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THE ROCK ISEAND ARGUS. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 1912. ,
The War Fifty Years Ago
Fort Henry, Tennessee, One of the Confederate De
fenders of Nashville, Taken by the Federal Navy.
Heroic Fight of a Feeble Garrison-The First Iron
clad Fleet In Action Federal Army and Navy At
tack and Capture Roanoke Island, North Carolina.
Gallant Charge Upon a Confederate Battery Located
In a Swamp Two Forts and Twenty-five Hundred
Prisoners Taken Albemarle Sound Open.
Br Captain CEORCB U KILMER, lata
U. . V.
FORT IIENItT, Tennessee, a nat
urally strong post maintained
on the Tennessee river by Con
federates to guard their base of
supplies at Nashville, was bombarded
and captured by the Federal navy
on Feb. C fifty years ago. The attack
followed a rfonnolssance made In
January by fn-ral C F. Smith.
Smith bad reported to 'bis chief that
the post could be tuken by the oavy
The Confederate com minder at Fort
Henry wna General Lloyd Tllghman.
Smith's demonstration alarmed blm.
0 by tha Kvlew of Review company.
CINIBAL. M-OTD TILaHMATt, C. ft. A.. COM
M AKPKU AT FOKT BKNBT.
and be begun t Mrengthcu bU in
trcitrhm'Utfi um soon us his scouts
brought to headquarters word of the
approach of enemies.
Tllgbmau seems to bare been the
first one to think seriously of a Fed
erul attack upon the famous Fort Don
elson, situated on Cumberland river
twelve miles east of Fort Henry. He
wrote to bis superior officer. General
l'olk. who was at Columbus, Ky that
to be made with but fifty-four men.
with nine guns. The Confederates bad
watched the gathering of warships and
divisions of men In blue. They exag
gerated the soldiers under Grant as
much as be exaggerated their strength
and desperation. General Tllghman
called his officers in council and stated
that the case was hopeless with less
than 4.000 men. mostly raw reeruiti
and poorly armed, against a fleet of
Ironclads and 25.000 fighters on land.
Turning to his captain of artillery, he
said, "Can yon bold out one hour
against a determined attack? The
answer waa in the affirmative, and or
ders were given for withdrawing the
mass across country toward Fort Don
elson. Captain Jesse Taylor commanded the
Fort Henry gunners, who belonged to
the Tennessee volunteer militia. He
assigned one gun to each of the seven
Federal warships which were in line,
covered by an island one mile below
the fort At 11:35 a. m. the ships
steamed out Into the channel, the four
ironclads leading and the Carondelet
and St Louis Interlocked for want of
sea room. Not a shot was fired by
either side until the Ironclads were
within fair range of the fort, the flag,
the earthworks and quarters and th?
gunners at their guns. Then the flag
ship Cincinnati fired the signal shot
and it was Instantly answered by ev
ery one of Taylor's guns. The com
mander of the Carondelet said that the
fort was one sheet of flame, and Cap
tain Taylor described the firing of the
Ironclads ns having been "as pretty
and as simultaneous a broadside as
ever flashed from a frigate."
Sapid Fire From the Gunboats.
The gunboat fire was steady and rap
id for over an hour. From the decks
the naval officers could see the earthen
walls of the fort plowed np and the
debris showered over the Confederate
guns. One of Captain Taylor'a guns, a
rifled piece, burst and disabled many
of the men. His columbiad was spiked
by its own priming wire getting fast,
and two thirty-two pounders were
the fort at S o'clock and relieved the
nary of command.
Grant's troops had been prevented
from attacking on the land side by the
difficulties of the march, which waa
through a dense forest flooded by a re
cent heavy rain. The Federal cavalry
attempted to head off the main body
of Confederates on their retreat to
ward Donelson, but only succeeded la
picking up a few belated stragglers
and two cannon. On the day following
this naval victory the United States
congress rushed through an appropria
tion of $10,000,000 for new ironclads.
Fall of Roanoke Island, N. C.
Roanoke Island fell a prize to Burn-
aide's forces Feb. 8, 1862. It was a
victory that surprised and encouraged
the ' people and the soldiery of the
north. Roanoke Island Is separated
from the mainland by a sound three
to four miles wide. The Confeder
ate forts upon the Island and a fleet
In the aonnd disputed the advance into
The channel of the sound was ob
structed by sunken wrecks, behind
( vw- ,
by the Review of Reviews company.
SHXEEAt. A. K. BTJBSSIDr, TT. S. A.. TED
KKAb LEADKU AT BUiNOKE ISLASt).
which lay a fleet of wooden gunboats.
A line of forts and batteries stretched
from the anchorage of the ships down
the shore four miles, resting on the
left In a dense and impassable swamp,
where a three .gun battery had been
constructed " to command the only
causeway across the swamp. A gun
fired from one of the Confederate gun
boats announced the approach of the
Federal squadron. At balf past 11
on the 7th the conflict commenced be
tween the gunboats at long range. The
Confederate boats gradually retired,
drawing their opponents within range
of the forts, when fire was opened by
:u ... .. . i
n. FOOTE. C. S. N.. CAPTOB OF FORT nENRT, AND REAR ADMI
RAL I- M. GOIJ)SBOKOUGU. C. & N, LEADER OF THE NAVY AT
Smith might be preparing to attack
Fort Henry or Fort Donelson or both.
He added that Smith would find a good
road leading from the Tennessee river
to Fort Donelson.
Fort Donelson was nearer to Nash
rllla than Fort Henry. To subdue the
latter a Joint expedition of warships
and local troops set out from Cairo,
III, on Feb. 2. Flag Officer A. H.
Foote commanded the fleet and Gen
eral U. S. Grant the army.
There were only enough steamers at
hand to carry half the force needed,
about 8.000 men, and this detachment,
convoyed by the new ironclads Caron
delet Cincinnati. St Louis and Essex
and the wooden gun boats Tyler, Lex
ington and Conestoga, steamed np the
river. General J. A. McClernand com
manded the leading column of soldier
and baited the transports within nine
tulles of Fort Henry. The gunboats
went within six miles. Grant reached
the front on the 4th. and the nav
reconnoitered the vicinity of the fort
to see If soldiers could safely be pu
ashore at some point near the seen
cf attack. Grant boarded the Essex,
and she steamed np within range, re
ceiving a shot which showed that
there were good gnnoers In the fort
Grant Orerestimatet the Fnemy.
xtictpating a heavy battle. Grant
returned down the river to bring all his
troops to the scene. - He decided to at
tack on the 6th and not allow the Con
federates time to re-enforce the garri
son, as he beiieved the enemy would
defend to the last extremity. la thla
he was mistaken, for the coming fight
against hia whole fleet and army waa
struck and shattered at the same mo
ment In a Bhort time there were only
four pieces in action, five having been
put out of service.
Meanwhile the Ironclad Essex had
dropped out of the fight disabled by a
remarkable shot which pierced the case
mate just above the porthole on the
port aide, passed through the middle
boiler and cast up a shower of scald
ing water and steam. By this shot
forty-eight soldiers and sailors were
killed or wounded, many of them be
ing scalded to death. Before the ac
cident the Essex had fired seventy
shots. The flagship Cincinnati was
riddled with the holes of thirty-two
shots, which pierced her upper works.
One shot rirped np ber side timbers
and showered the decks with splinters.
Two of her guns were disabled. The
St Louis waa hit seven times and the
Carondelet In about thirty places by
heavy shot and shell. The Carondelet
fired 107 sheila and had no battle cas
ualties. Eight missiles struck within
two feet of the bow ports in range
with' the boilers, but were slopped bj
barricades built to protect the boiler
room. Oa all the Ironclads the platirr
waa broken and splintered by the ac
curate Confederate fire.
Surrenders to Flag Officer Foote.
General Tllghman hauled down the
flag of Fort Henry at 1 0 p. m., when
but two of his guns were left In ac
tion. He had lost five killed, eleven
wounded and five missing. --Aecompa.
lied by his staff, he went on board
the Cincinnati and surrendered the
garrison of seventy -elf ht men to Flag
Officer Foote. General Grant reached
land Troops Move to Attack.
The contest between the boats and
the forts continued with varied en
ergy during the next three hours, In
which time the barracks within the
forts were consumed. At 3 o'clock the
troops began to land, nnder the pro
tection of the fire of the three gun
boats. At this time the Confederate
gunboats drew near and recommenced
the action, which was continued nntil
their ammunition was exhausted.
They then retired up the inlet or
sound. The forts then continued to
fire until the Union gunboats retired
for the night. The bravery of the
Confederate defense was admitted on
every side. Oa the Federal side five
had been killed and ten wounded. In
the forts the Confederates reported one
killed nud three wounded and In the
gunboats fire wounded and the largest
gunboat sunk and another disabled.
By 4 o'clock the Federal transports
had all arrived, and the first body of
troops landed unobstructed at 5
o'clock. In a short time 6,000 men
were on shore, and the remainder of
them landed soon after. The next
morning the troops started in three
columns, the center, tinder General
Foster, composed of the Twenty-third,
Twenty-fifth and Twenty-8?venth Mas
sachusetts and Tenth Connecticut; the
uext, or left flanking column, under
General Reno, consisted of the Twenty-first
Massachusetts, Fifty-first New
York, Ninth New Jersey and Fifty-
first Pennsylvania; the third, or right
flanking column, under General Parke,
consisted of the Fourth Rhode Island,
First battalion of the Fifth Rhode Is
land and the Ninth New York.
The approach to the enemy was by
road through a swamp on each aide
of which was a thick underbrush. An
earthwork about thirty-five yards wide
had been erected across the road for
The tug of war came when the sol
diers attempted to carry the swamp
battery. All depended npn that, for
the Union fleet had dispersed the Con
federate ships, yet were unable to al
ienee the forts. These could not be
stormed from the water side nor reach
ed at all excepting by the road through
the swamp. Hawkins' xouaves (Ninth
New York), the Fifty-first New York
and the Twenty-flrst Massachusetts
captured the battery by a rush.
The attack was -bravely made as It
had been planned upon the enemy's
position, and after a most spirited and
splendid defense, as reported by the
assailants, they were obliged to give
way before this overwhelming force
and, retiring farther np the island,
were overtaken and Colonel Shaw,
their commander, surrendered. Thus
six forts, forty guns, over 2.000 pris
oners and 3,000 stands of arms were
captured. The Union loss was 37 killed
and 214 wounded. The Confederate loss
In killed was reported to be 23 killed
and 58 wounded. The capture of the
Island forts opened Albemarle sound
to the Federal warships. On the 10th
Commander 8. C. Rowan's division at
tacked the Confederate defenders of
Elizabeth City and brought about the
surrender of that post.
high cost waa supported by the fact
that it waa a well-paying concern, with
an illimitable field for Its product, and
situated on' the Chagres, with easy
communication by water and by rail.
A distillery on the hands of a canal-
building commission develops features
classically attributed to the white ele
phant Doubtless there-were men on
the government forces who were capa
ble of operating the distillery, and
many who would willingly have receiv
ed the perquisites of the office. Con
aidertng the adulteration of liquor
which is practiced In Colon and Pan
ama, there would have been virtue In
the government a Insuring a pure sup
ply or apirits by making them itself.
but the commission had no desire to
dabble in the liquor business.
But here was a valuable property
which would not be destroyed by the
canal work for three years. Two big
stills, cane mills, engines, tanks and
a fine crop of cane grown up at the
very doors. "Efficiency" is the watch
word here, and bo the words, "Why
stand we here idle?" of Patrick Henry,
the inciter of war, may have occurred
to some of the army officers. At any
rate, permission was given by the sec
retary of war to lease the distillery and
some of the adjacent cane land.
And so went into operation the only
commercial distillery owned by the
United States. Andrade paid for its
use $1,500 the first year, from Jan. 13.
1909; for the next year, $300, and for
the next $100. The decrease in rent
was because the cane which was there
when the government turned it over
became exhausted, except through the
efforts of the tenant. Any "single tax
er" knows that he ought not to pay
rent for his own Improvements.
The advancing canal work demands
the end of the happy arrangement.
The rejoicing Andrade appears as a Dr.
Faustus, pledged to surrender alL And
the pity ft, it is about all he has. When
his $90,000 was awarded, $15,000 was
won from him la court by people to
whom he was indebted. It seems that
the claims were mortgages given for
gambling debts, and they were not out
lawed. And after he got the remaining
$75,000, people who know him say,
Andrade could not held onto it He
gained local honor as an easy mark,
investing and lending at the behest of
the human hawks in a way to show
that skepticism can never overthrow-
faith. The good old fellow may feel
himself a martyr on the altar of theolo
gy; but they say that when he reflects
on the facts he doesn't feel theologic
Six other distilleries in the canal
zone, owned by private persons, pay
the government over $2,000 a year in
taxation. The taxes have been levied
according to the Colombian law, which
was In effect when the United States
took charge, but a new system has
been devised by the canal zone gov
ernment, and is being inaugurated.
Now, all the interest the government
of the zone has in the liquor business
Is collecting taxes and licenses, guard
ing the purity of the stuff sold and pre
serving the peace against its effects.
With the latter It has had little diffi
culty. In December, 1911, out of 538
arrests, 75 were for "Intoxicated" or
"Intoxicated and disorderly;" in No
vember the number was 80 out of 53C;
in October, 74 out of C29.
In December 23 nations, or 45 states
and principalities, were represented by
native sons or daughters at the bar of
zone Justice. Considering the zone has
such an assorted population, about 50,
000 in number (it was 50,003 in June,
1908; a new census Is under way), the
order preserved is remarkably good.
The New Spring. Suits for Women and Misses
Now Ready at The "Bee Hive
Hundreds of them and the handsomest and most
becoming styles shown in years is the opinion of
those who have already seen them.
In our preparations for the coming season we hare
been most exacting, having ever in mind the
thought of meeting every demand, from an econo
mical as well as a fashionable standpoint, and "we
think you will agree with us that prices were never
so moderate for garments of quality.
Particularly interesting is the great showing of
New Spring Suits at $9.98
These are specially priced to stimulate early sell
ing. They are carefully tailored of serges and nov
elty suitings, faithfully following the lines of the
best fashions. Jackets are satin lined. A few of
them are shown in our windows see if they do
not compare favorably in style and quality with
most $12.98 and $15 suits.
"We also invite the most critical inspection of our
enormous showing of the better suits at $12.98,
$16.98, $19.98 and up to $37.50.
New Coats, Dresses and Skirts
Beautiful garments that are attracting much favor
able comment oecause of their many new style fea
tures and the low prices.
at $6.98 to S3 0.00
at $4.98 to $25,00
at $3.98 to 12.50
OUT GO THE WITEB GARMENTS A CLEAN SWEEP
Now is the time for extreme - price reductions on all winter wearables. The
low prices do not warrant the use of much newspaper space, but we as
sure you that you may come expecting the greatest bargains of the season.
Plenty of Plush, Caracul and Broadcloth Coats here at reduced prices.
The 3ee Hibe Cor-Seeolttrady Sts
New Orleans Earth slides totaling
nearly 1,000,000 cubic yarda have In
terfered with operations in the Cule
bra cut section of the Panama canal,
according to mall advices received
here. Cracks in the earth Indicate an
other slide may assume more alarm
New York The conference commit
tee of managers authorized to act in
behalf of the 43 railroads in the east
ern territory on the wage demands re
cently made by engineers decided to
hold a joint conference of managers
and engineers here beginning March
New York Louis and Angelo Cella
of St Louis and Samuel W. Adler of
this city surrendered to the federal au
thorities and were held in $5,000 hail
each for examination in removal pro-
FLIES ACROSS A LAKE;
IS HURT IN HOME TRIP
Erie, Pa., Feb. 22.-r-After flying
across Lake Erie twice Earl Sandt
was found seriously injured Tuesday
night on the American shore at
Northeast, near Erie. The aviator
first flew across the lake, which Is
frozen over, late In the after
noon. He started from Erie and
landed at Port Rowan, Canada. When
he failed to return on scheduled time
a searching party began seeking him.
Sandt, who is 23 years old, is said
to be the first aviator to fly across
the inland seas. His trip was made
in 34 minutes. It was 2:41 by his
watch when he took to the air. At
4:30 he telephoned from Port Row
an to friends that he had landed at
3:15 o'clock. In descending to the
ground,' Sandt broke a rib of his
Curtlss biplane, but the damage was
not serious. Shortly before 6 o'clock
a telephone message from the Canad
ian town announced that Sandt had
departed for the American shore
are never a success unless yon O
order your ice cream and bak- q
ery goods of us. Our individual Q
ice cream logs, flags and red,
white and blue round moulds
are just the thing for your
We also have a nice assort
ment of table decorations, fa
vors and mottoes in the way
of napkins, decorated crepe pa
per, drums, logs, flags, hats,
cherry trees, etc.
Phone us your order and -we
will deliver it for yon.
1716-1718 Second Avenue.
Phone West 156.
ceedings on the charge of operating when an hour passed and the aviator
UNCLE SAM IS LOSER AS
A BOOZE MANUFACTURER
Panama. Feb. 22. The Panama
canal commission has terminated the
lease to Antonio Andrade, a Greek, of
distillery and some 24 hectares (a
hectare Is 2.4704 acres) of can land.
situated near G argon a. The distillery,
which la about the largest on the aone,
having two copper stills of 12.25 and
18.90 litres capacity, was bought, along
with some S27 acres of surrounding
land, because it was In the way of the
canal. This was In August. 1908.
commission of award, appointed
according to terms of the treaty be
tween the United States and the re
public of Panama, and consisting of
two Panamans and two Americana, ad
judicated the claim of the owner, the
same Andrade, and awarded him $90.
000 for his distillery and the 327 acres,
comprising the hacienda Andrade. The
LITTEN S ROBERTS
Peoples KsGocal Bank Blfj.
Phone West 122
Frankfort, Ky. The lower houso
passed the bill making the county the
unit in local option elections. The bill
now goes to Governor McCreary, who
is expected to sign it
Boston Governor Foss recommend
ed a special appropriation of $5,O0U,-
000 to be expended in the construction
of new state highways in Massachusetts.
Cape Haitlen The San Domlngan
revolution is extending every day, es
pecially in the vicinity of the frontier,
where communication between . Daja
bon and Monte Christ! is totally sus
pended. Victoria, B. C The British Colum
bia government Introduced in parlia
ment a railroad policy aiding construc
tion of 795 miles of new railroads and
extensions, costing more than $40,000,
000. Grindelwald, Switzerland The
great Jungfrau railroad tunnel was
pierced as far as the new station of
Jungfraujoch, which it at an altitude
of 13,000 feet above sea level.
Madrid Negotiations between
France and Spain regarding Morocco j
have been further advanced by Spain's i
definite acceptance of four French pro- j
posals. The questions of railroad and
territorial compensations have not yet
Viterbo, Italy Signor Rota began
the preliminary summing up for the
prosecution in the CamorriBt trial,
speaking the entire afternoon. He
pointed out that the case represented
the study of a great social evil by a
people desirous of shaking off a crim
failed to appear the crowd which had
assembled in Erie became anxious as
to his safety. The searching party,
which set out late, was composed of
William Davis, Thomas Cravette,
John Hiney, Peter Merrltt and Ed
ward Blair. All were afoot and were
endeavoriug to cross the frozen lake
in hope of finding Sandt Walter
CLE AM H
Clean coal is ot
secured.:?. acdtkxft; "J
our ccbI la ahw-vim
dean. IFou areSe
PA most pardc&Ur per- W
soa in-town, oar ccm JQ
3 wtfl suit you. K"fl
PD47TD mT I
iLTm paTal art .A
y Office. 2922 Thr4 Avc iCj
Sandt believed his brother met with
an accident and either crashed
through the ice and waa drowned or
was Injured beneath the wreckage
of his machine.
Ii far Dnata
Falls Victim to Thieves.
S. W. Bends of Coa; City, Ala.,
has a justifiable grievance. Two
thieves stole his health for 12 years.
TLey were a liver and kidney trou
ble. Then Dr. King's New Life Pills
throttled them. He's well now. Un
rivalled for constipation, malaria,
headache, dyspepsia, 25 cents at all
Protection at Trifling Cost
The cost of the protection of a safety deposit box is
trifling:, ranging from
$2.50 a Year, Upward
Our modern vault contains boxes of all sizes.
A small outlay now may save you .from irreparable
loss. Everyone has valuable papers and priceless treas
ures that should be kept in absolute safety.
4 Interest on Savings
STATE BANK OF ROCK ISLAND
Second Avenue and Seventeenth Street.
PHIL MITCHELL, President.
K. T. ANDLKSOX. Cashier. C.
L S. WHITE. Vice President,
r. ClIAXXOS. Assistant Cashier.
COCRTEOCS ATfc.TIOX TO ALL.
While It is orten impossible to
prevent an accident, It Is' never Im
possible to be prepared It is not be-!
yond any one's puree. In vet t 25
cents in a bottle of Chamberlain's!
Liniment and yon are prepared fori
sprains, bruises and like injuries.!
Sold by all druggists.
PEOPLE'S NiTICHIXBAilKBLCt, RC0M 411
oud prion a., west u rtcw sioa.
OPEN WEDNESDAY AND SATURDAY NIGHTS