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THE ROCK ISXTAXD ARGUS, SATURDAY, MAY 13. 1911.
OUR BORDER LIME WITH MEXICO A PARLOUS ME.
RIO GRAMDE A PROTECTION, LAMP LENGTH A: DANGER
- - - - - ' .- , , ........ . .... j ii " : 6 ..... A'v ' -. 'vx. ..; . .. ! -. .3
I'hoioB copyri(fit Dy Axuericaa iress
By GEORGE WAUQH ARNOLD.
F tba well meant plans of philatt-
' throplfrt Robert Owen bad only
rom to pan away back in 18IS
we wouldn't worry over any trou
ble at ail with the Mexicans, who have
been flphtlnjr dangerously close to the
T"n!tel States boundary line.
Owen was a rich merchant of Gkui
Fow, who brourht his fortune over to
the wilds of Indiana and piirch.-"ed
th whole town of New Harmony, a
religious community founded by a sect
cal!-d the 'Har-piies.-
He wanted both grovemments to cede
Mm a s'rlp of 1E0 miles wide of whet
was then the entire border between
the Unite! States and Mexico which
should forever be used as a neutral
zon Mexico approved th project,
but Uncle Sam didn't grrow enthusias
tic over It and about twenty years
later annexed Texas, proposed neutral
rone and all.
Rio Grande Sp rawly Boundary.
Then by the treaty of Ouadalupe In
February, 1S-4S. the souirtftlnc sprawl-
in; Rio Gxande a.niajed as the bor-J
der Hn for tlra UN miles then needed.
But when we tools New Mexico and
Arizona and some other spots west of
Texss engineers teM out a compara
tively straight line across to the Pa
cific, and it is on this strip of 700 miles
that many Americans have been killed.
In the twin towns across the Rio
Grande Brownsville and Matamoras.
Fl Paso and Ciudad Juarez, Eagle
Pass and Ciudad Porfirio Diaz and La
redo and Nuevo Laredo there is no
great danger to those on the Ameri
can side, for a Mexican who could
shoot accurately across the river has
never been discovered.
A Border Line Street.
But in such closely connected towns
aloni? the land border as Douglas and
Agua Prieta or Caiexico and Mexieali
the danger has been already shown,
and If there should be a fight in Xo
gales, where the American and Mexi
can towns are divided ofily by the mid
dle of the main street, called Interna
tional avenue, there would be a-plenty
of killing, and it would not be con
fined to citizens of Arizona either.
It Is clear that President Taft acted
with prudence and wisdom in sending
a considerable military force to with
in easy reach of the border, both for
possible use in case of a general break
up in Mexico and also for use on our
own side of the line In suppressing
filibustering and In dealing with both
Mexican federals and rebels who may
trespass across the line either In per
son or with gunfire.
It is also clear that a systematic at
tempt Is belns made by the rebels to
force the fighting- as close to the bor
der as possible In order to accom
plish their openly proclaimed purpose
of involving this country In some way
In the embroilment, and this fact sug
gests the desirability of thwarting that
Americans Hunt Trouble.
Much has been said of the turpitude
of which Americans are guilty who en
ter the conflict, and to that may now
be added a reminder of the folly of
those who in either morbid curiosity or
bravado wantonly expose themselves
to injury along the border line.
The danger part of the border lin
-United States troops watering horse At mess at San Antonio One of the in--Guarding
a footbridge A Mexican sentry asleep at the switch.
Americans have a right to pursue
their legitimate vocations near the
border and are entitled to protection
in so doing, but they have no moral
right to flock to the line to gape at the
broil which may be in progress just on
the other side.
The Rio Grande Isn't of much use for
navigation, for only 600 miles of It are
open to the smallest of steamboats,
and, while It Is useful for Irrigation,
the demands of both countries upon it
for that purpose result In never ending
bickerings. But as a means of smug
gling Chinamen into the United States
it has no equal. The .Niagara river
has done a lot, and the Canadian
boundary along Jth& northwest has
helped, but the Rio Grande holds the
Many Chinese Smuggled.
The gang that smuggles the ob
noxious yellow men in asks only $50
a head, whereas the rate at other
points goes up Into the hundreds, so It
naturally does a rushing business.
The isolated and unprotected charac
ter of the frontier of the United States
and Mexico makes It a very easy mat
ter for the Chinese to get across unob
served by the customs officers and
other United States authorities. The
crossing into this country from Mexico
is the least difficulty with which the
wily Chinese meets. It is after he has
crossed the border that troubles! beset
him at every turn.
Every Chinese resident in the towns
along the border is known to the cus
toms officers, and when a strange face
appears among them he is quickly
pounced upon and made to give a full
account of himself. It has not Infre
quently happened that forged certifi
cates of their identity have been found
upon them, and they had to face that
charge in addition to a sentence of de
portation to their native land.
The danger of remaining near the
border is well known to the Chinese
who enter this country Illegally, and
they lose no time in making for the In
terior. Many of these contraband Chi
nese are captured on trains that run
close to the border.
This fact necessitates customs In
spectors traveling on all trains, and
they are on the constant lookout for
Chinese who have violated the exclu
sion act. Some of the Chinese escape
Into the Interior by riding the brake
beams of freight trains, while others,
are smuggled through In freight wsf
ons. A short time ago In New Mexi
co five Chinamen who had crossed the
border illegaily were found secreted In
barrels in a freight wagon bound for
the Interior They were all tried and
sentenced to deportation.
Our state department has been dig
ging up with the greatest care all prec
edents of International law concerning
boundaries, but nothing which may be
a guide in this particular situation has
yet been discovered.
In the absence of nny recognition of
the belligerency of the insurgents the
Diaz administration Is, of course, re
sponsible for the acts of Its cltl7!r.s,
be they Insurgents or not, an1 11 . 1
mlnlstratlon has warned the
tles In the City of Mexico t?At this lj
EXIT THE FIRE HORSE ENTER
THE AUTOMOBILE FIRE ENGINE
O more the clang and clash of
hoofs b-iitng sparks from
the city cobblestones as the
fire hors-s eallop the:r way
t' the place of alarm: no more the
tT.orioua rush of heroic horses, eagtr
to rescue and save, urged on by more
heroic ni-n; Instead, the "chirr-chirr'
of seventy horsepower motors Ies
li?turS'iJl i'erh;'p. aprenling lers to
our love of til Sfnsn tional. but spedipr.
mors efficient. h.s costly, less perilous
to fire and spectator.
Khiru-landr Waldo, New York able
nr.d rreretic fre r-mmlssioner. has
decreed tiie rassintr of the fire horse
from th-1 s;refts of his oitv. That
rre;ins th l'ir.isluiijit of the animal
from the hi; i-.tios of the vntire coun
try, for in a tire fisi-.tirtr ser.se. still
more than In politics, "as goes New
York so gof the Union." New York
has the lariTist. finest and best equip
ped firvflfrhtlng derailment in the
world. It Is bi.cper and better than
those of lars and Hrlirt combined,
ar.d on the ;ti:t!vrity of WinftHd R.
Shet-han. S'-cretary t. Commissioner
Waldo, it may be stated that it is
lurper t'nan the corn'ji.ied ftre depart
ments of any other six American cities.
Threfre ssyinj: that within Ave years
not o!ie horsa will be left In the serv
ice of the New York ffre department
means that ;he f.'Bslnn of the fire horsr
from the entire country is certain. J.:
the matter of fire flchtlrig the rest of
he United States follows and imitates
New York. r
From every viewpoint. Including that
of sediment, e substitution of mo
tor propeT.ed fire fighting apparatus for
V .tT r- ij
'ALT'. Vl -
NEW YORK'S NEW AUTO FIRE ENGINE.
that drawn by horfepower U; desirable, be done more quickly and better with
There is more sentiment about the sav-I a gasoline motor for less than 150 a
ing of the li es of the two or three j year. Applying the same ratio to all
firemen killed yearly in Nw York j the horse drawn apparatus in. the en
through the use of horses than there - tire city, the tremendous saving is ap
is about the sight of the finest team of parent. There are at present 1,500
horses in .he wwrld galloping through j horses In the service of the depart
th street i. front of a hof wagon, ai ment. None has been purchased for
fire steamer or a hook an ladder truck. I seven or eight months, and it is the ln-
n the ground of economy there can i tention of the commissioner not to re
lo no comparison. The average life of ! sume purchases of horses. Hs is turn
& fire horse is only five years. It costs j ing over the horse fund ot the depart
about S2'10 a year to keep a fire horse i ment to the bureau of fire apparatus
fed and properly shod, with medical, purchase and Is buying automobile fire
supervision and treatment. For a three f.ghtlrg apparatus as fast as it Is need
horse steajner the cost of horseflesh is i ed In the service. . '
about $6i50 a year. The same work may ! Speed In getting to fires) and econo
my In maintenance are the points of
advantage emphasized by the commis
sioner In speaKlng of the new motors. ;
The busiest engines in the city do noti
travel more than an average of a mile
and a half a day. They are Idle at
least 9S per cent of the time. While
the horses stand idle In their stalls
they consume food, but th automobile
engine when motionless does, not con
sume gasoline. "When the horses have
taken the engine or hose wagon or
ladder truck to a fire they stand near
by, watched and tended by a man spe
cially detailed for that purpose. He
Is useless, so far as actual fire fighting
la concerned. He must guard his
team. The automobile, on the other
hand, requires no watcher. The crank
key Is removed to prevent meddling,
and the formerly useless fireman goes
to add his efficiency and experience
and courage to those of his fellows.
Twelve miles, or fifteen miles an
hour at most, measures the speed of
the horse drawn fire wagon, necessari
ly heavy and cumbersome. It looks
like one of he swiftest things on earth
as the horses gallop through the
streets, but it is really slow compared
with the motor drawn fire engine. The
latter can go at the rate of twenty or
thirty miles an hour if need be, and
its speed will lessen greatly the fear
of fire felt by the dwellers In the out
lying portions of the cities.
In real estate saving also the cost te
the city by means of the new engines
will be very great. They can be housed
in much less space than the horse
drawn vehicles and the horses. It Is
estimated that the new departure will
double the capacity of the fire houses,
many of which are now situated on
very valuable plots In accessible parts
of the city.
Instruction In driving the new mo
tors is being given to the New York
firemen at the fire college recently es
tablished at fire headquarters in New
York city. The department has al
ready flve large hose wagons for use
in the high pressure districts, besides
other automobile apparatus. A novel
sort of engine that has been planned,
but that is still in the experimental
stage. Is the gasoline propelled engine,
or pumping engine, in which the pump
is actuated' not by steam, as in the
present type of steamer, but by gaso
line. It is expected that this engine
will be highly successful. So sure is
its builder of its efficacy that he has
agreed with Fire Commissioner Waldo
to assume all the risks of demonstra
tion, guaranteeing satisfaction to Chief
Croker and the oti.er eminently prac
tical fire fighters of the New York de
partment. WALTER THOMPSON.
To Conserve Your Health
Take Red Circle Pills
They arouse your liver. Nature will do tie rest Best Liver,
Kidney and Stomach Remedy oa earth. No nausea, eo griping; do not
Interfere with your daily work. Will relieve the majority cf 'chronic
complaint, the most of which are caused from torpidity cf the liver.
Only one pill for a dose; 24 doses, 25 cents. Sold at
HARPER HOUSE PHARMACY.
AUBREY STOCK COMPANY.
Although the hot weather has
started a little early, the manage
ment of the Majestic theatre is not
unprepared as the engagement of
the Helen Aubrey company is for all
summer, electric fans will be install
ed and the proverbial "coolest.
theatre in town" will be a reality.
Later on the management has - in
view a new system for cooling the
theatre and promises patrons of the
bouse they will not feel the heat on
the hottest night. The Helen Aubrey
company arrived in town Wednesday
evening and ' is hard at work prepar
ing for the opening next Monday.
John D. Rockefeller would be broke
if he should sper.d his entire income
to prepare a better medicine than
Chamberlain's Colic, Cholera and
Diarrhoea Remedy for diarrhoea,
dysentery or bowel complaints. It is
impossible, and so says everyone taht
has used it. Sold by all druggists.
Today's Market Quotations
AH the sews all the time Tfcs
IHy wire from H W. Wagner & Co..
members of Chicago Board of Trade.
Grain, provisions, stocks, and cotton.
Local offices at Hock Island house. Rock
Island, 111. Chicago otiice. 98-99-100,
Board of Trade. Local telephone. No.
BOARD OF TRADE TRANSACTIONS.
May, 97, 97s, 96, 97.
July, R9, 9. S9'.i. S9?;.
September, S9, 94, SS.
May, 53Vi, 53. 63, 53U.
July, 52. 52, 52 V4. 52V4
September, 53, 53H. 52?4, 53.
May, 34. 34U, 33?8. 34.
July, 34, 34,i, 3124, 33T8.
September, 33, 34, 33, 33.
May, 15.C2, 17.00. 15.50, 1C.R7.
July, 15.05, 15.15, 15.00, 15.05.
May, 8.20, 8.20, 8.15, 8.15.
July. 8.22, 8.25. 8.20. 8.20.
September, 8.32. 8.32, 8.27, 8.27.
May, 8.20, 8.27, 8.20. 8.25.
July, 8.02, 8.07. S.nO, 8.02.
September, 8.00, 8.02, 7.97. 8.00.
July, 15.78. 15.89, 15.77. 15.84.
THE GRAIN MARKET.
Liverpool, -May 13. Wheat: There
was a steady opening this morning,
with prices to s higher, with offer
ings li?ht and tome disnosition
shown to ward off further support on I
tne strengtn in America yesterday and
the continued hot. dry weather in Rus
sia. Later and just before the close
realizing developed and the market
turned weak. Selling at this time was
attributed to favorable reports from
Argentine and predictions of havy
Russian shipments this week, together
with liberal American shipments as
shown by Bradstreet's. There was lim
ited inquiry for cargoes and the de
mand from the continent was quiet.
The market was largely under the in
fluence of week-end realizing. At the
close the tone was easy, with May un
quoted and otherwise V to lower
Corn after the opening was lower
and further declined V with the under
tone easy. There was poor spot de
mand, and predictions of liberal Amer
ican shipments this week to Liverpool,
together with predictions of liberal
Chicago Cash Grain.
Wheat No. 2 r S7,,4'S9, No. 3 r 93
i97Va, No. 2 hw 9798, No. 3 hw 95
J976, No. 1 ns 104&106, No. 2 ns 103
105. No. 3 ns 101104. No. 2 s 99i
104, No. 3 s 9S1j2, vc 95gl02, durum
Corn No. 2 548054, No. 2 w H
54, No. 2 y 5 4 34 55, No. 3 53
54, No. 3 w 53'4(554. No. 3 y 53
544, No. 4 5152';, No. 4 w 52
52, No. 4 y 5252, sgm 4C49, s.'7
Oats No. 2 w 35(g36, No. 3 w 34
3i,2. No. 4 w 34&35'4, standard
Wheat closed lower. i
Corn closed lower.
Wheat 121 6S
Corn 20S 92
Oats 163 91
To- Last Last
day. Week. Year.
Minneapolis 202 172 214
Duluth 21 11 18
Winnipeg 90 199 201
Chicago Estimates Tomorrow.
Wheat today 489,000 529,000
Year ago 477,000 344,000
Corn today 4C5.000 429,000
Year ago 320.000 727,000
Oats today 420,000 519,000
Year ago 577,000 440,000
NEW YORK STOCKS.
I'. S. Steel preferred
lT. S. Steel common
Rock Island common
New York Central
Chesapeake & Ohio ,
Brooklyn Rapid Transit ,
. 75 9i
LIVE STOCK MARKET.
Opening of Market.
Hogs 8,000. Leftover 2,100. Opened
5c higher than yesterday's average.
Mixed 6.00(8 6.374, good 6.050.25,
rough 5.86S6.00, light 6.05&6.40.
Cattle 200; steady.
Sheep 500; steady.
Nine O'clock Market.
Hogs shade higher. Light 6.05ft C.42,
rough 6.85&6.00, mixed 6.006.37,
heavy 6.05Q6.25, pigs 5.95Q6.40, bulk
Beeves 5.0006.45, cows 2.50'35.70,
stockers 4. 005. 75, Texans 4.60'&5.C5,
Sheep 3.00Q6.80, lambs 4.50 6.75.
Close of Market
Hogs closed a little higher. Mixed.
6.0506.37. good 6.0506.25, rough 5.85
06.00, light 6.0506.42.
Western Live Stock.
Hogs. Cattle. Sheep.
Kansas City .3,000 200
Omaha 4,600 100
St. Louis I 5,000
Hogs. Cattle. Sheep
Chicago 35 0kj 23,000 26,000
Hogs next week 120,000.
New York, May 13. Members' dally
average cash reserve, 2S.17 per cent.
Reserves increase, $5,084,950; less 17.
S. increase, $5,091,350; loans dec rease,
Itl 9t4 find. 1 1 .. 1 aav. . .
fiv.jiu.ouv, i k increase, . 1,4 un;
specie Increase, $H.'!).900; deposits de
ciease, $15.374, 1,00; circulation in
LOCAL MARKET CONDITIONS.
May 13. Following are the quo' a
tions on the local market today:
Butter Dairy, sic; creamery, 22ic
J Feed and Fuel.
Cornier bushel, 52c.
Forage Timothy hay, $1S.
Clover hay, $15.
Coal Lump, per bushel, 15c; slack.
Wood $4.50 per load.
Sales on Market square up to noon
Oafs, three loads at 33c.
Corn, four loads at 51c and 55cT
Hay, one load at $10.
Is a good smoke It's a SMOKE
HOUSE CIGAR. " You'll remember
the name after one trial and demajid
the same as last. At the
SMOKE HOUSE CIGAR STORE,
20(K Fourth Avenue.
THK -NOItTHWL.Tl.ltX MU
TUAL LIFE IXMUKANCE CO.
E. J. STACKIIOUSE,
I'hone W 050. 502 Safety Illdjt.