Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 97.
THE ARGUS. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 9. 1909.
PRICE .TWO CENTS.
RAILWAY WASHOUTS MAY
FRANCE AND GERMANY SIGN
AGREEMENT OVER MOROCCO
WHEN TAFT COMES HOME FROM PANAMA
Speaker Stanton Kept
From California Legislature.
MAY ACT IN ABSENCE
President Makes Public Long
Telegram on Proposed
San Francisco. Feb. 9. The Chron
icle prints this morning a dispatc!i
from Sacramento predicting the pass
age of both the anti-Japanese meas
ures now being considered by the leg
islature. These two measures are the
bill providing for the seregation of
undesirable aliens in the residence dis
tricts of towns and cities and regula
tion nrnvidlnff for schools for the
Vahiit Delay Speaker.
Speaker Stanton has been so de
layed by washouts that it is hardly
likely he can get back to Sacramento
in time to assert his influence against
the bills and it is probable they will
have already been voted on when he
1, angling- of Telegram.
Washington, Feb. 9 "The policy of
the administration is to combine the
maximum of efficiency in achieving the
real object which the people of the Pa
cific slope have at heart with the min
imum of friction and trouble, while the
misguided men who advocate such ac
tion as this against which I protest are
following a policy which combines the
minimum of efficiency with the maxi
mum of insult and which, while totally
failing to achieve any real' result for
good, yet might accomplish minimum
In this language President Roosevelt
yesterday in a long telegram to Speak
er P. A. Stanton of the California as
senTLIyT ' set forth the." government's
view of the anti-Japanese legislation
now before that body.
The president stated that the bill
gives just and grave cause for irrita
tion and that the government would be
obliged immediately to take action in
the foderal courts to test such legisla
tion, because it is held to be clearly a
violation of the treaty obligations of
the United States. The telegram to
Speaker Stanton was sent only after
a conference with Senator Flint and
Representative Kahn of California and
F. K. Lane of the interstate commerce
Mfmhukc Sent to Stnnton.
To Speaker Stanton the president
sent the following:
"I trust there will be no misunder
standing of the federal government's
attitude. We are jealously endeavor
ing to guard the interest of California
and of the entire west in accordance
with the desires of our western people.
By friendly agreement with Japan we
are now carrying out a policy which,
while meeting the Interests and de
sires of the Pacific slope, is compati
hie, not merely with mutual self-
respect, but with mutual esteem and
admiration between the Americans and
Japx Do Their I'nrt.
"The Japanese government is loy
ally and in good faith doing Its part to
carry out this policy, precisely as the
American government is doing. The
policy aims at mutuality of obligation
and behavior. In accordance with it,
the purpose Is that the Japanese shall
come here exactly as Americans go to
Japan, which is in effect that travel
ers, students, persons engaged In in
ternational business, men who sojourn
for pleasure or study, and the like,
shall have the freest access from one
country to the other, and shall be sure
of the best treatment, but that there
shall be no settlement in mass by the
people of either country in the other.
Xumher of J a pa Mere Deerealan;.
"During the last six months, under
this policy, more Japanese have left
the country than have come in, and
the total number In the United States
has diminished by over 2,000. These
figures are absolutely accurate and
cannot be impeached. In other words,
if the present policy is consistently
followed and works as well in the fu
ture as it Is now working, all difficul
ties and causes of friction will disap
pear, while at the same time each na
tion will retain its self-respect and the
good will of the other.
Such a bill as this school bill ac
complishes literally nothing whatever
in the line of the object aimed at and
gives just and grave cause for irrita
tion; while, in addition, the United
States government would be obliged
immediately to take action in the fed
eral courts to test such legislation, as
we hold it to be clearly a violation of
Refer to Deelnlona.
"On this point I refer you to the nu
merous decisions of the United States
supreme court in regard to state laws
which violate treaty obligations of the
United States. The legislation would
accomplish nothing beneficial and
would certainly cause some mischief
and might cause grave mischief. In
short, the policy of the administration
is to combine the maximum of efficien
cy in achieving the real object which
the people of the Pacific slope have
at heart with the minimum of friction
and trouble, while the misguided men
who advocate such action as this
against which I protest are following
a policy which combines the minimum
of efficiency with the maximum of in
suit and which, while totally failing to
achieve any real result for good, yet
might accomplish infinite harm.
Pledge Action by Nation.
"If in the next year or two the ac
tion of the federal government fails to
achieve what it is now achieving, then
through the further action of the pres
Ident and congress, it can be made en
"I am sure that the sound judgment
of the people of California will sup
port you, Mr. Speaker, in your efforts.
Let me repeat that at present we are
actually doing the thing which the
people of California wish to be done,
a bayonet. , It was to be used before
the peace court at Cartago, but the
method by which it was secured on
coming known to the court it was de
cided to reject such conditions.
Cannon went to Nicaragua In 1S99,
and in 190C was in Honduras, a ye;ir
later going to Salvador, where he re
mained until he mixed up in the revo
lution last July. For a time he served
as chief of police of San Miguel.
THE EVER PRESENT OFFICE SEEKER.
Springfield, Feb. 9. One ballot was
and to upset the arrangement under -taken today in the joint session of the
which this is being done . cannot do house and senate for the election ol
a united states senator and it de
veloped little change from the ballots
of last week. No shift, of significance
was noted in the votes for the repub-
NO GhOIGE ON THE 29TH BALLOT;
. ROOSEVELT ISJUT FOR HOPKINS
Illinois Legislature Takes Another Vote, Aurora Man Getting
- 73 Split, Thought Possible Among the Democrats,
Does Not Develop.
dinary interest Is manifested over the
good and may dt great harm
"If, in the next year or two the fig
ures of immigration prove that the ar
rangement which has wnrkprt an sn.
cessfully during the last six months is ucan candidates and fears of some or
me legislators wouia aeenne to vote
were not realized.
The Twenty-ninth Ballot.
The 29th joint ballot for United
States senator resulted:
Foss, 18. .
Congressman McKinley, 1.
P. W. Gallagher. 1.
Frank McDermott, 1.
E. J. Ralney, 1.
John J. Mitchell. 1.
llopklon rrjteil by President.
Washington, D. C, Feb. 9. Extraor
no . longer working successfully, then
there would be ground for grievance,
and for the reversal by the national
government of Its present policy. But
at present the policy is working well,
and until it works badly it would be
a grave misfortune to change It, and
when changed it can only be changed
effectively by the national government.
STORM IS GENERAL
Middle States Swept by Blizzard From
the Southwest With Much
COLD BECOMING SEVERE
Scope from the Rocky to the Appa
lachian Mountains Damage and
Delay to Transportation.
statement Saturday night that Presi
dent Roosevelt favored the re-election
of Senator Hopkins on Hie ground he
was the nominee of ,an open primary.
una inai any oiner-selection ior sen
ator would involve the complete
breaking down of the force of a pri
To a number of Illinois people who
called on him yesterday the president
reiterated this position and he further
more stated that in addition to his be
lief that Senator Hopkins being the
nominee of the primary is entitled to
all the republican votes in the legis
lature there were personal reasons.
Hopklna for Roosevelt.
The Illinois senator, he said, had
been a consistent supporter of the ad
ministration from the beginning to end
and the president desired to put him
self on record In this regard as saying
Mr. .Hopkins has been one of the men
in the senate on whom he could al
ways rely for assistance in furthering
all the administration plans. There
fore, without prejudice to any other
candidate, the president thought Mr,
Hopkins should receive the majority
vote in the joint assembly.
Stephenson Still I.arka Two.
Madison, Wis., Feb. 9. The eighth
joint ballot for United States senator
today resulted in no choice. Stephen
son received 53 out of a total of 119
votes, lacking two of a majority. There
were 14 absentees.
Milwaukee, Feb. 9. A News special
from Madison says: "Stephenson has
prepared a statement showing his ex
penditures in the last primary election
campaign were $107,793. The state
ment, it is said, will be filed with the
secretary of state late this afternoon.
PANIC IN GOAL
Chicago, Feb. 9. The entire country
between the Rocky mountains and the
Appalachians is today in the grasp of
a severe storm. Kansas, Nebraska,
Colorado, the Dakotas, Minnesota, Wis
consin, northern Missouri and Iowa re
port heavy snow, high winds and ex
ccedingly low temperatures.
With Vnnal Reaulta.
Blizzard-like cdnditions are bringing
the usual delay to railroad transporta
tion, interruption to wire communca-
tion, and suffering among live stock.
In the northwest the cold wave is not
yet so severe as In the west and south
west, where zero and below tempera
tures are general.
Snow Will Be Heavy.
The weather bureau predicts the
storm will continue its movement east
ward, causing & continuation of pre
cipitation over the middle states. Snow
in the northern and central lake region
and Minnesota and Iowa will be heavy.
IN TWO DEATHS
MAXIM SHOWS HIS GUN SILENCER;
SOUNDS LIKE OPENING BOTTLES
BILL IS APPROVED
Senate Committee Favors House
Measure Providing for Two
CUMMINS GAINS HIS POINT
Senate Will Ask for Information as to
Cost of Collecting Tariff Under
Treaty Important to Fu
ture Peace of Europe
BOTH GAIN POINTS
Furnishes Basis for Settlement
of Differences .That May
CANNON A BAD ONE
Man Who Claims Retationshio
Speaker of House in Trouble
in the South.
EXPELLED FROM HONDURAS
Washington, Feb. 9. The senate
committee on naval affairs today adop
ted the provision in the naval appro
priation bill for the construction of
two 2C,000-ton battleships. It is ex
pected the bill will be reported to the
Adopt Cammlna Reaolutioa.
Washington, Feb. 9. The senate to
day adopted the resolution of Senator
Cummins, calling on the secretary of
the treasury for information in connec
tion with proposed tariff revision. The
resolution asks for the aggregate
amount received as duties on imports
during the last year on articles upon
which specific duties are imposed and
the cost to the government of making j
Would Learn Difference.
The same information is required in
connection with articles on which ad
valorem duties are collected and to
what extent the expenses of adminis
tering the tariff law would have been
diminished if all . import duties had
Promote Lodge Seereey. " .,
Washington. Feb. 9. Representative
Gaines of Tennessee proposes by act
of congress to aid fraternal societies
to keep from the public their secret
rituals and rules. He has introduced
a bill which would make it a misde
meanor for any person to send through
the mails any secret ritual, rules or
regulation or work of any duly au
thorized fraternal organization. Se
vere penalties are provided for viola
Lucky to Get Away With Life After
Leading Band of Revolutionists
and Being Captured.
Puerto Cortez, Honduras. Feb. 3, via
New Orleans; Feb. 9. Le Roy Cannon,
a Virginian whose parents now live In
Harrisburg, Pa., was yesterday for
cibly expelled from. Honduras, being
put aboard a fruit vessel found- for
He left the ship at Belize, and, it i3
said, will go to Salvador, where he
will head another revolution against
Honduras. ...... , -. .
CohHol Saves Him front Local Jail.
Cannon arrived here yesterday from
Coal Belt National Bank of Benton is
Placed In the Hands of a
New York. Feb. 9. A merry party leter. The weight Is from six to nine Tegucigalpa in charge of a military es-
Warrant for Prison Keeper.
Jackson, Mich., Feb.' 9. The case In
which Warden A. N. Armstrong of the
state prison here .had been charged
with accepting a bribe was nol pressed
! yesterday and a new! warrant issued
on a showing by the prosecution that
the original" warrant was not sufli-
opening many bottles of champagne
was What Hiram Percy Maxim's dem
onstration of his new gun silencer
sounded like yesterday afternoon at the
Potter building in Park row.
Now and again, however, there came
a report several degrees louaer tnan
the puffy pops, and the audience un
derstood Maxim was just showing the
difference between the old and the
. . 1 . I A I . i.1 M.
uul ior me must pan u was juai tuai
little, puff-popping, and Maxim, said
most of the noise came from the Im
past of the bullets against the sand in
It was the first public demonstra
tion which the , Inventor has given of
the silent gun,' which, with smokeless
powder, leaves the marksman inaudi
ble as well as invisible. He held it in
the office of his attorneys, and' In the
next room a typewriter kept pounding
keys Just In line with the , course of
the bullets. . But Maxim's target did
not let any of them pass. .
, Uned Larger Gnna.
The guns which he used ranged all
the way from the little .22 repeating
rifle to the new , 30 army weapons, and
took' in the high power Mausers and
The silencer Is ? a little black, tube
which screws on at the muzzle of the
gun and has about twice the diameter
kf the barrel. The size and weight
vary according to th caliber and pow
er of the arm. For a .22 caliber rifle
ounces. I cart, who nlannori tn Inflr him In lha
First Maxim snapped his. little re- local jail until the ship was ready to
Zeigler, 111., Feb. 9. Two miners I Call for Banks' Condition.
were drowned In a wild scramble for! Washington, Feb. 9. The controller
safety in . the Letter ccat mine here to- of the currency today issued a call for the tube is about four Inches long and
day, 14 others escaping without In- the statement of the condition of na- J less than an' Inch arid a half in diame
jury. The panic, was caused by a tional banks at the close of business ter. For a :S0-rifle the silencer Is two
slight explosion in the workings. Feb. 5. . tinthes longer, but has the same diam-
peating rifle at the target without the
tube on the end. The noise wasn't
pleasant to hear. Then he put on a
silencer. The listener heard the ham
mer come hard against the cartridge,
he saw a little puff, and that was all.
Maxim tried short and long rifle cart
ridges, and the noise was not appre
Then he worked up to high power
guns. He let a .30 rifle go without the
little black tube on the end, and after
that everybody held his ears when the
time came for a shot without the si
lencer. With it in place, the noise was
just the same as a champagne bottre
Worlta on Army Rifle.
Finally he picked up a United States
army rifle(which he described as the
best in the world. The bullet has an
initial velocity, of about 2,700 feet a
second, and when one hears it started
on its course under normal conditions
the Impact upon the eardrum is se
vere. Yet -with that little black tube
In place the sound 1s scarcely audible.
The theory upon, which, the silencer
works Maxim described as being Iden
tical , with that of the negative tur
bine. The gunpowder gases, as soon
as they - enter the silencer from the
barrel of the gun, meet the spiral
chambers in the Interior of the tube
and are set to whirling. The tendency
of whirling bodies is to fly outtrom the
center, and inasmuch as the only
means of exit from the silencer is near
the center the gases are unable to es
cape until they have slowed down. !
leave, but the American consul pro
tested against this humiliation and
finally secured the consent of the es
cort to parole Cannon in his custody
until the ship sailed. It was midnight
before they agreed to do it.
Cannon, who claims relationship to
Speaker Joseph G. Cannon, says he
was captured by Honduras forces at
La Trinidad on July 29, while iti com
mand of a revolutionary force oper
ating against the Davila government,
which had invaded the country from
In Irona for Over Three Mentha.
He remained in jail until Dec. 29.
when a decree of amnesty was pro
claimed, bat the government on Jan,
17 issued a decree of expulsion against
him, and on Jan. 24 he left Teeuci
galpa In custody for Puerto Cortez.
Cannon says that during the first
three and : a half months' Imprison
ment he was constantly in Irons, hav
ing 40 pounds of dead weight shack
led to each ankle. Marks' were still
visible on his ankles.
Cannon Is about 35 years old, of
Bplendid physique, and declares hi3
capture , was effected through , the
treachery of one of his own soldiers
when he wag asleep
He was sentenced to he shot Aug.
15, and the execution was to take place
between 2 and 3 o'clock in the' morn
ing, but lie saved his life by giving
a declaration, establishing his com
plicity of Salvador in the revolutionary
movement against the Davila govern
ment. . -- . . . .' .7
Washington, Feb. 9. The controller
of the currency today announced the
Coal Belt National bank of Benton.
111., was closed by order of the direc
tors, and that George C. Bell had been
Benton, 111., Feb. 9. There have
been many rumors here that the Coal
Belt National bank was in difficulties,
but the extent was not revealed until
the appointment of a receiver today.
The institution's . embarrassment is
said to date from the defalcation a few
years ago of R. A. Youngblood, for
mer president, who is now serving a
term in prison. It is stated other local
banks have arranged to take over the
assets of the Coal Belt. '
Paris, Feb. 9. France and Germany
today signed a far-reaching agreement
concerning Morocco, thus banishing
the specter which for years has loom
ed up intermittently as a cause of
strained relations between the two
BawiM for Future Set I lenient a.
Of more importance still, perhaps, is
the moral effect of the establishing of
the broad basis of friendly relations
between the two nations, which have
been separated, so to speak, since tha
war of 1870.
The agreement signed today guaran
tees the integrity of Morocco and In
sures perfect allegiance to the terms
of the Algeclras act. France recognizes
Germany's economic Interests in Mor
occo, while Germany recognizes the
particular political interest of France
New York, Feb. 9. Sixty-five hat
factories throughout the country which
formerly employed in the neighbor
hood of 25,000 hatmakers, were ex
pected to open today ' as nonunion
shops. In Danbury, South Norwalk,
Philadelphia and Brooklyn factories
opened, but action was delayed In
Newark. But a few union men applied
for positions. The number of non
union applicants was small.
IS FINALLY FATAL
Irish Pick Redmond Again.
Dublin, Feb. 9. The national direc
tory of the United Irish league met
here yesterday and made public it?
annual report. John E. Redmond was
re-elected president. '
IMPROVE SUNDAY SCHOOL
Putting It In Same Category With Pub
lic School Proposed at Meeting. -
Chicago, Feb. 9. Improvements of
methods tending to place Sunday
school work on level of efficiency with
that in the public schools were discuss
ed at the first meeting of the sixth
general convention of the Religious
Educational association which opened
here today. A meeting held , by the
council of religious education was the
first of a number which will mark the
ON EVE OF TRIAL
Palmyra, N. Y Feb. 9. George
Sampson, father of Harry Sampson,
whose wife, Georgia, Was arraigned at
Lyons yesterday charged with the mur
der of her husband, was found dead in
bed at his home here this morning.
He was a brother of the late Rear Ad
miral Sampson, and was an important
witness for the prosecution of his
MAURETANIA CAPTURES NEW RECORD;
MAKES BEST TIME FOR ROUTE EAST
Queenstown, Feb. , 9. The Cunard
line steamer Mauretania passed Daunts
Rock lightship at 5:10 p. m. yesterday,
thus establishing a record for the long
route. The liner covered the distance,
2,934 miles, at an average speed of
25.20 knots. The day's runs were 491.
605, 594,' 567, -582 and 95 miles to
Daunts Rock. The passage was made
In 4 days, 20 hours and 27 minutes.
A tender met the Mauretania at
Roche's Point, hut the heavy sea pre
vented its going .alongside. Conse
quently the Liverpool pilot had to be
put on board by a whaleboatr:
The Mauretania then proceeded, tail
ing on to Liverpool the mails and 50
passengers, who desired to disembark
He says he signed it at the point of "The Mauretania has beaten every
record going east, namely, average
speed, highest day's run and records,
for the long and the short routes from
New York to Queenstown. This Im
provement is attributed to the new
propellors with which the vessel was .
equipped previous to starting out f rotor
England last month.
The best previous record from New
York to Queenstown' over - the. long
course was five days and five minutes.
made by the Mauretania March. 12.
1908. 'Over the short course the rec
ord was"4 days, 22 hours and 29 min
utes, made Dec. 5, 1907., . .-. ;
The best previous . average hour's
run to Queenstown was 24.42, made by
the Mauretania jn. March, of 1908,, and.
the best previous day's run to Queens
town was 585 miles, also made by the
Mauretania July 25, 1908.