Newspaper Page Text
TTTE KofefrlSllANP ARGUS, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 6, 1909.
Nation .Will . Try to Find Oat
In Next Year's Census Figures-Call
Government Issues Appeal
to Agriculturists to Tell
'All About; Their Business.
HE thirteenth general census of
the United States will be taken
beginning. AprJ 15, 1910. About
65XX) enumerators will, engage
, then In the huge task of counting
every man, woman and child in; the
! country ana of ascertaining for each
! Individual the color. Bex, age, conju
gal condition, place of Wrth, place of
birth of parents, number of years In
the United States, citizenship, occupa
tion, employee, whether or not em
ployedtst the -date of enumeration and
the nn&nber of months employed dur
ing the preceding calendar year. . in
addition, congress has provided for"the
, collection or detailed miormauon re
garding the three principal productive
industries of the-country agriculture,
manufactures and mines and quarries.
The census of 1900 showed that the
United. States is still primarily an ag-
I rlculfural country. The total value of
all farm property on June 1, 1900, was
r nearly twenty and one-half billions of
dollars, a sum more than twice that
I of-the aggregate capital Invested In
manufactures, -winch was approximate
Agriculture is tne great unorganized
Industry with respect to book records
of ItSvoperations. Upward of 7,000,000
farmers are conducting farm opera-
i tionsvon separate farms at the present
Aside 'from the fact that the census
of agriculture supplies the data upon
! .which all ofacial estimates of farm
products are based for the ensuing ten
years, the infofuiation obtained is of
great value from the educational stand
point While comparatively few farm
ers make personal use of the large
'volumes of farm statistics issued by
tfcV census bureau, it should be borne
llnnind-that the data thus published
provide the agricultural colleges and
the great body of writers for the ag
ricultural press and for economic peri
odicals with the facts upon which
their most valuable studies and anal
. yses are based.
The farm census Is taken primarily
for the benefit of tlie farmer.
W To what extent the very marked in
crease during recent years in the cos
of living and especially in the cost f
certain kinds of farm produce is JJe
to shortage in produetiou is a queston
of vital moment, to a vast numbe of
people. The farmer and the vbaa
consumer alike desire Inforufltion
along these lines. It lies with thf farm
er to provide it. '
How. the Farmer Can 3Slp.
By preparing an accurate a count of
tli-.'ir farm operations duriu? t!l -vc::r
udiuy Dee. 31,a00!. aud y makiiig
uu inventory on April 15. 10, of sii
their farm possessions tb fanners of
the country can render t'" census bu
reau and the public at jrsre an inesti
mable service. It is uc to be expect
ed that farmers will e?r keep as com
plete accounts as manufacturers
and merchants. Tr; very nature cf
their occupation, te long hours and
arduous labor of "e summer months
an-i partial bar P scientific bookkeep
ing.' The fact tlt a large part of his
daily bread Is UPPlied from his own
farm instead being purchased out
of cash on hsed naturally causes the
farmer to plice an uncertain value on
the product consumed in his home.
Nevertheless a constantly increasing
number of farmers are keeping accu
rate reccds of their daily receipts and
expecYr and of the exact quantities
of au Masses of products grown or
raised w their farms.
In rder that .the great majority of
arnrs who- do not ordlntrlly keep
;boo) records of their farm operations
ima' be given in- opportunity to famil-la-lze
themsetvea'with the scope of the
i&nssd to be taken next April an out
line of '-he schedule Is here presented.
Every farm operator's strongly urged
to study this -outline carefully and to
' writedown th answer to each ques
tloaxms soon as 4b necessary Informa
tion becomes available. When com
pleted the notebook should be laid
aside for reference when the enumera
j Scope of the -Uext- Tarn Census.
1 Section S of the act authorizing the
thirteenth census provides that "the
schedules relating to agriculture shall
include name, color , and country of
" birth of occupant of each farm; ten
ure, acreage of farm, acreage of wood
land and character of timber thereon;
value of farm and improvements, value
of irm implements, number and value
of live stock ..on farms and ranges,
number and value of domestic animals
not on farms and ranges and the acre
age of crops planted and to be planted
during the year of enumeration and
the acreage of crops and the quantity
and value of crops and other farm
products for the year ending Dec. 31
next tfeceding the enumeration."
' Under this head farmers will be ask
ed to give their names, postofflce ad
dresses, color or race. ages, nations Jn
OXIiY when you are able to
properly digest your food
are yoti in position to 'enjoy
life. - For any digestive weak
ness, such as Poor Appetite,
Indigestion, Cramps, take
Which born, tenure, length of residence
on farms and - if tenants the ' names
and addresses of the persons from
whom land Is leased. ' . . - .
By obtaining the ages of farmers the
census will be able to classify farm
property by age periods of the op
erators and thus show what proportion
jof all farm wealth is controlled by
farmers under ' twenty-five years of
Bge, between forty-five and fifty years
of age or .for any other age period.
j. no rate or. gain in wealth as the
farmers Increase in age will be a ge
eral Index to the profitableness of
farming as, an occupation in difrent
sections of the country.
The question of tenure, fom many
standpoints, is one of the most inter
esting on the l schedule- The three
principal tenures are rwner, cash ten
ant and shart tenant. Formerly the
decrease in number of owners and the
Increase in number of tenants were de
plored by many writers as an indica
tlon that farm lands were passing into
the hands of capitalist and that ten
ants had corresppBdlrgly less oppor
tunity of becoming farm owners. The
constant relative Jicrease in the num
ber of tenants is tow believed to indi
cate that a steadily increasing number
of farm laborers are rising through
farm tenancy to farm ownership and
that a growing number of farm own
ers become Independent in later life
and retire fntm active management.
In other worths, tenancy is regarded as
the steppln" stone whereby young
farm la bore's ultimately become farm
General 'Information Begardinfj
Acreage, values and Expenses
Each ;arm operator will be required
to stat' the total number of acres in
his faira and also the. number of acres
of inroved land. The number of
acref of timbered land will also be
larm values. Statements will be re
qrfed of the value of all land in the
0& farm and that of all implements
peats; the value of . all buildings on
.he farm and that of all Implements
and machinery belonging to the farm.
In preparing statements of value of
these classes of-property it should be
borne in mind that the figures desired
are the values on April -15, 1910, and
should be determined by carefully es
timating the amounts that could be
realized from sales under average con
Farm Expenses. Under this head in
quiry will be made for the total
amount expended for farm labor m
lit), exclusive of expenditures for
housework. -In view of the marked
rise In farm wages during the past ten
years, it will be interesting to ascertain
vrhether or not the average farmer is
expending more for help than at the
lime of the last census.
A third question calls for the amount
paid in 1!K)9 for manure and other fer
tilizers. In 1830 the average for the
United States was only $10 per farm.
A new question in farm census in
vestigations calls for the amount paid
in 1000 for hay. grain and other arti
cles not raised on the farm, but pur
chased for feed of domestic animals
Crops and Animal Products.
Crops. Four facts are required to be
ascertained regarding each principal
crop grown on the farm in 1909 the
number of acres harvested, the quan
tity produced, the value of the product
and the number of acres sown or.
planted for harvest in 1910. The val
ues given should be based upon prices
received in the local markets. .
The crops called for on the schedule
ace as follows:
(A) Crops Grown Exclusively For
Their Grain or Seed. This class In
cludes corn, oats, wheat, durum or
macaroni wheat, emmer or spelt, bar
ley, buckwheat, rye, Kaffir corn and
mllo maize, rice, clover and other grass
seed, flaxseed, peanuts, dry peas, com
mon beans and dry soy beans.
(B) Crops Grown Exclusively For
Hay and Forage. In this class are
timothy, clover, timothy and clover
mixed, alfalfa, millet and Hungarian
grasses, other tame or cultivated
grasses; wild, salt or prairie grasses;
small grains cut green for hay, peas
and beans cut green for nay and coarse
(O Crops of Sundry Classes. Under
this head are included potatoes, sweet
potatoes and yams, tobacco, cotton,
hemp, broom corn and hops.
(D) Crops Grown For Sugar or Sirup.
Sugar beets, sorghum cane and sugar
cane are the crops included in this
class. The number of maple trees
tanoed In 1009 may also be asked. w
(E) Fruits and Nuts. For the princi
pal kinds of orchard fruits, grapes,
tropical fruits and nuts farmers, will
be asked to give the number of trees
and vines of bearing age. the number
of young trees not bearing, the quan
tities produced or harvested in 1909
and the value, of the products ''The
acreage, product and value of small
fruits, including strawberries, rasp
berries, blackberries, currants, goose
berries and cranberries, are to be re
ported for the crop year 1909.
(F) Vegetables. The enumerator will
ask for the acreage and values of all
vegetables grown in 1909. ' Thirteen
chief varieties are named on . this
schedule, and blank lines are provided
for others not specified. In the case
of small farm gardens, the products
of which are used solely for home con
sumption, it is not expected that the
area and "value of each variety of
vegetable can be given separately.
All truck farmers- and market garden-.
ers, however, will be called upon for
UJ) Fruit Products. The . quantities -
and values of cider, vinegar, wine.
Krape juice, olive oil and dried or evan-
arated fruits produced on the yfarm In
1909 are to be reported. ' -'
(II) Forest Products. It Isprobable
that the coming censuj wJU ask two
questions under this bead samely, the
value (In lump sum) of all firewood, ,
fencing material and other forest prod
ucts cut in 1009 for farm coni'Uption.
and the value (In lump ...rum) of all
firewood, logs, railroad es, telegraph
and telephone poles, material for fenc
ing and barrels, oark, naval stores or
other forest products cut. in .1909 for
sale, whether sold or on hand April 15,
1910, ' together with all amounts re
ceived in from the sale of stand
ing timber on the srm.
Animal Products. TJiis is a general
term used to designate ali products of
the live stock industry.
(A) Animals Sold Alive and Animals
Slaughtrfcd. Inquiry will be made for
the nvmber of animals of each kind
sold alive in 1909 and the amounts re
ceded; also for the number and value
ft all animals slaughtered on the farm,
whether for home consumption or for
sale. It is also desired that a careful
record be kept of the number of ani
mals of each kind purchased . during
the year and the amounts paid for
them. This is especially Important in
all eases where farmers purchase large
numbers of cattle, sheep or swine for
feeding purposes. .
(B) Wool and Mohair. A report of
the number, weight and value of all
fleeces of wool and mohair shown in
1909 will be required.
(O lairy Products. Farmers are
urged to give careful consideration to
the questions which follow and, if rec
ords are not kept, to prepare as accu
rate estimates as- possible. The fol
lowing questions will be asked con
cerning the products of the year 1909:
Milk. Gallons produced, gallons sold,
amount received from sales.
Butter. Pounds produced, value of
product, pounds sold, amount received
Cream. Gallons sold, amount receiv
ed from sales.
Butter Fat. Pounds sold, amount re
ceived from tales.
Cheese. Pounds produced, value of
product, pounds sold, amount received
Butter fat should not be confused
(T Poultry and Eggs. The following
questions will be asked concerning
poultry products in 1909:
Value of all poultry raised, amount
received from sajes of poultry, dozens
of eggs produced, dozens of eggs Bold,
amount received from sales of eggs.
(E) Bees and Honey. The only ques
tions- to be asked are the number of
pounds and the value of honey and of
wax produced in 1909.
Inventory of Live Stock, Poultry and
Bees on Hand April 15, 1910.
The census classifications of domes
tic animals according to kind and age
follow closely the. classifications used
by the United States department ofi
atrriculture and the principal live stock
breeders associations. The classifica
tion by ages is very simple, and it is
hoped that farmers will observe it
carefully. The portion of the schedule
pertaining to "live stock will ask for
the number and value of animals as
Cows and heifers kept tor milk born be
fore Jan. 1. 1909.
Cows and heifers not kept for milk born
before Jan. 1. 1309.
Heifers born In 1909. - ,
Calves born, after ,T l. 1. 1910.
Steers born in 1909.
Steers and stags not kept for work born
before Jan. 1, 1309.
Cattle kept for work born before Jan. 1.
Mares born before Jan. 1, 1909.
Geldinea and stallions born before Jan.
Colts born after Jan. 1. 1909.
lipgs and large pigs born before Jan. L
Young pigs born after Jan. 1, 1910.
Mules bom before Jan. 1. 1909.
Mule colts born after Jan. 1. 1909.
Asses and burros, all ages.
SHEEP AND LAMBS.
Ewes born before Jan. 1. 1910.
Rams and wethers born before Jan. 1
1510. , ' -
Lambs born after Jan. 1, 1910.
Goats and kids, all ages. .
In addition to the information called
for as above Indicated, a statement is
desired of the number of calves, lambs,
colts ' mule colts, kids and pigs brought
forth; on the farm during 1909. The
number raised may be substituted for
the dumber brought forth when Buch
number alone is known.
Farmers owning pure bred animals
that are registered or eligible for regis
ter may be asked to report the number
of each kind, giving in each case the
name of te breed. It is also probable
that' an inquiry will be made regarding
the number of cows that were regular
ly milked for more than three months
Poultry. A statement will be re
quired of the number and value of
chickens, turkeys, ducks, geese and
guinea fowls on hand April 15, 1910.
Separate reports may be required of
those under three months old and those
over that age.
. Bees. The rmber of swarms, hives
or colonies of bees on the farm April
15, 1910. and a statement of their value
are to be called for, - -
' " 'r-vy- -w- 1 '1
A n 'line a ualled Shohsi
JIB 'J JiLJM. -JUtT'Wimillll Wfltf llMtllllll IKI'IMI
Coats, Suits, Skirts, Waists, Dresses,
Petticoats, Sweaters and Furs
Every fashionable material, every new style" in every wanted shade, moderate
ly priced. So vast is our stock, and varieties that whatever you need or
ticularly desire, whatever your purse limit, you will be sure to find in this'
Outer Wearing Apparel Store something to suit you exactly.
Nelv rest Styles in Tailored Suits and Coats
There Is no suit demand this store cannot fill satisfactorily. Our present assortment surpasses, la all"2.
ways all former displays. ' It contains your kind of a tailored suit- If you care to pay $10, $15 , $25; $35 ":
or ., ,.. '.. ..SO'
There is practically unlimited styles to choose from at each price. u
. ' ; ::
Of Equal Interest With The Tailored Suits Are The Handsome Fall Coats
Styles were never prettier nor new materials more attractive than they are this season. These graceful
full length semi-flttlng and and tight fitting models are very becoming. Prices are exceptionally mod
erate, $115 to $35. The much wanted Tan and Grey covert cloth coats at $11.25 up to , $23 in aull "
range of styles and sixes. ;'
Our Display of 'Rubberized Ijaincoats Is
Deserving of Special Tlentton
The popularity of the rain coat' continues unabated. Fact is, It grows stronger every day. We have the
newest and best styles ranging' in price from $6.25 up to , .J515
They come from the foremoet raincoat mafcera, and "are made of fine rubberized Taffeta Silks, mohair
and moire cloths.
; WlrJ-1,-?. v r
.-W- V ,.,.
nar- if i7vj-' ; ymw
, . fc- ' BP f . M m': w -m
SELECT TOUB FCES IfOTT Our
selection of fur coats, neck pieces and
muffs Is the largest and most -reasonably
priced la tae-trt-crttea.
The wee Hibe
NEW LOCA TION
Cor. 2nd and Brady Streets, Davenport
Beaver Hat Shaped in .aft k
Liie newest fciutpuB UVU, iiQi-
ore, on sale at . . .-. l$5.00.
TALES TOLD ABOUT TOWN
BRIDE HAD RTVO OX.
At a marriage which took place In
this city recently between two young
people who wera prominent In society,
there was an incident which will give
the friends of the bride anJ groom a
chance to twit thaia. for the remainder
of their lives. The impressive ring
ceremony was used at the wedding,
and when it came time for the groom
to place the golden circle upon the
finger of the bride, the spectators felt
their hearts rise up la their throats as
the groom searched through his pock
ets in vain for the ring. When he fi
nally made a desperate grab for the
hand of the bride the assembled friends
t$ught that he was merely going
through with the ceremony and making
believe the part of giving her the Tins'.
Everyone was greatly relieved, how
ever, when the hand was brought into
sight and the missing ring was found
reposing there, shining and bright.
The pallor left the faces of the bride
and the groom, and a laugh went
around among the guestB. It came
out later that the young couple had
been practicing the ceremony before
the arrival of the guests and that the
young man had neglected to remove
the ring from his Intended, bride's fin
ger, until, in the excitement of the
moment, he forgot where It was. and
the bride did. also.
HE WAS CONSPICUOUS.
At a recent meeting of the Gltchee
Gummee Outing club, held at the club's
bungalow on Rock river, one of the
members attended dressed in his very
best and apparently under the impres
sion that there were going to be mem
bers of the fair sex at the little sup
per which was held In connection with
the meeting. He was guyed consider
ably by his fellow club members about
his coming "all spruced up," and he
finally confessed how it came about.
He had known of the meeting a week
in advance, and on the day set for it
a friend- of the club with whom he
worked got to talking about the club
and remarked that he understood that
it was having a party at its bungalow
that evening. The club member said
that he was not aware of any such
plans, but he decided at once that
maybe he had misunderstood In re
gard to the meeting. Not being able
to see any of the other club members
before arriving at camp, he took no
chances, and dressed up for the occa
sion. He was considerably chagrined
at the Jollying he had to withstand.
Mention is here made of certain pos
sible inquiries that do not come natu
rally under the other general heads:
(A) 'ine amount or mortgage indebt
(B) The number of acres of irrigated
land and the method of irrigation.
(C) The number of acres of land
leased to other farmers.
The director of the census earnestly
requests criticism of the schedule out
lined above v and Invlte3 suggestions
from oil persons actively engaged in
griculture. not only with, regard to
the informs tlon .to be secured, but wlta
respect to its final presentation as well
Will Attend , Clinton Initiation.- C
It is expected that 150 members rf
the tri-city councils of the Knights of
Columbus will be present at the class
adoption by the Clinton council at Clin
ton tomorrow. All of the tri-city
knights will return in the evening on
special train over the I. & I. inter
ne NEEDED AW INTERPRETER.
The following incident occurred some
time ago before the local master in
chancery and it occasioned consider
able merriment which has not entirely
died away as yet. A witness was on
the stand whose English diction was
not of the best and whom the court
decided was able to make himself un
derstood without the aid of an Inter
preter. The following conversation
The Master: T see no need of an
" Question : "You may state what con
yersation was had there between John
Aswege, Tony "Martin and William
Reita about the purchase of this farm."
Answer: "Vel, John Aswege, he be
on my place, you see; he come from
Moline nach Sterling by Ashton to
Toney his farm ver he live and he eay
to me In the evening after the supper
time, an de house by de fence, ven ve.
my eon Henry he was there and my
wife, she was not dead then, she vaa
there, and Toney wast there, und John
you tink, Henry he calls me Henry, I
call him John, we bin swlegebruder, vat
you call it, brother-in-law, his vlfe and
my vife she bin sisters together, und
Toney, he bin my daughter her man,
and he say, veil, und I say veil, und he
say rell, und I say veil, John, und he
say veil vat you tlnk Henry, I hear to
day by Ashton that Toney Reitz his
father's farm, she is for sale, under he
say Henry you see I owe some
couple thousand dollars on "my place,
money yet Henry, ven you, dots me,
can raise up dot money vat I owe him.
John Aswege, den you und I, dots him
und me, ve together help dot Toney
dot he should buy his father's farm,
und I say alright, dot ve can do easy."
The Master: "You may have an in
John RJnck, deputy county clerk,
thereupon was appoirrdto get the
witness 10 ien it an over again again
in German and then repeat it in Eng-glish.
COnDVT LET CO.
A certain Rock Island business man
paid a visit recently to a nearby town
on the Mississippi, and when he was
ready to return home late In the after
noon a resident volunteered to bring
him to "the city fn the villager's new
gasoline launch. t
The start was made auspiciously,
but when about two miles up stream
the engine "died." Various expedients
were resorted to to revive it. but It
declined to work. Finally the Rock
Islander, who has had several years'
experience with the automobile var
iety of gasoline motor, suggested that
the spark plug might be fouled. "Take
it out. and wipe it." he advised.
So the owner of the boat took the
spark plug out and, without discon
necting the wire, attached, cleaned it
as best he could. Having completed
the operation, ne decided to test the
spark before putting the plug back. So,
holding the plug In one hand, with the
other he turned the flywheel around
till the circuit was closed.
The instant the contact was made the
amateur machinist knew that the spark
was all right. : With one hand on the j
flywheel and the other holding the
plug, his body completed the circuit,
and a Jump spark from four cells lit
erally electrified him. 'He let out a
yell and beganTa series of evolutions
that threatenecE to upset the boat,
shouting all thefwhile "Can't let go!"
"Can't let go!"
The Rock Islander, as quickly as he
could move, turned off the switch, and
the efforts of the other to let go were
instantly successful. -But It happened
that when the circuit was broken the
hand holding the plug was extended
out over the water, and so the con
trivance, suddenly released, dropped
Into the Mississippi, the weight jerk
Ing'lt loose from the connecting wire.
Of course it was all off then. There
was no other plug on board, and the
voyagers were compelled to paddle
sadly back to tbo village, whence the
Rock Islander came by rail next day.
rrrvT to locai, growers.
An unsophisticated appearing coun
tryman appeared at a wholesale drug
store at Dubuque the other day with
some ginseng roots for sale. Placed
on the scales they weighed five pounds.
The price agreed upon was $5 per
pound. Before the grower of the herb
departed a clerk was set to work to
break up the roots and prepare them
for the market. When the first one
was opened a stream of No. 6 shot
trickled out. Other pieces were exam
ined and the same thing happened.
The farmer was called back. He pro
fessed surprise and declared that the
shot must have been put In the roots
by his children, but he got neither the
$23 nor the ginseng, which had ben
made useless by the contact with the
A close examination showed that
the man bad punctured the ends of
the roots and run the shot In while
the root was green. When It dried
the cut closed and no trace of the
1 ... . . 1 J 1 M . . it
uptruiug cuuiu ue sera, ine ciera
counted 13" shot from one root.
ERIE ELOPERS Mr
FORGIVEN BY FAMILIES
George Reed and Ills Iirlde lieceiv
Dlessings and Will Mako
Home In Denver.
While the course of true lovo maft
not run smooth oftentimes, the rough,'
places are smoothed out after the doedf
has been dono, and this time Mr. and'
Mrs. George Reed are the lucky ones,
for the father of the rirl in the cao
has decided to relent and forgive the'
younj people for their hasty action i;i
fleeing from tho parental roof. Soma
days ago Mr. Reed and his brito
eloped to Omaha and were rnarricl,
and the t-lopemcnt caused quito a ecu-.
sation Lecause of the issuing of a war-j
rant by .the father of tho girl who;
charged Roed with abduction. The'
young people will net return to Eri?, .
however, to reside, but will make their
home in Denver, where Mr. Reed has
Lame back comes on sul lenly and
is extremely painful. It 13 caused by j
rheumatism of the. muscles. Quick re
lief Is nflordiul by applying Chamber
lain's Liniment. Soil by all drug-!
gists. , :
YOU PAT FOR MY
Contract to Battles & Co.
The Bethany Home association re
ceived four bids for furnishing food
supplies to the home for the month at
November. H. R. Battles & Co. of
fered the lowest figure and was award
ed tha contract.
No knife, no Injection or detention from
business. The most difflcult ruptures
held absolutely under r.ll conditional
with ease ani comfort. No let; strapH, ;
no clastic hands, no steel srrlnjfB wi:lii
my Kuarantnd appllancca. wt'lt expri-l
nicr.tinsr with worthless trusses und!
mall order treatments, and t.e cured fori
HO. Fifteen ye.-irs' successful prn:tlce;
ll.ortO fnrtd p.-itlents. many In this vi
cinity: no papers to sljrn.
Supporters' and appliances for all
forms of nbdorr. Inal atd p-lvle com
plaints. Klustlc Hosiery, etc. Catalogues
at hotel or from 8 Adams street. Chi
M. H. BROWN. M. D.
Next Visit to the Rock Island
House, Rock Island, 111.,
Nov. 12, 1909.
f"" i mwww wi j u m n 1 1 uu i -Lull mi .1 ix an. num I
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