Newspaper Page Text
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, MONDAY. MAUCH 6, 1911.
fortification Advocates Argue
Lack of Guns Might Cause
Building Nation Huge
Damage In Case
By JAMES A. EDGERTON.
THE completion of the Panama
j cacni at. our (lours is brought
R startiingly pear by the designa
tion of San Francisco as the
city In which to hold the canal exposi
tion and by the discussion as r forti
fying the ti ditch. Colonel Theodore
Looseveit says that fortification is op
posed by some "worthy i.id.es of both
Among these "worthy ladies" are for-
naer Secretary of State Kiebr.rd Olney.
William Dean ITowells. President Jor
dan of Stanford university and Presi
lcDt Faunce'of li-own. United States
1 'istrict Jude Ho t. P.ishop Anderson
f the Eptscopr.l church, Jane Addams
of Rnil House. Governor P.aldwin of
Connecticut, f General .1. Warren Refer,
General Sherwood. n":her representa
tive. Meth'Kllst iiiiniT-r5 in Cincinnati
fad elsewhere. rf'K0 Quakers, more
or less: various peace societies, two or
tfree New York tiewspn per ar,d a
e umber of sr;;itors nnd rersnta-tiv-s.
1 itit :;st hovr maiij nobody
nee ais to l;r.fr.
On r!,e .'iiie rif forifi?at'oTis pre ar-
rayed President T:ift, Colonel Roos (
r.FiTNsrs at cnr.oN.
rrA.;s for Tin: hefkxsfs
veH. W. R. TIer.rt and a vnt rrmy of
American newspapers. pi:l..!: officials,
merijliers of lxt li ho::s;-s of consrress
find Atrerifan iliens of t!ie i l:i f ti
voting variety, nobody kuowing just
Low many there r.ie of these either.
ISofh sides claim pub;ic ser.'iment.
lifter the manner of factions in this
land of the free. rl l:e division is not
j.arti'j.tn one. sitn-e tlie m-'nority leip'.er
.f the seuate introduced t':e resolution
favori:i?r fyr:i::rut:'n-i Neither is it
MH-tnri:;!. tis many miiisters oiipost
liuildinf: f ::ts and others iiut as sto'jt
iy favor it. Nor is it a d vision be
tween those who ar for i':ire :'.r.d
those niiinst il. siri'-e Pr's.d"nt Taft
is something of n je.u e r.il v.x ate. and
Andrew Caruegie. who :s f..r peace
with his whole tje:i; :':-.(l $!i.i'K.ict(.).
is a believer in fortif;r.i t!;e oat.nl.
Forei?Ti Opinic.i Divided.
Fore:"tiers nre ;uire as much divided
n the i.juestiou as otirselves. Those in
responsible positions have, of eo':rse.
refrained from ooinmer.t. but others
have ttot tH'en under t;ke restraint. Of
fiitse a number hold that it is our
rijrlit and dt'ty to jr otevt our own
rrMrty. Others insist th:it our b-st
uardii'g the gr.-Mt water-
VST would be f!m
;!'e canal itself
r:,!. Possibly they
utri-eement. ieavii.g ;
oven to the whole v,-or
think we should carry
lty a point further r-d t'ot charge tolls.
On the same principle a fanner
should not put i:p fences, hut should
depeud on a tilirLborhood agreement
to keep the c:i;!!e ii:t of Lis corn and
if he had any crop left should give it
eway. The great artrnrnt against
fortifying the Pnnania cnnrl is that
England has net fortified 'he Suez
canal. Vet England Iims aiup'y forti
fed (Gibraltar, w'.ilch cu:irds the en
trance to the Mediterranean sea r.nd
thus commands the approach to the
Another argument rpninst fort'f.ra
tior.s is that K is physually imposs:T;e
t protect the Pr.nama canal by such
ine::us. Some guns now l;ave a range
of nearly twenty miles ar?d th c:ina!
locks are in su.h .n exr-ost-Kl position
that they cr.c te shot at from far out
r.t sea and from several points alone
the eost. Ships cou'd thus keep cut
of siht of th? forts aud still do orecu
tiou against the canal. Even if sight
ed they would be in motion, thus bing
difficult to hit, while the canal locks
would offer a stntionarr target. This
line of reasoning would imrly that
where tfcere cannot be complete pro
tection there should be ror.e at all.
A ivocates of fortiScatlons Insist that
JUDGE FOUND DEAD IN BED13 years- was rouEd dead 111 fced to-;circuit court is dead, aged 56. Forj
dav at his residence. He served two seven years he was federal district i
Charles Brown Lore Had Been Head terms in congress beginning in 18S2.;ue d.1for, jX f ,ne cf the J
of Delaware Conrt for 15 Year. Judges of the ederal circuit court, j
Wilmington. Del., March
.. , r:barlea Brown Lore, aged SO,
Opponents Figure Battleships
Could Destroy Locks With
out Being Endangered
L by Defense Ar
tillery. piDs on land can shoot quite as far as
' those at sea. that they would be Bev- '
era! miles nearer to any battleship ;
than the ship itself couid get to the '
Jocks and that while attacking vessels ;
I might not furnish a stationary target !
1 the fort guns themselves wouid be !
"stationary, which would be a big point '
in their favor. Moreover, the fortifl- j
cations could be placed at both ends '
of the canal for f 12.000.000, or a trine
r ,than tb ctosot one JhJB,
; , T , r; "V , r"
I. I..,! Zl Z J
i;u i wyuiu Lt? fi v iuuuu ujtjre ei 1.1-
sivc than fortifying and would tie up
a whole fleet that in case of war
would be needed for other service.
Land Defenses Formidable.
Naval experts make a telling point
in favor of fortifications. In case of
war it would be practically impossible
without forts to take an American
fleet through the canal in face of an
enemy. That would be like marching
an army through a narrow defile with
a foe at the other end to pick them j
ofT as they emerged, with forts all
this would be changed. The fort guns
couid keep the opposing fleet at least j
3 mmm pss
PANAXf A r.VXAL. COVERING A RANGE OF TEX MILES OVER
Aril-'IC: A N J ATLANTIC ENTRANCES.
ten miles distant ar,d give the Amerl
enn shiis an opportunity to go through
the caual unmolested and form in bat
tle Hue under the protection of the
Of course everybofly hopes that there
will be no mure wj'ir We have been
hoping the same thing for over U.tiOO
years. Twenty-six hundred years ago
Jsniab wcite that "they shall beat
their swords into pNiwshsres and their
spears Into pruning hooks." We still
believe that "they-'' will do-this, but
tae nations have not done it yet and
give no certain indication when they
will. The powers run a rice in build
ing Dreadnoughts and lucreasing nr
nianents. Moreover, the advocates of
frrtinVation t Panama insist that this
would be n defensive rather than nn
offensive measure. It would make for
peace rather than war. It would dis
courage nnd not invite attcck. The
fortifioa'ions wou'd be no menace to
commerce. They would never be used
except nttninst nn enemy of the canai
or an enemy of the country owning
For Police Ihity.
Another argument in favor of forti-
fications Is that they are necessary in
tbe proper poiicing of the great wnter- !
way. They are required to enforce:
neutrality. The duty of policing and j
protecting the canal and of making it
ueutral rests on tlw? United States gov- !
ernmcnt. Who then can object if we
take the necessury steps to perform
our duty? !
The weakness of on International
agreement for assuring the neutrality j
of the canal is that an international j
aereement world necessarily consist of
treaties between individual nations,
and in time of war such treaties are
hardly worth the paper on which they j
are written, liesides. wrist is to pre-
vent some irresponsib'e nation that Is
not a signs tory to the agreement from
lr-fJictics injury on the waterway?
Even if there were an understanding
somebody would still have to police
the canal, and for this purpose some
sort of fortification would be essential.
From the American viewpoint there
would le another fatal defect in the
plan. In case of war. say. between the
United States and Japan there would i
be nothing to prevent a Japanese fleet
from passing through the canal and
attacking the Atlantic coast. Thus the
waterway we ourselves had built
would be used for our own Injury.
It was the military necessity that
first crystallized American sentiment
for the enterprise. An isthmian canal
had been talked of for generations, but '
It was not till the spectacular trip of i
U. S. Circuit Judge Dead,
6. Judge Francis j R0me. na;Ti March 6 Baron VfB
the United States ' cenzo Fatemo. the army lieutenant
the battleship Oregon around the Horn
that Uncle Sam definitely made up hla
mind to pet into the game. Thus the
new waterway Is as much a naval apparently win live to answer for his
a commercial venture. How silly it crime. When interrogated Paterno re
wouJd be. argue the advocates of forti-; posted: "I loved that woman. I loved
fication. to allow all the military
benefits to slip out or our hands now ,
that we are building the canal and;
have them securely in our grasp! W ,
has a better right to say how we shall
Natural Sites For Forts.
r f , mac a tKa r 1
iUe uaturi -
termini seem almost made for forts.
On the Atlantic side there are necks
of land that would make an ideal site
for a bunch of fourteen inch and other
guns, while at the Pacific entrances
there are three or four cute little is
lands that appear specially designed
for the purpose and, heaven knows,
will never serve any other. Failure to
take advantage of these sites placed
ready at our hand would be little less
than impious, say the fort supporters.
It is designed to build the forts whJJa
; w , ls stm on the job. In
! this way much time and expense can
1 be saved. Besides
the work will be
sure to get finished. Goethals has a
: habit of going through with anything
I on which he starts, even an appro
i priation. Landslides have no terrors
i to him. He simply continues shoveling
! out the landscape and lets it elide any
j blooming way it pleases. If he were
put on the fortifications he could utilize
j his concrete gangs after they had fln
i ished with the locks.
! Not lone ago the colonel appeared in
Washington to testify before a com
mittee and while there was invited to
deliver a stereopticon lecture in the
tinU rt tho hnns rf rpnrpspntflffvpfi.
the second time such an honor has beea
accorded an outsider In the history of
the country lie was not there to talk
f.-r forts, yet everybody knew how- he
felt on the sub'e: t.
It is designed to use disappearing
guns for the forts. A disappearing
gun his the same advantage as a man
shooric' from behind a tree. It bobs
out suddenly, hres its load and be
fore the enemy can get back at it ia
again iu hiding.
Big Growth cn Pacific.
The Panama canal will be the gate
way to the Pacific. Its importance ti
the world no one can yet measure. The
outlines of the new civilization taking
form around the sreat ocean grow
more clearly denned wirh the passage
of the years. Here is the new theater
of human activity, and what a vast
theater it is! Everywhere the Pacific
lauds are becoming keenly alive. Our
own coast states show the most mar
velous growth in the nation. North
western 'a ua da is emerging. Eternal
frost cannot whollv stifle activitv even
in Alaska and Siberia. Under Japanese
control Korea is awakening from the
sleep of thirty centuries. China ia
establishing a parliament and shedding
Under free trade with America
Philippine commerce Is on tb up
grade. Australasia, with her advanced
theories of government, seems almost
a Utopia. With the opening of the
great canal a new life will flow out to
all these lands. Europe will have found
a pathway to the east. Tbe dream of
C .Iambus, which led to the discoverv
of two continents, will have been real
ized and a new route to India will lie
open to men.
Philanthropist believe that it would
be a magnanimous and beautiful thing !
ror America to puna tnis waterway
and say to the world. "Take It: it Is 1
yours." More practical beings feel j
that It is still important for the United i
States to control the Pacific-important
for herself and still more important j
for civilization. By fortification we
retain the key in our own hands. From
our island forts at the western, gate
way America can proclaim:
"I awakened the Pacific; I furnished
the example for the republics of the
western hemisphere: I broke the sleep
of Japan and maintained the integrity
of China: I furnished a type of free
dom for Australia and New Zealand;
I am leading Hawaii and the Philip
pines Into the paths of self govern
ment: I breathed life Into all this vast
new and old empire around the world's
jrreatest ocean, and I will guard lta
i Baron Paterno Will Live.
! who Bhot himself after stabbing Prin- j
jce6s Trigona Di Sant Elia, lady-in-j
waiting to Queen Helena, to death an-1
her too much. She refused to belong j
t longer. It made me lose my
WESTERN LINES GIVE UP
AdTanwa c. j
modity Rates and Accept Fate.
Washington, March 6. In accord- j
ance with an agreement among the J
railways or the M e stern TrunK Line
j association, baaed upon the suggestion
of tne commerce commission in its rc-
cently announced decisioa in the gen
eral rate cases, the western lines have
notified the commission that they will
cancel the proposed advances in com
modity rates and accept the ruling of
AMERICANS ARE WINNERS
Rhode Scholars Capture Events in
Oxford University Sport.
Oxford. England, March 6. Two
Rhodes scholars from the United
States won events in "the concluding
program of the Oxford varsity an
nual sports today. R. L. L,ange of
Oklahoma won the 100-yard dash in
I 10 seconds and W. A. Ziegler of
Iowa, the weight contest
throw of 39 feet. 9 inches.
with a !
Real Estate Dealer Suicide.
Lincoln, Neb., March 6.-, John Mc
Leod. a real estate dealer, was found
dead in his office here today. He
suicide as a result of j
A Fierce Night Alarm
is the hoarse startling cough of
Often it xoused Lewis Chamblin of
Manchester. Ohio (R. R. No. 2) for,
their four children were greatly sub
iject to croup. '"Sometimes in severe
i attacks," he wrote, "we were afraid
thev would die, but s'nee we proved iera uregon is caus.ng prec,p.Li
wht rH.in rpmdv Dr. Kin!?'5'tin on the Pacific coast and in the'UD'ul,,B
New Discoverv is. we have no fear. ' southern portion of the Rocky raoim
We rely or it .or croup and for tan region. The air pressure is high
roughs, colds or sny throat or lung est from the northern . portion of the
Urcnble." S- do tticusands of others. lae region to northern New hngiana.
!so may you. Asthma, hay fever, ; No severely low temperatures are re
jgrip, whooping cough, hemorrhages 1 ported. Because of ihe low pressures
ifi before It, 50 cents and $1. Trial .to the westward, cloudy, and probably
j bottle free. Sold by all druggists.
Ibv ire from E. W. Warner A Cu,
members of Chirago 3oard of Trade.
Grain, prcvigions. sicrks. and cotton.
. Lorai cfScu at Ror-k Island house, Rock
! Islar.d- 111. Cnicago oifice. -99-10(.
! Roard of TraJe. Laical telephone. No.
' west 230. J
I baad rrr TBftnc TCAMCir.TlflNS. !
May. 911?. P2H. 90. 91.
Jly, 89, 90. J.?'.-;. $9.
September, S'J, SS'-i, SS-g.
May, 4S . 4fl!, 4:i. .
July. 49S3, 50' . 43-,. 49Tfc.
September, 5f'1.4- 51. 50Vs, 50.
May, SftVi. 31. 30?i. 30.
July, .".nr.,, snat4, r,038, 30ifc.
September, 30S. 3iVa, 30, 30',;.
May, 17.70, 17.70, 17. SO, 17.52.
July, 1C.S5, 1G.S7. 16.72. 15.72.
Mav, 9.30, 9.30, 9.20. 9.22.
July, 9.22, 9.25. 9.15.
May, 9. 02, 9 OS, 9.47. 9.32.
July,' 9.17, 9.17, 9.12, 9.12.
THE GRAIN MARKET.
Liverpool Grain. 1
Liverpool March C. Wheat opened
steady, influenced by the firmness in ;
America. Following the opening the j
marke? turned weak under realizing !
r.nd prices declined J4 to V with the :
pressure in near months. Selling was !
largely attributed to the weakness in
Buenos Aires at the close Saturday
and free offerings of plate at a decline,
World's shipments were liberal, with
heavier shipments from Russia and
ranube tan were expected 4.24.O0
bushels against 3,104.000 last week.
Australian cargoes were pressed for
sale at a decline and advices from In
dia and Argentine continue favorable
MONEY TO LEX I)
On Salary or Chattel Security.
If you are employed your credit ls
! good here for from $10 to $100.
i These pay both interest and principal
I $0.35 weekly pays a $10.00 loan, j
$0.75 weekly pars a $20.00 loan
$ 1 20
weekly pays a $40.00 loan.
SI 50 weklv cars a 150.00 loan.
A11 -.tn(s. ainm,nts In same nronor-
tjon Abte privacy guaranteed,
. , .
CITIZENS LOAN COMPANY j
Koom MCKinme oiag. rncne east
1187. 15th St.
ana 410 ave., Moune.
Horses Bought f Sold
Express Service and Hauling of
C. H. THORNHILL
SI 8 Twenty-second Street.
Daily United States Weather Map
v ?. y. Tire ATHr.ri nuivrjA.u
VM" w y f WllUS UMOORE. Ouai
Una rhn miM kuh
f Mlhir O lHn Cm
iiaw is mm
S" Mt&knni ami
' " TTlrr If IIMha I I mUm ( Hi
FORECAST FOR ROCK ISliAXT. DATEJTPORT, MOLTVE AXT VICTIf 1TY.
Cloudy and probably threatening tonight and Tuesday, moderate temperature. The .ow
est temperature tonight will be slightly below the freezing point.
! WEATHER CONDITIONS.
( area of reiatively low pressure
a;that ig ceotra, Qver northera lrp1nia
has been attended y rain or enow
from North Carolina to New En
gland and over the territory as far
westward as the upper Mississippi
valley. Another low that is over
j threatening conditions are
with the outlook in Russia satisfa?tury.
Buyers generally are reserved wit'u
free offers. At mid-day the market was
weak and xk 'o off from the open
ing and ' higher to lower than Sat
,free liquidation in March and this!
j month declined on large arrivals and 1
j pressure of spot. May was unchanged" j
after the opening and ncrmal.
Chicago Cash Grain.
Wheat No. 2 r 9014-?? 92. No. 3 r S7
a91. No. 2 hw 90ti,'a92. No. 3 hw S7
I (591. No. 1 ns 100102, No. 2 ns 97
j loo, No. n ns 95 ft 99. No. 2 s 915 90. No.
(3 s 9195. vc S2fi 95, durum Sr89.
I Corn No. 2 4647, No. 2 w 46
i 5:47, No. 2 y 471 47. No. 3 iiflio.
! No. 3 w 445 45, No. 3 y 45'S:45ii, No
4 41,-i'5:42Vi, No. 4 w 41!'5341. No.
4 y 42 43. egm 4040i, sgy 40341.
! Oats No. 2 29. No. 2 w 3H;331,
;No. 3 w 30f?3L No. 4 w 29!4S 30,
! standard 30 31 '4.
! St. Louis Cash.
I Wheat firmer and about 1 cent high
' er. but demand not very good for fancy
j Ccrn H higher.
Wheat unchanged to M higher.
Corn H higher.
Peoria Cash. .
Corn receipts 60 cars. Cash market
1 higher. No. 3 y and mixed 44',;, No. I
j 4 mixed 42.
j Oats receipts 4 cars. Cash market
li higher. No. 2 w 30yi.
1 Kansas City Cash.
Goo(J ragh dmano. Country offer.
1 in!rK ht A m.lp ,.. sn.
day. Stocks decrease 225,000 bushela
for two days.
Wheat decrease 1,604,000.
Corn decrease 554.000.
Oats decrease 230,000.
Sample markets: Corn M cent high
er; oats Vi higher.
Wheat opened U higher; closed un
changed to higher.
Corn opened Vs higher; closed
lower to higher. ,
1 v heat 9 2
Corn 331 1
jOats 118 71
I Northwest Cart.
To- Last Last
day.. Week. Year
! Minneapolis 234 277 7C2 ;
Duluth 16 4 S7
Winnipeg 222 162 132 :
Chicago Estimates Tomorrow.
Wheat 15 1
j Corn 551 I
j Primary Movement. '
; Keceipta. Shipments
Wheat today 524,000
Year ago 1.256.000
:Corn today 882,000
jYear ago 859,000
LIVE STOCK, '
Opening of Market. i
Hogs 35.000. Left over-1,400 Opened !
steady. Mixed 6.807.20. good GWft j
7.15, rough 6.75 SBC 85, light 6.30 7.25. '
IX S. Department of Agriculture
for this vicinity tonight and Tuesday,
with moderate temperature.
River Forecast: During the next
48 hours onlv 6light changes in the
i Mississippi will occur from below Du
buque to Muscatine.
Flood Hgt. Chag.
- stage. 7a.m. 24 bra.
IS 3.1 n.2
Davenport lo 2.5 O.JJ
Low High Pr'cip.
last yes- 24 hrs.
night, terd'y. inch.
Rock Island 33 40 .i.n
i Atlantic City 30 34 .Is
Cattle 21.000; steady to 10c higher.
Sheep 15,000; strong.
Nine O'clock Market.
Hogs tomorrow 21H'O, cattle C.ono,
Hogs 5c higher than Saturday's &ve--
age. Ijght 7.00'7.30, routh 6.756.9.'.:
mixed 6.95'57.25, heavy 7.007.20, pigi j
0.757.15, bulk 7.00(57.20. I
Cattle strong to 10c higher.
Sheep 5c to 10c higher.
Beeves S.OO'SSCO, cows 2.50f?6.0"l. !
5.tockers 4. 25175.90, Texans 4 .90f?5.S.1, '
Sheep 2.504.00, lambs 4.50-5 6.40.
Close of Market.
Hogs closed strong on light, others
weak. Mixed 6.85 fi 7.25. good 6.95 n
7.20. rough G.75'36.90, light 6.953 7.32.
Cattle strong to 10c higher.
Western Live Stock.
.Hogs. Cattle. Sheep.
i Kansas City ..
, . 8,000 8.000 8,000
. 4.000 5,200 7.00.)
St. Louis 11,000 .
Hogs. Cattle. Sheep.
Chicago 21,000 6.000 20,000
NEW YORK STOCKS.
New York. March 6. Following are
the quotations on the market today:
1 Union Pacific 172
! U. S. Steel preferred ll&Vt
S. Steel common
! Reading 1547-i
Rock Island common 29Vi
j Northwestern 145
j Southern Pacific 11514
j New York Central 106V,
! Missouri Pacific 55
Great Northern 123
Louisville Sc. Nashville
Colorado Fuel & Iron .
... 74 U
! Chesapeake & Ohio fc2Vi
We Make Shirt and Collar
Work Our Specialty and
1808 Third Ave. Oldphoneh.37
Boston 2 2 .0:
Buffalo 22 ' SO .51
Denver 4 fin .n
Kansas City 41 4 .0"
j New Orleans ?; R1
New York city .. .. 2 T.4 .21
Phoenix " f1 4:
St .Touis 4: e,2 ."I
St. Paul :'.' 4
San Diego i
San Francisco .... 5" 56 i
j Washington 3 42 .fti
Winnipeg s 24 .Of
Mrs. LuLiiiiu.. -..i... i i. a ashamed
to ccme home in this rendition? Lush
man 'Shamed? Worn n. I ain't even
'fraid. Bos'o;i Tr.ins.-r rt
Brooklyn Rapid Transit 7
Baltimore & Ohio lrt
Sugar 11; t
St. Paul 12S
Copper 62 V
Ihfgh Valley 172
LOCAL MARKET CONDITIONS.
March 0. Following are the nuo'a-
t;ons on the local market today:
Live Poultry Old hens, 10c; tpriaft
:6c pound; ducks. 1R pound; gecao,
10c pound; turkeys lv: pound.
Fresh eggs. 19c.
Potatoes, per bushe 65c.
Butter, dairy 24c; cniamery 26c
Feed and f-'ucl.
Corn, per bushel, 5'c.
Forage Tlmo'hv hay, $15 to 916;
Clover hay. $15.
Wood $4.50 per lead.
Coal Lump, per bushel, 15c; alack,
Attacks School Principal.
A severe attak on school priori,
pal, Charles B. a: ' n, of Sylvanla,
Ga., 5a thus told hy aim. "For mor
than three years, he writes, "I suf
fered IndescrlbHMe torture froir
rheumatism, llvf r and stomach trou
ble and disease! k.ineyg. All rem
edies failed till 1 'J89d Electric hit
ters, but four brfs of this wonder
ful remedy curl me completely."
Such results ar -ommon. Thoua
ands bless theoi f'r curing stomach
trouble, female complaints, kidney
disorders, biliousr s and for nw
health and vigor. Trr thm. Onlj
50 renta at all druBgista.
Has Millions of Friend.
How would you " numbef
your friends by mill.ons h Buck
len'a Arnica Salve dors? In aston
ishing cures in the past. 40 yean
imade them. It is the best salve it
the world for sores, ukers. erzma.
burns, boils, scaMs ruts, corns, sor
si-sins, awelhngs. bruises, coio
sores. H3 no eq
ty-five tenta at 6:1
f;r p'.I s Tt-n-
news an the t:mc
return to ' ii. A.
' Jtrgus office.
V mi - m -A A