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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGT7S, FRID " AUGUST 12, 1910.
If BE IBP
.William H. Hotchklss. Superintend- Investigation of Graft Methods to
ent of Insurance, Is Central Fig- . Set Record. Assert Committee-
ure and Result May Parallel
That of Hughes Politically.
men In Answer to Adverse
Comment on Personnel.
Br JAMES A. EOGBRTON.
EW YORK la to have another
graft Investigation, or, rather,
according to the members cf
the committee who are to con-
ftact the probe. Is to bare the first real,
rate wide investigation In her history.
This Bounds promising. If the probe
. Seat now going forward outdoes the
Hfe, Insurance Inquiry conducted by
Charles E. Hughes, the investigation
Which forced the resignation of Sen
ate Leader Jotham F. Allda and -the
quiz Into fire insurance yellow dogs
carried on by Superintenednt "William
Ih. Hotchklss, it will deserve well not
only of the people of New York, but
f tbe entire nation.
( The present Inquiry la of country
wide interest not only because New
York is the Empire State, but because
It will affect concerns that do a na
tional business that is, it will do so
provided it proves a real and not a
i The general attitude of the press has
heen that it would bo a whitewash
affair. The reasons for this lnipre
slon are not far to seek.
In the first place, the New York
legislature rejected the recommenda
tions of Governor Hughes for a
In the second place, it provided that
ges could only be made on "knowl
thoroughly conducted by Insurance Su
perintendent Hotchklss." "
Can Investigate Anything.
Then he exploded.
"That is not true," said Mr. Toombs.
The committee has the widest lati
tude. It -can investigate practically
anything it sees fit. It could Investi
gate Wall street or" a pause as
though looking about for some even
more improbable subject of inquiry
"it could investigate this desk." We
were sitting at the time near a manag
ing editor's desk, and there was" prob
ably nothing in It to Investigate except
a pair of badly worn shears, a paste
pot, an ancient collection of office dust,
a family of cockroaches, soma manu
scripts waiting to be rejected and a
fine assortment of general disorder.
Any committee that would probe an
editor's desk for graft would search
the Sahara desert for a peach orchard.
In reply to a question as to whether
he thought the inquiry would be a real
one or not Mr. Toombs naturally gave
an emphatic affirmative. Not only so,
but he said It would be the first state
wide graft investigation in the history
of New York, the Lexow investigation
having chiefly concerned the city and
the Hughes, Allds and notchklss
probes having related to particular con
cerns or individuals.
"The Armstrong committee that em
ployed Hughes as its attorney and in-
v : i . i ' t. A Jt. : r.
i-x 'iV-- i,..S' -s.i-.... . . Aist r J
Photo by American Press Association.
HOTCHKISS AND LEGISLATIVE
PKOBE NEW YORK GRA1T.
Mr. Hotchklss In the center. Lower row, left to right. Assemblyman F. R. Toombs.
Charles R. Hotallng (sergeant-at-arms), George M. Shotwel! (stenographer). As
semblymen Young. Colne and Foley. Upper row. Senator Wagner. Walter Mo
ses (secretary). Assemblyman Merrltt (chairman) and Senator Allen.
tdge" and not on the usual "informa
tion and belief." Now. actual knowl
edge of a bribery transaction Is usual
ly confined to the man accepting and
the one giving the bribe, neither of
whom, for obvious reasons, is anxious
j Material For Doubters,
i Another provision that cast sus
picion on the good faith of the reso
lution was that no candidate for office
could be Investigated.
I Still another circumstance that
brought cynical smiles was the make
up and officering of the committee.
Its chairman is Assembly Leader Ed
win A. Merrltt, and its chief counsel
Is M. Linn Bruce, former supreme
court justice and lieutenant governor,
j "Now," said the doubting Thomases,
'however high the character of these
men, they belong to the machine. Can
you expect the machine to Investigate
i So much for the discredit cast on the
Investigation In advance. Now for tbe
other side of the story. To make sure
of getting this at first hand I went to
a member of the committee, Assembly
man Frederick R. Toombs of New
lYork county. . Mr. Toombs. It should
be explained, is a newspaper man who
has been in the assembly several terms.
He is a friend of Colonel Abe Gruber.
Toombs is the man who introduced the
women's suffrage bill and the Wall
street investigation resolution.
To make the assemblyman feel good
and get him started right he was
shown an article in the Review of Re
news reflecting the suspicious attitude
of the press toward the investigation.
He read down to this sentence:
. "With the best of intentions to hunt
out graft the committee Is practically
confined by the action of the legisla
ture to those evidences of corruption
already disclosed by the senate inves
tigation last winter and the probing so
A Mass of Evidence
See Papers Aug. 16
vestlgatcd life insurance was discred
ited in advance, just-as we have been,
he continued. "Even if we desired to
Fmother this matter and to conduct a
whitewash inquiry the press would not"
permit us to do so. It would pound U3
until satisfied that we were seeking in
good faith to disclose the truth."
Will Wall Street Be Probed?
Notwithstanding, his optimism Mr.
Toombs admitted that the committee
had received no charges except anony
mous ones, but did not believe this re
sult was due to the peculiar wording of
the resolution. As to whether the
scope of the inquiry would extend to
Wall street, he said that be himself and
at least one other member would de
mand that it do so, but feared a ma
jority of the committee would not agree
Others concerned in the investigation
have spoken in a similar vein, although
they have not been so specific or em
phatic as Toombs. Senator Wagner, a
Democrat, thought the powers of the
committee "broad and manifold." be
lieved the committee should "encour
age powerful newspapers to aid in Its
Hughes Gives Pointers.
Mr. Merritt, the chairman of the com
mittee, and Mr. Bruce, its counsel, had
a consultation with Governor Hughes,
at the close of which Mr. Bruce Is re
ported to have made the following
During our talk with Governor Hughes,
which was of more than two hours' dura
tion, we were pleased to find the governor
In thorough accord with our plans and
purposes. He gave us most valuable sug
gestions, which It will be our aim to fol
low. It will be my object to make this
investigation as broad as t possibly can
be made under the terms of the resolu
tion which created the commlttM nH
Lvldes for the present Inquiry, regardless
i wnom it may affect, and I trust our
work will result In remedial legislation.
There Is another version of this af
fair, however. It is that the governor
did not agree with Merrltt and Bruce,
but talked to them very plainly about
the demand for a thorough Inquiry.
The only thing certain is that Mr.
Hughes freely gave the committee his
Ideas -and his advice. It is also cer
tain that Mr. Bruce spoke of him as
J"mas.ter..inJet.aer..,'. . Thl3 .esti
mate of Governor Hughes is not con
fined to ex-Lieutenant Governor Bruce,
however. The life Insurance yellow
dogs have the same opinion, for cause.
The members of the investigating
committee are as follows:
Chairman. E. n. Merrltt of St Law
rence county: Senators V. M. Allen of
Rensselaer county and Alexander
Brougb of New York, Republicans,
and Robert F. Wagner of New York,
Democrat, and Assemblymen William
Colne of Kings county, Frederick R.
Toombs of New York county, Frank
L. Young of Westchester, Republicans,
and James A. Foley, Democrat, of
New York county.
The meetings of the body are be,
lng held in the aldermanic chamber.
New York city, a room so familiar
with graft that the investigation
should feel at home. The first regular
session took place on Aug. 2, although
originally scheduled for a week earlier.
Sudden Visits Are Many.
As candidates cannot be probed a
large number of gentlemen seem more
than ever anxious to be nominated for
something. One prominent lobbyist
by the name of Buckley has not trust
ed himself to this expedient, however,
but is making a long and affectionate
Ti3it to his wife's relatives in Canada.
.At least It must be affectionate, since
he sticks so close to them. It is doubt
ful If all the king's horses and all the
king's men could get Mr. Humpty
Buckley back over the border again.
Such an example of devotion, and to
Friend Wife's folks at that. Is touch
ing. Hotchklss had several sessions with
Buckley. They were memorable for
their lack of memory. Buckley es
tablished a now record as the cham
pion forgetter of the world. Re show
ed that he could forget faster and
more completely than any man that
was ever on the witness stand. That
was one reason Governor Hughes
wanted a legislative investigation. A
superintendent of insurance has not
the same memory stimulators as a
legislative committee. For one thing
he cannot punish witnesses for con
tempt or send them to Jail.
Hotchkiss Laid Groundwork.
It was Hotchkiss. plus Senator Ben
Conger and the A lids case, that forced
the present investigation. Hotchklss
did to fire insurance what nughes did
to life insurance. If anybody Is still
in doubt as to what it was these gen
tlemen did, the answer Is "a-plenty."
Several high financiers are living in
Europe on account of what Hughes
did, and at least one politician is living
at home who would have preferred
going to Washington because of what
Mr. Hotchkiss was not born an In
vestigator, but had it thrust upon him.
He lives in Buffalo, which is about as
far as one can get from New York
city and still be In New York state.
At present he is one of about nine
Williams that are mentioned for the
governorship. Sin'-e trying Hughes
the people of New York have developed
a strong. taste for Investigators In the
governor's ofllce. and Hotchklss fills
the bill. William A. Trendergast, who
has also been talked of for governor
recently, declined permission to use
his name and went to Colonel Roose
velt with a plea for Hotchkiss. He
said the colonel seemed impressed.
Yet when a flock of correspondents ap
proached the insurance superintendent
on the matter he acted for all the
world as though he had never heard
of the thing before and seemed agree
ably surprised that he had a boom.
Points In Common With Hughes.
Mr. Hotchkiss was born in 13(4 and
was educated at Hamilton college. lie
has been Interested in the primary re
form movement, in amending the bank
ruptcy law and in the regulation of au
toniobiles on the public highways. He
is author of one legal text book, "Col
lier on Bankruptcy," and has been a
lecturer in the Buffalo Law school and
the Cornell Law school. He has been
president of the National Association
of Referees In Bankruptcy, of the New
York State Automobile association and
of various clubs and bar associations.
Thus ho has at least three points In
common with Governor Hughes he is
an insurance' investigator, favors pri
mary reforms and has been a lecturer
in the Cornell Law school.
The trails blazed by Hotchkiss will
necessarily be followed by the legis
lative investigating committee. Even
If there is not a single charge on
"knowledge" laid before the committee
the insurance superintendent's inquiry
and the Allds case have Indicated
enough corruption to keep the commit
tee busy for many moons. It is not
without significance that one of the
first witnesses before the committee is
former Senator Conger, who resigned
after exposing Aflds.
The wish of every honest man in the
state ithat the probe may go to the
bottom, and this Is true regardless ol
party. Even though without absolute
"knowledge" every informed man be
lieves in his heart that there have been
traft and bribery in Albany for years.
If this committee is In earnest, as Its
members assure us and as we all want
to believe, it has a golden opportunity
for public service. It can not only
cleanse politics in our greatest state,
but its work can become a wholesome
example throughout the land.
Great Tinal Clearance Sale Continues
offering greater values than ever. We are determin
ed to clear out every spring and summer garment in
our store and if low pricing will do it, we will meet
.with success, as we have in a great many instances
cut prices to less than the actual cost of the mater
ials alone. ' . .
Women have attended this sale who rarely at
tend sales of any kind and have been astonished at
' the ridiculously low prices we have marked on this
You will be amply repaid for your time and trou
ble if you attend this sale. .
The SEE HIVE
Cor. 2d and Urady Streets
At Half Trice
Tailored Wash Suits
White Serge Tailored Suits
Tailored Wash Dresses
Pongee Tailored Suits
Linen. Mohair and
Brilliantine Auto and
Pongee and White Serge
Hundreds of other coats,
suits, skirts, dresses, waists,
all reduced to half price.
Reductions of 20 to 33 per
cent on all summer goods
throughout the store.
DEATH LIST GROWS
Mortality Among Infants In
creasing in New York
City and Germany.
STATISTICS START PROBE
Health Department of American Me
tropolis Is Arraigned in Report
by Municipal Bureau.
An Old Resident
821 Farnam Street
Will be pleased to tell
you in person or writing
what' the Neal Three
Day Guaranteed Harm
less Liquor Cure did for
hirru - . - -
A tremendous growth in infant mor
tality has aroused consternation in
New York city. Across the seas a
similar cry comes from Cermany.
The situation in New York led to the
issuance of a statement by the bu
reau of municipal research, which ar
raigned the department of health,
charging that city physicians devote
so much time to their private prac
tice that they are unable to serve the
-Totals Are Alarming.
The report indicates the seriousness
of the situation by citing these statis
tics: "In the first week in June 20 per
cent more babies under one year of
age died than in the same time last
year." says the statement. "The ex
cess during the second week in June
was SO per cent, the third week 10 per
cent, the fourth r.O per cent, the first
week of July 00 per cent, the second
week 55 per cent and the third week
of July 75 per cent.
"The week preceding July 2, when
60 per cent more babies died than last
year, the maximum temperature was
three degrees lower than In 1900, the
mean temperature was more than four
degrees lower and the mean humidity
was seven degrees lowet. In the week
of July, when o." per cent more ba
bies died than t he year before, the
maximum temperature was one degree
lower than in 1000. the mean tem
perature was a little over one degree
lower and the mean humidity was
four degrees lower."
Germany is alarmed over the rise
In infant mortality in the empire,
which now exceeds 17 per cent. Out
of 2,000.000 persons born during the
year 331.000 died under the age of one
year. The highest mortality by king
doms is in Bavaria. 22 per cent. The
lowest mortality, lfi.8 per cent, is in
Trussla. - Of the German cities Ham
burg has the best record, which is un
der 14 per cent. The infant mortality
in the other typical cities is:
English Mortality Lower.
As compared with the British islea
the infant mortality in Germany Is
very high. Here are some English fig
ures for a year:
United Kingdom 10.8
England and Wafes 11.8
In New York, based on the number
of births, the infantile mortality, by
the latest statist ics from the health de
partment, 1910. is about 16 per cent.
The great increase in the price of food
in America has led American doctors
to ask if America Is not In danger of
a deterioration of race due to insuffi
cient nourishment. This would show
first of all In infantile mortality, but
the data would not be available In
America until the end of the present
EVEN ROOSEVELT FALTERED.
Years of Talk In Invitations Ha Hat
Theodore Roosevelt recently received
the two thousand and thirty-fourth in
vitation to deliver an address that has
been urged upon him since his return
to the United States on June 18.
, If he made one speech each calen
dar day it would take him 5 years and
208 days to make 2,0&f of them.
. ,lf; pmrtf' nPr spefiCh V,h wc1',
day it" would take him 6 years and
Roosevelt speeches average about
an hour in length. Two thousand and
thirty-four of them, delivered contin
uously, would consume 84 days and
18 hours, or 254 days and 3 hours If
he observed the eight hour day of the
Public Speakers' union.
Talking at the rate of 75 words a
minute, which is the Roosevelt av
erage, 2,034 speeches would embrace
To print these 9,153,000 words would
take 9,153 newspaper columns and
would make 1,144 pages, with one col
DIVIDED THE MESSAGE.
The Way a Financier's Clerk Extern
porized a Cipher.
When Wall street first caught the
fever for 'industrial combinations"
and began the reorganization of every
thing in sight one of the votaries of
high finance found himself in Chicago
in extreme need of communicating
with his New York office.
He almost completed an arrange
ment for the consolidation of several
western enterprises, but in order to
get the final authority he needed from
New York he must, explain all he had
done by wire to his partners.
There was no time to write. He bad
no cipher code. For a long time be
tried to think out some way to send
the Information so that It would be
plain to his partners and meaningless
to any one else. His secret was a val
uable one and once sent over the wire
might be sold out to his rivals In Wall
street for a large sum.
At last he decided to take tbe
chances in plain English. Accordingly
he wrote the message and gave It to
his assistant to send, naif an hour
later, when the assistant came back,
he asked him If be had sent it.
"Not Just that way," said the clerk.
T ' rewrote It the first word on a
Postal blank, the second on a Western
Union, and so on. I sent half by each
company, and neither half meant any
thing. Then I sent a second message
by one line, saying. 'Read both mes
sages together, alternating words.' "
The scheme was too simple for the
high financier to have evolved, but It
OLD TIME LONDON.
Day When Men In the Pillory
Were Pelted With Eggs.
London in 1700 was a comparatively
small city of about 600.000-Jnhabitants.
the rugh'and ill kept main roads to
which bad been but slightly improved
since Tudor times. The ghastly spec
tacle of many of the trees on tbe South
wark road bending under their burden
of hanged men had Indeed been slight
ly modified, but none the less the de
composing heads of "traitors' still fill
ed the atmosphere about London bridge
and Temple Bar withmyriads of bane
Our Immediate forbears were evi
dently not overparticular about sight!
and smells. They were accustomed to
see men sitting In tbe pillory pelted
with rotten eggs and possibly Included
among their Immediate circle not a few
who had been deprived of their nosea
and ears for expressing too freely their
opinions, political and religious..
The drains were in an appalling con
dition. The innumerable churchyards
were so full of coffins that they often
projected through the turf. Bear and
bull baiting, dog fights and boxing
matches were attended even by royal
ty as late as 1S20. and five years later
all the "dandles" in London were pay
ing high prices to stand In tbe cart
round Tyburn to behold twenty-two of
their fellow creatures hanged for mis
demeapor wrf"' in ni" time lrm'in
be punished with a few days Im
prisonment. London Saturday He
$2, $2.50, $3, $3.50
iu the Store at
For Thrifty Men
OUR Semi-Annnal Clearance Sale
goes on with uninterrupted vigor.
We will keep up the interest to the
finis, for we have added many new offerings at rad
ical price concessions, characteristic to this sale. The
Inducements are out of the ordinary we predict that
tomorrow will be a record breaker and our anticipa
tion will be fully realized when considering that we
are offering such exceptional bargains as enumerat
ed here Read on!
Regular $15 Suits in pure worsted, d 1 A
fancy patterns. 1910 style, now P '
Regular $16.50 Suits, fine all pure wool 1 O C f)
worsteds, nobbv patterns, now P JJ
Regular $18 & $20 Suits, hand-tailored 1 A 7C
pure wool, prevailing fabric patterns, DOW -J
Regular $22.50, $25, $28 and $30 Suits 1 Q 7
The country's leading style productions, DOW
Big Saving in
Including the new Summer 1910 crea
tions. Worsteds, Cheviots, Casslmeres,
etc., in beautiful fancy patterns. Note
Regular $1.95 Trousers,
Regular $2.50 Trousers,
Regular $3.00 Trousers,
Regular $3.50 and $4
Regular $5.00 Trousers,
Regular $6. $6 50 .and $7
; Trousers, now i
See Show Window
2nd & Harrison
Simon & Landauer
Regular 15c fancy Hose, now ....
Regular 25c wash four-ln-hands.
3 FOR 0c
l0c Imported Lisle hose, 8.C
3 FOR 1.00
Regular $2.50 and $3 fine shirts, $1.75
$2 00 Shirts, now $1450
$1.50 Shirts, now f 1.10
Regular $100 Shirts, now 79c
Regular 75c Shirts, now SSc
Regular 50c Shirts, now 3.c
Regular 50c Balbriggan underwear, all
8 FOR f 1.00
50c blue chambray work shirts, 33c
3 FOR f 1.00