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THE ARGUS, WEDNESDAY; DECEMBER 2. 1908.
Published Dally and Weekly at 1624
acond avenue. Rock Island, HI. En
tered at the potofflce as second-class
BY THE J. W. POTTER CO.
TERMS Daily, 10 cents per week.
Weekly, 1 per year In advance.
' All communications of argumentative
character, political or religious, must
have real name attached for publica
tion. No such articles will be printed
over fictitious signatures.
Correspondence solicited from every
township In Rock Island county.
ef TRADES fPfljffi COUNClty M
Wednesday, December 2, 1908.
Better start those Christmas shop
This weather ought to
Christmas trade bristle.
It Is safe now to bura all straw hats
that are beyond cleaning.
Chicago Just now has a fine exhibit
of longhorns and shorthorns and tin
The common way of speaking is to
use slang which, unfortunately, Is be
coming all too common. v -
In other v.ords the diplomatic deal
between the United States and Japan.
Is a sort of Faciflc arrangement.
Humor cn? Philosophy
By DUNCAN ML SMIT1 .
from its servitors a sacrifice far more gration was immediate, the fiscal year!
awful, far more hideous, than any other of 1908 showing a falling off in immi
which man can know. The cause of gration of about 39 per cent. Deduct-
liberty may, indeed, compel a man to ing the total departure of aliens from
give up his fortune, his position ; but the total arrivals during the fiscal
it bestows life. I year, the net increase of alien popula-
"Prlvilege may give riches and place tion was 209,867. About 26 per cent
and power, but it demands life; that of those admitted were illiterate. The!
is, life in the higher sense, in the only total amount of money actually brought I
true sense. For privilege demands that into the country by . arriving aliens
its servitors give that best which po-. was $17,794,226, an average of almost
tentially was in them; that is, self- $23 per capita. Warrants of deporta-l lot of Interesting people that might
respect, manhood, all the nobler things tion were issued in the cases of 1,955
of the soul, all that gives charm and "aliens, and 10,902 aliens were rejected
beauty and real meaning to life the at the port of arrival. In the last 10
grace of humor, the gift of sympathy, years the accepted figures of immigra-
the genius of understanding, the power tion are actually 48 per cent in excess
There are a lot of good people that
are most horribly uninteresting and a I
associate with the aforesaid good peo
ple to the Improvement of both.
One of Mr. Rockefeller's rules of
success appears to be to start in life
as a poor boy and begin forgetting
almost at once. .
Out of each dozen weddings in this
country one ends in a divorce. Divorce
lawyers should be careful not to break
down from overwork.
Andrew Carnegie says the "infant
industries no longer need protection."
Now, if Rockefeller, Morgan and other
trust magnates will agree with Carne
gie that this nation can have tariff re
duction, possibly the republican party
will revise the tariffs. The republican
party will do whatever the trust mag
It is an old trick of the defenders of
Dingleyism to print comparative tables
of wages here and abroad. The wages
here are thus shown to be higher, much
higher and there you are. It has been
repeatedly pointed out that it is not
the wage rate per man, but the wage
cost per unit of product that should be
taken as the basis of a just equal
ization, if equalization be necessary.
Ways and means committees have paid
no more attention to that exposition
than to the idle wind.
To Mr. Carnegie they must pay at
tention, because he speaks with full
knowledge, and he gives away the
game. "Not a ton of steel is produced
in the world at as small an outlay for
labor as in our country," he says
That statement explodes with the force
of dynamite under the very comer
stone of the protectionist edifice. Not
only that, but coal and iron ores are
cheaper here, and because of what Mr.
Carnegie calls the standardization of
our mills, the enormous output making
it possible to keep the machinery at
work upon uniform shapes for weeks
without change of rolls, a further re
duction of producing cost is effected.
Other witnesses and the testimony
of the trade corroborate Mr. Carnegie.
"But this is not all ; this is not enough ; !
above and beyond this, it demands
and this is the hideous sacrifice I
meant it demands that its servitor
give up the power of spiritual appre
ciation." So much for what Mayor Whitlock
says of privilege. In discussing Mayor
Johnson's sacrifices, Mayor Whitlock
draws some conclusions as to riches
and so-called "success." He says: - .,
"We have made a god of money ;
worshiped it as a fetich, measured
what we call -'success' by it, and
counted men great chiefly in propor
tion to their ability to grab and gob
ble. He who could absorb the most of
the fruits of bitter toil of those patient
workers upon whom our whole system
rests, has been acclaimed the greatest
and best, held up to little boys for
"Why, it is an ideal no better than a
flock of magpies or a herd of swine
could evolve. Our mad, profit-seeking
anarchic system presents, as its fruit
and flower, men merely rich, with ac
quisitiveness abnormally developed,
having a genius for organization, no
doubt, but devoted to selfish ends.
"If this is to go on; if this ideal is
to be held up before us, the inevitable
end is plutocracy, with its shams, and
vulgarities, and ignorances and brutal
"But I cannot let myself for a mo
ment think that this is to be. Happily
there are hundreds of thousands of
men and women in this land who have
other ideals and other gods; men and
women in numbers constantly increas
ing, who set spiritual worth above ma
terial wealth; whose hearts are filled
with an ever growing sentiment of
good will for all mankind; who have
a rare and beautiful vision, intensely
practical, of a better order of things,
and their collective intelligence will
bring that newer order to pass.
"And the struggle will go on; there
will be many more sacrifices, many
more defeats, but ever more men and
women ready to risk them; and some
day, somewhere, when the education
of the general mind shall have gone on
to that degree in which mankind shall
realize its unity and its solidarity,
there will be life life more abundant
and beautiful, with yet undreamed-of
meanings and implications and expert
ences; a life that will be for all; a
life, indeed, that cannot be until it is
FEWER COME HERE
Marked ' Falling Off in Immigration
Shown in Secretary Straus'
of the net immigration.
Fewer Japaneae Coming.
Considerable space is devoted to the
Incoming of Japanese, which shows a
gradual but sure reduction in the
number. During the year the net in
crease in Japanese population was
only 3,826. Secretary Straus says that
the Japanese and American govern
ments are cooperating to enforce the
law respecting the- coming of Japan
ese laborers to this country.
Greater success has attended the ef
forts of the department to enforce the
alien contract labor law during the
last year than in any preceding year.
It is pointed out that "the greatest
violators of the contract labor laws are
the American manufacturers." Lt-bor
unions, too, have at times been found
among the violators of the law . Dur
ing the year 1,932 contract laborers
were rejected, an increase of 34 per
cent over the rejections for 1907. In
all, 2,172 contract laborers were de
ported during the year. Particular ef
forts were directed toward the sup
pression of the white slave traffic, this
country cooperating with many Euro
pean governments to concert proper
measures to attain this purpose.
Keep Work Secret.
Some space is devoted to a consid'
eration of the operations of the bu
reau of corporations, but, on account
of the character of the work of that
bureau, little definite information is
disclosed. The secretary says that the
bureau has on hand investigations of
the tobacco, steel, and lumber indus
tries, inland waterways, the interna
tional Harvester company, and further
investigations of the petroleum indus
try, and cotton exchanges. He is of
opinion that advance "toward corpor
ate reform must come through some
eneral system of publicity."
"It is becoming more and more ob
vious that the work of the government
in regulating corporations should not
be directed at the mere existence of
combination itself, as such, but should
deal rather with the way in which the
combination powers are used, so as to
prevent as far as possible the misuse
of these great industrial forces. Only
such combinations as are formed for
wrongful purposes, or such combina
tions a3 use their powers, for evil,
should be brought under the condem
nation of the law."
Would Have a Syatein.
Secretary Straus strongly recom
mends the adoption of a definite sys
tem of positive supervision and regu
lation of corporations through an ad
ministrative office, urging that such a
system is constructive, not destruc
tive. Through this office it would be
possible to publish important facts as
to corporate operations, safeguarding
the unnecessary publication of ell
proper business secrets.
There may be women who are lame
In imagination, but who ever heard of .
one that was crippled In the tongue.
CONTRACT LABOR KEPT OUT
The War on Privilege.
Privilege is the greatest issue in our
American cities. It may be privilege
in the matter of protection of certain
forms of vice; privilege in public con
tracts; privilege in obtaining fran
chises; privilege in the use of streets;
privilege in conducting public office;
but it all - constitutes the one great
wrong which results in corrupt govern
mentr dishonest officials and domina
tion by gangs, cliques and "bosses."
There is a lot of sound sense and
human interest in a statement recently
made by . Mayor Brand Whitlock of
Toledo, Ohio, relative to the sacrifices
made by Mayor Tom L. Johnson of
Cleveland. ; Brand Whitlock is a for
mer Springfield boy, consequently in-
. terest in what he says is enhanced. Of
privilege he says in part:
"Every one who goes into the con
temporary phase of- the world-old
struggle against privilege .knows that
it means misunderstanding, revilement.
persecution, ridicule, abuse and all
-manner of hatred; that it means loss
of money, of power, of position, of in
.fluence, cf health,, frequently of phy
sical life. . ;
"Altgeld, Henry D. Lloyd, Henry
George, Samuel M. Jones these, to go
no further back in history all gave
their lives to the cause. And besides
them, there are ' numerous others as
, great as - they, perhaps greater than
they, who fill the heroic graves of the
'To Bet one's self against privilege
means immense sacrifice; the lawyer
who opposes privilege must expect to
lose his practice ; the preacher who
-preaches against it must expect to lose
"his pulpit; the man of means who
competes with it must expect to be
. broken ; the poet, writer, orator, paint
. er,- sculptor, who use their art against
..it. must expect to feel its crushing
power, r ..
. "Privilege,-insatiable as It Is, wrings
Definite System of Supervising and
Regulating Corporations Strong
is a wrong side
except maybe the
Often the man
who . has the
price of a good
coat in bis pock
et "doesn't care
how , 6habby the
pocket may be
nor the coat It
If the Standard OH octopus were con.
vocationally inclined, it would be In
teresting to : hear it discourse upon
'borne Statesmen I Have Met."
You can't always tell how much
money a woman spends by merely
knowing how much salary her hus
band draws, but taktug it by and large
It s a pretty safe guess.
Terhaps you can't help feeling en-.
Vlous, but at least you can help show
ing It and so making yourself obnoxious.
You can generally fool a lot of neo-
pie, but it is the man you don't fool
who gets you, so what s the use?
The only properly brought up, fed.
eaucaiea ana trained children are
those who are born of a childless wo- i
It Is no direct evidence that you are
going to have uninvited company be
cause you have only scraps for dinner.
Still, you would better have your
weather eye out.
Washington, Dec. 2. Important and
unusual statements and recommenda
tions are made by Secretary Oscar S
Straus in the sixth annual report of
the department of commerce and labor
made public today.
"Our age," says Secretary Straus
"has been very properly called an era
of commercial development and ex
pansion, and the United States, by
reason of its many exceptional advan
tages. Its boundless natural resources,
and possessing a growing, intelligent,
energetic, enterprising and self-reliant
population, is reaping a greater share
of industrial and commercial prosper
ity than any of the other nations of
the world. As the head of the depart
ment, it has been my constant aim so
to administer its various branches as
to afford the greatest amount of as
sistance, information and guidance to
the various Industrial and commercial
activities that come under its admin
Secretary Straus points out that!
labor and the v industries and com
merce are inter-dependent. "That'
commerce which is developed and ex
panded to the detriment either of the
health or of the wage standard of the
laborers engaged therein, however
profitable it might be in the material
sense, is harmful to a nation's welfare
and should be discouraged."
Particular attention is devoted by
the secretary in his report to the bu
reaus of immigration and naturaliza
tion, corporations, and-labor,
"During a portion of the past fiscal
year," says Secretary Straus, "and ex
tending into the present, this country
has suffered an industrial depression
due to a number of causes, among
others to over-productions, which were
world-wide, but perhaps for the time
being more accentuated in this than in
the other commercial countries." ' The
; effect of this depression -upon toml-
MME. STEINHEIL IN NEED
Accused Woman Tells of Financial
Struggles in Married Life.
Paris,' Dec. 2. Mme. Steinheil, sus
pected of the murder of her husband
last May, wa3 examined at length yes
terday by, Magistrate Andre at the pal
ace of justice. The examination which
dealt entirely with the married life of
the Steinheils, elicted the important
fact that the artist and his wife were
alway in financial straits, despite the
presents which Mme. Steinheil re
ceived from her numerous admirers.
She admitted that the relations le
tween herself and husband wers
strained almost from the first.
The ministry of justice is conducting
a parallel investigation into .he hand
ling of the case, up to several days
ago, by Magistrate Leydett. When
Premier Clemenceau insisted upon
knowing what M. Leydett's relations
with Mme. Steinheil had been, the
magistrate sriid to hint: "I loved Mme.
Steinheil profoundly, but not unlaw
"You think of entering the Olvmnlan
"I do as a jumper."
"I didn't know you had ambitions in
"I haven't, but I am always jumping
out of the frying pan into the fire."
A large assortment of pictures
from the . celebrated "Copley
Print" line, just received,1 in
prices from 5ft cents to $5. Al
ways desirable for Christmas
presents. Early Christmas buy
ers are now requested to call
and inspect our - pictures and
framings, as it is necessary to
place orders as early as possible
so you "will not be disappointed
In getting them in time.
CORNER THIRD AVENUE AND
Without the Tinsel.
The actor on the stage of life
He has to- play his part
With no one In the wings to prompt
Or signal him to start,
lie slowly blunders on his way
Without the printed text
To tell him what to do or sajr
Ana wnat to tackle nest.
No manager Is standing back
To criticise his art
Or order him to hit the track
And from the scene depart.
He has to work it out alone
"With patience, toll and skill.
His sole reward a crust or bone
Or just a bitter pill.
No spangled garments clothe his form.
No royal robes are made
To keep him sheltered from the storm
Or to his shape lend aid.
He picks up in. the marts of trade
Such clothing as he can
At bargain prices ready made
On the installment plan.
The actor on the stage of life
Must BOftly come and go
And feed his children and his wife
Without the footlight's glow.
And when he aids a noble cause
Without the hope of pay
He has no thunders of applause
To cheer him on his way.
"Japan is catching up with the
world In every, other line at an auto
mobile pace, but it doesn't appear to
take to football." . ..:
"Perhaps the Japanese got all of
that kind of exercise they want for
awhile and. do uot care to fight the
Russian war over again." ' '
Is So Popular
If you want to know why, stop in our store,
then after looking the Merrill piano over thor
oughly you will see at once the many points
of superiority which make it so popular; you
will also agree with us and the many owners
of Merrill pianos that it is the best piano
made for the money.
1726-1728 Second Ave.
Rock Island, 111.
The Argus Daily Short Story
FINDING IS KEEPING-BY MARTHA McCULLOCH WILLIAMS.
Copyrighted. 1908, by Associated Literary Press.
Of Course She Had Been Shopping.
"What is the first thing that a mar
rled man, says when he gets home at
"Good evening, dear."
"No; that isn't it"
"Well, what does he say 7 -How
much did it cost?'
.. , Liked the Color.
. "Boggs was visiting Scroggs, and be
came awny green with envy." A
"On account of what?" ?t '
Llsabeth climbed iuto the runabout
and sent Meg down the road at a clip
ping pace. There was a certain like
ness betwixt the girl and the mare.
Both showed blood; both were hand
some in unusual fashion. Lisabetb
was a Spanish blond, and her face
was vivid aft an autumn flower. Thus
Meg's copper red coat and flaxen mano
and tail brought her beautifully into
"I don't see why mammy and the
colonel never will pull together," Llsa
beth complained to Meg when they
were safe in the big road. Meg was
her only confidant, her nearest comrade.
"If only they ever did agree I might
give up to them," Lisabetb went on
plaintively. "Since they won't I have
to stand up for my own way. They'd
hate each other forever if they thought
I was partial."
The big road swept In a long curve
halfway round the plantation. Lisa
betb caught glimpses of the white
house, with tall red chimneys, nestling
among the trees, all along throughout
the first mile.
Several times she smiled at the
house; once she shook her fist, saying,
with a frown: "Oh, you look good, but
but you're Just the same as a prison!
I can't do anything I want to do, be
cause I'm going some day to be mis
tress of Willow Wand. But that isn't
the very worst I must marry some
body fit to be master there if ever
they find such a paragon. I won't do
it! I won't! I won't! I'll run away
with a drummer man or even a gypsy
if I like him."
Llsabeth was nineteen, vital to her
finger tips, an only child and, truth to
say, rather badly spoiled.
"They fight so, Meg," Llsabeth ran
on, more than ever plaintive "my
mammy and the coloneL He gets up
first By breakfast time he has thought
of a brand new reason why I ought to
marry that Kinross thing." (Type can
never express the curl here of Lisa
beth's lips.) "And he fires It at mam
my as she gives him his coffee and
spoils her appetite always and makes
her cry sometimes. But she gets even.
Long before dinner's ready she's ready
with something good -and better in
Hump DUlard. Oh. Lord! . Fancy liv
big with a body named Hnmp! I hear
myself saying, 'Hnmpy, dear,' or 'My
Humpy sugar lumpr I have my opln
Ion of folks who would go and name
! a boy child Humchreys don't crre If
the name has been in the family forty
She fell silent a little while. The
road ran on down Leet's bill, which
was more than half a mass of .clay
bedded round bowlders. One could
drive over it safe enough if only one
knew how; also If one's horse were
clear footed and true pulling.
Evidently a passenger had essayed
coming up it- who lacked all those
things. Halfway down the hill upon
a small gravelly bench there was an
overturned buggy with a man half sit
ting, half lying beside it casting rue
ful glances .alternately. at thejreblcle
and the horse, whose bead barely
showed above the depths of a roadside
The horse whickered appealingly to
Meg, who answered with the least
faint whinny. Lisabetb stopped oppo
site the stranger, leaned a little to
ward him, saying in her father's most
judicial tone: "Urn! Can't you pick
yourself up after your spill?"
"Certainly I can. I'm doing this all
for a lark, of course!" the stranger re
torted, pointing to his forehead,
bleeding from a long gash, then on to
a foot lying helpless in front of him.
A smallish brass bound trunk a little
beyond explained his plight In the
spill It had somehow fallen upon his
ankle, breaking a bone. It was a
sample trunk, Llsabeth decided In
stantly. Therefore the stranger was a
It served him right for trying to ro
(Continued on Page Nine.)
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