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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. TUESDAY," APRIL. 12, 1910.
HEP THE CENSUS
Official Statement as to the
Origin. Purpose and Uses of
the United States Gensus.
" Taken For General Statistical
Br E. DANA DURAND
Official director of tb censasj
Tttki enumeration of the popula
tion during a census of the Unit
ed States always presents numer
ous difficulties, chiefly the appre
kpcnslon of a large element that their
aswers to the enumerators' questions
rfflV cause Increased taxation, legal en
tanglements or Injurious consequences
to their persons and property.
; la order to quiet such unfounded
fears, which would, unless removed
materially affect the coming census,
April 15 next, the census bureau has
prepared the subjoined brief state
meat relatlre to the decennial census,
Its origin, purpose and uses,
i It should furnish complete assur
ance to those concerned that Informa
tion given the enumerators Is held by
the census bureau in the strictest con
fidence with reference to the Identity
of the Informants, as required by the
policy of the bureau and commanded
by the law of the United State.
It is therefore earnestly hoped that
the clergymen, priests, physicians,
schoolteachers, employers and other
public spirited citizens who come in
contact with large numbers of people
will co-operate with the census bureau
by telling persons, who are believed to
entertain erroneous opinions , of the
census the real, facts, urging them to
Replies to Enumerators Held
Strictly Confidential The In
quiries Are Defined by Gon
gress Penalties For Failure
to Answer Questions.
(April 15, 1910) and the number of
months unemployed during the pre
ceding calendar year (1909), whether
or not engaged in agriculture, school
attendance, literacy and tenure of
home and whether or not a surviver
of the 'Union or Confederate army or
nary and the name and address of
each blind ot deaf and dumb person."
The same law with reference to
agriculture requires that the enumera
tor's questions shall call for
"The name, color and country of
birth of occupant of each farm, tenure,
acreage of farm, acreage of woodland
and character of timber thereon, ral
ue of farm and improvements, value
of farm implements, number and val
ue of lire stock on farms and ranges,
number and value of domestic ani
mals not on farms and ranges, and the
acreage of crops planted and to be
planted during the year of enumera
tion (1910), and the acreage of crops
and the quantity and value of crops
ami other farm products for the year
ending Dec. 31 (1909) next preceding
Census enumerators wearing badges
with U. S. Census 1S10" stamped on
them wlll go from house to house and
farm to farm, beginning April 15.
They are not to beregarded as spies,
detectives, policemen, constables, tax
assessors or officers of any city, coun
ty or state. They are employed by the
I -!'b --i r;"t -ti - " --r R
CENSUS DIRECTOR E. DANA DURAND, THE LITTLE POPULATION
SCHEDULE OP 1790 AND MAMMOTH FORM FOR 1900.
'give fall replies to the enumerator.
iTeachers are particularly requested to
speak of the census to the school chil
dren and ask them to tell their parents
On April 15 la- the present year, 1910,
The census of the United States be
gins. It occurs every ten years. It is
the basis of the distribution among the
states of representation in the nation
al house of representatives. It is also
the -means by which the United States
government .ascertains the increase in
the population, agriculture, industries
d resources of the nation. It is re
fer 7tl constitution and by act
jCeasTia For13tatistical Purposes Only.
The information sought win be used
solely-for general statistical purposes,
it will neither be published nor used
In any other- way to disclose facts re
garding any "Individual or enterprise,
i The census is not, never has-been
end cannot be employed, to obtain In
formation that can be used In any way
In the assessment of property or pur
poses of taxation or the collection of
taxes, national, state or local; for
deportation proceedings, extradition
measures,, army or navy conscription,
compulsory school attendance, child la
bor law prosecutions, quarantine reg
ulations or. in any way to affect the
life, liberty er property of any person,
j It has nothing whatever to do with
the detection, arrest, prosecution or
punishment of any person for any sus
pected or actual violation of a law,
whether of a city or state or the na
tional government or of a foreign na
tion. i Tne census inquiries are defined by
act of congress. The questions on the
schedules are framed by the director
of the census in conformity with that
act. They apply to all persons living
In the United States on April 15 next,
the census day. The same questions
are asked about each person. All per
sons must answer all the questions.
jlhe Questions Regarding Persons.
I The census law with reference to
population requires that the enumera
tor's questions shall for each inhabit
ant call for
i "The name, relationship to head of
family, color, sex, age, conjugal con
dition, place of birth, place of birth ,of
parents, number of years in the Unit
ed States, citizenship, occupation,
whether or not employer or employee
and if employee whether or not em
ployed at the date of enumeration
United States bureau of the census.
They do not represent any other de
partment of the United States govern
ment or any foreign nation.
Hone Affected by Their Answers.
No person should hesitate, neglect or
refuse to answer all the enumerator's
questions. He only asks those neces
sary to fill the schedules which are
required by law. Nothing that is toid
him can in any way be used to the
detriment or damage of any person or
his family or his property.
Replies to enumerators are and must
be held by the census bureau in strict
and absolute confidence.
All the Unite States census officials,
supervisors, supervisors' , clerks, enu
merators and Interpreters before en
tering upon , their duties are obliged to
take a solemn oath not to disclose any
information they, may obtain except to
the census bureau, and a violation of
the United States law in regard to this
oath means a $1,000 fine pr imprison
menf for two years,-or both. In the dis
cretion of the court.
If any adult person refuses or will
fully neglects to answer an enumer
ator's questions or if any person will
fully gives answers that axe false he
or she can be arrested, carried to court
and fined up to $100. Keepers of ho
tels, apartment houses, boarding or
lodging houses, tenements or other
buildings In which persons make their
homes must help the enumerator when
asked or they will be liable to arrest
and punishment by a fine up to $500.
HAS UNCLE SAM
Br WALTON WILLIAMS.
The census man is an interrogation
point on legs. He tells us how much
we have grown in ten years, and the
figures are so astounding that we get
a national swelled head In conse
quence. We could not do without the
census man. The basis of congression
al representation is fixed upon his fig
ures. His labors are supposed to last two
weeks. But for that two weeks prep
arations have been going forward for
years, just as the tabulation and pub
lishing of the mass of material gath
ered win continue for yean more. De
spite the swift electrical adding and
is Worth . it
Afraid to.usebair preparations? Don't know exacflyi what tolo?
Then, why not consult your. doctor ? . Isn't ,yoar hair worth it?
Ask- him if' he' endorses AVer's Hair Vigor 'for tafltaff hah-.
J.-O. Atw fYnrpoTr. Vwl). Ma.
tabulating machines, it will probably
be months before even the population
is known. Close estimates are that
the total population of the United
States, Including Alaska, Porto Rico
and Hawaii, but excluding the Philip
pines, will be in the neighborhood of
90,000,000. It may vary one or two
millions either way, but is not liable
to fan short of that figure. The popu
lation in 1900 was T6,303,387. which
was an increase of 22 per cent over
1890. A like increase would sweU the
total to 93,090,132 this year. But Porto
Rico was not Included ten years ago,
and It contains at least 1,000,000,
which would swell the figures to 94,
000,000. The tide of Immigration has
been flowing into the United States
more rapidly in the last decade than
It did in the decade previous, so that
90,000,000 should be under rather than
over the true figure. The Philippines
would swell this to the 100,000,000
Twelve Earlier Censuses.
This will be the thirteenth census.
The figures for the twelve earlier ones
are as follows: In 1790 the total popu
lation of the United States wrs 3,929,
214, in 1800 it was 5,308,483. in 1S10 it
was 7,239, SSI, in 1820 it was 9.638,453,
in 1830 it was 12360,020, in 1840 it
was 17,069,453, in 1850 it was 23,181.
876, in 1860 it was 31,443,321. in 1870
it was 38,558,371. in 1880 it was 50,155,
783. in 1890 it was 62,622.250, in 1900
it was 7603,387. The census of 1900
Included Alaska and Hawaii, but not
the Philippines and Porto Rico. In
1903 the Philippines had 7,635.426 and
Porto Rico 953,243.
The fear of the cities that the offi
cial enumerators may not count all
the Inhabitants is exemplified by Seat
tle, which has organized a volunteer
band of 200 men to follow Uncle Sam's
agents and see that every straggler is
enumerated. Ten years ago there
were kicks from Chicago, Omaha and
other ambitious municipalities which
thought their ratings too low.
It is certain that New York wfll still
hold her primacy among American
cities and will be well over the 4,000,
000 mark. Chicago will, of course, be
second, with between 2,000,000 and
3,000,000. Philadelphia will hold third
place, with considerably more than
1,000,000. St. Louis and Boston should
be well up toward 1,000,000 each, with
Baltimore not far behind. Pittsburg
will take a long step ahead, as she has
been consolidated with Allegheny and
other outlying boroughs since the last
Child Labor Statistics.
The occupation question applies to
everybody. The census board holds
that the occupation followed by a child
or a woman is just as important for
census purposes as the occupation of
a man. Therefore the enumerators are
told never to take It for granted with
out Inquiry that a woman or child old
enough to work has no gainful occu
pation. It Is pointed out, however, that only
gainful occupations are to be report
ed. By this Is meant any employment,
work, profession or vocation by which
the person working regularly earns
money or its equivalent. The fact that
a person has no gainful occupation is
to be noted on the schedule. If a per
son is only temporarily unemployed on
account of lack of work or sickness or
other temporary reason the occupation
which that person usually follows is to
If a person has two occupations the
enumerator must return only the more
important one that is, the one from
which the person gets the more money.
If that cannot be learned, then he is to
return the one at which the person
spends the more time.
In the vase of a woman doing house
work In her own home without salary
or wages and having no other employ
ment the entry is to be that she has
no occupation. But a woman working
at housework for wages will be re
turned as housekeeper, servant, cook
or chambermaid, as the case may be.
Or If a woman, in addition to doing
housework in her own home, regularly
earns money by some other occupa
tion, whether pursued in her own home
or outside, that occupation will be re
turned. A woman working regularly at out
door farm work, even though she
works on the home farm for her hus
band, son or other relative and does
not receive moDey wages, will be re
turned as a farm laborer. But a wo
man who herself operates or runs a
farm will be reported as a farmer
and not as a farm laborer.
If any child, of whatever age, is reg
ularly earning money, the employment
which ha or she follows will be re
turned, as an occpatlon. This applies
also to a child working for board
away from borne. If any person is
attending school or college and at the
same time is regularly earning money
at some gainful occupation the enu
merators are to return that occupation.
Canada to Have a Gold Coinage.
Minister of Finance Fielding an
nounced the other day at Ottawa that
Canada is to have a gold coinage.
Hitherto there bare been no Canadian
gold coins, but American gold pieces
are by the currency act legal tender.
It Is now proposed to coin Canadian
five dollar gold pieces, and the gold
standard adopted is the same as that
for the American coin Instead of the
English standard, which is fractional
ly Jess in intrinsic value. It is expect
ed that the Canadian and American
gold coins, therefore, will be inter
changeable at par en either side of the
Hugs 8kating Rink.
A new skating rink at Maida Tale,
London, is described as the largest in
the world. It has an area of 89,750
An Effectual Cur.
"She wants to be a sister to me."
Too can easily get her out of that
Treaf her as you would a sister."
Kansas City Journal.
AH the news all the time The Argus.
X; ;r'-,' Jib
Peary's Own Story
Thrilling Adventures in Arctic Hunt- .
ing: Preparations for the Long Night
Here in quick, terse language as vivid and dyna
mic as lightning, Commander Peary describes the
great hunting; the stocking up of game food, deer,
musk oxen, and polar bear; the laying-to of the
Roosevelt for the long winter night amid the ice,
awaiting the Spring and the sunlight for the final dash.
No narrative since Caesar's own book on the
Gallic Wars has contained such graphic detail handled
in so simple and self-revelatory a style. De Bello
Gcdlico is a Latin Classic; Peary's Discovery of the
North Pole, as instalment after instalment appears,
is slowly forming the conviction in men's minds that
here is an Anglo-Saxon Classic.
The Great Millionaire Mill
- The Story of the Southern Pacific Railroad
System and the Great Fortunes Created by It
By diaries Edward Ruuell v
For the first time the true record of this powerful
organization is recounted, giving information from
private letters, court records, etc. Mr. Russell's
minute analysis of the careers of Collis P. Hunting
ton, Leland Stanford, Charles Crocker and Mark
Hopkins throws a strong searchlight upon American
railroad methods; shows how the whole state of Cal
ifornia was throttled; how the ultimate consumer"
has had a staggering burden of debt put upon his
shoulders to increase his cost of living.
The Vast Riches of Alaska
Will the Morgan-Guggenheim Combination Acquire Them or Will They Benefit the Whole People ?
By Benjamin B. Hampton
If you read nothing else in the whole month of April we urge you to read this Alaskan
sensation. It tells the story of the great natural wealth of Alaska in figures that no mind can
grasp. One estimate of the gold, the copper and the coal amounts to $17,079,500,000, and from
this the estimates range as high as one trillion, five hundred and thirteen billion, nine hundred
and thirty-five million dollars 1
Will you and your sons inherit this property? Or will it fall into the hands of the
Morgans, the Guggenheims, the Rothschilds and perhaps other great trusts?
ON SALE NOW
15c a Copy
Any one of these three articles is enough, to cause you to say that HAMPTON'S is The Best Maga
zine in America." But there are a dozen other big articles and stories in the April HAMPTON'S which you
will read and entoy. "The Prodigal Daughter," by Rheta Childe Dorr, author of "What Eight Million
Women Want," is a thoughtful, important, very interesting article on the dangers confronting young women.
John L. Mathews shows how we can add three states to the Union by reclaiming swamp lands.
Exceptional stories by James B. Connolly, Harris Merton Lyon, Catalina Paez, Louise E. Dutton and
others, in addition to the splendid departments of dramatic news, personalities, current comment, etc. ,
Get April HAMPTON'S from your newsdealer at once. He will quickly sell out
CUT BERTH RATES
Interstate Commerce Commis
sioners Hand Down Im
BELIEVED OPENING WEDGE
Action In Special Cases May Be Fol
lowed by a General Readjust
ment of Fifrures.
Washington, April 12. In a re-'
port by Commissioner Franklin K.
Lane the Interstate commerce com
mission has made public its decision
Would be a good thing to
use on the man who lets
his wife slave over the
washboard every week
while he spends on cigars
more than she saves. We
charge only 5c a pound to
take all this drudgery off
the poor wife's hands.
601 TWELFTH 8TREET. OTH
j in the cases involving the rates for
j Pullman sleeping- car accommoda
tions from St. Paul to Chicago, Su
perior, Wis; Seattle, Wash.; Fargo,
N L)., and Grand Forks, N. D.
The report is very brief, contain
ing little more than a statement of
the issues presented, an outline of
the operations of the principal de
fondants and the new rates. The
most noteworthy point In the de
cision is the holding that charges
for upper berths should be substan
tially less than the charges for low
er berths. This differential is im
posed in all the cases brought before
Rat for Short Journey.
The commission also reached the
conclusion that Pullman rates from
St. Paul to the Pacific coast are too
high, the present rate of $12 for a
lower berth being reduced to $10
and the present rate of $12 for an
upper berth being reduced to $S.50.
For a short night's Journey in a
lower berth the commission holds
that the reasonable rate should not
exceed $1.50, while for a correspond
ing journey in an upper berth the
reasonable rate should not exceed
While this ruling of the commis
sion orders reductions in rates which
were specifically and formally com
plained of, It is recognized as the open
ing wedge for a readjustment of
sleeping car rates wherever they ex
ceed the average which the commis
sion has found to be Just and reason
able in these Instances. The Pullman
company, it is stated, will carry the
decision to the courts.
Rock Island People Should Ijearn to
Detect the Approach of Kidney
The symptons of kidney trouble are
so unmistakable that they leave no
ground for doubt. Sick kidneys ex
crete a thick, cloudy, offensive urine,
full of sediment. Irregular of passage
or attended by a sensation of scald
ing. The back aches constantly,
headaches and dizzy spells may oc
cur and the victim is often weighed
down and by a feeling of languor
and fatigue. Neglect these warnings
and there is danger of dropsy,
Bright's disease, or diabetes. Any
one of these symptons is warning
enough to begin treating the kidneys
at once. Delay often proves fatal.
You can use no better remedy than
Doan's Kidney Pills. Here's Rock
Miss A. Webb, 718 Fourth avenue.
Rock Island, 111., says: "When I saw
Doan's Kidney Pills advertised some
time ago. I procured a box at the
Harper House pharmacy. A member
of the family who had been complain
ing of backache and kidney complaint
used this remedy and was given
prompt relief. While I never have
taken Doan's Kidney Pills, I know
them to be an excellent kidney medi
cine and one worthy of endorsement."
For sale by all dealers. Price 60
cents. Foster Milburn company, Buf
alo, N. Y., sole agents for the United
Remember the name Doan's
and take no other.
Saved from the Grave.
"I had about given up hope, after
nearly four years of suffering from
a severe lung trouble." writes Mrs.
M. L. Dix. of Clarksville, Tenn. "Of
ten the pain In my chest would be
almost unbearable and I could not
do any work, but Dr. King's New Dis
covery has made me feel like a new
person. It's the best medicine made
for the throat and lungs." Obstinate
coughs, stubborn colds, hay fever,
grip, asthma, croup, bronchitis and
hemorrbagps. hoarseness and whoop
ing cough, yield quickly to this won
derful medicine. Try it. Fifty cents
and $1.00. Trial bottles free. Guar
anteed by all druggists.
mn Far Drakcoa, Op him,
A I - u L :
the Tbcc rUbil
O wight !
Catarrh Cannot Be Cured
with local applications as they can
not reach the seat of . disease. Ca
tarrh is a blood or constitutional dis
ease, and in order to cure It you must
take' internal remedies. Hall's Ca-
tarrn Guru Is taken Internally, and
acts directly on the blood and mu
cous surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Cure
is not a quack medicine. It was pre
scribed by one of the best physicians
in ihis country for years and is a
regular prescription. It is composed
of the best tonics known, combined
with the best blood purifiers, acting
directly on the mucous surfaces. The
perfect combination of the two In
gredients Is what produces such won
derful results In curing catarrh.
Setd for testimonials free.
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Props.
Sold by druggists, price 75c.
Take Hall's Family Pills for con
stipation. ,, .
Will $50 Pay Your Bills?
If it will, why not borrow $50 of us
pay your bills combine them into one
account pay on the combined account
once a month? We'll loan you $50, more
if you want it. MUTUAL LOAN COM
PANY, suite 411-412, Peoples National
bank building. Phone W. 122. Open
Wednesday and Saturday nights.