Newspaper Page Text
FIFTY-NIIJTH YEAR. NO. 171.
Wednesday; may 4; 1910. -twelve pages.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
TO SAVE BILL
Senators Tackle Long and
Short Haul Part of
WANT MINORITY AID
House Stands With Upper Body
in Declaring Its Inde
pendence. Washington, May 4. The long and
short haul question is receiving close
attention from the senators who hope
to have the railroad bill so amended
as to more carefully regulate alleged
discriminations under the present law.
"Insurgent" republicans are taking the
lead in this agitation and their present
effort is to get a provision that will
receive the support of the democratic,
Most of the democrats favor legisla
tion in the direction of prohibition o
a greater charge for a short than a
long hour, but tl.ey do not consider
tic Heyburn amendment sufficiently
flexible. The Heyburn amendment is
the pending provision and will con
tinue to be the basis of consideration
until something inoro generally ac
ceptable can be. formulated. It is
claimed more than 20 republicans will
vole for the amendment.
Cnnnse Qntekljr Made.
The changing of the administra
tion railroad bill proceeded merrily
yesterday. The senate, carrying out
conference plans, struck from the
measure the trnfflc agreement sec
tion ant section 12, regulating the
acquirement of stock the merger
Eection. This' letter would have per
mitted any road owning 0 per ceut
of another road to absorb it.
In the horse section 7 of the traf
fic agreement provision went out and
the long and short haul amendment,
prohibiting "a road toEargo more
for a short than & long haul, which
was reported originally by the com
mittee on interstate and foreign com
merce, was adopted. Still another
amendment adopted by the house
provides for an investigation by the
Interstate commerce commission of
discriminations and injustices in
Lmtc Only Commerce Cwnrt.
With sections 13, 14 and 15
those relating to the regulation of
security l3sues also out, little will
remain by which to .recognize the
original measure framed by Attor-
ney General Wickersham and ap-!and the the enormous waste 'of In
proved by the president except the' e ,a tne United gtateg tn h
commerce court. And the commerce i , ... .
uwmuiciwo wutk. -nuv i c v u, uneconomic expenditures for war
ious situation at the house-end.
where It was saved in committee of
the whole by a tie vote. The house
Btlll may strike it out, In which event
It would become a conference bone
But there may be no railroad bill 1
enacted Into law at all.
In view of the turn things have
taken, both sides express grave doubt
as to the passage of the measure in
anv form at this session.
ATTACKS THE KING
Called Weak Character and Blamed
- for Acts -Publisher Quickly
London, May 4. The Contempor
ary Review's leading articls contains
amazing, disrespectful remarks about
the king. It says that he disappoint
ed the expectations of the nation by
failing to prevent the rejection of the
budget and blames him for surround
ing himself with gay companions in
ttead of serious statesmen.
It says that he Is a weak character
with little determination and little
Interest in domestic politics. It de
clares that monarchy itself is on
The Times promptly condemned
these expressions, whereupon the
manager of the Contemporary Re
view tried to get back all copies or
the Review and wrote to the news
papers begging silence.
TO BE LESS NOW;
Washington, May "3. In less than
15 minutes the senate today consid
ered and passed the pension bill carry
ing $155,0O0,?W). Senator Scott, In
charge of ' the , bill, stated henceforth
there wonld be a falling oft in the
nmount required for the payment of
pensions. "-. He said 31,0Qp pensioners
tad died last year.
Fair and -warmer tonight, Thursday
increasing cloudiness and warmer.
f Temperature at 7 ft. m., 40. Maxi
mum temperature in last 24 hours, 56;
minimum in 12 hours, 38. Velocity of
wind at 7 a. m., 7 miles per hour. Pre
cipitation, none. Relative humidity at
7 p. m., 43; at 7 a. m., 39.
St. Paul ,. 4.3 .2
Red Wing 3. .1
Reed's Landing 3. -.1
La Crosse 4.2 .1
Prairie du Chien 5.8 .0
Dubuque 6-5 -1
Clinton 6.3 .1
Le Claire 3.5 .0
Davenport 5.9 .1
Nearly stationary stages In the Mis
sissippi will continue from below Du
buque to Muscatine.
J. M. SHERIER, Local Forecaster.
(From noon today to noon tomorrow.)
Sun sets l:rri. rises 4:40; moon riss
:l I? a. m : pin not Mercury visible,
HALLEY'S COMET BULLETIN.
Copyright, 1910, by Frederic Camp
bell.) May 4 Halley's comet rises at 2:43
a. m. today; 2:41 a. m. tomorrow. Sun
rises 4:49. Comet's speed today about
1,737 miles per minute.
Work of Day in Congress
Washington, May 4. Following is
a summary of the proceeding of the
two houses of congress yesterday,
taken from the official records:
SENATE In the senate the traffic
agreement provision and section 12,
dcicJing: with the combination of rail
roads, were stricken from the railroad
bill. The senate also passed a house
biii creating an art commission for
HOUSE The house also removed the
tr.-iflic agreement provision from the
rsiU bill. The house agreed to the long
and short haul clause of the house bill
in the form that it came from the com
mittee except that it provided for an
investigation by the interstate com
mcrcc commission of data relating to
that class of rates.
CAUSE OF H.C.OFL.
. Holds Steep Prices Oue to
Gold and Waste.
LTQQ..M UCH-JlELLQW. M ELAUJisXusBJvies,
Tariff Not to Blame, but at Same
Time Foods Should Be Con
sidered in Revision.
Boston, May 4. A marked in
crease in the world's gold supply and
extravagance and waste, public and
private, are-tke principal reasons giv
en for the high cost of living by a
special state commission which has
been investigating the subject for
eight weeks. The increased gold sup-
nlv 1c piron n a fho nrimarv panto
and national armament, and through
multiple forms of extravagance, both
public and private," is classed as a
Tariff In Not Blamed.
Although arguing that the tariff
is not a contributory factor, the corn-
mission is of the opinion that when
the tariff is further revised, the ex
pediency, of removing the duties on
food products should be carefully
In regard to trusts the commis
sion also feel3 that, while they can
not be held responsible for the pres
ent conditions, constant vigilance
with reference to the action of com
binations dealing with the necessi
ties of life is doubly incumbent.
The commission expressed the
opinion that the tariff should be tak
en from the political arena and plac
ed on a business basis, as in Ger
many. TO RECOGNIZE DIVORCES
New York State Iaw Provides for
Broader Treatment of Subject.
AlbanyN. Y., May 4. The assembly
today passed a "uniform divorce" bill.
It provides for a broader recognition
of divorces granted by other states and
for substsitute service In divorce ac
tions. TROLLEY WRECK IS FATAL
Two Killed and 19 Hurt in Collision
of Freight and Passenger Cars.
Urbana, Ohio, May 4. Two men were
killed, seven people seriousljfjftnjured
and 11 received minor hurts today
when a freight car on the Ohio Elec
tric railway collided head-on with a
passenger car near this city. The
cause of the collision was not definite
ly fixed. The dead:
W. H. Ferguson of Springfield, mo
torman of the passenger car.
M. M. Roark, a passenger from Ur
bana. , x
Miners and Operators Agree.
Terre Haute, Ind.. May 4. Miners
and operators settled their differences
here last night The miners returned
to work today.
Anti-Oral Bookmaking Passes.
'Albany, N. Y., May 4. The anti-oral
bookmaking bill; was passed by- the
senate today. It prohibits bookmaking
"with or without writing."
Says it is Necessary to Al
low President to With
CONGRESS MUST ACT
Executive Visits St. Louis and
Also Attends Couple of
St. Louis, May 4. Addressing the
joint meeting of the Farmers' union
and people of St. Louis at the Col
iseum today President Taft discuss
ed conservation. He declared the
term covered a wide range of sub
jects. Mailt Give Power.
"But as concerns congress at this
time," he added, "conservation re
solves itself Into the necessity of
passing at once a bill which will
give the executive unquestioned
authority to withdraw lands for pow
er sites and other purposes. With
this power in the hands of the 'pres
ident of the Lnited States we can
sit comfortably by and discuss and
devise the best means of disposing
of the great publfc domain to benefit
present and future generations.'.'
Talks to Farmers.
St Louis, May 4. President Taft
arrived here at 8:30 this morning.
Secretary Wilson, met him at the sta
tion. The presidential party, escorted
by n, committee of business men, was
driven to the St. Louis club for break
fast. The president's address to the
farmers' convention was delivered at
11 o'clock. After a drive through the
business section of the city the presi
dent was a guest at luncheon of the
Business Men's league.
At Two Ball Game.
From the luncheon the president
was driven to the National league
baseball park, where he witnessed the
opening innings of the Cincinnati-St.
Louis game. From there he was
T. . 1 IT 1 J . J
wuere me vicveioxiu sua
Honor Theodore Tkomu,
Cincinnati, May 4. Taft wound up
a day of renewing old acquaintances
by appearing at the opening of Cin
cinnati's annual May day festival last
night as the dedicator of the heroic
staue of Theodore Thomas, the first
conductor of festivals and the former
head of the Chicago orchestra.
Handel's choral work, "Judas Mac
cabeus," given by a chorus of 800, by
an immense organ and the Chicago or
chestra, was augmented by 300 boys
voices. Mrs. Thomas and her two sons
occupied a box and heard the presi
dent's eulogy of their husband and
MELON IS CUT FOR
New York, May 4. The American
Tobacco company today declared a
quarterly dividend of 2-: per cent
on common stock and an extra divi
dend of IVz. A quarterly dividend
of 1 was declared on preferred
Physicians Talk Shop.
Washington, May 4. The Congress
of American Physicians and Surgeons
began today the discussion of all the
medieal,"surgical and therapeutic ques
tions on the program of the convention.
SEE PARTY'S DESPERATE PLIGHT;
REPUBLICAN SENATORS SOBERED
, Washington, May 4. Administration
senators announced todfcty there would
be no weakening in their fight with
the "insurgents' and claimed they
would win and save a large part of
the administration legislative program.
This announcement was made at the
conclusion of a conference in which it is
claimed 43 republican senators were
represented. Administration leaders
believe they Tan get some democatlc
support for most of the Taft bills. At
the conference today the political "sit
uation was fully considered. . All sena
tors present agreed that If party mea
sures failed they would have nothing
except "a long empty session of con
gress" on which to go before the coun
try next fall. Party leaders say this
picture "sobered" some republicans
who have wavered on many party mea
sures. President Taft was consulted
over the telephone last night, but until
he returns the program will be incom
plete. Present plans call for striking
out sections of the railroad bill under
which provision would Jyive been made
for financial operations of railroads
and to pass the, measure with the com
merce" court, feature and other sections
against); which no serious objections
had been made. "
Makes Separate BUI. -V
The plan calls for the consolidation
of the traffic agreement orovisiota wU&
JOHN L. BEVERIDGE.
Los Angeles, Cal., May 4. John L. Beveridge, ahe former governor of
Illinois, died yesterday at his home in Holywood.
Beveridge served four years as governor, beginning in 1S73. He entered
.be civil war as major in the 8th Illinois cavalry. He participated in the
battles of Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg and or
ganized the J7th Illinois cavalry of which he was commissioned colonef. He
wa3 mustered out with the brevet rank of brigadier general. In 1870 he was
elected congressman at large and two years later was -chosen lieutenant
governor. When Governor Oglesby was elected to the senate Beveridge suc
ceeded him. He removed to California 15 years ago. .
Kuehne Beveridge, the sculptress, and Baroness Ray Von Wrede, are his
STANDS THE TEST
Dr. Vaughn, State's Principal
Expert, Cross Examined
in Hyde Trial.
SAYS POISON WAS FOUND
Mrs. Logan O. Swope, Last Witness
for the Prosecution, Is Put on
'?c- via AX terflbotri"
Kansas City, May 4. Practically all
of the opening session in the Hyde
trial today was consumed in the cross
examination of Dr. Vaughn, the Inter
rogations being confined solely to in
vestigations made upon the organs
of Colonel Swope. The state announc
ed that after briefly questioning
Vaughn It would call. Mrs.' Logan O.
Swope ,its last witness.'
Dr. Vaughn Found Poison.
Kansas City, May 4.--Dr. Victor C.
Vaughn, the toxiologist, who is regard
ed by the state as its most important
witness in ,tho Hyde murder trial, be
gan his testimony yesterday. -
Searches for poison by him alona
and with the aid of Dr. Walter S.
Hanes, said Vaughn, resulted in the
discover' of the following:
Strychnine in the .-entire liver of
Thomas E. Swope: signs of cyanide in
the stomach, and a trace of strych
nine in the kidneys; a suggestion of
cyanide was found In the stomach of
Chrisman Swope; strychnine in the
contents of the stomach orMargaret
Swope, and cyanide in the capsules
said to have been thrown into the
street by Hyde on the night that he
was expelled from the --Swope resi
dence. - v V- 1
- Sugar Up 10 Cents. ..:
New York, May 4. All grades of
refined sugars today advanced 10 cents
per 100 pounds.
portions of the bill relating lo mergers,
and that part applying to securities of
corporations and their introduction as
a measure separate from the railroad
bill. It is thought Bueh a bill could
be voted out of the Committee. Other
administration measures are to be
pressed by the republicans if they can
increase their number to 47.
It is said the insurgents are not to
be considered unless they come in un
conditionally. President Taft is de
clared to e in complete harmony with
the program. " .
WHEN MR. TAFT
SIGNS THE BILL
Washington, May 4. After 12
years the ill fated battleship Maine
will be removed from Havana har
bor and the bodies Which went down
with the vessel will be interred, in
the national cemetery at Arlington.
The bill providing for such removal
and burial which1 passed the house
OF ILLINOIS DEAD
Government Agents Find
How Stee! Trust
WORKS ITS MEN HARD
Many Employed 12 Hours a Day
7 Days" a. Week for, 122 '
Cents Per Hour.
Washington, May 4. The report of
the bureau of labor upon conditions at
the steel works of South Bethlehem,
Pa., submitted to the senate today,
saj-g 2,322 men- worked 12 hours a day
for 6even days a wet-K. and a large
percentage of these laborers is earn
ing only 12 cents per hour.
Taken From Pay Roll.
Agents of the bureau of labor ob
tained the data in regard to the hours
and salary from the January payroll
of the company. Of the 9,1 S 4 persons
on the rolls 4,725 worked in positions
regularly requiring 12 or more hours
of labor a day on their regular work
ing days. The roll showed 2.62S were
regularly required to work seven days
a week and -for these Sunday work
was not considered overtime.
122 Cents Mlalmnm.
A large percentage of the laborers
worked 12 hours a day, seven days
a week, and earned only 12Ja cents
an hour. Those who worked for 12
cent3 and under 14 cents In January
numbered 2.64. while 1.52S received
14 cents- but under 1G cents an hour.
The total number receiving less than
16 cents an hour (not including ap
prentices) was 4.221. Five thousand
three . hundred . eighty-three received
Ies3 than IS cents an hour. The In
vestigation was one of the results of
a recent strike at the steel mills.
Heply Gift for Kmplnyea.
New York. May 4. The United
States Steel corporation today an
nounced the establishment of a fund
of $8,000,000 for employes' pension pur
poses and will consolidate it with the
14,000,000 fund heretofore created by
Bridal Pair at Kansas City.
Kansas City,. Mo., May 4. Lieuten
ant Reginald A. Owen and bride, for
merly Mrs. Ruth Bryan Leavett, en
route from Lincoln. Neb.; to Jamaica
on a wedding trip, were ia Kansas
City last night and today.
Hunaness Invade Hupeh.
Hankow, May 4. Repojts received
today state . 2.000 Hunanese have
crossed the border from Hunan prov
ince and made their way into Hupeh
province, reaching Tayeh.
Falls Kill Two at Sterling.
Sterling, 111.. May 4. Henry Wi
ser, 76 years old, is dead as the re
sult of a fall from an apple tree, and
James Ginnell is .dead following a
fall in the Central Box Board fac-
LACK OF SCIENCE
Tells Farmers at St. Louis That
Ignorance Leads to Un
METHODS MUST BE BETTER
B. F. Yoakum Lays Responsibility for
High Prices Upon Greed of,
St. Louis, Mo., May 4. That the
farmers are not producing half what
they should because of the lack of
practical education was the explana
tion of the hfgh cost of living prob
lem offered by Secretary of Agricul
ture Wilson in an address last night
to the Farmers' union.
Wilson received a mixed greeting.
A motion that the delegates ' rise
when the secretary entered was vot
ed down with cries, "He is no better
than we are." When he appeared,
half of the audience stood up. while
others shouted "sit down." He was
roundly applauded at the conclusion
of his address. In his address Wil
son said of the high cost of living
that he found that the charge that
farmers combined to put prices was
Educate the Farmers.
He said that the population of the
United States is increasing a couple
of million a year and that, the pro
duction is not keeping pace, the re
sult being that prices have gone up.
Something must be done. Of 14
states in the Mississippi valley, not
one is producing half "the crops it
should because the farmers are not
taught scientific farming. Wilson
said that the farmers must b& "edu
cated. "If I had nothing else to do
I should become a lobbyist in my
state, to demand that agriculture be
taught in every one of the 30 or more
colleges there." The secretary said
also that the young farmers must
be kept on the farm.
Yoakum Hl Middlemen.
Excessive profit-taking by middle
men was the reason assigned for high
prices of foodstuffs by B. F. Yoakum,
chairman of the Frisco system, in an
address which he made yesterday af
ternoon. He declared that the heavy
reductions in freight rates of the past
few years h ad been" absorbed by the
dealers'and not shared in by the farm
ers or consumers.
Better marketing methods were ad
vanced as a means by which farmers
would get better prices for the food
they raised and at the same time lower
figures would be given to those who
buy the stuff for use in the kitchen.
He described the demagogic politician
as a disturbing and 'expensive middle
agent and urged that he be cut out in
the dealings which the railroads and
the farmers should have with each
Farmera Should Organise.
"The most important force for the
welfare of the nation will come when
the land owners of America are organ
ized," said Mr. Yoakum. "This organ
ization is important not only fr the
benefits which will come to the fann
ers, but on account of money which
will be saved by the consumers."
MINGLE WITH THE
RULERS OF NORVAY
Iioosevelts Arrive at Christiana and
Arc Given a Tumultuous
Christiana, Norway, May 4. The
Roosevelts arrived here at 1:15 this
afternoon. A big crowd welcomed the
party. Roosevelt will remain here un
til Friday evening, when he will pro
ceed to Stockholm.
Roosevelt was formally received at
the railway station by King Haakon
and Queen Maud. With the royal par
ty were Premier Konow, Foreign Min
ister Irgens, the president of the
storthing. C. C. Berner, and members
of the Nobel prize committee. The
meeting of their majesties and the for
mer president was cordial. During
the exchange of greetings the band
played American airs.
Great crowds in the streets cheered
Roosevelt as he drove to the palace.
Buildings along the way were elabor
ately decorated, American flags being
entwined with the Norwegian colors.
Said That Xicaraguan Warship Was
Fitted Out Among Supposed
Friends of Kstrada.
.Washington, May 4. It is said
the steamer Venus, "which cleared
from New Orleans Saturday night
supposedly laden with munitions of
war for the Madriz army in Nicar
ague, will put In at Port Belize, Brit
ish Honduras, and change its peace
ful dress of a merchantman for the
war paint of a fighting ship.
, Representatives of the Estrada fac
tion in Washington are preparing to
ask the United States to have war
ships off the Nicaraguan coast watch
State's Attorney VVayman
Says He Has Startling
PRESENT IT SATURDAY
Two Members of Legislature
Anxious to Talk Sangamon
Chicago, May 4. "I have two demo
cratic state representatives who will
give important evidence before the
special grand Jury in regard to the
alleged bribery in the election of Will
iam Lorimer as United States sena
tor," said State's Attorney Wayman
today on his return from, a mysterious
visit to St. Louis and the southern
part of Illinois.
Will Cause S or prise.
"These witnesses will appear before
the grand jury on Saturday and teK
some Important things about the elec
tion of Lorimer," continued Wayman.
"I am not at liberty to give their
names, but I will ssy they are mem
bers of the state legislature whose
names have not been mentioned thus
far in the Investigation. Their iden
tity will be a complete surprise.
"I brought no one back with me. I
left Detective Mure a me of my office
in St. Louis to finish up the work
there. The two men in question will
positively appear before the Jury on
"I consider my trip to St. Louis has
been highly successful. I have nothing
more to say."
Wayman disappeared after the grand
Jury session Monday and did not say
where he was going. It was not
-known here until word came from St. '
Louis last night that he was there.
Lorimer to Be 'Witness f
Chicago, May 4. Senator William
Lorimer is to be a witness before the
special grand Jury probing the big leg
islative scandal. This was the report
that emanated from the criminal
court building yesterday. The Junior
senator was to have appeared at State's
Attorney Wayman's office at 11 a. m.,
it was said, and his visit was delayed
only on account of the absence of the
public prosecutor from his desk. The
fact that Mr. Lorimer had been sum
moned was guarded most carefully by
attaches of the criminal court build
ing and the report that Lorimer was
expected leaked by accident.
Mill Tell Hla fid of Case.
The Junior senator was telephoned
later not to come to the north' side be
cause of Mr. Wayman's absence. It
was said that the senator was to be
given opportunity to go before the Jur
ors and tell his side of the case of al
leged bribery in the election of the
News that Lorimer was to be heard
by the inquisitors bolstered up the
hopes of those who have been figuring
that the confession of Representative
Charles A. White would not stand
grilling by the grand Jurors unless cor
roborated more definitely than it lias
been by the evidence adduced thus far.
Burke la Earaeat.
Springfield, 111., May 4. State's At
torney Burke of Sangamon county is
determined to exhaust every legal
means to bring Representative While
before the Sangamon grand Jury and
a clash between the state's attorneys
of this and Cook county may result If
the subpoenaes of this county are not
On the day that the alleged confes
sion of White appeared in the Chicago
Tribune. Burke wrote the Tribune ask
ing to whom White confessed. Later
Burke Issued a subpoena for White
to appear before the grand Jury here
returnable May 9.
Warmaa Has Them.
Burke now gives out a reply from
James Keeley, the managing editor of
the Tribune, saying that White's con
fession and all his documents had been
taken from his possession by the
state's attorney of Cook county, lie
saj-3 that White is now under sub
poena to Wayman.
SALE OF ALCOHOL
Richmond. Y.. Mav 4. Drastic and
Important action was taken by the
American Pharmaceutical association
today when the convention placed It
self on record as advocating the aboli
tion of alcohol as a commodity of ale
in all American drug stores and urged
the elimination of the traffic la "habit'