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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. MONDAY, MAY 30, 1910.
LESSON OF PATRIOTISM IS
TAUGHT BY MEMORIAL DAY
..' Speaking at the exercises at Chlp
piannock cemetery this afternoon, Ber
nard D. Connelly, orator of the occa
"Once again we meet to pay annual
tribute to the memory of our patriot
dead. This is a beautiful custom; the
annual offering of flowers; the yearly
observance of a day set apart in honor
of those who offered themselves that
the nation might live. It has been
6ald that 'flowers are God's smiles.' If
this be true, then how fitting it is that
the bitterness of the tears of men
BERNARD D. CONNELLY.
should be mellowed by the sweetness
of the smiles of God. He who loves j
not the flowers of the field, forest and
glen mourns not the loss of a relative
r.or friend. His nature is affected as
little by the presence of the one as
by the absence of the other. But to-!
day the great heart of the American
people is softened in loving tribute and
tenderness as we pay our customary j
homage to the memory of those noble
men whom history has christened the
boys in blue. Those of you, who are
left are no longer young in years; no!,
the best years of your lives you gave
to the service of your country; your
Get the Best View of
alley s Comet
on the river at the
Tuesday Eve, May 31
Full Brass Band, Pcnty of
Ladies and Children 25c,
Leave Davenport 8:00
Rock Island 8:15
No Moline Landing.
Open for the Season
The Big Cannery
For the Blues.......
Is Happy You Get
It Out Here.
ranks are rapidly growing thinner,
yet your, cheeks glow and your eyes
brighten at the memory of the daya of
'CI to "C5.
"The world never knew a more mag
nificent -army than that which sprans
to the rescue of the stars and stripes;
and you had foemen wo thy of your
steel; the greater the adversary, tho
greater the victory.
Men' Soul. Tried.
"One lesson in particular does this
day teach the lesson of patriotism
love of country. When tne war clouds
darkened the horizon, when the future
was shrouded in gloom, when the very
, foundation of our government was
: shaken by internal dissensions, the
1 love of husband and wife, father and
mother, sister and brother, sweetheart
and lover, yielded to the lore of coun
. try, and the mother saw, perchance
for the last time, her boy start to the
front, he full of hope and ambition,
she praying to God to keep him from"
harm and to have ever before him the
honor of the grand old flag.
' "Those were times that tried men's
souls. We who were born since the
days of that awful conflict have no
! conception of the heartaches, the
! griefs, the terrible suspense endured
by the loved ones at home for their
absent loved ones amid the horrors of
war. Well may you who experienced
I that dreadful ordeal rejoice that the
' cup has passed your lips. So, while
i today may bring to the eyes of the
widow and mother tears that she can
not withhold, there mingles with her
tears of sorrow the lofty feeling of pa
triotic pride, the thought that the sac
rifice was made for her country. All
honor to the soldier and the soldier's
"A few years ago the women of Co
I lumbus, Ga., on Memorial day wreath-
ed alike with flowers the graves of the
I northern and southern soldiery. That
showed a magnanimous spirit, coming
as it did from the hearts of the south
ern women, heavy, so heavy, with
sorrow. The incident has been immor
talized in the beautiful poem, begin
ning "By the flow of the inland river
Whence the fleets of iron have fled;
Where the blades of the grave grass
Asleep are the ranks of the dead.
Under the sod and dew.
Waiting the judgment day.
Covered with roses the blue.
Covered with garlands the gray.
-Sertlonaliam Djrlni? Out.
"Truly, the old spirit of sectionalism
is slowly but surely dying out. Prior
to the Spanish-American war I heard
a gentleman from New Orleans give
utterance to about these words: 'I
hate the word north; I ha'.e the word
south; I hate the word east; I hate!
the word west; I lost a brother shot
to death behind the embattlements of
Fortress Monroe; my father yielded up
his life on the heights of Vicksburg;
yet I say to you of the north, that if
our country needed defenders, we of
the south would vie with you of the
north in springing to her rescue.' Lit
tle did the man who uttered these
words dream that they were so soon
to be put to the test. When the war
j with Spain was declared, the men from
the south responded with enthusiasm
to their country's call. There should
be no dividing lines of north and south,
of east and west, but we should ever
be one entire, united and happy peo
ple. Keep Patriotism Flren II urn ins:.
"As long as we cherish the memory
of our soldier uead, we cannot be re
miss in our duty to our country; the
lessons they instill will serve to keep
burning the fires of patriotism; but,
let us once forget that they shed their
life's blood for the stars and stripes,
then may God have mercy on our coun
try. I cannot believe that Memorial
day. linking the loving solicitude of
tho present with the sacred associa
tions of the past, will lose any of its
reverence, but that it will ever keep
green tho hallowed memory of our
martyred dead. Long after the future
fades into the past may we dedicate
to the boys In blue.
"The roll of the drum of glory.
The flash of the sword of fame;
Tht words of heroic story.
Tho sound of a soldier's name."
WAR TO PRESERVE UNION,
AND NOT TO FREE SLAVE
(Continued from Page Five)
third, by including slaves in the count
of popoulation for the basis of repre
sentation in congress. V
"The constitution was drafted by
learned and able statesmen and pa
triots for the very purpose of provid
ing a representative form of govern
ment. Then, how did this paradox
creep into it; that while providing for
such a government, it recognizes 'the
right to bar one class of population
from any and all participation in the
"To understand this, we must under
stand the situation at the time tbe
constitution was adopted. Slavery was
one of. the chief questions of contro
versy during the constitutional con
vention, and this controversy finally
resolved TLself into this situation: that
it was a ouestion of covermont with
j slavery, or no government. Slave labor
was profitable in the south, therefore
the southern members of the consti
tutional convention absolutely refused
to consent to any form of constitution
that did not permit slavery. This
recognition of slavery then found in
the constitution is tho concession of
the members of the convention, who
decided that it were better to form a
government with slavery rather than
for the north and south to form sep
arate governments, or possibly to form
no government. So they left the ques-
. 1 O . 1 . 1 - .3 . 1- -
I nuu ui siiivtr iu ou viuihtu uui ujr
Divide on Slavery Quetitlon. ,
"As time passed on the people of
the north and south became arrayed
against each other on this question
of slavery and the issue between them
was not so much on constitutional
grounds as on moral grounds. The
slave holder had back of him the law.
The abolitionist had back of him jus
tice and morality. The slavery ques
tion became the uppermost question
before the country. It entered into
every phase of national politics and
each time it arose anew, it was farther
from settlement than before.
And now while this question was
occupying the attention of all, came
a decision of the federal supreme
court, in 1856. that completed the abso
lute degredation of the negro and by
which the constitutional rights of the
slave holder were nailed and clinched,
riveted and padlocked and the key
thrown away. This is the famous case
of Sanford against Scott, more famil
iarly known as the Dred Scott case.
Dred Scott was a negro who lived in
the state of Missouri and claimed to
have been emancipated. Sanford, who
claimed to be Scott's master by pur
chase, lived in the state of New York.
Sanford went to Missouri and there
held Scott for a while as a slave.
Scott claimed that Sanford had no
authority over him and he sued San
ford in the federal courts for false
"Now then, the constitution provides
what cases may be brought in the fed
eral courts and the federal courts have
no jurisdiction in any case not enum
erated in this jurisdictional clause.
Among the provisions of this clause is
this one: that a citizen of any state
may sue a citizen of another state in
the federal courts. This is known as
jurisdiction on the ground of adverse
citizenship. Xow Scott brought his
"BOWL AT IT"
JAP BOWLING ALLEY.
RIFLE RANGE. .
TEMPLE OF PALMISTRY.
FREE MOVING PICTURE SHOW.
NOVELTY SHOOTING GALLERY.
Notea. Death in
Ranks During Year
Since Memorial day, 1909, there has
not been a death in the ranks of the
Grand Army membership in this city
a record said tc be unprecedented
In the past two decades.
Following are the names of old
soldiers burled at Chippiannock cem
etery: John M. Elliott
John W. Newton
Hibbard Moore i
Wm. H. Spencer
Chas. K. Russell
Henry De Santo
J. R. Eberhart
N. B. Buford
W. II. Hodgson
W. F. Jobe
L. W. Padgett
A. M. Crane
J. r. Montgomery
R. L. Jones
Jas. C. Gruwell
M. G. Stanley
Chas. H. Gross
Henry Curtis '
S. M. Swallow
John C. Brown
W. J. Ranson
BenJ. W. Goble
Fred H. Heverling
J. M. Norris
John S. Smith
Wm. H. David
V. R. Mohr
H. C. Cleaveland
N. McCormack .
George Nash .
W. T. Boughton
Isaac X. Barker
W. P. Cochran
B. F. Craig
George L. Allen
I. N. Kirkpatrick
J. W. Graham
I. F. Copp
- W. B. Seymore
E. H. Bowman
George H. Brown
S. C. Plummer
R. K. Ellinwood
John B. Davis
Jacob R. Phillips
John O. Green
S. W. Hotchkiss
Wm. P. Quayle
John H. Battles
W. S. Knowlton
William P. Volk
Louis M. Buford
R. IT. Shunway
H. H. Holland
G. W. Smith
William W. Scott
Marx. H. Harder
C. G. Dack
C. W. Fitzsimmons
The following soldiers were buried
at Calvary cemetery:
W. J. Cochran
J. W. Hull
suit in lhe federal court under this
clause. The defendant, Sanford, filed
a plea by which he alleged that the
federal court had no jurisdiction for
the reason that Scott was an African,
born In slavery and that his ancestors
were slaves from Africa. In other
words, the defendant, Sanford, con
tended that a negro was not a citizen
of the United States even though he
was emancipated from slavery and
that therefore the court of the United
States was not open vto him. This
extraordinary contention was upheld
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PRIVATE VERANDA FOR PARTIES.
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SPECIAL ATTENTION GIVEN TO BANQUETS.
MAGNIFICENT VitW OF ROCK RIVER VAL
LEY AND MILAN, ILL. .
by the "Ourt, and this opinion made
the degradation of the African com
plete so long as the constitution and
slavery existed together.
Fixed Legal Institution.
' "Under the constitution, then, so far
as the federal government was con
cerned, slavery was a fixed and settled
legal Institution in the states and with
such institution the federal govern-,
raent had no right to interfere. - So
far, the north and south were agreed.
Wherein then existed any cause for
alarm on the. part of the south with
respect to its peculiar institution of
"The danger was here. The north
contended that the federal govern
ment had full power to exclude slavery
from the territories. If such a policy
were enforced, such 'territories would
grow up anti-slavery districts and
w-hen they came to be admitted as
V : 7
JUDGE HENRY E. BURGESS.
states, would undoubtedly adopt anti
slavery constitutions. In addition to
this fact, the greater part of the vast
western country that was to be organ
ized into territories and oventually ad
mitted as states, the climatic condi
tions were against the existence and
growth of slavery. With the number
of anti-slave .states increasing more
rapidly than tho slave states, it was
obvious that in course of time, the pro
portion of anti-slavery states would
become sufficient to force amendments
to the constitution prohibiting slavery
anywhere in the union.
"But .inasmuch as the federal gov
ernment had net in any mannei at
tempted to abolish slavery in the
states where it then existed, and had
not in other manner so overridden the
rights of any state as to justify rebel
lion, upon what hypothesis did the
southern states secede?
"They secedec through the exercise
of their doctrine of state rights. South
ern statesmen had long contended that
this union was composed of a compact
of states and that any state might
withdraw from such compact when it
appeared for the best interests of such
state to do so. The doctrine of state
rights were not a mere flimsy belief of
unlearned men, but it was based on
plausible arguments and upheld by the
brainiest of the southern statesmen,
among whom was Calhoun with hi
"Under this doctrine of state rights,
it was not the duty of a state to re
main a member of the union until such
time as the abuses and usurpations of
the government of the union became
unbearable, but tbe question of seces
sion was one of the expediency mere
ly, and to be determined by the s'iate
alone. Doubtless, some men who elab
orated this doctrine could forsee that
at some time in the future, the south
must lea-e the union in order to retain
its peculiar institution, and so kept
this doctrine of state rights in training
to be used for that particular purpose.
Sovereign Power In People.
"Upon this doctrine of state righto
the north and the south took exactly
opposite views. The contention was
of the north, that the sovereign power
was vested in, the people and that the
people had ceded certain of these
rights to the general government and
that such cession of power was irre
vocable so long as the government. In
the exercise of such rights, did not ex
ceed the constitutional limits; tlje con
stitution itself defining the extent of
the grant of power. Th'.a doctrine of
state righto was the lever with which
the south enforced tia demand3
against the north for years before the
war. Tin" north retreated from its
positions time after time to prevent
this threat of secession from being
carried into execution. The One great
object of the people of the north was
the preservation of the union.
"As you know, the liberty of tbe
slave was accomplished directly
through the operation of the emanci
pation proclamation, issued for the
purpose It was, at the time it was, and
by the power it was, is one of the his
torical events that demonstrate the
matchless genius of Abraham Lincoln
and his remarkable judgment of human
"Time and again Lincoln had stated
In his public addresses prior to his
election that he had no intention of
interfering with slavery in any of the
states where it then existed. In the
convention which nominated Lincoln,
the party solemnly bound itself in Its
platform not to allow its action In op
position to slavery to go the least step
beyond the limits traced out by e
constitution. The slave states were
expreEly assured of the most scrupu
lous protection of all their constitu
tional rights, and this protection and
these rights were further defined to
the effect that s.very In the states
Is subject to their exclusive control.
So that Lincoln and his party were
pledged to keep hands off slavery lii
any state where it then existed.
"These declaration were made in
good faith. Furthermore they wer
made for an express purpose. They
were made to prevent threatened se
cession by assuring the south that the
inauguration of Lincoln as president
was not an organized assault upon the
institution of slavery.
South Forfeit nights.
"Xow how did it happen that after
all these declarations that slavery was
not to be interfered with thac the
emancipation proclamation was is
sued? It came about this way: That
while these declarations of non-interference
were made in good faith, when
the southern states seceded from the
I union, they forfeited their right to de-
n:and the -fulfillment of these promises.
They were then at war with the peo
ple who had made tht promises and
were hence subject to all the rules of
"The men who enlisted In the north
did not understand that they were en
gaging in a war to free the negro.
These men were fighting to save tbe
union and that alone. One writer has
said that Lincoln understood the peo
ple he held to a death struggle in be
half of a great republic; and knew
tP.at while the masses would fight to
the bitter end in behalf of the union,
they would not kill their brothers and
spread mourning over an entire land,
in behalf of the negro.
"They were abolitionists at the
north, but all the people of the north
were not abolitionists. Some writers
go so far as to say that at the outbreak
of the war, abolitionism was noi only
unpopular in the north, but was de
tested. We read that early In the con
test, a group of singers were driven
from the camps of the Army of the
Fetomao for singing abolition songs.
Living Principle of (iovernmenc.
" Slavery ceased. The the
ory of the Declaration of Independence
became a living principle of govern
ment and all made possible by the
brains and bravery of the northern
Of all the organizations in exist;
once in the United States today, the
one that demands the highest qualifl-
This Big Park Beats
a "Shot in the Arm"
for Making You Have
a Real Good Time.
E B RPOM F
Nineteen tli Street, South of ll&rpei
High Class Comedies and
Dramas. Vaudeville Be
tween the Acts.
A few reserved at 20c
Meet Me at the Airdome.
VIVIAN GMELIN, Mgr.
The coolest and best venti
lated theatre will be run
during the summer as a
first class picture house, a
place for ladies and chil
dren to come.
Presenting as an extra at
traction for three days,
Oklahoma cowboy fight
with a maddened Spanish
bull. besides 2,000 feet of
new films dally.
MISS HILDA ORTH
Will sing illustrated songs
at this theatre.
Send your little ones down
the only house in the city
or state with a lady mana
ger. PRICE 5 CENTS
cations of its members is the Grand
Army of the Republic. You know bet
ter than anyone else what was requir
ed of you before you were received
into full membership in this lodge
where patriotism and bravery is the
password and the countersign.
"Over this Grand Army of the Re
public still hoers the war god, witu
appetite Insatiable. During the stress
of war he stalked about the battle
fields, his hideous form shrouded in
powder smoke; and his voice was the
roar of the cannon, the roll of the
drum, the shriek of the fife and the
cries of his victims. With his black
firger of death, he touched" the boys
in blue and left them on the field to be
lowered into nameless graves or to
be gathered up after the battle by their
loving friends. Others he marked
with wounds, that he m'.ght gather
them in after the war was ovce Still
others he inoculated with germs of
disease that they might not escape
him. Hp is still picking them up.
Only last year did he beckon with a
command that knows no diobf dience,
more than seven thousand of those
soldier citizens that had escaped him
in time of battle. Nor will he be satis
fied until there Is not one left to
answer the call of t he roll. Then and
not till then, will he gather about him
his robes of destruction end disappear
as other specters of the past have
done. When th3 last veioran Is low
ered into his grav?, the Grand Army
of the Republic will cease to be, but
his record and his memory will rpmain.
The flag will still float in the air of
freedom, and as long as the fia floats,
our soldiers, the heroes of the. repub
lic, will not be forgotten."