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THE ROCK ISL'ANDARGUS, THURSDAY, APRIL-18, 1912.
TITANIC DISASTER BREAKS UP ASTOR FAMILY JUST AS
COLONEL AND BRIDE WERE RETURNING FROM HONEYMOON
OUR NAVY'S FLAGS
CAPT. SMITH ONLY OFFICER OF LOST LINER TO CO DOWN
WITH SHIP; OTHERS SEEK SAFETY WHILE PASSENGERS DROWN-
Each Vessel Carries Nearly a Ton
I "" i i-ir-irrn r A
flK:- ;';'r ; C "0$ Kill " A " '
. J. J. A st or.
York. April IS. (Special I
1h no respecter (;f per- ;
and Colo .iohn Ja'-ob i
millions i. him noth-.
ing when the s" I'ilai.ic crashed j
Into an ice';) Sunday night. :
New his young wit?, not yet pat 20, '
must as:i alone the expected visit
from the stnrk which caused the As-(
torn to pet out for America on the 111- .
Madeline Force, then 19. was married
On every vessel of the United States
navy, from the monster battleship to
the tiniest tug. is stowed away nearly
a ton of flags, which go to make np
the number each vessel la required to
carry for use on different occasions.
About half of this vast pile of flags
consists of emblems of foreign nations.
The making of the flag equipment for
the navy costs more than $60,000 a
year. Each ship carries forty-three
foreign flags, which are thirteen feet
wide by twenty-five feet long.
As a ship's quota of flags is renewed
every three years it is no small under
taking to keep them replenished, and to
this end Uncle Sam keeps a large flag-
making establishment running at full
time the year around at the Brooklyn
navy yard. Employed there are some
hundred skilled needlewomen working,
cutting the different colored buntings
Into the required widths and sewing
them together. Making the United
States flag Is not a difficult Job. but
the making of some of the foreign em
blems Is quite a different matter, and
this Is what most of the work at the
flag establishment consists of.
Take, for example, the flag of San
Salvador. In the background there 13
a belching volcano pouring forth Its
lava and white smoke. On the sides
of the mountain Is the green foliage
and shrubery, while directly In the
foreground is a tranquil sea of sap
phire blue. Above the volcano Is a
rising sun set in a design of overflow
ing cornucopias and a diamond from
which the rays are scintillating in ev
ery direction. To the left and right of
the belching mountain are draped in
varied designs banners which bear a
similarity to the stars and stripes.
Around the whole concentration is a
wreath of cactus branches lovinsrly
obliged to give up his church on ac- j pr0hability at the "White Star offices j embracing the. volcano, while at the
count of adverse comment. j in New York Monday night, he wept, j top the date of the country's independ-
Socioty did not welcome the young ! Rumor has had it that Vincent recently i ence is inscribed. To make a flag of
At left. Mrs. Avtsr; upper rlQUt, Vincent Aitor: lower rlgnt. Col
to Color.el Astor last summer. So re
cently had thp colonel been divorced
a:id so sensational had been the cir
cumstances, that it was exceedingly
difficult to find a minister to perform
the ceremony. The pastor who finally
consented to act was subsequently
tors left for Europe, and there they ex
pected to return a few months hence,
the colonel having purchased a house
Vincent Astor, young son of the mil
lionaire, is unconsolable over his fath
er's death. When he learned of its
V : . J
Caotaln Smith (at right) and Officers of "Titanic."
pose. Until recent years these stars
were cut out by hand, which was a
long and tedious task, but now a day's
work of the machine will supply stars
for a week's work on flags. Harper's
FIRE IM THE HOLD.
bride with open arms. So chilly were ; became engaged to marry Ina Claire,
Newport a-.id New York that 'he As-.the lS-y ear-old actress.
Public Blamed By Nixon
New York, April IS. (Special.) because of the Titanic's hrl f and trag
LewjF Nixon, one of the foremost he career. A smaller ship would have
Atnfr.r-;m shipbuilders, when asked j fared as badly as. if not woise than,
what I' . i'ons. if any, mipht he drawn I the giant White Stnr liner, according
from the Titfinic disaster, said: "The l to Nixon. I; ;s -in re
cm- pria: ! shon is that men who go j the products of t hi
j this description costs the government
i $52.50. and when one of these flags is
I piaceu on eacu snip oi me uat.v every
three years it can be readily seen that
shipbuilding afloat. There was nothing j the insignificant little republic to the
radically different about her construe- j south of us is really costing the tac
tion. She was biceer and better able Payers of the country more than has
jto withstand the strongest gales than
ever been thought of.
I The flasr of Costa Rica, w th its scen-
most of the ships of the Atlantic." I lc tltT. of mn-ntflia and sea. is an-
..( a i-i sh'ps take risks."
lint any on" was to
: i::k ik of the greatest
:n .v r- i; was the trav
It . nm necessary
Not only does Nixon regard big ships
as more seaworthy than the smaller
ones, but he maintains that the lead
ing companies will continue to build
them, because of the greater econo
my in operation. There was practi
cally no limit to the size of the trans
atlantic liner, Nixon said, so far as
th" shipbuilder was concerned, and a
vessi 1 eight times as larpe as thc
Titanic would require enly four times
as much power. For that reason thf
"S-'upi'oslng th'1 company," he said. ' sinkahle sl'p."' he s-aid. "It never has companies would tend to build larger
ships un'il the limit of harbor capac
ity is reached, or some other meaiis of
hut keeping a'lmt. Hy that ! landing passengers arid cargo is de
a ship could lie imilt with ; vised.
Nixon found no reason to criticise
the owners of the Titanic because she
was equipped with only 20 lifeboats,
capaMe at the outside of holding 1,000
persens. or less than half of those on
heard. Lifeboats on a big liner are,
according to Nixon, a matter of senti
ment as much as anything else.
"The numbi r of lifeboats carried
by the Titanic undoubtedly complied
with the law," said he, "and if there is
to be any criticism, it should be criti
cism of the law, not the company.
As a matter of fact, lifeboats do not
solve the problem of safeguarding
iassent-ers in a wreck at sea. They
wi u!d not last long in rouh weather."
The new remedy for indigestion call- word for :t -try it yourself on an ab- Washington, D C April IS In dis-
rd IMge.tit." ha. been found a cer- ' solute gaurantce. get a rv.kun.? anJ .r,ff;r,fi lhe idEs of life in the sinking
tain quick relief and permanent rem! ' , ..... , . jlta,r omcers of the navy re-
down u ; he
'c: th'' !.!.ip to f-.liow the perilous
!!;' lierly ccr.rse. he argued, but the
inilillc (ienmml' d it.
"had. announced tint the Titanic would
cress by way of the southern route
to avoid iceljerf.s. I you suppose
mere than one-tenth of the passengers
would Lave hooked passaci-? Supjiose
you were going abroad. Would ou
take a ship sailing by the loiinr-r or
southern course when ynu could get
one that win: omt the shortir north-
uil'ler's art, ;
he maintained. t!iat the largest ship !
yet built s-.houM b.-.-.v pr.nc to the hot- !
ton n her i'S vnij-ir. As far as
ci nst i net .on v nt. h' s.ii.l. th Ti'anlc .
v.as probabiy hitler ah'e to withstand
the i hoi k of cilUinn than rny of
the smaller trar.saMaiiiic lineis.
"There is r.' s ich thing as th" 'un-
been built. An ui'.sinUable ship could
be huijt, but il would be good for noth- ,
enough douMe bottoTiis a'ld double .
f ides and water tipht i ompartnients '
to keep her n"oat even in such an '
accident as this, but she would not
he the kind f a boat you would ever
other extravagant emblem, costing
something like $50 to complete. So it
seems that the smaller the nation the
more costly its flog.
The largest flag made by the United
States is the Ensign No. 1. which meas
ures thirty -sis feet long and nineteen
feet wide. The cost of this monster
is $40 or thereabouts.
The president's Bag. while not the
largest by any means, takes longest to
Vessels at Sea Are Often Smoldering
Furnaces Below Decks.
Smoldering fires on board ship are
common enough and in many cases
are comparatively harmless. They arise
mostly from spontaneous combustion
caused by piling large quantities of
coal In close quarters.
It Is said on excellent authority that
there is not much danger from such a
Are, hardly any on an Iron or a steel
ship. The first protective measure In
such an event Is to exclude the air. so
that the fire can only smolder. Then
the bunker Is flooded with water, which
usually serves to extlnqulsh It
Even in wooden ships the danger
from smoldering fire is not half so
great as has been pictured by non
seagoing folk. This is illustrated by
the experience of the captain of the
Twin Brothers, engaged some years
ago in the wheat trade between San
Francisco and Liverpool. The vessel
was returning from Liverpool with a
thousand tons of coal In the hold as
ballast. Just after It rounded Cape
Horn It was discovered that the coal
was on fire.
There was a steam pump on board,
and after closing the lower hatches
the crew flooded the hold until the
ship had settled about four feet low
er in the water. Then the captain
CROSS SECTION OF TITANIC. QUEEN OF
OCEAN. NEARLY FOUR BLOCKS LONG
make, requiring the labor of oue per- stood pat and let her burn. No one
ern course? Of course not. It is 'think of crossing the ocean on. A
the traveling public that forces the ! company could not a fiord to rua siic-h
companii s to send their ships up where i a ship
the icebergs are thickest.'"
Nixon has not lost tuith in big liners
"The Titanic was a development, an j
evolution from the lust example of
NEW STOMACH RELIEF GETS
CO UNT R Y-WIDE EN D O RS EM ENT ;
pdy for stomach disorders, letters
from thousaudu who had suffered the
tortures of indict st ion and got relief
from the use of "Higesfit" are evi
dence of Its merit. The enormous In
crease in demand from every part of
the country in proof of its popularity.
j If you don't get relief you can uct
i cur money l ack for the asking. "IM-
geatit' is a litue tablet oav to swal
low, and absolutely harmless. It ili
Kests all the food, prevents fermenta
tion, stops pas formation, prevents
stomach distress after eating, aids as
similation, relieves it digestion almost
instantly and cures dyspepsia 5 'c.
But you do noi have to take anybody's i Ak at the Harper House Pharmacy.
Madam, II Yois Have
No Faith, We Have?
Do you have a cold lunch every washday because
your maid is in the laundry?
Do you have to listen for the door bell, so she can
spend the day over the tub?
Or, are you unable to keep a maid on account of
your washing being too large? Answer these ques
The Billion Bubbles
The maid will be through with the
cashing and have the clothes on the
3ne and still have time to prepare
vncheon. She'll be ready to answer
Jie door bell at all times because Wash
3lean does ail the work she needn't
Mil up her sleeves to help.
The Billion Bubbles will keep her
lappy relieve her of tub rubbing
ftcbing back and the tart disposition
'.hat sometimes comes with washday.
And your clothes will cot be torn
i&d rubbed to fbreds. The finest
angerte iace even drawn work can I clean free if you have no faith,
te washed with Washclean. 'absolutely guarantee it.
TODAY THE GROCER
WASH CLEAN MFG. CO., Doonvllle, Mo.
The Billion Bubbles won't hurt It
we guarantee that.
Make the trial you owe it to rout
comfort to your maid and to youi
Adopt this 2th century aid to scien
tific housekeeping. It leaves your
clothes softer whitfr and antisepti
cally clean. Germs can't endure the
action of the Billion Bubbles.
Just aek your grocer when you or-
1 cail an article published in The Navy,
'a service magazine, by ('apt. E. K.
Ri den. a well known Swedish naviga
tor, who contended that the present
;day tendency in f hipbuilding was to
sacrifice safety for luxury.
Rodeo, mentioned the Titanic by
name, and, with foresight that now
seems almost prophetic, protrayed
some of the dangers into which
modern tendency of shipbuilding for
luxury is leading. He pointed out
that the new steamships would be the
hni st vessels afloat, no expense hav
ing been spared to attain every con-
ceivahle comfort that a man or woman
; of means can possibly ask for state
! rooms with private shower baths, a
swimming pool large enough to per
' irit of diving, a ballroom, comprising
! an entire upper deck, a gymnasium, a
cafe so arranged as to render the lllu
' sion of a cafe at a seaside resort as
! realistic as possible, a sun deck rep
resenting a flower garden, and other
luxuries and novelties,
i "The reading of these reports," says
j Itoden. '"is fascinating to the averaga
' mau. who takes it for granted that,
s!de by side with the luxurious com
forts are combined the elements that
make up the factor of safety that a
well equipped passenger ship should
possess. As a general rule the trav
eling public pays slight attention to
the measures taken for its safety. It
prefers to assume that the steamship
'.company has done everything to in
sure the safety of passengers In case
; of shipwreck, and that all regulations
! stipulated by law to safeguard life
; have been complied with."
sou for a month to complete it. It Is
of simple design, being a blue field
with the coat of arms of the Cnited
States in the center. The life sized
eagle with outstretched wings and
other emblems are all hnr.d embroid
ered and involve the most patient
work. The embroidery silk used on
this flag, which is fourteen by ten feet
costs $!) a pound.
Uncle Sam's flag emporium is in
charge of his fl.igmaster. whose busi
ness, among other things, is to test all
the bunting bought by the establish
ment. One day n sample lot of bunt
ing is soaked and washed inf soap nnd
fresh water, the next day the same
process is followed with salt water. It
is then exposed to the weather for ten
dcys. thirty hours of which time must
be in the sunlight. This is termed the
color and fading test. Another test is
always made for the tensile strength.
A strip of the warp two inches wide
Is placed In u machine and must stand
a pulling strain of sixty-five pounds,
while two inches or the tilling must
stand a forty-five pound strain.
All over the floor of the workshop
are arranged elm II; Hues and metal
markers by the aid of which the flags
are cut out. Large strife mid cer
tain designs can be more conveniently
etitched this way. The sewing is done
bv women on machines run by elec
tee I trie mntoi-K
I It Is an interesting sight to see the
I big machine at work cutting out stars
I for the United States flags. It is the
only machine of Its kind in this conn-
try. It consists of a plunger fitted
with steel knives the size of the star
wanted, and with a single downward
stroke it lays on a table 100 stars
There are eight different sizes of stars
used for the different flags, and of
course the machine is provided with
tbe eight different dies for the pur-
was frightened, and every one was con
fideut that the ship would be safely
brought Into port. Call was made at
Valparaiso for fresh water and pro
visions, but not a man deserted.
The vessel was seventy-two days la
reaching San Francisco from the Horn,
and all that time the coal burned, and
little streams of smoke could be seen
coming through tbe cracks i;i the deck.
Arriving at San Francisco, the Twin
Brothers sailed out on the mud flats
and was flooded until she settled al
most even with her upper deck. This
extinguished the fire.
The appearance of the vessel after
all this was pretty fair evidence what
a ship may sustain In the way of a
fire. In a dozen places the bottom had
burned through, and all that was be-i
tween the crew and the deep sea was
the thin sheet of copper bottom. The
REST CLASS LlBCAey fekfl SlU 'J
SurJ 3d CLASS PUBLIC p ,?ijt T1 i ff Vw t I JTiiwj'yJ
Z.aA CLASS PiAJfkfS lpS$2y
1st. Zhyj, afd 5ni f "- V?ri7rrl I
VSS tXAJfMG ffOwlCSwlP5
Rcovt aiW C3YWI. tfgSiLS "s?S
SwvrMiM3i Pool. fy-- IrffiTil 'Lllll'illriPl
weight of the coal and the pressure of
the water kept about equal strain on
both sides of the copper sheeting, and
it had not broken, although it was lit
tle thicker than an ordinary tin pan.
There wa3 one place where this cop
per was exposed about the bigness of
the top of a barrel. New York Tribune.
Luring the Beaver.
Beavers when they have been undis
turbed for long are very curious in re
lation to strange sounds. They will
come swimming out of their house
even at the firing of a gun. The In
dians usually call them with a hissing
noise or one produced by munching the
lips. Another favorite tole is a sound
made by tapping the trousers with the
nanri. The most successful beaver call
er in Newfoundland killed great num
bers of beavers In the open season by
making a sound that resembled the
cutting of chips off a tree. It Is said
that the unfortunate beavers never fail
to respond to this noise.
Your tongue ts coated.
Your breath is foul.
Headaches come and go.
These symptoms show that youi
s'omach is the trouble. To remove
the cause is the first thing, and Cham
berlain's Stomach and Liver Tablets
will do that. Kasy to take and moat
effective. Sold by ail druggists.
The new breakfast food
Rheumatism Relieved In a Few Hours.
N. B. Langley, Madison, Wis., says:
"I was almost helpless with rheuma
tism for about five months. Had it in
my neck so could not turn my head
der. Remember, we'll furnish Wash- j "nd ttrou6h a' bodr- 1 tried thrc.
doctors and many remedies without
' any relief whatever until I procured
Dr. Detchon's Relief for Rheumatism.
I In a few hours the pain was relieved
i mi in three days the rheumatism was
j completely cured and I was at work."
: Sold by Otto Grotjan. 1501 Second ave
; cue. Rock Ulacd; Gut Schlegel & Son.
j 220 W est Seccni street, Daiecpon.
HITCHCOCK TO QUIT
TAFT FOR BUSINESS
s& C -u
- it- I
iff h 1
V t 3
Poitmarter General .--rank Hitchcock
Postmaster General Frank H
Hitchcock is to resign from Presl
ctnt Taft's cabinet and enter in
J i.smess tn New York at a ialary of
SL",.';00 per par. ."u what his oc
cjpatlcn U to be is not known.
first served exclusively at
the Post Tavern in Battle
Creek, a hotel noted for its
excellent table, is now sup
plied for home use.
This food combines the delicate field flavors of wheat, com and
rice, and is easily cooked and served hot as a porridge.
Have some Post Tavern Special, for tomorrow's breakfast and you 11
probably have it again, and again
The Try Tells Why
Made hy Postum Cereal Co., Ltd, Pure Food Factories, Bade Creek, f.tch.