Newspaper Page Text
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 8, 1909.
SAVE SOIL, IS
CRY OF HOPKINS
iState University Expert Opens
Eyes of the Farmers of
AT TAYLOR RIDGE MEETING
Declares and Proves That, Under the
Present Methods, Poverty Must
Come in Few Years.
, Taylor Ridge, Dec. 8 (Special)
The farmers of Rock Island county
"were fortunate yesterday In having an
opportunity to hear Dr. Cyril G. Hop
kins, the soil expert of the state agri
cultural school at TJrbana. His topic
was "Soil Fertility and Permanent Ag
riculture." His talk was along the
same general lines as the one he gave
'In Rock Island last spring before the
Broadway Men's club.
Mr. Hopkins takes issue with Secre
tary "Wilson of the department of ag
riculture and some other disciples of
the glad mitt and optimists in general.
"While he did not mention the veteran
member of Tart's cabinet yesterday, he
did give the doctrines that "Tama Jim"
has been promoting a rude jolt, and
at the same time he upset some of the
traditions that have- been sacred to the
farmers of this community since the
day of the red man.
Sfot Believer la Perpetual Motion.
Professor Hopkins, to be brief, is not
a believer in the theory of perpetual
motion, neither does he believe we can
get something for nothing, at least for
a period of many consecutive years.
He has the fortitude to assert that
what we take" away from the soil we
must return to It in the same or some
ether form, or eventually the land will
cease to yield. The great trouble is to
provide a perpetual supply of phos
phor:, which, of the various elements
:.. re Jtrred for plant crowth.-is the first
to Become exhausted, as a rule, and is j
the hardest to restore once it has been j
takca away. . j
Prcfesroi' Hopkins stated, and prov- j
ei to the satisfaction of those who
heard him, tha rotation of crops is not j
a remedy fcr land exhaustion. He i
even upset the tisie-hcnored tradition :
that a f3rmer, by raising stock enough j
to es.t all his grain and placing the '
mrr:re tack cn the ground, can main-
tain it3 fertlihy fdr an ir.deflnita rerl-!
od. The phosphorus iz carried away j
'n the Tories and shins of the live j
r.tock and in the grain. SoierUi6t6.have I
r:ur-i exactly how much there i.3 .in !
i h average soil to the? flepth" fo" which
?t is plowed, and can te.ll, exactly, how j
m-tch of a iven crop can be taken j
ZijTa it befcre its power -t 'produce
will become exhausted to the point j
where it will not ray 'Vvo:R t! J
Cane tu Maryland. !
Cr. Hopkins cited the case of land in 1
Maryland and Virginia, once highly
productive, that nov; has been entirely j
abandoned. He had crly recently tak- j
ra an option cn rorce such land within 1
a rew miias or v. asmngton at si'j per
acre. In other parts of the east there
are farms that within 20 or 30 years
have declined in price to less than
half and are growing yearly less valu
able. Here in Illinois, the speaker
said, many farms are producing less
than they did a few years hack, and,
with the present methods of working
:hem, it is only a matter of years when
they will be in the same condition as
ihe abandoned land in the east.
Dr. Hopkins quoted statistics taken
ver long periods of experimenting
srith rotation of crops on land in var
ious places, with and without various
kinds of treatment. They invariably
ihowed that where the phosphorus con
tent was kept up the yield was easily
nalntained, but where it was allowed
!o become exhausted, barrenness was
ilways the eventual result.
Likened to Bank Account.
The soil's phosphorus Was likened
D a bank account. It decreases so long
is checks are issued against it in the
lorm of crop yields. Rotation simply
increases the humous or organic mat
!er In the soil, which, In Its decay,
last ens the chemical action which sets
tee the phosphorus in a form to be
ipproprlated by young crops. Rota
Ion, by inducing larger yields, simply
(xecutes larger checks against the de
posit of the land and hastens its ulti
mate bankruptcy. Ordinary commercial
fertilizers, by promoting the chemical
lotion that dissolves the phosphorus,
porks in the same direction, only the
no re quickly and disastrously.
Farmers who buy , much grain to
feed stock and place the manure on
their own land can keep up the ordin
ary condition of their solL So can
market gardeners who secure offal
from large cities. To the average
farmer, however, there are only two
ways to restore the phosphorus: One
by using bone meal, which costs $23
per ton, and the other" cheaper and
more practical by scattering rock
phosphate. This can now be had at
$8 per ton. Dr. Hopkins advised farm
ers to stock their land well with rock
phosphate while it can. still be obtain
ed at a comparatively low price, thus
providing for future generations, as
well as paving the way for greater re
turns in the immediate future. Experi
ments have fully shown that the orig
inal cost of the prosphate so used is
soon repaid in larger yields. Ultimate
ly the fertilizer will many times repay
Dr. Hopkins also discussed the re
storing of nitrogen to the soil by means
of legume plants, particularly clover.
and showed how to test land for symp
toms of sourness, which it is easy to
remedy by using crushed limestone.
Swine Huabandry Diacnased. .
Swine husbandry was discussed at
the afternoon session by William Die
trich, professor of swine husbandry of
the University of Illinois. The chief
point he impressed upon his hearers,
ueingv charts, illustrations and data
taken from experiments to prove his
assertions, was that it is very easy to
stop the growth of a hog in its early
stages, and that once this is done, It
can never be made into profitable pork.
This can be done more easily than
any other way by overfeeding beween
the ages of two weeks and two months.
Professor Dietrich also explained the
necessity for intelligent and diversi
fied feeding in the early stages of the
animal's existence, turning to straight
corn only to finish with. Fall hogs
have not been found profitable, the
speaker said, because of the difficulty
of providing them with the kind cf
food they need and of inducing them
to take enough exercise and to drink
a suOcient quantity of water. To rem
edy the last named difficulty, he sug
gested mixing ground grain up in a
Music for the afternoon session was
given by Rev. A. C. Wood of the Meth
odist church, who rendered two cornet
Competition for Com Prizes.
There are more competitors for tho
corn prizes this year than for a num
ber of years. In the free for all class
no less than 35 samples of 10 ears each
have been offered. In the boys' con
tests there are 11 entries in class l'and
three in class 2.
The ladies are in evidence with 21
samples in the bread baking contest,
while 11 are seeking the prizes offer
ed for the best cake, and six have sub
mitted samples of homemade candy."
H. C. Uniting of Geneseo, who Is
judging the corn, and whose report
will bo read ht this evening's session,
finds that there are an unusually large
per cent of the cars that are "dead,"
that is in which the germ has been
I-iileu. Under such circumstances
farmers who are wise will make early
preparation for the testing of next
spring's seed corn.
President Saddcris at the afternoon
' session announced L. B. Strayer. S.
W. Heath and Cyrus Miller as a com
mittee on resolutions, and John Fife,
L. L Pearsall and J. C. Miller as a
committee on nomination of ofneers.
The cold wave helped to cut down
the attendance on the opening day. A
still more potent influence in the same
direction was the abominable roads.
The freeze came when the ordinary
highways were cut up to a depth of
several inches and the surface is now
so rough that driving faster than a
walk is out of the question in most
places. Bad roads and cold form a
combination that even the farmers,
used as they are to lack of convenienc
es, hesitate to buck up against.
Seventy Years Old
Rheumatism and neuralgia yield
their pain to Perry Davis, Painkiller
so do sprains, burns, briuses. It
cures colds, colic,- diarrhoea. For 70
years It has been doing good. If it's
used early suffering is saved and
danger avoided. A 35 cent bottle is
the new size; but a 50 cent bottle is
really the cheapest it holds so much
emm , mtfesl -
mi m Umttfo
i i r-;i
219-221 W. Second ti
Useful articles are more generally Wanted for Christmas gifts now-a-days
There is comparatively little sale nowadays for the old fashioned useless Christmas gifts
merchandise that used to flood the stores Christmas time.
Every year more people are being converted to the sensible idea that a useful gift is doubly,
Nothing is more acceptable for Christmas gifts than Hichter's Furs.
Every comfort and elegance is embodied in these superior furs,
comprising Alaska Seal, Otter, Russian Pony, Fox, Lynx,
Beaver, Persian Lamb, Mink, Sable, Chinchilla, Royal Ermine, etc.
Appropriate Christmas Gifts for Men
Our Men's Furnishing
or Mocha Gloves', Mufflers,
,"We have provided the largest, choicest and most complete stock of men's suita
ble Christmas - gifts Fur Driving Gloves, Fur Collars, Sealskin Caps, Fur Over
coats, Fur Robes.
Department comprises all the new styles and shades in Hats, Caps, Silk Lined Kid
Suspenders, Neckwear, Umbrellas, etc.
"We also carry the famous Holeproof Hosiery for men, guaranteed to wear six months.
CHTER & SONS, Inc.
219-221 W. Second
Mrs. W. B. Barker, Settlement
Worker, Speaks at County
TELLS CITY EXPERIENCES
W. II. Groh, Port Dyron, Elected
President Number of Help
Looking One's Best.
It's a woman's delight to look her
best, but pimple3, skin eruptions, sores
and boils robs life of Joy. Listen!
Bucklen's Arnica Salve cures them;
makes the 6kin soft and velvety. It
glorifies the face. Cures pimples, sore
eyes, cold sores, cracked lips, chapped
hands. Try it. Infallible for piles. 25
cents, at all druggists.
$10 and upwards
Twiyrtm5tbly"jhliViichl nJ nnnial and slmont drowdea th
T OUo7beWT6tyaTen6d caeh aoanh to meet the Christmas Demands.
Yottbao fctl to IWa friend or that -.relative toma present, to treat
bttislf tof Bprnm pVurhat jrou hartn't been able to affosrdlt. W win fin.
ifisa yor Criih3a purchasea ibr you, fto you needn't Btin Jot come to vm
and- will hand you, ovi th oaah, repayment being mado In littie. easy
aTMaa-jadSjrCja yaarown terma.
And All the fime'Vou Have the Assurance of
Strictly Confidentisl Relation No Publicity. I Courteous and Honorable Dealings.
fVtrt' Surrender or Inconveniences. The Best Terms Offered By Any Concern
pea every vcntno uctll Christmas.,
RELIABLE LOAN COMPANY
osKf a j a 011 Phono West 1008.
Taylor Ridge, Dec. 8, (Special)
W. II. Groh of Port Byron was elect
ed president of the Rock Island
County Farmers' institute for the en
suing year at the session this after
noon. Mr. uron succeeds A. Saci
dorious, also of Port Byron. The
complete list of officers fcr the insti
tute as chosen this afternoon is as
President W. H. Groh, Port By
ron. Vice president A. E. Genung,
Secretary John C. Mose, Port
Treasurer Charles A. Crawford,
Executive committee W. H. Ash-dow-n.
Port Byron, Cyrus Miller, Tay
lor Ridge, and John Fife, Port By
ron. The next meeting of tho institute
will be held at Pert Byron in De
cember of next year.
The session this morning was not
a very long one as there was only
one speaker on the program. A. C.
Ramsay, a merchant at Taylor Ridge,
gave an interesting talk in which he
compared the farmer and the mer
chant of today with the farmer and
the merchant of 50 years ago. lie
brought out the fact that with the
change In conditions which have tak
en place, the farmer has had to brush
up his business knowledge and de
pend more upon it In his dealings.
The merchant has become more busi
ness like in his dealings with the
farmer and the result is very satis
factory to both parties.
The Black Hawk quartet. furnish
ed music at the morning session. The
church in which the sessions are be
ing held was well filled with dele
gates, despite the condition of the
weether which prompts the farmers
to remain at home in the warm.
Speaker Falla to Appear.
A. N. Johnson, chief highway en
gineer of the Btate, was down on the
program for a talk on roads last eve
ning, but he failed to get to the scene
of the institute. He got as far as
Rook Island, but was unable to make
railway connections and he remained
there over night and had to go to
Aledo today, which kept him oft the
program entirely. C. M. Adams of
Davenport gave the farmers a short
talk on the condition of the roads of
the state as he had found them in
traveling over them and to a certain
extent he filled the place of the chief
Training of Girls.
Mrs. YV B. Barker of Rock Island
spoke last night on "Moral and De
mestic Training of the Girls." Mrs.
Barker is the superintendent of the
West End Settlement in Rock Island
and is well qualified for the lecture
which she gave. She told of the con
ditions which the settlement workers
come in contact with and ortHned
tho aim of the institution. She ad
vised the farmers to keep their
daughters away from the city as far
as possible in order to avoid the pit
falls which she claims exist there for
the young and susceptible. She be
soeched the mothers to cultivate the
confidence of their daughters and to
educate them in piety and in the
graces. Her talk appealed to her
listeners and she made the hit of
The choir of the Methodist church
furnished music for the meeting last
Corn Awnrila Mode.
The awards for the best exhibits
of corn were mpde today. There
were 25 exhibitions in the free for all
exhibit and some fine speciments
were shown. There were a number
of good entries in the classes for boys
also. L. I. Pearsall of Port Byron,
who was the winner of the first prize
in the free fcr all contest, has the
distinction of having wen that prie
for the last five years. After the
Dirt and Spare
WW.V.-- tit's 1 1
I Cut Your Laundry Expense i
Yon can Co It asfog: a raving soap.
Peosta Soap goca-Jarther than any other
lauriry soap because it ia a specialist
in clothes cleaning made for laundry
nse first and toremost.
Beach's Peosta So&p Ccis Scip Bills
In the lancdry and wherever else nsed.
and It enables yon to do the work quicker
easier cheaper, it you eena your
waskinff f it ont in a cake of Peosta and
Soa'llknow the clothes wUl come back
t good condition.
If yon have the washing done at home,
use Peosta and save scrub-board drud
gery and boiler smells.
A carton cf S calces coat So and lasts a
Your dealer has ft. If be should bo "all
out" of it, write to ua.
g . - -
Jzs. Beach & Sens, - Dahcqse, IWa !
awards were announced the winning
corn was auctioned off to be used as
seed and its sale brought $19.55.
The awards were as follows:
Free for All Claaa.
First L. I. Pearsall, Port Byron;
prize Jenny feed grinder, given by
the Moline Plow company.
Second John Rocker, Port By
ron; prize, 16-inch Deere sulky plow,
given by Hales Brothers of Taylor
Third Lewis Eipper. Port Byron;
prize, road cart, given by D. M. Sech
ler Buggy company of Moline.
Boya' Contest Claaa A. "
First Clarence Genung, Port By
ron; prize, suit of clothes, given by
Mosenfelder & Sons of Rock Island.
Second Harry Genung, Port By
rou; prize suit of clothes, given by
Sexton Brothers of Rock Island.
Third Raymond Buckley, Port
Byron; prize, suit of clothes, given by
The London of Rock Island.
Uoy Contest Claaa D.
First Thomas Montgomery, Port
Byron; prize, suit of clothes, given
by Ullemeyer, the Clothier, of Rock
Second L. G. Ashdown, Port By
ron; prize, saddle, given by Hayes
Brothers of Taylor Ridge.
Today in the Markets
Chicago, Dec, 8. Following are the
quotations on the market today:
Receipts today Wheat 47, corn 190,
oats 49, hogs 30,000, cattle 22,000,
Estimated receipts Thursday "Wheat
3, corn 166, oats 66, hogs 29,000.
Hog market opened steady. Hog3
left over 7,700. Light 7.85g8.33, mix
ed and butchers 7.95 8.30, good htfivy
8.05 8.55, rough heavy 8.05 8.25.
Cattle market opened Bteady.
Sheep market opened 5 to 10 cents
Hogs at Omaha 3,500, cattle 7,200.
Hogs at Kansas City 10,000, cattle 12,
000. Hog market closed steady. Bulk
sales 8.308.50, light 7.858.35, mixed
and butchers 7.958.50, good heavy
S.058.C5, rough heavy 8.058.25.
Cattle market closed steady.
Sheep market closed steady.
Liverpool opening cables Wheat
to higher, corn higher.
Liverpool closing Wheat to &
higher, corn i higher.
Northwestern receipts Minneapolis,
today" 41. last week 401, last year 115;
Duluth, today 133, last week 208. last
New York Stocks.
New York, Dec. 8. Folowing are
the quotations on the stock market to
day: Oaa "... 114V4
Union Pacific ..200
TJ. 3. Steel preferred ........... 125
U. S. Steel common 914
Rock Island preferred 88 Vi
Rock Island common 40
Northwestern ....... 177 Vt
Southern Pacific 129
New York Central 127 Va
Missouri Pacific ..... 71
Great Northern 1424
Northern Pacific 143
L. & N 151
Canadian Pacific 180?s
Erie i 33
C. & 0 88
B. R. T 81
B. & O 116
St. Paul 155
Republic Steel preferred 106
Republic Steel common 46
Southern Railway 31
LOCAL MARKET CONDITIONS.
Today's Quotations on Provisions, Live
Stock, Feed and Fuel.
Rock Island, Dec. 8. Following are
the wholesale prices on the local
Previsions and Produce.
Live Poultry Hens, per pound, 14c;
spring chickens, per pound, 17c; tur
Butter Dairy, 30c; creamery, 32c.
Fresh eggs 30c.
Lard 14 c.
Feed and Fuel. ,
Grain Old corn, 75c; new corn, 55c; j
Forage Timothy hay, $14 : Etraw, $5. J
Coal Lump, per bushel, 14c; slack,
Wood $4.60 per load.
Rock Islander Honored by Kaaba
Temple at Annual Klection
The annual meeting of the Kaaba
Temple of the Mystic Shrine was held
last night in Davenport and the elec
tion of officers for the following year
took place. H. A. J. McDonald of this
city was honored with the omce of as
sistant raban, and H. E. Krell was se
lected to represent tho lodge at tho
Imperial council at New Orleans in.
I. II. Sears of Davenport was elected
to the office of potentate, the highest
office in the lodge, i-jid Henry Jaeger,
also of Davenport was chosen chief
Most of the Shriners from this city
attended the meeting and the attend
ance from Davenport and the section
taken in was excellent.
W. H. McBrayer's
Bottled in Bond.
The Uncrowned King of Kentucky
The grains used in the dis
tillation of W. II. McBray
er's Cedar Brook are espec
ially selected with great
care by experts who have
made distilling a life study.
Mashed in small old-tash-joned
tubs, tne same as in
1847. After its distillation
It Is transferred to our U. S.
Bonded Warehouse on the
premfses and stored in spec
ially made white oaken
charred barrels where we al
low it to remain for 8 years
to become thoroughly ma
tured, thereby attaining the
tighest point in purity. This
is of vital importance and
Increases the cost of produc
tion of W. M. McBrayer's
Cedar Brook, bottled In
bond. I .:.
For 62 Years.
The distlUery, located in
Anderson county, the heart
of the Blue Grass region
where famous .limestone
springs abound, makes this
whisky the peer of all oth
ers. After W. II. McBrayer's
Cedar Brook Whisky has
been In bond 8 years, under
the supervision of govern
ment officers, it is reduced to
100 proof by using pure
limestone water. It is then
bottled in bond, a little
"Green Stamp, placed over
the neck of the bottle be
ing U. C. Government guar
antee of its integrity there
by insuring to purchasers a
whisky which is Justly re
garded as the "Flower of
W. H. McBrayer's Cedar Brook Distillery, Lawrenceburg, Ky.
TAXMAN BROS., DISTRIBUTORS.
"ho 481 West.