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jAN'D A ROT
FIFTY-NINTH YEAR. NO. 272.
TUESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1910.
PRICE TWO CENTS
This Is View of President
Ripley of Santa Fe
HE OPPOSES NEW PLAN
Pessimistic With Regard to Fu
ture, But Unable to Show
Chicago, Aug. 30. In the rate hear
ing today President Ripley declared
himself In favor of the old rule fixing,
rates, "All the traffic will bear" and op
posed to the using of the cost of the
railroad and Its capitalization as a
Takes Pesalmiatle View.
Ripley took a rather pessimistic
view of the conditions and expressed
the opinion the earnings of his road
the next year would not be as great as
.those of last year, but admitted the
business of the Santa Fe last July did
not warrant such a view. Later, In ex
amining statistics of expenditures it
was found $700,000 was set apart for
fuel for 1910, whereas fuel in 1909 cost
$191,000 and In 1903 $158,000.
Give Views Plainly.
"Freight rates throughout the coun
try, but particularly in the territory
west of Chicago, should be raised for
two reasons. The first Is because they
are too low. The second and more po
tent is that the roads need the money."
This declaration, with which E. P. Rip
ley, president of the Santa Fe railroad,
opened his testimony yesterday before
Special Examiner G. M. Brown of the
Interstate commerce commission, out
lined the plea upon which 202 common
carriers in the territory west of Chica
go will rely to obtain an advance of 10
per cent on the rate of 58 different
Ripler the Flrat Witness.
President Ripley was the first wit
ness called. After outlining his 40
years of railroad experience, from
clerk to president, he told why he con
sidered the rates too low.
"The present rates are full of Ine
qualities," he declared, "and they make
the present tariff unreasonable from
the shippers' standpoint and from the
"You say the roads need the money,"
Attorney Norton said: "Do you mean
that under present conditions they do
not earn enough?"
Cannot Keep Up.
"I think that they do not," he an
swered. "Our road is enjoying reason
able prosperity, yet its earnings for 15
years average but 44 per cent upon
Its capitalization. In the last 10 years
the average has been about 6 per cent.
One year we paid 13 per cent on our
common stock, but that was an unusu
ally good year. The roads are not
earning enough money to keep
abreast of the times. To approximate
even meeting the demands of the pub
lie we must have a larger margin to
work on In order to maintain credit
and obtain the necessary money."
DAUGHTER OF EARL
DEAD IN A FIELD
Mystery Surrounds the Demise of
Lady Marjorie Erskine, Missing
Since July 30.
Glasgow, Scotland, Aug. 30. The
body of Lady Marjorie Erskine, the
second daughter of the earl of Buchan,
who had been missing since July 30,
was found yesterday in a lonely spot
on the moor near the historic rock of
Death apparently had resulted from
exposure, as there were no marks of
violence on the body. , The theory of
murder for purposes of robbery was
upset when the clothes were searched,
as a large sum in gold and bank notes
was found in the pocket of the dead
The coroner's physician discovered
that Lady Marjorie's ankle had been
sprained, and a verdict of death from
exposure was returned at the inquest
on the certainty that the young wo
man, unable to walk on .her Injured
foot, had sunk exhausted and succumb
ed after no one knows how many hours
of suffering on the lonely moor. No
cries shf; might have raised could have
been he:ird, as she was found far from
any human habitation and off the beat
en paths traversing the moor.
Joplin, Mo., Aug. 30. Vice Pres
ident Sherman was greeted this
morning by several hundred people
on his arrival here. He visited Webb
City, Cartersvllle, Carthage and oth
er towns, delivering brief addresses
at each place.
Partly cloudy and cooler tonight;
Wednesday, fair and warmer..
Temperature at 7 a. m., 72. Maxi
mum temperature In last 24 hours, 82;
minimum in 12 hours, 71. Velocity of
wind at 7 a. m., 6 miles per hour. Pre
cipitation In last 24 hours up to 7 a. m.,
none. Relative humidity at 7 p. m.,
73; at 1 a. m, 78.
St. Paul '.. .8 .0
Prairie du Chlen .8 .0
ThihiimiA ............ .8 2
Clinton .8 .0
Le Claire 2 .0
Davpnnort .8 .0
Only slight changes In the Missis
sippi will occur from below Dubuque
J. M. SHERIER, Local Forecaster.
(From noon today to noon tomorrow.)
Sun sets 6:32. rises 5:22; moon rises
129 a. m.; 6 p. m., planet Mercury at
greatest elongation east of the sun.
27 degrees 14 minutes, affording an
unusual opportunity to see the planet
for a -week; 6 p. m.. planet Neptune
and the moon In conjunction; 8 p. m..
eastern time, all Jupiter's visible satel
lites on east of the planet. Sun's dec
lination, 9 degrees north of celestial
DERBY DAY DRAWS
BIG CROWD TO TRACK
Interest Shown in Events at Read
ville, Where Uhlan Will Try
to Break Record.
Readville, Mass., Aug. 30. "Derby
day" drew thousands to the Readville
track today for the opening of the
grand circuit meeting. One big attrac
tion was the great Uhlan, 1:58,
champion trotter of the world. This
big gelding, owned and driven by C.
K. G. Billings, was to attempt to bet
ter his own mile wagon record of 2:01.
made this season at Cleveland. The
American derby handicap Is divided in
two divisions, with the aggregate
prize $15,000, two-thirds for trotters
and the remainder for pacers.
In the former division 25 horses face
the starter, while the pacing division
had 21 entrants. The distance was
one and one-eighth miles and the- han
dicap 40 feet to the second. That
meant five horses with the highest
handicap at the 2:17 mark., were 400
feet ahead of the b cratch horses on
the 2:07 mark. Last year the distance
was one-eighth of a mile longer and
the handicap 45 feet to the second.
So Says Chairma n Rogers of Com
mittee of Seven, Regarding
So Says Chairman Rogers of Com
resentative government has ceased to
"The man who trusts a dummy po
litical party is a plain every day fool.
"Our taxing system is one that puts
a premium on perjury.
"The man who holds a public ap
pointive office is a slave."
With these words Walter S. Rogers,
chairman of the committee of seven of
the Peoria conference, yesterday op
ened the Chicago campaign against al
leged corruption in the state legisla
ture. His talk, to members of the City
club, was in the nature of a report of
the committee which has been at work
since the Peoria conference. Accord
ing to Rogers, it is tthe purpose of the
committee to educate the people re
garding the Initiative, referendum,
real civil service system nd corrupt
PILOT WANTS ASHES
THROWN INTO RIVER
Michael Murphy, Vteran Mississippi
Riverman, Males Request
St. Louis, Mo.. Aug. 30. Michael
Murphy, who had been for almost 50
years a pilot on the Mississippi river,
in his will filed here yesterday asks
that his body be cremated and the
ashes cast Into the stream he loved.
Murphy was 75 years old and had nev
er married. His savings from his
small salary will reach $40,000.
TWO FROM HERE PLAYING
Middleton and Baxter in Western
Open Golf Tourney.
W. D. Middleton and A. S. (San
dy) Baxter, instructor at Rock Is
land Arsenal Golf club, are entered
In the western open golf champion
ship tournament, which opened at
the Beverly Country club links at
Chicago. Baxter is counted one of
the most promising professionals
U. S. W. V. Down to Business.
Denver, Colo., Aug. 30. After hav
ing devoted yesterday, the first day of
their national encampment, to the
welcome of their comrade in arms,
Roosevelt, the United Spanish War
Veterans settled down to business to
Fifteen Cases of Cholera
in Berlin and
RIGID RULES IN FORCE
Conditions Improve in Russia,
But Bubonic Plague Makes
Berlin, Aug. 30. Latest estimates
place the number of cases of cholera
in Berlin and Spandau at 15.
Berlin, Aug. 30. Two new cases of
supposed cholera were discovered in
$3,367,685 is spent
Berlin today. One man died last night,
apparently from cholera.
Lm Dlaeaae la Raaala.
St. Petersburg, Aug. 30. The mor
tality in this city attending the chol
era epidemic is lessening. Yesterday's
figures for the capital were 47 cases
17 deaths and 538 persons under ob
servation in hospitals. Eight new
cases developed at Odessa Sunday and
Bubonic Platrne, Too.
Kieve, Russia, Aug. SO. The bubonic
plague made its appearance in this
city for the first time today. One case
is officially reported.
SAUERKRAUT TO BE HIGH
Long Drought Cuts Down the Cab
bage Crop at Fremont, Ohio.
Fremont, Ohio, Aug. 30. Because
of the long dry spell there will be a
shortage to sauer kraut this year.
The kraut factories of this city,
which is the center of the industry,
started their annual slicing yester
day. They report that cabbages are
smaller than usual, and that entire
fields have been destroyed by rot and
the yellows. A rise in the price of
sauer kraut is prospective.
EXPOSITION IS OPENED
Event at Cincinnati Commemorates
lOO Years of Navigation.
Cincinnati, Ohio, Aug. 30. Com
memorating 100 years of navigation
on the Ohio river, the Ohio Valley
Exposition opened here yesterday un
der auspicious circumstances. The
exposition is meant to exploit the in
dustrial resources of the Ohio valley
and the south and middle west.
President Taft pressed a button in
his summer home in Beverly, Mass.,
which set in motion the machinery oi
the exposition. Governors Harmon
of Ohio and Wilson of Kentucky,
made brief speeches.
WEDDING AT ALEDO FAIR
Prospective Groom Required to Put
Up $25 Forfeit.
Aledo, 111., Aug. 30. (Special.) A
wedding will be one of 'the attractions
of the Mercer county fair in Septem
ber, the couple to receive $100 in gold
as a prize. A $25 forfeit has already
been deposited by the prospective
groom, so the wedding will be a cer
tainty, and will no doubt draw a large
TRIES TO KILL;
BUT IS VICTIM
Discharged Special Agent of
Great Northern Foiled in
Crime at St. Paul.
ATTACKS ROAD'S OFFICER
Five Shots Go Wild, Bomb Fails to
Explode, and Be Is Riddled
St. Paul, Minn., Aug. 30. C. P.
Welsh, a discharged special agent of
the Great Northern railway, entered
the office of Chief Special Agent Ray
today and fired five shots at the lat
ter missing him each time. Ray pull
ed a gun and shot Welsh dead.
Welsh was about 45 years old and
had been discharged by Ray about two
months ago for shooting a man at Du
luth, and since that time Welsh has
been expressing vindicative feelings
This morning, before Ray appeared
at his office Welsh walked in and in-
every working day of the year by the
quired of Chief Clerk Hess if there
was any mail. He went away. Shortly
afterwards Ray entered his office and
Welsh returned. As soon as Welsh
opened the door to Ray's office he
drew a revolver and began to fire at
Ray. At the fifth shot Ray succeeded
in getting his gun into action. Welsh
was shot at least four times, once
through the stomach and once through
the head, and each of these two wounds
the coroner says would have been fatal.
T li rrw a Bomb.
Just before he fell dead Welsh
pulled a bottle of nitro-glycerine with
a fuse and cap attached from . his
pocket, hurled it to the floor and stag
gered through the door. It failed to
explode because, the police say, it
was wrapped in heavy paper. Other
wise it would have blown that part
of the Great Northern building to frag
ments and caused terrible loss of life.
SPEECH CAUSE OF
Stockholm, Aug. 30. The official
statement that the retirement of Her
man De Langercrantz as Swedish min
ister at Washington, was due entirely
to his personal wishes, does not con
vince the public.
The common belief is that the rea
son for the diplomat's return Is to be
found in the speech he delievered in
New York in which he is reported to
have toasted the probable success of
the democratic party in the coming
Washington, Aug. 30. Acting Secre
tary of State Adee stated that Mr. Lag
encrantz had not become persona non
grata to the United States and that no
objection had existed as far as tho
American government was concerned
to his representing Sweden at Wash
ington. GOES TO SUPREME COURT
Celebrated St- Ixuis Transportation
Cae Docketed at Washington.
Washington. D. C, Aug.( 30. The
case of the government against the
St. Louis Terminal company and 47
other defendants, mainly railroads
which enter St. Louis, was docketed
In the supreme court of the United
States today. The government alleges
unreasonable charges for transporta
tion of passengers and freight over the
Eads bridge. The circuit court of
eastern Missouri divided equally on
IS SWORN IN
Special Investigation of
Perjury in Browne
DEFENSE NEAR CLOSE
Officers of Pullman Company
Give Wayman Cancelled
Passes of Legislators.
Chicago, Aug. 30. The special grand
jury summoned to investigate the
charges of perjury made by State's At
torney Wayman in connection with the
Browne trial was sworn in today. It
was expected, meanwhile, that the de
government. News Item.
fense would rest in the presentation of
its direct evidence during the day.
Give Over Passes.
John C. Patterson, superintendent of
the Pullman company, and Frank B.
Daniels, its general counsel, who called
on the state's attorney today, are said
to have delivered to Wayman the can
celled passes issued to the lawmakers,
and record of applications made for
Xfr Close of Case.
Chicago, Aug. 30. Counsel for Lee
O'Neil Browne, legislative leader
charged with bribing legislators to
vote for Ioiimer, announced yester
day the case of the defense will be
closed today. "
Pursuing its course along the lines
of contradicting the witnesses for the
state, the defense in the Lee O'Neil
Browne trial reached a dramatic cli
max in Judge Kersten's court when
A. T. Bell, a street car conductor, Iden
tified Sidney Yarbrough, who testified
he slept in White's room in Springfield
on the night of May 14, 1909, as th'
man to whom he was introduced by
George F. Gloss, presumably on that
identical night. In Chicago.
Claim Farther Proof.
This is to be followed up, it is de
clared, by the presentation of wit
nesses who will swear that Yarbrough
left Chicago for Springfield on
the night of May 25, all of which,
taken in connection with the testi
mony of Gloss, the attorneys for
Browne contend, will convince the
Jury that Yarbrough has been guil
ty of perjury.
But as far as the threat to demand
a bench warrant for Yarbrough is
concerned,' no immediate steps will
be taken. Such a move, it is assert
ed, will be postponed until Yarbrough,
gets within federal, jurisdiction.
Federal Inquiry Is Promised.
"We have set our plow deep," de
clared ' Attorney O'Donnell; "this
matter i3 to be the subject of a sen
atorial Investigation in Washington,
when Yarbrough will repeat his
story, and, if he sticks to it, our evi
dence of the falsity of his statements
will be presented. Neither Wayman
nor anyone else can save him from
prosecution for perjury in the United
States courts." -
Efforts were also made by the de
fense to introduce testimony show
ing that White had sought bribes
while in the legislature, but objec
tions to such testimony were sustain
ed by the court.
Attorney Keeps Passes.
The name of every member of the
legislature of the year of 1908 was
drawn Into the trial when several
hundred railroad passes, issued by
the Illinois Central road to represen
tatives and senators, were taken to
the state's . attorney's office before
the trial opened.
The passes were turned over to As
sistant and State's Attorneys Arnold
and Marshall, to whom the investi
gation was intrusted by Mr. Wayman,
declared Lee O'Neil Browne and Rep
resentative White received numerous
passes. Other statesmen received
similar favors from the railroad, he
said, and their names may be re
vealed by a witness the prosecution
will call in the Browne trial. Mr.
Wayman would not make all the
SAIL MAINE HOME
Taft Considers Plans of Firm
That Proposes to Raise
TO FINISH BEFORE WINTER
Believed it Can Be Done With the
$300,000 That Congress Has
Beverly, Mass., Aug. 30. If plans
President Taft regards favorably are
adopted, the battleship Maine, sunk in
Havana harbor 12 years ago, may be
sailing homeward on or before Christ
mas bearing a long-delayed verdict as
to the secret that overwhelmed it.
John F. O'Rourke, president of the
O'Rourke Engineering Construction
company of New York, submitted the
plans yesterday to President Taft.
They pored over them for two hours.
Both were much interested, if not en
thusiastic, when Mr. O'Rourke depart
ed from the summer capital with in
structions to meet the president in
Washington the last week In Septem
ber, when definite action will be taken.
Government to Aid.
The government Is asked to furnish
men, tugs, -and other assistance to co
operate with the O'Rourke forces in
raising the Maine. In this way Mr.
O'Rourke says the work can be done
within the appropriation of $300,000
made by congress. A commission has
been appointed to study the plans and
pronounce Judgment when President
Taft and Mr. O'Rourke meet for the
final conference in Washington.
TO GRAFT CHARGES
Head of State Game Department As
sures the Governor There Is
No "J takeoff."
Springfield, Aug. 30 Dr. J. A. Whee
ler, state game commissioner, in a
communication to Governor Deneen
last night replied to graft charges
made by Robert S. Catherwood, piesi
dent of the Civil Service Reform asso
ciation of Chicago.
The head of the department pro
duced figures and sections of the de
partment's reports in answer to every
charge of the association, with the re
sult that Governor Deneen concluded
the charges of the Chicago society
were false and ridiculous.
Dr. Wheeler staled that no funds
other than the receipts from the de
partment are used in Its conduct.
JOHN BROWN HERO
AFTER 54 YEARS
Osawatomie, Kan., Scene of Fight
With Guerillas, Wrought Up
Osawatomie, Kan., Aug. 30. Not
since 54 years ago when John Brown's
men withstood a force of Missouri
guerillas in the woods at the edge of
the town has Osawatomie been so ex
cited as today where the celebration
of that anniversary began. At least
25,000 persons are expected here to
morrow, the second day of the cele
bration, when Roosevelt will make an
address dedicating to the state as a
park the wooded hillside where the bat
tie was fought. Today a movement
was Inaugurated for a statue of Brown
in the hall at Washington. The ora
tion at today's celebration was deliv
ered by Joseph G. Waters of Topeka.
OF 1VIILITIA ON DUTY
Display of Force Checks Attempt to
Lynch Aegroes at Hunt
ington, W. Va.
Huntington, W. Va., Aug. 30. Three
companies of militia and a machine
gun guard the jail today, and no fur
ther attempt to lynch John Wayne and
Charles Clyburn, negro, alleged mur
derers, Is anticipated. Thirty persons
have been arrested charged with par
ticipating in the rioting of the last two
Chicago Manufacturer Suicide.
New York, Aug. 30. Samuel J.
HirBch, a manufacturer of Chicago,
was found dead in bed. today with
his throat cut, in a hotel. A bloody
razor lay nearby. Hlrsh, the coroner
concluded, committed suicide on ac
count of ill health.
U. S. Supreme Body Does
Not Escape Criticism
DANGER IN RULINGS
Ex-President Deplores the
Breaking Down of Rights
Denver, Colo., Aug. 30. The Roose
velt train with Roosevelt, Garfield, Pin
chot and a party of newspaper men on
board, left for Pueblo at 7:45.
Pueblo, Colo., Aug. 30. Roosevelt
was greeted by a great crowd and es
corted to the public park, where he
made a short speech in which he
praised the work of the men in the for
estry service and encouraged conser
vation. Later he laid the cornerstone
of the Young Men's Christian associa
tion building, and soon after left for
Short Stop at Sprlnfra.
Colorado Springs, Colo., Aug. 30.
Roosevelt was given an enthusiastic
reception here, made a short speech
and resumed his Journey. Roosevelt
declared that the corporations had
rights which should be respected, but
they are not entitled to vote cor" to
own any public servant.
Would Take Front Polities.
"So far as I am able," he said. "I
will protect corporations against
crooks who would blackmail them and
against the visionary demagogue who
would mislead the people by attacking
them improperly. Also, I'll do every
thing in my power to take the corpor
ation out of politics. We want to
break up the connection between
crooked politics and crooked business."
Aapa Supreme Court.
Denver, Colo., Aug. 30. Decisions of
the supreme court of the United States
were sharply criticised by Theodore
Roosevelt yesterday in an address in
the state capitol here before the Colo
The former president cited two deci
sions by the supreme court, which ho
declared, were contrary to the princi
ples of democracy, and he rail em
phatically that if those decisions Indi
cated the permanent attitude of the
court the entire American system of
popular government would be upset.
"I am, however, convinced, both
from the inconsistency of these deci
sions with the tenor of other decisions,
and, furthermore, from the very fact
that they are in such flagrant and di
rect contradiction to the spirit and
needs of the times, that sooner or later
they will be explicitly or implicitly re
versed," he said.
Crltlolara Supreme Tribunal.
"I mention them merely to illustrate
the need of having a truly national
system of government under which the
people can deal effectively with all
problems, meeting those that affect
the people as a whole by affirmative
federal action that those that affect
merely the people of one locality by
affirmative state action.
"I am a most earnest and convinced
believer In exercising the power of tho
nation where that power alone can be
really effective, yet I am no less a con
vinced believer in seeing that the pow
er of the states be made effective
where it affords the best means of af
firming popular rights. Above all there
should be no neutral grouud where,
owing to a conflicting series of legal
decisions, greedy persons can take
One of Five.
Colonel Roosevelt's speech before
the legislature was on of the five that
he delivered in Denver. Everywhere he
went he was greeted bp cheering mul
titudes which blocked the streets, in
terfered with traffic and packed to suf
focation the various building in which
he spoke. The auditorium in which he
delivered his speech on conservation,
holds 15.000 people and yet it was
large enough to seat only a part of
the throng tthat clamored for admis
sion. Addressing the great throng he at
once made a defense of the Garfield
Pinchot policies as opposed to Ballln
ger ideas, but mentioned no names. He
held that the foes of conservation rest
ed their claims on falsehood and de
clared that the kind of conservation
that is being urged Is conservation for
the monopolies. He pleaded for na
tional and state co-operation in saving
the water power sites from the host
IS FELT IN CALABRIA
Rome, Aug. 30. A strong earth
quake was felt throughout the depart
ment of Calabria this morning. The
Inhabitants fled panic stricken Into the
streets. No casualties have been re