Newspaper Page Text
rnTE TCOCK ARGUS. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1912.
TAFT FOR RAISE
IN MAIL RATES
In Message to Congress, Presi
dent Concur in Recommen
dation of Commission.
INCREASE CENT A POUND
FerfodicaJs and Vewnpaper Are Af-
fected -Con tin oe Free in
'Washington, Feb. 22. President Tart
bas scut to both bouse of congress a
special memage, accompanied by the
annual report of the postsMster gen
eral for the fiscal year ended Jane 30,
1911, and the report of tbe federal com
mission on second Maes mail matter.
Tbe president's message Is as follows:
To the Senate and House of Rep re
In transmitting tbe annual report of !
tbe postmaster general for tbe fiscal
year ended June 3D, 1011, it gives me
pleasure to call attention to the fa.-t
that the revenues for the fiscal year
ended June 30, 1911, amounted to $237,
$879,823.60 and that the expenditures
amounted to $237,030,704.43, making a
surplus of $219,118.12. For the year
ended June 30. 1909, the postal service
was In arrears to the extent of $17.
47S.770.47. In tbe interval this very
large deficit has been changed Into a
surplus, and that without the .curtail
ment of postal facilities. Indeed, in tbe
name time there have been established
3,744 new postoffioos, delivery by car
rier provided in 180 additional cities
and new rural routes established. 2.516
in number and aggregating 00.C79 miles
The force of postal employees has
been increase! by more than 8,000, and
a liberal policy in tbe matter of sala
ries bas been followed, so that tbe
amount eipended for salaries is now
$14,000,000 more than two years ago.
Tbe average salary has been increased
from $8C9 to $'Jt;7 for rural carriers,
$979 to $1,082 for postoffice clerka,
$1,021 to $1.0S4 for city letter carriers
and JUGS to $1,183 for railway postal
The Festal 8avings 8itam.
The report shows that the postal sav
ings system was begun experimentally
in January, 1911, and that it has now
been extended so as to Include 7,500
presidential potttofflces, which Includes
practically all of tbe postofiices of that
class. Preparations are also being
made to extabJluti tbe system at about
40,000 fourth class oftVes. Tbe de
posits In eleven months Lave reached a
total of $ll.uoo,K). distributed among
2,710 national and state banks.
The jwstruaster general recommends,
ns I bare done iu previous messages,
the adoption of a parcel post, and the
lieglnulng of this in the sanitation
of such service on rural routes and in
tbe city delivery servlre first. Tbe
placing of assistant postmasters in the
classified service bas secured grester
efficiency. It Is hoped that the same
tblug may be done with all the post
masters. The report of the postmaster genera)
is fu'.l of statements of the Important
improvements in the organization and
methods of tbe postal service made
since the In.t snuunl report and of ten
tative drafts of legislation embodying
certain recommendations of the depart
ment which tn-cd legislation to carry
Oapeees Government Control ef Tela
There is ouly oue recommendation in
wblcr. I canuot agree that is. one
which recommends that the telegraph
Hues in the United States should be
made a part of the postal system and
operated lit conjumtiou with the mall
system. This presents a question of
government ownership of public utili
ties which are now being conducted by
private enterprise under franchises
from the government. 1 believe that
tbe true principle Is that private enter
prise should be permitted to carry on
such public utilities under due regula
tion as to rates by proper authority
rather than that tbe government should
Itself conduct tbem. This principle I
favor because I do not think it in ac
cordance with the best public policy
thus greatly to increase tbe body of
public servants. Of course if It could
be shown that telegraph service could
be furnished to the public at a less
price than it is now furnished to the
public by telegraph companies and
with equal efficiency tbe argument
might be a strong one In favor of the
adoption ef the proposition.
Rut I am not satisfied from any evi
dence that if. these properties were
ASK MB. BROWN
Here's Some Important News for
Men Who Are Growing IUld.
People who have taken our word
for It that PARISIAN SAGE la the
real hair grower, beautifier and dan
druff cur have never been disap
pointed. Here's the word of a per
son who took our word:
"I have been using PARISIAN'
SAGE about a year. When I began
to use It I had only a light 'fuss' on
ray bead. Now I have a good thick
growth, and it is growing - thicker
and longer right along. Many peo
ple don't believe it can be done, but
I know from my own experience
with PARISIAN BAG 13 that it can;
I recommend it in tbe fullest confi
dence. Gains. Brown, 708 North
Fillmore street, Maryville, Mo.
The above statement was made to
Dr. C. D. Koch of the Koch phar
macy, Maryvllle, Mo.. April 29, It 11.
Large bottle $0 cents at the Harper
House pharmacy and druggists
sogrwher. It la guaranteed,
taken' ore by the government they
could be managed any more economic
ally or any more efficiently or that this
would enable, the government to fur
an seme at any smaller rate than
the public are now required to pay by
I cannot apeak with too great empha
sis of the Improvement in tbe postoffice
department under the present manage
ment. Tbe catting down of cost, tbe
shortening of methods and the increase
in efficiency are shown by the statistics
of the annual report.
One of the most Important matters
referred te by the postmaster general
is the proposed Bring of new rates t
postage for second class mall matter.
In connection with this stfbject I bare
the honor to transmit herewith tbe re
port of the commission on second clans
mall matter, appointed pursuant to a
Joint resolution of tbe Sixty-first con
gress, approved March , 1911.
The commission consists of Hon.
Charles E. Hughes, associate Justice
of the supreme court of the United
States; President A. Lawrence Lowell
of Harvard university and Mr. Harry
A. Wheeler, president of the Associa
tion of Commerce of the city of Chi
cago, whose character, ability and ex-
perlence command for their findings
"d "commeadattona the respect and
confidence of . the congress and the
Tbe report discloses a most exhaus
tive and critical inquiry into the sub
ject of second class mall matter after
adequate notice to ell the parties in
interest. Extensive bearings were held
by the commission, at which the post
master general and tbe second and
third assistant postmasters general ap
peared and submitted formal state
ments presenting the various conten
tions of tbe postoffice department, to
gether with all the relevant official
data and evidence relating to the cost
of handling and transporting second
class mail matter. Certain of the lead
ing magazines were represented by
counsel, wblle various other publica
tions appeared by representatives and
were heard in oral argument or permit
ted to submit written briefs setting
forth their respective reasons for op
posing a change in the present postage
rate on second class mail. The second
and third assistant postmasters gen
eral, together with minor officers of the
department, were critically cross exam
ined by tbe counsel and representa
tives of the periodicals, and all the
various phases of the second class post
age problem were msde the subject of
a most painstaking Investigation.
Says Increase Is Justified.
The findings of the commission con
firm the view that the cost of handling
and transporting second class mail
matter is greatly In excess of tbe post
age paid and that an Increase in the
rate Is not only Justified by the facts,
but is desirable.
The commission reports that the evi
dence eubiulted for its consideration Is
sufficient to warrant a finding of the
approximate cost of handling and
transporting the several classes of sec
ond class mail known ns paid at the
pound rate, free in county and tran
sient matter in so far as relates to tbe
services of transportation, postoffice
cars, railway distribution, rnral deliv
ery and certain other items of cost, but
that it Is without adequate data to de
termine the cost of the general post
office service and nlso what portion of
the cost of certain other ag.!jregatc- i
services Is properly assignable to see- I
oud class mail matter. It finds that la j
the fiscal year 1908. the period for !
which the statistics for the postoffice
department were compiled, the cost of
handMng and transporting second class
mail in the items of transportation,
postoffice cars, railway distribution, ru
ral delivery end certain miscellaneous
charges was approximately 0 cents a
pound for paid at the pound rale mat
ter and for free In county and transient
matter each approximately 5 cents a
pound and that upou this bfsls. as
modified by sulequent reductions In
the cost of railroad transportation the
cost of paid at the pound rate matter
for the services mentioned is now ap
proximately C4 cents a pound, while
the cost of free in county and transient
matter remains as formerly namely.
each at approximately 5 cents a pound.
Since tbe commission bas determined
that the cost of handling and trans
porting second class mail is approxi
mately Ci cents for matter paid at
the pound rate and approximately S
cents each for free in county and tran
sient matter, without taking into ac
count the cost of tbe general postoffice
service and certain unassignable items
of expense, it is apparent thst the ag
gregate cost of all service performed
by tbe postal establishment In connec
tion with this class of mall matter is
considerably above that amoufit.
Postal Service Self Sustaining.
The postal service is now. for the
first time in years, operated upon a self
sustaining basis, and in my Judgment
this is a wise policy, but it should not
be carried out at the expense of certain
classes of mail matter that pay reve
nue largely in excess of their cost It
is not Just that some classes of mail
should be exorbitantly taxed to meet a
deficiency caused by other classes the
revenue from which is much below
their cost of handling and carriage.
Where such Inequalities exist they
should be removed as early as practica
ble. The bualness enterprises of the
publishers of periodicals, however, have
been built up on the basis of the pres
ent second class rate, and therefore it
would be manifestly unfair to put Into
Immediate effect a large Increase in
That newspapers and magazines have
been potent agencies for the dissemi
nation of public intelligence and have
consequently borne a worthy part in
the development of the country all
bust admit, but it Is likewise true that
fh original purpose of congress la pro
viding for them a subvention by way
f nominal postal charges in considera
tion of their value as mediums of pub
lic Information ought not to prevent an
Increase, because- they are now not
only educational, but highly profitable.
There is no warrant for the great dis
parity between existing postage rates
a periodicals and the cost of the aery-
ice C6e government performs Tor tlra
The aggregate postal revenues for the
fiscal year lfill were $237.879323X0,
derived mainly from tbe postage col
lected on the four classes of mall mat
ter. It la carefully estimated by the
visteffiee department that the revenue
derived from mall matter of the first
class is approximately one and one-half
times the cost of handling and carriage,
that the returns from third and fourth
class matter are slightly in excess of
their coet of handling and carriage and
that while second class matter em
braces over 65 per cent of the entire
weight of all the mail carried it never
theless yields little more than 5 per
cent of the postal revenues.
The recommendations of the commis
sion as to the postage rates on second
class mail are as follows:
First. The rate of t cents a pound on
copies mailed by publishers to subscribers,
to news acents and as sample copies and
by news agents to their subscribers or to
other news agents.
Second. Tbe rat of 1 cent for each four
ounces fer cofilee mailed by other than 1
publishers and news agents that Is, the
present transient rate.
Third The present free in county privi
lege retained, but not extended.
The commission also recommended
that the cent a copy rate for newspa
pers other than weeklies and for peri
odicals not exceeding two ounces in
weight and the 2 cent a copy rate
for periodicals exceeding two ounces In
weight when mailed at a city letter
carrier office for local delivery be abol
ished. As to Ukt effect and adequacy of the
proposed la crease of 1 cent a pound In
postaga the commission says:
Such an Increase will not. in the opinion
of the commission, bring distress upon the
publishers of newspapers and periodicals
or seriously interfere with the dissemina
tion of useful news or Information. A
reasonable time should be allowed after j
the rate Is fixed before It Is put Into effect.
While the new rate will be very far from
compensating the government for the car- ;
riage and hardline; of second class matter.
it will to some extent reMeve the existing '
burden and result in a more equitable ad- 1
Justment of rates. j
Suggests a Cost 8ystem. . i
The commission suggests that the de
partment "maintain an adequate cost i
system so that the effect of the new j
rates may be closely observed and a '
proper basis may bo secured for the;
consideration of any future proposals." 1
In these recommendations the post-.
master general and I heartily concur
and commend them to the early atten-!
tion of congress. The proposed in-;
crease of a cent a pound in tbe second j
class postago rate I believe to be most '
reasonable, and if sufficient time is
allowed before the change goes into
effect it should work little serious in- i
jury to the business of the reriodirnl
publishers, while equalizing, at least In ;
a measure, the burdens of postal taxa
tion. WILLIAM H. TAFT.
THE COMMISSION'S REPORT.
Recommendations Made Concerning
Second Class Mail Matter. j
The report of tlie commission on sec-1
ond class mail matter is an exhaustive 1
documrut. containing a hundred pages !
of printed matter. - ;
The Dtnini:".sion. In addition to mnk-;
i:!g the reiwumendatioiis mentioned In !
tliu president's message, also gives j
many statistics showing the relative
amounts of the different clessos of mail rcgular sesgion at 3 o'clock p. m
matter handled by the stoffire le-jMay0P Schriver presiding and Com
partment and tbe cost ia detail, j missioned Rudgren, Hart. Reynolds
The cost and methods of bundling j and Bear p,.esent.
mail on railway enrs ere sjso oarefu.ly j CommiBsioner Rudgren offered a
considers resolution thst
The existing rates on second cl.is
matter are those established by tbe act
of 1S70 as amended in 1S84 ond 18S5.
Increasa In Volume.
Our attention bas leen directed to
tbe fact that tbe postmasters general
in tbeir annual reports have repeatedly
commented upon tbe Increase in the 1
volume of second class matter and
upon tbe disparity between the sup
posed cost of transporting ond han
dling it iu the mails and the amount
received as postage. Their estimates
evidently reflected tbe opinion of tbe
officers of tbe department, but they
were based upon general experience In
the service and not upon a scientific
ascertainment of cost.
The first question that arises In re
gard to the rate is whether any dis
crimination should be made 'between
different kinds of second class matter.
Tbe plan proposed of charging a special
rate for tbe portions of magazines de
voted to advertisements seems open to
grave practical objections. The amount
of space given to advertising is no cri
terion of tbe educational value of a
magazine, and if the same provision
were applied to newspapers the at
tempt to measure the space occupied
by advertisements would involve more
labor than Is consistent with the rapid
dispatch of the dally press.
We conclude that whatever increase
be made should apply alike to newspa
pers and periodicals admitted to the
second clasa and that it is impracti
cable in the case of newspapers to
charge a higher rate for apace given to
advertisements. It has been suggested
that the proportion of this space should
be limited for all second class matter,
bnt the true definition of such matter
is that which Is devoted primarily to
tbe dissemination of news and of cur
rent literature and instruction, and ws
are not convinced that this can be
measured by an arbitrary standard of
the proportion of space given to adver
tisement. A Strious Question.
Tbe question ef raising the rate on
second class matter mailed by publish
ers and news agents for 1 cent to 2
cents a pound is a serious one. But
we are of opinion that the change W
reasonable and should be made. A
reasonable time should be allowed
after the rate is fixed before it Is pat
into effect While tbe new rate will be
very far from compensating the gov
ernment for tbe carriage and handling
f second class matter, it will to soma
extent relieve the existing burden and
result in a mora eiuitable adjustment
AH the news all tbe time. Tba
Are You ThlBiMmig'
Things f oir Yomb M
We know every
new designs and
partment of our store, and to all we
invitation to come and see, whether
comfortable piece of furniture for your living room. Come and see our line. You win find the prices ex
tremely low. ., '
LET US FURNISH
324-326-328 Brady Street.
Regular Meeting Feb. 12, 1912.
Citv Council Chamber. Rock Island.
Fb i2. 1912. The city council met in
' Whereas, today is the anniversary
of the birth of Abraham Lincoln, the
most honored and loved of American
statesmen; therefore be It
' Resolved tbat as a respect to his
memory, we do now adjourn and that
we meet next Wednesday afternoon at
o'clock p. m." Carried by unanim-
M. T. RUDGREN,
Adjourned Regular Meeting Feb. 14,
City Council Chamber, Rock Island,
Illinois, February 14, 1912. The city
council met in adjourned regular ses
sion at 3 o'clock p. m. Mayor Schriver
presiding with Commissioners Rud
gren, Hart, Reynolds and Bear pres
ent. The clerk read the minutes of the
regular meet'ng held Feb. 5, and the
TALKS ON INVESTMENTS
In our previous talks we set forth
the more important features of mu
Eicipal bonds. We now call atten
tion to tbe value and safety of cor
poration boiids, when they are first
Exaction fully expresses the kind
of investigation that corporation
bond issues must undergo. Banks,
trust companies and bond houses of
repute have become extremely con
servative during the past few years.
Tbey cannot afford and do not accept
anything for granted. They must
Legality, tangible assets and their
relative value to loans, earning pow
er. in tbe past, present and the future
possibilities of increase and growth,
are all taken into account. Efficiency
of organization and equipment tc
meet the demand for service is also
a feature of great consequence. Aside
tbe question of validity, corporation
bonds must pass a greater crucial
test than even municipals.
Legal talent and engineers and
ppecial experts in various quasi-public
corporations are employed to pass
on their merits before approval for
lsreha3 of an Issue of such secur
ities. H. E. SUDLOW A CO.,
' Investment Bankers. .
Baildipg Rock Island
ODD PIECES, ESPECIALLY BROKEN SETS OF
home-lover is decidedly interested in
patterns which we are showing in every
In all the
For the Living Room
An sorts of new things are here- fibrary tables, comfort chairs, daw
enports, bookcases, etc. We have the most complete line in the Miss
issippi valley between St. Louis and St. Paul (this is the statement
of a manufacturer 'who knows). You are sure to see many articles yon
win want in this stock and you win find each piece marked at a price you
win be glad to pay. ,
to See the Handsome Rugs We Show
If you are hard to suit come
here the ' vast extent of our
rug stock win give you a range
of selection which is sure to
embrace the very article you
are looking for. We include in
our display the newest patterns
of the famous WhittaU rugs,
the best rug3 made.
A satisfactory bed davenport such as these jwe
sleeping room when your house is crowded as
adjourned regular meeting beld Feb.
7, 1912, which were approved.
Commissioner Rudgren submitted
an ordinance which was immediately
considered and adopted by unanimous
vote allowing the wekly pay roll for
the week ending Feb. 10, 1912, in
amount of $162.95, as follows:
Emil Frank $ 12.60
Al Sudgen 12.60
F. O'Connell 7.35
George Anderson 7.35
D. Rooks 3.15
Harry Kurtz 4.20
W. Eckerman ' 2.10
H. Utke 2.10
H. Bresnahan 6.40
James Clegg 2.20
John Nelson 19.95
Charles Grams 14.70
Dennis Collins 14.70
T. Manuel ....
F. Stanley ....
J. Burton ....
B. Ranson ...
F. Roesch . . ..
contingent account $ 36.75
Sewer account 9 8.40
Street account 28.35
Bridge account $2.10
Reservoir expense account.... 72.65
Waterworks expense account.. 43.05
Contingent account 8.40
Commissioner Rudgren offered a
resolution that James B. Clow tt Sons
be allowed the sum of $19.05, and that
same be charged to the waterworks
construction account Carried by
unanimous vote. ,
Commissioner Rudgren offered a
resolution that H. A. J. McDonald be
allowed the sum of $6 tor stamps for
the board of local improvements. Car
ried by unanimous vote.
Commissioner Bear read an ordin
ance providing for tbe establishing of
water rates in tbe city of Rock Is
land. Commissioner Bear offered a resolu
tion that tbe ordinance Just read pro
viding for the establishing of water
rates, be considered, t arried by unan
Commissioner Hart offered a resolu
tion that the commissioner of accounts
and finace be instructed to procure
such articles as are deemed necessary
in tbe testing of weights and meas
ures. Carried by unaniruousc vote.
Mayor Schriver offered a resolution
that the city pay the Salvation Army
Maternity Home, for Florence Crapd.
PARLOR FURNITURE AT ODD
extend a hearty
they buy or not.
Dining Room Furniture
years we have been in business
shown such a srlendid varietv
tables, chairs, buffets, china closets,
DAVENPORTS MEAN ROOM
the sum of $25.
Carried by unanim
motion of Commts-
M. T. RUDGREN,
BARNARD & LEAS PLANT
The burned out Barnard & Leas
plant of Moilne yesterday resumed op
erations in the od Otis elevator build
ing. The building has been refitted
with machinery and more is being in
stalled as rapidly as possible so that
before long the company will be able
to take care of a considerable part of
Its former business.
Rheumatism Relieved In a Few Hours.
N. B. Langley, Madison. Wis., says:
"I was almost helpless with rheuma
tism for about five months. Had it in
my neck so 1 could not turn my bead,
and all through my body. I tried three
doctors and many remedies without
any relief whatever until I procured
Dr. Detchon's Relief for Rheumatism.
In a few hours the pain was relieved
and in three days the rheumatism was
completely cured and I was at work."
Bold by Otto Grotjan, 1501 Second ave
nue. Rock Island ; Gint Schlegel & Son,
220 West Second street, Davenport.
If troubled with Indigestion, con
stipatlon, no appetite or feel bilious.
Liver Tablets a trial and you will be
pleased with the result. These tab
lets Invigorate the stomach and liver
and strengthen the digestion. Sold
by all druggists.
"I was under the treatment of two doctors," writes
Mrs. R L Phillips, of Indian Valley, Va., "and they pro
nounced my case a very stubborn one, of womanly weak
ness. I was not able to sit up, when I commenced to
I used It about one week, before 1 saw much change.
Now, the severe pain, that had been fn my side for years,
has gone, and I don't suffer at all I am feeling better than
in a long time, and cannot speak too highly of Cardui."
if you are one of those ailing women who suffer from any
of the troublts so common to women.
Cardui Is a builder of womanly strength! Composed
of purely vegetable ingredients, it acts quickly on the
womanly system, building up womanly strength, toning up
the womanly nerves, and regulating the womanly system.
Cardui has been in successful use for more than 50 years.
Thousands of ladies have written to tell of the benefit they
received from it Try it for your troubles. Begin today. ,
Wrtk to: tidies' Advisor Dept. Cntttawoora Md!c!e O., OiafUneo. Ttsn, f -
itx Sptaal lnxtrwctiont. tod t-pg boo, "homa TruuBemlar Wornta.'' tent icee. ! ii Y:
, ,. ... - .,,,
i i mm mi I. .... I in rmiM ii.ii.m i. ..T.W1.. 11 ii , H it !.-. m
show means an extra
weU as a handsome,
Many a Rock Island Household Will
Find Tbem So.
To have the pains and aches of a
bad back: removed; to be entirely
free from annoying, dangerous uri
nary disorders is enough to make
any kidney sufferer grateful. To
tell how this great change can be
brought about will prove comfort
ing words to hundreds of Rock Is
C. M. Fisher, 820 First avenue.
Moline, 111., says: "I can speak Just
as highly of Doan's Kidney Pills to
day as when I publicly recommend
ed them in the spring of 1909. For
some time I was subject to attacks
of kidney complaint and was unable
to find relief. Backache annoyed
me and there was a lameness and
soreness across my loins that made
it hard for me to stand. I had other
symptoms of kidney complaint and
on a neighbor's advice, I finally pro
cured a box of Doan's Kidney Pills.
Tbeir use as directed, helped me at
once and the contents of on box
made a great improvement. In a
few weeks I was completely cared
and there has never been a recur
rence of the trouble. I am now in
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
cents. Foster-Milbnrn company, Buf
falo, N. T., sole agents for the Unit
Remember the name Doan's
and tk ha nth or 1