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THE ROCK ISLAXB-ARGUS FRIDAY. JUNE 28, 1912.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Battle Between Federal Gunboats and Confederate
Land Batteries at St. Charles, Ark. Fearful De
struction by a Confederate Shell Crew of the Fed
eral Ironclad Mound City Nearly Annihilated by a
Well Aimed Shot Federal Troops on Land Storm
and Carry the Confederate Works First Attempt of
the Federals to Capture Chattanooga The Town
Bombarded Confederates Evacuate Cumberland
Gap, One of the Passes to East Tennessee.
r Captain UORCt L. KILMfcH. lata
V. . V.
AFTER the defeat of Montsom
A ery'a Confederate flotilla at
Memphis od the CtU of June.
1K&!, by the combined navai
forces of Flaj Officer Davis anl Colo
Bel Ellet the Federal squadron an
chored at Memphis. Immediately
teamed ahead aaU toh.-;d shell and
grape Into the wood and bushes along
Fry's run a kept silent until the
Mound City came abreast of his lower
battery, the oaval rifles from the Mau
repas. A. broadside from these guns
drew the fire of all the fleet upon the
batteries, and at the same time Wil-
after the battle liavis had formed the : i;ams. sharpshooters were hunted out
project of n.J in? ships up the ArUan- j 0f their lair by the shell and small shot
a 't4 and While r.ver to cut OT the
Confederate irunbonts. wuleb were
si:iofced to have taken refuge there,
anion? them the Van Dorn. the only
vessel of Montgomery's flotilla which
escaped destruction or capture oa
June C. There were two Confederate
gunb'ints In White river, the Mnure
Ihs and the l'oiitchartrain. which had
previously ben in the Confederate flo
tilla at Island No. ltt. the former under
Lieutenant Joseph Fry and tho latter
ur.rler John TV. runri'r:;rton.
Ua June It) D;uis received a telegram
from Wi'shinjrton unduK h!;n to open
communications with a Federal col
umn usder Jeneral S. R. Curtis, then
moving eastward through Arkansas for
the iiUsiasippl shore. Davis accord-
from the jrunboats and the bullets of
Fitch's skirmishers. Under cover of
the gunboat Are Fitch pushed his men
up to the rear of the lower battery and,
after looking the ground over, signaled
to Kilty that he would storm the place.
Kilty quickly responded that the navy
would take the contract alone.
Captain Kilty brought the Mound
City to directly In front of Fry's four
gun battery and pounded It with shot
for an hour. Meanwhile Dunnlngton
trained his guns upou the Mound City.
At that Kilty signaled the St Louis
and her wooden consorts to steam up
close and engage the lower battery,
while the Mound City took care of the
upper one. Dunnington's guns proved
to be considerable distances apart.
scalding steam. In the water twenty
five wounded sailors were picked op
and also the bodies of forty-two who
i had Jumped from the ship. Some of
these last were struck by the bullets :
of the Confederate sharpshooters. j
In spite of the disaster Captain Kil-j
ty's boldness won the day. The gal-;
lact attack by bis ships upon the bat- i
j teries took the enemy by surprise, and j
they let slip the opportunity given i
by Dunnington's clever shot. Colonel '
Fitch's Indianlans carried the entire!
bin I within an hour, but Nelson's Tex-!
ans were already within sound of the ',
firing, and an hour's delay might have '
defeated the Federals and ended In the i
loss of ail their ships. !
The expedition continued up White j
river unopposed until falling water put
an end to progress. Meanwhile Gen- j
eral Curtis marched through to Helena. ;
on the Mississippi, without getting in
touch with the gunboat expedition.
Other Events of the Week.
On the 21st skirmishes took place on j
the Federal outposts In the vicinity of !
Battle Creek, near Chattanooga. Tenn. I
General O. M. Mitchel was in com
mand there. Immediately after the
battle of Sblloh. In April. Mitchel had
marched a division of General D. C.
TJuell's army from middle Tennessee to
Huntsvllle. Ala. In this region he held
out for weeks, carrying on a vigorous j
campaign against Chattanooga, an in- j
cldent of which was the Andrews rail- !
road raid, which, resulted In the execu-1
tioa of several Ohio soldiers as spies. .
Finally, on June 7, General J. S. j
Negley, whose Federal brigade bad ad
vanced to the north bank of the Ten
nessee river, bombarded Chattanooga
across the river. There were 3.000 Con
federates in and around the town, and
the Confederate commander of the de
partment. General Kirby Smith, was
on the ground, having arrived from
Knoxville that day. General Negley
reached the conclusion that he could
take Chattanooga, but could not bold
It because he had no bridges, boats ot
Complete House Furnishings
1816 Third Avenue, Rock Island
. f -.. X
? .;: -..
t'upyrlKlit by ttia Krvlaw of Reviews company.
THE FEDERAL IRONCLAD MOUND CITY, TARGET OF A RECORD BREAKING CONFEDERATE
SHOT AT ST. CHARLES, ARK.
Commencing Saturday, June 29 r'
J'"J-"-iiiff'fiJilailT -' w'MMJrlrTrMM'fTarffl8anWafnfflWMTaTBl MMraWlHIalW t lllffal llafflaWTiTaaWaMflWWnTIWIIinr1'"''1
We Offer the Unheard of Low Prices on
Furniture, Rugs and Curtains
9x12 tapestry Brussels, extra heavy
woven in orientals and floral vjj OK
designs, special low price . .
9x12 Axminster rugs, extra heavy in
floral or ornamental (POO Kfl
Seamless Wilton Velvet rugs, woven of
pure wool yarns, extra heavy,
beautiful designs, 9x12 . . .
Great Bargains in Lace
Pullman revolving seat bed daven
port, best made, beautiful and com
fortable, for this sale at 007 Kfl
the special low price . . . v'
Examine These Goods at our Store and You
Will Appreciate our Prices
Terms of Credit Can Be Arranged if Necessary
Hi iill routine
White rtv r. As -endlus that stream.
Hit- V.n t iirrlrfii on t tie pvenin of the
J:.!li In the uriKl)lurliiio.l of St. Cuurli.
liitx'ty inii" from the mouth.
;'!iit;iI T. C. IJInilmjn roiouiniidt
wdut remcltird of the ( -onfedorHte
Jun es In ArUatisas arid, nurmisluc that
tire warships mftht t::k- the notion to
lnpvt the Interior of his Uiiilwick had
criliTed t!:c troops :md vi-nscls In White
rl-r t) iii:il,c ii htiind at the Llufl'a be
low tit. Cl.;irlcs.
Naval Guns on Land.
The eipvditiou for tie deft-use of tbe
MiifT t-onsistiil of tlx' Knnlxtats ront
'liurtr:iln mi l j:.iur-iu'. with l'O n.-n
on the rouinl ii ml Colonel Allison Nel
eou's Tfxiis ri'Kiint'tit on tbe way from
the Lone Star Strife t re-enforce Illud
ln:in where ttn-y coti'd do tbe most
fHl. Thirty-flre rtlles ere all the
v':iiw.ns That muM te grraped up for
the ln) uicti. The unarmed men vt-re
ft to work to olistni' t the bnnnel.
Captain Joseph fry of the Maurepas
-as tbe Inspiring Renins of tbe de
fence, lie bud served In the old Unit
ed Strifes nary. Lieutenant J. W. Dun
rlnston win rort'nuirider of the 1'otit
ch:irtraln. and Cnpt-iln A. C. Williams
bundled the land troops. Two thirty
two pounder rifles from the Pontcbar
train were placed in battery on tbe
bluffs to be worked by the crew of the
TP-wet. Pown stream from Dunlilns
ton's battery Try plared four puns
from his own ship, and still farther
down Williams stationed the thirty Ove
riflemen as sharpshooters.
- Just above tbe butteries the Confed
erates began a row of piles, hoping to
brine the attacking vessels to a stand
nnder the Runs of tho batteries. The
nddi-n appearance of the Federal fleet
put an end to the work, but Fry ser.t
tled and sank the Maurepas, with two
transports, between tbe piles aud the
bank on either side. Fry pot news
of a formidable expedition comlDR np
the river, but every hour brought Nel
on'a Texan's nearer, and Le decided to
wait and fight
Gunboats Beia to Shoot.
Purine the nht of June Id tbe Fed
eral ships anrbored Just below tbe bat
teries. The fleet consisted of the Iron,
clads Mount City and St. Louis and
the wooden punbats Cooestnpn and
Xjler. Colonel CI. N. Pitch, whose reir
liueut, the Forty-s'xtb Udlana. was
on board. Commaud.-d the expedition.
nd A. II. Kilty of the Mound City
was chief of tbe C.-tola. Karly on the
mornln of the 17th Colonel Fitch
lauded bis men l!ow t!:e bluffs and
(.larvhi-d aloi:j: the heuj: to en?:i;e
Willlnms' b:lrps:.oers. At the sum
timo the fle t. led by tt, Mound City,
that tbe expedition contain Kitty rmssed the first under n
its derations tO the cruwl henrlvntT trll limit ittanr-tnn' ft and
bis ship was soon between tbe Pre of
two heavy (runs lu point blank rsiDge.
A Eecord Lrtakin Shot.
For an hour and a half the ships
fought tho butteries. Fitch's men at
tbe same time crowded the riflemen
back upon the bluffs. Fry took alarm
at tbe unexpected boldness of Fitch's
men and sent word to Duuninjjfon.
urplng lit ni to send to the rear of the
bluffs every man that could be spared
from tbe runs. It was the crisis of
the fliiht, and Nelson's Texans were
not yet on band. Dunnluton stayed
by the pun farthest up stream. Hav
Inii an unobstructed ranpe of the dar
ing ironclad, he took careful aim and
landed a shell near her bow that for
destructlveuess stands unrivaled in the
history of gunnery during tbe war.
The missile crashed through the plat
ing of the Mound City on the port side,
killed eight men at the gun nearest
Its track and then passed through the
steam drum fore and oft. Volumes of
scalding Kteom poured through the gun
chambers, and In an Instant tbe proud
tronelnd lcame a ship of r.rgulsh and
death. The slowly turning wheel kept
on revolving until the bow of the ves
sel was close Inshore near the Confed
erate guns. Dnnnington saw that his
shot had torn through the vitals of bis
antagonist and ceased tiring.
Fitch anxiously watched ths progress
of the gunboat fight from his position
on tbe bluff. Seeing the Mound City
moving blindly inshore and sailors
Jumping headlong through the ports
and from the decks Into the water,
with clouds of steam belching from the
hatches, he concluded, that Kilty and
the ironclad were out of the fight.
First signaling the St Louis, Conesto
gri and Tyler to cense firing, be rushed
LU men upon the batteries.
Fierce Straggle on Shore.
Williams' Confederate riflemen were
seen to be firing upon tbe struggling
sailors in tbe water, and Fitch told his
best marksmen to pay stfentlon to
them while the main body dashed for
the gnus of the four gna battery Dun
nington's. Fry, rallying what men be
co-ild call around him, made a final
stand behind Dunnington's goes, but
was soon shot down and captured.
When ordered to stop firing by FItxh
tbe commander of tbe St Louis steam
ed up and fcoo'.ed on to the Msuu'I
City. She had been deserted by all her
ablebodled men. Kilty was severely
scalded and lost an arm shot away.
His crew of 173 was reduced to twenty-three
fit for duty. In the casemate
where the shot took effect eighty-three
were killed by the enemy's tire or by
bread or used in cooking they form a ' snaaenly recalled the fact that Miss
very nutritious addition' to the diet . Keller was blind, and he told me that
Two and one-half quarts of ckinunilk it almost broke him up wben he
supplies for the hazardous campaign. or buttermilk contain about the same j thought of the faux pas he had made.
Negley retired luto east Tennessee arnount of protein as one pound of .
and Mitchel remained at Battle Creek.
twenty miles away, doubtful, as hf re
ported, whether he could even hold on
there in the face of Confederates press
ing him on the front. C.enernl Smith
was equally cautious. He feared Mitch,
el as much as Mitchel feared him.
However, he decided to hold Chatta-
round steak and cost about one-quarter
as much. Two quarts of milk hare
a greater nutrient value than one quart
of oysters. The nutriment in the form
of oysters would cost 3 to CO cents,
while the skimmilk or buttermilk would
have a value on the farm of from 'i to
A QUEER PRESENT.
by the Review of Reviews company.
GENERAL. C. lu STKVBNSOV, C. S. A., COM
MANDER OF TBI I)ErF-SBia8 AT CUMBRU
X.AKD GAP, TENN.
nooga. That step cost the Federals o
year of campaigning for the possession
of this great key to northern Georgia.
The Struggle For East Tennessee.
At this time fifty years ago the Con
federates were established at Knox
ville and controlled east Tennessee.
That region was rich In food sup
piles and also in stalwart young men,
"good food for powder." There were
many inhabitants who adhered to the
Federal cause, and for that reason the
north wished to get possession. Moun
tain locked, the oLly available pass
for the Federals to enter was Cum
berland Gap, near the Kentucky bor
der, north of Knoxville.
From the beginning the Confederates
bad held Cumberland Gap. It was
well fortified and. at the time General
mith was anxiously looking to tbe
defense of east Tennessee, seemed im
pregnable If manned by a small force.
There were four Confederate brigades
there under General C. L. Stevenson.
Nevertheless General Emlth ordered
the gap evacuated, so that more troops
could be sent to Chattanooga. Steven
son marched oat of the works on June
t7, and on June 18 General G. W. Mor
gan marched in at the bead of fonr
Federal brigades, who had tolled over
the mountains expecting to gbt for
tho possession of the stronghold
The Momento Henry Irving Once Pre
sented to Helan Keller.
In J. Henry Harper's book. "The
nouse of narper," he tells a story of
Helen Keller and nenry Irviug. They
n;et at Laurence Hutton's bouse, and
the blind girl seemed to be so conver
sant with "Hamlet" that Irving Inviteu
her to "witness" his performance, and
she readily accepted. "After the sec
ond act Irving sent word to her that he
should like to have her come on tbe
etnge if she was so inclined, and when
she arrived he showed her around and
explained the stage setting. She ran
her hands gently over his costume and
seemed to be much pleased with his
"As she was leaving to return to her
box Irving thought that he ought to
. give her some little memento of tbe
)ccaslon. lie realized that in his cos
tume as Hamlet there was nothing he
could readily spare, but as it was his
custom to put on his eyeglasses as
soon as the curtain went down he took !
them off and banded tbem to her.
"In the middle of tbe next act be
Making Cheese In Olden Days.
Cheese was made by the old time
farmers in the summer on the co-operative
plan by which four cattle own
ers, owning, say, fourteen milk cows,
received all the milk night and morn
ing, according to the dully yield of
their little herd. Thus given two fam
ilies having five cows each, one with
three and one with one. supposing that
the average yield per cow was the
same, in two weeks two owners would
make five cheeses each; oue wouM
press three and one only one cheese,
but this one would be as good and as
large as any of the rest National Mag
A Lever of Tea.
De Quincey was a notable tea toper.
In his picture of a winter evening in
bis cottage among the Cumberland
bills be mentions the tea equipage on a
table beside tbe fire and behind the
table a fair tea maker, whose duty It
waa to fill an utmost endless proces
sion of cups. Dp Quincey declares that
he drank tea from 3 o'clock at night
to 4 In tbe morning and claims tbe in
fusion as "the favorite beverage of the
Travelers in I'eru and countries
where coca grows chew the leaves of
this plant for the purpose of allaying
tbe sense of hunger and the feeling of
exhaustion that accompanies It At
first tbe leaves were thought to possess
food elements, but now it is known
that the cocuiuo tbey contain merely
allays the irritability of the serves
that produce the sense of hunger. Co
caine Is an alkaloid made from the
coca leaf, which bus the effect of com
pletely destroying the sensibility of
nerves. Th? discovery of this active
principle of the coca leaf explained
fully und satisfactorily tho effect pro
duced by chewing the leaves.
HOW GRACE BENSON
BECAME FAMOUS FOR
THE BEAUTY QF HER
HANDS AND ARMS
Free Prescription That Can Be Pre
pared at Home Without Expense.
A quick change in the weather made several big manufac
turers anxious to clear out ther surplus stocks. I got right
in on the ground floor and here are the 6hocs at prices almost
half what you would pay in the hig rent, flashy front shoe
Grare r.cnv'n. famous for the marvel
ous t-;iut" of hr hands and arms. In a !
recent interview, -says: "If I could tell i
ev;ry woman about the prescription I
that has caud all this tlk about my
hands and arm.", they could every one i
o! them mak their l.andd arid arms Ju?t '
a t.i'itutir nl a mine. J am glad to !
I.ave the jp"rt'nity to j?tve mv recipe i
free to the wond. It will hel'n everv i
woman to improve litr personal appear- I
FOR MEN Shoes and oxfords in all leathers and styles, in
cluding the new English models in black and tan. Rubber
eoled oxfords in tan lace, sandals in tan lace, all at $2.50
(Specials at 50c More.)
FOR WOMEN White Nubuck and canvas footwear, the pre
vailing stylish shoes and oxfords. Nubuck boots, lace and but
ton, also canvas button boots. White, black and tan oxfords,
a display well worth seeing here only $2.50
Pumps, with or without straps, all sizes $2.50
Satin slippers, see cut, black, white and colors . . $2.50
(Specials at 50c More.)
It Is Rich In Protein, the Most Costly
of Food lrird:nt.
An ordinary glass .f buttermilk con
talus about as mucb nutriment as two
ounces of bread, a kmI six-.! potato or
g baif liut of oysters,, tiji a bulletin
of the United States department of be-
ricnltore. It tbns contains snout me
same food constituents as sklmnult.
tut it has an added hygienic ratue be
cause the protein is more easily di
tested than tbe protein in sUimrnDt
and therefore Is often prescribed
spedany those suffering from Intes
Protein, being the most costly of food
Ingredients, is tbe one tnost likely to
be lacking in inexpensive meals, and
this is the nutrient which both kim-
mlllc end buttermilk supply in a cheap
; I'hydlclaas for children apd invalids, . and useful form, and when taken iui tair."
M'hen I akid her If h would allow
me to iiuhCsn the preneriDlion. he
;q.!-k!y answered: "Certainly, only too
; :ad to have you do it." Turning to a
I wesK. she wrote It on a lip of paper I
arnl nanled it to me. Here it Is: "Go
to any druer More, pet a two-ounce hot- j
tie. also a cne-our.e bottie of Kulux '
Cmpnjnd. Pour the entire bottie of!
Ku!jx Into the two-ounre bottle, add!
one-quarter of an ounce of wlth haz-1 j
U, n t.ii with water. Apply night and
Sue further cald: "Thia prescription
rr. ik-s the ekin transparent and re
n.tv ali defeat. uch a frerkle. tan.
iun po-. ro'jrhnefs and ruddsrens. A
:!ift!- appii'-atior. woricsi a rr.ervelous
trxnsf-irrnalion. Where low eo!i;ir re
wi-pn it ran he applied to the nk with
iruki'y a? rLrU:.in result It l ab
folufe'y 1 .irrn!- i-s 'ird w!U nHlveiy
in-t ;imuuiic or i-rixluce a growth of
FOR BOYS Big bargain Eale of these boys' oxfords, tan
or black lace and button, sizes 2 'z to 5 y2 at only $2.50
FOR OIRLS A four days' big sale, white buck boots,
sizes 82 to 12, our special price $2, now only . . $1.65
sizes 12 y2 to 2, our special price $2.25, now only $1.85
Top Floor First Nat'l
Bank Bldg., Davenport