Newspaper Page Text
THE AHGUS. "FRIDAY. MAY 14, 1909.
BRIGADIER GENERAL WILLIAM II. CARTER
grubs and other noxious insects. Tho
ilicker or yellowhauimer ruus its Ions
bill into an ant's nest and collects in
sects on its sticky tongue. It. Is
USE MUCH HERE
... ., '4W
I thought ants compose half it3 food; i-s I
many as 5.000 have been taken from treat Quantities of Creosote
Required in Preservation of
Wood in this Country.
Brigadier (It-nernl Carter,
Department of Luzon.
now in the Philippines in command of the
BIRD FRIENDS OF FARMER
Prof, llankinsou Reports Stomach Contents of Many, With Some
It is very dillicult to tell at a dis
tance what a bird is eating. Dover!
and quail apparently in the act of eat
ing grain; were found to have only
Heed weed in tljfir crops. Thirty-one
blackbirds that seemed to be pulling
corn were s1kI ; the i.toinaohs of 1')
contained noibiug but. rut worms, one
having Z'l; the other 12 had eaten
chiefly beetles; a little corn was found
in but 5 stomachs. Crows have also
been killed when they apieared to be
destroying young corn, and white
grubs and cut worms .were found !n
The Quail. The quail 'eats many
weed Fe.nls and noxious insects, and
probably doe-, liitle if any damage:
The I'nited S;at.es biological survey
examined S:'0 quail stomach:; from 21
deserved persecution by man than the
hawks. Intensive food studies have
shown that the majority of the hawks
do much more good than they do harm,
chiefly kilting insects. Of the 1C kinds
in Illinois only three, the goshawk
(scarce). Cooper's hawk, and the sharp
shinned hawk are injurious. The red
taled. red shouldered, marsh hawk,
rparrow hawk and others are benefi
cial. The sparrow hawk Ifres almost
entirely upon insects, especially grass
hoppers, in summer and upon mice in
. The Yellow J Billed - Cuckoo This
bird, seen about the orchard or wood
lands, and known as the "rain crow,"
destroys a host of injurious insects,
especially caterpillars; 2,771 of the
latler were taken from .stomachs;
13 tent caterpillars from a single
Woodpeckers Little damage to tre?s
j is done by woodpeckers; they are us-
' 11 CI A 1 11. . A A
states, and found 13 per cent o7 the
food to be insects, of 110 kinds; lit')
potato beetles wro found in one stom
ach. The fanner may weil ask, "Is 't
piofitnble to have quail killed on the r.ally after inserts, and they protect
farm?" even though they b; excellent j both forest and fruit trees. Some
focd. I woodpeckers also feed upon grasshop-
The Hawks N'o birds have more un-1 revs, plant lice, caterpillars, white
Save a Dollar
You can save at least a dollar
your next shoe purchase.
'ou can get a shoe that will fit
better .lookbetter, and give you
ist a dollar's worth more
r than any other popular
riced shoe you have
' ever worn.
For Women, Misses and Children
The only hlfjh quality shoe on ibe market which sells for 2.00 and J2.50.
Comes in the very latest st)lys aud hold's its shape to perfect ion. Made by
hi;h class workmen who kn.nv how to build a shoe so as to tit every curve
of the foot.
I'onti jo's Wear-Well Shoes feel comfortable the minute you put them
on and Stay that way. Culy c-arefuli selected, touh, tlcxiblo leather is
used in their ruanufaeture. .
Save your feet and save your money write for the nqrao of the dealer
who handles our line in your town. Then investigate the valuer; he can
offer you in Gun Metals, Kills and Patents, in l'.lueher. Lace aud Button
effects. These values must Lj seen to be appreciated.
Pontiac Shoe Mfg. Co.
Oranges for Health
Physicians state that an orange eaten before each
meal will so regulate the system as to make the call
of a doctor a rare occurrence.
Oranges promote the action of the gastric juices
aid digestion act mildly on the, liver and are
wonderfully cooling in tases of fever. The choicest, ripest and most
luscious oranges that reach the market are "Sunkist."
Ask Your Dealer for "Sunkist"
The California Fruit Growers' Exchange label the
choicest oranges from their 5,000 groves Sunkist."
The delicious flavor of this perfect seedless fruit
makes you keen for more , of its kind. Ask your
dealer for "Sunkist" Brand.
Hot lemonade made from large juicy California lemon
(sweetened with honey preferred) will break up a cold.
Served hot, it opens the pores of the skin. A severe cold may
be bken up in one night if given this attention promptly.
one stomach. These birds do some
harm and the yellow bellied wood
pecker or sap-sucker has a bad habit
of haking series of holes around limbs
of fruit trees. In fruit growing reg-
Msii-ia Hit, cnofiAo mnir ho line J r i vol v tn-
I IKJII WHO -i v v. .1 anuj - i. uni 'J
jurious. The little black and white
spotted, downy woodpecker, often (;4.eat Waste
found about cur doorya.rd trees, espec
ially in winter, is one of the most bene
ficial species. It destroys codling moth
pupae on the bark of aifple trees.
The N'ighthawk This bird does no
harm and feeds entirely on insects,
which it catches on the wing. Four
nlghthawks had. respectively, CO, 38,
22 and 19 grasshoppers in their stom
achs. As many as 1,000 winged ants
have been taken from one bird, and
iO.000 ants were found in the stom
achs of S7 nighthawks.
The King Bird or llee Martin This
noisy, alert member or the nycatcner
family acts somewhat as a policeman
by keeping away such large birds as
hawks and crows. It does little harm
in catching bees, which were found in
only 14 out of 241 stomachs examined.
The bulk of their food is noxious in
sects. The Bluejay The bluejay is a friend
of the farmer, although it eats some
corn and does a little other mischief.
The food of nearly "00 bluejays, taken
at different times of the year from 22
states, showed that nearly a quarter
of it was insects, mostly harmful ones.
Grasshoppers, caterpillars and beetles
constitute nearly two-thirds of the
food taken in August.
Blackbirds Blackbirds appear to do
much damage to the corn for a short
time in the fall, but during the rest
of the year they do much good by eat
ing insects. The examination of sev-
eial thousand stomachs by the United
States biological survey showed large
numbers of white grubs, cutworms
Meadow Lark The meadow lark is
one of the most beneficial of all birds
to ihe fanner. It is estimated it saves
$1.20 a season by killing grasshoppers
The 12 common sparrows are all
beneficial except the Knglish sparrow.
The rose-breasted grosbeak is an im
portant enemy of the Colorado potato
beetle. They have been seen to gorge
themselves with potato beetles until
they could scarcely fly.
The cardinal grosbeak or common
redbird is a valuable insect destroyer.
The Swallows The several species
of swallows, including the, large pur
ple martin, are among the most valua
ble insect destroyers. The English
spanow drives them away and de
stroys their young and eggs and many
fanners pull 'down their nests. "They
eat very little that is of value to the
farmer and are especially adapted for
capturing insects in midair. !
The catbird Cats some small fruit,
unless there is enough wild fruit, but
it offsets this by destroying ants, bee
tles, caterpillars and grasshoppers.
The Brown Thrush Dr. S. A. Forbes
studied the food eaten by 92 thrushes
(or brown thrushes) shot in Illinois,
and says: "Insects amount to about
half of the food for each month except
May, when they raise to three-fourths,
and in July, when they drop to one
fourth. June beetles, curculios, ants
and some caterpillars were found.
The robin destroys a great many in
sects, and in this way undoubtedly
pays for the fruit it eats except in re
gions where a great deal of fruit is
raised. It will eat wild fruit instead
if such can be found. Dr. Forbes found
robins eating cutworms extensively in
spring. Professor T. L. Hankinson
Illinois Farmers' Institute, Springfield,
MORE THAN PRODUCTION
Making (iieater Tart of Coke
TOMORROW, LAST DAY, WILL BE A BUSY ONE IN THE
Great May sale of muslin underwear
An Entry For tha Derby.
One of the most peculiar caudldate9
for Derby honors which turf history
records was the Cockney Boy, who
made one of a field of fifteen In the
year 1S70. lie belonged to a W. Rog
ers and was described on the card as
a "chestnut colt by Knight Templar
(son of Knight of Kars), dam Irish
Rose (pdlgree unknown).". Only one
engagement was ever made for this
distinguished animal, and that was the
Derby. He never ran before or after
ward, and his ultimate fate Is un
known, but he created a profound sen
sation by his singular aspect as he am
bled down to the post, aDd the re
marks concerning him and his jockey
were anything but complimentary. He
had about as much chance of winning
as the average butcher's pony would
have possessed, though the field that
year was by no means high class. Ills
actual price in the betting at the start
could not be ascertained, but a cour
ageous publican hailing from Barking
accepted 500 to 1 about him. possi
bly on the remote chance of all the
other competitors dropping dead dur
ing the two and n half minutes' strut
gle. The Cockney Boy was somewhere
about Tottenham Corner when the
winner. Lord Falmouth's Klngscraft,
was walkluff back to the weighing In-
closure. It -was a melancholy exhibi
tion. Sport Set,
The World's Best Climate.
Is not entirely free from disease, on
the high . elevations fevers prevail,
while on the lower levels malaria is
encountered to a greater or less ex
tent, according to altitude. To over
come climatic affections lassitude, ma
'aria, jaundice, biliousness, fever and
ague, and general debility, the most
effective remedy is Electric Bitters,
the great alternative for every form
of bodily weakness, nervousness and
Insomnia. Sold . under guarantee -at
all druggists. Price 50c.
Washington, May 14. More than 5C,
000,000 gallons of creosote and nearly
19,000,000 pounds of zinc chlorid were
used in preserving timber in the
United States last year. Small quan
tities of crude oil, ''corrosive sublimate
and other chemicals were also used.
These figures are based upon reports
to the United States forest service of
44 firms which operated C4 timber)
treating plants. Assuming that on an!
average one gallon of creosote, or one
third of a pound of zinc chlorid will
protect a cubic foot of timber from de
cay, more than lOO.Ono.OiiO cubic ftet
of cross ties, piling, jkjIcs, mine and
other timbers were Kiven a treat nit nt
that will greatly increase their life
Never sincetimber treating began
on a commercial scale in the United
States has the domestic supply of creo
sote been equal to I ho needs of the
ndustry. With the rapid development
f wood preservation in recent years,
he insufficiency of the home produc
ion of creosote . has become more
marked. In 190S almost seven-tenths
to be exact, CS) per cent of the creo-
ote used by the treating plants was
mported, and but "1 per cent was ob
tained from domestic sources.
tivt Mim-Ii From KiirIsiidI.
Nearly three-fourths of the imported
reosote comes from England and Ger
many; some is obtained in Nova
Scotia, aud some in Scotland and Hol-
and. The domestic rreosoJe used by
he treating plants was obtained chief
ly in New York, Philadelphia and other
Creosote is distilled from coal tar.
by-product in the manufacture of
Humiliating gas and coke from bitu
minous coal. Not more than 20 per
cent of the coke used in the I'nited
States is made in by-product ovens.
No coal tar is recovered from the bee
hive ovens in which roost of the coke
is made; consequently, the total pro-
luction of coal tar is far less than it
would be with more conservative op
Were all the tar produced which the
coal . annually coked in the United
States is capable of.tielding, it would'
distill as much creosote as is now used,
by the wood preservers. Unfortunate-!
y, American operators do not even get
he fullest use of the limited quantity-
of coal tar made in this country, for
t does not pay the operators to dis
ill coal tar for creosote alone; so, un
less they find a market for the asso
ciated products, it is nots. separated.
Germany has gone far ahead of the
United States in the development of
coal tar products, and its exports of!
them to this country are steadily in
The zinc chlorid used in wood pres
ervation is all obtained from domestic
sources, according to the reports. Most
if it is produced by a few large chem-
Tien Knt Qulckl?.
Cross ties are particularly liable to
decay, since they are used under con
ditions which are favorable to the
rowth of the wood-destroying fungi.
Consequently the- railroads have al
ways taken a leading part in timber
preservation in the United States.
Twcnlve of the 24 firms which are op
erating timber treating plants are rail
road companies. The railroads also
have many ties treated by commercial
timber treating plants.
Statistics upon the number of ties
treated in 190S have not yet been com
piled. In 1907. however, according to
Forest Products Bulletin No. 8 of the
bureau of the census, Wie steam rail
roads of the United States used 19,-
192,000 treated ties, of which 11,217,-
000 ties were treated at their own
The electric roads used CC4.000 treat
ed ties in the same year, nearly two-
thirds -of which were purchased at
ready treated. The majority of the
treated ties used by the" steam rail
roads were preserved with zinc chlorid,
while with the electric roads more ties
SHE best advertising this sale is receiving,
is the hundreds of pleased customers tell
ing their friends of the values. "While we are
confident of the superiority of our garments,
nothing we might say is haif so convincing as
this free expression of our patrons. The quality
, of the materials is excellent; the sizes are gener"
our; the patterns of the laces and embroideries
are beautiful; garments made in best manner.
Muslin Corset Covers, Draworp,
Petticoats, Chemises at 2,
Muslin and nainsook Drawers,
Night Gowns, Petticoats. Corset.
Covers, Com. Garments, 50
Night Gowns, long & short Pet
ticoats, Drawers, Corset Covers, .
Chemises, Combinations, 98
Night Gowns, Drawers. Petti
coats, Chemises, Covers. 1.50
1500 yards 39, 48 & 50c fine wash fabrics, Sat., 25c
SHE offering of this quantity of these fine, soft, imported silk and silk-and-cotton
fabrics at this low price is one of the chief saving events of
the season. Foulard, louisine, chiffon and crepe weaves, silk mulls, Seco
and Monotone s !ks in a broad variety of beautiful patterns and plain ef
fects in the most wanted shades. 27 inches wide. Qualities you will find
on sale at 39, 48 and 50c. SPECIAL FOR SATURDAY ONLY, 25c
Wash goods remnants Sat. 1-3 off
Remnants left from the busy selling of the
past two months; alfthe popular fabrics are
included. Lawns, bastlstes, mulls, chiffons,
cotton voiles, dimities, etc. Lengths for
waists, dresses & children's frocks, 1-3 OFF
39c sfiirtings and waistings, yard 23c
A shirt maker's ten to twenty-yard lengths
that would not cut to advantage so ae sold
them at a low price. Striped patterns on
ecru, gray and white grounds. 32 in. wide.
Fine for Bhirts and waists, 29c grade, 23
25c Mercerized Shepherd Checks in blue and white and black and white
colors. Different sized checks. 27 inches wide. Saturday per yd, 15c.
West Alele. rear
Continuation of the sale of women's covert coats
a u n r &z&fr
SHE style and character of these coats make them remarkable
values at these reduced prices. They are made of splendid
qua ity materials and well finished. Long and medium lengths.
Lot I--Covert Coats, good styles,
56 to 5U-inch lengths. 515 IQ qr
values, priced in this sale, SSJ
Lot II--Covert Coats in 36 and 52
inch lengths. $17.50 and r rr
$18.50 values, special at -i-3v
Lot III--Covert Coats, ' practical
36-inch lengths. Former- H f t?C
ly sold at $22.50, now at AO. Jll
Lot IV--Covert Coats in stylish
52-in. Igth. Handsomely HQ QT
made. $30 garments, now 'J
Lot V--Covert Coats,52 inches long.
Regular $35 garments reduced to
Coats values to $5.95 at $3.95
Covert Coats in pleasing semi-fitted
styles made without lining. 'Also
Fancy Coats in 23-inch fry qlj
lengths; semifitted models. )J.IS
$7.95 and $8.95 coats at $4.95
Medium Length Coats of black broad
cloth, satin lined; unllned Fancy Wor
steds and black silk.
lined with eatin. Now. .. . .J4.
$10 fancy covert and broadcloth coats, $6.95
dv oz J3c socks o prs. $1
FALLING HAIR Is Ibe forerunner
ol baldness. I! you wish to
prevent It. start la now to use
OLLECTION of men's sam
ple' socks in plan colors, black
and fancy patterns. Have sold
for 50 and 75c, at 35c pr., 3 prs. $1
Men's 25c ad 50c Socks balance of
a sample line recently bought. Special
at 19 single pair. 3 pairs, 50
Women's Hose "Seconds" of a large
maker's 25c line. Plain black, tans,
etc- 15d the pair. 7 pairs for $1
Children's strap pumps
SHE correct footwear for child
ren is the strap pump or ankle
tie slippers. Excellent assortments
in these models at $1.25 and $1.50
Also at 2, $2.50 and S3. These embody
all the qualities necessary to good
footwear. Made of selected Russia
calf and patent colt leathers; genuine
welt soles; have the broad toes which
are so comfortable for little feet. Reg
ular or spring heels. 2, $2.50. S3
v East Aisle, rear
$1 untrimmed shapes in popular styles, Sat. at 79c
r-i?lHOSE who intend to trim their own hats will amre-
1 Ic.iflt.P! this timely -bargain in rough Jap straw shapes
in the popular mushroom, peach basket
and flare sailor effects; burnt and natural
shades. Medium sizes. Dollar shapes, 796
$1 flowers, bunch, 59c
A large collection of flowers
and foliage roses, chrysan
themums, eic. suitable for
trimming the above shapes.
$1.00 values, bunch, fiQ
59c flowers, bunch, 25c
Another collection of Flow
ers and foliage has been re
duced to half. Good opportun
ity for home milliners; 50c
grades, tomorrow, bunch, 2,1
35c all-silk ribbons for millinery' purposes, Sat. only, yard, 26c
H Fine firm quality of silk that works-up so nicely In millinery bows and t-ie
t like. Five inches wide, mack, white navy, tan.
1 MM3 t
S5c grade for Ut
were treated with creosote than with
any other one preservative.
Many, telephone and telegraph poles
and see bow quickly the new are creosoted and there is a growing
hairs will begin to come in; good use of treated timber by the most pro
strong bealthy ones too. The old gressive mine operators. Jn many har-
lJiFil?tnf b0rs the only Practical method of pro
dandruff, tne cause ol oalaness, tpHtno- ;iQO , . :,
urtii at..n.... Thon vnn uriii tecUnS P'ies from the destructive
have a head ol hair to be proud tercdo to creosote them heavily.
Ot, une OI llie most recent uses of creo-
IS NOT A DYE. jsoted wood on an extensive scale is
$1 AND BOe. BOTTLES, AT DRUGGISTS, for rectangular wooden block pave
tthSSS" nt. New York, Boston. - Baltimore,
SSiiXiScIKS Indianapolis Chicago, and other large
XhSE . - cities are using largequanlities. Creo-
. PhlloHay Spec. Co, Newark. N.J. soted wooden blocks have been laid
For Sale by T. H. Thomas and W. T. in front of the new terminal station
; Hartz, Druggists. t ibuilding in Washington..
'- So is, TEDDY, and so will you-
be if - v : '
- I ' . I' .v-::.. j y.
DoeB Your Dental Work. " ;
"It Don't Hurt a Eit." .'