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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. SATURDAY. MAY 7, 1910.
CAREER O0jWME: LME:RULER OF'G RE AT BRITAIN
Kins Edward -was 69 years of age,
having been born Nov. 9, 1841, at
Buckingham palace, the eldest sen of
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.
He was named for his father, Albert, -and
for his grandfather, the Duke of
Kent, Edward. He became Duke of
Cornwall at the moment of his birth, a'
title held by the eldest son of the reign
. lag English sovereign for many centu
ries, which entitles the holder to the
revenues of the duchy, amounting to
over $300,000 a year. -When he was
four weeks old. he was created Prince
of Wales and Earl of Chester by royal
patent. The former of these titles
never passes by merely hereditary
right, but Is subject to fresh creation
for each holder. The other titles be
stowed upon Albert Edward were
Duke of Rothesay and Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha,
Prince of Saxony, Earl
of Carrick, Earl of Dublin and Baron
Renfrew and the picturesque one of
the Lord of the Isles.
The ceremony of christening the
queen's eldest son, the future king of
England, was an event of great lm
presalveness. The ceremony took place
on Jan. 25, 1842, In St. George's chapel.
Windsor. The royal sponsors were the
king of Prussia, the Duchess of Saxe
Coburg, represented by the Duchess of
Kent; the Duke of Cambridge, the
young Duchess of Saxe-Coburg, Prin
cess Sophia and Prince Ferdinand of
The prince's first training was under
the direction of Lady Lyttleton. a sis
ter of Mrs. Gladstone, who was gov
erness to the royal children until the
prince was six years old. At the age
of seven his education began under the
tutelage of the Rev. Henry Mildred
Birch, who retired from his position in
The next tutor under whose direction
the young prince came was Frederick
W. Gibbs, who remained with him for
seven years. He then went to Edin
burgh to pursue his studies under a
number of professors."
First Public Appearance.
His earliest appearance in a leading
part on any public occasion was In'
1859, at the laying of the foundation
stone of the Lambeth School of Art at
Vauxhall. After the death of his fa
ther In December, 1SGL he naturally'
became the most desirable functionary
nt all ceremonies in which beneficent
or charitable undertakings were to be
recognized by royal approval. This
work up to the time he became king
occupied a large share of his time and
was always performed with dignity,
tact and patience. Indeed no prince n'
any country has ever personally exert
ed himself more faithfully to render
services of this sort to the community.
The multiplicity and variety of his en
gagements on behalf of local and spe
cial enterprises made a surprising list
and necessarily involved a sacrifice of
ease and leisure which few men of
high rank would care to make.
Among the members of the royal
family the late king was called Bertie I
from his childhood. His father called
him by that name; his mother entered
It in her daily diary long after he had
grown to manhood and become the fa
ther of a large family; his wife called
him Bertie to the day of his death. But
no outsider, however Intimate, ever
dared address him by that name.
The prince's youthful days were
much like those experienced by young
sters of less distinguished birth. In
1853 he suffered from an attack of the
measles, and the entire family, includ
ing the queen and prince consort, con
tracted the ailment-.A second and more
serious illness happened in 1S71, when
he was stricken with typhoid fever.
This ever proved very critical, and the
whole kingdom was sympathetic and
anxious. Prayers were offered in all
the churches, and the latest news from
New Ruler Won
The people of Great Britain are to be
congratulated on their good fortune in
'possessing at a critical moment of the
dynastic succession a man . who can
command their entire confidence and
respect. The British populace have
watched with an anxiety no one not a
Briton could understand the increase
of the royal family by birth and its
decimation by death until all their
hopes have been centered upon the
man who stood next in succession to
Edward VII. and who, with a mere
change of title, would become "of the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and
Ireland and of the British dominions
beyond the sea king, defender of the
faith, emperor of India,", and until as
sumption of the kingly office latterly
known as George Frederick Ernest Al
bert, prince of Wales, etc.
Since the death of his elder brother,
the Duke of Clarence, George has been
the cynosure of all eyes within the
confines of Great Britain and his every
movement has been watched with in
tense solicitude. Of the six children,
born to King Edward and Queen Alex
andra when they were, respectively,
prince and princess of Wales, one boy
died at childbirth, and the eldest, the
Duke of Clarence, died in January, '
1892, leaving three daughters and the
second son. ..
Bora la 1865.
Prince George, after the death of bis
elder brother heir presumptive and
after the death of Queen Victoria
heir apparent to the throne, was born
at Marlborough House, London, June 3,
1865, only seventeen months after the
Duke of Clarence, and was christened
at Windsor the month following. From
his earliest years destined for the navy
as well as preferring it from inclina
tion, George was entered as a : cadet
on board H. M. S. Britannia at Dart
mouth when. eleven years of age, and
in 1879 he and his brother began a
cruise around the world in the Bac
chante. The schooling of the young
princes went on while they were voy
aging, and in 1880 both were rated as
midshipmen, the event being cele
brated by their shipmates in a minstrel
After theix. retijrn . the jtwo .brothers
the sick chamber was waited for morn
ing and night. The prince's recovery
from this long illness was celebrated
with a national thanksgiving on Feb.
27. 1872, at St. Paul's, 13,000 persons
attending the services and many more
witnessing the royal procession from
Buckingham palace to the cathedral.
' Vlalta to Foreign Lands.
In the summer of 1855 the prince,
with his parents and elder sister, visit
ed France. This was the first time that
an English sovereign, actual or pro
spective, had entered Paris since the
days of Henry VI. In 1857 the prince
went to Germany and spent four
months in study at Konigswinter, on
the Rhine. In the fall he continued his
travels on the continent, visiting places
in Germany and Italy. At Rome he
was received by Pope Plo Nono. Spain
and Portugal were next visited, and in
July he returned to England. Before
traveling farther the prince finished
his fifth term at Oxford. His education
was completed at Trinity college, Cam
bridge. In the summer of 1S60 the prince
paid a visit to Canada and the United
States. Everywhere he was received
Popularity as Plain "Sailor George"
were confirmed by Archbishop Tait,
who in bis remarks on the occasion
set forth the difficult duties of a sov
ereign, In the last address of the kind
he ever delivered. "It would be pre
sumptuous to prophesy," he "said,
"what may be the duties or the diffi
culties of a future king of England.
From this time forward your course
of life, which has hitherto been un
usually alike, must In many respects
diverge. You will have different occu
pations and different training for an
expected difference of position. But
brothers united by a true affection may
do much to help each other in all diffi
culties, though their streams of life
may flow apart."
The words of the worthy archbishop
did not prove prophetic, as recent his
tory has shown, for by the death of
Clarence "Sailor Prince" George not
only stepped into the succession, but
was finally married, on July 6, 1893,
to Princess Victoria May of Teck, to
whom his brother had been affianced
less than three years before. The
wedding took place at the Chapel Roy
al, St. James, the Duke of York wear
ing the uniform of captain In the royal
navy and being supported by his fa
ther, the then Prince of Wales, and
his uncle, the Duke of Edinburgh.
Four children have been born to the
royal couple, the heir apparent being
Edward Albert 'christian George Pat
rick David, whose birth occurred at
White Lodge on June 23, 1894. The
three others in sequence are: Albert
Frederick Arthur George, born Dec.
14, 1895; Victoria Alexandra Alice
Mary. Aprfl 25, 1897, and Henry Wil
liam Frederick Albert, March 31, 1900.
Little Prince Edward, the heir ap
parent to . the throne, has already
manifested ; a decided inclination " for
military life and Is considered preco
cious beyond his years. '
- " - Popular Alwaya.
v In January, -1901, the then Duke of
York, was promoted to therank of rear
admiral In her majesty's fleet in an
ticipation - of his purposed departure
on the long cruise; around the world
in the Ophfr. Thousands of beautiful'
gifts were received on that1 eventful j
EDWARD Vn OP ENGLAND.
with boundless enthusiasm. He danced
at a ball given in his honor at Wash
ington, where he was cordially wel
comed by President Buchanan.
The United States indeed was pre
pared to receive him with open arms.
At Hamilton, the last place in Canada
where he made a halt, he had spoken
some kindly words, which awoke gen
uine approval here.
"My duties." he said, "as representa
tive of the queen cease this day, but in
a private capacity I am about to visit
before my return home that remarka
ble land which claims with us a com
mon ancestry and in whose extraordi-i
nary progress every Englishman feels
a common interest."
In 1862, accompanied by Dean Stan
ley, he made a journey to the east, in
cluding a visit to Jerusalem. The young
prince was now of a marriageable age.
Speculation was rie as to who would
be the lady of his choice. The question
was settled in the early part of 1SG3,
when his engagement was announced
to Princess Alexandra,' the eldest
daughter of the king of Denmark. She
was, three years younger .than the
orince and. though comparatively poor.
and in many respects wonderful voy
age. These gifts not only evidenced the
loyalty of the colonists, but were in
many Instances tributes to the great
popularity of the prince throughout his
career. Even when his brother, then
heir presumptive to the throne, was
alive England's "sailor prince" was
more in favor than the Duke of Clar
ence, and indeed his disposition was
altogether different He has the repu
tation of having been rather gay when
popularly supposed to be sowing his
wild oats, but in the main, though
Sailor George was af fimes a bit wild
and boisterous, he was never dissipated
to the extent related of some of his
ancestors in the male line.
Since his marriage he has won the
respect of all classes by his dignified
and sedate bearing on ail public occa
sions, while his private life has been
exemplary. In fact, England may sure
ly be congratulated upon the manner
of man she had in reserve for the royal
succession, and, judging from his past,
his future career will be an honor and
credit t the land over which he has
been called to reign.
New Prince of "Wales
Prince Edward Albert Christian
George Andrew Patrick David al
ways known as Prince Edward di
rect heir to the English throne, was
born June 23, 1S94. He is the eest
of the king's family of six children,
five boys and one girl.
The youthful heir is a fair-haired,
blue-eyed, well-built youth of ex
treme - manliness, one . who gives
promise of developing considerable
mental power. He and the other
children are being reared . strictly,
sanely and simply by the queen, and
they are being brought up to hold
much' of their mother's stern sense
Particular attention has been giv
en to the education of Prince Ed
ward, as befits the heir, although es
pecial care ' also has been bestowed
on the education of Prince Albert
was beautiful and accomplfsbe'd. The
marriage was celebrated in St. George's
chapel, Windsor castle, on March 10.
Ills Danish Wife.
Air England rejoiced over the event.
Tennyson, who had just been made
poet laureate, wrote one of his fine
poems, "A Welcome to Alexandra," on
this occasion. The princess soon made
herself very popular with all classes of
the British public not only by" her out
ward grace of manner, but also by her
virtues and amiability. Her husband
himself always shared in this popu
larity, although the sterner Puritanism
of his potential subjects had often been
shocked by stories of his dissipation.
The Prince of Wales' marriage to
Princess Alexandra was brought about
In a romantic fashion, a photograph of
the princess arousing the interest of
the prince some time before he met his
The princess came from one of the
most remarkable of royal families, one
which has been described as a nursery
of kings and queens. It furnished :i
czarina for the Russians, a consort for
a king of Great Britain and a ruling
Frederick, the second son, who was
born Dec. 14,' 1895.
The only girl in the family. Prin
cess Victoria Mary, universally
known as Princess Mary, is the prin
cess "royal of England. She was born
April 25, 1S97. The other children
are Prince Henry William, born
March 31,: 1900; Prince George Ed
ward, born Dec. 20, 1902, and Prince
John Charles, born in 1905.
WOULD BAR DEFECTIVES
FROM MARRIAGE BOND
Illinois Congress of Mothers Would
Also Have Medical Inspection
and Nurses in Schools.
Rockford, 111., May 7.- Chicago wo
men were elected to all but one office
at the closing session of the Illinois
congress of mothers yesterday, an
Charleston was selected for the meet
ing in 1911. The election resulted as
President Mrs. L. K. Gillson, Chi
cago. First Vice President Mrs. L." D.
Second Vice President Mrs. W. S.
Third Vice President Mrs. Stewart
Recording Secretary Mrs. M. B.
Corresponding Secretary Mrs. C. W.
Treasurer Mrs. E. G. Throckmor
Auditor 'Mrs. Wlliam A. Blodgett,
Directors Mrs. Logan Hay, Spring
field; Mrs. William Peterson, Chicago;
Mrs. W. H. Brown, Chicago; Mrs. Ju
lius Rosenwald, Chicago; Mrs. Lawsoo
Resolutions included declarations for
limiting the propagation of defectives
and habitual criminals, medical inspec
tion and nurses in schools, medical
examination before marriage, and a
home for, epileptic children.
The heart is no island cut off from
other lands, but a continent that Joins
monarch for the Greeks. ;
The affection and esteem In which
the late king was held were never bet
ter exemplified than in December, 1871,
when he was attacked by typhoid fe
ver and for some weeks hung between
life and death. The anxiety of the
public was intense, and the news of
his recovery was greeted with great
Joy. On his first appearance in public
to take part in the memorial "thanks-,
giving service" in St. Paul's cathedral
on Feb. 27, 1S72, the streets' along the
line of his route were crowded with a
After his recovery several years were
devoted to quiet work, though he as
sumed a great deal of the responsibili
ty attaching to the celebration of his
mother's Jubilee in 1887.
Death of Ilia Eldeat Soa.
It Is Impossible not to mention two
notable occurrences of recent years
the baccarat scandal and the death of
the prince's eldest son and his heir, the
Duke of Clarence. The card scandal
came up in the winter of 1890 while
the prince was visiting Mrs. Arthur
Wilson at Tranby Croft. Sir William
Gordon-Cumming, a cavalry officer of
good family, was charged with cheat
ing. It was said that he increased his
stake after seeing that the cards were
in his favor. The case got Into the
courts; the prince was a witness, and
Sir William Gordon-Cumralng lost. The
latter married- Miss Garner of New
York, the daughter of a millionaire,
and retired into private life.
Two years later the Duke of Clar
ence fell a victim to the grip. It was a
great blow to both the parents and a
bereavement from which they never
fully recovered. After the funeral the
father retired to the deepest privacy,
and it was many months before he felt
equal to the task of resuming his pub
Of late years the brief holidays of
the late king were almost always spent
on the continent. He generally traveled
when abroad as the Earl of Chester
and sometimes as Baron Renfrew. A
private saloon carriage which cost $35,
000 was kept at Boulogne for his use.
His trips were exceedingly expensive,
both he and the princess being lavish
in their tastes.
In his love for sports the late mon
arch when he was Prince of Wales de
voted much attention to yachting. He
looked forward each year to the re
gatta at Cowes, where he first won the
Queen's cup In 1877 with his schooner
Hildegarde. He was also fond of bora?
racing and won some of the most his
toric of the English turf events.
Albert Edward was initiated into the
mysteries of Freemasonry in Sweden
in 18G8 and was elected grand master
of England in 1S7J.
Tbe Late King's Tact.
The tact of the late king in social
matters has been apparent all the time
that he has ruled English society with
a rod of steel sheathed, in velvet. No
.prejudices, theories or preconceived
ideas were allowed to stand in tbe way
of his decrees. For example, it is due
to him alone that all the ill feeling to
ward the Jewish race has disappeared
in England and that Hebrews are now
found occupying seats In the house of
lords, when In the early days of the ,
Victorian era a Jew was not even al-1
lowed the full rights and privileges of
ordinary citizenship. Hebrews are also
to be found in the front rank of the
m6st exclusive and aristocratic social
circles of England.
It is another evidence of the tact of
the late king that even his most In
timate friends and associates were"
kept in Ignorance concerning his po
litical opinions. He always manifested
just as much regard and consideration
for Gladstone as for Lord Salisbury.
He was never inclined any more to
ward the Tories than to the Liberals.
New Queen is
Queen Mary, who succeeds Queen
Alexandria as consort upon the
throne, comes to her high state with
an entirely different standing before
the British people than that of Alex
andria when the death of Queen Vic
toria elevated her to the throne.
Temperamental differences which
have kept her more aloof from the
people have prevented her real abil
ity from becoming generally known,
and she has before her the task in
some measure of winning' the love
of a people to whom she is more or
less of a mystery.
HangrbtinrM Enhanced by Grief.
A natural haughtiness and reserve,
enhanced by the grief she suffered
when the Duke of Clarence, King
Edward's oldest son and heir to the
throne, to whom she was betrothed
in 1891, died shortly after their mar
riage was to have been celebrated,
Is the cause of her seeming unpop
ularity with the masses. Those few
of England's statesmen who have
penetrated the trying silence of cold
hauteur which she has preserved In
public declare that she brings to the
throne one of the most profound in
tellects, with which it has been grac
ed and that she has a grasp of public
affairs that will be of great assistance
tq George V.
Ia Not Well Known.
Mary resembles Alexandria In
neither appearance nor temperament.
Alexandria was enormously popular
throughout the British empire; she
was most gracious and charming in
manner and extremely handsome.
Mary, on the other hand, is too little
known by the people to be called
popular, although she is not by any
Neither is she In point of personal
beauty to be compared with the
stately Alexandria. The new queen
is a woman cast in a stern mold, and
the severe cast of her features has
been accentuated by the retirement
which she herself has chosen. Not
withstanding this, she has a high
sense of her great public duties, and
they have ever been performed with
intelligence, with scrupulous fidelity
and neither could claim him as a parti
san. There were few better known figures
around London in the season. In the
theater, on the race course or at the
opera he was a frequent visitor. From
the horse show at Islington, the royal
military tournament or the Smlthfield
show.be Was never absent. As an ag
riculturist he did much to stimulate
tbe breeding of all kinds of stock, and
be was himself an exhibitor to be reck
oned with at all tbe principal shows. -
Short of stature and heavy of build,
the king's lack of inches was always
a regret to him. When photographed
with his wife, he almost invariably
stood on a stool to make him look tall
er than the princess, and tbe grouping
was always arranged to permit of thl
being done without attracting notice.
Hla Ideal Men.
An excellent linguist, proficient in
French. German and Italian and well
able to hold his own in Russian, tbe
late king long and deeply studied for
eign politics. His heroes in British po
litical life were the expansionists Cecil
Rhodes and Lord Kitchener. Many of
his closest friends were colonists, and
colonial ministers have always had a
warm welcome from him. The Impe
rial institute and the Colonial institute,
the centers of metropolitan colonial
life, were largely the result of his en
ergy and enthusiasm.
King Edward was probably better
liked personally in France than any
other European sovereign. Certainly
he showed more sympathy with the
French temperament than ever his
"mother did. Yet the analysis te which
he was subjected by even friendly
writers in Paris was at least as cyn
ical as it was appreciative. One of
them, writing of him as tbe king, said:
"He is made up of antitheses and
contradictions. Physically you know
him a body which ought to hive the
strength of a giant and which has not
lost the gracefulness of youth; a hand
which seems ready to crush and yet
has not always tbe force to squeeze; a
step that is sonorous and yet certainly
does not shake the earth; a small ear,
but one acutely open to the thousand
sounds from the four corners of the
globe; a blue eye, very gentle and smil
ing, whicL behind watchful brows
seems always searching in tbe distance
beyond the visible horizon, but stops
always, on the. nearest objects; a good
THE WIDOWED QUEEN ALEXANDRA
If fw'- u ,
I f t if
u - v ' ' ' il
, r t ' v '
a Woman of Force of Character
With all the retirement which has
characterized her as . Princess of
Wales, there goes a nature of pro
found ambition, mated to a mind of
keen intelligence. It Is whispered
in GreatBritain that she is destined
to exercise great influence over the
reign of her husband.
CANADA'S SORROW SHOWN
News of King's Death Brings Grief
to All in Dominion.
Ottawa. Ont.. May 7. Word that
King Edward had died reached Otta
wa shortly after 7 o'clock in tbe
form of an Associated Press message.
Within half an hour bells were toll
ing the announcement to tbe citizens
of Canada's capital, and expressions
of genuine Borrow were general on
The official news did not reach the
governor general, Earl Grey, until
some hours later, and an extra meet
ing . of, the cabinet council was at
once called at Rideau ball and an
official gazette was issued proclaira-
Queen Mary, Now on Throne
r : ;
indulgent smile on lips ra(befbitteriy
"Morally It Is as physically. This
Improvident man is the most wderly
In the United Kingdom. - Were be not
born to tlie throue be would have made
an incomparable business man. His
punctuality '. proverbial throughout
England. Ho never arrives late, and
he never forgets a social engagement.
The smallest details of ceremony in
terest him. He never leaves a letter
forty-eight hours without reply or
twenty-four hours without acknowl
edging its receipt. All correspondence
addressed to him passes under his
TAFT SENDS SYMPATHY
Expresses National and Personal
Grief Over. King's Death.
Washington, May It President
Taft upon learning of tbe death of
King Edward wrote the following
message of condolence to Queen
Alexandria, which was cabled to
"On the sad occasion of the death
of King Edward I offer to your maj
esty and to your son, his illustrious
successor, tbe most profound sym
pathy of the people and of the gov
ernment of the United States, whose
hearts go out to their British kins
men in this, their national bereave-'
ment. To this I add the expression
to your majesty and to the new king
of my own personal sympathy and of
my appreciation of those high qual
ities which made the life of the late
king so potent an Influence toward
peace and justice among nations."
ARE FOR POSTAL BANKS
Farmers' Rally Resolutions Approve
Various Proposed Laws.
St. Louis, May 7. Yesterday was
"resolution day" at the farmers' rally
here, and a ionp list was adopted.
The resolutions Include demands for
postal savings banks, provided the de
posits be not centralized; for a par
cels post, for restriction of foreign
immigration by a head tax on each
immigrant, for, abolition by congres
sional enactment of dealing in futures,
for restriction of the "white 6lave"
traffic, and for an increased appropria
tion for the agricultural department
lng the death of Edward VII. and
the accession of George V. to tho
CALIFORNIA IS SHAKEN
Fresno, Berkcly, V Italia and Other
Places Report Karth Tremors.
Fresno, Cal., Aiay 7. A 6harp earth
quake shock was felt in this city yes
terday. The vibrations lasted for mor-
than a minute, shook windows onI
caused dishes to rattle. The court
house shook so that the employes ran
out of their offices.
Berkely. Cal.. May ".Earth disturb
ances were ' recorded by the seismo
graph at the observatory of th Uni
versity of California, but their Inten
sity and duration have not yet been
Visalla, Cal., May 7. An earthquake
shock was felt here yesterday. It wai
severe enough to cause dishes to rat
tle, but no damage was reported.
Bakersfleld.' Cal.. May 7. An earth
quake shock was felt here yesterday.
To the ' Honorable Mayor and City
We. the undesigned owners of
sublots one (1). two (2). three (3),
four (4), five (5), six (6) and seven
(7), and lots one (1) and three (S)
In block three (3). and lot five (5),
and sublot seven (7) in block two
(2), all in Fpenoer and Case's addi
tion to the city of Ilock Island, would
hereby respectively petition you ui
authorities acting for the city nf
Rock Island, to grant license and per
mission to Edward Thlertnan to con
duct a saloon under license laws of
the state of Illinois, at No. 1924, on
First avenue. In the city of nock Isl
and, in the county of Rock Island, In
the state of Illinois.
Edward Thierman, 22 feet; Ko.K
Island Sand & Gravel company by
Fred G. Gall, manager, 60 feet,
Thomas II. DetweiUer, by C. A. H.,
20 feet; O. McGurly. 20 feet; Norh
western Beer company, M. D. Roscn
l'cl! knnt-vjl aaniwtr, feet.
All the , news , aU the time Tte
Argus.' ' ' ., '