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SIXTY-FIRST YEAR. NO. 42.
TUESDAY. DECEMBER 5, 1911. FOURTEEN PAGES.
PRICE TWO CENTS.
MAMAS SENTENCED; 1
FOR LIFE, OTHER 15 YEARS
INDICTED PACKERS FAIL M
SUPREME COURT APPEAL
James J. Writes State
ment of Dynamiting of
DID NOT MEAN TO KILL
Purpose, He Says, to Scare
Owners Court Calls Him
Worse Than Murderer.
Loi Angeles, Cal., Dec. 5.
James B. McNamara was sen
tenoed to life Imprisonment at
San Quentin prison.
John J. McNamara was sen
tenced to San Quentin for 15
Los Angeles, Dec. 4 James
B. McNamara' s brief confes
sion,. penned by his own hands,
was made public today. He
says. "Sept. SO, 1910, at
5:40 p. m., I placed in the Ink
alley portion of the Times
building a suitcase containing
16 sticks of 80 per cent dyna
mite, set to explode at 1 the
next morning. It was my in
tention to injure the building
and scare the owners. I did
not intend to take the life of
any one. I sincerely regret
these unfortunate men lost
their fires. If giving my life
would bring them back I would
gladly give it. In fact, in
pleading guilty to murder in the
first degree I have placed my
life in the hands of the state."
r IRTISH IMPORTANT PACTS.
The confession 1. r.hblTs?r 1
only written statement of the ease
that will erer be made by the writer
or his brother, John J. McNamara,
who plead guilty of dynamiting the
Llewellyn Iron works.
James B. McNamara, life impris
onment at San Quentin prison. John
J. McNamara, imprisonment for 15
years in San Quentin.
END OP STATE'S CASE.
These were the sentences passed
by Judge Bordwell upon the self
confessed dynamiters today, and so
was closed, as far as the state la
concerned, one of the most sensa
tlonal cases ever brought before the
court. The trial, suddenly stopped
by the confessions of the McNamaras,
attracted attention in every section
of the country, especially at labor
centers because of the great Interest
taken by the unions who, believing
In the Innocence of the accused men,
contributed ilberslly to the defense
funds. Hours preceding the final
scene in the famous case crowds
gathered in the building where court
When all was ready Judge Bord
well mounted the bench, a moment
later Attorney Darrow, chief counsel
for the defense followed by Lecompte
Davis and Joseph Scott entered. Be
hind them trailed the McNamaras.
After the usual preliminaries, Mc
Namara's confession was read. Re
sponding to the court's inquiry, Mc
Namara said the statement v as cor
rect The court made formal a
statement reciting the indictment
for murder of Charles J. Haggerty
upon which McNamara plead guilty.
McNamara declined to make any
further statement. Prosecuting At
torney Fredericks made a formal
statement declaring there was no
dickering or bargain in the matter.
MTRDFRKR AT HRtHT.
Judge Bordwell, addressing the
defendant, commented on his decla
ration that he did not intend to Ho
st roy life. "The circumstances are
against that statement," the court
said. "A man who will place 16
sticks of dybaoiite in a place where
you, knew gas was burning
in many places, and knew
many were tolling, must have had
no regard for life; must have been
a murderer at heart and undeserving
JOHV J. IS 11. EXT.
For reasons other than such a
plea of non-intent. Judge Bordwell
declared he would Impose the pen
alty of Imprisonment for life. John
J. McNamara came next. The Llew
ellyn Iron works Indictment was
read to him by the Judge. He said
he had nothing to say. District At
torney Fredericks, however, said
that as in the other case, a plea of
gu'lty permitted consideration, but
pleaded that the defendant. John J.
McNamara, be given " a few years
of freedom at the end of his life."
RF.Tl RSEIJ TO JAIL.
Judge Bordwell declared the Bfict
' ures against James B. McNamara
would also apply to him. Clemency,
Forecast Till 7 P. M. Tomorrows for
Rock Island, Davenport, MoUno,
Fair tonight, Wednesday Increas
ing cloudiness. Warmer tonight
with the lowest temperature slight
ly above the freezing point.
Temperature at 7 a. m. 39. High
est yesterday 38, lowest last night
Velocity of wi3 at 7 a. m. 4 miles
Relative humidity at 7 p. m. 70,
at 7 a. m. 70.
Stage of water 2.7, a rise of .2 in
last 24 hours.
J. fcL 8 HEWER. Local Forecaster.
(From noon today to noon tomorrow.)
Sun sets 429. rises 7:06; moon sets
706 a. m.; 10:08 p. m eastern time,
full moon; planet Mercury seen in
he said, was not because of merit as
to intent He then Imposed sentence
of 15 years In San Quentin prison.
The McNamaras were taken from
court back to JalL Their counsel left
the room almost at once, and the
crowd filed out Judge Bordwell also
left at once, returning to his chambers.
The McNamara brothers faced to
day the legal outcome of their own
pleas of guilty In the sentences de
termined for them by Judge Bord
well. For both District Attorney
Fredericks desired clemency life im
prisonment for James B. and 14 to
20 years Imprisonment for John J.
With the announcement of the pro"
posed plea for clemency came in
formation that the brothers had fur
nished information of great value in
the investigation of an alleged far
reaching dynamiting conspiracy and
that both would be summoned before
the federal grand Jury now in ses
ONLY PARTLY TRITE I BURKS.
Cleveland. Ohio, Dec. 6. Detective
William J. Burns today declared Mc
Namara' confession Is only partly
true, and called attention to his failure
to tell "how he knocked off gas cocks
and flooded with gas the place where
the suit case Ailed, . with d ynamlte was J
E ARROWS PEE S8M00.
New York, Dec. 5. Darrow'a fee for
defending the McNamaras is not less
than $50,000, according to Secretary
Morrison of the American Federation
of Labor, custodian of the defense
funds. Morrison says over $200,000
was subscribed to the McNamara fund.
and nearly all has been spent Money
received since me comessions were
mads he returned to the contributors.
Gompers, Morrison, and other labor
leaders, met here with counsel today
to discuss the Bucks stove and range
contempt case. It Is said at a meet
ing of labor leaders tomorrow steps
will be taken to eettle labor troubles
all over the country so unions may de
vote their entire time to the crisis now
HAD BIG ALLOWANCE.
Cleveland, Dec 6. "It is perfect
ly true that the executive council of
the Iron Workers' union voted
monthly fund of $1,000 to be paid
to John J. McNamara. There is
plenty of evidence to substantiate
the charge that this money was
knowingly voted for the purpose of
paying it to James B. McNamara and
Ortie McManigal and that it was us
ed by them in their dynamiting op
erations. That was the statement
of William J. Burns, who arrived
here last night from Akron
"That he was going after "the men
higher up" and a criticism of Sam'
uel Gompers were other points em
phatically emphasized by Mr. Burns
The detective spent the day in Ak
ron where he Investigated the Ber
ber Iron works explosion of July,
AFTER "HIGHER ITS."
"We are going after the men back
of the McNamaras," said Burns and
the investigation will be pushed en
ergetlcally till we bring to Justice
the men who are really responsible
for the dynamiting outrages over the
"I have lately come from Indian-
spoils, where I conferred with Unit
ed States District Attorney Charles
W. Miller. Enough evidence will be
brought before the grand Jury at its
meeting there Dec 14, to cause
number of indictments.
"When Samuel Gompers tells the
people that he was deceived in the
McNamaras, he la uttering a lot of
drivel and buncombe. It is Gom
pers who Is fooling organized labor,
lor ne anew me Mcroamaras were
guilty and yet after we had arrested
them he came to Indianapolis and
sat in conference with them."
QUASHED BY COURT
St Louis, Dec. 5- United State
District Judge Triber today quashed
an Indictment against E. G. Lewis
charging him with using the msOs to
defraud, and upheld the pleas in abate
ment filed by attorneys for Harry M.
Godfrey and other defendants in the
twin Insurance cases, except Harry
If & iV C','VV'A I
I vJ" .V- - I ) y y
3 AMES B. McXAMARA, JOHN J.JIcXAMABA, AND JUDGE BORD
WELL. WHO SENTENCED THEML
SUN YAT SEN
M A i 0F HOUR
Corning of Revolutionary
Leader Anxiously Await
ed in China.
HAY UNITE FACTIONS
Empire Drifting Into . Political
Ph.ft. Pessimistic Fore
Shanghai, China, Dec. 5. Each
day brings keener apprehension that
China is drifting into political chaos
and the situation inspires the most
pessimistic forebodings from impar
tial observers. Revolutionary Juntas
here are marking time, awaiting the
arrival of Dr. Sun Yat Sen.
TASK DIFFICULT OXE.
It is hoped he may prove to be
the leader whom every, one is seek
ing. If he can line up the various
revolutionary chiefs and unify the
movements solutions of China's trou
bles can be hoped for. The task is
a difficult one, however. There are
dissensions everywhere among the
rebels, especially at Wu-Chang and
DESERTIONS CAUSE FALL.
The fall of HanrYang last week
proves to have been due entirely to
wholesale desertions of rebel troops
enrolled in Hu-Nan province. Com
plete collapse of the imperial govern
ment is regarded here as imminent.
And there is as yet nothing stable
to take its place.
UNABLE TO GET TOGETHER. ;
The revolutionists thus far have
been incapable of effecting any co
hesion among themselves and unleLS
Dr. Sun Yat Sen proves to be the
man of the hour they will be found
far less efficient if called upon to
take up the responsibility of a na
DURBAR PAVILION IS
DESTROYED BY FIRE
Delhi. India, Dec. 5. The magnifi
cent pavilllon in the Durbar camp,
with its massive silver supports and
brilliant decoration, in which the emperor-king
was to be received by the
Indian princes on his arrival here,
burned today. This is the second dis
astrous fire in the Durbar camp with
in a week.
LOSSES ARE HEAVY
IN ITALIAN ATTACK
Tripoli, Dec 5. Twenty thousand
Italians yesterday attacked and oc
cupied the Turkish military camp on
the oasU of Aln-Zara, near Tripoli,
after a severe battle in which both
sides axe reported to have lost heav
ily. As a result of the battle the
oasis around Tripoli is cleared of
Turks who are forced from the
coast and away from the basis of
GHscom Says No for T. R.
Washington. Dec 5. Lloyd C.
Grtscom, former president of the
New York county republican com
mittee, while a house caller today,
said he was sure Roosevelt would
not be a candidate for the republi
can presidential nomination.
SAYS THAT U. S.
Bonilla Backed to Force Mor
gan Deal Is Charge of
PUTS IT UP TO CQNGRESS
E-Minister Prepares Case for Pres
entation to Members at . Wash
ington. New Orleans, La., Dec. 5. The Unit
ed States state department encourag
ed the successful Bonilla revolution lw1
ed the successful Bonilla revolution l-
Honduras-last December as ' a' means
IrnmenfcoNBlgn the Morgan loan agree.
ment, declares Juan 1 E. Pared es, for
mer special financial - minister from
Honduras to the United States. . He
has issued a 200-page booklet for pre
sentation to senators and congress
men at Washington.
CHARGES OF AN ULTIMATUM.
Senor Paredes publishes the corre
spondence which passed among the
governments of Honduras, Great Brit
ain and the United States relating to
the loan. Paredes declares the Ameri
can state department virtually submit
ted to President Davlla of Honduras
the following ultimatum
"The protectorate and the Morgan
loan or the revolution."
Davlla, he says, was forced to agree
to the proposition, and ordered the
Morgan agreement to be signed.
FEARS OF SUBJUGATION.
"Is it the intention of President
Taft," says the booklet, "to subjugate
Honduras and turn the country over
to the dominance of Wall street finan
ciers? Will 'dollar diplomacy go this
"The subjugation of the group of lit
tie Central American republics will
mean the abandonment of the Monroe
doctrine, the destruction of the pan-
American union, a reproach to the
United States which has so long
championed the rights of independ
ence, freedom and democracy and a
source of bitter feeling and hatred
between the races on this hemis
phere." L0RIMER COMMITTEE
HEARING IS RESUMED
Washington, Dec. 6. The senate
Lorimer committee resumed hear
ings this afternoon with Fred G.
Hull and F. U Brown of Chicago as
scheduled witnesses. Hull is official
of transportation of the Illinois Cen
tral and Brown a conductor. They
are called to Identify passes made
out to Charles A. White, who con
Patient Directs Surgeons.
New Haven, Conn., Dec 6. Dr. Louis
S. Booth, an attending physician at a
local hospital, was operated upon for
appendicitis without taking an anaes
thetic. He was placed upon . the op
erating table and allowed to watch the
operation and to make suggestion as
to bow it should be done.
Chicago Gas Injunction.
Chicago, Dec 5. The city today se
cured a temporary -injunction restrain
ing the gas company from violating
the 70-cent gas ordinance. Pending
the hearing for a permanent injunction,
Judge Scanlan ordered impounded the
difference between the SO-cent rate of
the ordinance price.
Fifteenth at Manila.
Manila, Dec. 5. The 15th In
fantry landed here today. It is be
lieved its stay will be only temporary.
r H f n P i fif tblngs
H a S 1 n 1 1 1 11 1 1 IX ll iT"'""1'
ul V I U 1 ULIUriIlU Firs
Confession ' Clears Mys
tery of; Wennerstrom
Tragedy Last Fall.
THROW BODY IN A RIVER
Forest Knapp, in Jail in Chica
go, Alleged to Have Fur
Chicago, Dec. 6. The mystery of
the killing of Frederick Wenner-
slrom,' a ohauffeur at Carey, 111
Sept. 4 last, was cleared by an alleg
ed confession of - Forest Knapp of
Battle Creek, Mich., now Jailed
here. An admission is said to have
been made by Knapp's brother-in-
law,' David Mawhood, a paroled con
vict from Jackson, Mich., that 1 he
helped weight the body and threw
it into the Fox river. Edward Allen, a
cousin of Mawhood, is in jail -at
Woodstock, 111., . In connection with
the case. Detectives have gone to
Coldwater, Mich., to arrest George
Birch, John Lynch and James Men
zer in . the belief they know some
thing of the gang's operations.
Frank , Hunter, the seventh member
of the gang, it Is said, was slain and
his body thrown into Lake Michl
gan after a quarrel over a decision
of the spoils. -
AI.LEN BOUND OVER.
Chicago, Dec 5. Edward Allen
today was held to the McHenry coun
ty grand Jury at Woodstock. 111., for
complicity in the murder of Chauf
feur Wennerstrom at Carey, 111.,
Sept. 4. The action follows the con
fession of Forest Knapp and David
EARLY VOTE IN LOS
ANGELES IS HEAVY
Los Angeles, Dec. 5. The election
is progressing quietly. The polls
close at 6 this , evening. - Leaders of
both the "good government", and so
cialist forces claimed a big early vote
and presaged victory , for their candi
Neck Broken In Fall. .
Hammond, Ind, Dec 6. While tight
ening a pipe with a monkey wrench,
August Fessinger of Bobertsdale fell
backward off a stairway and broke his
neck. Death was instantaneous.
"- Boy Drowned Skating.
Champaign, III., Dec 5. Adrian Hen
derson, 15 years old,, of Urbana, was
drowned while skating at Crystal Lake.
PRISON AS CURE
FOR TRUST EVILS
George W. Perkins Says Fines
Fail to Stop Law-Breaking
STRONGER ACT IS ASKED
Department of Commerce Should
Gnat licenses And. Control
ToungBtown, Ohio, Dec. B. Prison
sentences for Individuals responsible,
not fining of the corporations, was the
plan advanced here by George W. Per
kins, New York financier, as the cure
for the trust eviL Mr. Perkins said
the government should retain the
basic idea of the Sherman law, but
should strengthen Its purpose.
The first step toward curbing of
corporations, he said, was to augment
the powers of the department of com
merce and labor so as to give it full
control over interstate and interna
tional companies. Each concern
should be forced to obtain a charter
or license from the bureau, and in
order to comply with this charter each
concern should be forced to submit to
the department reports on every de
tail of its business.
"The situation demands immediate
relief," said Mr. Perkins, "and If con
gress cannot promptly formulate a
new and comprehensive program, then
the president, with the consent of con
gress, should at once appoint a com
mission to take up the great problem
that confronts us, and no further step
of a nature disturbing to business
should be taken by the government
until that commission has made its
DissoLtrnoir not solutioit.
Mr. Perkins said that development
of the last six months have made three
clearer In regard to trust con-
Ttarre -irs ; - :-
First That dissolution is not a o-
Iution, because we are after substance,
Second That the United States In
its auest for commerce must have
large business concerns.
Third That the people are not
afraid of the size of these concerns,
but are afraid of the methods and
practices pursued in the past, and de
termined that these methods and prac
tices shail not be pursued in the fu
CHIEF EVILS OF SYSTEM.
Following are the chief evils with
which the corporations are threaten
ing the country, said Mr. Perkins:
Overcapitalization and stock water
ing of corporations.
The unbridled control by a few men
of huge aggregations of capital in
Secret, unscrupulous, blind-pool
Unfair distribution of profits be
tween capital, labor and consumer.
SEEKS STRONGER LAWS.
Mr. Perkins said the Sherman law
must be amended to a higher order of
efficiency and continued:
"Personally, I believe the foMowing
to be a constructive suggestion: That
we retain the basic idea of the Sher
man law; that we strengthen its pur
pose by making clear that crime and
guilt are personal and not corporate;
by making the punishment fit the
Crime; by making clear that men who
violate statutes drawn in plain, un
mistakable English are not to be fined,
100 ILLINOIS DELEGATES
TO WATERWAY CONGRESS
Chicago, Dec. 5. One hundred
delegates and others' from Chicago
and vicinity left for Washington at
6:45 o clock last evening in a spe
cial train over the Baltimore & Ohio
railroad to attend the national rlv
era and harbors congress at the na
tional capital on Dec 6, 7 and 8
They will arrive in Washington at 4
o'clock this afternoon. The party
Governor Deneen, Springfield;
Harold F. McCormick, T. Edward
Wilder, Mr. and Mrs. Calvin H. Hill,
W. L. Dodge, Phillip W. Selpp, Mr.
Folsom, C. H. Vail, Mr. Price, W. A
Lydon, B. J. Kelly, H. H. Walker,
Edwin A. Potter, Charles, A. Pla
mondon, Charles F. Gunther, James
McMillan, H. C. Gardner, A. M. Barn
hart, T. J. Dol&n, George Kuebler,
F. M. Rlttenhouse, Lyman E. Coo
ley, William II. Lee, D. A Campbell,
F. A- Lindstadt, K. Frank Peterson,
H. V. Coes. W. R. Humphrey, E. H.
Heidkamp, Edward Clifford, J. J.
Armstrong, Spencer Ward and Mr.
Trissal, all of Chicago; William E.
Meese. George W. Johnson, Mollne;
Captain Bryson, Davenport; Mr.
Sackett, Mr. Anderson, Mr. McDon
ald, Lock port. 111.; Professor David
Kinley, Champaign, III.; E. S. Mon
roe, Joliet, 111.;' William O. Bruce,
Milwaukee; H. T. , Clarke, Omaha;
W. B. Waite, Chamberlain, 8. D.;
Herman Schreier .Sheboygan, Wis.;
Charles E. Deland, Pierre, if. D.
Chicago Beef Barons Must
Face Federal Jury .
LAST STRAW IS BROKEN
Are Charged With Criminal
Violation of the Sherman
Washington, Dec. 5. The
supreme court of the united
States today refused a stay in
the Chicago packers' case.
Chicago, Dec. 5. United
States District Attorney Wil
kerson who has prosecuted the
cases against the packers was
elated at the news from Wash
ington . The government, he
says, is ready to proceed with
the trial tomorrow morning.
ENDS LOXQ LEGAL CONTEST.
The packers are cited to appear
tomorrow in the federal court in
Chicago on federal indictments al
leging criminal violations of - the
Sherman anti-trust law. Today's ac
tion by the supreme court will per
mit the trial to proceed. The court's
decision was the final step in a long
legal contest to avoid trial at this
DISMISSAL MOTION DENTED.
Washington, Dec 6. The com
merce court today denied a motion
to dismiss further proceedings be
fore that tribunal in the Infamous
transcontinental long and short haul
freight rate cases.
UNDER U.S. CONTROL
campaign to place liquor traffic un
der direct control of the interstate
commerce commission, and to obtain
legislation to prevent shipment of
liquor into prohibition states was be
gun today at a conference of prohi
bition workers from every Btate in
President Taft and Secretary Wilson
werj assailed as enemies of prohibi
tion by Clarence Wilson president of
the conference. Wilson declared all
through his public career the presi
dent has shown he Is a foe of prohibi
tion. Secretary Wilson was scored for
his connection with the recent brew
MESSAGE OF TAFT
Washington, Dec. 5. The presi
dent's annual message, delivered to
Cay, was devoted entirely to the trusts.
It was vigorously applauded on the
republican side of the house, where
it was read shortly after noon. The
entire house listened 'attentively to
the president's recommendations. The
senate, with Jts late house meeting,
2 o'clock, did not receive the mes
sage until that time. Many senators
had already been provided with copies
from the house supply.
(The message of President Taft, de
livered today, Is printed in full on
page 10 of this issue. Editor Argus.)
Speaker Clark announced today he
would take no action on the petition
for the impeachment and expulsion of
Representative Littleton. The speak
er's decision was based upon the
ground the petition contained nothing
of a pertinent matter of business for
In the house, Hamlin urged a bill re
quiring expenditures from the secret
fund of the state department be re
ported to congress. The president, iu
a resolution, was asked what countries
had applied for free admission of print
paper and pulp wood.
LA FOLLETTE ALLIES
PLAN ON PRIMARIES
Milwaukee, Wis., Dec. 5. Support
ers of La Follette are in Milwaukee
today for the purpose of attending a
conference of the Wisconsin branch
of the National Progressive league. It
is planned to reach 'an agreement upon
those who shall be supported at the
primaries for delegates to the repub
lican "national convention. Governor
McGovern is spoken of most generally
as likely to head the delegates-at-Urge.
Two Killed In Freight Wreck.
Kent, Ohio, Dec. 5. Two persons
were killed and four injured in a col
lision between two Erie freight trains
here in a fog yesterday. -
Wants 8haker Held Without Bail.
Kissiminie, Fla., Dec 5. A mo-'
tion asking that Egbert Gllette, the
aged Shaker, be held without bail
until the next term of court was fil
ed here by State's Attorney Jones.