Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAR. NO. 101.
THE ARGUS. SATURDAY. FEBRUARY 18, 1909, TWELVE PAGES.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
PAY TRIBUTE TO LINCOLN
CARMACK MURDER JURY IS
SECURED AFTER 25 DAYS
ll. cvv Vva: "
Bryce, Jusserand and Ta
kahari All Speak in
MESSAGE IS OF PEACE
Banquet at Springfield Proves
the Crowning Event of
SOME TRIBUTES PAID
As the years roll by and as
all of us, wherever we dwell,
grow to feel an equal pride in
the valor and self-devotion
alike of the men who wore the
blue and the men who wore th-
gray, co this whole nation will
grow to feel a peculiar sense of
pride in the man whose blood
was shed for the union of his
people and for the freedom of a
race; the lover of his country
and of all mankind; the might
iest of the mighty men who mas
tered the mighty days Abra
ham Lincoln. Theodore Roosevelt.
Snrtneflpld. 111.. Feb. 13. Springfield,
home town of Abraham Lincoln, where I
the "rail-splitter of the Sangamon" j
grew from frontier lawyer into states-,
man and laid the foundation of his
greatness, observed with fitting cere-i
monies yesterday the centennial anni- J
versary of the great emancipator's
birth. The city was a mecca for cele-'
brlties. From early morning until
midnight exercises were held hourly
on historic spots, from the dingy little
office in which "Honest Abe" first be
gan his law practice to the tomb at
Oak Ridge, where the body of "Father
Abraham" was finally laid to rest.
Forrlicn AiuhaKundorn Speak.
The ceremonies ended last night with
a banquet in the state arsenal, at which
Ambassador Bryce'of Great Britain and
Ambassador Jusserand of France de
livered messages of tribute from the
two nations they represent, and, after
drawing lessons of inspiration from
the career of the martyr president,
placed him among the world's immor
tals. William Jennings Bryan and
Senator Jonathan P. Dolliver of Iowa
were the other orators. The memorial
exercises attracted such crowds of
visitors to the city that a public meet
ing was held during the afternoon, at
which the distinguished guests ad
dressed an assemblage of 5,000.
Banquet Chief Feature.
The banquet, which was the chief
feature of the day's events, was held
under the auspices of the Lincoln Cen
tennial association. The. huge arsenal
was lavishly deeeraedfos-4he occa
sion and formed the setting for a bril
liant scene. ; On the floor 800 banquet
ers sat at the tables, while in the gal
leries were 2.5CO spectators. At the
end of the vast hall was stretched a
large painting of the war president.
Flags and flowers and draperies con
cealed every inch of the steel rafters
and walls. Big masses of color in the
galleries marked the seats of the
Daughters of the American Revolution.
At the tables and in the galleries
were the old neighbors of "Honest
Abe" men who witnessed his depart
ure for Washington and who marched
In the cortege after the assassin had
struck him low.
"Glory of Mankind.
And how they applauded when the
two distinguished diplomats dwelt on
Lincoln's rife in Springfield
Ambassador Jusserand drew a les
son from the deeds of the emancipa
tor, and placed him among the galaxy
of the world's greatest men.
Takahlra at Peoria.
Peoria, 111.. Feb. 13. With COO ban
queters assembled beneath a canopy
of entwined and intermingled stars and
stripes and the sun flag of Japan, Ko
gura Takahira, Japanese . ambassador
to the United States, was last night
one of the prominent guests of honor
at the Creve Coeur club's banquet in
honor of the centennial of the birth of
Abraham Lincoln. Charles Magoon,
late provisional governor of Cuba; Cur-
God send us such men as Lin
coln againl We are confused
by a war of interested, a clash
of classes, a competition of pow
ers, an effort at conquest and
restraint and the great forces
which war and toil among us
can be guided and reconciled
only by some man who is truly
a man cf the people, as Lincoln
was not caught in the toils of
any special interest, united by
wide sympathy with many kinds
of men, familiar with many as
pects of life, and led, through
many changes, to a personal ex
periment which unites him with
the common mass. Woodrow
Says the great book some
where, though a man die, yet
shall he live. If this is true cf
the ordinary man, how mu;h
more true is it of the hero of
the hour and the hero of the
century Abraham Lincoln? One
hundred years of the life and in
fluence of Lincoln is the story
of the struggles, the trials, am
bitions and triumphs of the.
Feople of our complex American
civilization. Booker Washington.
George Washington created
these United States; Abraham
Lincoln kept these United States
from being disintegrated. Thsy
are your two great men, ann
they are of the world's greatest.
--Ambassador .' Jsser-and. .w'
Lincoln looks to us not so
much a mortal man as a mech
anism controlled by the hands
of the Almighty for the good of
. mankind. Senator Dolliver.
With no military career to
dazzle the eye or excite the im
agination; with no public serv
ice to make his name familiar
to the reading public, his eleva
tion to the presidency would
have been impossible without
his oratory. The eloquence of
Demosthenes and Cicero were
no more necessary to their work,
and Lincoln deserves to have
his name written on the scroll
with theirs. W. J. Bryan.
MAY OPEN WAY
TO LET KNOX IN
Washington, Feb. 13. By a vote ;-f
5 to 3 the house committee on elec
tion of president, vice president, and
representatives in congress today
agreed to a favorable report on th3
Gaines bill to reduce the salary of the
recretary of the state, thus making
Senator Knox eligible for that posi
tion. A minority report will be pre
sented to the house.
and are supposed to have perished.
The Penguin is a total loss. The
steamer was an iron vessel of ' 821
tons and was built at Glasgow in 181.
Yesterday in Congress
DOWN WITH SHIP
Penguin Sinks Off Coast of New Ze.v
I land and Many Lose Their.
Wellington, New Zealand, Feb. . H.
j The Union Steamship company cf
Wellington's steamer Penguin was
wrecked last night off Cape Terawhiti.
j Some of the passengers and a number
of the members of the crew were
aved, but the remainder of the ship's
company, numbering 07, are missing
:"' Washington, Fh. 13. Special Com
;" mlssioner Buchanan today telegraphed
the state department he has signed a
protocol with the Venezuelan govern
ment for the settlement of the dispute
between that country and the United
States. He will leave Caracas for
tis Guild, Jr., governor of Massachu
setts, and Professor John Clark Free
man were other speakers of the even
ing. , .
Ambassador Takahira was enthusias
tically received. In hi3 address he gave
a brilliant eulogy on the life of the
great emancipator from a foreign point
of view, ' concluding a tribute to the
golden rule of diplomacy as exemplified
by Lincoln and Hay and in which cat
egory of statesmen he placed Theo
dore Roosevelt, owing to the presi
dent's efforts to stave off anti-Japanese
legislation on the Pacific coast.
Million Take Part In New York.
New York, Feb. 13. Beautiful and
sincere was the homage paid here yes
terday to the memory of Abraham Lin
coln. In practically every school house
church and hall memorial services
were held, and it is estimated that
more than 1,000,000 persons particlpa
ted. More than 500,000 children at
tended the exercises in the 561 public
The city's official celebration was
Special Correspondence of The Argus.) onel
Washington. Feb. 11. Lock and was:
dam, or sea level Which? Discuss
ion of this question is raging like a
blizzard of words among the Inwrnak"
ers in the national capital. Senator
Kittredge, chairman of the commit
tee on interoceahic canals, and Sena
tors Teller and Foraker, startou the
ball rolling in favor of the sea level
The "sea level ists" seem to he gain
ing strength every day; When President-elect
Taft reaches Washington he
will be urged to come out in f-.vor
of the sea level Idea.
Are In Something; of Pante.
It cannot be denied now that the
leaders of the republican party are
(Continued on Page Seven.)
"GIRL IN BLUE" SAYS BROWNE LAID
THE PLOT SPRUNG AT SPRINGFIELD
St. Louis. Feb. 13. Marie Marshall. I told to her hv Rrnwnp himself
who asserts she is Florence Miller,' After Browne had promised to do
Miss Christie, and "the girl in blue"
who tried to attack Lee O'NIel Browne
the minority leader in the Illinois
house of representatives, said In St.
Louis yesterday that Browne induced
her to say that the episode at the
statehouse was a part of a political
plot hatched in Chicago to ruin him.
Miss Marshall says she attempted to
fee ' Browne for personal reasons
alone, and all she knows of any plot
against him by' political enemies was
the right thing by her and to right
wrongs he had done her, she says she
agreed to his proposition. Browne
furnished her money to. come to S
Louis, she declares.
Miss Marshall says stories circu
lated about her by Browne caused her
to lose her home. The scene in the
statehcuse when she threatened
slay the minority leader was a resif
of Browne's refusal to see her. sh
Washington, Feb. 13. Following is a
summary, compiled from the official
proceedings, of the work of both
bouses of congress yesterday:
SEIVATE The senate was not in ses
sion. HOt'SE The charges of corruption
and fraud In connection with the Pan
ama canal purchase made by Kepreaen
tative Rlney recently were reviewed in
the house when Mr. Levering of Massa
chusetts entered a sweeping defense of
William Nelson Cromwell. William H.
Taft. Charles P. Taft and others whom
Mr. Rainey named as having been In
volved in the transaction. When Mr.
Lovering began the Illinois member had
gone to the station to take a train for
Baltimore, where wai ttUjfleUver u Lin
coln adlress. but ha. was. hastily called
back, Mrs. Loverlng- in- the meantime
suspending - his .remarks. Mr. Rainey
was obliged to leave, shortly afterward
to keep his engagement, but- he an
nounced that he would make full reply.
The Indian appropriation bill technic
ally was under consideration and all
the speeches were made under license
of general debate. Speeches were made
on a variety of other subjects, and
about 500 pension bills were passed.
Previously to taking up the Indian. bill
brief exercises commemorative of lin
coin's birthday were held. The chap
lain feelingly referred to Lincoln's
character and services. Mr. Boutell of
Illinois read the famous Gettysburg ad
dress, and Mr. Nye of Minnesota spoke
In eloquent terms of the martyred pres
ident. At 6:20 p. m. the house ad
POWER IS USURPED
Representative Willett of New York
Again Expresses Himself on
BUT IS NOT SO RADICAL
Barred by Peculiar
EXAMINED 3,019 MEN
Four Totally Illiterate and Two
Declares the Federal Courts Have No
Jurisdiction in Cases of Crim
Washington, Feb. 13. Characterizing
at the "most flagrant and the most dan
gerous exercise of usurped power ever
witnessed in this county," the grand
jury Investigations which have been
in progress for several weeks past in
connection with the alleged Panama
libel case. Representative Willett of
New York, who several weeks ago vig
orously attacked President Roosevelt
on the floor of the house yesterday came
to the defense of the papers whose al
leged libelous publications are being
investigated, declaring that "the courts
of the United States have no jurisdic
tion in cases of libel against the gov
ernment 'of the United States. .
"It has not been conferred upon
LOCK OR SEA LEVEL CANAL NOW THE BURNING QUESTION
The last quoted expression of Col-1 feet above sea level, and of such
lei Goethals to reach Washington I great deptl
"If they want a lock arid canal I
will build it. If they want a sea level
canal I will build it."
"The sea level canal can be built
for $247,000,000, according to the ori
ginal estimates," says Senator Kitt
redge, "and the lock and dam plan
according to present indications will
cost $400,000,000 and how much more
the engineers seem to be afraid to
"There should be some sort of an
immediate investigation made to de
termine whether th' government
should continue with the lock and
dam plan, or change to the sea level
plan. The change could now be made
without great trouble, and it looks like
somewhat of a panic over thi situa-!t would save the nation $100,000,000
tion. The administration has practi
cally no material to combat the charge
of engineers of high standing ability
that "if the present plans are pe--sisted
in" the cost of the canal to the
American people will reach the stu
pendous sum of $500,000,000, instead
of the $145,000,000 originally contem
That the Gatun dam and its locks
will be a gigantic and costly engineer
ing blunder If completed, is the prin
cipal argument of the sea lever adher
ents. ' .
Although Colonel Goethals, the en
gineer in charge of the work, bus here
tofore endorsed the canal and lock
plan, it is being asserted in many
quarters that he rgally favors the sea
level plan, but hesitates to express nls
views lest they make him uupopular
with the administration. It is well
known that persons holding high sal
arled positions on the canal believe
their jobs would he in peril should
they adversely criticise anything that
goes on down there. ; '. .
Silence Part of Watchword.
"Do jrour. -work, draw your salary
i and keep your mouth closed" is the
watchword on the Isthmus,
or so. Tne cnarge tnat tne difference
in the tides in the Pacific and At
lantic oceans at the isthmus would
make a sea level canal impractical
has been discounted by able engin
eers, who assert the tide3 could easily
be controlled by gates, and that it
would not be necessary to ue even
gates for half of the time."
Rainey Sea Level Mao.
Representative Rainey of Illinois is
also a sea level man. He may make
speech in favor of the sea level plan
in the house. President Obaldia, of
the Republic, of Panama, has been a
sea level canal advocate from the
start. It may be added that the Gatun
dam plan was authorized fro .a a min
The Gatun dam has been made the
storm center of thf agitation- for a sea
level canal. It should be explained
that at Gatun the Chagres river
makes its way through a deep depres-
clon In a high, range. of hills. . Tiie
plan that is being so bitterly assailed
was that of throwing a dam across the
great depth that vessels could make
their way over it for eight miles. .nd
throughout that distance the im
pounded waters would.be so deep that
there would be no need of excavation.
The charge is made that becaus-s of
the geological structure of 'he isthmus
the foundations are, by nature, so un
stable that no engineering skill can
overcome this inherent fault; that the
dam will be ever settling at one point
or another, opening fissures through
which the pent waters will rush, and
that all chances are that it is nore
than likely to frequently slough off
its bulky sides.
Illlla Would Leak.
The essence of opinion of engineers
of unquestionable standing and repute
is that, while the dam Itself might be
so constructed luat it '.wild b: made
to hold water possibly by cover
ing the porous rocks with clay
the surrounding hills which form
a continuation of the Jam, air. so per
vious that it would b? .mpossible by
a similar method to iuij-ci.nd the iiow
of the Chagres or to Imprison its
waters into a lake. It Is -leclired that
the Eeepage in the hiV.s thm f r.ni a
continuation cf the dam, alone, iuld
be such that no consil -.'Jb'e bode vi
water coul l ever be. tcu-taine.l. thi
is a very brief review of lb .criticism
against the Gatun Th.u plans as re
lated to the writer by ft prominent
civil engineer who tad bii a member
of the canal foinciissiin
The lock system has other alleged
faults. It is asserted that if one of the
locks should ever happen to break the
vessels in the canal at the time would
have, to depend upon their own safety
devices for salvation. For,'- in the
present scheme of impounding the
waters of the Chagres, ships are to
be raised to an 85-foot level above the
them by any legislative ' act," he as-1
serted, "and they possess no criminal ' .
Jurisdiction derived from the common ! NOWSDclDGr nGcLafirS APfi
tion "the most extraordinary proceed
ing on the part of the federal govern
ment which has shocked the country
since the days of the old federalist
party. This proceeding has for week3
been going on right here In the Dis
trict of Columbia, under the very shad
ow of the capitol, and seems to have
been instigated, if not directly ordered,
by the president."
A large part of Mr. Willett's speech
was taken up with extracts from var
ious court, decisions by which he at
tempted to prove that there is no legal
justification for prosecuting cases of
alleged libel against the government.
He declared that the old English doc
trines .relating to the libeling of the
government or of great public officers
has been rejected in all the" states of
the union since the revolution of 177C,
and that it had, before that time, been
rejected in England by the act abol
ishing in the reign of Charles II. the
star chamber court.
Regarded on t'nunfc.
He asserted that the doctrine has
ever since been regarded "as an un
safe, unreasonable, unjustifiable and
unconstitutional fiction." He held that
the views expressed by John Milton in
his famous speech on the freedom of
the press and the views of John Ersk-
ine in his defense of Thomas Paine,
when that philosopher was indicted for
libel ' upon the British government.
have fixed the law on this subject in
opposition to the old despotic theory
of paternalism, on which he said "the
present prosecution is founded."
He ridiculed the contention which he
said the government's attorneys are
reported to hold, that, though the prin
ciple that the government of a coun
try with a constitution like ours can
not be libeled, applies everywhere else
in the United States, it does not apply
in the District of Columbia.
Not HccOKBiscd by Government.
Libel may be a crime against the
District of Columbia," he declared, "as
it is against the state of New York,
but it is no crime against the federal
government as such, not has it ever
been; nor will it ever be so long as
congress adheres to those principles
on which the revolution and the con
stitution depended. Congress has not
defined It in. any. federal. statutes, nor
has congress given any district or cir
cuit court of the United States juris
diction of the offense, for the reason,
as stated by Judge Johnson in the
Goodwin case, that congress must first
make an act a crime and affix a pun
ishment thereto before it can give to
any court jurisdiction of the offense.
Ai d certainly, added Mr. A Ulett, no
reputable lawyer will contend that a
statute passed by congress, acting as
a local legislature of the District of
Columbia, can create a crime against
the United States."
Intended to Forestall Ilouae.
In conclusion, Mr. Willett defined the
present proceedings by the government
as "a usurpation which seems co be in
tended to forestall this house, the
grand inquest of the nation, in the ex
ercise of its right to investigate
charges of corruption brought by re
sponsible citizens against the adminis
tration now in power. And I warn you
that no such usurpation should be al
lowed to entangle itself in precedents
lest by repetition the abuse become in
veterate' and despotism firmly estab
lished on the ruins of our republic."
Nashville, Tenn., Feb. 13. The jury
was sworn in this morning in the case
of Colonel Duncan B. Cooper, Robin
J. Cooper and John D. Sham, charged
with the slaying of former Senator
Carmack. Court then adjouned until
Tuesday, when the taking of testimony
At Work 25 Day.
For 25 days the court, attorneys and
officers have been wearily trying to
get competent jurors. The law made
those incompetent who had talked
with witnesses to the murder or talk
ed with some one who had talked with
witnesses. On application for hail lo
cal papers printed stenographic stories
of testimony of witnesses.
nnpnpvri Held WItneaaea.
The supreme court has decided that
newspaper printing verbatim testi
mony becomes a witness who has
talked with a witness. Therefore, ev
ery one in the county who read the
testimony became incompetent to sit
on the case as a juror. This elimina
ted at once most of the intelligent cit
izens of the county. As a result It
was necessary to draw five venires, or
a total of 3,019, before a jury was secured.
Four Totally Illiterate.
As it is, four of the jury can neither
read nor write, and two others under
stood English only indifferently. Ev
ery man of the 12 swore he had not
read a newspaper since before the
killing, and some had not read one for
TURKEY'S RULER FOILS PLOT
Scheme to Dethrone Sultan is Disco v.
ered by Grand Vizier.
Berlin, Feb. 13. The recent chang
es in the Turkish ministry are due to
the discovery of a plot against the sul
tan that had for its object his depo
sition, according to the Constantinople
correspondent of the Frankfurter
Zeitung. The plan was to dethrone
the sultan yesterday while he was rid
ing to the Selamlik celebration and
proclaim as sultan Prince Yussof Iz
zedin, eldest son of the late sultan.
The grand vizier, Klamil Pasha, was
fully informed of this conspiracy last
week, and he consequently wanted the
sultan at once to appoint Nazim
Pasha to the post of minister of war.
Owing to th threatened dangers the
ROB TRAIN IN
GOOD OLD WAY
Denver, Feb. 13. While runnine 50
miles an hour, Denver & Rio Grande
passenger train Xo. 4 from the west
was held up at 3:15 this morning be
tween Fort Logan and Denver by two
bandits who suddenly appeared from
the coal tender and compelled the en
gineer and fireman to stop the train.
The surrounding country Is being
scoured by secret service men and
troops at Fort Logan may be asked to
help. Estimates of the amount se
cured by the robbers vary and Infor
mation on this point is very meagre.
The clerks agree only registered mall
FIVE FIREMEN ARE
BURNED TO DEATH
Others Missing and Number Injured
in Blaze at Milwaukee Roof Col
lapses Under Men.
Milwaukee, Feb. 13. Five firemen
are dead, others reported missing and
10 have been injured while fighting a
fire which broke out in the warehouse
of the Johns, Manville Manufacturing
company, 225 Cl'.bourne street, about
noon and burned fiercely until 2
o'clock. The warehouse .togethar
with the piano and organ plant of the
Xetsow Manufacturing company were
practically completely destroyed, en
tailing a loss of $200,000. The firemen
were killed while fighting the blaze
from the roof of the Xetsow building
when the roof collapsed.
river where it makes its way through sea by a flight of locks. Damage to
this depression, and by this means to any one of these locks , would be
impound the waters of the Chagres fraught with great disaster to any
into a vast lake, which would be I E ships in the canal, it Is declared.
WOMAN WILL BE GOVERNOR OF OREGON
WHEN EXECUTIVE BECOMES SENATOR
': Salem, Ore., Feb.' 13. When Gover
nor George E. Chamberlain goes to
Washington to be sworn in as United
States senator, the acting governor
of Oregon will be a woman. It is un
derstood that Governor Chamberlain
does not intend to relinquish the office
of governor until he takes the oath ns
senator. There will . consequently h;
period during which he BtlU will be
governor after he leaves the state. !
the governor's, absence from the stats
it has been the practice for the gov
ernor's secretary to attend to offlcUl
business, such as issuing official doc
uments and signing the governor's '
name. W. N. Gatent. the present sec
retary, it is understood, is slated for
a judgeship and will 'be succeeded -is ,
secretary by Mrs. O. B. Shelton, who
for several years has 1 been the gov
ernors' stenographer, and as the pre
cedent will be followed - Mrs. Sheltoa
will be the acting governor.