Newspaper Page Text
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, MONDAY, MAY 8.. 1911.
Smithsonian Institution Gets ;
W II UJLk II JJ
Four Sacred Packages
From the Osages.
HOLIEST FETISH OF TRIBE
0U get more than a mere cooking apparatus when you buy a Riverside Range. You get a stove that has stood the test for over forty years
f and has always made good. The many conveniences make cooking easy and a real pleasure to even the most inexperienced,
the best money can buy, and the tight fitting results in an actual saving of many dollars' worth of fuel to you. Don't
costly. The best is always least expensive in the long run.
The material is
Generally Buried With Keepers
Tattooing Apparatus and Ma
terials Are Used.
h ' .(I
nrr irn tut
Officials of the burp a of American
ethnology of the Smithsonian Institu
tion at Washington are highly pleased
over an addition which they have Just
made to their collection and which
they regard as one of their choicest
treasures. This acquisitioa comprises
four sacred bandies or packs of the
Osage Indians, very few of which
hfcve ever been obtained by scientists,
us thry are generally bnried with their
These sacred bundles are Just as
precious from a religious standpoint
to the Indian as they are from a sci
entific standpoint to the ethnologist
and are extremely hard to obtain.
They represent the holiest fetish of a
tribe, and so zealously are they guard
ed from any profanation that they are
put in the charge of a special priest
or medicine man. who keeps them
carefully bidden. At certain periods
they are opened and the contents
worshiped amid the most elaborate
ceremonies, but even at these times
only the chosen men of the tribe are :
allowed to pee the strangely assorted ,
articles that are kept In the bundles, j
HOW THEY WERE SEf I'RED. !
The bundles were secured for the j
National museum by Francis La
Fiehe, an educated Omaha Indian,
who is in the employ of the bureau of j
American ethno:ogv. While at work j
In Oklahoma he learned of the er- j
istence of such bundles and immedi- j
ctely opened negotiations with the In- j
dicn to whose care they had been in- !
trusted. After exercising considerable :
diplomacy he succeeded In persuading i
the Indian to part with thm and ;
took them to Washington and turned 1
them over to the bureau of ethnology,
One of these was opened with much :
crre T.y Dr. Walter Hough, one of the '
curators of the National museum. Ir.
Hough found the outside wrapping or ;
sack to be made of a rare Indian fab-
ric woven of the Fllky brow hair of the
buffalo. This was bound with a buck
skin band decorated with human
scalps and the leg of an eagle. Inside
this was. a buckskin bag, and inside '
The New Iron Riverside
The body never rusts through. Con
trollable hot blast fire box. All ovens
20 inches deep. Duplex grates. Boss
covers. ' . . - .
There are over 250 different styles and sizes of Riverside Cooks and Ranges. They are made to fit all purposes from the most humble cot
tage to the most stately mansion, Just the stove you want at the price you want to pay.
Hade and Guaran
ock nlainid Stove Co
in your city for a 64 page Riverside Cook Book
Ask our dealer
New Steel Riverside
Asbestos and cast lined body. Duplex
grates. Ribbed oven bottom. Smooth,
silvery nickel. Large reservoir.
tl.'t'a haversack nTade'of "material
resembling Chinee matting.
In this haversack were a pipe dec
orated with scalps, a tobacco bag. a
braided cord made of woolen fabric
find a bundle of buffalo bladders
hound with a thong ornamented with
scalps, and one other bundle, which
was the most important of all, for it
represented the "holy of holies." This
bundle was a buckskin case, to which
was bound a buckskin object resem
bling a head band. Inside this bundle
was found the most sacred object of
the pack the body of a hawk, which
had been mummified and then painted
a brilliant vermilion and green. At
tached to the tail was a circlet of hu- j
man scalps. The body was suspended
by a braided band made of wooinn
fabrics which evidently had been b-
tained by the tribe through trade with
One of the three other bundles was
found to contain the tattooing appara
tus and materials used by the Osage
Indians, all of which are regarded as
sacred, as the tattooing is a religious
ceremony. The other two packs were
similar to the one described, but the
articles each contained were different.
DEEP SEA DIVERS.
Li.:- . wJ.Vrif..,',;!- T., t-fa. INi..ffil .TlVr .,,,
Think of a Buggy Actually
Running 100,000 Miles
This Is what a regular stock White Line Buggy did in ten years time
on a rural mail route in Iowa. Full details on request.
Every White Line Buggy will wear as well as this one did. For style,
easy riding and wearing qualities they have no equal.
Don't allow your dealer to tal you into buying an Inferior make.
Insist on the White. .Nearly all good dealers have them. If not
at yours, write today for our catalogue.
GEORGE WHITE BUGGY CO
Rock Island, 111.
Death. Always Hovers Round Them
While They Toil.
It is surprising to learn bow many
uses there are for divers. The navy,
of course, employs many to set sub
marine mines and torpedoes and to at
tend to investigations of the condition
of ships' bottoms. Bridge construction
companies use them, as do those who
build dams, waterworks and reser
voirs. Waterworks in large cities keep
a diver on their staff constantly.
Wrecking companies need their serv
ices, and the profession of underriver
tunneling makes many demands on the
time and skill of the man in armor.
Since Smeaton in 1779 designed a
"pump to supply air to the diving bell
little real improvement in the art has
been made, save in detail of helmet
and clothes, until the invention of the
telephone. The greatest advance ever
made in the art, divers will tell you. is
the combination of the telephone with
the diving suit. Before its advent div
ers had to depend entirely upon pulls
on the life line for communication
with the surface and upon signs to
each other when under water if two
wished to communicate. Today the
modern diving helmet is equipped with
a telephone, and the diver can not only
hear what is said to him from the sur
face, advise those In charge of his
pump as to whether the air is "com
ing right" or not. but he can communi
cate to a brother diver and hear the
instructions sent to him from the sur
face, all of which facilities are of great
assistance in the work.
At first thought It may not seem so
difficult thing, this going down under
water and breathing air sent in from
a pump by a tube. But the physical
drawbacks to the work are enormous.
For every ten feet a diver descends he
sustains an additional pressure of four
and a half pounds over every square
inch of his body. What this means
A. D. HUESING
Rock Island, Illinois
SODA WATER All Flavors
GEN-TO PEPSIN GINGERALE
Tvlail Orders Receive Prompt
may De Derter understood wnen con
sidering the greatest depth ever made
by a diver 204 feet. His body at that
depth' sustained a pressure of eighty
eight and a half pounds to the square
inch over and above the fifteen pounds
always sustained when in the air.
Divers must descend very slowly,
swallowing as they go; otherwise they
may bleed at the nose and ears and
even lose consciousness. And they
must ascend even more slowly than
they descend, particularly when com
ing from great depths; otherwise they
may literally burst from internal air
pressure. At the least, too sudden a
rise may cause an attack of that ter
rible disease known to tunnel workers
called caisson disease, or the bends, in
which air. gets into the tissues under
pressure and causes the most extreme
The diver, getting ready to descend,
clothes himself in very heavy under
wear of guernsey or flannel, the draw
ers well secured to prevent slipping,
and adds a pair of heavy woolen socks.
If the water be cold two such suit3
may be worn. If the depth to be ne
gotiated is great cotton soaked with
oil is put in the ears or a heavy woolen
cao nulled down over them. Shoulder
pads, if worn to take the weight off
the helmet, are next tied on. after
which the diver wriggles into his
heavy suit of rubber and canvas. Next
come the inner collar and the breast
plate, which are secured with clamps
to the rubber dress, the utmost care
being taken In this operation not to
tear or pinch the rubber. Finally the
shoes are fitted on and the rubler
gloves clamped to rings in the sleeves.
The helmet is the last to go on. and
never before the valves and telephone
have been tested. The attendants start
to pump as the helmet is clamped
home. The helmet is attached to the
pump with a rubber tube, which Is
canvas and wire protected. No diver
descends, after the helmet is put on.
until he has tested the outfit and found
that his air supply is sufficient and
the pump working properly.
He is supplied with a life line, with
which he can signal should his tele
phone get out of order and by which
he may be drawn to the surface should
he become helpless for any reason. ITe
must take great care when walking
about on the bottom not to foul his
life line or his air tule and for this
reason must always-retrace his step
exactly to his starting Doint If be has
gone Into a wreck or about any ob
structions. For the same reason two
divers working together must be care
ful not to cross each other's path.
Sometimes the life line may become
so entangled in wreckage that it must
be cut. and then there Is danger of the
diver not finding his way back to his
boat or float, especially If the bottom
Is muddy and fouls the "seeing." But
the greatest danger of all. of course. Is
that the tube be cut or the diver faint.
In either case he is in desperate
straits. If the man handling the life
line "feels" anything wrong be will
haul the diver up willy nllly and re
gardless of the severe bleeding at nose
and ears which will result from too
rapid a rise to the surface. But If the
diver be inside a wreck or if his life
line gets tangled in wreckage such
hauling would do no good. It is in sit
uations like these that the slender con
necting link of telephone wire mean
so much to the men who risk their
lives far beneath the surface ct the
water. Scientific American.
gether to make their nests. The silk
used for this purpos la not secreted
by the adult ants, -but by the larvae.
In order to attach the silken threads
and draw the leaves together the ants
must carry the larvae about from lea;
to leaf. When two distant leaves are
to be drawn together a reniarkabl
method is employed. Five or six ants
form a chain bridging the gap between
the leaves, each gripping the waist of
another in its mandibles.- A number of
such chains will co-oporate in bringing
two leaves together.
A Bridge of Ants.
A species" of auts which spin silk l
common in hot countries. The ant?
nest in tree. binding the leaves to
Inflammatory Rheumatism Cured In
Morton L. Hill of Lebanon, Ind
6ays: "My wife had inflammatory
rnMimatism in every muscle and joint;
her suffering was terrible and her body
and fare were swollen almost beyond
recognition; had been in bed for six
weeks and had eight physicians, but
received no benefit until she tried Dr.
Detchon's Relief for Rheumatism It
gave immediate reliof and she was
able to wa'.k about in three days. I
am sure it saved hor life." Sold by
Otto Urotian, loot second avenue.
Rock Island; Cust Schlegel. 220 West
tecona sireei, uaveuyvjn.
- :. ..' - - 1 . j . ., . .
IIIJ II III I J Willi III Ml I J I U I III II III II II I WUipLIB 1 1 . ill J . tjflU VI
4 - '
.l: : ; Jtfcr- -: 3
WE are specialists in this line and
can show you many new dec
orative ideas both imported
and domestic. Years of experience in
Exclusive High Grade
is our best advertisement. Write or call
on us for estimates.
Adams 'Wall Paper Co
310-312-314 Twentieth Street, Rock Island, 111.
Write For Price List