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THE ROCK ISLAND AttGUS, SATtIRDAYr MAY 20, 1911.
ALL IRISH PARTIES UNITED IN
.EVIVE GAELIC TONGUE AN
fSS) W -VTT v-k-.r.-FJ Wrrl Qf 'jC'StTxi S
f, ' Vvy:: s&X ffJi 7 , "'u 'i mW W. -' I- rfo --i
g r J J!i'p!tt
Br GEORGE WAUGH ARNOLD.
mTF HAT It Im possible d pel Irnn-
mtn together on one object
ant kp thm enthuslaatla
workers at It for mmitwn
years, dtoufh tbey differ widely 1b rc
Urtcms and political views, is proved toy
the remarkable history of the Gaelic
Its mraenrrf new In America from
the parent bedy on the "wld sod" are
the Rev. Father Michael O'Flan&gan
and Mr. Tlonan MaoOdum, and to took
after the art tsdostry side of the cam
pain are the Mleeee Marian 0Shea,
Brlrlt 0Qulnn. Klleen Noone and
Brla-lt MacLaurhtln. A mass rneetlng:
will be held In Chicago on May 11 to
celebrate the success of their winter's
propa-anda, and they hope to take
back to tbe educational fund of the
learue aa even greater fund than the
SoB.OOV subscribed by American sympa
thizers Ave years apo. ,
League Hss Dual Purpose.
The Icajrue has two purpaees One
Is the restoratioa of Gaelic as a spoken
tonrue and the other the revival of
Irish arts and Industries.
The headquarters are in Dublin, In
charge of President Iouglas Hyde, and
there are branches In each of the thir-ty-twe
ooantles In Ireland, with a total
membership of 60.000. When the league
was organised there was scarce!? a
Acres top ef cut ('eft to right), hiEtoricaHy accurate fifteenth century frock, rug weaving, lacemaking and embroidering, a genuine piper, the Rev.
Michael O'Flanagan, Fionan MacColum, another fifteenth century dress. At the bottom, a real Irish harp, a girl bagpipist, the cross of Erin, a
monk painting a missal.
school In which Gaelic was taught.
Now there are 1S1 schools In which tbe
whole course of study Is bilingual
Knplish and Gaelic and in 3.066 out of
the B.638 Irish primary schools the an
cient language is taught either as an
ordinary or as an added subject. Then
the league has established tlx summer
and four winter aolleges In which Gael
ic Is the only language used. And the
crowning victory is the determination
of the senate of the National univer
sity to make Irish a neoesnary subject
for entrance beginning with the year
The league's suceess in the revival of
arts and Industries has been quite as
great. Thousands of young folks have
bef-n made self supporting, and thou
sands more are making bigger salaries
than they ever dreamed of making ex
cept they emigrate..
Tremendous Industrial Boom.
An interesting exampie of how Ire
land's high class exports are increas
ing is shown in its trade with just one
American city, St. Louis. Four years
ago, when Father O'Flanagan first be
gan to arouse In that city public inter
est In the league, the average value of
goods Imported from the Emerald Isle
was 120,000 per year. But In 1810 there
passed through the St. Louis custom
house Irish goods to the value of $315,
1H7, -divided as follows: Linens, $2S3,
4SS; fabrics, $25,189: handkerchiefs. $12.
742: laces. $6,002: miscellaneous. $37,766.
As Father O'Flanagan said In one of
his speeches, '"fou who have endured
the pangs of sorrow, the heartbreak,
when you parted with your parents,
your relatives, your sweethearts and
friends when leaving the Green Isle
know what ft would have meant to you
to have been able to secure profitable
employment at home."
Colleens as Pretty as Clever.
The fojjr young ladies who have come
over to show their American sisters
how to train their nimble fingers to re
produce old Irish art work are experts
In their respective lines and are as
pretty as they are clever. They come
from the "four winds of Erin," and
each has the typical beauty of her lo
cality. One has sloe black hair and
deep blue eyes, another has shimmer
ing bronze hair and brown eyes, an
other brown hair, light blue eyes and
marble skin, and another auburn hair
and gray eyes.
Miss O'Shea lectureB, while Miss
0Qulnn makes Limerick lace and Irish
crochet. Miss Noone makes marquetry
and repousse leather work and Miss
MacLaughlin weaves rugs.
At the lectures the colleens wear
gowns that are historically perfect re
productions of Gaelic fifteenth century
dress. They are loose fitting tunics
made In one piece with a girdle of cord,
from which a. nurse Ik Huaait.-ifiri. Tha
designs are copied from the Book of
Kells, in Trinity college, Dublin.
"It will probably surprise most
Americana, as, I am frank to say. it did
us," said Mr. MacColum, "to know that
on thin continent there are 500,000 per
sons who speak Gaelic. There are 5t,
000 in New Tork city alone. Tou can
imagine their Interest in this revival of
their mother tongue, and we have pub-
llshed for them in the last three years
6corrs of works In Irish histories,
novels, plays, poems and operas."
Great Temperance Factor.
One very important feature of the
league is its constant teaching of tem
perance. The clergy, the employers,
the police and even the publicans are
praising it for the fine results it has
achieved. Dr. Hyde's lda is to have
all through the long- winter frequent
Gaelic concerts and dances, and the
180 organizers and traveling teachers
mil at IrnQW hW t n a (..
play the pipe as well as understand
the intricacies of the Irish vocabulary.
Then in summer there Is the feia or.
mm we would say, educational festival,
and. thacks to the league Influence, the
sight of even one drunken man at these
gatherings is extremely rare. It is
strict rule of the league that no intoxi
cants shall be offered for sale at its
festivities, and no meetings for either
business, study or sport may be held in
a house where liquor is sold.
The league is also reviving the old
Irish games and customs, including the
ceilidh, or roadside dance, and the hurl
ing match. It recognizes that healthy
amusement has become a heoelty in
modern life. It works to elevake the
tastes of the people. While piogmortog
real fun and humor. It steadSty dis
courages not only objectionable enter
tainments, but a too those which are
Gaelic Older Than Latin.
Gaelic is the principal living branch
of the old Celtic language, which was
spoken over western Europe before
Rome was built. The names of many
rivers and 'mountains in western and
central Europe prove this. Just as the
Indian names of places in America
prove that that language was once
spoken In the greater part of the Unit
ed States. For instance, there is the
river Garonne, In Franca. That would
be written in modern Irish "Oarb
hann," which means rough river. The
Rhone would be "Ruadhabhann,"
meaning red river. The termination
"abhann," meaning" "fiver , Is found all
through Great Britain under tho form
"avon." There are plenty of good old
Gaelic words In English, like "galore,"
or ettoutfh. "Shanty" is simply "sesn
tlgh," which means literally "old
Th.re are nine varieties of lace made
in Ireland, and there are about lft.ooi)
girls constantly engaged in Its manu-
facture, while there are two or three
times that number who IntermMtently
r not altogether as a moans of live
lihood work at lacemnktng. From n
to 7t cents per day of eight hours work
will perhaps be the average pay of th.
lace maker 9, although It should be stat
ed In this connection that a dnlhtr
there has about twice the purchasing
power which It has here.
All Irish lace Is made by hnnd. The
Implements are simple sewing or
crochet needles, depending upon the
design of the lace to be made, and for
certain varieties a small frame, upon
which the threads are woven. Irish
point lace Is the most expensive va
riety and sells for about $S5 per yard.
It requires two or three weeks for an
operator to produce a yard of this lace.
Of course there are masterpieces in
lacemaking. Just ns In any other
branch of art. As the value of a won
derful painting may assume fabulous
proportions, so very larte sums are
paid for lace creations which may be
classed as masterpieces.
Revival of the Bagpipe.
And through the persistence of th
league the eld Irish bagpipe has come
into its own again. It disappeared
from Irish firesides except In a few
remote districts 1n the west until its
reappearance at the Feiseanna brought
it again into popular favor. The wo
men aro taking up the study of the
bagpipe as woll as of the harp, and
a colleen with the drones over her
Agricultural Education in the Schools
What is the Purpose of the Public School?
(From Farm Institute Bulletin.)
Is tbe intention of the public school
system of tbe state of Illinois to fui
iiish merely a training school to cul
tivate the memory of the child, that
he may temporarily commit to mem
ory and recite or&lly a great mass f
worthless matter, never needed in
life, or Is its purpose to train the bo;, s
and girls for a life of usefulness, by
teaching them practical things woril-y
of remembering, aud necessary to a
knowledge of good citizenship ?
It Is not the purpote to criticises,
our present oour&e of study in the
public schools, but rather to show the
correlation of agriculture and the
school. In order to do so I wuh r
imrress, at the outset, the absolwie dc
pendence of "every ether vocation at
man upon a siiccessf-.i agriculture.
THE FACTORS OK f!.4PrirS.
The existence and happiness of ail
mankind depends -very largely upci,
three factors; food, clothing and shel
ter ail directly or indirectly pro
ducts .f agriculture.
The agricultural welfare of our
ronntry is dependent upon the schools
for success, because through th'.-m
comes the key to unlock the preat
storehouse of recorded agricultui al
In some of the oriental countries
there exis's, at present, a great fam
ine of food supplies. Why are tie
con.H; ions there and here not synony
mous? Three reasons forcibly pre
sent themselves as ample cause to
bring about famine in any country of
Tl.o first, is illiteracy.
The second, depleted soil condi
tions. The third, a very dense population.
It is estimated that in India less
than 5 per cent cf the population can
read and write. Is there any wonder
they fail in agriculture since because
of illiteracy they cannot profit by the
By the line of lowest altituif and least resist
ance Kouto of Koc k Is'.sud Lines' famous
"Golden State Limited" via El Puso, along the
borders of Old Mexico.
Provides Pullman Standard sr.d tourist sleeping
car accommodations of the highest class with d;n
inir car service and takes ycu through tho sunny
and prosperous Southwest to the Golden Coast
of the Pacific.
Another route through scenic Colorado if you
prefer. Tickets on sale at very low rates of far6.
. F. Boyd, Oiv. Pass. Agt., Davenport.
F. M. Plummer, C. P. Ajjt.,
129 Second Avenue, Rock Island.
recorded methods and facts secured
I. EARN Br EXPERIENCE OF OTHERS
A life-time is far too short to learn
by experience alone, successful anti
scientific agriculture We may derive
benefits from tbe record of failure and
success of others, as well as by per
sonal experience. The Illiterate have
jno such advantages. Establishes
facts are recorded that materially aid
in restoring to normal condition a de
' plcted soil; that will advise how to
i successfully combat the pests of fields
and flocks; that will teach how to
select proper seeds; that will 6ho,v
the test methods of cultivation cf
farm crops; that will bring about beit
resuits in animal husbandry and ex
alt the healih and happiness of both
man and beast. How Is the knowl
edge of scientific agriculture now
taught? At present agricultural col
lects and experiment fields together
with soil trains, tha organization of
farmers institutes and a very few
schools are about the only means of
disseminating this useful knowledge.
FACTOR IX MOI.DIXG SEXTIMEST.
The press and pulpit each has to
do with molding public sentiment, but
all great reforms come largely
through the schools. Until scientific
agriculture is taught in the public
schools of our land, the present meth
ods of soil depletion will surely con
tinue. The result obtained from this sci
ence will be commensurate with the ex-
I tent and methods of its being taught.
! I believe the time Is at hand when
much should be eliminated from our
1 text books, and more practical things
taught in the public schools.
A carefully formulated text book on
scientific agriculture should be avail
able to ail schools because every one's
welfare is dependent, directly or indi
rectly, upon the success of agricul
ture. Objection may arise In regard
to the Introduction of an additional
branch of study because of tbe lack of!
time "to hear recitations. In answer to ;
this f frankly admit some of the un
graded schools may lack time for ad
ditional branches, but as frankly re
cord my opinion that large percent ot
the paatter presented in the averago
text book Is of but little valne com
pared with the science of agriculture.
REMEDY FOR HARD TIME.
Our national population is almoji
on hundred millions of people. His
tory shows that It (doubles la about
Z0 rears. Surely we are not prepar
ed to feed twice our numbers. It is
possible to discover a new world to
supply additional acres of land o
meet the constant increase of popu
lation? if sot it Is surely high time
that we proclaim from the housetop,
the pulpit, tbe press, and in the public
schools, the danger of future depletiou
of soil. Let us teach, in the public
schools, that all plant and animal life
depends upon the soil for sustenance.
Let us teach that through agriculture,
as a science, we may double or treble
the present production of crops on a
given acreage at little or no increased
Many a feeder of Hve $tock lacks
the knowledge that an animal miiel
have a balanced ration of food In or
der to give best results for profit.
Many a farmer has failed for Want of
knowledge that mother earth must
possess a balanced ration of tbe ele
ments of plant food in order that her
offspring (plants) may thrive.
If disorder occurs in the human
body, a physician is called to judge
the cause and restore normal condi
tions as speedily as possible. Then
why not teach, if a certain field fails
to respond to proper seeding and cul
tivation, that it is sick and needs a
physician. Every farmer should be
possessed with knowledge to know the
lacking elements of plant food and
how to supply them. Can the farmer,
under present exhausting condition1;,
continue to supply the world with
food? Let us notice the average of
the three principal grain crops. The
state average of corn for the last 25
years Is 36 bushels per acre; of
wheat 14 bushels per acre, and of
oat 22 bushels per acre.
A COMPARISON OF CHOP YIELDS.
The state experiment farms show
an average of the same crops for five
years past as follows: Corn 89 bush
els per acre; wheat 4) bushels per
acre, and oats 66 bushels per acre. !
How were the latter results obtained?
By well established rotation of cropo
with the seed carefully selected, wkh
a View to both productiveness and
adaptability to the soil; and thor
ough cultivation at the proper time.
Few farmers' understand agricul
ture sufficiently well to teach it to
their children. Others haven't tho
time and interest to attempt it; there
fore, we may expect the average of
corn to be 36 bushels, or lefes. instead
of S3 bushels; wheat 14 instead CO and
oats 32 instead of C6 bushels per
We can expect no better results un
til the fundamentals of scientific agri
culture are taught in the public
schools, as regularly as axitbiue'ic
SALOONKEEPERS IN RIGHT
Elction at IHxon Illegal and They
Are Exonerated for Keeping Open-
Dixon, 111., May 20. The indict
ments against 13 saloonkeepers of
this city, voted by the last grand
Jury for keeping open during an
election held for school trustees on
March 18, were yesterday on motion
of John E. Erwin, attorney for the
defendants, quashed by Judge Heard
in the circuit court on the ground
that the elections were not held at
the proper time or place.
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Dr. Detchon's Relief for Rheuma
tism usualy relieves severest casei
in a few hours. Its action upon th'
system is remarkable and effective
It removes ft once the' cause and tb.i
dose greatly benefits. 76c and $1.00
Sold by Otto C.rotjan, 1501 Secon
Ave., Rock Island and Gust Schcgel
20 W. Second St., Davenport.
in sHrsisWrai I'alM-isan
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