constantly deserting and augment-
nig-ffcose of the- InsurgentsrTvho re
well prepared, ..The president Is firm
in liis desire to fight. "'"..: '
The government is embarking troops.
who are tied together to prevent them
from deserting before they get on
Will Xot Interfere.
Washington, Nov. 30. The United
States government ha&no present in
tention -of intervening is Haytien af
fairs. This statement is made on the
best of authority. - The situation in
the island is an internal one.
SNOW IN EAST COLORADO
Denver Car Lines Crippled and' New
' Records Are Established. .
Denver, No. 30. Beginning Saturday -
night and -.continuing - until late last
eVening the eastern portion of Colo
rado was visited by one of the heav
iest falls of snow ever experienced in .
this section, at some points a new rec
cord being established. In this city .
tramway officials declare the snow was '
the hardest they have ever been com
pelled to fight against, although' the
weather bureau reports of actual perci
pltatlon here is only .96 of an Incta ,
PLACE IN NAVY
Washington, Nov. 30. Herbert L.
Satterlee, of New York, it is under
stood, has been tendered .the position
of . assistant secretary of the navy to
take the place of Truman H. New
berry, who tomorrow becomes Secre
tary of the navy, t Satterlee Is a repub
lican lawyer, brother-in-law of J.-Pler-pont
Morgan, and lias been identified '
with naval matters for some time. .
party rushed to the scene and shot the
bear. Mr. Bryan was not excited and
would not admit he had a close call.
saying the bear was mortally wounded -
and could not possibly have squeezed
him to death. .--. :l ; . -
.Three bea.g haveflbeen .killed by the
party and they givecredtt to Mr. Bryan.
for having dispatched all of them, as
well.. as five deer; s mountain lion and "
other game.' ; V :: ': - .
J. A. Robinson; an Americanis head '
of the party, which also includes Gen
eral Bernidido,' Governor of Coahuila, '
who stands sponsor for the bear attack
upon Mr. Bryan and , who pledged all ,
the members of the party to say noth--toj;
of. the occurreni.vv ;:v,
'i ' i