Newspaper Page Text
D ' AH
Argus Want Ads
Always Brin Results
SIXTY-FIRST YEAR. NO. .125.
MONDAY, MARCH 11, 1912.
PRICE TWO CENTS,
EFFICIENCY NOT AT PRICE
OF MEN IS ARSENAL REPORT
MAIN RAILWAY AND LIGHT HOLDINGS
STRIKE OF COAL MINERS IS
SPREADING AROUND WORLD
PASS FROM EASTERN BANKERS TO WEST
CONTROL OF TRI-CITY PUBLIC UTILITIES PASSES 1MT0 NEW HANDS
Held That Taylor Plan
Makes Worker Beast
VICTORY FOR WORKERS
Day's Labor Can Be Deter
mined oy Experience.
Forecast Till 1 P. M. Tomorrow, for
Rock Island. Davenport, Molina,
Snow and colder tonight with the
lowest temperature about 15 degrees.
Tuesday generally fair and colder
with easterly winds turning to
northerly winds and becoming high.
Temperature at 7 a. m. 23. High
est yesterday 28, lowest last night
Velocity of wind at 7 a .m. 8 miles
Reasonable ; pr nour-
.precipitation np to i a. m. .u incu
Relative humidity at 7 p. m, 47,
at 7 a. m. 94.
J. M. SHERIER,
fPprlal to The Argun.)
Washington, March 11. "There is no
tconomlc necessity to require workmen
to speed np to the highest point to the
Injury of their health. To place work
men In this position Is to place them
in the position of a beast of burden."
This is an extract from the unanimous
report filed late Saturday afternoon to
the house by the special committee ap
pointed to Investigate the Taylor and
other systems of scientific shop man
agement. COMPLAINTS SrSTAINEO.
The report sustained in every way
the attitude of Congressman I. 8. Pep
per of Muscatine, Iowa, and Clyde H.
Tavenner. The Argus Washington cor
respondent, who made the first nation
wide exposure of the "other side" of
the system, and who cooperated with
the arsenal workmen to bring the in
SI STEM TI.li I OPPOKl.
"No man can seriously object," says
the report, "and, as a matter of fact.
Do one has objected, to any system
which sto standardizes and system-,
fttlzea that a greater amount of produc
tion is secured with tlie same expendi
ture of the labor.
"But efficiency must not be had at
the cost of the men, vpinen and chil
dren who labor and who should be the
primary beneficiaries of the efficiency.
AC.AIMiT III KOKNSOMF. I'll A NCiK.
"Any system of shop management
Which creates a burdensome change
through standardization or systematiza
tion, which is too heavy for the shop
to bear, or which Imposes burdensome
Clinngts which are too heavy for the
Workmen to bear, should be discon
tiuued. "There Is a margin between the work
performed by the loafer and the maxi
mum task for a man, and in that mar
fin lies a proper day's work. What
constitutes a reasonable day's work
au be determined by practical experi
ence and intelligent observation.
SHOt'LU HAVE CONSENT.
"It cannot be wholly determined by
stop-watch or any other time-measuring
instrument used only for a brief
period. Stop-watch time study should
tot be made of workmen without their
"The proponents of the Taylor sys
tem assert that the workman will be
protected against any injustice cither i
In the amount of work required of him,
or the compensation for that work, by
ft change in the mental attitude
brought about by the Introduction of
TOO VARIAR1.K A BASIS.
"Your committee is of the opinion
that the mental attitude of the em
ployer la too variable and unsubstan
tial a basis upon which to rest the ma
terial welfare of the wage worker."
(From noon today to noon tomorrow.)
Bun sets 8.02, rises 6:16; moon rise
345 a. m.
BOSTON BROKER IS
SHOT BY CUSTOMER
Boston. March 11. Spencer R. HilL
a well-known stock broker, was shot
and seriously wounded today by one
of his customers. Hill is a member
of the (brokerage firm of Richardson,
Hill & Co., and is vice president of
the Keweenaw Central Railway com
pany and the Keweenaw Copper com
Customer H. Jiewlnski was over
powered by clerks and handed over
to the police. The police decided
stock market losses unbalanced Le-
winski's mind. Lewinskl at first
threatened to shoot up the office, but
catching sight of Hill, fired. The bul
let struck him in the right breast. Hill
Is also vice president of the Phoenix
Consolidated Copper company and the
Washington Copper Mining company
Chicago and Three Cities as Weil as Capital in Several States Interested in
Ownership-Significance of Change May be Shown in
WOMAN JUDGE AT A
Glenwood Springs, CoL, March 11.
Several men charged -vW "bootleg
ging" in Eagle county have additional
cause for anxiety as to the outcome of
their case because they will be tried
before a woman judge, and their fates,
from ell indications will rest with a
jury composed partly of women. Mrs.
L. M. Tague, the only woman judge in
Colorado, will preside where "boot-
lepging" cases will be tried. Nearly
half the venire summoned for the pres
ent term of court, which began today,
(Special to The Argus.)
Chicago, March 11. It was
reported in financial circles to
day that Chicago capital had
become .largely interested in
the stock of the public utilities
at Rock Island and Moline, HI.,
and Davenport, Iowa, known
as the Tri-City Railway & Light
company, and that the control
had practically passed from
New York bankers to a western
INSULA OXE OF HOLDERS.
Interested largely in the lat
ter are George B. Caldwell, vice
president of the Continental
Trust & Savings bank of Chi
cago; Samuel Insull, president
of the Commonwealth Edison
company of Chicago and head
of the Chicago elevated roads;
Edward Russell and H. L.
Stewart, Chicago financiers;
J. G. White, William Butter
worth, Moline manufacturer,
and capitalists at Clinton,
Iowa, and Davenport.
WALSHES HAVE HAND?
It is reported that the Walsh
brothers have secured large
holdings of the tri-city utilities
stock, and that back of them
is the McKinley syndicate of Il
linois interurbans. The capital
ists that have gained control
are understood to be interested
in gas plants in Michigan and
Illinois and various cities in In
diana, Tennessee and Iowa, in
cluding Muscatine in the latter1
The plants will, it i3 under
stood, continue to be operated
from Davenport, with J. P. Por
ter as the president of the tri
The forefroing will have the effect of
confirming rumors that have been
afloat in the three cities of late, re
ports having been prevalent from time
to time of the presence here of the
representatives of capitalists of the
public utility corporations in Chicago,
and other important points in Illinois,
as well as in Michigan, Indiana, Ten
nessee and Iowa. The significance of
the change in the control of the valu
able tri-city properties may be found
in the consolidation of a number of
lighting corporations, principally in
Iowa, and the linking up of the tri
cities with a vast interurban system
no less important in its magnitude than
the McKinley lines, known as the Illi
nois Traction system. This corpora
tion, which now connects the main cit
ies in Illinois In the southern and cen
tral portion of the Btate and owns a
bridge across the Mississippi at St.
Louis, Is as near to Rock Island as Ot
tawa in one direction and Peoria in an
other. POSSIBLE SIGNIFICANCE.
The connecting of the Walsh Inter
ests, in control of the Rock Island
Southern, which is at our very door, as
the possible representatives of the Mc
Kinley corporation, may mean the con
templated building of a line from Gales
burg to Peoria, which would connect
the three cities with the Illinois Trac
tion lines to St. Louis by means of the
Rock Island Southern, while the extent
tw wtiiite lollne capital Is' interested in
the new tri-city utilities deal, may In
dicate that that city has fish in the
fry in the matter of interurban connec
tions. Muscatine is mentioned in the
dispatch, and the Tri-City Railway
company is already building an inter
urban to that city and has the rolling
stock purchased. This may afford an
other angle to the deal, and who knows
but the I. & I. to Clinton may be Includ
ed since Clinton is also mentioned?
The wholesale consolidation of light
plants In a number of important Iowa
cities with those owned by the Tri-City
Railway company is supposed to be a
natural outcome of the passing of the
control of the local properties.
In any event, the development Is one
in which the three cities in general,
and Rock iBland in particular, must be
vitally interested. In this connection
a new field of operations for the boost
er spirit to display seems manifest.
Along with these other interurban con
nections that seem in sight, Rock Island
ought to get its share.
WONURRFl'L TRI-CITY GROWTH.
Thus, from a few Insignificant horse
car lines, the tri-city street railway
system has grown into one of the most
important in the west. When C. B.
Holmes came here from Chicago a
quarter of a century ago, and consoli
dated the horse car lines of the three
cities, connecting them with the bridge
line, the franchise for which was gain
ed after a fight, there was not very
much to buy. But he bought what
there was, hooked them together, sent
D. H. Louderback here and installed
electricity and put on rapid transit.
Then the value of the properties devel
CHANGES IN CONTROL.
Eventually trl-clty capital came into
possession of the consolidated inter
ests and succeeded in building up the
properties until, a few years ago, they
went into the controi of New York
bankers at a handsome price. This
Included the Walsh interests In Daven
port, the light and power plants of the
three cities, and the Moline, East Mo
line & Watertown electric railroad.
Since-then the eastern capitalists
have gone along improving the proper
ties, and spending large sums of mon
ey annually in their development, J. F.
Porter of Davenport being the direct
ing head of the Joint enterprises.
FREE SERVICE IN
Washington, March 11. Extension
of free . mail delivery service to vil
lages and small towns of the coun
try is" urged upon congress by Post
master General Hitchcock. He has
forwarded a recommendation that
an appropriation of $100,000 be made
to put village delivery service into
Washington, March 11. Woman's
suffrage will be advocated before the
senate suffrage committee next
Wednesday by a delegation of most
prominent American women in pub
lic life. Rev. Anna Shaw and Miss
Jane Addams are among those who
will deliver addresses.
The Interior department expendi
tures committee of the house practi
cally decided to investigate the In
dian bureau during the Roosevelt
and Taft administrations.
Representative Akin of New York
today apologized for language used
In a speech printed In the congres
sional record which assailed Taft and
Still Hoping for a Settle
ment in the United
DISTRESS IN ENGLAND
Much Suffering Among Poorer
Classes Because of Closing
Down of Factories.
ANSWER OF TAFT IS
SOUGHT ON PRIMARY
Washington, March 11. A copy of
Roosevelt's letter, made public to
day, was forwarded this morning - by
Secretary Dixon to Manager McKin
ley of the Taft campaign bureau. In
an accompanying note Dixon said:
"In view of this unqualified en
dorsement by challenge of March 4,
for a general primary test of the sen
timent of the republican voters in
the approaching campaign, I will be
glad to know whether. Taft, whose
personal representative you say you
are, similarly endorses you in refus
ing that test."
Pierre, S. D., March 11. A "La
Follette-Roosevelt progressive repub-
licaa'Vlisi -of delegates to the repub
lican national convention waa filed
with the secretary of state today.
This is to head off a proposed exclu
sive Roosevelt list.
BOOTBLACKS ARE TO
BUILD BRICK BLOCK
Montclair, N. J., March 11. Joseph
and Angelo Picola, two young men
who for six years shined shoes in a
railroad station here, will this week
begin the erection of a $2oK0 brick
business block on Pine street. The
building will be paid for out of the
savings from their business.
DEATHS IN A DAY
Washington, March 11. The federal
supreme court today upheld the right
of holders of patents to make license
restrictions as to the way articles they
sell may be used.
The decision is far-reaching, upholds
the right of patentees absolutely to dic
tate how their patented articles may
be sold by retailers, and declares legal
an inventor's "monopoly" in his selling
The case Involved is the alleged in
fringement in selling supplies for use
on a patented rotary mimeograph
SOCIALISTS SEEK SCALP
OF MAYOR OF OAKLAND
Orkland. CaL, March 11. Resolu
tions demanding the recall of Mayor
llott and the entire city administra
tion were endorsed at a socialist meet
ing today. Among the reasons for the
recall were charges that the water
front ihad been turned over to cor
porate interests and contracts for
fcork on the new city hall, amounting
to 9500.000, let illegally.
Monte Carlo, March 11. Dr. Jose C.
P. Paz, founder and director of La
Prensa of Buenos Aires, died here of
pneumonia. He was 60 years of age.
His son Ezechlel will take up the di
rection of the paper.
Kewanee, 111., March 11. Judge
C. C. Wilson, pioneer attorney of
Henry county, and chief justice of
the supreme court of Utah from 1866
to 1870, is dead, aged S3.
Ottumwa, Iowa. March 11. Dr. Dan
iel A. LaForce, aged 75, former mayor
of Ottumwa, Iowa, is dead of rheuma
tism and heart trouble. He graduated
from Keokuk medical college In 1S63.
He was prominent in G. A. R. circles.
TO KILL A PAL
Denver, CoL. March 11. Eddie Set
aid. 19. aon of a Brighton. Col. far-
tner, enraged at the conduct of a com
panion lx their attempted holdup of a
saloon at Valverde, a suburb, last
flight, shot his companion twice, ac
cording to the police.
In a statement to the police Selwald
alleged he entered the saloon with Os
car Cook, a companion, that Cook shot
nown William McPherson, a patrol
man, and A. L. IJoyd, owner of the sa
loon. This maddened Selwald and be
shot Cook and fled. McPherson and
Lloyd died, and Cook, age 25, a miner, is
dying. Cook admitted the wounds in
fcU body were inflicted whi!e he was
oicg the Job."
BIDDEN TO DAVENPORT
Invitations have been sent Presi
dent Arthur T. Hadley of Yale and
President A. L. Lowell of Harvard
to appear as "Thursday Noon"
speakers at the Davenport Commer
cial club. The invitations were for
warded to the two distinguished
The notice on the machine set forth it
was sold in the restriction that It was
to be used only with supplies made by
the patenting company.
It was a divided court ruling, for
against this majority view, three mem
bers, Chief Justice White, Hughes and
White declared congress should act
to head off "untold evils" that would
follow today's decision. White arraign
ed the majority opinion as breaking all
precedents, the court in the past never
having failed to stand as protector of
Department of justice officials regard
the patent decision as extremely im
portant in the administration of the
Sherman anti-trust law, which is be
ing involved in a number of cases
where it is alleged patent rights are
being overstepped to restrain trade.
A SAN DIEGO MOB
San Diego, Cal., March 11. About
five thousand persons who gathered at
.he rolice station today in anticipation
of a possible demonstration for nearly
one hundred prisoners accused of vio
lating the street-speaking ordinance,
were dispersed by streams of water
from the city's fire hose. Ope man,
wrapped In an American flag, was
washed down a street for a block, float
ing with the flag in the water. When
the crowd assembled. Chief of Police
Wilson, fearing an attempt might be
made to rush the jail, urged its mem
bers to keep the crowd moving.
FREIGHTER IS SINKING
IN LAKE; CREW ESCAPE
Chicago, March 11. The freight
Eteamer Flora M. Hill is reported sink
ing two miles off Chicago avenue pier.
The crew of 32 is said to have reached
the two-mile crib in safety after many
narrow escapes from crevices in the
ice floes. The steamer left Kenosha
Sunday and became lodged in the ice
southwest of the crib. Pressure of ice
caused a leak.
San Diego, Cal., March 11. Six ves
sels of a fishing fleet, with crews num
bering 19 men, "have been missing two
days. They are believed to have been
lost in Saturday's gale.
WHEN SCOTT COMES HOME
ATTEMPT TO FIX FIGHT
IS CHARGED AT FRISCO
San Francisco, March 11. The Call
today prints accounts of an alleged
proposal for the "fake" knockout, said
to have been made by Abe Attell to
"Harlem" Tommy Murphy last Satur
day before their 20-round fight. Attell
denied the accusation.
IRISH HOME RULE BILL
TO BE OFFERED APRIL 9
London, March 1L The home rule
bil for Ireland is to be Introduced in
the commons. April 9 or 10. Premier
Asquith made this statement in the
commons this afternoon.
AT NATION CAPITAL
Washington, March 11. Heavy
earth shocks lasting 25 minutes were
recorded today by a seismograph at
Georgetown university. Vibrations be
gan at 3:35 o'clock and the most vio
lent at 5:40. Disturbances occurred
2,000 miles from Washington.
New York, March 11. A world
wide strike of coal miners ia regard-
jed by the coal trade aa more than
likely if present negotiations now
progressing between the anthracite
and bituminous workers and their
employers in this country do not re
sult in a settlement of working con
ditions. With more than a million
coal miners out In Great Britain and
150,000 in Germany, striking for
higher wages, a severe coal shortage
in Europe is faced.
MILLS FORCED TO CLOSE.
London, March 11. The coal strike
involving over a million miners shows
little sign of settlement. Besides the
miners another million workers, men
and women employed in factories and
mills in all parts of the Great Britain,
are thrown out of employment be
cause of the impossibility of obtain
ing fuel to run machinery. Many
ocean steamers are laid up. Prices
of provisions and all . necessaries of
life have gone up to such an extent
tnat extreme distress exists among
the poorer classes.
Southampton, March 11. The Amer
ican liner St Paul and the White Star
liner Oceanic have been withdrawn
from service as a result of the coal
strike. ' ,
men arrr in germant.
Berlin, March 11. The coal strike
went into effect In the Westphallan
mines today when about 60 per cent
of 350,000 miners quit. Large forces
of police are on duty everywhere
throughout the region, but ony two
isolated attacks on nonunion miners
have been reported. The conflict is
Quite as much of a struggle between
leaders of the rival socialist and non-
socialist unions as between the mine
owners and employes.
DISPLAY OF "SOLIDARITY.
Paris, March 11. About two-
thirds of the coal miners of France
have responded to the appeal of the
miners' federation to strike for 24
hours. This action is not directed
against the mine owners, but Is de
signed to show to the government
the "solidarity" of the miners, and
as a warning to parliament that the
miners are not satisfied with the
workingmen's old age pension law.
SAN SALVADOR IN WARM
WELCOME TO MR. KNOX
San Salvador, March 11. Secretary
Knox received a warm welcome here
today. Foreign ministers at the head
of the reception committee met the
secretary's party pn arrival at Acajut-
la. A special train conveyed Knox to
San Salvador. This morning President
Araujo received Knox at the palace.
Tonight Knox will be a guest at a
state dinner. As the launch convey
ing Knox approached the customs
house a salute of 19 guns was fired and
the national anthem played.
Mexican Rebels Lose Engagement.
Mexico City. March 11. Rebels
lost 150 in a battle near Gomez Pa
Iacio March 9, according to a lis
patch from Torreon. The federals'
casualties were not reported.
EIGHT HOUR DAY FOR
MINNESOTA MINING MEN
OF BEEF MEN
Chicago, March .11. Government
counsel today vigorously attacked a
motion of the defense in the packers'
trial to have the case taken from the
jury and the 10 defendants discharged.
Special Counsel Sheean said : "The pack
ers' combination Is the most powerful
and efficient engine ever devised by
the human mind for the fixing of prices
and destruction of competition. We be
lieve the jury should be allowed to de
cide whether the defendants have vio
lated the law."
Washington, March 11. General
Counsel Bancroft, of the International
Harvester company today discussed
the proposed anti-trust suit against the
corporation with Assistant Attorney
General Fowler. A report of the bureau
Duluth, Minn., March 11. Local
mining men when Interviewed today
concerning action taken by the Oliver '
lion company and several Independent ;of corporations as a result of its recent
mining companies, whereby an eight-
hoi r work day is granted most of the
miners in underground workings,
seemed unanimous in the opinion that
the change in hours had been brought
about as a result of the activities of
the steel investigating committee at
W ashington. Much gratification is ex
pressed on the ranges, it being claim
ed the eight-hour shift calls for many
additional men in the rush season.
SUPREME COURT STANDS
BY 90-CENT GAS RULING
Washington, March 11. A decree of
the supreme court of Iowa, upholding
a SO-cent gas ordinance of Cedar Rap
ids, for the present, today was affirmed
by the United States supreme court.
fepecial inquiry into the Harvester com
pany's business was considered at to
day's conference. It was said that it
did not represent the actual resump- '
tlon of negotiations for a friendly set
tlement of the proposed suit. Those
w ill be begun as soon as the depart
ment officials have digested the report
of the bureau of corporations.
Washington, March 11. Guy M.
Freer, a traffic expert, told the Stanley
steel investigating committee today
that the Duluth, Mesaba St Northern
railroad, a subsidiary of the steel cor
poration, made a return on , its ore
charges in .1910 of 240 per cent on its
capital stock. The freight rate on ore
was 80 cents a ton for the haul from
the Mesaba mines to Lake Superior.
This rate be considered unreasonable.