Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-EIGHTH YEAR. XO. 234.
THE ARGUS, MONDAY. JULY 19, 1909.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
STRIKERS AND TROOPS IN
BATTLE IN CITY STREETS
BONDS OF UNITED STATES
INVADING THE HIGHER WORLD
LOSE IN VALUE: PROBLEM
" Riot Near the Gates
Butler, Pa., Steel
SOLDIERS OPEN FIRE
Woman Among the Injured
Priest Makes Plea for Peace
Butler, Pa., July 19. Iu a riot Sun
day afternoon near the Kates of the
Standard Steel Car company, where
the employes have struck, one mau
was perhaps fatally shot, five others
were injured and 13 arrests were made.
The strike situation at the plant of
the car company became critical yes
terday, following the attempt of 500
strikers to tear down the company's
high board fence at the Bessemer &
Lake Erie railroad switch. Sheriff
John C. Caldwell telegraphed Superin
tendent J. C. Groome of the state con-
stabulary at Harrisburg asking that
40 men be sent at once. Superintend
ent Grooine ordered Troop D of Tux;
sutawuey to leave for Butler in a spe
Iu command of Captain Leon Pitcher
the troopers arrived at 3 p. m. and pro
ceeded to the entrance of the big plant
on Tierce avenue, where 2,000 strik
ers had assembled The aDnearance of
yells of defiance and the strikers re
fused to obey the order to disperse.
The troopers cleared the street for a!
. r " . i - . 1
quarter 01 a imie uy riuuig lino luo (
Iu HcHtllDPSH for Hn((l-.
The strikers retreated to the side
walk, to alleys, .between store build
ings aud onto the hillside on property
owned by the car company. Captain
Pitcher's command that they go to
1 hPif-honMfs-was-- met- by -a volley f
shots. Beer bottles and pieces of .
boards were hurled from windows.
AVhen the first hot rang out the
troopers were ordered to charge. The
horses were guided straight into the
masses of humanity and the riders
used their clubs right aud left, firing
shots into the crowd to scare the
strikers. In the charge upon the men
in front of frame buildings opposite
the car works gates the troopers forced
them into the stores, and the glass in
two store fronts was shattered. Mrs.
Paganelli was caught in the jam and
'. fell on a mass of broken glass.
One foreigner leveled a revolver at
a trooper, who struck him with a club
and fired. The bullet went wild. An
other striker seized it and attempted
to shoot. He was run down by a
trooper. While Trooper Hess was
clearing the sidewalk a striker threw
" a plank from a second story window
and struck him on the arm. Captain
Pitcher gave an order to clear the
buildings in the vicinity of the dis
turbance, and the store rooms and liv
ing quarters were raided.
I'lea From ITIont.
Fifteen men were caught and taken
into the car works enclosure, where
they were searched. All had revolvers.
The prisoners were hurried to the coun
ty jail by deputy sheriffs.
Father Bccavaca went to the car
works gates, where the troopers, dep
uty sheriffs and over 1.0CO persons
had assembled, and gave an address.
"These men do not want blood; ttiey
want bread," said the priest.
Addressing Sheriff John 11. Caldwell,
the priest said the presence of state
troopers was uncalled for and only
tended Jo incite the strikers to vio
' "If you will take these troopers away,
f I will guarantee that there will be no
violence," said Father Becavaca.
At midnight order was restored, but
another outbreak is expected at any
Pittsburg, July" 19. Without the
NOSE, LOST IN A
IN HIS POCKET
Gallipolis, Ohio! July 19. In a des
perate fight yesterday at Kanauga, W.
Va.,- Albert Tbiveneer cut Robert
Dames throat from ear to ear and
then disemboweled him. Darnes will
die.' Darnes had. bitten off Thiveneer's
Jose. After searching for some time
Thiveneer found his nose lying in the
dirt. He put it la his pocket and car
ried it four miles to a physician to
have it fiewcd hack on.
slightest display r violence of any
I . . ,.r a... . .......
bori oil me part animus, eiu-
Ployes, the -plant of the Pressed Steei
I Pnr frmnntw i.tiallv rpsnmpfl (mor.
. vviujiuuj i - -- .. " 1'
ations today with about 500 men.
Those put to work are reported to be
Americans who walked out with the
f irilti,... I. .-. , t' V i Hill"' u-na miint
ly today at Butler, where serious riot-
( t n ... i , . w t ir1av
Argus Stuff Correspondent
to Investigate the Tariff
Conditions in Europe
The republican party promised to re
vise the tariff on the basis of equaliza
tion of lahor cost here and abroad.
Has that promise been fulfilled?
In order that this question may bs
answered by facts, and that readers of
The Argus may have the benefit of the
investigations of an experienced writer
on the tariff, The Argus has joined
with several others in engaging the
services cf Clyde H. Tavenner, the
well known Washington newspaper
correspondent of this paper who
writes under the familiar name of Tav.
Mr. Tavenner is now writing articles
on the tariff in Washington. He will
proceed to Europe and let us know
the facts regarding the cost of produc
tion here and abroad. With the public
mind incensed by the farcical revision
that has just occurred at Washington
which has been followed step by
step by Tavenner his articles from
Europe will be timely and of great ed
Tavenner's work in Washington has
been commended by men like Champ
Clark, leader of' the house minority;
United States Senator Gore of Okla
homa, who is admittedly one of the
leaders r-f the upper house; Senator
Robert M. LaFollette of Wisconsin,
leader of the progressives, and the
Hon. James T. Lloyd of Missouri,
chairman of the democratic national
congressional committee, who will 'je
in charge of the congressional cam
paigns next year.
Senator Robert L. Owen of Okla
home; Representative Henry T. Rainey
of Illinois; Senator A. J. McLaurin of
Mississippi an1 Senator F. G. New-
lands, of-Nevada are others that have
endorsed his articles.
BLOODY WAIST IN
MRS. SAYLER'S ROOM
Si'iisalioiiul Evidence Is round in
I lie d escent ity Trag
edy. Watseka, II.. Julj 19. The par
tial contents of a sealed packet left
by J. IS. Saylcr, the murdered bank
er, have been made public by a per
son who saw what it contained. It
appears the only thing in the packet
which hears directly on the tragedy
is an intercepted leter from Dr. iUii
ler to Mrs. Sayler. It is said the
letter was written in endearing
terms and convinced Sayler his wife
was intimate with Miller. Sayler's
will, about which there has been so
mini, speculation, also is in the
packet. The will was drawn some
time ago and left a substantial sum
to Mrs. Sayler and her daughter.
However, this will canot be probated
as it is only signed by one person.
The laws of Illinois require it to be
witnessed by two persons.'
The most sensational evidence is
a shirtwaist belonging to Mrs. Say
ler whirh was found in her bedroom.
It is said to have; been concealed un
der a carpet. The shirtwaist con
tained marks from a bloody watch
chain and the prosecution claims
Mrs. Sayler sat on her husband's
chest during his dying moments. As
soon as she saw blood she hid the
JURY HAS G1NGLES CASE
losing Argument Is Made Today by
Chicago, July 19. After Assistant
State's Attorney Short delivered the
final argument against Ella Gingles
today in the case wherein the lace
maker is charged with larceny of
lace, but in which the real issue is
whether an attempt was made to
drive her into "white slavery," the
case was given to the jury.
Acted in Self-Defense.
Cle veland, July 19., James G-Purvis
of Detroit, the nonunion marine
cuginccr who killed 'two strikers and
injured another and barely escaped
with his life at the hands of strike
sympathizers who attempted to lynch
hhu Saturday, was discharged today.
The officials found that Purvis had
.acted self-defensfc only.
Farmer Ends Life.
Pana, 111., July 19. Despondent over
. illness, Samuel Carpenter, a farmer,
, committed suicide by hanging himself
to a rafter In a barn Sunday, tie
K-avefi a fat-;:!y. ,
The Bird Darn these air joy
RAILWAYS AND WATERWAYS MUST
COOPERATE: COMMISSIONER SMITH
This Is the Conclusion Reached in the Second Instalment of
His Discussion of the Subject of "Transporta
tion by Water."
Washington. July 10. Cooperation
between railways and waterways
seems absolutely necessary to insure
n reasonable and "efficient use -of the
inland water courses of this country.
This conclusion is reached in the re
port of Herbert Knox Smith, commis
sioner of corporations, in part II. of his
discussion of the subject of "Transpor
tation by Water," which his bureau
has been investigating for many
months. The second part of the re
port was transmitted to President
Taft today. It deals with traffic by
water, and portions of it are particu-.
larly suggestive and significant.
It is pointed out by Commissioner
Smith that "it is a public evil that the
entire transportation system of the
United States should be, as now, at
odds with itself through destructive
competition, while the transportation
needs of the public suffer."
"Traffic in itself," the report con
tinues, "is a necessity for the devel
opment of a waterway. State and fed
eral work must be supplemented by
private initiative, especially in termin
als and "equipment, and private initia
tive will come in only when there is
reasonable chance of enough traffic to
make it profitable. One of the great
questions, therefore, is the question of
how to secure for the inland rivers and
canals a reasonable share of the coun
In the body of the report Commis
sioner Smith points out the predom
inance of bulk traffic by water, and
the reasons therefor.' Then he out
lines the practical results to be ol
tained from a thorough system of
Three threat Ihnjoi..
The entire transportation system of
the country is divided into three, great 1
- (2) Deep water; that is, coastwise
and great lakes.
(3) Rivers and canals.
An enormous increase has been
shown in the rail traffic. There also
has been an increase in the coastwise
traffic. On the other hand, the river,
and canal traffic shows a marked de
crease. Discussing this situation, Com
missioner Smith in his report says:
"The great mass of the coast and
great lakes traffic is bulk. The enor
mous development of the great lales
business is largely due to the vast ore
and grain trade moving eastward and
the coal trade moving westward.
About 45,000.000 tons of ore were trans
ported in 1907 eastward, and about
17,000,000 tons of coal were moved
westward iu 190G. These great freights,
being all bulk and of uniform charac
ter, received aud delivered at a few
central ports, have produced there a
very highly organized system of trans
portation and terminals, and conse
quent low transportation cost.
"The river and canal system, on
the other hand, has been losing stead
ily. The New York canals and the
MiSSissinni river evstom illi.s.rnle th!
!Up to isr,n the traffic on the New York
canals was more than twice that of the
riders! It is certainly danger
railroads crossing New York state. It
is now less than 3 per cent of that
total. The situation on the Mississippi
is illustrated in the trlfli history of
St. Louis. River shipments there in
1S90 were over 000,000 tons; in 1900,
S9.00O. Rail shipments, on the other
hand, increased from 5.000.000 tons in
1S90 to 17.0CO,0('0 tons in 1900.
"The coal traffic dowu stream from
the vicinity of Pittsburg, over 5(1 per
cent of Ihe entire vessel traffic on the
Mississippi system, is the one striking
exception to the general decline on
that system. Its success is due to the
great deposits of coal practically on
the banks, and a corresponding de
mand for it along the river. But even
this traffic is practically confined to
the hanks of the rivers, and goes not
far inland nor along the gulf coast
for any considerable distance.
"The situation of water transporta
tion in the Mississippi valley is sig
nificant and serious. It shows best
both the limitations and the possibili
ties involved in the present waterway
problem. There is no lack of freight
in that valley, and there has been at
times extreme Iraffic congestion there,
and yet the river is getting only an, in
significant and decreasing share of
that, traffic. It is true that physical
conditions, such as extreme changes
in water level and enormous deposits
of sediment, affect transportation ser
iously. But probably more serious is
the competition of the parallel rail
roads. The situation there justifies
the general conclusion of the report
that rail competition is one of the
most important factors in water traf
fic." TARIFF BILL READY
'AH Working Harmoniously Toward
an Early Conclusion" Sena
tor's Wife HI.
Washington, July 19. Senator
Cullom, who is one of (he conferees on
the tariff bill, was called away today
to attend his wife, who is very ill
with an affection of the heart at At
"There is realy very little left to
do," said the senator as he left the
conference rooms, 'and, as matters
now look, there is no reason in the
world why we should not get
through with the bill by Thursday
or Friday. All members of the con
ference are hopeful as to the out
look and all are working harmonious
ly towards an early conclusion." .
Before leaving, Cullom left in
struc'Jons with Aldrich to cast his
vote in favor of free hides, for sen
ate duty on gloves and hosiery, for
free coal, or. for a reciprocity ar
rangement for the senate provision
for'countervaling duty on petroleum.
At its forenoon session today, the
conference committee on the tariff
bill agreed to accept the senate's
I corporal ion tax..
cv lor a fellow to veutr.it clI.
AIRSHIP IN WATER
Herbert Latham, French Avi
ator, Fails in Flight at
COVERS SIXTEEN MILES
Toi'iH'do lloat Destroyer Rescues Pi
lot and Machine Reaches
Calais, July 19. Herbert Latham,
the French aviator, after waiting for
over a week for a favorable opportun
ity to attempt a flight at crossing the
channel from Calais to Dover, made a
start this nicruing, but after covering
about miles, while at a great height,
his motor failed, laud the machine fell
into the water. The French torpedo
destroyer Harpon, which was close at
hand when the accident occurred, res
cued both Latham and the monoplane.
Latham's start was made from the
top of a cliff at Sangatte, and under
propitious circumstances. The sky was
overcast, but the wind was hardly per
ceptible. While the monoplane was
being taken from its shed and pushed
to the top of the cliff a crowd of sev
eral thousand persons assembled to
witness the start. The entire popula
tion of the neighboring villages liued
the shores below. Latham was in high
spirits and showed not the slightest
nervousness. When all was ready the
monoplane was pushed back 200 yards
from the crest of the cliff, which has a
precipitous fall of 200 feet to the sea.
After giving an order to his assistant
to start the motors, Latham threw the
starting lever, and the machine ran
along the ground, obtaining increased
momentum at every turn.
liapprar From View.
Just before reaching the edge of the
cliff the aeronaut touched the horizon
tal lever, and the machine with its
while outstretched wings, rose grace
fully, und sailed out ovV the watchers
It gradually ascended to a height of
about 00 feet, and then, straight as
an arrow, it continued its flight to
wards the English coast at a rate of
33 miles per hour. In 13 minutes it
had disappeared from view.
TWO LOSE LIVES IN LAKE
Jinny Thrilling Rescues Along the
Chicago, July 19. Two persons
were drowned In Lake Michigan in
Chicago and vicinity yesterday and
many times that number, whose lives
were in danger on the boisterous
waters, were rescued.
The day was declared one of th;
most dangerous of the 'sumipcr for
boating and bathing, for a strong
north wind piled up the, waves to a
height that threatened to swamp all
email 'pleasure craft and mane swim
ming a feat for Jhe hardiest.
One victim-wai a swimmer and
the other a boy fisherman at Zion
City. Rescues were reported from
all points along the lake shore, and
the Zion City boy was lost only be
cause of the failure of a signally he
roic attempt to save him. This at
tempt would have succeeded had not
a second accident endangered the
lives of those going to his aid. The
Leon Murray, 20 years old; Zion
City. ; - .
C. W. Smith, 33 years old;:, seed
salesman; 5110 East End avenue.
Cincinnati, Ohio, July 19. A re
port has reached here that at least
four persons were drowned in the
overturning of a launch at Coal
Haven, above For Thomas, Ky.. last
night. Several persons are reported
FIERY CYCLE KILLS
Motor on Machine Explodes
at Berlin Race Eleven
HISSES THROUGH THRONG
Panic and Fire Follow, People Fight
us Beasts Forty Arc In
jured. Berlin, July 19. At least 11 per
sons were killed, between 30 and 40
seriously injured and others hurt
when a motorcycle exploded during
race at the old Botanic gardens
yesterday. Hospital physicians say
several of the injured are in a hope
The bicycle, which was the pace
maker, after the blowup instantly
became all in flames. It plunged
like a streak of lightning into a mass
of closely-packed onlookers, jumping
the barrier that separated the track
and the crowd with the speed of a
Wumnn Pillar of Finnic.
The accident happened so quickly
that none, not even the rider of the
machine was aware of it until whole
sale injury had been done. A wo
man was the first victim. She was
hit by the hissing rocket as it leaped
through the air, knocked down, and
her dress set afire. She arose, a pil
lar of flame, and, half demented,
fought fiercely through the throng,
igniting the gowns of other women
as she struggled among them, shriek
ing with pain.
The accident came during the sec
ond event in which well known cyc
lists, including Stellbrink.-rJontenetr
Ryser and Stol were cohipeting. It
was Ryser's machine that blew up.
After a few laps had been ridden a
tire of his. bicycle burst and Ryser
lost control. The benzine exploded
immediately and in a second the
cycle was ablaze.
Torch Flrra t-ruutl Mnml.
Ryser was hurled from the ma
chine into his competitors and he
and several of them were Injured,
while his mount took the fence. So
terrific was its speed that it crashed
on through the crowd beside the
track and into the stand, where an
other throng was seated.
Spectators were pitched right and
left as the cycle sped on i,ts wings
of death. Two women were killed at
once and their bodies, saturated with
the flaming benzine, were burned to
The hurtling torch, not content
with igniting' the inflammable dress
es of the women, set fire to the grand
stand, ihe flames flashed about the
occupants, the clothing of many of
whom already was ablaze. Panic
ensued. Men, women and children
fought like beasts, vainly trying to
get away from the danger which had
come unou them like a bolt from a
llrat ami Kirk Bach Otbrr .
After nearly half a hundred had
been beaten, trampled, kicked and
cuffed by their terrified companions,
cool headij managed to gain control
and calm followed chaos.
The track where the disaster hap
pened was opened a week ago yes
terday. It originally was coated
with a preparation of tar. This was
found to be unsatisfactory and ben
zine was applied to remove what was
left of , the preparation. The acci
dent was due primarily to the mi
chine skidding on a slippery place.
TRAIN WRECKED; ONE DEAD
Passenger Going 10 Miles au Hour
When -Leaves Track.
Toledo, Ohio, July 19. Theodore
Gullow, Monroevillc, Ohio, was kill
ed and five men were injured in a
wreck of the Wheeling and Like
Erie passenger train at Trowbridge.
16 miles east of here last night. The
train jumped the track within 40 rods
of . the station while going 40 miles
an hour on a straight track. '
Saloon Keeper Assassinated.
Tampa, Fla., July 19. -Alfredo Alva
rez, proprietor of a West Tampa sa
loon, was assassinated early Sunday
morning, as he was entering the gate
of his home, by an unknown person,
who made his escape. .Near by was
found, a single-barreled shotgun mark
ed II. V. K.
Constantinople. July 19. Thirteen
persons who - were concerned In the
1 recent revolution were nangen nere
I today. - ' , f
Market Price of Out
HAY AFFECT CREDIT
Question of Making Proposed
Issue of Panamas Attractive'
Washington, July 19. JJow to pro-i
tect serious depreciation of outstand
ing United Slates bonds is. an intri cate
problem which confronts' con
gress in connection with the authoriza
tion of the new issue, and it Is thought
its solution can only., be" effected
through some equitable adjustment of
tax on circulation.
According to present plans, the sec
retary of the treasury will be author
ized to issue from time to time addi
tional Panama canal bonds up to $290,
509,000, bearing not to exceed 3 per
cent interest. . .
Four-Fifths National Ttoht.
The government's interest bearing
debt at this time aggregates approxi
mately $913,000,000, of which nearly
$731,000,000 is iu 2 per cent bonds. Of
this total, national banks have on de
posit in the treasury surety for circu
lation of about $030,000,000. Four
fifths of the entire national debt, there
fore, is in these two classes of 2 per
cent bonds. Under, existing laws, na-
tional bank notes, when secured by 2
per cent bonds, are subject to a tax
of jt of 1 per cent per annum.
Depreciation of 918,000,600.
While circulation based on bonds
bearing higher rate of interest pays a
tar of 1 per cent, it has been estimated
that at the- present market-pricc-Md
both 2 per cent consols and Panamas,
there has already been on the whole
amount outstanding a depreciation
from the price which the government
sold them to the public of about $18,
000,000, and it is believed in some
quarters that to issue any considerable
portion of these which it is proposed
to authorize, with the circulation priv
ileges now materially inferior to those
accorded 2's, probably would result in
further depreciation of the latter, which
might reach a point even below par,
thus impairing the public credit. ;
Make Immop Attractive.
The question, therefore, before con
gress is how not to discredit 2 and 3
per cent bonds now up .for circulation,
and at the same time make the pro
posed issue of 3 per cent attractive to
Investors. A number of suggestions of
possible solution of the problem are,
known to be under consideration.
EVELYN STOLEN AT
POINT OF PISTOL?
Declares Tliaw Forced Her to Leave
White, Whom She
New York, July 19. Evelyn Thaw.
iu an interview has made disclos
ures concerning her life with Thaw
and couceruiug the events leading
up to the murder of Stanford White
which are almost as. strange and.
startling as anything she told in that
remarkable story of hers on the wit
She says that for three years she.
tried to prevent the murder of White
whom she dearly loved; that Thaw
stolo her from Whito with a revolver
that Thaw is absolutely stingy, and
finally that she. loves a man whom.
she may marry and with him raise
GOVERNORS ASIC "
TAFT TO LIRE
A trip o;ii
AVahiugtou, July 19. Letters from 25
governors of state's in the middle west
and south, urging. President Taft.' to
make a trip of inspection, down the,
Mississippi when he goes to attend tBe,
annual convention of the Lakes-to-the.
Gulf .- Deep Waterway, association . at
New Orleans in November, were pre-.
Bentcd today. The president toId his.
callers ho would be pleased, to make,
the inspection If it could be arranged
in connection with his trip souths .....