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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, FRIDAY, DKCKMHJEK 2, 1910.
w WW VFlsy
The wonder of bak
ing powders Calumet
Wonderful in its raising
powers its uniformity,
its never failing results, its
Wonderful in its economy
It costs less than the high-price
trust brands, but it is worth as
much. It costs a trifle more than
the cheap and big can kinds-
it is worth more. But proves its
real economy in the baking.
Us. CALUMET the Modern
At all Grocers.
HOME MAKING EDUCATION
(An address by Miss Bertha Miller of James M-llikin university to
the students attending the Illinois Farmers' Institute short course in
agriculture, at the Eastern Illinois state normal school, Charleston, 111. )
In discussion of this subject, twojful home-maker. But the lower ani-
juestions will be asked and an attempt mals have these instincts, and are we
M11 be made to answer each. The j going to place this profession on this
Brfet question is, "Does the girl need j basis!
to be trained for the profession of
, . i
home-making?" The second question t
Is, "If the girl needs this training, can i
she get it at home from her mother?" j
In taking up the first question, wp
will all agree that home-making is a
profession nn an pmial with medicine.
with th law. with th- ministrv and ' where th? most complicated expert-' bas to spend?
with teaching. Yet we demand of our ! ,ment8 are constantly going on. Food
teachers, of our minister, of our law-1 has a certain chemical composition
vro and .-.f r.,,r nnioian a hrnart ; whlcn ls changed by the chemical
education for a foundation and then a j
special training in addition. Must we ,
the chemistry of the body, as digestion
is nothing but a series of chemical
changes. This chemistry of foods na
turally leads up to the second science,
that of dietetics, which is properly
nourishing the human body at differ
ent ages under varying conditions.
For example, food fit for the normal
adult is not suitable for the growing
The third science is that of bacter
iology. . There is no class of workers
who should be so conversant with the
life history of micro-organisms as the
women in the home. She must-fight
the ones that cause disease, and she
must know how to use to advantage
the helpful ones, such as yeast in
bread, the bacteria in butter, and in
the making of vinegar. Two subjects
which are based on the study of bac
teria are hygiene and sanitation. It
is certainly the business of the home
maker to see that the members of her
family have healthy bodies and live in
a healthful environment.
Another science is that of house
building, because the house is the
working place of the woman, therefore
she should know the best arrange
ment of rooms, the most sanitary
method of ihe disposal of wastes, and
the most healthful ways of ventila
tion. Savloc I.ahor nail Fund.
Another great branch of knowledge
thnt the home-ma.ker should possess is
that of economics. The economics of
past centuries has treated of produc
tion alone. But when man produces
the money, that is, when he earns the
money, it ls the business of the wo
man to spend it. It must be confessed
that men are generally more business
like In earning than the woman !s in
The subjects that are required of a I spending. In this present day oftbe
trained home-maker can bp classed ! high cost of living, should not the
j under four heads. The first is that of spender of the money of the "home
sciertce. A woman to be a successful i know of the value of money, of tne
I home-maker should know chemistry, j value of the article she Is going to
i because her kitchen is a laboratory, j buy, and of the amount of money she
From a study of the family accounts
of a great number of people, there
have been certain laws deduced, which
agents used in the kitchen. These should serve as a guide to the spend
chcmical agents are heat, acid and al-ier of money in the home. Iu addition
demand this of women in the home?:""' JU oruer lo pare ne ioou, u ; to Demg tne spe.mer 01 mue;,
It has been believed that women pos- niake u fit for the h,lman boil'- she the buyer of the world. Ninety-five
spss an instinct for home-making. ! must now the exact- composition of j per cent of the articles produced in
which suffices to make her a success-!,lle Particular food she is to prepare j the world are bought by women, and
jand the required amount and degree of j yet there exists on the market today
------- ------ heat that will make it digestible. One! the adulterated foofl and clothing and
food may be fit for the human body, , sweatshop work. Is not the buyer re
but combined with another food, a sponsible for these conditions? Could
' chemical compound will be formed she not through her demand influence
that is not good for the body. the supply? Would it not be possible
i The knowledge of chemistry is of ; for her to secure pure, clean food and
j use in a third way, for she must know clothing labeled correctly and made
; mnder sanitary conditions?
What to Eat For
With the approach of- cold
weather the system demands a
substantial food to supply it
with warmth to eombar the
xhllly blasts of winter. "
For breakfast try a plate of
hot pancakes or a dish ,of one
of cereals well Cooked. v
Buckwheat flour, pure New
York buckwheat in Jrt pound
sack 4 0c
I. X. L. brand salf raising pan
cake flour, contains wheat,
corn and rice Scur, a six
pound sack 2 5c
Virginia sweet self raising
pancake flour, package . . 10c
O. P. T. self raising pancake
flour, package 10c
Rolled oats, new, clean, white
oats, free from hulls, in bulk
seven pounds for 25c
E. C. and Quaker Oats,
Tettijohn's Breakfast Food,
made of wheat, each grain
rolled into a flake,
Cream of Wheat, package 15c
Vitos, made of wheat,
Cornmeal, made of selected
home grown corn, ground fine
in 10 pound sacks 23c
package 1 0c
: We have in today a lot of
extra fancy dairy butter. Ju?t
phone us your orders.
F. R. HISCBNANN,
2207 Fourth Ave.
Saturday Will Be
Bargain Day at
700 Twelfth Street.
OM phone West 443; new 5070
2 lbs. of best granulated
susar for $1.00
.Jersey Cream flour in towel
sacks, guaranteed, or mones'
Fresh dairy butter,
er pound 3Qc
New Jersey sweet potatoes.
per peck 25c
Good cooking or eating
apples, per pe-k 25c
per dozen 25c
4 stalks of fine celery . . . 10c
5 bars of Lenox soap ... 25c
lbs:, of navy beans ... 2 5c
Bulk oatmeal. 7 lbs. for 25c
Bulk starch, 7 lbs. for .. 25c
.1 packages of toasted corn
flakes for 2 5c
Best butterine, per lb. 1 7 1, c
" lbs. of popcorn for ... 10c
Kggs. pr dozen 271C
Fresh mackerel. 2 for . . 15c
Gingersnaps and oyster or
soda crackers, 2 pounds
Corn, peas or tomatoes,
2 cans for 15c
Try our Quinby coffee
per pound 22l9C
Phone your order early.
Prompt delivery to any part
of the city.
Nearly 50 Per Cent.
P. and G. The White Naphtha Soap is
nearly 50 per cent, better than any other
That is a pretty big statement; but it is true.
If you analyzed a cake of P.and G. and a
cake of any other naphtha soap, you would
know that it is true.
P.and G. is better than any other naphtha
soap for these reasons:
Because it is made of better materials than
any other naphtha soap, its cleansing power is
Because it is harder than any other naphtha
soap, it will last longer.
5c a cake
and worth it
' In a third way, the woman has eco
nomic importance as the administrator
of the business of the home. Her
time and energy should be worth as
much as that of man. Yet we find
women so extravagant of time and
energy, and so saving of dollars and
I cents. As a result, the kitchens are
' poorly equipped, labor-saving appii
' ances are seldom secured, and differ
ent processes in the home are contin
' ned much the same as they were 20 to
; 50 years ago. Home-makers should
not degenerate into household drudges
; through their misuse of time and en
ergy. Sni'lnlKr an Iiiirfant Kitrtor.
i The third great branch of knowl
edge in home making is sociology.
The heme can not stand alone. It is
!tied no to the community in a great
many ways. The ideals, the stand
;ards of a community, are determined
by tiie ideals and standards of the in
: dividual homes in the community.
The ideals of a nation are determined
' by the ideals of the individuals com
posing that nation. The standards of
right !t.ing must necessarily be deter
mined firet of all by the home, and
i second, by the other institutions, such
ias school and church. We have read
v.v.ch of the decentralization of the
I iome in the large cities. Yet it is go
; in ou all around us in smaller com
munities. If through the fault of mem
! bers of the family, the home has tost
jits attraction, and is no longer the
I best place to the children, then this
jhome is going to pieces. If the home
j represents to the children nothing but
!a place in which to eat and sleep, the
(lives and standards of those children
! are being Influenced from the outside
j rather than from the inside. The true
I home-maker must thoroughly under
I stand the forces which are tending to
i pull her home apart, and she must
meet those force? intelligently.
Art In Home.
In the fourth place, there must be
art in the home. We call the man
who paints a picture, an artist. Now
we recognize that a woman can ex
presh her artistic ability through the
furnishing of her home, and can be
just as truly artistic in doing bo, as
in the painting of a picture. She has,
however, more elements with which
to work, for instance, the location of
the rooms, their size and shape, the
color of" walls and woodwork, and the
design and color of furnishings. With
all of these different elements, she
can make her home beautiful or ugly,
if she but recognize the fact that har
mony of color and simplicity of de
sign are two of the principles that are
necessary. She need not spend a
large sum of money to make her home
beautiful. Many costly homes are ex
tremely inartistic while many homes
furnished with but a small sum have
been made beautiful by the thought
and love of the mother. There is also
art in personal decorations, and a wo
man should not be a creature, a thing
of fads, but a woman using the color
and style of the times to suit her own
personality. She must not fit' herself
to the fads of the time, but adopt the
prevailing style to fit her. Art in the
home would add greatly to the pleas
ure and culture of the human, race.
Mother' Training Inadequate.
Must then the woman be trained
for' home-making? If you agree that
she must receive this training, where
jean she get it? Will it be possible
for the girl to receive it from her
j mother in the home, or must the work
of the mother be supplemented by ad
ditional training? Let the mother be
as thorough in her training as she
possibly can, the girl will need some
thing more, because the future home
of the girl will not be the present
home of the mother. All iastitutions
advance or recede. They cannot stand
still, and if the homes are to develop
and grow as they ought, then our kitch
ens will change with the needs of th&
times. The equipment and furnish
ings of the home will vary. The girl
that is taught to perform certain pro
cesses In the kitchen in a certain way
because her mother and grandmother
did it that way without being told
why, will not be a practical and up
to date home maker. The process may
be good in itself, but in this advanced
age, the progressive woman is de
manding the reason why, and the girl
In "order to be a true home maker, a
broad and developed woman, must
know the underlying principles of
homemaking from the scientific, eco
nomic, sociological and aesthetic
points of view.
Is it possible for the mother of to
day to give this knowledge to the
child? We can Readily see that this
"question must be answered in the neg
ative. When the mother was receiv
ing her training in her mother's home,
the knowledge of the reason why was
not available. It has only been with
in the past 20 years that a science of
homemaking has been formulated. It
did not make any difference how eag
erly she wanted to know why, th --..'
was no one who could tell her why.
But In this age we have schools, col
leges, universities, books and maga
zines, all treating of this subject of
homemaking, the science of right liv
ing. I would not detract from the work
of the mother in the home, in training
her daughters for this profession.
Handicapped as the women have been
by this lack of knowledge, they have
been wonderfully successful Home
makers. However, now, that this
knowledge is available the homes are
going to advance rapidly, and it Is
the right of' every girl to be Justly
prepared for the profession In which
the majority of women will always
True Worth of IIome-Maklnir.
Then let us supplement the training
of the mother by the training of the
school and see that a study of the
household arts is introduced into the
curriculum of all schools where girls
are educated. In addition to the
knowledge the girl will receive in
school by such training, there is one
more important thing she will gain,
and that is an appreciation of the
dignity and true worth of home mak
ing. By our very recognition that it is
a subject worthy of study, will we
place homemaking where it belongs!
Also by the introduction of any kind
of manual work in the school, tbe
girl will gain a-betfer control of mus
cles and an opportunity to apply her
knowledge of mathematics, Hnslish,
economics, science, art and sociology
to the problems of practical life.
Once more the question will be
asked. "Does the girl need to In
trained for the profession' of home
making?" And secondly. "Can she
get this training entirely in the home?"'
iw&ise to Pay
Buys the Best Clotliing
vfnnv "Easr Pavraent Pl'aHs" are offered by
clothing houses with the sole idea of attracting
trade. We do not offer Credit with this idea iu
view we depend upon thp quality and price of
our clothing backed by our reputation to accom
The fact that you can gpt Credit here is not enough
to convince you of the merits of the Clothing.
We Want You to See the Clothing
We want vou to examine it and finally we want you
to wear it, that's the surest way for you to be con
vinced of our claim to be the only reliable credit
clothing house who positively guarantee every pur
chase and if you find any fault whatever with
any suit or overcoat we sell you bring it back.
Suits Scotch Cheviots in fancy stripes . .
Suits Ail-Wool Worsteds and Cheviots . .
Rain Coats Plain or Presto Collars . . .
Overcoats Middle weight, grays, browns, etc
Clothes made to look well for the moment and
betray their worthlessness soon after wearing are
best let alone. A certain standard of merit is
required of every piece of material before it is made
up into our suits that we offer you.
Come In and See Our Snappy Clothes
Fresh fabrics, pleasing lines, natural shoulders
all the result of painstaking selection of materials
and thorough tailoring.
, I if jm
62 m x
. 12M up
The Peonies Store
h oiy-jtfi tiuui si. j
jm . - - . , ' '!
GROWTH OF THIS
13.-.0 0,93 8
1 S T, 0 21.005
The annual meeting of the stock
holders of the Central Trust &. Sav
ings bank of Rock Island. III., will be
held at their banking house Monday,
Dec. o. 1910, at 3:30 o'clock p. m.. for
the election of directors and ;he trans
action of such other business as may
properly come before them.
II. B. SIMMON, C!hier.
H. E. Casteel, Tresident.
Itock Klaml Has Made Cood Ilealtliy
Increase Kvery Dermic Since
1 s s
1 '.' 0 1
1 0 1 0
2 ft, 783
70. J0 J
4,3 2 8
13 3 3
I been a manufacturing developmen
i the growth has been large.
It may be interesting to note the
growth in population, by decides, of
Rock Island county since IS 10. The
census of that year showed a popu
lation of 2,6 10. Today its popula
tion is 70.404. Tiie population by
de.-ades is as follows:
That the gain durins the next de
cade will be greater than during the
la.-t de.v;ule goes without savin?.
There are many sources of increase
in population and among them is the
growth in manufacturing industries.
Durir.fr ':he last .10 years 62 out of
tli? total of 1"2 counties in the
sii:te. slowed a reduction. The ru
ral counties were hit harde.-t, but
even some of those wbieh hate good
sfted cities were also hit hard. But.
in every instance, where there has
Licensed to Wed.
'Thomas G. Nixon .... I)iidon. Cr.n.ida
.Miss Anna 1. Stevenson . Kockw t-11. la.
i Clyde Bronson Cuba. 111.
! M's Daisy Bartlett Cuba, IU.
Henry Tomlinson Cab!"
Miss Klotence Stone Sheirard
If jou are suffering from blllousneKi.,
cons. pation. Indigestion, chronic heau
arh, fnvest one cent in a postal card,
send to Chamberlain Medicine Co,
Des Moines, Iowa, with your name
and 3'1'iiess plainly on the back, and
i they a ill forward you a free sample o'
j Chaniberlaln"s stomach and liver tab
(lets. Sold by all druggists.
If you want to take advantage of this sale you'll have to hurry, we have priced everything so low that the i
entire stock is found to be closed out m short order, nothing is reserved. All fixtures tor sale.
$20,000 Worfli of Men's, Women's and Children's
Clothing at One-Half Price and Less
Remember this building is coming down, and we are forced to get out, we must sell at all hazards no matter
how great the loss, every dollar's worth of goods bought for this season's selling.
Ladies' $20 Suits and Coats
in all colors, cut to
Children's $2.50 Boar Skin Coats, fQ
reduced to tJJJL.V)
Men's Suits and Overcoats,
bought to sell for $20, now
Man's Handsome 60c Neckwear
in all new shades
Ladles $10 Suits and Cents. In all
colors, now cut to
Ladies' $5 Dress Skirts, very
newest winter styles, cut to. . . .
Ladies' 75c and $1 Tailored Waists,
to close out quick at
Ladies' $5 Silk Waists in black AO
and colors, newest styles, now. . )au0
Ladles regular $1.00 long Kimonos,
made of Flannel Plushe, at
Ladles' regular 69c Flannelette
fitted Dressing Sacques
Ladies' $3.00 Coney Fur Scarfs,
now marked down to
Ladles $10 Set of Furs, pillow
muff and perline scarf, at . . ,
Ladies' fine Dre s Hats, worth up
to $7.00, your choice now at ...
Ladies' fine Petticoats In Sateen or
Flannelette, 51.00 values at.
Ladies' heavy fleeced ribbed Vests
and Drawers, In all sizes, at ....
Ladies' extra fine 75c Union Suits,
one bis lot to go at
Girls' fine Tailored Dresses, worth
$1.50, are now selling at
Misses' $10 Tailored Suits, ages
11 to 13, Boing now at ....
Children's Bear Skin Hoods, 39c
values, special now at
Men's regular $15 Suits and fine
O'Coats row marked at ,
Men's $10 heavy Winter Suits
and O'Coats, all golnc; now at.,
Men's gcod serviceable $7 Suits
marked to close out at
Men's regular $2 Shoes, bluc'ner (J- QQ
style, going now at J)JL07
Men's very fine $3 Sunday Pants, fr-i QQ
in all wool materials J)JL0
Men's newest style 1910 Hats, worth QQ
up to $2.00, all going at wOt
Men's heavy 75c silver fleeced
Underwear, now cut to ,
Men's fine 25c grade Wool Socks,
now offered 2 pair for
Men's fine $3 grade Wool Sweater
Coats In all sizes, cut to
Heavy blue Chambray Work Shirts,
with collars, reduced to
Men's fancy 75c Dress Shirts, plain
or pleated bosoms, now at
Boyt' heavy $3 Winter Suits and
Overcoats, all sizes, and only. . ,
Boys' regular 75c silver fleeced
Union Suits of fine quality
Boys' S1.C0 Wool Knlcker Pants, In
a variety of patterns, at
Boys' Sweater Coatc, heavy 50c
kind, now cut down to
Boys' blue flannel blouse Waists.
in all sizes, cow at
I HOME OF REAL BARGAINS.
Mf r W TIT w