Newspaper Page Text
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 29, 1912.
The War Fifty
Fort Donelson, Tennessee, Bombarded and Captured.
The Federal Fleet of Ironclads Beaten Off by the
Guns of the Fort- The Confederates Sally Out of
Their Works and Fight For a Road of Escape A
' Brilliant Charge Led by General Lew Wallace and
General C F. Smith Compels Them to Return to the
Fort Division In the Confederate Councils Two
Commanders Abandon the Post.
r Cavtala CEORCE U
U. . V.
FIGHTING at Fort Donelson,
Tennessee, began fifty year
years ago Feb. 13 with the at
tack of the Federal warships
upon the Confederate water batteries.
It ended on the 13th with a brilliant
charge by Federal Infantry which de
cided the day. The fort stood on high
ground, tome of It 160 feet above the
river, and covered about 100 acres.
Upon each flank of the attacking- ar
my's approach there was a creek filled
with backwater. Across the rap be
tween the two streams General U. S.
Grant deployed bis force of over 27,000
men In three division. General J. A.
McOernand held the right with on
division. General Lew Wallace tbe cen
ter and General C. F. Smith the left.
Tbe Federal nary under Flag Officer
A. n.,Foote was counted upon to re
peat at Donelson Its effect) re werk at
Fort'.nenry on. the 6th. Four Ironclads
were on hand, tbe Carondeiet, St.
Louis -(Sags hip), Louisville and Pltts
bvrgfe. The army got In position be
fore the works on the 12th of Feb
ruary, and on the 18th tbe Carondeiet
opened tbe bombardment from the safe
berth of two and a half miles. Only
en of. the 300 shots fired damaged the
fort It was exto the last shot fired
that day and entered an embrasure,
dlsafflBng, one gun and killing the Con
federate chief of artillery, Captain
Dtxom. One shot pierced the Caronde
iet. tat did but Rttle damage. On the
loth the ships steamed up to within
400 yard, -and tbe combatants on both
sides were 'beat upon a test of guns
and mettle. Tbe oaalaught by Foote's
guns was terrific, and the gunners In
the water batteries of tbe fort began
to desert their pieces. Then in an in
stant all was changed. A solid shot
tore through the pilot house of the St.
Louis, killing the pilot and destroying
the wheel. Flag Officer Foote was
wounded by the side of the pilot. An
other shot wounded the pilot of the
Loutevllle and cut tbe tiller ropes.
Ironclads Pot Oat of the right
Both Injured ships dropped out of
the fight, covered by the Cnrondelet
end Pittsburgh. The Pittsburgh soon
turned about, bndly cut up, and the
Carondeiet faced the batteries clone
for a time.
The highest gun of the enemy's wa
ter battery was in charge of a boy of
v v : sh
.-V? ". w-V
i t. . V
orssr.Ati 9. a. oiukt, v. s. a., tedxral
COMMAItKH AT FORT DUMUUK.
tho name of Freua. War was fun to
the lad, and when lie saw the confu
sion apiong the Keiii'ral stilus be said
to bis mates. "See me take the tallest
i-hlniney." Tbe chimney came down
and with it the flag, and Frequa shout
ed: "Come on: You are not at Fort
Ileuryr lie landed a shot in a port
hole of the CaronuViet. and the entire
flt-et backed off out of range.
Tbe Confederates. Jubilant over the
asy repulse of tbe guuboats. sent a
telegram to Richmond announcing a
.groat victory. It was soon followed
by one telling a different story, al
vhouvn Grant retiivd to his blanket
that nlcht thinking he would hare to
begin a long aiege. The troops had no
shelter, and it was intensely cold. Tbe
soldiers had recklessly thrown away
their overcoats and blankets, and it
was risky to have fires within range
f the guns of the fort. Early on the
loth Grant visited the wounded flag
olTloer on the St. Louis and found that
the navy had been put oat of the fight.
Returning to bis camp, be was met by
tbe news that during his absence tbe
Confederates Had opened the ball on
land by driving McClernand's line back
from tbe road of retreat, and there
ON LAND FRAUD CHARGE
Chicago, Feb. 29. Two years' in
reetlgaUon by the government of the
Vcllowstone National Land company,
la T. irh a number of prominent men
i'i r.ais were interested. Including
r: X ' i4
was danger that they would escape the
trap be hoped to set for them.
Gallant Charge to the Eoad.
General Smith headed the attack to
close the road which the Confederates
bad wrested from McOernand in their
bold sortie. Reaching tbe abatis in
front of tbe Confederate works with
his center brigade, be searched out a
path through tbe entaglement. keep
ing his cap on the point of his uplifted
sword in full view of the men. After
passing the barrier he rode bold!y up
the ascent, followed by all who had
lived through tbe terrible volleys
which greeted his column from the
fort and from tbe rifle pits in front.
GENERAL G. J. PILLOW. C. 8
&V ' - f c v i . - ? ' 4
THE DOOMED FORT. AND COLONEL
WHO LED OUT 500 CATALRT.
He captured the outer lines of pits and
held on in the face of a Confederate di
vision which attempted to beat bim off.
Under the cover of Smith's charge up
to tbe fort Lew Wallace sent, forward
to the capture! Charlotte road tbe
demibrigade led by Colonel Morgan L.
Smith. There were but two regiments
in the column, the Eleventh Indiana,
known as "Wallace's zouaves,' and' tbe
Eighth Missouri. Both regiments bnd
been trnined as skirminhers. After ex
plaining to tbe men tbe desperate na
ture of the task Wallace told them to
be governot by circumstances. His
words were drowned by their cheers
and cries of "Forward, forward!"
As the skirmishers advanced up the
slope the Confederates opened from a
forest in front a terrible rifle fusillade.
The zouaves and Missourians sprer.d
their line until it covered the whole
battle front. Volleys were fired over
their heads Into the main line of battle.
Knowing the field well, the Confed
erates made a citadel of every tree and
rock. Often antagonists took shelter
behind the same object, fpon Hear
ing the crest Wallace's men began fir
ing steadily, and before the supports
got well engaged the Confederates fell
back to their lntrenehments. Just then
an order from Grant reached Wallace
to suspend the attack; but. believing
he had the wedge well In, he lirnored
the order and pushed tbe skirmishers
forward to the Charlotte road again.
cutting off the way of escaie. His
men bivouacked within l.TO rod3 of the
enemy's guns, lying on their arms
ready for the expected counter assault.
Inside the walls of Fort Donelson there
was gloom the night of Feb. 15. The
Confederates had been beaten in bat
tle that day and were hemmed in on
all sides. . They had few boats plying
the river flowing past the fort, and
Grant's troops bad closed tbe onlv
road of escape on land. The chieftains.
General J. B. Floyd, General G. J. ril
low and General S. B. Buckner, met in
council of war. Various accounts of
the scene have been given. Colonel N.
B. Forrest, the noted cavalry leader,
Confederate Leaders Disagree.
Colonel Forrest was full of fight
He would not surrender and told
Floyd that he would cut a path
through the Federal lines at any
point Floyd would designate, form a
line of cavalry around tbe place of
exit and keep the Federal soldiers
back until the escaping garrison had
passed through. The council could not
agree upon a mode of action. Floyd
decided to give It up, turned the com
mand over to Pillow and took his own
brigade out by boats. Pillow went
away, leaving Buckner to share the
hopeless fate of the garrison. Forrest
said that he would go out if It was
only to save one man. A creek with
swsmpy borders extended from the
river close to the fort along tho front
of Grant's lines on the flank. For
rest told bis men of this swamp and
gavo them their choice to ford it or
stay and be taken prisoners In tbe
morning. About 500 of his Tennessee
a brother of former Vice President
Charles W. Fairbanks, resulted ia
the arrest of. two officers of the or
ganization by postoffice inspectors
The officials taken in custody are
H. A. Mason, secretary and treasurer
troopers agreed to follow their leader
wherever he went, and they escaped
by riding through the swamp with the
water reaching their saddle skirts.
Unconditional Surrender Demanded.
Grant intended to push the fight on
the morning -of the 16th and capture
the fort by storm if it did not haul
down the flag. It was in this spirit
that he received before daylight the
16th a letter from General Buckner.
written after Floyd and Pillow had
abandoned him to his fate. The letter
asked for an armistice until 12 o'clock
noon. Buckner had said at the coun
cil of war before he wrote to Grant
that the troops of tbe garrison in Don
elsorf had no fight in them. Some were
alreadv helpless from the cold. Grant's
reply to the note was just suited to the
temper of things in Donelson. It was
as follows: -
Headquarters Army In the Field.
Camp Near Donelson. Feb. 16. 1K2.
General S. B. Buckner. Confederate Army:
Sir Your of this date proposing: tin ar
mistice and appointment of commissioners
to settle upon terms of capitulation is Just
received. No terms except an uncondi
tional surrender can be accepted. I pro
pose to move Immediately upon your
very respectfully your ob't
V. S. GRANT.
Meanwhile Buckner had sent notice
to his troops on the front line that he
bad made a proposition to tbe enemy
to surrender the fort and asked them
to notify the Federal troops in front in
by tit Rviw of Reviews company.
LEADER WHO ESCAPED FROM
N. B. FORREST, C S. A
order to stop further fighting. White
flags appeared all along the rifle pits.
but none on the fort Itself. To Grant's
message he replied that be was com
pelled by circumstances to accept the
"ungenerous and unchivalrous terms'
proposed. On receiving this second let
ter Grant mounted his horse and rode
along the lines toward the little vll
lage of Dover, where the Confederate
headquarters were located. Firing had
ceased on. both sides, and on reaching
the Conf!derate outposts In front of
Dover Grant was not challenged. He
continued on to the little two story.
unpalnted tavern which has become
historic as the scene of the famous
surrender and was surprised to find
that General Lew Wallace was already
in consultulion with bis old enemy,
Wallace commanded the Federal
troops nearest to Dover and had had
Lis soldiers astir before the break of
day, intending to charge the Confed
erate breastworks as soon as it became
light enough to maneuver. The regi
ments were forming for the purpose
when a bugie blast across the lines an
nounced the approach of a flag of truce.
The truce officer stated that Buckner
had decided to surrender the fort and
garrison, numbering K.000 to 15.000
men, and asked that there be no more
firing. Wallace gave ordors to his bri
gade commanders to advance and take
0 by the Review of Reviews compear.
gctbai, a b. Bccxxnt, c. a. a., ooirrzs
aATB i.KlDKB WHO StJRKSliUXBJtO.
possession of tbe enemy's works and
himself rode with tbe Confederate to
Wallace sent bis name in to tbe Coo
federate chieftain, who recognized In
him an acquaintance and ordered the
sentinel to admit him. After a general
handshake between the Federal and
the Confederate leader and staff all
sat down to a breakfast of corn bread
and coffee. During the meal Grant ar
rived and at once entered Into friendly
conversation with Buckner, whoa be
hag known at West Point and ta the
regular army before the war.
of the company, and John A. Hanley,
a director, both of Chicago. The men
are charged with using tbe malls to
defraud by the sale of tracts of west
ern lands to which they had never
obtained a title.
The two men were arrested on in-
Si ' -..
dictmenta recently returned by the
federal grand Jury and suppressed
They are especially charged In the
indictments with the sale of lands in
Madison county, Montana, for which
they received a total of $15,000, and
to which tt is alleged they had never
held title. Other misrepresentations
are charged by tho government liter
ature sent out by tho company to
The Yellowstone National Land
company was organized under the
laws of South Dakota. Its principal
offices are in the Marquette building,
204 South Dearborn street. Govern
ment agents declare that immediate
ly after it was learned by the offi
cers of the concern that the federal
officials were making an inquiry into
its operations tho business was dis
D. O. Thompson, president of the
Thompson Live Stock company, who
has died since the Investigation be
gan, was president of the company.
L. M. Fairbanks, president of the
Mansfield Banking company, Mans
field, 111., and a brother of former
Vice President Charles W. Fairbanks.
was vice president of the land com
pany, and his name was advertised as
one of the substantial men behind
the venture in literature sent
through tho mails to prospective cus
Mason, one of the men placed un
der arrest, who, with John A. Han
ley, it is alleged, promoted the com
pany, was formerly connected with
Armour & Co. Hanley, also arrest
ed, has been connected with tho Rock
Island Southern railway system as
vice president. Among the other
prominent men who were interested
was Colonel J. H. Be6t, president of
tho Quincy State bank, Quincy, 111.
Colonel Best was a director of the
Indictments, it is Baid, were re
turned against Mason, Hanley and
Thompson only. The other men were
believed to have been deceived into
Investing In the Institution and to
lending their names.
A tract of land comprising 4,560
acres situated in Madison county,
Montana, was extensively advertised
by the firm up to the time the bus!
ness was discontinued. An examina
tion of the claims revealed the fact
that the company had never had a
title to the land. .
Claims also made that the land was
adapted to the growing of fruit were
investigated by the agricultural de
Bloomington Woman, 97, Dead.
Bloomington, Feb. 29. Judith A.
Bradner is dead at tbe age of 97. She
had lived in Bloomington 75 years.
TALKS ON INVESTMENTS
Investors in the eastern and New
England states always have been
great buyers of corporation bonds
Semi-annual coupons of this class of
securities have added much to the
wealth of those sections.
Many individuals and many estates
In the "effete east" owe their vast
accumulations of this world's goods
to this Bource of investment and by
reinvesting interest until colossal
fortunes have been built up.
When the Equitable Life Assur
ance society building of New York
city was destroyed by fire early in
the present year, there were over
one billion dollars in money and se
curities mostly the latter locked
up in the fireproof vaults of that
Corporation bonds usually bear a
good rate ot Interest and the cumu
lative force of reinvested income
therefrom grows astonishingly fast.
Let your money labor for you. It
never ceases if properly invested.
H. E. SUDTiOW & CO.,
Safety Building liock Island
The Neal Three
day Liquor Cure
Is a Certain and
less Cure for the
No matter how long or bow
much a man may have been
drinking the NEAL CURE wUl
remove all craving or physical
demand for liquor in only
THREE DAYS' time and re
store him to a better physical
and mental condition. A cure
is guaranteed. No hypodermic
Injections. A purely vegetable
medicine. Endorsed by reliable
popl3 is your owa nelghlwr
hood. For fall Information
call or write tho
J. J. Morrow, Mgr.
821 Fanuun St Davenport, la.
Daily United States Weather Map
Eao u. S. Department of Agriculture. I
wNh ' V o WEATHER BUREAU. I
hcW S. " WILLIS L. MOORE, Chief. ) f
O clsr; partly cloudy; O cloudy;
JJ'B: .IT1 "Port missing.
FORECAST FOR ROCK ISLAND, DAVENPORT. MOLIXE
Fair 'and continued cold
The southwestern low which remains
central over California is attended by
occasional light snow in. the Rocky
mountain sections. Relatively low pres
sures and unsettled weather are also
noted In the southern sections, with
light precipitation in the Ohio valley
and Tennessee. The northwestern
area of high pressure and generally
fair, cold weather has overspread the
territory from the crest of the Rockies
to the middle Atlantic coast, with the
crest of the high on the eastern Rocky
mountain slope. Temperatures decid
(By wire from E. W. Wagner & Co,
Grain Provisions, Stocks and Cotton.
Local offices at Rock Island house. Rock
Island. 111. Chicago office, 98-89-100.
Board of Trade. Local telephones, No.
BOARD OF TRADE TRANSACTIONS
May, 102, 103. 102, 102.
July, 96, 97, 9GV4, 96'4.
September, 95, 95B, 94'i, 949.
May. 69V;. 69, 67, 69.
July, 69'4, 69, C7V4, 69.
September, 69, 70, 69 Vi, 69.
May. 52. 53, 52. 52.
July, 4S, 49. 48, 48.
September, 41. 41, 41, 41.
May, 15.25, 15.42, 15.25, 15.32.
July, 15.55, 15.72, 15.55, 15.62.
May, 9.15, 9.25, 9.15, 9.22.
July, 9.32, 9.42, 9.32, 9.37.
May, 8.55, 8.62. 8.55, 8.55.
July, 8.C2, 8.67, 8.60, 8.62.
THE GRAIN MARKET.
Chicago Casn Grain.
Wheat So. 2 r 101102, No. 3
r 99101, No. 2 hw 102105, No.
3 hw 100102, No. 1 ns 110 113. No.
2 ns 108I11, No. 3 ns 102 110. No. 2
s 100108, No. 3 a 99 107, No. 4 s 90
103, vc 909106, durum 90107.
Oats No. 2 5353. No. 2 hw 52 j
53. No. 4 48. No. 4 w 47052, stand-1
Corn No. 3 64&C5, No. 3 w 63
C8. No. 3 y 63ffi55. No. 4 60
62. No. 4 w 61&G2, JMo. 4 y Cl
63, sgm 68, sgy 60 .
Wheat opened to up; closed
Corn opened up; closed up.
Wheat 59 13
Corn 482 0
Oats 220 280
To- Last Last
day. Week. Year
Minneapolis 18 holiday 121 j
Duluth 21 holiday 3 i
Winnipeg 518 429 147 j
Chicago Estimates Tomorrow.
Primary Movement. j
P.K-ipts. Shipments i
Wheat today 3i,000 254.000
Year ago 238.000 231,000
Corn today 597,000 735.000
Year ago 400,000 432,000
LIVE STOCK MARKET.
Opening of Market
Hogs 38,000; left over 3.515; 5c to
10c lower. Light 6.156.50, heavy 6.15
6.52, mixed 6.15 6.50, rough 6.15
Cattle 9,000; 10c to 15c lower.
Sheep 20,000; steady to 10c up.
Nine O'clock Market.
Hogs dull, generally 10c lower. Light
6.156.45. mixed 6.1506.43, heavy 6.15
6.45, rough 6.15-96.25, bulk 6.306.45,
pigs 4.60 6.25.
Cattle slow, generally 10c to 15c low-j
er.- Beeves 4.9008.60, Texans 4.60(g !
5.90, westerns 5.0007.00, stockers 4.00 )
6-20, calves 5.75 8.25. i
Sheep steady to 10c lower; natives!
3.25 4.80; lambs, natives 4.506.95.
i ' : :
tonight and Friday. The lowest
edly below zero prevail from Alberta.
eastern Montana and eastern Wyoming
eastward to the northern portion of the
lake region. Owing to the -high pres
sures to the westward, fair and contin
ued cold weather is indicated for this
vicinity tonight and Friday. i
High. Low. Prep.
Atlantic City 42 28 .00
Boston 38 20 .00
Buffalo i...22 12 .02
Rock Island 24 3 .00
Denver 18 -8 .04
Close of Market.
Hogs fairly active, 5c to 10c lower.
Light 6.206.45, mixed 6.206.47.
heavy 6.206.47. rough 6.206.30.
Cattle easy at decline; top 8.60.
Sheep weak; top 4.80.
Lambs, top 7.00.
Western Live Stock.
Hogs. Cattle. Sheep
Kansas City 11,000 6,000 10,000
Omaha 21,000 3,300 17,000
Estimated Chicago Tomorrow.
Hogs. Cattle. Sheep
Chicago 36,000 4,000 15,000
NEW YORK STOCKS.
New York, Feb. 29. Following are
the quotations on the market today:
Gas . 140Vi
Union Pacific 166 '.i
V. S. Steel preferred 107
U. S. Steel common 61
Rock Island common 23
New York Central 110
Missouri Pacific 39
Great Northern 129
Northern Pacific 117
Colorado Fuel & Iron 24
Canadian Pacific 230
Chesapeake & Ohio 71
Brooklyn Rapid Transit 78
Baltimore & Ohio 102
St. Paul ... .' 105
Iehigh Valley 159
Republic Steel common 17
LOCAL MARKET CONDITIONS.
Feb. 29. Following are the quota
tions on the local market today:
Butter Dairy, 35c; creamery, 45c.
LrL 12 c.
Feed and Fuel.
L1TTEN S ROBERTS
Peoples National Bank Bid'g,
Phone West 122
fm DrntOHU, Opnos,
r MarptuM sad
Vfjw sad NcarasuWi.
bsssMstati MisV. hbasshaJ
FEDFLE'S NiTIDNAl BANK ELCL,RCDk 411
OLD PHONE. WEST Ul NEWSIO.)
OPEN WEDNESDAY AND SATURDAY NIGHTS
temperature tonight will be
Jacksonville 64 "44 " .00
Kansas City 30 ' 14 .00
New Orleans 62 50 .00
New York 34 22 .00
Norfolk 60 38 .00
Phoenix 78 42 .00
St. Louis 32 20 .00
St. Paul 18 0 .00
San Diego 66 48 .00
San Francisco 68 4S .00
Seattle 46 36 .00
Washington, D. C. .. 48 30 .00
Winnipeg . 8 14 .00
Yellowstone Park .. 4 .00
J. M. SHER1ER, Local Forecaster.
Clorvr hay, $15.
Forage Timothy hay, $20 to $23.
Wild hay, $14 to $1T.
New corn, 55c to 68c
Coal Lump, per bushel, 15c; slack,
Rheumatism Relieved In a Few Hours
N. B. Langley, Madison, Wis., says:
"I was almost helpless with rheuma
tism for about five months. Had It in
my neck bo I could not turn my head,
and all through my body. I tried three
doctors and many remedies without
any relief whatever until I procured
Dr. Detchon's Relief for Rheumatism.
In a few hours the pain was relieved
and in three days the rheumatism was
completely cured and I was at work."
Sold by Otto Grotjan, 1501 Second ave
nue, Rock Island ; Gubt Schlegel & Son,
220 West Second street, Davenport
Wife Got Tip Top Advice.
"My wife wanted me to take our
boy to tbe doctor to cure an ugly
boil," writes D. Frankel of Stroud,
Okla. "I said 'put Bucklen's Arnica
Salve on it.' She did so, and it cur
ed the boil in a short time." Quick
est healer of burns, scalds, cuts,
corns, bruises, sprains, swellings.
Best pile cure on earth. Try it.
Only 25 cents at all druggists.
THERE IS TROUBLE
IN THE HOME
when a man has to eat the
heavy, sour and Indigestible
bread that some wives and do
mestics bake. Why do this
when you can buy such tempt
ing and delicious bread, rafts,
biscuits and high grade breads
here at less cost than by bak
iug them at home? Try our
superior bread, cakes and rolls
and save yourself trouble and
expense by ordering from
1710-1718 Second Avenue.
Phone Vet 156.
& a ait;