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THE ROCK ISfcANDARGUS. WEDNESDAY, MARCH 27, 1912.
The War Fifty Years Ago
"Stonewall" Jackson's Move In the Shenandoah Valley.
He Abandons the Town of Winchester Federal
General Pope Captures New Madrid, Mo. General
Burnside's Force Attacks and Captures New Berne,
N. C. The Vanguard of General Grant's Army
Reaches the Mississippi Border Grant Is Restored
to Command After Having Been Reproved and Sus
pended An Attack on Corinth, Miss., Proposed.
8v Captain CEOItCt U KILMER. Lata
U. S. V.
AFTER the capture of Roanoke ta
f land and Elizabeth City on
X"2L lUe 8tn nd tbe 1h of Feb
mary, 1862. the land troops
and tbe warships of the Burnslde
North Carolina expedition rested for. a
month, with the exception of a descent
upon the town of Wlnton on Feb. 13.
On that date eight Federal gunboats,
with a body of troops led by Colonel
Rush C. Hawkins, sailed tip Chowan
river. The town was bombarded by
boats and the public buildings set on
fire. Then the expedition returned to
Roanoke Island. This was for the tlma
being the last of active operations hav
ing Roanoke Island for a base. It was
SKKBRAI, I. O. POSTER, U. B. A., COMMAKD-
r.n p tub riKsr bhjoadb in bcun-
blLiK'tt Ail MI AT KIW Bit KM it
an open secret that the next move
would be against New Berne, a small
city on the Neuse river.
The Battle of New Berne.
The morning of Mnrrh 11 the troops
detailed for the attack upon that city
tmbnrked and that night, with the nv
forces, rendezvoused at Hatterns
lulet. On the 12th at evening the flwt
anchored off the month of Slocum's
reek, abont sixteen miles below New
born. The morning of the 13th, after some
preliminary Klieiliug of woods, the
troups bewail to disembark, the majori
ty golnx ashore in small boats, while
others Jumped from the transports,
which wre fast on the mud bottoms,
and. holding their cartridge boxes and
muskets over their beads, waded to
The enemy hnd chosen a strong posi
tion well calrnlnted for defensive pur
poses. On Otter creek about seven
n.lles up the river from the mouth of
Slocum's creek they had a line of In-
tren-'hrneuts reaching from the Neuse
river to the Atlantic and North Caro
lina railroad; two miles beyond they
had erected a strong fleld work for pre
venting a landing at that point; three
miles farther on there was a battery
mounting four heavy guns, but bearing
upon the river, and one mile farther up
toward New Berne wn their long line
of strong works, the chief defense
against an attack opon that city.
Fort Thompson, a large and caref' 1
ly planned nnnklng bastion, located on
the river and mounting thirteen heavy
guna. the enemy'a extreme left, was
the commencement of their main line
of breastworks, which extended a mile
to the railroad. On the other side of
the railroad was another series of de
fensive works, const ing of rifle pita
and detached lntrencbments In the
form of redans and lunettes that ter
minated In a two gun battery, about
two miles from Fort Thompson. AH
were located upon a swampy soil. The
line from the river to the railroad was
protected by a ditch and clearing In
front and the one beyond by a swamp
and underbrush along Its whole length.
In the river apposite Fort Thompson
and crossing Its channel were a dou
ble row of piles and many sunken ves
sels, formidable obt roctlooa. to assist
the fort In preventing an attack upon
New Berne from the river. The Fed
eral naval forces moved np the river
along with the troops.
Confederates Taken by Surprise.
The Confederates made practically
no defense ef the six mile line ef river
front defenses. The commander. Gen
eral L. O'R. Branch, bad placed forces
In each position to bold out against
attack from the Federal ships. How
ever, the Federal gunboats shelled a
Confederate regiment out of the works
In the line nearest Fort Thompson,
and. learning of this break In the de
fenses, all the forces posted for de
fense below tbst point retired to the
Fort Thompson line. Here Branch de
cided to defend New Berne as best be
could. His men were still at work on
the ramparts, which extended the line
lyond the railroad, when Burnside's
troops appeared. The guns in the two
gun battery were not mounted. How
ever, the fleld In front of this line,
across which the assailants muat
march, waa open ground and swept by
the fire of ten light cannon in the
works themselves and also by three
navy thirty-two pounders in Fort
Thompson, which bore upon this part
of the battlefield at fair range. A
good road leading from the river front
in the direction of New Berne bisected
the whole area of fighting and crossed
the railroad two miles above the Con
federate breastworks. Near the junc
tion of the breastworks and the rail
road there was a loopholed brick kiln
which served as a blockhouse for the
Early on the morning of the 14th the
positions of the Federal forces' were
designated preparatory to a forward
movement for attack. General J. G.
Foster was to more his brigade np
the road and attack the enemy'a left;
General J. L. Reno was to advance by
the railroad and attempt to turn the
Confederate right, while General J. G.
Tarke was to follow on the road as a
reserve or- to operate In the center.
The beads of the two advancing col-
umns soon came within range of the
enemy's . works. Foster's line, how
ever, merely made a show of attack
ing. Fighting at .the Eailroad.
General Reno, on the left, moved his
brigade, along the railroad in the fol
lowing order: Twenty-flrat Massachu
setts, Fifty-first New York. Ninth New
Jersey and Fifty-first Pennsylvania.
The first encounter "was with a large
detachment of the enemy bringing a
gun to bear on the railroad. This move
was checked by a well maintained fire
from Reno's skirmishers, and soon aft
er the right wing of the Twenty-first
Massachusetts, under Lieutenant Colo
nel Clfirk. charged and captured the
brick kiln within the enemy's line.
The other regiments of the brigade
were now brought forward on the left
of the Twenty-first Massachusetts,
with the Fifty-first Pennsylvania jn
reserve, supporting the extreme left of
the line. On this part of the fleld the
action lasted for about three and a
half hours, when the regiments en
gaged had expended nearly all their
ammunition. At that time the right
wing of the Fifty-first Pennsylvania.
cut regiments, was assigned to the cen
ter in supporting distance of either end
of the line. Soon after getting nnder
fire Colonel Rodman, with the Fourth
Rhode Island, offered to charge through
an opening In the intrenchments where
the railroad passed through. The offer
was accepted, and the Eighth Connect
icut and the Fifth Rhode Island were
ordered to bis support. Passing the
rifle pits, Rodman entered the rear of
the intrenchments. moving toward the
right, capturing guns and driving the
enemy from his intrenched position db
tween the railroad and Fort Thomp
son on the river. Simultaneously with
the movement of Colonel Rodman
General Foster made a charge along
his whole front The Federal gunboats
bad bombarded the Confederate lines
in front of Foeter for over two hours.
Seeing his right flank broken ra, Gen
eral branch gave up the fight and made
dispositions to retreat- Rodman's
movement was the culminating point
of the day and ended a battle most
creditable for all the troops and the
officers who commanded them. Before
retreating the garrison in Fort Thomp
son attempted to blow up the maga
zine, but failed. They did, however,
spike all the guna, rendering them nee
lees to the victors. When the strength
of the position is taken into considera
tion it is noteworthy that the assail
ants came out of the action with a loss
of only 90 killed and 380 wounded. The
Confederate casualties were 64 killed
and 101 wounded.
of the victims to recover damages by
attachments on the property of the out
laws occupied the attention of the
court. The defending attorneys declar
ed Victor Allen, indicted for murder
and in jail with his father, Floyd Al
len, at Roanoke, did not participate in
the tragedy. One of the prosecuting
attorneys admitted that when the
grand jury examines witnesses 'today
Victor Allen may not be reindicted.
Confederates Abandon Few Madrid,
The Confederate abandonment or
New Berne and its defenses and
armament on March 14 had a parallel
on the Mississippi. On that day the
Federal forces of General John Pope
entered the Confederate works at New
Madrid, Mo., which they had evacuat
ed the night before. This step bad fol
lowed an artillery battle at long range
on the 13th between General Pope's
siege guns and the Confederate gun
boats and batteries.
General Pope had begun siege opera
tions at New Madrid early in March
as soon as it became known in the
Federal camps that the Confederates
had established themselves there. This
they had done before evacuating Co
lumbus, on the Kentucky shore, thirty
miles np the river. . Columbus had
been the headquarters of General
Leonidas Polk throughout the war un
til he evacuated on March 2, being
forced there by the advance on land
and water of enetnies too strong to
withstand. The troops and guns at
Columbus were taken to Island No. 10,
in the Mississippi, near New Madrid,
and to that town, the two positions
having been selected for the Confed
erate defense of the Mississippi on the
At New Madrid the Confederates hnd
two earthworks mounting thirty-three
guns and connected by infantry breast
works; also six small wooden gunboats
of the converted passenger steamer
CLARE OF VERMILYA
EYE RETARDS TRIAL
6 V "
! Daily United States Weather TIap
L nenartment of Agriculture.
, A Si,
WILLIS U MOORE. Chief.
7 . .
T2..?e- A' Pressure reduced to sea Tlevel
O clear; partly cloudy; Q cloudy:
: 8nW: rePrt missing.
Arrows fly with tbe wind. First flcnre i ,
FORECAST FOR ROCK ISLAND, DAVENPORT. MOLINE AND VICINITY.
Unsettled weather with probably rain tonight or Thursday, slightly warmer
with the lowest temperature tonight above the freezing point.
Mrs, Louise Vermllya.
Trouble has been encountered at
Chicago In Retting a Jury to try Mrs.
Louise Vermllya. accused of having
murdered several persons by means
of arsenic She Is fast establishing
a reputation as posseasor of a hyp
notic eye. Veniremen, meeting hei
glance, falter under examination &nd
reply that thy could not vote for the
' Seath sentence.
The reins may guide the horse, the
bit may inspire him by its careful ma
nipulation and the whip may urge him
forward to greater ambition, but the
bnman voice is far more potent than
all these agencies. Its assuring tones
will more quickly dispel his fright, its
sharp, clear, electric commands will
more thoroughly aronso his ambition
and its gentle, kindly praisos will more
completely encourage the intelligent
road horse than the united force of the
bit and reins and the lash. No animal
in domestic use more readily responds
to the power of kindness than the road
Rain or snow in the territory from
southern California, the southern
plateau states and Texas northeast
ward to the lower Missouri valley has
resulted from the southwestern low
which ias extended eastward to the
west gulf districts, although its center
remains over Arizona. Another exten
sive low overlies southern Canada and
the northern border of the United
States, and decidedly higher tempera
tures are reported from the north At
lantic coast. The eastward movement
of the low that was yesterday over the
upper lakes has been attended by pre-
Today's Market Quotations
I'K '--ft'7 h Vtli
"What Is the matter with Jones? He
nsed to be a modest sort of fellow, but
lately be seems almost bursting with
"Haven't you heard? Mrs. Jones la
suing another woman for alienating
his affections and puts the damages
at $30,000." Judge.
Of all the parts of a law, the most
effectual is the vindicatory, for it is
but lost labor to say, "Do this or avoid
that." unless we also declare, "This
shall be the consequence of your non
compliance." The main strength and
force of a law consist in the penalty
annexed to it Rlackstone.
by Review of Reviews company.
GENERAL JOHN rOTE. TJ. S. A.. COMMANDER ON TOE TPPER MIS
SISSIPPI. AND GENERAL LEONIDAS POLK. C. S. A.. COMMANDER
nnder Lieutenant Colonel T. S. Bell,
was ordered to relieve the Fifty-first
New York, which had suffered severe
ly, to pass in front of it, deliver one
volley and then charge the enemy's
works. This order waa gallantly ex
ecuted. At the same time tbe other
wtng of the Fifty-first Pennsylvania
and tbe Ninth New Jersey charged the
lntrencbments and the enemy fled
from their entire left leaving fifty prisoners.-
Lieutenant Colonel Clark, after cap
turing the brick kiln, moved along the
Inside of the works toward tbe right
and came npon a light battery which be
captured, but was driven back by the
Seventh North Carolina, which charged
outside of the works in a most gallant
manner. Tbe defense against Reno
was both skillful and brave In the
main. Next to tbe railroad the breast
work was occupied by militia which
soon abandoned the port. On their left
the Seventh and Thirty-fifth North
Carolina battled against odds all the
forenoon. Beyond the railroad Colonel
Zeb Vsnce's Twenty-sixth North Caro
lina poured a galling fire into Reno's
General Foster's Decisive Charge.
General Parke's brigade, consisting
f the Fourth and Fifth Rhode Island
and the Eighth and Eleventh Connectt-
type. The guns of the boats and forts
commanded the level ground in front
of the town, and General Pope was
compelled to bring np long range siege
guns before attacking. Tbey arrived
March 12 and on the 13th opened fire,
which tbey kept up until the Confed
erate gunboats were disabled and sev
era I guns in the works dismounted. It
was uselens for the Confederates to
bold out against such armament, and
Other Events of the Week.
"Stonewall" Jackson's forces evacu
ated Winchester, Va on the 12th, a
move which led to sensational results
In the Shenandoah valley in the weeks
following. It was apparently a retreat
for Jackson, but nevertheless he "came
back"' later, as history records. On
the ith five divisions of the Fed
eral army of the Tennessee reached
Savannah, on the Tennessee river, pre
paratory to a projected campaign
asainst Corinth. Miss. General U. S.
Grant arrived at Savannah on the 17th
and took command of tbe troops there.
He bad been relieved nnder a cloud
three weeks before and was now re
stored to power to conduct tbe cam
paign against Corinth, where a Confed
erate army was gathering nnder Gen
eral Albert Sidney Johnston, Grant's
. future opponent at Shiloh.
No More Hawking and Snuffling
AVbcn You Hreathe Hyomei.
Hyomel (pronounce it hlgh-o-me)
is guaranteed to end the misery of
Breathe it, destroy the catarrh
germs, and soon hawking and snuf
fling will cease.
Breathe It and crusts will no long
er form in the nose; mncus will not
lodge in the throat; all inflammation
will leave the membrane of the nose
r.nd throat and your head will feel
clear and fine.
Breathe it for coughs, colds and
sore throat; its soothing, healing, an
tlfceptlc action is beter than all the
stomach dosing remedies in creation
and there isn't a particle of opium
cocaine or other habit forming drug
Complete outfit, which includes ln
haler, II. Extra bottles of Hyomel
10 cents at the Harper House phar
macy and druggists everywhere.
cipltation in the eastern portion of the
lake region and New England. Mod
erately high pressures prevail on the
south Atlantic and north Pacific coasts.
On account of the approach of the
southwestern low, unsettled weather,
with probably rain tonight or Thurs
day, is indicated for this vicinity. It
will be slightly warmer tonight.
High. Low. Prep.
Atlantic City 44 4f .00
Boston 35 32 .00
Buffalo 36 28 .04
Rock. Island 41 32 .00
Denver 40 23 .00
Jacksonville 70 54 .26
Kansas City 46. 32 .26
New Orleans 70 52 .00 .
New York 40 38 .00
Norfolk 60 48 .00-
Phoenix 68 50 .00
St, Louis 54 34 .02
St Paul ,....38 30 .00
San Diego 58 46 .02
San Francisco ......56 50 .00
Seattle 58 42 .00
Washington, D. C....60 40 .00
Winnipeg 38 30 .00
Yellowstone Park ... 16 .00
J. M. SHERIER, Local Forecaster. .
OF CAPTURING OUTLAWS
Hills ville. Va-. March 27. Sharp
thoot'.ng detective axe maxing a su
rrcm effort to capture Sidna Allen,
Fr.el Allen, and Wesley Edwards, In
l:C led for the murder of three officials
In the Carroll county courthouse. De
tective Thomas I Felta is confident
that the outlaws will be caught within
tbe next 43 hours. While the detec
tives delved into the thicket the re
habilitated court of Carroll county re
sumed its sitting ia the tame room
where bullet holes dot the walla and
blotches stain the floor reminders of
the tragedy of March 14. The court
moved with precision. On the bench
was Acting Judge Walter Staples. Be
side him were two other new officials,
SheriJT George M. Edwards, and Prose
cutingAttqrney Floyd Landreth.
Civil proceedings begun by families i
the bangle ear drop. We
have the most exquisite
line of ear drops in this
vicinity, long ones and
short ones, set with coral,
amethyst, sapphires, plain
stones, jet, turquoise. We
also have the "Gaby"
combination bar pin and
ear drops. Ask to see
them. Moderate in price.
(By wire from E. W. Warner & Co..
Grain, Provisions. Stocks and Cotton.
Local offices at Rick Island house. Koca
Island, 111. Chicago office, 88-99-100,
Board of Trade. i.ocal telephones, No.
BOARD OF TRADE TRANSACTIONS.
May, 103. 104, 103, 103.
July. 98, 99, 98. 9878.
September, 96, 96, 9C, 96.
May, 72, 73. 72, 73.
July, 73. 73, 73, 73.
September. 73, 73'4. 72. 73.
May, 5414, 54, 53. 54.
July, 50, 50, 50, 50.
September, 42, 43, 42, 43.
May, 16.87, 17.12, 16.85, 17.00.
July, 17.25, 17.45, 17.17, 17.35.
May, 9.82, 9.95, 9.80, 9.85. , .
July. 9.97, 10.12, 9.97, 10.02.
May, 9.55, 9.67, 9.5S, 9.57.
July, 9.75, 9.90, 9.75, 9.82.
THE GRAIN MARKET.
Chicago Cash Grain.
Corn No. 3 C969. No. 3 w 70,
No. 3 y 69'470. No. 4 6768, No.
4 w 6869'4. No. 4 y 6769, sgm
6566, 8gy C667.
Oats No. 2 w 5455. No. 3 w
5354, No. 4 w 5254, standard
Wheat No. 2 r 103 3 101. No. 3
r 102103. No. 2 hw 10310C,
No. 3 hw 102105, No. 1 ns 112114,
No. 2 ns 110112. No. 3 ns 108112,
No. 2 8 104110. No. 3 8 104110.-No.
4 s 90108, vc 90108, durum 90
Wheat opened up; closed to
Corn opened unchanged to up;
closed up to down.
day. Week. Year.
Minneapolis 143 149 150
Duluth 11 14 14
Winnipeg 218 319 150
Chicago Estimates Tomorrow.
Wheat today 300.000 340,000
Year ago 300.000 164.000
Corn today 680,000 495,000
Year ago 648,000 5G1.000
Sheep steady; natives 4.006.00;
lambs, natives 5.757.75.
Close of Market.
Hogs elow. Light 7.457.77. bulk
7.657.80, mixed 7.457.82, heavy
7.457.85, rough 7.457.60.
Cattle steady; top 8.65.
Sheep steady; top 6.35.
Lambs steady; top 8.00. s
Western Live Stock.
Hogs. Cattle Sheep.
Kansas City 15,000 5,000 13.000
Omaha 14,000 4,200 9,200
Estimated Chicago Tomorrow.
Hogs. Cattle Sheep.
Chicago '....24,000 6,000 16,000
NEW YORK STOCKS,
New York, March 27. Following are
the quotations on the market today:
Union Pacific 170'i
U. S. Steel preferred 112'
U. S. Steel common 67
Rock Island preferred 53
Rock Island common- 27
Southern Pacific 112
New York Central 112
Missouri Pacific 46
Great Northern 133
Northern Pacific 122
Louisville & Nashville 157
Colorado Fuel & Iron 30
Canadian Pacific 234
Illinois Central 131
Chesapeake & Ohio 77
Brooklyn Rapid Transit 83
Baltimore & Ohio 106
St, Paul .109
Lehigh Valley .....163
Republic Steel common ,. 22
LOCAL MARKET CONDITIONS.
March 27. Following are the quota
tions on the local market today :
Butter Dairy, 35c; creamery. 45c.
Feed and Fuel.
Clover hay, $15.
Forage Timothy hay, $20 to 923.
Wheat, 80e. , v.
Wild nay, $14 to $17.
New corn, 65c to 68c
Coal Lump, per bushel, 15c; alack,
Fully nine out of every ten cases
of rheumatism is simply rheumatism
of the muscles, due to cold or damp
or chronic rheumatism, neither of
which require any internal treat
ment. All that is needed to afford
relief is the free application of Cham
berlain's Liniment. Give it a trlaL
You are certain to be pleased with
the quick relief which it affords. Sold
by all druggists.
All the news all the time The Argua.
If you have any
mules to sell, see.
If. you want to buy any
horses or mules call at the
Thornhill Sales Stables
318 TWENTY-SECOND ST.
THE LIVE STOCK MARKET.
Opening of Market.
Hogs 28.000; left over 5.693: gener
ally steady. Light 7.337.C7. mixed !
7.35 7.72, heavy 7.35 7.75, rough;
Cattle 1,700; steady.
Sheep 27,000; steady.
Nine O'clock Market.
Hogs Quality good: market gener
ally 10c higher. Light 7.457.77,
bulk 7.65g7.80. mixed 7.457.82.
pigs 5.25 7.25, heavy 7.45 7.85, good
Cattle slow; generally steady. Beeves
5.358.65, stockers 4.30 C.50, Texans
1 ;4.6''f?5.5, cows 2.50"56.75, westerns
)l5.206.90. calves 5.50Q8.25.
WE BUY OR SELL
COMMON OR PREFERED STOCK
We are prepared to quote close markets at all times.
Orders may be wired at our expense.
ZEILER, F AIRMAN & CO.
Com Exchange BIdg. Chicago, 111.