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THE ROCK ISI2CND rARGTJS, FRIDAY, J UIA r, 19TT.
HAKE INSTEAD) . OF BAYONET TMEUST WMEN
" BLUE AND GRAY VETERANS MEET AT BULL
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By QEORQE WAUGH ARNOLD.
N July 21. JoBt fifty yeara from
B n that blacorio Sunday wbea
Jf tii Union forces met their
first eruanlnc defeat, near
Uwuui, V, at tb battle of Ball
Bus. PrualcLent Tuft win make a speech
on the monument dotted field to the
f&st thinning: ranks of both, the blue
and the rruy.
There vrtll be nothto In the scene to
compare In pomp and circumstance
witn the recent coronation of KJnjr
Gotko but In historical significance
H will Car surpass the event across the
As General Beareard said in his
story f the Confederate victory: "That
one army was flgrhtrng' for Union and
th otiier for dismnlon is a political ex
pression. The actual fact on the bat
tlefield. In th face of cannon and mus
ket, was that the Federal troops came
an Invaders and that the southern
troops stood as defenders of their
homes, further than that we need not
Qood M arterial In Both Armies.
"The armies were vastly rreater than
had ever before foug-ht on this conti
nent and were the largest volunteer ar
mies ever awnembled since the era of
rs-ular armtea. The personal material
on both sides was of exceptionally good
character and collectively pupetior to
that of any subsequent period of the
The first battle ef Bull Run was
brouTit on by the Impatience of the
norlji to capture Richmond at one dash.
The Confederates had prepared to irie-et
this dhfh and had two annies of about
32,060. men ready to dispute the Union
progress, which had to be by way of
General Irvln McDowell of the north
ern forces counted upon an operation
by General Patterson to keep tlitte
two Confederate armies apart, but Pat
terson couldn't do it, and no rotl'iM
Vushiiton. Hut the war department
failed to Inform Mcbowe!!. who there
upon marched blindly to disaster.
Won Glory In Defeat.
Three of his rr-lments. however ;
achieved undylnj honor even in the de- t
feat. They were the First Mlnnesota.
the Irish Blxty-nmth New York ami
the Camerons Highlanders, the Seventy-ninth
The crux of the bstt!e came on the
Henry honse plateau within the limits
of a square mile. McDowell's army
was victorious at first, and General
Bee's brigade of Confederates began to
waver, when Bee made his world fa
mous remark, pointing toward Genera!
Jackson's brltr.ide. "VVhy, rnen,
there 1 Jackson's brigade standing like
a stone wall!"
The Confederates did net nhoot as
w-ll as the northernexn. They scored
fifty-two hits per 1.000 bullet, while
the Union forces made e'xty-one bul
lets per 1,000 lodge lr. human tarsreta.
There were 3,600 killed and woundrl on
both sides before the retreat to V.' ash
Ins ton was bif jn.
At top, left to right, ruins of Henry hsuss, General McDowell, Stonewall Jackson tree and the famous general whose name
States monument to the unidentified dead and tree on Henry farm that is scarred with many bullets.
It bears. Below United
Just as Napoleon said, "I date from
RivoH." a battle by no means his nrst.
so many of the heroes of the civil war
"Sated" from the first Bull Run.
Says General Beauregard In another
part of his story: "The military result
of the victory was far short of w'oat
It should have been. It established as
an accomplished fact on the lndlbpen
sable basis of military succeFS the gov
ernment of the Confederate States,
which before was but a political asser
tion, but it should have reached much
"The Immediate pursuit, but for a
false alarm which checked it, would
have continued as far as the Potomac,
but must have stopped there with no
greater result than the capture of more
prisoners and material.
"The true Immediate fruits of the
victory should have been the dispersion
of all the Federal forces south of Bal
timore and east of the Alleghenles, the
liberation of the state of Maryland and
the capture of Washington, which could
have been made only by the upper Po
tomac And from the high source of j
this achievement other decisive results
would have continued to flow."
How Retreat Became Panic
Major General James B. Pry, U. S.
In telling of the retreat of the Union
forces in "Battles and Leaders of the
Civil War," says: "There was no panic
In the ordinary meaning of the word
until the retiring soldiers, runs, wag
ons and visiting congressmen in car
riages were fired upon on the road east
uf Bull Run.
"Then the panic began and. the
bridge over Cub run being rendered
Impassable for vehicles by a wagon
that was upset upon It, utter confusion
"Pleasure carriages, gun carriages
and ammunition wagons which could
not be putyicroes the Ron were aban
doned and blocked the way. and strag
glers broke and threw aalde their mus
kets and cut horses front their harness
and rode off. The officers could do
nothing. The men had decided for
themselves. They were sovereigns In
uniform, not soldiers.
I "McDowell accepted the situation, o
tailed Richardson's and lilenker's bri
gades to cover the retreat, and the ar
my, a disorganized mass, with some
creditable exceptions, drifted away
from the scene of action. When Mc
Dowell reached Fairfax Court Home
in the nlsht he was In communication
with Washington and exchanged tele
grams with General Scott in one of
which the old hero said, "We are not
discouraged.' but that dispatch did not
lighten the gloom In vhlch It was re
ceived. Then Work For Real War Began.
VMcDowell was so tired that while
sitting on the ground writing a dis
patch he fell asleep, pencil In hand. In
the middle of a sentence. Ills adjutant
general aroused him, the dispatch was
finished, and the weary ri1e to the Po
tomac was resumed. When the unfor
tunate commander dli nounted at Ar
lington next forenoon In a soaking rain
after thirty-two hours In the saddle
his disastrous campaign of six days
"The first martial effervescence of tha
country was over. The three months
men went home, and the three months'
chapter of the war ended the south,
triumphant and confident, the north
disappointed, but determined."
Senator Cummins Unhorsed
Mr. Cummins of Iowa reuewfd hia
attack on the reciprocl'y bill ia tl'e
United States senate the other day. He
had not gone far, however, before
Eoinwthrug happeced to hini. With a
fine frenry he had reached the point of
declaring: "Mark my words, the peo
ple of this country with unerring Judg
ment and Intelligence will Know who
19 responsible for putting the farmer
Into free and unlimited competition in
what he sol's while still protecting the
things he buys." And it was just here
that something happened to him. The
Associated Press report says:
"Senator Williams of Mississippi In
terrupted to read from Senator Cum
mins' inaugural address as governor of
Iowa In 1504. In this speech Mr. Cum
mins expressed the belief that the
farmer of Iowa would not suffer from
free Canadian agricultural product
more than they do from the competi
tion of nearby states.
"I remember that speech perfect
ly said Senator Cummins.
" 'But it 6eems the senator is now
almost Inconsistent In his views, said
"'I am. not,' said Senator Cummins;
'ten or even eeven years ao there
was not the danger of competition
of Canadian farm products that there
is now when the United States has j
almost ceased to be an exporter of
His explanation does cot explain.
Anyone can see that. The United
States, in the first place, has not "al
most ceased to be an exporter of euch
products." It continues to be a very
large exporter. Breadstuff s are etill
gol-.ig out from year to year in average
volume as measured by value not
more th&a 25 per cent less than was
the case ten and more years ago. The
same is true of meat and da'.ry pro- j
ducts. If the export proportion cf our J
Tital production of tarm products is
much lees than formerly, the export
volume is not strikingly less, and the
effect of making the foreign price gov
ern the home price is just the same.
But suppose the United States has
"alicost ceased" to be an exporter cf
f-uch products. How does that help
the Iowa senator? The same tenden
ries he now speaks of were as clear
ly observable In 1904. Indeed, ther
were more prophets going about theu 1
than there are now in prediction of '
la early turn of this country from ex
porter to importer of focdatuffs. But
Mr. Cummins was then ready for Can
idian reciprocity and declared It harm
less to our farmers. Now he raxes
against it when conditions and out- j
Ioch respecting our own general farm
situation remain tlie pn?ro. vi. tall.s
Hbout its "putting the far.uer i:::o free
and tinlimi' d compel ition in what he
sflU" :ts if the farmer were not there
already and likely to remain there for
ycais to come, no matter how high
the tariff on lus staple products!
Does he not know this? If he does
not, just where was it that he parted
with that knowledge of a perfectly
obvious thing which he showed him
self possessed of on being inaugu
rated as governor of Iowa seven years
! ago? People following the latter course
of these republican "progressives"
have at times had tl- question forced
upon them: Are these men sincere
or are they merely eelf-seekers? So far
at least as Mr. Cummins of Iowa is
concerned yesterday's senate debate
provides important evidence for de
ciding that question. Springfield,
Body Found;' Murder Suspected.
Fulton, 111., July 7. The body
Thams Collins of Morrison, 111., wai
found beneath a box car here yenUr
day. Ills head was crushed and, from
the position he was in, it is thought
he was murdered. He had been here
sinco the Fourth of July.
Eia:mvwiJsmgs2k.w3. sum jisragna
That has been looked forward to by so many anxious shoppers.
of bargains have found their way into every corner
one of the departments the first day, Saturday, July
'we have cut prices in every sense
of the word.
A great flood
of our store. Vjsit every
8 and be convinced that
We have the goods
desire and we have
i i ,x e r
i. lariTU JUL Ot Jieil a u
Balbriggan Colored Un
derwear, iu Bargain Base
ment, One-Half Price.
Sample line of Ladies' Fine Shoes,
worth up to $3.T. to J5.00. Our first
day's special price
cut our prices in
Early and Get
quarters, halves and even more.
One of the First Chances
75c Dress Shirts, negligee and
pleated, laundry cuffs, stripe and
A treat clearing at .....
A large assortment of EOc
Neckwear that will go at.
Onr regular 75c Union Suits
and short sleeves, final
Fine qnali ty Swiss ribbed Gauze
Vests, plain slllt taped neck and
sleeves. Great savings are very
forcibly demonstrated in this de
partment. These 25c vests
opening day will sell at....
Boys' poros knit Union Suits, sizes
6 to IS years, high neck with short
sleeves. Regular 42c value. - Q
A greaX bargain A-OLs
First Day Special Sale
Begins at 10 a. m.
200 Ladies' Dresser, in percales,
lawns, ginghams, assorted styles
and sizes, up to 12.50 value.
Special Sale, $1.00
Prices mean nothing until you
have seen the Quality.
A great discount that win Interest
everyone will be found in our laces
and embroideries. This great spe
cial discount means cost and below.
Do not hesitate to take advantage
of this wonderful saving.
off the bottom of your pur
chase check in our lace
and embroidery section.
We win place on sale about 60 . ,
dozen odd lots of Hose la fancies, '
mercerized and out sizes. - rT
Tour choice opening day....
Ladles' black Hose with double
heels and toes. While they
jlafct, your choice at
10 a. m.
Co-Opera tive Store Company.
Rock Island, 111.
Begins at ;
10 a. m.