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THE -ROOK ISLAND 'ARG-JJS.
. i . ; ;
r J FT Y-NLYTH YEAR. XO. 56. TUESDAY,' DECEMBER 21, 1909. -FOURTEEN PAGES. r" . ' PRICE TWO CENTS.
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POLAR CONTROVERSY ENDS;
COOK BRANDED AS FAKER BY
JUST IN PASSING
Fornal ReJort Made Stat
ic5 "Proofs" Estab
EXPLORER IN NORWAY
Fled From Country When Ho
Foresaw Outcome Peary,
-t Completely Vindicated.
Copenhagen, Dec. 21. The Univer
sity of Copenhagen, the first institu
tion of learning to recognize Cook as
the discoverer of the north pole, to
day leclared the explorer had failed to
ttablish his claim. The committee
appointed by the university to exam
ine Cook's records recently presented
its report to the consistory of the uni
versity, which reviewed-the deductions
cf the experts with greatest care and
discussed the findings from every
Both Arr Dinnppoiii toil.
f That both the committee "and consis
tory were disappointed was soon
known. The consistory met today and
adopted a written report to the effect
the alleged records submitted for ex
amination by Cook failed to prove his
claim he had reached the pole. The
report of the committee, cf which Pro
presented to the
Cook's papers are without any value,
and that his report to the university
is practically the same as that publish
ed in the New York Herald upon his
return from the Arctic expedition,
"' Xo Original 'Calculation.
Copies of his note books submitted,
says the committee, contain no orig
inal calculations or observations but
only the results thereof. Accordingly
the committee concludes he affords no
proof of having reached the pole.
n'er Saw Note Books.
' Cook's original documents, although
promised, were never submitted to the
university. What was examined was
typewritten matter, which Cook's see-
Generally fair and continued cold to
night and Wednesday. The minimum
temperature tonight will be about 5 or
10 degrees above zero.
Temperature at 7 a. m., 9; maximum
in 24 hours, 10: minimum, 9. Precip
itation in 24 hours, trace. Wind ve
locity at 7 a. m., 12 miles. Relative
humidity, last evening 84, this morning
I J. M. SHERIER. local forecaster.
Doc. 21 In American History.
1G20 The pilgrims lamfcd on Plymouth
rock and founded the first perma
nent English settlement in New
16SS James Edward Oglethorpe, the
founder of Georgia,' born; died
1S21 Laura Rridgmnn. the noted blind
and deaf mute, born; died 1S91.
1SGG I'trt Phil Kearny massacre i )
DaUotn; 79 regular soldiers killc-.'.
by the Sioux.
1003 Henry Ilarland. American author
living in England, died; born 1S01
Pun .sets -1:32. rises 7:1S: moon sots
2:ir n. m.; C a. in., eastern time, winter
commences; winter solstice; sun far
thest south; days shortest and begin to
Ion-then; middle of arctic night; mid
dle cf anrrctii? day.
was chairman, as !
j pared for the result by the early indi
cations that Cook's claims would not
be favorably passed on.
Cook is now in Christiansand, Xor-
according to William L. Cook, his
TO BE THRESHED OUT BY
UNITED STATES SENATE
MOVE MADE FO
j plorer is ready to go to Copenhagen to
give the university further information
I concening his claims.
Bradley Fooled, lie Admits.
lie has' fooled us all from the king
of Ienmark down, was the exclama
tion of John R. Bradley, Cook's backer
in the Arctic trip, when apprized of
the news from Copenhagen. "And he
fooled ine with the rest." Bradley add-
I ed. Bradley, continuing, declared he
j had long ago lost all Interest in Cook
I and everything connected with . the
! north pole.
While delightedwith the first news
I of Cook's supposed success Bradley
said his failure to make more than
Washington, Dec. 21. The opening
gun in the campaign in congress for
general Interstate commerce legisla
tion was fired today by the house com
mittee, which gave notice of the adop
tion of an order setting hearings for
Jan. 18 next and diily thereafter. It
,i is " expertM""W&sT5e'n t's message
' meaere statements caused susniclon.
retary assured me commission was a Cook's sudden disannearance. too
complete and accurate duplication of
the information contained in Cook's
Those Instruments Again,
Cook's secretary handed Professor
Torp letter from the explorer in
which the latter states that not only"
were his instruments left at Etah, as
Indicated in his cable to the university
Oct. 23, but most of his astronomical
observations were also left at that
point and he adds that without thee
It seems unwise and Impossible to
pass judgment upon hl3 expedition.
Absence ot Excusable.
The; report of the commission is, in
effect, that no original astronomical oo
servations were present, only results,
and that there Is an inexcusable laclt
of information that would prove that
astronomical observations were really
Danes An (try! Well, Slightly.
There Is much indignation-
throughout Denmark today over the
supposed deception practiced
the Danish people by Cook.
Members o fthe university commis
. slon are said to be furious.
Atorary Sole Defender.
New York, Dec. 21. "If the public
knew the truth concerning Cook's men-
tal and physical condition, as it is
:nown by his close friends, they would
take a more charitable view of his
present unfortunate situation," were
the significant words uttered by H.
Wellington Wack, counsel for Cook, to
day, when told the Uifc-rsitsy of Co
penhagen had rejected Cook's proofs
that he bad been to the pole.
Causes No Surprise.
New York, Dec. 21. News that the
University of Copenhagen had declined
to accept CoOks claim that he had
reached the pole came, as no surprise
to the scientific circles here, and to
many of his friends who had been pre-
Bradley adds, caused him to doubt.
cnaries wane, cooks closest per
sonal friend and the only person b
side his brother who knew the where
abouts of the explorer in the last few
weeks, was" so dumbfounded when In-
f Continued on Page Eight.)
WEEK IN A MINE:
One Man Taken Out and Two Others
Communicated With at Ne
Negaunee, Mich., Dec. 21. Cob
dello Franciscan, one of the four
miners who were entombed in the
depths of the Negaunee mine last
1 Tuesday, was rescued alive last night.
; T T . . I . i , . V
upon flt- iuuiiu in a pocitei ueuuiu ine
cavern which had trapped him and
Peter Mundl. The latter's dead body
was beside Franciscan's barely con
Victor Mfttlla and Peter Makki,
Finns, are trapped farther back in
the mine and the rescuing party has
established communication with
them. Both are alive and strong and
it is thought they will be extricated
within a few hours.
When Franciscan had been
brought to the surface and revived
he said Mundl had died two i ays ago.
rne rescuoa miner was rusnea to a
hospital and doctors hope to save his
life, although he is weak from star
vation and lack of water.
urging reforms In tae Interstate com
merce law will be r,cady for transmis
sion to congress shortly after con
gress reconvenes in January.
Washington, Dec. 21. Vigorous rec
ommendations for changes in the pres
ent law regulaling transportation com
panies are contained in the 23rd annual
report of the interstate commerce com
mission transmitted to congress.
Notwithstanding the recommenda
tions made, however, the report. In
this respect, is notable rather for what
it does not, than for what it does, con
tain. Five of the suggestions made, by
the special committee selected by
President Taft n djnft rjyrns-ff In the
existing ;'$nter??af a roifinioroo . act are
offered in th? reporrt. .V..-' V
Tk ISo Stand. '
It Is known thaj the commission, as
a body, favors tife plans proposed by
that committee; ' but, as a matter of
courtesy, it has refrained, in its report,
from discussing the changes in ad
vance of the special message on the
subject which President Taft has indi
cated he will send Irscongress.
AWAY FROM FIRE
Holiday Shoppers and Clerks Make
Remarkable Escape When Lon
don Store Burns.
BILL NOT MEANT
fO HIT STATES
Washington, Do. 21. The Mann
"white slava tra&c bill," recently
agreed on by the house committee on
interstate anfl foreign commerce, was
it i . f
day by Chairman Mann of that com-
puttee. The report distinctly dls4
claims any purpose to interfere wltn
. or usurp in any way the police pow
, era of states.
WISH TO END RAIL STRIKE
Switchmen Granted a Conference
with Koads at St- Paul.
St. Paul, Minn., Dec. 21. As a re
sult of a conference at which G. T.
Slade, third vice president of ; the
Northern Pacific; J. M. Gruber, gen
eral manager of the Great Northern,
and Ralph Wheelock, private secre
tary to Governor Eberhart, were
present, it was announced that the
railroads were ready to receive a
proposal for a conference from the
sti iking switchmen. :
It'was declared, however, that any
proposition made by the switchmen
would have to be taken up by the
general managers' committee, which
is headed by I. G. Rahn of Chicago.
It is probable that definite steps
will be taken towards arranging a
conference between the switchmen
and the railroads, as Governor Eber-
London, Dec. 21. Five bodies were
recovered this morning from the fire
of the dry goods store in Clapham
quarters. The known dead number
London, Dec. 21. Several thou
sand persons were in imminent dan
ger and four were killed when fire
yesterday afternoon destroyed in less
than an hour the great department
store of Arding & Hobbs, in the
Clapham district of London. The
loss is estimated at from $3,000,000
to $5,000,000, and Is covered by In
surance of $1,200,000, most of
which is carried by New York companies.
The fire is considered one of the
most remarkable In modern history.
The building, five stories in height
and covering an acre of ground, was
packed with Christmas shoppers
when the fire started. These all
were able to escape from the build
ing with little or no panic, and the
MADR1Z PUT IN
Nicaragnan Congress, Despite
Protests, Names Dictator-Is
judge of the- Centra! American court,
and Panyiagua Prado was appointed to
succeed him. The committee which
has had the resignation of Zelaya in
hand then recommended its acceptance
and the formulation of an address of
thanks to Zelaya for his services to
Will Kot Recognise Madrla.
Washington, D. C, Dec. 21. Secre
tary of State Knox has let It be known
that the attitude of this government
toward Nicaragua would not be chang
ed by the election of Madrlz to,, the
presidency as the successor of Zelaya.
Madrlz will have to show that he is
capable of directing a responsible gov
ernment which is prepared to make re
paration for the wrongs which it Is
claimed have been done to American
citizens in the little Central American
Number of Men Unable to Ex
plain Presence at Belle
TROOPS ARE NOT NEEDED
President Decides to no
Longer Withhold His
Secretary of the Interior De
mands Action and Threat
ens to Quit.
Sheriff Appears to Have Situation
Growing Out of Shooting at Kast
St. Louis Well in Hand.
NOT RECOGNIZED BY U.
Rattle Said to ; Be in Progress
KamaCitizens at Granada
Ask for Marines.
East St. Louis, 111., Dec. 21. The
coroner's jury today declared "cir
cumstantial evidence points to Wil
liam Clark, a negro, as the murderer
of Motorman Eugene V. Goudey."
Belleville, 111., Dec. 21. Eighteen ar
rests of strangers who were unable to
account satisfactory for their presence
in BeHrriWe were" made this morning.
It is thought the men walked from
500 employes, with the exception of
the four who were killed by jumping
from a third stpry window and five
others who were seriously hurt In
Jumping, got out with no more seri
ous hurts that slight burns. It is be
lieved that if those who jumped had
been cool headed enough to wait five
minutes they would have been rescued.
Work of Day in Congress
Washington, Dec. 21. Following is a
summary of the proceedings of the two
houses of congress yesterday, taken
from the official records:
SKNATR The nomination of Horace
H. l.urton t bfi associate justice of the
I'nitcit states supreme court was con
firmed. .Senator licpmv made an optim
istic Christmas cheer speech in replv to
pessimistic predictions based on the tar
iff made in La FolJetle"s magazine and
in newspapers. A Inns list of nomina
tions for ambassadors, ministers and
other appointive ollicers was sent to the
senate by the president. Adjourned at
- o'clock until today.
HOt SK rrhe District of Columbia ap
propriation bill, carrying about $j0.275,
non. was passed by the house. Mfr. Mon
dell of Wyoming upheld Secretary I5al
lingcr in a speech against the proposi
tion to enlarge the government's au
thority over dams and water power
rights in the different states. The Fitz
gerald "unanimous consent" rule was
Invoked for the first time and two small
local bills were passed. Adjourned at 2
o'clock until today.
Washington, Dec. 21. No news of
any consequence from Nicaragua
reached the state department today,
and no reports have yet been receiv
ed of the election of Madriz to the
presidency or of the battle now on in
the vicinity- of Rama.
Want Marine af Granada.
Managua, Nicaragua, Dec. 21.
The United States consulate today re
ceived a plea for protection for
Americans at Granada and asking
that United States marines be sent
Managua, Nicaragua, Dec. 21. Dr.
Jose Madriz, former Judge of the Cen
tral American court of justice at Car-
tago and Zelaya's candidate, yesterday
was elected president of Nicaragua by
the unanimous vote of congress.
The session was a stormy one, but
there seemed to be perfect unanimity
with regard to the election of Madriz,
and when the official announcement
was made there were vociferous cheer
ing and cries of "Viva Madriz," "Viva
Leon," "Down with monopolies,7'
"Down with tyranny," "Long live the
After his election he was escorted to
the balcony of his hotel, where he
greeted great crowds that had gather
ed around the building and made a
brief speech, urging harmony and co
operation. He pledged that he would
uphold the rights of the citizens, grant
ing free elections and establishing a
policy of equal opportunities for all.
At the afternoon session congress ac
cepted the resignation of Dr. Madriz as
Washington. Dec. 21. The senate
today practically decided upon the in
auguration of an inquiry Into the Bal-
llnger-Pinchot controversy by adopt
ing a resolution Introduced by Flint of
California calling for all papers bear
ing upon the case.
The proposed congressional investi
gation into the Ballinger-Plnchot con-
.trovery did not formally come up at
the cabinet meeting today. Informally
every member of the president's cab
inet congratulated Ballinger upon the.
stand he has taken in insisting upon'
a full inquiry into the affairs of the
interior department, and assured him
of their hearty support.
- Good for the Party.
The decision of the president not to
longer withhold consent to a search
ing inquiry occassloned general ex
changes of opinion among the party;
leaders in congress today. There'
seems to be a general feeling of satis-!
faction and relief that the inquiry I
to be undertaken.
President Gives Coaneat.
Washington, D. C. Dec. 21.Pre8l
dent Taft has yielded to the demand
East St. Louis after the failure of the
mob to reach town earlior by street !0f Doth Secretary Ballinger and hi
critics for a public Investigation of th
car. Despite the developments of last
night, it is not expected militia will be
needed, the sheriff apparently having
the situation well in hand.
Armed Guard About Jail.
whole subject matter underlying th
so-called Ballinger-Pinchot controver
sy. Mr. Ballinger yesterday afternoon
Belleville, 111., Dec. 21. Armed j served upon the president virtually anri
with riot pumpguns and a thousand j ultimatum, to the effect that such iv
rounds of ammunition. Sheriff Cashel j investigation was Indeed the price of.
and 12 deputies last night guarded i his remaining In the cabinet. He made
STRAW VOTE SHOWS HOW PUBLIC
REGARDS CANNON AND ALDRICH
(Special Correspondence of The Argus.)
Washington, D. C, Dec 19. Politi
cal circles here in the national capital
are stirred more than they have been
since President Taft took office by the
announcement of the result of the
"straw ballot" taken by the Success
The vote was taken among the sub
scribers of the magazine, and ehowed
In a decisive manner that even the re
publicans of the country are disgusted
in the extreme with Cannon and Al
drich and their domination of the mak
ing of national legislation. Politicians
have more or less respect for the bal
lot, because one taken by the same
magazine last fall enabled it to predict,
nearly a month before election, prac
tically the exact electoral vote received
by President Taft.
Ten Question Asked.
Of the more than 22.000 nersons
polled, representative citizens scatter-
j ed over the country, 13,102 replied. Of
these 8,380 classed themselves as re
publicans; 3,213 as democrats, and 1,
529 as Independents, prohibitionists or
members of other parties. On Nov. 9
the magazine mailed to its life sub
scribers a letter and a ballot contain
ing ten questions designed to feel the
public pulse on the matter of .President
Taft's popularity, the popular opinion
of the new tariff bill, the' political
standing of Aldrlch and Cannon, and
the strength of the support of the in
Question No. 1 asked: "Do you be
lieve that your vote for. presidential
candidate last November was wisely
Of the republicans answering, 5,728
voted "yes," while 640 voted "no;"
2.323 democrats voted "yes," and 206
. Only Part Satisfied.'
Question No. 2: "Are you: satisfied
with the first nine months of the ad
ministration of President Taft?"
Of the republicans, 3,092 voted "yes,"
2,490 voted "no," and 2,778 declined to
vote at all. Of the democrats, 500 an
swered "yes." and 2,053 replied "no."
Question No. 3: "Do you approve of
the position of Senator Aldrich in the
recent tariff legislation?'
. Republicans voting "yes" numbered
517. while those voting "no" numbered
6,313. But 40 democrats, of whom 22
are In the south, indorsed Aldrich; 2,
447 voted in the negative.
Few Approve of Cannon.
Question No. 4 : "Do you approve the
position of Speaker Cannon on the re
cent tariff legislation?"
Just a little more emphatic is the
condemnation of Mr. Cannon; 490 re
publican and 40 democrrtlc votes )n
the entire country being cast in the af
firmative, while 6,485 republicans and
2,447 democrats are recorded in tha
It is significant that the condemna
tion of the positions of both Mr. Al-
the county jail here against a pos
sible attack by a mob bent on lynch
ing Will Clark, a negro who is under
arrest for the alleged murder of Eu
gene Goudey, motorman of a street
car, and the probabiy fatal wounding
of M. P. O'Brien, the car's conduc
tor. In East St. Louis last Saturday
night. Robbery was the motive of
the murder and assault.
Clark was arrested Sunday after
noon, but the fact was kept secret
and in the dead of night the negro
was smuggled from East St. Louis
to the county jail at Belleville.
Feeling against the negro race was
reported at a high pitch in East St.
Louis all day and the possibility of
a lynching was freely discussed.
Appeal Made for Aid.
Sheriff Cashel, as soon aa he heard
the alarming reports from East St.
Louis, made all preparations possi
ble to protect his prisoner, but the
fear that a mob of irresistible pro
portions might march on the Belle
ville jail from the scene of the at
tack on the car men, led him to
make an appeal to Governor Deneen
to place troops at his disposal. The
readiness with which the governor
sent assurances that soldiers would '
be rushed to Belleville the moment
they were needed has done much to
allay the fears of the sheriff and of
Clark, the negro in jail, has been
identified by O'Brien as the man who
it clear to the president that he wis!
no longer w illing to sit silotit in his of-1
fice in the interior department and
wait for the thing to "blow over."
Mr. Taft, it Is said, reluctantly ad
mitted the disappointment of his hope
that the country at largo would accept
as final his own vindication of Mr. Bal
linger in his dismissal of the charge1
brought before him against the secre
tary of the interior by L. R. Glavis, th3
former special agent of the land offlo.',
and his conclusion that the investiga
tion demanded by both side3 In thi
matter was inevitable.
Mr. Ballingfr's attitude in this mat
ter has the support of leading republi
cans in both branches of congress
senators and representatives who fo?I
hat, entirely apart from the merits .t
the controversy itself, a fostering noiij
of this character must poison the wholt
system of the party In power, and th.it
It Is high time to resort to the lance.
These leaders, determined that t
cleansing of this wound is necessary,
have not hesitated to go to the Whft'j
house and impress their views upon
Hold Several Conference.
Conferences of a confidential charac
ter, in which members of the cabinet,
party leaders in both houses of con
gress and the president himself have
participated, have been held at various
times during the past few days. They
fired the shot that killed Goudey. culminated yesterday, when Secretary
but Sheriff Cashel is not satisfied ' "allmger. Attorney General w icker
with -the identification. because , &ham and Postmaster General Hitch
O'Brien was under the influence of cock met In Mr. WicKersham's nfllre
opiates at the time he saw the alleged nfi proceeded thence to the Whit
murderer in the hospital. j house, where the matter was laid bc-
Belleville was the scene of a lynch- fore the president,
ing several years ago when a mob j Mr. Ballinger told the president, if l.i
battered down the doors of the jail; said, that the situation had become in
and hanged a negro named Wyatt Intolerable to him. and that, though tho
the public square. Wyatt had been constant charges against him had romn
charged with shooting Charles Her- from Irresponsible persons, he could
tel. county superintendent of schools
Troopn Sent to Mas-nolla. Ala.
Selma, Ala. Dec. 21. Troops left
here this afternoon for Magnolia, the
scene of race troubles yesterday.
Texan Qulekly Lynch s;ro.
Rosebud. Texas, Dec. 21. Coke
Mills, a negro, who shot and fatally
wounded City Marshal Williams yes
terday, was taken from Jail by a mob
at night and lynched.
not longer sit supinely by, and. In Jus
tice to himself, he ft It compelled to
Insist upon an Investigation.
(Continued on Page Seven.)
NIGHT RIDER JURY
FAILS TO AGREE
Union City, Tenn., Dec. 21. The
Jury in the night riding case was un
able to agree and was discharged to
day. - - '
MEMBER M.W. A.;
WIFE SAID TO
New Albany, Ind.. Dec. 21. Mrs.
Pearl Armstrong was today formally
charged with having poisoned her
husband who died yesterday. Arm
strong b4 been 111 some time mnd.
it is alles-ed. bean -dnUnis-
terlnai doses of poison last
Thursday. He held $1,000 life In
surance in the Modern Woodmen.