Newspaper Page Text
The War fifty Years Ago
General McClellan Drives Confederates Out of Western
Virginia Federal Force Under Rosecrans at Rich
Mountain Defeats Colonel Pegrarn, Who, With Remnant
of Command, Tries to Rejoin General Garnett.
Pegram Surrenders Garnett Retreats, Gives Battle
at Carrick's Ford and Is Routed by General Morris.
Garnett Killed In the Battle Federa1 Capture
Cannon, Baggage and Many Prisoners "Success
Complete," McClellan Wires to Washington.
hif Annsaal Jely-Aisgest CleaFaece Sale
Beginning Saturday, July 15th and Continues until August 15th
S Discount on Everything ex-
cept a few articles on which,
price is controlled by factory j
220-24 W. 3rd St Davenport
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, FRIDAY, JULY 14, 1911.
I MTWJJ CKI H1 rV liJl Safe) M liC&l U
Br JAMES A. IDCER.TON. J
Copyright by American Press Assccia- j
tlon. 1311.3 j
THE middle of July, 1S51. faw j
the Union armies roughly la j
the folio wing positions: Gen- j
eral Bonks was holding down
the lid la Baltimore. which was yet j
under martial law; General Butler was
at Fortress Monroe still very a till, as j
a certain famous Democrat said of !
himself some decades later; General
McDowell was Just getting rer.dy to j
move against Beauregard at Manassas. I
The date for this advance was set j
originally for July S. but was deleyed j
awaiting additional troops and sup
plies from .Washington. General Pat
terson was at Martinsburg, trying to
make up ills mind whether or not to
attack Johnston. It may be remarked
In passing that Le never did make up
his mind until it was too late and
Johnston had es"aped to Manassas to j
lieip Beauregard whip McDowell.
General McClellan was resting on his !
laurels in the region of Beverly, hav- ;
ing beaten Garnett's army, killed a j
After all is said teat honestly can
be said to discredit McClellan It stilt
rrust be admitted that his conduct of
affairs in western Virginia was admi
rable. Perhaps h!s dispatches were a
triSe boastful, but he was not the only
young general guilty of that fault
With his after career this appreciatloa
has nothing to do. It relates alone to
his performances in western Virginia.
That the above estimate was the uni
versal one ma le at the time, from the
presidorit down. i evidenced by the
fact that ihi s:ug:e canipai.n Eoca
after made McClellan commander of
the Army of the Potomac and within
a few months pe-neral In chief of all
the Union arc'i.
Two things that helped General 11c
CleMan in western Virginia were the
afxong Union sentiment of .the native
population and the numerical superi-
I ority of his arciv over that of the
Confederates. At the time it was
hoped that bis success would end flghtr
Jug la that end of the state. This
proved delusive, but nevertheless the
DoUtical and other effects Sowing from
y 1 1 ' """"""l
L , I
large number of his troops, raptured
several hundred more and driven the
remainder out of western Virginia
General Lyon was approaching Fpriug
field. Mo., after a march from Boon-vtile.
Ills victories were lxnjortant.
Eattle of Eich Ilountain.
On July 10 McCielian came in sight
To understand the po
two v.rmles reference
of the enemy
slti;n of the
McClellan's campaign in western Vir- ' should be made to the accompanying
g:i;iu was of course the chief feature I IJ1:1I. Garnett with the inaia body of
of the week. Aside from this there f- Confederates was at Laurel. Colo
were unimportant skirmishes at Mar- J nt-1 I'egram with atK.ut 1..VX) south
tinsburg. Newport News and Bunker j -ru troops was guarding the pass In
Hill, Ya.. and Monroe, Mo. Congress 1 11 mountain, owl McClellan with
during the week voted on war appro- j hIs entire frce was at lioaring run.
Inflations and array bills and expelled , west of this gap.
a number of die-union penators. In th. i I'ogram believed his position could
bouse Clement L. Vallandighara of I be tcrLed. for the reason that he
Ohio began his violent opposition to jvtas in a dv-Gie with precipitous hills
the war. I guarding esch flank. Before proceed-
S ing it was neeesarv for the Union
Dicueilan 8 urniiaUT vampain. roiumander to dLslodjre him. as Pe-
- This campaign of McClellan war,
one of the most brilliant In the early
pnrt of the war. In the subsequent
controversies over hi conduct about
Washington much was said to dispar
age his personal credit in western Vir
ginia, but hi actual aohievemeut eti!!
rtmalns. It was stated, for esampie.
that the success of the campaign was
.due to his subordinate cotnruandere.
ltosecrans, Morris and others. This is
frequently true of any comma adiug
pram fct!d the key to Le enemy's po
i si:lon. This task was delegated to
: Colonel W. fci. lioseeran.-.
j About S o'cljfk on the morning of
J July 11 Rosecrans, with four regi
ments and a troop of cavalry, began
a inarch t;p Rich mountain. The way
j was most oUJTieuit, as It lay through a
primeval wilderness covered by tlui
! btr, underbrush and fallen logs and
J up tLe sides of a mountain, that was
j almost iaaccesdible. To add to the
general, as subordinates must do the)"'"'1 B"ul"a'iUI1 WU3
actual fight'ng. bnt the chief mnst j BF 3 o'clock lu the afternoon Rose
take tbe responsibility for approving cr-iUS' forc-es had marched about eight
and executing plans and therefore Is , aud were on b -P Eich
entiUed to the lion's share of the glory, j nwuntaLi. one mile from Pegram'a
Iranip. Suddenly without warning
" i (hnr Tforn ro-1 ... ) . w macl-a.-l V.
j tery. The Union commander supposed
i his erpediticn had beea kept secret
j from the enemy, but it appears that
j a messenger tent tfter him by Mc-
Cieilan Lad fahen into the hands
of Pegram, axid the movement was
j thus reveaied. Pegram fcaitily sent
out a battery end about K0 men to
! intercept Itosecraas, and lc was this
force that had made the attack.
Rosecrans bad so guns to answer
i the fire, but Immediately formed his
rtgiments in line of battle, sending.
out a skirmish line In advance and
j CEUtiocing the main body of his troops
to lie low In the grass, where the Con
federate re went over their heads.
D. tfi-5'P'-3CC "''T'n'Q ' Theri was erce Cghtlng between the
Dwl31i J- JLw-il J advance guard and the foe. and In the
j midst of it the southerners charged
,'ont of their hastily construct d works.
This was llosecrans opportunity. The
main body of the Union froo; now
charged bayonets, and alter a hvt j
Cghc the Ccufetitrate Line broke, the j
men feeing down the mounUthi side j
toward Pegrain's canjp.
The whole. jicUoa jLdiiot, list, ma J
Restaurant No 2
1014 2d Ave.
From 1 1 to 2 p. m.
)PEN DAY NIGHT
J. .E. Whited, Prop.
s ini PI
The very announcement of this annual rent is sufficient to attract hundreds to our store
during the next four weeks. In order to accomplish the greatest results in the shortest
time we quote prices which are Impossible during balance. of year.
Those who have attended these sales before know from experience the high
character of the goods and no assurance Is needed from us that all articles
are taken direct from our stocks aad priced to move quickly during this
festival of furniture bargains.
It ts with pardonable pride we claim the ever Increasing volume of our business Is due to
our untiring efforts to "DO BUSINESS ON THE SQUARE." It is for this reason we are
willing that each customer 6hall read our prices with his or her own eyes and that you
may do this we mark
ALL PRICES IN PLAIN FIGURES
uot only during our annual sale but every day In the year.
Aside from the goods advertised, reductions In the. same ratio prevail
throughout our entire four floors and basement. We cannot enumerate all
of them in thl3 advertisement, so whatever you wish in Furniture. Floor
Coverings, Draperies, Stoves, etc., come to our store during this Big Sale
and save 20 of regular price. Watch our "ADS" for special weekly Bar
gains we may advertise just what you want.
Convenient Time Payments for those desiring them.
BUY NOW SAVE 20
For the convenience of those who desire to save 20 on their purchases for
later delivery we will allow you to Buy during the sale and we will bold all
goods free of charge until you want them delivered.
Out of Town Buyers We Pay the Freight.
Buy all you want save the 20 and we will PAT TlfE FREIGHT to 100
mile8 this sale will pay you to come from any distance you will be more
than repaid by the big 20 savings. -M , - J
These Sales Absolutely Save You 20-'
We hold but two big 20 sales a yeai" summer and winter, and then
make them of the genuine kind. If we advertise an article at a cut price
ycu can bank on us having It but we do insist that to reap the benefit
of our sales you must make your purchase within the sale dates One day
late means 20 lost.
Only Two Articles Restricted From This Sale.
Detroit Jewel Gas Stoves All Refrigerators 20 off
Save 20 on your Gas Stove. I QtHttteaae m l n
J9.50 Gas. less 20 $7.GO US i LiOi
Save 20 on your Gas Stove.
$9.50 Gas. less 20 $7.60
$15.00 Gas. less 20, S12.00
$19.00 Gas. less 20 S15.S0
$25.00 Gas, less 20 $20.00
$30.00 Cabinet, less 20.$24.OO
$2.13 Gas n.-ttes SI. 72
HOTEST WEATHER YET TO COME
Just Uka cut.
Regular $14.00 On sale for $9.95.
Also have on sale five-legged square Table 1?K.05
so!M on'a 6 ft. long sale price ........... pO'
$27.50 Kitchen Cabinet
This great labor saver the Hoosier
Special, valued at $27.50, will be given
away absolutely FREE to some one
at the conclusion of our July-August
20 discount sale.
YOU DON'T HAVE to make a pur
chase you can live in or out of Dav
enport it makes no difference.
Call us by phone (916) or ask one of
our salesmen how to get this great
Hosier Kitchen Cabinet
The manufacturer has sent this
HOOSIER SPECIAL to us free of
charge with the understanding we
give it away without cost to any one
they also allow us to sell the HOOS
IER SPECIAL for two weeks only for
$25.00 fiat no less you will save
$2.50 if you buy cow, and you can pay
for It In WEEKLY PAYMENTS.
Radical Jiily-Angusl Redactions in Rugs
During this sale we intend to dispose of all drop patterns and discontinued numbers tn
various size Rug3 and Carpets. To do this we will close these out at great reductions.
Practically all of our new Fall Rugs are now in stock and are subject to the 20 dis
count, the same as all other goods in the house.
Wilton Velvets, Kilmornock Scotch Rugs, Blgelow's Body Brussels, Hodges Kaba Wool
Rugs, Tapestry Brussels. Art Squares, Rag Rufjs. :" fart ' Fioor Coverings in stock
Buy now and 6ave 20 .
THIS H00SIEK KITCHEN CABINET FREE
ay mi -kla n
Dressers and Chiffoniers
Many odd Dressers and Chiffoniers In
broken suites are marked way below
regular price to move off the floor.
Too will And bargains galore.
Exact' i ,. Cut.
Solid oak base40-iach long glass la be vet
ed and is 21x28, of very kst Quality. Our
regular $19.00 value Q- 0.75
DRESSER EXTRA SPECIAL.
1 Exactly M
Upholstered In Boston Imitation
leather, full spring seat, frame beau
On sale .....
AH Davenports, Including Ae famous Daven-o and Kindel
are Included tn this big 20 saving. 20 saved on a good
piece of furniture means a whole lot.
Solid Oak 3 drawer large
French ifirror only
This big special while they last soUd
oak. box seat Diner upholst- Q- rj
ered In genuine leather. ..... J 1
Porch and Lawn
20 off on all we don't want to carry over a piece
of these goods. Take your pick of anything Id the
tore !t all goes Porch Swings, Couch Hammocks,
Lawn Swings, Benches, Porch Chairs and Rockers
of all kinds. A fine opportunity to get tig saving
on Heywood's Brown Reed furniture.
All Prices in Plain Figures
A: t -J-.i rrr?v
v y u b
20 oft on all Office Furniture take
advantage of this saving arid make
your ofTUe look inviting
This 2incb Post Iron B&d In Vernls
Martin Cnibh for Q7.95
hour and a half. The numbers en
gaged were about LSOO on the Union
side and 900 on that of tbe Confed
erates. The Union losses were eighteen
killed and forty wounded, that of the
foe about 140 killed and a much larger
number weended and made prisonera,
tbe total loss being more than 40A
Jh.ifi.wakxown.as tte battle of Rich
Mountain, and in reward for' winning
tt Boflecmia was made a brigadier
HcClell&ii Taces Pegram.
While this engagement was being
fought on top of XUco mountain Gen
eral McClellan had brought up his en
tlre , forces . facing -Pegram. readyto
!g1ve battle the next morning. Threat
ened thus from two sides, with more
than half bis army lost or scattered.
the Confederate commander broke
camp during the night and tried to re
join Garnett. With his own rear thus
I exposed by i'egrura s defeat and with
drawal, Garnett In turn fled before
At first General Garnett tried to re
turn to Beverly and escape to the
south, but McClellan was too swift for
hint and occupied Beverly first Then
the Confederate commander turned
north and risked the hazardous chance
of eluding pursuit and getting through
the mountains by way of St. George.
riui.g peasant) KB fjjmsumsA
aoouc vainly and on the 12th off&m
to surrender his entire command, Thi
tender was accepted the next Li
TLere were only about 000 men lef
the remainder Laving escaped fro
the valley as best they could.
General Morris and Captain 1L "Wj
(Continued on Page Wxitta.)