Newspaper Page Text
(THE aUGTTS, WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 4, 1909.
THE FARMER AND HIS SCHOOL
'Their Problems Are One, Sa&s Miss Carney
Miss Mable Carney, country training
school teacher of the Macomb normal
school, has a right, to picture the farm
er's problem and the country teacher's
relation to. It, because she has most
strikingly demonstrated what "social
ization of the farmers" means in n
leal rural school of that county. Sh
knows her ideas are workable because
sh has worked them, and her work
and ideas command the attention and
respect of the teachers and farmers
who know them. - Here is tke gist i.f
what she said as president of the
Country Teachers association of Illi
nois at its Macomb meeting July TZ
and 23: .
The farm problem is not the prob
lem of increasing the fertility of the
soil, of improving the quality of corn,
or of conserving our foods, forests, or
other natural resources. It is not. the
problem of " increasing the skill and
business efficiency of the modern i&r
mer or of adding to his store of wealth.
Neither is it the problem of making
rural life easy and comfortable. A!!
these are parts of the real issue, but
they are not the problem itself.
What the I'rublriu In.
The farm problem in its most fund-t-'
mental aspects, is the problem of main
taining upon our farms a class of peo
ple who shall be the equal of any peo
ple in American national life.
The problems of the city are due o
congestion, those of the country to
isolation. During the winter or early
spring months bad roads alone make
hermits of many families.
The snow bound days pictured by
Whittier in his charming idyl are no
longer frequent occurrences but less
poetic mud-stuck days are still an ex
isting reality. Physical isolation and
the economic independence of the farm
are the fundamental causes of sociil
Its effects are the well known con
servatism of the farmer, the occasional
startling departures of an intense rad
icalism and his (much exaggerated)
I.ni-k of OrjcnnlxiHlon and l.entlrm.
A fourth and most far reaching re-
boring- community,. The comfortable,
convenient building he re:neiubers is
now aged and. dilapidated: while tho
troon of heartv hova and girls his
Imagination, sees have turned cityward
in search of a more extended course
than the old system can maintain, and
suit is the lack of organization among l't but- a- handful of unfortunate
farmers with the accompanying lack stragglers. The old country school of
r.f iof.,i.-c o.w.!..i education in th the past has gone never to , return.
conntrv . "nicked mf and progress '.s Her and there are exceptional com-
c'evelonuieiit, rather thin munmes wnere tne highest possiDie
wful and steady emciency or tne system is suit real
Three Iarnrable DefeetN.' .
But under the most favorable condi
tions three incurable defects remain:
1. With six to eight grades and four
The effects of physical and soci.il
Isolation, unheeded and . stoically en
dured;' rattier than intelligently con
trolled, have resiilifl 1,1 conditions
TLemdldl Sale org
making farm life unattractive and un- recitations to eacu, one leucut-r
dosirahia lies life cause , f 1 cannot possibly . do the work well.
the silent but steady migration from
the farm to the !''- This brings us
face to face with the question of mak
ing the farm "fit to sfay upon" and
reveals the true faun problem.
Only by H-lallatloB.
The permanent solution of this prob
lem can be brought about only through
the socialization of the farmers im
piessing upon th"i their responsibili
ties as individuals in the community
and members of the- national social or
der, and the vain- of co-operation in
gaining common ends. This process is
a matter of education and can be at
tained only through the influence cf
the home, the church, the farm organi
zations now represented- chiefly by the
grange and Farmers' Institute, the "ag
ricultural ami general press and the
country school. The shortest cut to
the solution "f the farm problem is
through the upbuilding of. these four
agencies ami anove an, through the
improvement of the school.
There was a time when the country
school wa.s in the center of neighbor
hood life; when spelling bees, literary
societies, singing schools and debating
societies made it the life of the com
munity, but that time has gone-by; the
ungraded system belongs to the past
What the nnobserving, unthinking
farmer of today recalls as the country
school of his boyhood no longer exists.
The wide-awake, muscular, scholarly
young man he remembers as the usual
teacher. h;i.s long ago attained his d
sired ambition in the law or the min
istry and been replaced by an inex
perienced and untrained slip of a girl
from some city high school or neigh-
Bargain Days Like These 4
Won't Soon Come Again
You'd better think twice when you 'read over these items, it
means dollars in your pocketbook. One-fourth to
Small enrollment. Children lose in
terest, dawdle and often drop out of
school through the simple lack of com
panionable associates. ''
3. The fact that the system provides
no high school course, is perhaps its
worst feature. The town high school's
interests, courses and tendencies are
naturally so arranged as to lead the
country child directly away from the
farm. Ve shall never solve the far.n
problem as long as the most energetic
aim ambitious leaders of rural life are
being forced Into the cities to provide
educational advantages for their child
It is evMent, then, that the farmer'.!
problem and the country school prob
lem are one and that the otly direct
attack in its solution is to make the
school system efficient.
The Putaain People Did It. -
In Putman 'county the people of
Magnolia township have found its
right solution. Here one public spir
ited old man donated 24 acres of beau
tiful wooded land for a school site. Thj
people then combined three districts
into one, and built a modern sanitary
?16,0oi) building with four good school
rooms, a library, two laboratories,
rooms for manual training and domes
tic science, an assembly hall and water
and lighting systems. The children
are transported in hacks.
Four teachers are employed, offering
a course of study the equal of any,
particularly adapted to rural life and
including a four year high school
course. This school serves the whoie
community; it is the social center for
the people of the district. In it they
hold their lecture courses, musical en
tertainments ana social tuncuons. me
children have their literary societies,
clubs and musical and athletic organi
zations. A six acre university experi
ment plot on the campus gives it -i-rect
connection with the state college
What has been accomplished here
might be attained in any other com
munity of Illinois if farmers generally
realized the possibilities of country
life and appreciated the full worth of
No one person or group of persons
can control the rural situation as em
phatically as the country teacher if
she appreciates her advantage and but
knows how to attack her problem.
She Mnut Accept the Coadltliiaa.
Her problem is that of acceptin:
conditions as they new exist, physi
cally, educationally and socially, and
of converting the country school from
decaying, inactive thing into a living
vital force for rural progress. The
point to be emphasized is that she
should become a leader. We need a
federation of forces for rural progress.
but the rural school is the chief point
of attack in awakening a more appre
ciative understanding of the true
beauty and richness of farm life.'
In a very short time we will occupy our new KomerCorner
Second and Brady Streets now occupied by Tne St. Onge Store.
There are great quantities or Spring anL Summer wear
ables that we must sell at once to avoid carrying them with us
to the new store. Prices have been reduced one-forth, one
third, one-half and a great many instances even greater reduc
tions have been made.
We suggest, you take a trip through our store and see the
truly remarkable values this removal sale oilers.
Tie "Bee Hike -
114-116 W. 2nd St. - - - Dabenport, Idlva
After September lit Corner Second and Brady Street. -
. Ill : T
Chicago, Aug. 4. Following, are the
quotations on the market today:
September. 102i6. 102. 100, 101.
December, 100. 100V, 998, 100 "4.
May. 103. 103. 102V&. 103.
oc-ln-HUt- , Ut7H, Ui'S. 7H.
December. 53'A. 53'i. 51. 52.
May, 53. 54, 52. 53.
September, 36, 36, 35, 36V6.
December, 37. 37, 36Vi. 36.
May. 39. 39. SS'i. 39.
September. 20.33, 20.40, 20.35, 20.37.
January. 10.45. 16.45, 16.20, 16.27.
Laid. . .
September. 11.20. 11.23. 11.20. 11.25.
October, 11.17. 11.22. 11.17, 11.20.
January, 9.72. 9.77, 9.72," 9.72.
September, 10.90.' 10.95. 10.87. 10.93.
October, 10.62. 10.62 10.55. 10.62.
January. 8.67, 8.73, 8.C7. 8.67.
OFF on Everything.
All Linen Skirts, one-half off.
AIT Summer Skirts, one-half off.
Wall Paper, one -half off.
Jewelry, one-third off.
Hand Painted China ,Cut Glass and Lamps, one-third off.
Women's Waists, one -fourth off.
Women's Neckwear, one-fourth off.
Laces and Embroideries, one-fourth off.
Trimmings and Veilings, one-fourth off.
WE NEED MONEY NOW!
Young & McCombs
"Money Raising; Sale a
o A LASTING CURE
- Not only its proven ability to cure, but its absolute safety as a remedy,
has made 8. S. S. the most extensively used of all medicines in the treat
ment of Contagious Blood Poison.. Unlike the strong mineral mixtures,
which temporarily remove the outward symptoms and shut the disease up
in the system, there to carry on its destructive work on the delicate and,
vital organs, S. S. S. strikes directly at the root, and by purifying the blood
of every trace of the virus, completely and permanently cures the trouble.
S. S. S. is Nature's blood purifier, harmless in its action and certain in its
good results. It is made from a combination of roots and herbs, each of
which has a definite and specific action in purifying the blood. Years were
spent in selecting and proportioning the different ingredients, but when
S. S. S. was perfected it soon demonstrated its superiority over all other
blood medicines, and now, after 40 years, it is still the one and only certain
cure for Contagious Blood Poison. While driving out the poison from the
circulation S. S. S. builds up and strengthens the system by its fine vegetable
tonic effects. If you are suffering with Contagious Blood Poison S. S. S. is
your most certain reliance, and because of its freedom from mercury,
potash or any other mineral, it is absolutely safe for every one. Home
treatment book with valuable suggestions and any medical advice sent free
to all who write. THE SWIFT SPECIFIC CO., ATLANTA, GA,
ivnnsyivama t 011 vent 1011 Uoos on
Record in Favor of the Income
Harrisburg, Pa., Aug. 4 The plat
form adopted by the democratic state
convention here today declares for
freedom of pre'ss, conscience and
speech and equality before the law
of all citizens. It calls for the en
forcenient of the anti-trust laws and
condemns the pending tariff law, de
claring its provisions are in direct
violation of the promises of the re
publican party and its platform and
framed for the benefit of special in
terests and against those who pur
chase the necessaries of life. An in
come tax is favored and the proposed
constitutional amendment authoriz
ing congress to levy such a tax is
The following were nominated
Associate Justice of the Supreme
Court C. Larue Munson.
State Treasurer George W. Kipp.
Auditor General J. Wood Clark.
Receipts today -Wheat 349, corn
140. oats 126. h6gs 15,000 cattle
14.000, sheep 12.000. -;
Estimated receipts' Thursday-
Wheat 241. 'corn 128. oats 141. hogs
Hog market opened 5c higher.
Hogs left over 5,100. Light 7.35
'.85, mixed and butchers 7.23 7.95,
good heavy 7.15 (f? 7.93, rough heavy
Cattle market opened strong.
Sheep market opened steady.
Omaha Hogs 5.000,. cattle 2,300.
Kansas City Hogs 6,000. cattle
7.000. . ,
Hog market closed strong at early
pneesi Light 7.3 1 7.90. mixed and
butchers 7.30(5)7.95, good heavy 7.20
tfi 8.00, rough heavy 7.20 7.40.
Cattle market closed strong.
Sheep market closed steady.
North western receipts M inneapo
lis, today 149. last week 80, last
year 79. Duluth, today 18, last week
95. last year 33.
Liverpool opening cables Wheat
to 1 d. lower, corn unchanged.
liverpool closing Wheat higher
lo lower, corn lower.
New York Stocks.
New York. Aug. 4. Following are
the quotations on the stock market
uas ..... ..... no's
Union Pacific 202
U. S. Steel preferred 129
U. S. Steel common t 75
Rock Island preferred 76
Rock Island common 38
Southern Pacific, 135
New York Central 141
Missouri Pacific ..... 75V&
Great Northern 153
Northern Pacific J55i
L. & N. ..... 146
C. F. I. ..... v..... '. 47'
Canadian Pacific 187Vi'
Illinois Central 156
Penna. .... 141M:
Erie ... ..- ...... 38
Lead . 89
C. & O. 78
It T 80
B. & O. x 119y.
St. Paul ... 159
Copper '. 85
Republic Steel preferred ... 107
Republic Steel common S6
Southern Ry 32
BOUND FOR niCHIQAN
SAND FLIES PUT OUT LIGHT
Muscatine Has Storm of Insects
Blown from River.
Muscatine, Iowa, Aug. 4. The fierc
est storm of sand flies in years occur
red here last night. Countless flies
hatched by the excessive heat were
blown to the city from the island. All
street lights were extinguished by
them. - ' '
CITY ELECTION IN 1907 VOID
Ruling of Court at Lexington, Ky.,
Unseats Mayor and Three Others.
Lexington, Ky., Aug. 4. Judge Park
er in the circuit court today declared
the election foricity officials held Jn
1907 null and void on the ground of
fraud and corrupt methods. The ef
fect of the decision is to oust Mayor
Skain and three other officials, all
democrats, from office.
, BARGAINS .
F. R. KUSCHMANN'S
Star tobacco, per pound . 4.V
Starch,, clean bulk, pound Gc,
six pounds for . .... .... , 2.1c
Ammonia, . large bottle, full
strength, household - ammonia,
per bottle ..;...... . . ... c
Castile soap, full pound , bar,
Antonio Luggado soap,
per bar 1 . JOc .
Milk, Van Camp's Top Notch,
unsweetened steralized evap
seven cans for .... . . 25c
Sardines, large cans best sar
dine in pure mustard dressing,
two cans for ., 13c
Pickles, fiinall crisp cucumber
pickles in good vinegar
per gallon . ; . " 2Hi
Chow chow, best mustard chow
chow, per quart. -Jaij V.". 20c
Try our Teas and Coffees. We
carry in stock only .the' best
brands at lowest prices. Satis
Phone Us Your Wants.
2207 4th Ave. Roth phones.
LOCAL MARKET CONDITIONS.
Today's Quotations on Provisions, Live
Stock, Feed and Fuel.
Rock Island, Aug. 4. Following are
the wholesale prices on the local
Provisions and Produce.
Live Poultry Hens, por pound,
11c; spring chickens, $3.50 te $4.50 per
Butter Dairy, 20 to 21c; creamerv,
Feed and Fuel.
. Grain Corn, 78 to 80c; oats, 55c.
Forage Timothy hay, $10; straw,
Coal Lump, per huihel, 14c; slack,
To See Our Farm and Fruit
Land and They Find
HEALTHY, PLEASANT CLIMATE; cool, pleasant sum.
mers, little zero weather in winter.
PLENTY OF GOOD WATER, rainfall as heavy as in
Illinois. Average depth of wells 25 feet.
RICH, PRODUCTIVE SOIL, that gives large yields of
any grain, fruit, or vegetable grown in the central states.
THE BEST OF MARKETS. We have land tWn three
miles of a city of 20,000 people that has four railroads
and boat lines. Freight loaded in the afternoon is in Chi
cago or Milwaukee for early market the following morn
Prices on unimproved land:
$8, $10, $12 and $15 per acre.
T was a. Glorious Victory.
There's rejoicing In Fedora, Tenn.
man's life has been saved, and now Dr.
, King's New Discovery is the talk of
tne . town for curing C. V. Pepper of
deadly lung hemorrhages.. I could
not work nor get about," he writes,
"and the doctors did me no good, but,
after using Dr.. King's New Discovery
three weeks, . I feel like a new man,
and can do good work again." For
weak, sore or diseased lungs, Coughs
and Colds, Hemorrhages, . Hay Fever,
LaGrfppe, Asthma or .. any Bronchial
affection it stands unrivaled. Price SO
cents and $1. Trial bottle free. Sold
and guaranteed by all druggists.
Terms as low as $10 down
and $5 per month on
If you should die before the payments are complete we
deed the land to your heirs.
EXCURSIONS EVERY FRIDAY.
For maps and 38-page booklet describing land and coun
try, write or call on
V. N. M ERCER,
ITOOU Third Avenue, Rock Island, III. Phone, Old, West 333.
GKORftK V. SWIG ART, Chicago. Owner.
In buying a cough medicine, don't
be afraid to get Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy.. There, is no danger from it,
and relief is sure to follow. Especial
ly recommended for coughs, colds and
whooping cough. Sold by all druggists.
THE 0RIGI NAL THE ONLY LOW RATE CO. ;.
v , - J v , When you need iL J -0
HOME LOAN CO..
Write or Phone if Unable to CalL East : 8 8 8. fn
Moline Theater Building, 1621 ya Third Ave.
I STRICTLY. CONFIDENTIAL. .