Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAli. NO. 63.
THE ARGUS. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 31. 1908. TWELVE PAGES.
PRICE TWO CENTS
THOUSANDS OF VICTIMS
BEG FOR FOOD AND WATER
DEMAND FOR HARMONY
FATAL TO HIS AMBITION
Time Increases Horror of Situation in Italy's Earth
quake District and Brings No Decrease in
Estimates of Casualties.
ESTIMATE OF 115,000
King and Queen Visit Messina and" Reggio and Per
sonally Assist the Rescuers Foreign Ships
. Rendering Noble Service Along Coast.
Rome, Dec. 31. Slowly the measure
of the disaster that has depopulated
Calabria and Sicily is being taken, and
as reports accumulate it is seen the
first estimate has in no sanse exagger
ated the extent and horror of the vis
itation. An official estimate places the
dead at 115.CCO, but there is reason to
believe this may be greatly exceeded.
SIRVIVOHS CLAIM ATTK.TIO..
Today the pitiable sight cf the sur
vivors claims universal attention. Re
lief of their suffering calis for the
concentrated effort of all nations
Countless thousands of half-demented,
naked and starving survivors, some
vyounded and some uninjured, are cry
ing pitifully for food and water, cloth
ing, shelter, and medical attention.
(kiscom ;i; to scknk.
It is reported several Americans lost
their lives in the wreck of the hotel
Ambassador Griscom is about la set
out from Rome for the south, in an
endeavor to secure information con
cerning missing American travelers.
MORE ESTIMATES MADE.
The latest estimates of the dead at
Palmi and Bagnara are 14,000 and 12,
. 000, respectively,. Tvtixousand sol
diers were killed at Reggio. At Santa
Eufemia 1,500 are dead "and the in
jured exceed that number.
The survivors say for half an hour
before the quake the heavens were
filled with a gorgeous display of light
resembling the aurora borealis.
SEED 2.,(MIO to HEM'.
It is declared an army of no less
than 25.CC0 men will be needed to
rescue the living who are still en
trapped in the ruins, and to bury the
Kins Reports from Reggio.
Rome, Dec. 31. King Emmanuel,
who left Messina last night with Queen
Helena, arrived early today at Reggio
After visiting the town in company
with the queen, he reenibarUed on a
warship, and sent the following wire
less telegram to Premier Giollitti:
"I return from Reggio, which I found
In a condition no less disastrous than
that at Messina. A Russian warship
with 500 wounded on board will ar
rive at Naples this morning, and ev
erything must be prepared for their
FIGHT FOR LIFE
OVER FOOD IN
Messina. Dec. 31. A frightful scene
occurred here today amid the ruins of
the customs house. Bands of famished
individuals were groping among the
debris in hope of discovering food.
The first of the searchers who were
successful were attacked by others
with revolvers and knives and were
Obliged to defend. their finds literally
with their lives. The struggle wa
fierce. Famished men threw them
selves upon each other like wolves
and several fell disemboweled in de
fending a handful of dry beans and a
few ounces of flour.
"JOY RIDING" BY CHAUFFEURS HELD
LARCENY IN NEW YORK COURT RULING
' New York, Dec. 31. It is larceny for
a chauffeur to take an automobile from
a garage and without the permission
of the owner, use it in entertaining his
friends, commonly known as . joy
riding.' This question was asked of a
Jury by Judge Foster, listening to the
testimony of two men who had been
arrested for using the vehicles of their
employers in "joy riding" unknown to
the owners. . The jury in-each case re
turned a verdict of guilty and the men
vu 1 ucu & v v. ty - j
were sentenced, one to t?me- months
.i .1. x, n nin. mnrifVi In tlio
DEAD MAY BE LOW
landing and housing. Another Russian
ship will carry wounded to Syracuse.'"
llegrliuent of I u fun try Drttwmedf
Reggio, Dec. 31. There is reason to
believe a regiment of infantry was
drov.ned by the tidal wave at Palmi.
Three hundred soldiers' bodies have
already been recovered.
As a precautionary measure against
an outbreak of pestilence the bodies
of persons killed in the earthquake are
being burned and strong disinfectants
are being strewn among thiamins of
the city. Troops have set up field
kitchens and are baking bread iu the
Xever Greater Tragedy.
Naples. D?c. 31. Time only con
firms the unspeakable horrors of the
overpowering catastrophe. History
rerhaps never will divulge its supre
inent individual tragedies, for earth
and sea-ruthlessly claimed thousands
of human beings, and the flames mer
cilessly completed the unfinished de
vastation. Naples, vibrant with the memory of
Vesuvius, is prostrated anew at the
misery and woe from Messina confided
to its' care. The hotel.? and homes are
crowded with, refugees, and' the people
are vicing with one another in aiding
T'SW wW'tTfrc't'Tnlit'it knowledge
on the subject agree that the center
of the cataclysm was the Strait of
Messina, which also is the center of
the volcanic zone, whose highest peak
is Etna. From this base the Telluric
disturbance extended, abating little 07
little, northerly as far as Cape Vati
cano and southerly as far as the Bay
of Catania, ravaging the western reg
ion of Calabria and the eastern coast
of Sicily for a distance of nearly aJO i
l.nnil Irrevocably Ruined.
It is imposcible accurately to ascer
tain the extent of the movement east
and west in the inland regions, but it
is certain that the beauty of one of
the most charming sections of southern
Italy has been irrevocably despoiled.
Vineyards are no more; waving rows
of lemon, orange and olive trees have
been torn up, and the enchanting
coast line, wilh its soft and fragrant
foliage, has been converted into a
Reggio. whose gay aspect set off the
severity of the mountains, and Palmi,
perched jauntily amid orange and olive
trees, have become mere blots on the
Save Millions From
Messina Branch of
the Bank of Italy
Catania, Dec. 31. News from Mes
sina sets forth that some progress is
being made in the work cf succoring
the wounded survivors, but no at
tempt is being made to remove the
wreckage. Troops and sailors have
been obliged to shoot down robbers
who persisted in looting. The entire
local treasury of the Messina branch
of the Bank of Italy, $2,000,000, has
been saved and Is on board an Italian
The fires at Messina have not yet
been, put out and there is no water
with which to combat the flames.
Many people still refuse to leave the
ruins of their houses. Force often is
necessary to get them to the ships in
the harbor. There are large numbers
in the suburbs of Messina who will
penitentiary. It was argued that the
accused men were robbing their em
ployers by using up gasoline and axle
grease and by wearing out the tires. "
The Automobile Club of America
was much interested in the proceed
ings, owing to the fact that there are
the first convictions for offenses of this
nature. After sentence had been im
posed lawyers for that association an
nounced that they would appeal to the
appellate division in an effort to have
. - -
a law placed in the'eode making "Joy
rill in nnnst i t nfo crrnti rl 1 1 rtTi v
BATTLESHIP FLEET NOW IN RED SEA MAY BE HASTENED
TO ITALIAN COAST TO GIVE SUCH AID AS IS POSSIBLE
Washington, Dec. 31. The matter oft
dispatching the fleet of 16 American
battleships, now making its way
through the Red sea, to assist in alle
viating the distress of southern Italy
is under consideration by the authori
ties here. Although the fleet could not
reach Messina before January 15. it is
believed the ships with their 15,000
thoroughly disciplined sailors, splendid
corps of medical officers and surgeons,
abundant supplies of medicines and
food would be very welcome visitors
to the shores of Sicily, even at that
W ill Kk ronxreiM to Give.
Washington, Dec. 31. ft is learned
today from an authoritative source the
president will on Monday next deliver
CALLED ON BY
Washington, Dec. 31. Senator Hale,
acting chairman of the committee on
appropriations, which has in charge
the investigation of the methods of
the secret service, said today there
was no intention, 'so far as he knew,
of summoning Roosevelt before, the
committee after his retirement March
4, as intimated in published reports.
not come back into the city for fear
of a recurrence of the shocks. Only
two members of the municipal council
of Messina survived the disaster.
Blue jackets from the Russian war
ships at Messina have performed val
orous service. They risked their lives
recklessly in the work of extricating
the wounded. Hospitals have been
Improvised at various places, but are
Dead in Two Cltlrn 110,000.
Rome, Dec. 31. The immensity of
the disaster in southern Italy and
Sicily can only be measured by the fact
that it is now estimated that 110,000
persons perished in Messina and Reg
gio alone. A score of other towns
have been devastated and thousands
of- victims in these places must ' be
added to the rolL In the face of these
awful totals, all Italy stands appalled.
Nor has the full death list yet been
reached. Ship loads' of fugitives have
arrived at Naples and other ports, and
the vast majority of these are sorely
injured. Other thousands remain near
the rwlns of their homes or wander
half-starving, half-naked over the land.
The forces that on Monday over
whelmed the cities also destroyed the
means of sustenance.
Telegraphic communication has been
established with Messina, the appar
atus having been established in a rail
way van. Messages which have come
over the line, though they have been
meager in detail, show that hops is
Few Living; In Mewlaa.
remains of the city, but a
mass of ruins that have been swept
by Are. A few survivors are being
cared for by the rescuing' forces, but
their distress is great and it has been
increased by the violent icy - winds
that, followed the deluge of rain. Des
titution is everywhere and appalling.
There is little food and less water.
Of Messina'? 90.000 population it ia
to congress a message urging a liberal
appropriation for the relief of earth
quake sufferers in Italy.
tiiven .'nvy H.UIoiik.
New York, Dec. 31. The United
States naval supply ship, Celtic, will
sail from port today with 1,500.000
navy rations for the Italian earthquake
sufferers. Tlje rations were intende-J
to supply the battleship fleet but th-3
navy department has authorized the
delivery of the supplies to the desti
tute Italians and Sicilians.
Sumo Bi Doaationa.
New York, -Dec. 31. The United
States Steel corporation today contri
buted $25,000. the Standard Oil com
pany $10,000, Adolphusi Busch of St.
believed that fully 70,000 perished.
Forty thousand persons died in
King Victor Emmanuel and Helena
were in Messina yesterday. The king
explored the ruins, regardless of the
danger to which he exposed himself. !
He was often moved to tears at the
heart-rending scenes he came upon at
every turn. The king was !oud in his
praise of the splendid work accom
plished by the Italians, Russian and
English bluejackets, who saved many
persons who otherwise would have in
evitably perished. The queen spent
the day in the wards of improvised
hospitals visiting the "wounded, many
of whom have lost all that was dear to
them. Her majesty did her best to
'cheer them with womanly words of
consolation," often breaking into' sobs
as she listened to their dreadful tales
of suffering. The king left for Reggio
" Refugee in Dire Xeed.
Catania, the largest city nearest to
the zone of the disaster, is crowded
with refugees, and the continuous
stream , of fugitives coming in, th?
sight of the wounded and repetition
of real or imaginary earthquakes have
so alarmed the population that they
are becoming uncontrollable. There is
no longer any place where the refugees
may find shelter.
Cardinal Francica-Nava di Bontife,
archbishop of Catania, has employed
all the money in his possession to pro
vide bread for the fugitives, but the
people of Catania also are in great
neea, as tne ordinary business pur
suits have 'been entirely interrupted.
The government is flitting difficulty
in ascertaining the fate of the many
foreigners who were in the earthquake
zone at the time of the. catastrophe,
inquiries concerning whom are coming
from all quarters of the globe.
The number of Americans in Sicily
and southern Italy is believed to be
small, and several of them are re
ported to have been staying at Taor
mina, which is on the east coast about
(Continued on Page Twelve.)
MARK AT CLOSE
OF THE OLD YEAR
Lemans, France, Dec 31. Wilber
Wright beat, all previous aeroplane
records this afternoon with a magni
ficent flight that lasted two hours, nine
minutes, . ' . J ; , :,
Louis $25,000, Mrs. Russell Sage $5,000
for the relief of the Italian earthquake
K-V CrONH Reaponda.
Washington'. Dec. 31. Contributions
already at. hand from the Red Cross
branches throughout the United State3
give promise of general help for the
Italian sufferers. As a starter $50,000
was sent to the Italian Red Cross to
day. -. .
Small Cyclone at Sterling.
Sterling, 111., Dec. 31. A small cv
clone blew down three smokestacks on
the Sterling gas plant yesterday, kill
ing John Royce.pf.RushvUle
51rin,i,. jn.ri to., t o
SOME ARE SAFE
Chicagoans For Whom Fears Were
Entertained Alive and Well in
MANY OTHERS IN DOUBT
State Department Takes Steps to Com
municate News to Anxious
Chicago, Dec. 31. A private cable
gram was received today announcing
the safety of the following Chicagoans,
for whose safety fears had been felt:
Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Baur, Mr. and Mrs.
Charles H. Thompson, Mr. and Mrs.
William J. HIbbard, Jr., Mr. and Mrs.
O. J. Eiger, Misses Matilda, Louise and
Bertha Trainer, Harry K. Owsley, T.
A. Griffin, and Mr. and Mrs. J. O.
Ninety-Six Gnent In One Hotel.
. Paris, Dec. 31. A dispatch from
Rome says 9C guests, including Ameri
cans, English and French travelers,
were staying at the Hotel Trinacrla.
Messina, when the city was destroyed.
They all perished. The proprietor of
Trinacrla alone escaped. There are
only two survivors of the guests who
were quartered in Hotel de France.
State Drpartmeut Active. -Washington,
Dec. 31. Every effort
is being made by the state department
to obtain news of the American citi
zens who were in the earthquake zone
in Italy and whose fate has caused
their friends much uneasiness. Ambas
sador Griscom at Rome was -directed
to cable promptly any Information ob
tainable regarding the missing people
and to send some of the American vice
consuls In Italy to the scene of distress
to render whatever aid Is possible. Ef
forts are heing made to keep in com
munication with the deputy consul,
Lupton, at Messina, to the end that
prompt advices may reach here regard
ing any American in trouble there.
SHERIFFS .ELECT OFFICERS
Peters of Cook County la Placed on
-Springfield, III., Dec.. 31. After
adopting the report of the special leg
islation committee condemning in no
uncertain terms the proposed law In
relation to courts and listening to sev
eral interesting addresses the follow
ing officers were elected yesterday for
the ensuing year by the Illinois Sher
President Charles E. Wenner, San
Vice president M. E. Bray, Mont
Treasurer C. A. Hamilton, White
side county. t
Secretary Chief Deputy Long, San
An executive committee was elected
to consist of the" following: Sheriffs
Peters of Cook county, McGorray of
Macon county, Haese of Peoria county.
Richardson of Kane county, Johnson
of Christian county and Deputy Sheriff
Stovall of Douglas county.
The association voted to hold its an
nual meeting in this city during the
state fair next year.
FOOT AND MOUTH
Secretary Wilson Says No New Out
breaks Have Been Reported Since '
Washington, Dec. . 31. "I believe
we've about gotten the foot and mouth
disease corralled," declared Secretary
of Agriculture Wilson today. "No new
outbreaks of the disease have been
found since that which occurred in
Snyder county, Pennsylvania, Dec. 18,"
continued the secretary. "I want to
emphasize,' however, we are letting tip
in our investigations very slowly be
cause if we didn't foreign countries
might quarantine1 against the whole
United States, as they are very sus
picious of getting infection."
SINCE SEPT. 22 FOUND
Willis E. Smith, Supposed Victim of
Hazers With Relatives at O wens
fa oro, Ky.
Lexington, Ky., Dec. 31. Willis E.
Smith, .the member of the fresluiin
class of Kentucky state university who
mysteriously disappeared Sept. 22 af
ter having been hazed and was sup-
N a barTlar.s T5eted lasFnight
, . 1 . . . 1
at Owensboro, Ky., where his broNier3
and sisters live. He talked incoher
ently and was unable to give any ac
curate account of where he had been,
but told wild stdries of having been
detained in a cave in northern Wiscon
sin and fed on bear meat. He said he
had left the university unwillingly but
could give no clear explanation of
where he had been for the last three
IN DENVER fUEL
Iowa Men File Application for An
Accounting of Important Colorado
Denver, Dec. 31. Iowa stockholders
in the Denver and Northwestern Fuel
company filed a petition for an ac
counting in the federal court yesterday
against six Denver men in which they
charge the misapplication of funds and
J wrongful transfer of stock and prop
erty of the company to the Union Land
company. . '
MISSISSIPPI "DRY" TODAY
pkih:i I ,v n... r-,:w. m
Hur Pa-iiar Than r,OMt.d. I
Jackson, Miss., Dec. 31. At midnight
last night the sale of liquor in, Missis
sippi became unlawful, according to
an opinion announced by - Attorney
General Stirling. Because of a con
flict of opinion as to the construction
of the recently enacted state-wide pro
hibition law in reference to the time
when the enactment should become ef
fective, the matter was referred to
the attorney "general for official inter
In his opinion the attorney
general declares that as the act reads
it shall become effective "on and after
Dec. 31." " -
LEWIS NIXON SAYS
BEEN FORMED TO
New York, Dec. 31. Lewis Nixon,
expert engineer and shipbuilder. Is
authority for the statement tnat the
Aerial Navigation company, with a cap
ital of 150,000,000. has been organized.
"An airship 700 feet long:, with a di
ameter of 80 feet and passenger room
for 100 persons, will be built In the
Nixon yards, and a few guns may be
mounted," said Mr. Nixon. ' .
"The ship will be expected to carry
food and fuel enough for a trip across
the ocean. It will cost $1,000,000, and
when completed the ship probably will
weigh 140 tons, it has been most care
fully thought out in every detail by Mr.
renningion -Airsnjp Pennington as
he has been known and the shape, of
the vessel, aa well as the arrangement
C. P. Taft, Brother of
President-Elect, Out of
STRENGTH TO BURTON
Issues Statement Placina
Himself in Light of a
Columbus, Dec. 31. Definite an
nouncement Is made from his head
quarters today that Charles P. Taft
feas withdrawn from the senatorial
race "in the interest of party har
mony." It is also stated the Hamil
ton county delegation, the backbone '
of the Taft strength, would be deliver
ed to Burton, thus insuring his elec- '
tion as successor to Senator Foraker.-
He Warn MixnnderstoOd. i
In the statement that was issued by
Taft he says: ;
"My candidacy from the beginning -seemed
to have been misunderstood.
I have been represented as urging my .
own personal ambition at the expense
of republican harmonv and success.
The imputation is unjust; but that Is '
of no moment . at the present time.- -The
cause of it shall exist no longer.
I yield personal ambition for the
accomplishment of more important
. Always a Republican.
After stating he had been a sincere -and
consistent republican all his life,
and that it has long been his ambition
to be a senator from Ohio, he con
tinued: . " - ; -
"Conditions have now arisen whlcH
impose a higher duty upon me than
the gratification of any personal ambi- -
tUaa lt ls cleaF-that a nrolonsred con- -
test for the senatorship would divide'
the republican party in Ohio, and I am .
not willing to be in any way responsi
ble for such division.
Inaiata Hla Chances Were Goo.
"Although it does not appear at pres
ent any candidate has enough votes td
win the caucus nomination, and though "
many of my friends insist I can. and .
will beat, I put these consideratlont
aside in order to meet more worthier -obligations.
I withdraw as candidate
for senator, and with grateful appre
ciation release my friends from further
effort in my behalf, -n - :
Will Be Wheel Horse aa of Yore. . '
"I will resume my place in the coun
cils of the republican party and give
to its welfare and to the splendid pol
icies for which it stands the same .
service and devotion which have been
the great privilege and pride of my
life."- - . '
Foraker Oat, Too. -
Columbus,' Dec. 31. Senator For- .
aker at noon issued a statement form
ally withdrawing from the senatorial
fight. This leaves the field practically
clear for Burton. Foraker bays he is
gratified that matters have turned out
the way they have, that he himself is
willing at all times to make persona:
iu uueresis oi parry
j .k. . .
The withdrawal of Taft. he de-
clared, cleared the situation and
made his candidacy no longer neces
sary. Others Step Aside.
Governor Harris and. J. Warren'
Keifer have withdrawn. ' Former Lieu-
, tenant Governor Harding will - with
Pope Grants a Dispensation.
Washington, Dec 31. Mgr. Falconio.
papal delegate . to the United States, -
last night announced that the pope had
given a dispensation from abstinence
on New Year's day, which falls oriv.
BUILD BIG AIRSHIP
of the motive power and many other
details, are original with him. . He has
been at work on them for 12 years and
some of his patents on features of this
ship were obtained 12 years ago.
"We have been working every day
on the design for the ship. I have ;
been asked to act as consulting engi
neer. Of the personnel of the com-,
pany Tknow little. .-". - ' ; " ';.
"Thurlow Weed Barnes, who' has
been known In connection with Chin-
ese railway operation, is mentioned as :T
the president. , Mr. Pennington tell
me that very important and wealthy
men are in the directorate There Is -no
reason , to doubt the pe'ftect suc
cess of this ship. It-rill invtjye V
gas envelope inclosed; in alumlnuiV