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THE "ARGUS, TUESDAY.: JANUARY 5. 1909.
S JX JX
& js Secret Service
Wofk of Government Detective Bureau, Which Is Bone of
Contention Between Congress and thevresiderrt
By JAMES A. EDGERTON.
INHERE is no government depart
ment concerning which less Is
known than the secret service.
f atitucx uiuc tunc la jiuuu
about which there is greater public
j curiosity, which Is just now.helgbten
j ed by the row between the president
, and the congress. y
1 1' The secret service Is Uncle Sara's
j Sherlock Holmes. It catches counter
feiters and now and then bags a con
gressman or senator who has not been
content with making laws, . but has
started to breaking them also, thus
, jworklng both ends of the line. It was
'-this feat of getting a few legislators
llnto Jail that caised all the trouble
(between Mr. Roosevelt and the present
'session. Congressmen do not like to
be imprisoned, for which we can
i scarcely blame them, considering the
other Inflictions . they have to bear,
'(such aa associating with each other
! (and listening to each other's oratory.
: President Roosevelt charges in ef-
: service had exposed Senator Mitchell
t and an Oregon representative . iu the
i land fraud cases that congress cut
; jdown the appropriation for the secret
; ;service and prohibited its nae outside
' tof the treasury aVpartnient, whereat
icertain members of the house, dignified
'.senators and others not so dignified
I regard themselves as grossly insulted.
' Come to think of it, there is something
In the nature of a personal insult in
sending, a man to Jail or even In lnti
: imatlng that he .ought to be there,
" (though most men do not base their
objection to Imprisonment on this
; ground. Now, the president did not
say that all members of congress
should go to Jail, but only that the law
! ithey had passed helped nobody but
tcrimlnals, and the chief argument in
dts favor was that it keens members of
I the two houses from being investigated
land prosecuted. '
' 1 He went further and intimated that
'flay." 'Yet the -visitor will make' a mis- J
take li be jumps at conclusions, Juet.
; him try to find out who are the detec
tives employed "by the bureau and 'he
. will begin to understand that the word
"secret" is -pot a false label.' Tobody
- outside of Wilkie, Moran and possibly
one or two others knows the names' of
these men, what they do or even how
many of them there are. They go
about as ordinary citizens, never dis
closing their connection with the de
partment, except to police officials, dis
trict attorney?; .or others who may help
them' As they are shifted aroUnd the
country and passed from department
to department, the criminal element Is
thus left In the dark as to the identity
All of these things and some others the men "with whom they have to
made congress forbid the further lend- eP9- There are thirty-seven branch
ing out' of Hawkshawa. There 'are secret Bervice offices throughout the
stories and cartoons to the effect that nation and probably a couple of bun-
a governmental any system has crown dred men employed. Not only coun-
up in Washington. This the admlnis- terfeiting, cases, but violations of the
tration denies, but at any rate there
will be an investigation.
Wilkie Started as Reporter.
The head of the secret service start
ed life as a reporter. He Is John E.
Internal revenue laws, of the anti-trust
lawB, of the land laws, of the postof
flce regulations and of the thousand
and one details of governmental rules,
may come In for investigation at their .
hands. Rather they might have done
Wilkie-of Chicago, son of a famous so before congress interfered. Now
newspaper man in his day who was the service is handicapped, and there
Wilbur F. Storey's chief editorial writ-! Is Joy among the crooks in conse-
er on the Chicago Times. Young Wil
kie started as a fire and police report-
quence. . -
The secret service man of fact and
er and "was so intensely in earnest in the secret service man of fiction are
the role that he bought a fireman's about as much alike as a real estate
helmet and outfit and went to all the agent's description is like the dirt he
fires to help out, receiving much chaff
ing therefor both from the real fire
men and the other reiorters. He show
ed the same spirit In his police report-
ing and in at least one instance suc
ceeded In unearthing a sensational
crime. A store burned in a manner to
show that it was fired by incendiaries.
The proprietor was out of town at the
time, but came in on a train soon aft
er. In rummaging about through the
ashes Wilkie came upon a charred
photograph, evidently taken of the
owner of the store when a much
younger man. but on the back of
which was a Philadelphia address and
a name different from that by which
the merchant was then known. On
being confronted with this witness
from the past the man supposed the
Jig was up. broke down and confessed
that he had set fire to his own store,
using a time fuse that would allow
him to get out of town. This was not
sells you. The detective of romance
is wonderfully made, with a brain like
a machine and a personality that to
the average American boy looms big
ger than that of the president. The
real detective But why shatter an
Ideal? I never knew anybody the
worse for believing in Santa Claus,
and the popular conception of the aver
age sleuth not only delights the Ju
venile heart and some hearts that are
not Juvenile but possibly scares some
would be criminals into being decent.
Sleuths' Strenuous Lives.
Fairy tales aside, there are spots in
the lives of most secret service men
that are sufficiently exciting for "mel
lerdrammer." It Is a wise one among
them who knows what his next as
signment will be, whether to run down
a gang of counterfeiters, look for
moonshiners in the " Carolina moun
tains, trace land steals among the cat-
placed in charge of the London bu-
I0UX E. WILKIE, HEAD OF NATIONAL SHERLOCK HOLMES
BUREAU, AND WILLIAM J. BURNS (IN CORNER), FAMOUS HAWK-
; -If they did not want to be Investigated j
.ix l nt; j uuu i us l ii a l nuuiu uuv
' bear investigation, I presume he meant
.' special provision, but should not crip
. ple the whole detective agency of the
pnvornmpnr . i nnr la rniKinr snmp
- 0 . c ,
. even for Roosevelt. Congress waited
a few days, and then the senate passed
some mild mannered resolutions, adopt
ed amid oratory not so mild and ac-
' icompanied by thoughts positively un
speakable, directing the committee on
' appropriations to investigate the secret
wiVKCi tut? wvaoac uuu ci 11 j lui,
else with a handle On that looked as if
It could be used to cause trouble. The
house merely asked him for the facts
on which the president based his state
xnents, evidently wanting him to show
his hand before it did any : bluffing.
. The bead-on -collisions the house has
' slons -have apparently taught it cau-
.s tion. ; ., , ,,".'.--
: ; .'- Hunted Down land Frauds. '
, . The secret service proper belongs .to
. the treasury .department, and Its chief.
'. duty -Js .4 ?atc-U counterfeiters. Foe
twenty, years, however, it has been the
lend ' his menv to other departments
wherever needed. ; Among those so
borrowing XJficle Sam's sleuths Was the
" ' se:retary of the interior, who used
them in hunting down land frauds, in
which : they gathered In the United
- States senator and congressman before
1 mentioned.' It is also whispered that
the secretary of the navy used one of
the detectives In hunting down an ab-
sent naval official, and the place where
; be was found laid the basis .for a di
, -rorce suit. That caused another row.
reau of the Chicago Times, and the
son accompanied him, each of them
sending several columns of cables and
letters every week. One day Storey
fired the elder Wilkie by cable, and
the son went to the head of an Ameri
can ; commercial agency . in . London,
where he remained almost two years.
Returning to Chicago, he re-entered
the newspaper field and soon became
city editor of the Tribune. Frank E,
Vanderlip was financial . editor of the
paper at the same time, and the two
became chums. When Lyman J. Gage
was made secretary of the treasury
he took Vanderlip along as private sec
retary and in a short time made him
assistant secretary of the. treasury,
Vanderlip remembered his friend Wil
kie, tried him out on some work for
the government and succeeded in get
ting him appointed chief of the secret
service. ; This is the story of John E.
W-ilkle's rise as I have it from the lips
of a .newspaper man who used to work
with him as a police reporter. While
much of it has seen the light, I think
it has never been printed before in all
Its details. ' ; ; ; v
- "Secret Service" .True to Name
.,In office Mr. Wilkie is . one of the
most democratic and easily accessible
of all government ; employees.: There
are two rooms In the treasury building
with the legend ''Secret Service" over
the-door. Anybody- can walk right In
and will usually find Chief .Wilkie in
his shirt sleeves going over reports xr
considering some knotty case. - In the
same room is his assistant, W. H. Mo
ran; and in the adjoining room are. a
number of clerks. Nothing mysterious
.l.n... All . 1 . . -
uuuui nu mis, dui me most prosaic J
and matter of fact routine of every-J
Hnmon nr lnmhormon nt flip west Or
the only piece of sber loekholmesing k ,nt) VMcs b y spvlng on
done by the young police reporter. f governmellt . 0r -shadowing
Every available moment he was loung- tQe jies Qf & fore, government here.
iuk .uu..u one of Chief Wilkle's notable achieve
picking up ideas. mentg wag ,n breaklng up the spy sv8.
Some time later the elder Wilkie was ' ,. , nv.
I U1U1U LaillVA KJ IUC . J ' 11 1 1 1 . ' n to"'
ernment in America during tne late
war. No; the Hie or uncie sam s ae-
tectlves is not without adventure and
movement. For example, one of their
many duties is to guard the president
of the United States and accompany
him every time he sets foot outside
the White House. With the cross
country gallops and tramps through
blizzards and rainstorms indulged in
by the present chief executive, this is
not the, mildest of occupations. The
strain on those detailed for the leg
racking duty will probably ease down
after March 4. Now their lives seem
like one long dream of looping the
loops and bumping the bumps.
In their ordinary work of detecting
crime the secret service men are divid
ed into two classes, "shadows" and
"ropers." A shadow follows a suspect
in all his comings and goings. It is'
not an easy task for the reason that
the shadowed one must never have the
faintest hiut that any one is on his
trail. Roping is still more difficult.
Here the detective becomes a boon
companion of the criminals. ' leanis
their secrets and collects sufficient evi
dence to convict them. In doing this
he must have no scrap about his per
son that would reveal n is identity.
The old idea of disguises has largely
passed out. Indeed, it never had ex
istence among real detectives outside
the lids of novels. - Change of garb
and -the perfection with which a de
tective lives up to the character as
sumed furnish all the disguise neces
sary. That-is the beauty of a service
made up of members unknown to the
criminal element Few of Chief Wil
kie's men were originally detectives.
Many of them came from the claims
departments of railroads and express
companies. They are from all walks
of life Indeed, chosen after the most
rigid scrutiny into their characters and
fitness for the work. One of the most
famous of their number is William J.
Burns, concerned In the land fraud
Investigations and now in the San
Francisco graft Inquiry. Burns is not
now" in the secret service, having re
signed to help Heney fight Schmitz and
Vast, Complicated System.
Mr. Wilkie assigns these men much
as he assigned reporters when on the
city desk of a newspaper. The prin
ciple is the same, although the sys
tem is infinitely more. vast and com
plicated. The men work under the di
rect supervision of the various depart
ments to which they are assigned or
under the subordinate secret service
bureau in" whose territory they hap
pen to be placed, although the Wash
ington bureau keeps track of them all.
In this way the head of the system has
a more thorough Inside view of the
workings . of the entire nation than
any other one man outside of the pres
ident and his cabinet advisers.
What will be the upshot of the pres
ent investigation no man can tell. The
most probable outcome, certainly the
most- sensible one, would Involve a
consolidation of all the detective agen
cies of the government under the de
partment of Justice. It would do away
with the fiction of shifting: men from
department to department, would save
time and avoid confusion and would
make It Impossible In future to crip
ple this moat important governmental
agency through congressional interfer
ence. .: . . ,'. '
Ypu.r; Last Chance ok; the Big
sland City Shoe Store
le have divided the remainder of our stock into lotsthe
prices so low that they will be sold in a few days.
Come novy and take your pick.
Damaged shoes and ox
Men'n, women's and
children's shoes, good
Men's women's and
children's . shoes, all
styles, damaged by
smoke only 1
The cream- of the stock
in this lot. Every shoe
in good condition. ' .
1820 Second Ave.
Harper House Block.
THE ARGUS DAILY FASHION HINT
r -r ,
i - 5 f. - '
TURNERS GIVE A
Exhibition of Gymnasium work to Bel
. followed by Dancing. !
The Rock Island Tumgemeinde will
give an entertainment Thursday even
ing at Turner hall. The Turners will
give an exhibition of their work, which
will be followed by dancing. Bleuer's
orchestra will furnish music for the
occasion. President Thomas Aessler
will deliver aa-r address of welcome
early in the evening, .and, then, the
Llfiletic program 'will be given as fol
lows: . - '
Center pole Boys.
Parallel bars First and second
Staff exercises Actives.
Horizonal bars Actives.
Parallel bars Bears, Actives.
Pyramids All classes. '
PROGRAM IIMinM I CAnCR IC
uiiiuii Lknuuu ivj
GUEST AT BANQUET
Vice President Connor of Switchmen
Addresses Tri-City Members at K.
of C Hall. , ,-'
THE ACME SOCIETY ELECTS
DRESSY BLOUSE OF LACE AND RIBBON. ' '
K This pretty blouse, suggests a charming method of using a bit of hand
some black lace of which there is not enough to build a whole waist. The
lace Ia-ejvia in. broad panels to J)lack satin-ribbon of supple qualityr and'
the sleeves are "tucked plastrons at front and back are of black chiffoiu
shaped medallions finish the' top of the blouse and big satin-covered but
tons make a smart trimming. Such a waist, made up without any lining,
may be worn over a slip of black satin, or as in the illustration over a
dainty white guimpe. . '
Grace Lutheran Young Ladies Hold An
nual Business Meeting.
The Acme society of Grace Lutheran
church held the annual business meet
ing last evening at the home of the
Misses Greim, 924 Nineteenth avenue,
Molme. . Officers for the year were
chosen as follows:.
PresidentrMis Eva Hasselqu'ist V
First Vice President Miss ' Mary
Klattenhoff. - l .
Second VicPresident Miss Grace
Swanson. . "
Secretary--Miss Carrie Olson. .
Treasurer M iss Mary Greini.; " "'
During the year just passed the
young ladies, have raised about $15')
which has been used for church pur
poses. During the coming year $125
will be given toward the church indeb
Plans were discussed relative to cel
ebrating the 10th anniversary, of .the
organization of the -society in March.
The charter members will be asked
to be present and a fitting program
will be arranged.
rSociety'liews. written or teleohoned
to the society editor of The Argus will
be gladly received and published. But
In either case the identity of the sender
must be made known, to insure relia
bility. .- Written notices must bear sig
nature and address.
Music Students Club. The Music
Students lub met yesterday after;
noon at the studio ' of Miss Olga
Schmidt in the Hibernian building.
Davenport. JThe program was a study
of Beethoven and was given by Mrs.
T. B. Reidy of -this city and Miss
Schmidt. The program wasas follows
(a) "God in-His Mighty Providence"
(b) "Death"-' : ; . :. .... . v . . Beethovm.
(c) ,"Prayer" . . Beethoven
(d) "Contentment" .. . Beethoven
Mrs. Reidy. - : " ;
Sonata Op. 27-. .Beethoven
Andante ... . . . ... .. . .. .......
. Allegro Molto Vivace ... .7.....
Adagio- Con Expression . . V . . . . ; .
' ; Allegro Vivace . . . . . i, ". .
Miss Schmidt. '
"Worship of God in Natnre" . .
, , , Beethoven
Substitute for Mrs. Swiney. .
Pre-Nuptia' Party. Miss ,Evangeline
Casteel gave a delightful pre-nuptial
party at her home. Twenty-first street
and Sevenjh avenue, last evening for
ner friend, Miss Jeanette Mosenfelder
who is to wed David Abrams of Boston
the coming spring.- .
Luncheon and Tea. Mrs.' M. E. Pot
ter gave a luncheon and tea to a num
ber of young lady friends of herdaugh-
ter. Miss Marguerite Potter ..at , her
home, 1900 Seventh avenue,, yesterday.
Cubs Have Banquet-Tne Y. Al, C
A. Cubs held a banquet at the .Watch
Tower inn last evening, covers being
laid for-10. After the dinner" games
were enjoyed. . -.
Court of Honor Dance. Court Of
Honor No. 31 degree team' will give a
dancing party at Beselin's hall Thurs
day evening, i ;
.James B. Connor of Chicago, inter
national vice president of the switch
men's union, was in the city yesterday
ana auaressed Uie switchmen of the
three cities at an informal banquet
held in the evening at. the K. of C.
hall. There were about 200 switch
men, present. The problems and troub
les of the railroad man were discussed
at length by the speaker who also
spoke on the recent sentence of Im
prisonment imposed upon Samuel
Gompers, John Mitchell and Frank
Morrison, the labor leaders of ." the
country. It is probable that the switch
men's union will draw up a resolution
at some future date condemning the
ruling of the court which imposed the
sentence. There were : several talks
made by local men. Mr. Connor left
the city today for Peoria, where he
will talk to the switchmen at that
A Higher Health Level.
"I have retched a higher health level
since I bei?an using. Dr. King's New
Life Pills,' writes Jacob Springer of
West Franklin, Maine. "They kept
my stomach, liver and bowels working
just .right. If these, pills disappoint
you on trial, money will be refunded
at an druggists.. ' v
The Truth Eczema and Pimples
are quickly and permanently cured by
Zemo, a clean liquid for external use.
Zemo draws the germs to the surface
of the skin and destroys them, leaving
a nice clear healthy skin. Write E.' W.
Rose Medical company. . St. Louis.
Mo., for sample, ...All druggists sell
Zemo. For salp.by Harper-House
pharmacy. , .
An tne newt "all the time THIS
ARGUS. . . - v
All the news all the time The Argus.
. li you lone for a" tweet
eatfl ' -:":-"yy .... S
: If you wish for a food both de-:
licious and good eat JC!fO ' v '
If you'd feel secure from a syrup
impure eat jfO ' '
, ' Foe . table use and . cooking .
youH find it unequalled.; ' ;
, mr-titf: Sl
. . -. . - . '
A boo of cooking Mod naif-making ,
; : ipei seal free.oa ttqutstt '