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THE AHGUS. FRIDAY, JUNE 18, 1909.
ANIMAL AND HUMAN DISEASE
Science is Turning to Wholesale Trevention Rather Than Cure of
Individual CasesShall Illinois Lead?
(Reported for1 the Illinois Farmers' In
stitute by Arthur J. Bill.)
The problems of animal health
have become more than ever import
ant now that science is turning its
attention very distinctly to the'
wholesale prevention of disease rath-1
er than to the cure of individual
cases, and that the great field of an
imal disease in relation to hmnun
disease is inviting the widest atten
tion. The infectious diseases are
the easiest of all to control when
. their secrets are unraveled. When
the problem is solved it is solved not
for an individual, but for thousands
of individuals. When the living
germ and its manner of distribution
are known, it is simply necessary to
Bhut up the disease, and to keep the
healthy individual away from it. 3t
Is a much more difficult and uncer
tain problem to restore a weakened
or defective body after disease has
secured a foothold. It is infinitely
cheaper to control an infectious dis
ease within narrow limits and let it
die out than to treat large numbers
of individual cases after they have
developed. A contribution of the
greatest value in combating the
great white plague aiifong men,
comes to us from investigations of
bovine tuberculosis, and certain feat
of it could come from no Mthcr
DrftnHr final l.lbrrnl OfTcr.
A number of wealthy men whose
business is at the Union stock yards,
Chicago, have shown their interest
in the control. ct animal disease by
offering to provide a aito 'and build
ing worth about $;'.50.000 for a vet
erinary school if the university.
would take charge of it and main
tain it as a school of the first rank
for both instruction and investiga
tion. It was thought that the teach
ing and laboratory work could be
fairly started for $60,000, but the
legislature provided only half that
amount two years ago, and thus fail
ed to meet the Chicago proposition.
tint hr Kent Plans.
To achieve its purpose such a
school' must be founded on the most
advanced lines, and to determine
what its policy and equipment should
be involved the study of the best
veterinary schools of both this coun
fry and Europe. The board of uni
I versify trustees was glad to get
President James to investigate the
veterinary schools of Europe, and
paid his way out of the $30,000 ap
propriation. He gave up his usual
vacation rest to-accomplish this work
and brought back valuable and def
inite knowledge of plans and results.
With these facts in hand the trus
tees believed it necessary and advis
able to ask t lie legislature for $t50,
000 to maintain such a school. This
was both to provide the money and
show acceptance in good faith of the
Chicago men's offer. If appropriated
the money could not be used for
y.'tMMMt Worth of Good 1'iiHh.
The Chicago men have proven
their good faith bya1ready giving
$50,000 for research work in animal
nntrition at the university and their
money has secured results of great
value, under Professcr II. S. Crind
lcy's management. ' Some of the best
work in the world in both animal and
human nutrition has been done in
this laboratory, as the writer has
seen in a recent examination of the
results. A small amount of the state
appropriation "for maintaining a vet
erinary school and research labora
tory" was also well used, in his work
Kmnomle Qarntlon of Million.
If our state finally rejects the Chi
cago money for the big end of found
ing this really needed branch of un
iversity work, it will mean a large
loss to the state. Wc will soon be
forced to take up this work, for we
cannot long ignore the science that
commends itself to the whole world
nor afford to turn loose all manner
of animal disease to secretly spread
at will in our flocks and herds. It
means the loss of literal millions in
live stock value aside from any re
lation to human disease.
AIRSHIP COAST GUARD.
FIRES A HOT SHOT
Speaker Joe Cannon of House
in After Dinner Speech
SAYS IT'S ALL PURE ROT
Declares Former President Roose
velt's Country Life Commission
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acidity of the blood, and this fluid thorefore continually grows more acrid
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and stiffens them by drying up the natural oils and fluids. Rheumatism can
never be cured until the blood is purified. S. S. S. thoroughly cleanses and
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Signal Corps to Make Plans for At
luntic Seaboard Defense.
The creation of a big fleet of war
balloons. with depots at strategic
points along the coasts of the United
States m which the acilal craft may
be housM between flights, is the task
set for, Major George O. fouler of the
signal corps, says a Washington dis
patch. Major Squier recently received
instructions to prepare plans for the
aerial defense f the Atlantic coast,
and he -set to work enthusiastically.
The plans when completed and ap
proved will serve as a model for the
Pacific and gulf coasts.
The war department is convinced,
in the lijjht of the achievement of the
Zepix'lin ballooii. that the, era of aerial
navigation has arrived. It hopes that
congress also will awake to a realiza
tion; of the fact and that appropria
tions will be made suflicieut to permit
this government to keep pace with the
European nations. It is in anticipa
tion of favorable action by congress
that the. signal corps has been in;
structed to prepare the plans.
"While Major Squier has not yet gone
into the techntralities of the matter,
he has a general Idea of tbe ma niter
in which the plau will be worked out.
The coast will be separated into
ellipses approximating 'JoO miles in
length, and at each end of these will
be built "two or three balloon houses
arid supply "depots. The houses will
be placed with a view to close co-operation
with the artillery debits or
zones, thus gaining protection and be
ing quickly reached whenever the men
behind the big guns discover the ne
cessity of roconnoiterlng the enemy's
position by the use of a balloon.
The balloon houses will be built in
groups, so that when it Is found expe
dient to concentrate two or three air
ships nt a given point there will be ac
coruuicdations for them. A dirigible is
safe while In the nlr and even if its
engine should become disabled can be
operated as a free balloon. It is in
landing or when at anchor In an ex
posed position that it is In danger
from winds, and houses are an abso
lute necessity. ,
It Is intended that a coast dirigible
shall not pass off its own station ex
cept In cases of extremity and that the
sailing distance shall be 12." miles
south and 125 miles north from its de
pot. In this manner the entire coast
from Maine to Florida will be patrol
led in war. and It will be practically
impossible for a hostile fleet to ap
proach the United States without be
ing discovered long before the senti
nels on land could see the vessels.
Once discovered the fleet's movements
could be watched with safety and Its
maneuvers be sent the length of the
The plans will include an elaborate
system of vertical searchlights, by
which the airships will be guided dur-
i ing night flights. These will mark the
j various batteries and the balloon de-
pots, and they also will be used In
signaling the swift flying ships over
head. ' The dirigibles that congress will be
asked to provide will be the equals of
the best war balloons now In use in
Europe. The envelopes will be not less
than 200 feet long, twice the length of
the United States dirigible No. 1. re
cently purchased by the wnr-department
from Captain Baldwin. Dirigible
No. 1, Major Squier explained, is mere
ly a practice ship and bears small re
semblance to the finished fliers that are
contemplated in the coast defense plan.
In order to support the dirigibles
and act as couriers between the va
rious depots and artillery stations it is
thought that the plan will call for a
small mobile fleet of aeroplanes. This
phase of the proposed measures has
not yet been taken up, although otU
cers of the signal corps believe that
the neroplane could be tised to advan
tage when quick flights were neces
sary for the carrying of orders or the
transportation of ofllcers. It would
be used practically altogether as an
auxiliary, riud its use would relieve
the dirigible of certain duties, permit
ting the balloon to give Its entire time
to patrol work.
' If congress can be prevailed upon
to look with favor on the signal corps'
proposal steps will be taken to chart
the air currents along the coast. It is
believed that the air currents are as
PLEASE YOU MORE
EVERY DAY YOU
Speaker Joseph G. Cannon In a re
cent after dinner speech before the
national city planning conference in
Washington dealt some hot shot to
one of former President Roosevelt's
pet commissions and other curiosities
of the uplift movement.
The speaker tcck the following falls
out of the uplift:
"Don't try to relieve conditions that
you don't uiulersiaml."
"This country life commission that
has Iteen trying to uplift the poor
farmer wilh theories! I'll take oath
that they don't know what they are
"What they have compiled is pyre
rot. The commission is a Hat failure."
4-Thc idle rich bear about the
rnme relation to the great mass of
the American people that the Ily on
the elephant's trunk bears to the elephant."
"The ieople who do the most harm
are those who give to what they call
charity either for notoriety or to bribe
"It Is well enough to plan for the
future of this country." said Mr. Can
non "this country which Is to have
r)UO.(M:iMMto inlinliftnnts iu the years
to come. There are a great many
thlrgs which can be done in pat 'n
for those years. iut no plans that ve
In this generation can map out- -vill
bo big enough or broad enough to meet
the coining needs.
"I bid godsp(cd to this plannm
that you are working for. but for
hea vol's sake don't follow the exam
pie of some a:id try to relieve condi
tions that you don't understand. I
have no patience with those theorists j
who are trying to relieve what they
ere pleased to call the agricultural
section of this country. There are
several excellent gentlemen on the
country life commission, bnt what they
have compiled Is pure rot. If what I
have read of It Is a fair sample. The
country life com in iw ion is a Hat fail
ure Itocause it has dealt with condi
tions that didn't require dealing with
by theorists and because its members
don't know what they are talking
Ilrnil f I.I to Kih.
"Open the sensational newspapers
and the magazines and you will read
all about the activities of the Idle rich,
their foolishnesses and their fads.
They are of no real consequence. They
bear about the same relation to the
great mass of the American people that
the fly on the elephaut's trunk bears
to the elephant, but they give the
excuse for demagogues, who live not
by the sweat of their faces, but by the
sweat of their tongues, to inveigh
against economic conditions existing
in this country. That is why they con
stitute a real evil. Once in awhile
when other methods of seeking noto
riety have failed they declare them
selves to be friends of the people and
proclaim themselves to be Socialists.
"I don't regret Immigration. I would
not be here If It wasn't for that. I'd
be scattered over the continent of Eu
rope. There'll be a little of me In the
Low Comities, a mite iu France, a por
tion lu Ireland, some more in England;
and Scotland. The great bulk of our
Immigrants live by the sweat of their
faces, and any one who does that Is
worthy to be given recognition In this
country of ours."
Mr. Cannon paid a high tribute of
respect and admiration to Mrs. V. G.
Shnkhovitch of New York, a settle
ment worker, whose work centers iu a
block in a New York city street In
which more than 1.XX) persons live.
Mrs. SImkhovltch spoke in a quiet but
effective manner of her labors tu this
congested district, where the work of
the settlement worker Is so often beset
with trials that demand forbearance
and endless patience.
The speaker found every reason to
believe that the world is growing bet
ter each day and deprecated the exist
ence of pessimists whose chief mission
is to flaunt discouragement before the
eyes of the public.
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BAR ASSOCIATION TO MEET
Hiram T. Gilbert Will Addros Ses
moi s:t IVori.t .June 21-1.
IVoria, ill., J.ine IS. Hiram T. Gil
bert of Chicago, author of the Gilbert
practice bill introduced in the last ses
sion of the legislature, will address the
Illinois Stale Kar asocial iyii, which
niccis here June 21 and "5, hio subject
being "The Administration of Justice
in Illinois." Other sneakers from Chi
cago will be Flojd R. Mecheni, John E. i All the
W. Waynian, J. A. Council, Amos C. AUG US.
Miller, Samuel Alschulcr. Millard R.
Powers and Thomas Dent.
The Illinois Association of County
ami Probate Judges will meet with the
news all the time THE
The very act of life, so far as I have
been able to observe, consist? in forti
tude and perseverance. Sir Walter
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