Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-EIGIITII YEAR. NO. 203.
THE ARGUS, TUESDAY, JUNE 15, 1909.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
TO MAKE RICH RICHER
AND THE POOR POORER
CLEVELAND DID MOT WRITE
ARTICLE M LAST CAMPAIGN
THAT SUMMER VACATION
n 1 I1IL i 'rr
I IIPPOSB TOri WhlCn Tariff
Bill Was Written,
Senate Leaders Denounced for
Refusal to Answer Ques
tions. Washington, June 15.
that the masters of monopoly in the.:""1 Kt lu loudy u,,u u,e ""
. , , A, .covering importations from the Phil
tinted Sta cs were ;n control-; that,-, hlCB was aken raring tnat
the tariff bill was written to serve (ol,atco , tho PhllIppines was
their purpose to make the rich richer 1 .... , , ., , , - .
, .. i.i .. 'unfitted for the American market be-
and the poor poorer, and to beneht , . , , ,
, , . .. . .. cause of inferior quality, Bulkeley of
the few at the expense of the many, ,, ... ' . ' , , .; .
Senator Owen today held the atten
tion of the senate for several hours
with a speech replete with denunci
ation of the republican protective
tariff policy and of the majority
members of the finance committee.
Responsibility for the unrest of tho(Viding that 300,000 gross tons of wrap
country he laid at the door of "The per and filler tobacco to be admitted
recent giant monopolies, engendered to the United States from the Philip
and sheltered by the prohibitive pines free and that the number of
tariff." , f cigars to he admitted free shall be
AsalnNt People' will. - ' ' 70,000,000 instead of 150,000,000 and
Senator Owen opposed the bill in that the amount of the Tree filler to
its entirety because he said ft"was bacco shall be reduced from 1,500,000
contrary to the will of the American pounds to 1,000,000. Aldrich on behalf
people. "Then I point out the tin-'of the finance committee accepted
avoidable effect of extreme poverty
as the necessary complement of un
limited wealth in the hands of the
few accumulated under the shelter
of the law." he declared. "I wish
it distinctly understood that the dark
picture of human misery which the
truth compels me to portray breathes
from me no spirit of pessimism, be
cause I am an optimist. I recognize
the immediate dawn of better tilings
and an early remedy."
yyy ' Looks to Future.
Among the reasons assigned by
him fpr being an optimist, Senator
Owen ItttTtTthat be belicvcrr that the
American people, who loved liberty,
who believed in self-government,
who believed in mercy and charity
as well as iu industry and providence
"will see to it that this government
is so conducted by their representa
tives that in the future. there shall
bo a more equitable distribution of
the proceeds of human labor; that
we shall change the present policy,
whose inevitable tendency is the use
less, the vulgar, and insane enrich
ment of the few at the expense of
tho misery and sorrow and of the
physical and spiritual degeneration
of millions of men, women and chil
dren who are now submerged by the
commercial devices of mammon." In
his opinion, he asserted, the bill
should not pass because it violated
the pledge of the republican party
and of the republican leader during
the last campaign. The republican
party platform, he declared, was "un
equivocal," and its reasonable and
latural interpretation was plain.
Senator Owen, reverting to the
debates in the senate on the tariff,
said that when he had sought to as
certain why the difference in the
cost of production at home and
abroad had not been compiled as a
basis for the drafting of the bill.
Senator Gallinger "rises in his place
and solemnly advises mo that my
in quiry is 'absurd.' " He would not,
he said, question the intelligence of
Mr. Aldrich nor would he reply to
him in kind, but, he said, "1 appeal
from him to the American people,
who will not hold him guiltless for
his callous and reprehensible con
duct in this matter." Tho failure of
Mr. Aldrich and his colleagues to
furnish the senate with the difference
in cost of production at home and
abroad, he bitterly denounced, re
marking that the request had been
met with "supercilious indifference."
He charged that Mr. Aldrich had
withheld information upon that
point, and that he had refused to
Senator Daniel and to other demo
cratic members of the finance Com-
FOR A FEDERAL
Washington, June 15. Senator
Nei;;on today introduced an am
ment to the tariff bill providing for
the submission (o tho. several states
of the question of amending the con
stitution of the United States so as
to give congress the right to levy a
tax on incomes.
mittee the privilege of having the
suine information that he himself
enjoyed and that when his attention
stitutional conduct, he justifies it by
quoting from an evil precedent of
democratic origin and seemed to
think he had fully answered for this
breach of duty."
For Independence of Inlander.
Washington, June 15. The ques
tion of independence for the Philip
pines received attention in the sen
ate today. Senator Dorah started the
ball rolling by saying he proposed to
cast his vote for the 'Loosening of
tho bands which tie the Philippine
people to the United States govern
ment.' lie declared himself in favor
of giving the Philippines an inde
pendent government. The declara
tion aroused immediate attention.
Saya Tobacco la Unfit.
. Washington. June 15. The senate I
lie opposed the Philippine amendment
and insisted its enactment into law
woiild do the Philippines no good.
Fix Amount to i:n(er I'rre.
Bulkeley offered an amendment pro-
MEET AT PEORIA
State Fraternal Tribunes
Session with 200 Dele
gates . on Hand.
WELCOMED BY THE MAYOR
Tomorrow to Ite Given Over 'to Pleas
ure, Willi Excursion on the
Peoria, 111., June 13. The conven
tion of the Fraternal Tribunes opened
here this morning with the issuance of
credentials to about 2m delegates who
pre in the city. These were given our.
at the Tiibune hall, S21 South Adams
street. The convention was called to
order at 2 o'clock and Mayor Woodruff
extended a welcome to the visitors.
K. M. Whitman, past supreme Tribune,
responded. At 7 o'clock this evening
a class will be initiated and the secret
work of the order exemplified, which
will be followed by the initiation of
the grand officers.
Tomorrow the business will be sus
pended while an amusement program
is carried out. The various narks will
be visited and in the afternoon the
steamer David Swain will carry the
delegates and guests of the order up
the river, returning at 5 o'clock.
Drill In Evening.
There will be a contest and exhibi
tion of drill work at the Coliseum U
tho evening. Cash prizes will be of
fered and teams from all over the
state will compete. On Thursday with
the transaction of unfinished business
the convention will adjourn.
OF ILLINOIS NAMED
Supreme Court Appoints No Liocal
Jurists for Higher Bench in
Springfield, 111., Juno 15. (Special.)
The supreme court today appointed
(he appellate judges for the three
years commencing June 1, 1909, as fol
First district Main court, Henry V
Freeman, Frank Baker and Jesse Hol
dom, all of Chicago; branch court,
Frederick A. Smith, Axel Chytraus and
Julian W. Mack, all of Chicago.
Second district Dorrance Dibell of
Joliet, Henry B. Willis of Elgin, and
George W. Thompson of Galesburg.
Third district Leslie Puterbaughof
Peoria, James S. Baume of Galena, and
Solon Philbrick of Champaign.
Fourth district Harry Higbee of
Pittsfleld, Robert B. Shirley of Carlin
vllle, and Warren B. Duncan of Mar
ion, Wel Known Pastor Dies.
Washington, June 15. Rev. Dr.
M. Ross Fishburn, a well known Con
gregational minister and for 15
years pastor of the. Mount Pleasant
Congregational church of Washing
ton, died today of typhoid fever. He
had held pastorates in Wisconsin.
STEWARD TESTIFIES AS TO WHAT
LIQUORS MRS. HOWARD GOULD DRANK
New York, June 15. Before the re
sumption of the Gould separation suit
I today a letter from Mrs. Charlotte
Nicoll Weston, sister of Delancey
imcoii, Howard uouiu s attorney, was
given out denying Mrs". Could had
given her a dress. Mrs. Weston said
she had never seen Mrs. Gould. When
the letter was shown to Mrs. Gould
"I did not give a gown to her per
sonally, but she wns one of the
actresses who rPCPtvTd'a- feox'of gowus
that I sent to the theater."
Telia of DrunkenncsM.
Maurice Malloy, superintendent of
the Castle Gould estate, was tho first
witness today. He was asked at what
time he had found Mrs. Gould und"r
the influence of liquor at Castle
Gould. Before he could renlv Attor-
ner Shearn counsel for Mrs. Gould.
interposed with a declaration tint
drunkenness, even if true, made
Gould's abandonment of his wife tho
Despite objections," however, the wit
ess was permitted to testify that Mrs.
Gould was under the influence of some
form of intoxicant on - one occasion
about the middle of July, 190(5, when
she sent for hi.n and excitedly reprov
ed him for. neglecting the adjustment
of come house furnishings properly.
f'nlled Iliiu Minnies.
There were further objections from
Shearn, but Malloy told qf other occa
sions when, in his opinion the was
under the influence of intoxicants. He
said she had applied to him such epith
alien" and "insolent puppy."
Referring to one of these occasions
DEMOCRATS MAY YET BE ABLE
TO FORCE INCOME TAX ADOPTION
(Special Correspondence of The Argus.)
Washington. June 12. A't hough in
the minority, the democratic niembefs
of the senate may be able to force the
iepublican leaders to incorporate m:
income tax provision in the tariff bill
against their will.
It isn't certain, but the prospects of
a successful combination between the
democrats and progressive repiblicp.i:;
to the end mentioned appear to be im
proving daily. But because of the
danger of Aldrich, at the desire ot
Wall street, buying up some of the in
surgents with promises of legislation
they may desire passed for the benefit
of their particular districts, tho prob
able success of the coalition will re
main debatable until the final vote is
taken on the income tax. Aldrich will
delay this vote to the last possible
Cannot Bury It.
It appears plain now that,. Aldric'a
does not have enough votes to have
the income tax amendment sent to the
committee for burial. And there is
some doubt whether he can defeat the
amendment on the floor of the senate.
If the senate should pass the amend
ment, it would probably remain in the
bill, because the house is overwhelm
ingly in favor of an income tax.
Senator Aldrich is worried. ' He of
fers to agree to a 2 per cent tax on
counsel asked Malloy: "Did you get
close enough to smell her breath?"
"No, I did not get any nearer than I
had to," said the witness.
Just What Mir Ilrank.
Alfred Richards, employed as stew
ard at Castle Gould, testified that on
several different occasions lie had
seen Mrs. Gould under the influence
of liquor. At one period he said she
remained in her room two weeks, and
witness served her wi h liquors morn
ing, -norm and night. The liquors were
delivered to her maid. In the morning
two cocktails were frequently served,
at luncheon light wines, later whisky
and soda, and iu the evening as a rule
two drinks of brandy. In the course
of two weeks the contents of seven
bottles of brandy in all were sent to
Mrs. Gould's room, witness testified,
New York, June l.r. The plain
tiff's case in the Kathrine Clemmons
Gould separation suit rested yester
day afternoon after the most im
portant testimony Mrs. Gould had to
offer had been introduced.
Upon a motion by counsel for the
defendant to-dismiss the complaint
Justice Dowling did dismiss it as to
the allegations of cruelty and non
support, but not as to the charge of
(Continued on Page Four.)
FALLS FAR IN A
Berwyn, N. Y., June 15. A local in
ventor dropped "..500 feet in a crinnled
( aeroplane here today. He was not ser-
the dividends of the corporations, pro-1
viiling such a provision would carry a
clause to the effect that it would be
come ineffective after two years.
Should it appear certain the com
bined progressives and democrats have
sufficient votes to win. many of the
regulars will vote for the income tax
that would not otherwise do so, fear
ing (he effect of sentiment.
It should not be understood that Aid
rich personally has given up the fight.
He has not.
KeriiHrfl in l.lnd-n It.
The one thing the "iron duke" re-
ruses to listen' to is an income tax. If
the latuer is provided fcr in the tariff
bill, it will have to be after he and
his forces have been given battle and
thoroughly licked. A victory for the
friends of the income tax would be
Aldrich's "Waterloo." He would never
be the same leader again; he could
never again wield the same powerful
influence in the making of national
legislation that he does now.
In a moment of anger, while fight
ing a vote on the income tax, the sen
ator iro.-n itnoae isiana in one sen
tence, revealed the real reason of hi3
hostility to such legislation. He said:
"I say to every friend of this meas
ure, sitting on either side of this
chamber, that if we adopt an income
tax which will levy on the people of
the United States $80,000,000,1 phall be
ready to join the senator from Texas,
CAUSED BY A FOG
Details of Slavonia Wreck Told
by Passengers Landed at
SAFE BEFORE HELP CAME
Ship's Own Hoats Transferred All
Hands to Island iuic Wns
Stemmed with I llculty. -
Gibraltar, June 15. JHieorUiJJer
man Lloyd steamer PrinaessTrenear-"
rived here yesterday afternoon, hav
ing on board the first class passengers
of the Cunard steamer Slavonia, which
ran ashore In the early morning of
June 10 on Flores island, one of the
Azores group. The Slavonia sailed
from New York on June 3, and met
fair weather until nearing the Azores,
when fog set in. ft was under a good
head of speed when It struck a rock
off Flores island. The water rushed
in, and in an incredibly short time
flooded the hold and reached the en-
Meernge Passengers In Panic
The passengers were awakened by
the shock and flocked out on the decks
It was then about half past 2 o'clock in
the morning. Those of the first and
second cabins behaved admirably, but
the steerage passengers showed a good
deal of excitement. The officers of the
ship did everything possible to re
assure the passengers, and the band
was set to playing popular airs.
Passenger Are Landed.
A call for help" was sent out by wire
less, which was responded to by the
Prinzess Irene, but long before its ar
rival on the scene the Slavonia's own
In revising the schedules. It would be
our Imperative, duty to revise them,
not in the interests of protection, but
for the opposite reason."
In Promptly Corrected.
"The senator means in the Interests
of the consumer," suggested Senator
Bacon of Georgia, correctly interpret
ing Mr. Aldrich to mean that if $80,-
000,000 of new revenue should be
raised by levying a tax of 3 per cent
on incomes in excess of $5,000, some
necessities would have to go on the
free list. In his brief remark Aldrich
made it perfectly plain that he is
against the income tax, not only be-
cpuse It will necessitate hia constitu
ents to pay a tax on their colossal
earnings, but because it will Interfere
with the high wall of protection and
prevent New England manufacturers
from enjoying the benefits of mono
polies on American markets.
Today England, France, Germany,
Holland, Austria, Denmark, Switzer
land, Australia, New Zealand and
Japan! all der!ve"substantlal revenues
from taxes on incomes, a system based
on the theory that those who get the
most benefits out of the resources of
the country should contribute a fair
share to its support.
In 190S the income tax in Great Brit-
ain was the greatest sinele source nf
J revenue, exceeding the excise imports
by-$l,500,00f and the customs receipts
by over $23,000,000. - -;
boats had landed the passengers. The
Prinzess Irene, which reached the Sla
vonia Thursday evening, embarked the
saloon passengers early the following
morning. They are unanimous in
praising the coolness and kindness
shown by the captain, the officers and
crew of the wrecked steamer. All of
the passengers, with the exception of
six, remained on the Prinzess Irene
and are proceeding to Naples.
DECLARE IT TRUST
Government Officials. Consider
ing Action Against Sugar
BUSY GETTING EVIDENCE
Attorney General Wickershani Takes
Charge and Intimates the
Case Is Plain.
Washington, June 15. Dissolution
of the American Sugar Refining com
pany for violation of the Sherman
anti-trust law may be asked in the
courts by the government. Attorney
General Wickersham yesterday took
active charge of all the information
which has been gathered by his subor
dinates tending to show that the
American company has monopolized
the refining business.
Wlckernhani Take Charge.
Attorney General Wickersham stat
ed that in advance of a careful exam
ination of all the papers in the case
it would be impossible for him to out
line what action the government will
take. He is giving the matter his per
sonal attention and promises that the
investigation will be most careful and
Should the evidence,, which is said
to bo most damaging and conclusive,
be found sufficient by Attorney Gen
eral Wickersham the government prob
ably will file a suit In equity asking a
dissolution of a big concern. Such
proceedings have been found, by the
government most effective In the pros-
e.cjuUoacfif alleged coahwatlo.Bj in i.
straint of trade.
A fleet Price of Stocks.
xew none, June i&. There was
an abrupt decline of $8 a share in
American Sugar Refining stock dur
ing the first hour of trading on the
stock exchange today. The drop was
attributed to the litigation of the
company recently and to fears of a
rigorous government inquiry into Its
affairs. The break affected practic
ally the entire list.
TO KILLTHE MAYOR
Bottle of Burning Kerosene Hurled
Into Home at Bellefontaine,
Bellefontaine, Ohio, June 15. What
is believed to have been an attempt to
assassinate Mayor William , R. Niven
and burn his residence was made early
today when a burning bottle filled with
kerosene was thrown through a large
plate glass window in his house.' The
curtains, carpet and furniture in the
room were set on fire, but the fire de
partment quickly responded and extin
guished the fire. The mayor was aflay
from home at the time. The mayor
was elected on a "dry" ticket two
years ago. He is a well known demo
YESTERDAY IN CONGRESS
Washington, June 15. Following is
a summary, compiled from the official
proceedings, of the work of both
houses of congress yesterday:
SESATE-SuRarwas the stlrrlne sub
jeci noiore the senate yesterday. It was
nrouR-nt to the front In connection with
me consideration or the flnan.-e com
tnittee's substitute for the house nrn
vision of the tariff bill retrulatinc the
admission of Philippine articles Into
me united States. Mr. Bristow critl
clsed the clause providine a dutv on
sugar admitted Into the Philippines
equal to I hat on sugar brought into the
Cnited States and exempting 300.000
tons of Philippnie Btigar from dutv
when brought into the i;nited States. It
was contended that the provisions were
inienoea to promote the Interests of the
American sugar trust and not to ben
eflt the Philippine producers. The sup
porters ot the provision argued that to
admit tucar Into the inlnmla fru
duty would be to open the way for Its
free admission Into this country. The
only vote taken during the day session
was on an amendment Dy Mr. Bristow
admitting sugar into the Philippines
free of duty. It. was lost. 11 to 49 The
senate at 6:30 p. m. took a recess until
8 o'clock, when the discussion of the
Philippine tarln: was resumed.
H015I4 After a session of 10 min
tites the houses adjourned until Thurs
day. upon motion of Representative
Murphy of 'Missouri a resolution was
passed, calling upon the secretary of
the Interior to forward the. reports of
Cyrus Bede,' an Indian inspector, on the
conduct In office of J. Blair Schoenfeldt.
Indian agent at Union Station, Indian
lermory, in i4. hollowing the In
vrsugaiion ny tiene, sscnoenreidt re-
Bignea. oui me reports were never
Widow of Former Presi
dent Repudiates, it
V on Stand.
SIGNATURE IS FALSE
Trial of Broughton Branden
burg for Grand Larceny
New York, June 15. With Mrs. :
Frances Folsom Cleveland, widow of
the late Grover Cleveland, galled as a
witness of Broughton Brandenburg.
the magazine writer, on the charge of
grand larceny, began in the supreme
court today. The charge grew out of
the sale of a newspaper article which
Brandenburg Is alleged to have dis
posed of to a newspaper on the repre
sentation that Cleveland was the
author. Mrs. Cleveland repudiated the
Not Ills Signature.
Mrs. Cleveland this afternoon on
the witness stand was shown the al
leged signature of Grover Cleveland
attached to the article said to have
been written by him and declared it
was a false signature.
LIONS DO BITE IN
Region Roosevelt Party Has Invaded
Scene of Fatal Wounding of
Nalvasha, East Africa, June 15. A
member of the party of F. C. Selous,
the noted African hunter, and George
McMillan, nephew of the late Senator
McMillan of Michigan, was brought In
here yesterday mortally wounded by
a lion. The man's name Is Williams.
and he is in the servfee of McMHlair&r
secretary. The encounter with the lion
occurred in the Sotlk district, for
which section the Roosevelt party left
10 days ago. Nothing has been beard
of the Roosevelt expedition since its
SLICE OF THE LOAN
Determination to Butt Into Asiatic
Affairs Manifested by Financial
Peking, June 15. Acting on repre
sentations made by Henry P. Fletcher,
charge d'affaires of the American lega
tion, China has agreed not to ratify the
foreign loan of $27,500,000 from Brlt-ish-Qerman-French
bankers for the
construction of the Hankow Sze-Chuen
railroad. It is expected this refusal.'
coupled with representations made by
American ambassadors In London,
Paris and Berlin, will result In arrange
ments being made in Europe for Amer
ican participation in the loan.
INDIAN COMMISSIONER OUT
Frances) E. Ivcnpp Resigns from Of
fice Because of llr Health.
Washington, June 15. The resigna
tion of Francis E. Leupp.s commis
sioner of Indian affairs was accepted
today by the president. Robert G. Val
entine, assistant commissioner, was
named to succeed him. Leupp retired
on account of ill health.
Naval Officer Dead.
New York, June 15. Captain Samuel
V. B. Diehl, commander of the receiv
ing ship Hancock, former judge advo
cate general of the navy, died today,
aged 57. He had been in poor health
F. A. IIEINZE IS
BY GRAND JURY
New York, June 15. The federal
grand jury today handed down in
dictments against F. Augustus
Hcinze, head of the United States
Copper company, and his brother,
Arthur P. Heinze and Sanford Rob
inson, the Heinze's counsel, charg
ing conspiracy and alleging an at
tempt to obstruct the administration
of Justice by spiriting away the books
of the United Copper, company" while
the company was under federal
scrutiny. : '