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TTTTP. ATlOns SATUKBiY4 FKRRUARY 0. 1909.
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JT --z: . ' ONIfED'STATJS SENATE sV I
MOST ot the notable people
who lived in the time of
Lincoln when he was pass
Ins through 'his trials and
tribulations survived him. They lived
to hear his name glorified by a grate
ful country and to see the work which
be began well on its way.
Stephen A. Douglas, the first .to
measure lances . with the country
lawyer, died a few months after he
had held the hat of Lincoln when the
Ham 11. Sewaril. iivui uimiuj.
convention that nanfed Lincoln
later by Lincoln as his premier; Salm
on P. Chase, of the cabinet that met
on so many dark days in the coun
try's history, afterward of the supremo
bench; Charles Sumner, " to whose
giant intellect .Lincoln .was an unend
ing study; George Bancroft, the his
torian.' ' who watched the times and
recorded what took place; John M.
Palmer, commissioned from Illinois for
in tut out nis appeal for more help from the 1 tl tee , tho nation's, representative at St.' head and heart which did so much to community from
chosen; people. All lived to mourn his death. I James. Is still living in the citv where . bring about what the others lived to man was' "makin
Andrew Johnson, vice president in ; nis great father was nominated for : see and enjoy were hurried uway at
the second administration of Lincoln, president
latter was Inauguratea president But j the field by Lincoln; Leonard Swett.
the others whose names will .be re-1 counselor and friend: Norman li.
called In the observance of the Lin-1 Judd. whom Lincoln loved; Shelby M.
coin centennial, Feb. 1Z, lived to share ! Cullom. who saw Lincoln entombed
had scarcely taken his place before the
fatal shot fired" in Ford's theater called
him to the White House. While opin
ion is divided and always will be as
to Johnson's administration, it Is con
ceded by conservative politicians that
In the first stages of his administra
tion Johnson endeavored to follow ; twenty-eight years after Lincoln was
Lincoln's policy. ' . . i dead. ". Mrs. Davis, who was the social
Mrs. Lincoln, who was a part In that; head ' of the Confederacy, a brilliant
life which was not open to all. grieved ; woman, has been 'dead only a few
the moment when their work was
On the other-side the leading spirits 1 done.
who opposed Lincoln and gave him i It Is Interesting at this time to re
such concern that he carried with him! call some of the incidents that oc
more' signs of sorrow than sunshine curri between Lincoln and his con
lived to see his triumph. Jefferson ! temporaries.
Davis, the president of the Southern '; As Douglas was the first eminent
Confederacy, did not die until .1889. ; man' with whom Lincoln came bi-fore
the public, Lincoln s first Impression
of the "Little Giant" is worth retelling
even at this distant day. Lincoln had
been elected to the Illinois legislature.
He wore a new suit something un-
I for him for vears and nassed awav i years.'- Robert E. Lee. the crreat run.'
In the .honors bestowed by the nation; Grant, Sherman and Shnridan, mill-I'not entirely conscious of what he wa j tain of the cause that was lost did not usual with him at that time. When he
on its first martyr. . , j tant trio, all of whom talked with the j or what she had been to him. One i pass . away until after he had seen arrived at the state' capital he mixed
Some of these, now gathered to the; gre.-.t chief in his hours when he need-! child of the household grew to man- peace return to the land and witnessed with the crowd. Among the men who
.'fathers, -were Hannibal Hamlin, vice ed strength; Julia Ward Howe, who hood and has been honored by his fa- the dawn of that prosperity of which were pointed out to him was a young
f president of the administration; Wil- became inspired when Lincoln sent ther'n country. Robert Lincoln, one the south Is a beneficiary. The great man who had recently come into the
Lincoln and Stanton met for the first,
time In Cincinnati in 1857. It was In
a lawsuit Both were on the same
side. The clientwas a resident of
Chicago, an(L-fee"lcnew Lincoln. Stan-,
ton represented the eastern Interests
of "tho client "When the time came to
submit argument Lincoln and Stanton
conferred as to who should have the
honor. , By a .rule of the bar Lincoln
had precedence. ' As a matter of cour-;
tesy he asked Stanton If he would not'
prefer to make the argument, and.,
much to the surprise of Lincoln, Stan
ton accepted. The Incident caused
Lincoln to have a "case of blues," and'
as he was leaving town he said to his
hostess. "I hope I shall never see Cin
cinnati again." Stanton had said to a
brother lawyer that Lincoln was a
long, lank creature from Illinois,
wearing a dirty linen duster for a
coat on the back of which the per
spiration had splotched wide stains
that resembled a map of the conti
nent" Lincoln heard of the remark
after he returned home. For some '
time he was more melancholy than
usual. He became president Stan
ton was his secretary of war.
Forming the First Cabinet
It will interest new politicians to
know that Mr. Lincoln was In favor
of giving the south a place In his
cabinet He named three who would
be acceptable to him. These were
Botts of Virginia, Stephens of Geor
gia and Maynard of Tennessee. If he
could have had his way, what untold
sorrow might have, been avoided! He
could not bring himself to believe that
the routh would attempt to overthrow
I the government
Finally the cabinet was framed.
There is authority for the statement
that it was largely the work of Lin
coln himself. Probably no presiden
tial cabinet was ever constructed un
der such difficulties. It Is a curious
political fact that the cabinet as orig
inally framed was subjected . to only
two chr.nges. The "called" were not
assigned to any portfolio. That was
to be an after consideration. The
names selected were Seward, Bates,
Dayton. Judd. Chase. Blair and Welles.
Seward the Premier.
Necessarily the president and Sec
retary Seward were much more fre
quently In conference than were the
other members. It was no news to the
east when the story was on Its legs
that Seward was to be de facto presi-
dent Whether Seward ever aspired
to such an attitude is not certainly
I known, but if he ever did It Is .the
i opinion of politicians that he modified
Magnanimous to Chase.
The magnanimity of President Lin
coln to Chase stands as an evidence
that Lincoln knew how to forgive. A4
! is well known. Chase In his ambition
! to be president had criticised the ad
i ministration of which he was a part
When the time came to appoint a suc
cessor to Chief Justice Taney, Sena
tor Sumner and other friends o&
Chase asked that Chase be made chief
justice. The president listened: then
he told the senator and his party all
that he had heard about the criticisms
of Chase. The party left the White
Vermont. The young ! House feeling that their mission, had
himself noticed." .i la"eu- "f
and this attracted the attention of the , -"ase s " ""
backwoods legislator. He inquired J confirmed as chief justice.
who the sprig was and was told that ! The adolescent In politics is remlnd
he was Stephen A Douglas. After : that Danie Webster and Abraham
Lincoln had heard Douglas talk in theiLincoln were m congress at the same
crowd he said. "He. is theeast man 1 1 time, the former m the upper house,
have ever seen." Subsequent events ; the latter in the lower branch, repre
changed Lincoln's views to some ex- ' senting a district in the southern part
of Illinois. Lincoln was onjy an
"aye" and "nay" factor in the bouse,
but when he ' went to his hotel and
tilted his long figure on a chair
against the wall and told "reminders",
he always had an audience. One of
his most appreciative listeners was
that "lion of the north," as somebody
so aptly called the great senator from
FRANK H. BROOKS.
tent but the fact remained that In de
bate Lincoln always worsted his ad
No man In the administration gave
Mr. Lincoln more cont'rn than Stan
tort They 'never understood each
other, notwithstanding Stanton's pe
culiar fitness for the, place he held In
the - cabinet First impressions are
frequently misleading, and uearly al
ways they leave some sort of scar.
SINCE the conviction and sen-
tence of Samuel Gompers.
president of the American
Federation of Labor; John
'Mitchell, "vice president and Frank i
Morrison. secretary, " in December
1908,. foi-refusing to heed the injunc
tion in the Buck's Stove and Range I
case.', the federation made its first
move in the matter early in the month j
of January of the current year.
. The sentence. Imposed- by Justice!
Wright of the supreme court of the
District of ; Columbia . was twelve
months In Jail for" Gompers. ; nine for
Mitchell and six for Morrison. The
sentence war for contempt of court in
'.violating the order enjoining, the de
fendants from placing on the "unfair"
or ''we don't patronize" list the Buck's i
Stove and -Range, company of; St.j
Louis. " ; . J
The defendants took an appeal nnd'j
were' released under, bonds. Six ;
months wyi . elapse before the case is j
passed upon by the court of appeals.
If. the sentence Is upheld by that
court the case" may be taken to "the j
supreme court . of: the , United States, i
Cases trJce their turn in the courts of j
the District of Columbia Just as they .
do elsewhere, so that Gompers. Mitch - i
ell and Morrison will not be hurried '
In their preparations for Jail, even IC,
the last court should decide against
The sentence has attracted more
than ordinary attention. The history,
of the case is Interesting. There are
two stages In the litigation first the
proceedings to enjoin the boycott pro-,
nounced by the Federation of Labor;
against the Buck's Stove company; ;
second, the proceedings to enforce that!
injunction by punishing the defendants :
for contempt of court in violating It !
The facts In the first stage as In-!
terpreted by,. the decision of Justice
Wright are these: The -Federation of,
Labor pronounced a boycott against:
the Buck's Stove, company In March. '
107, and published ' Its name In the
'unfair" list and the 'Mrs don't pat-:
ronlze" list of Its official organ. It
proceed d in addition to prevent
tradesmen from buying the Buck's
stoves and ranges and to prevent in-divld-ia'
customers from buying of
tradesmen who dealt in the stoves and
ranges of the Buck's company. : . pers
Suit was brought to enjoin them
from continuing the boycott. No in-,
.'unction in this suit was issifed until1
after a hearing. It was. then Issued;
by Judge Gould of the supreme court :
of the District of Columbia on the;
ground .that such a boycott" was in it- '
self a violation of law. Fince Judge!
Gould's decision was rendered the su
preme court of the United States has ;
decided unanimously that boycott Is ;
also, a violation of the Sherman antl- j
trust-law, because, it is "an action in;
restraint of trade.
The injunction was Issued Dec. .
1907.- .The Interim vas occupied by;
Mr, Gompers in printing and mailing;
copies of -a pamphlet In"; which the;
Buck's Stove company appeared on the '
"unfair" list, the objct being, It'ts'al-;
leged. to get the copies Into the mai! ;
before the Injunction was Issued. The
more distant copies did no,t .reach their
destination untl after the Injunction '
was Issued.- Judge Wright holds that.;
although mailed before-the Injunction,
by mailing them Mr. Gompers Violated ' "
the Injunction. - .
In his decision' Justice Wright on
this point said: "The mails were his
(Gompers') agents, chosen by him a:i
the medium for delivering to distant '
points, and if. after the injunction be
came operative, he violated It through
the Instrumentality- of his own hand? .
or through the instrumentality of an-'
other medium of his own preference.
Is all one."
There are other Instances of viola - j
tlon with which ' the defendants are '
charged, but the two mentioned above ;
constitute the charges upon which thi ;
defendants were sentenced.' j
Appeal Decided by Council. ' V .' ';'
The executive council of the Amerl-I
can Federation of Labor met In Wash- ;
Ingto'n Jan. 12. and discussed the situa- j
tlon. - " Mr. Gompers made a -comprehensive
statement covering the perl1
from the close of the convention of the
Federation of Labor held at Denver In
November. 130S Dealing vylth the de
cision of Justice Vright '.Mr. Gom-
"We have practically
hausted nil of our available funds.
Tliymoney In the defense fund undt-r
article 13 of thp constitution of tho
federation Is absolutely unavailable,
not even if we desired, and I take It
that we have no'-desire to touch on
dollar aye. even one penny of that
fund for any purpose other than that
for which the members of our -directly
affiliated local unions have paid It."
The council at once decided that "an
appeal for funds to press the case In
the Interests of tho defendants should
be made Judge Alton R Parker was
Instructed to begin the preparation of
Samuel . Gompers Is. an interesting
figure any way he is considered. He
has been the president of the .Ameri
can Federation of Labor twenty-five
years of Its twenty-six years of exist-
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MES. SAMUEL GOMPEKS,
MISS SADIE JULIAN GOMPEI,?.
ence. He Is thus the head of mora
- tlinn 9. flan HO ft nnln hian In V. t aa.i
try.' He was born in London Jan. 27,
1850. As a boy he began as a clgar
i maker. He helped organize the Cigar
makers' International union. His
home is In Washington. The family
comprises his wife, daughter, married
son and one unmarried. It is a unit
ed household. When Mr. Gompers la
absent as he Is most of the time, hla
married son is the head of the family..
The 'daughter is a young woman of:
I beauty and is on the stage as a con-;
i cert singer. She has a well trained:
j voice and has been successful. Mrs.1,
j Gompers Is a loyal supporter of the ln-
j terests which her husband represents.'
i The Man and the Leader.
J The leader of the great federation Is
i optimistic in his Ideas concerning or
! ganized labor here. In a recent lnter
I view on this point he said: "Labor
j conditions now are better by far than
' they , were three decades ago. In the
i future they will be Just as much bet-
ter In proportion. By combination of
; capital, by new inventions and a bet
; ter organization of material forces, we
j shall, age by age and year by year.'
reduce the amount of manual . labor
Required to the minimum and at the
' same time advance the reward there-
for to the maximum."
J The secret of Mr. Gompers success
; In his work lies In the fact that he la
j devoted to It He has been offered
J office which would have paid him mora
, than he ever can expect to get -where
! be s and which would hay given
! him more time to himself and his
i family. He has declined every proffer,
j He has taken Into bis counsels men
j-whom he ccfuld trust men who. Ilka
'j himself, could., not be swerved from
: the cause of . labor by any present or
future emolument. He owns no real
; estate, no bonds, no carriage or anto-
moblle. Re does not abstain from
i these luxuries on account of any false
I pride, but because be has no time to
indulge In suqh comforts. He believes
that the comfort of bis people should
1 come first ' ; AMOS FOX,