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THE &KGTTS, FRIDAY. MAY: 14, 1909
How His Strength With the
People Hss Decreased The
Defeat of His Policies
by State Leaders.
: By FREDERICK R. TOOMBS.
EDITOR'S NOTE. Mr. Toombs is ,a
Siaraber of the New York legislature and
oaa supported the governor In ali of his
fights except on the Ulnman-Oreen direct
primary bill. The fact. then, that Mr.
Toombs sees a decline In the governor's
power is particularly significant. Gov
ernor Hughes was the most effective
speaker in the Republican party during
the last campaign, and his work In New
"York state and In the west was one of
tbe deciding factors of the campaign.
During his tours many people became in
terested in him and in the problems that
he waa trying to solve.
THE recent closing of tbe session
of the New York legislature
brought to an eud what was
probably the most trying ordeal
In the career of Charles E. Hughes as
governor and at the same time brought
him nearer to a point where he must
make a choice between his political
principles and his political career. Not
every man In high political life Is com
pelled to make this choice. In politics
as outside it a man's principles are of
ten a matter of convenience or of ex
pediency. Not so has it been with
Qovernor Hughes. Face to face with
the issue, he must decide whether he
will continue to fight for the establish
ment and perpetuation of his state
governmental policies, and thus sacri
fice his political future, or whether he
;will compromise with or surrender to
tbe Itepublican organization of his
State, and thus- guarantee to himself
the favor of that organization and a
political career of bright promise.
Governor Hughes came out of the
Taft presidential campaign of last fall
with a national reputation as a cam
paign orator." Widely spoken of as the
greatest asset of tbe JUepublieau party
in the east and re-elected by a larger
majority than he received two years
before, in spite of the prejudice cer
tain Of : his reform - measures had
aroused, he entered on his second term '
of office with probably the greatest
measure of popularity he had ever en
Joyed. The legislature convened. Gov
ernor Hughes promulgated a long re-'
form , program on the linos he has '
made familiar. The defeat of this pro
gram is well known. Today how do I
we find him? We know that his party
organization is violently opposed to
hiifl and to his methods and measures. I
jBut has he grown stronger with the;
people? If he has not gained strength,
, has he retained his former strength?
If he has not retained it, what portion
or percentage of it has he lost? What
does he want to accomplish for him
self or for his announced princi
What does the future hold for him
In politics? :
Would Not "Play Politics."
i 'As a purely political exposition a
(governor who fights the state organiza
tion of his party can gain but one of
two things a victory or a compro
mise. The chances always are that he
fwlll attain neither end. To gaiueither
he must "play politics. Hughra has
iot played politics L e.. he has not
created a political " machine through
his powers of appointment and veto.
I Therein lies the secret of much of
twhat will prove to be his weakness In
ithe immediate future,
j He . was renominated for governor
,T6ecanse the Itepublican leaders, state
;and national, feared the loss of votes
that would result from turning down
ta reform governor in a presidential
fyeaf.ln what might again prove to be
fthe pivotal state. But that contingen
tcy cannot occur again, so far ' aa
I r . - - t
yf fTn' 41k I
By Forsaking His Principles He
Can Satisfy His Political
Ambitions Senate and ,
Flughes la concerned. Whatever he I
receives at the hands of the Republic- ?
an partytjn future he must be in a po
sition to demand. He has lost strength
among the voters. He has been sub
jected to a series of important defeats
In the last New York legislature. The
psychology of defeat is no uncertain
quantity. Tbe public demands a win
ner. It demands a winner that keeps
on winning. Cunning tongues are ever
ready to Insinuate that the man who
is defeated was not sincere in his cam
paign. And Hughes had no issue this year
that gripped the public as did the race
track issue. By forcing the anti-racing
bills on tbe statute books he aroused
enthusiasm among a Targe percentage
of citizens not only in his state, but
throughout the country, who saw in
him a man who dared to fight high
power and who could win against
heavy odds. His chief issue this year
was that the present' mode of miming
candidates in New York state should
be revolutionized. He argued that po
litical bosses controlled nominations
for office, even though they could not
necessarily control elections. He rec
ommended a direct nominations or
primary reform bill and had introduced
In both houses of the legislature a
measure on this subject which waa
largely his handiwork. He depended
on public opinion and support to force
the passage of this bill (the so called
Hluuiun-Green bill) through the legis
lature. He weut before the citizens of
the state with the slogan, "Down with
the bosses!" But the people refused to
become aroused. While they had
grasped the evils of betting on horse
races In a moment the year before,
they could not comprehend the full
significance of Governor Hughes' ar
guments on direct primaries without
considerable study. Direct primaries
proved an academic issue that re
quired more time for thought. If it
were to be understood, than the aver
age citizen could afford.
Importance of Newspaper Attitude.
But. still more Important, most of the
newspapers in the populous centers
did not feature the Dews relating to
the direct primary campaign. Thus the
chief means Ilughes bad of reaching
the great mass of the public lost much
of tbe usefulness it once bad. In fact,
dozens of newspapers openly condemn
ed his direct primary bill, while others
went further and condemned the very
principle of direct nominations Itself.
The support of the New York Times
and the New York Sun had previously
been of vast aid to the governor. They
circulate among large numbers of in
dependent voters In the city and
state. Their clientele Is what sbonld
be termed high class. But during the
last few months these two papers edl
tdrially have turned ffatly against the
governor on his biggest Issues. Conse
quently they weakened his support
among hundreds of Hughes voters.
Wen of prominence outside political
fields also attacked the direct nomina
tions bill. Among these men were
President Jacob "Gould Schurman of
Cornell university and President Nich
olas Murray Butler of Columbia uni
versity. Ex -Mayor -Beth Low of New
York city, himself a leading supporter
of the governor's direct nominations
bill, stated In Albany before n Joint
session of the senate and assembly
Judiciary committees: "I do not be
lieve this bill should be enacted , this
year, as it would prevent fusion in the
New York city mayoralty campaign.
Put It into effect next year." -
Those were some of the influences
that affected public opinion regarding
the direct primary bill, and tbe com
bined Influences were sufficient to give
many a senator and assemblyman a
reason for voting against tbe measure
that would be acceptable to most of
The attitude of many of tbe newspa
pers In opposing Hughes' measures in
New York state, particularly in New
York city, has' been caused by corpo-
ruon " nas r'aie
th rations of public service and
allied corporations in a manner not to
their liking. The public service com
mission has been a spear between tbe
ribs of various street railway and rail
road companies, etc. One New York
city street railway company claims
that it has had to file 2,000 reports
with the commission since the board
has been in existence. Tbe Hughes in
surance reform and banking reform
measures have antagonized these in
terests and their powerful allies, such
as fire insurance companies, etc. He
has further attacked telephone and
telegraph companies. AH these inter
ests have influence with political par
ties, and so with the legislature.
Through the aggressive Hughes pol
icy regarding the interests of the
classes namedthe governor has arous
ed antagonism that will prove too
strong for him to successfully combat,
for he has no machine, and his
strength with the voters is decreasing
through lack of a new appeal of the
necessary Impressive qualities.
A Fatal Compromise.
Probably the failure of his direct
nominations campaign was inevitable
when he decided to make his bill a
compromise. It did not provide for
slmon pure direct primaries. It gave
a preference to political organizations,
unlike the Wisconsin and other plans.
Resultant was the disapproval of vari
ous civic bodies that, however, sup
ported the bill perfunctorily as at least
a step in the right direction. The Re
publican and De:uocm"tIc organizations
joined in a common cause to defeat
the direct primary bill, and when this
was accomplished this bipartisan com
bination was maintained until several
Important measures affecting corpo
rate interests were either defeated or
emasculated by the devious process of
The great trouble with the govern
or's campaign for direct primaries,
which has vtially affected Ills career,
was that he offered the compromise
himself Instead of forcing his oppo
nents to do so.
Men who have voted for every re
form measure the governor ever pro
mulgated went on record against him
on his direct primary bill; also last
year the Hughes telephone and tele
graph control bill received over thirty
votus In the assembly. This year It
got tut four votes when first voted on
and live the second time.
Real Holers of State and Country.
The business interests of this coun
try control this country. The business
men of the various states control the
various states. Tbe business &en con
trol political parties. When the gov
ernor of a state so conducts himself in
office as to antagonize powerful busi
ness Interests and to fill them with
distrust of his policies he faces a fin-
Removed by Lydia E. Pink
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Llndlev. Inrl. T.vrHa "P THnV.
ham's Vegetable Compound removed
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help me. I am very
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and took Lydla E.
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One of the greatest triumphs of
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If you would like special advice
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Lynn, Mass. Her advice is lree,
and always helpful. . ,
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ILLINOIS WOMAN MAKES
Picks Eighty-five Gallons of Berries Besides Per
forming Reguhr Housework.
M,rs. Anna Maring. It. F. D. No. 1,
Box 57, Dennison, Clark county. 111.,
relates an interesting experience with
the Cooper remedies, which have
grown largely into popular favor dur
ing the past few years. She says:
"For years I have suffered agony
from stomach trouble, always exper
iencing severe paiu immediately after
eating. I had a very poor appetite,"
and often went without my meals in
order to escape the distress that was
sure to follow. My digestion was
bad, I was troubled with gas on my
stomach and my bowels were in a
wretched condition. -
"I tried everything I heard of in
an effort to get relief, but could find
nothing that would help me. I be
came weak, run down and greatly
discouraged. I could do scarcely
any work and felt miserable all the
time. I had no strength every
thing was a drag, even my very ex-
istence. I could not sleep, and waplendid Cooper medicine
so nervous and worn out that Mte
hardly seemed worth the living.
aving read several announce
ments of the Cooper remedies, I was
finally so impressed with the claims
lsh llht ror his political existence.
The stringent nature uf certain of
the Hughes reforms have caused some
of the Important business interests to
attempt to go to the other extreme
and wipe out all state control over
their affairs. An interesting indica
tion of this tendency was revealed be
fore the judiciary committee of the
New York state senate a week before
the legislature adjourned.
JosepU H. Choate, former ambassa
dor to England, appeared for the Ryan
street railway Interests In opposition
ta the Davis bills extending the power
of the public service commission. lie
condemned the measures unmercifully.
I-lnally Senator .George A. Davis of
Lancaster, the committee chairman, in
terrupted Mr. Choate, asking: .
"Mr. Choate. Is it possible that "you
can -find nothing good at all in these
"Yes." quickly retorted Mr. Choate.
"I haven't been, looking for anything
good In them."
The political future of Governor
Hughes will be determined during the
next year. - - .
nis party organization Is willing to
stand by him. to renominate hltn if be
so destres or to promote him for a
consideration. And that consideration
!s that he modify bis policies, abandon
radical reform programs and follow
tie lead of his organization instead of
trying to lead the organization. In the
words of a prominent member of the
legislature spoken to the writer few
days ago, "If Charley becomes docile
he will go higher, for even his bitter
est enemies recognize his ability."
Will Charley become docile?
The only answer will be his legisla
tive, program next winter, a year lead
lag to another state convention, a year
of peculiar political significance there
fore. Various of the governor's Impor
tant issues of this year have been
smothered by the recent creation of
legislative investigating commissions
which are to report to the next legis
lature. These commissions are to inves
tigate direct nominations and the ques
tion as to whether the jurisdiction of
tho public service commission shall be
extended over telephone and telegraph
companies, and they will also investi
gate tbe matter of a new charter for
the city of Greater New York.
If these commissions make reports
fd verse to the governor's views, will
he resign himself to the Inevitable, or
will he have bills introduced to com
bat the organization leaders and to
carry out his own recommendations?
In other words." will be start another
light In wnlcb ht eauuot win owing to
:ne Intrenched power uf his opposition?
'Suppose tbe next legislature extends
the time In which these commissions
ihuil reooru uu that au excuse. for not
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Ideal for Every
of L. T. Cooper and with the state
ments made by persons who had
used his medicine, that I decided to
give it a trial, and procured a treat
ment of Cooper's New discovery.
" From the first day 1 started to
use the New Discovery. I began to
improve. It put my stomach and
bowels into perfect condition, cleans
ed my system of impurities, and
built me up rapidly in flesh and
strength. I was soon sleeping
soundly at night, and in the morn
ing felt rested, and ready for the
day's work. By the time 1 had tak
en the full treatment my health was
better than it had been in years.
"Last summer I picked 85 gallons
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other work. The neighbors all re
marked how well I was looking.
And I told them it was Cooper's New
Discovery that was doing it. I can
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benefit I have derived from this
Cooper's New Discovery is now on
sale by all druggists everywhere.
A sample, bottle mailed free upon
request by addressing the Cooper
Medicine company, Dayton, Ohio.
' taking action on the questions Involred
. ivlll be forthcoming? And there is also
the report of tbe governor's Wall
street Investigating committee to be
As to Senate and Presidency.
Should the governor remain content
with the attitude of the legislative
leaders next wluter on those Iinpor-
rant questions and drop his direct pri
mary issue he need have no fear for
his political future. He will be "taken
care of" and can certainty go to tho
United Statea senate when - Depew'a
I term expires In 1S)11 nuless Theodore
(Roosevelt returns alive from the Afrl
, can jungles and desires that office.
1 The governor can thus also iraln the
favor of Henry W. Taft, .brother of)
President Taft, who represents the
president In many Important political
matters In New York state and whose
actual influence . politically In New
York Is not realized by tbe general
public. The presidential nomination
seven years hence, after Taft Is re
nominated, can be within the reach of ,
the governor If he becomes "docile.
At that time be will be In his prime,
fifty -four years old.
And let it not be overlooked that
Ilughes is ambitious politically ambi- :
tious. He wants to perpetuate his
ideals in the constitutional fabric of
his state and his country. He says and
believes that "we are a government of
laws and not of men." A man of tre- .
mendous constructive ability, of great
mental activity and of keen nercen-
tive qualities, he has not subscribed to
the political organization doctrine that
we are a government of urn aud not
of. law?. He may or may not be a
man without a party, "oecause be has
everything but tbe delegates." But the
fact remains that he caa attach to him
self a strong party organization by
shaping his course to the' political
winds next year.
Will Governor Hughes choose a ca-
j reer oi political aavancemeut at the
A llxt . a a aa
cxpeuse or ins poiiut-ai principles? -
'He probably answered this question
in advance when at the legislative 'cor
respondents' dinner at Albany In April
he Bald. Tnie. I am a dreamer, but I
am no quitter."
If Governor Hnghes further demon
strates that he is no quitter reeardinz
his announced state policies. If Charley
. does not become "docile." tbe organlza
, tion of his party will defeat htm in tbe
1 legislature. In convention and In-caucus.
It has tbe power to do" so. It
dares to do so. "The people forget."
says a noted lobbyist. The forgetful-
ness of tbe people is the safeguard of
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