Newspaper Page Text
THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 28, Tin
The War fifty Years Ago
The Confederates Advance With Vigor In the East and
In the West General Robert E. Lee Marches a Bit
Army Toward Washington General Braxton Bragg
Threatens Attack on Cincinnati Bold Cavalry Raids
By General John Morgan and General Fitzhugh Lee.
Lee Captures General John Pope's Headquarters and
the Federal Treasure Chest Morgan Routs a New
Federal Cavalry Brigade and Captures Its Leader.
Br Captain CEO. L. KILMER. Lata U. S. V.
kniS time fifty years ago tbe
Confederates were forcing the
military situation to the east
and In the went General Rob
ert E. Lee. with the Army of Northern
Virginia, was trying to aaTe Richmond
from Fedrul attack by marching
acatnxt the defenders of Washington.
Ill opponent was preparing to march :
0K Inst Richmond over the ground
traversed by Iee'a army. Collision was
In the west General Bragg's Confed
erate forces boldly Imitated Lee's ex-
i troops being then on tbe Him t the
' railroad running Booth from Nashville.
In addition he bad two divisions, each
6.000 strong, from Grant's Army of tbe
Tennessee General J. C. Dans' dlvl
sion. under General R. B. Mitchell, and
j General E. A. Palne's division tinder
I the command of General J. M. Palmer,
I marching to Join him.
j This concentration of the Federal ar
! my, of course, withdrew all the north
ern troops from tbe Cumberland moan-
tains, leaving Bragg unhampered la
the selection of bis route, either west
to Nashville or north to Louisville. He
rTFTiys ford wHeti ue recelveiT an or
der from Lee to proceed to Beverly
ford and mask the movements of Jack
son, who was to be sent up tbe river
to cross by a left flank movement.
On tbe 22d Jackson withdrew care
fully and went on the proposed move.
Be sneceeded In putting part of bts
command over tbe Rappahannock at
Warrentoa Springs ford and lu occu
pying a position there. The flooding
rains Interrupted bis operavlons, mak
ing the river past fordln? and crip
pling all attempts at forcing a pas
sage. Jackson therefore withdrew bis
force at night by a temporary bridpe.
As the lower fords became impassable
by reason of the floods the Federals
bad time to concentrate against Jack
With tbe opposing armies operating
f Bear each other chance collisions
General Fitzhugh Lee's Rich Prize.
During the night "of Aug. 22 Gen
eral Fitahugh Lee. leading one of
Stuart's cavalry brigades, made a
raid upon General Popes headquar
ters, near Catlett's Station, with or
ders to capture the Federal leader
himself. He surrounded his teut, but
upon going in found only tbe supper
table spread there and near it a quar
termaster and one or two minor staff
officers, whom he took by surprise.
Pope's eioak and hat were In the
tent, and the raiding chief was told
amine ami sutnea ior ine norcnern our- . a . .
dor. which was then tbe Kentucky line. ! made cb,c f ,te.la"er 'nd KP j t the general had taken them off
They marched from Chattanooga Aug.
IS. Unices route northward was
about parallel wltb that followed by
Federals under General Buell, who
were trying to bead off the invaders.
These route were forty to fifty miles
down tbe valley of the Cumberlaud
to Carthage, where he crossed, moving
through Scottsboro and Glasgow, to
strike the Louisville and Nashville rail
road. Bragg entered Kentucky with
five divisions, making an army of about
on account of tbe heat and bad walk'
ed down through tbe woods to visit
tbe headquarters of some other gen
eral, where they did not know. Be
ing pressed for time ana anxious to
retreat from a position that might
soon became a dilemma, Lee request
ed tbe quartermaster to open Pope's
military chest, which was fonud to
contain $3.0.000 in greenbacks, after
which, mounting tbe Federal officers
j VaMKWXXtUdJJJKLJr 1 Hill llf ff IPL1 LUUllUHjmP.ii l"-'"1 1 iMmvjmm.mnuiutmJ!mm m.u mmwmm.j. rjpri-r-Km m-nor 1 -i I I t.iy
I Piano Buyers turned out
I I 0S(fjA to the Big Store yesterday
llJT like Busy Bees ssm
Ed ' V
1 -rjt- .
Si ST ' - J-ia-T-r-a-.eiiy -i
part in Teiineee.
The plan of the Confederates in their ' John Morgan, Forced to Fight, Wins
Kentucky campaign, which was in- i RueU's movements north from Mur
ten.led to fr-e the soli of the south frwsboro were hampered by the alert
from tbe northern armies by carrying i-., ..n. f vrrr ni
, Morgan. The single Federal mounted . V "
. brtnde In the region, that commanded
by General R. IV. Jubnson. kept at
' Morgan's heels atid brought him to bat
I tie at ITartsvillt. Tenn.. on Aug. 21.
Johnson forced tbe fight, engnced
to go. He did not forget to take the
supper from the table, however, and
tbe uniform coat and plumed bat
from tbe chair.
On the 23d Longstreet bad quite a
Morgan with spirit nnd. although re-1 sPlritefl rtlllery combat at Beverly,
pulsed three times, after the first aud 'ord- on e Rappahannock, with a )
.t rm,i nmmnti, .nH ton or the t eaerais mat naa cross-
V'-.;-'. ' :. v
ed on a railroad bridge. Tfce superior i
position and metal 'Z the Federals 1
when ' tf1 aQ uOvantnge, which they
improved rt SKiiirui practice. ine
Confede'-tes had more guns, howev-
hr nl!e Johiis.,11 reformed h'.s er. li'.u Of pracuce equally ciever ni
I lines twice, but the enemy broke and '""-th Pnlned the advantage. A little
drove them each time. He then i- berore nignt tne heaera.s w.tnurew
formed the remnant of bis command lroul u,e io""'au
renewed tbe attack.
After the third repulse the Federal
forces commenced retreating.
Morgan followed, attacked Johnson's
retreating forces and drove them some I
0$ by tli Kevlrw of Rrvlewa ootnpanj.
CENKllAt. JW KS I.. RVN, r. R. A., 1.FADP1
OK A 11 VISION OP ULUNbllit'B A KMX.
the war into the north, was for Gen
enil Ivirby Mtilth to move from Kno-
vllle uortb through en stern Keutueky
atd fought the enemy dir:uuunted,
when the latter charge again, and
Johnson, seeing that te greater part
of bis command ha' scattered, surren
dered. The for' that was with him at
this time is ouly a 6ma1l band of
some Vnty-five soldiers and a few
ofilcr'ig. His loss was eighty killed and
The Confederate general and histo
rian. Razll I Mike, in his "History of
to Islington und thence to CU lnnatl Morgan's C'ovulry." says: "A great deal j
Jackson's March Around Pope.
Pending the movements of Long
street and Jackson southwest of the
Rappahannock. General Stnart had
been making an effort to go around
Pope's army with bis cavalry corm.
but. fearing to reinaiu on the Federal
side of the river in the face of such
floods as bad come, recrossed with
isonie important dispatches he had cap- J
tured by a charge upon Pope's head- '
, Ml for .c,-n.l Braxton BrtTgg to push of censure was at tbe time east upon , ' c information that the
Kentii' sTv lo Ia)UI- these men Jottnsoii m couiuianfl ana i . , ..
mt . . i . .At 1- l euerai array on ine janies unuer mi:-
F,7 ,a JT L u I Z Ck-llan and the Federal troops in the
.v . . V . u v iuc II.II l l.Tl II i i . . .1(11 iiiiik . v j LI . V J
have !!en more unjust. They attack
ed with spirit n;id without hesitation
and were uuuhle to close with us on ac
count of tholr heavy loss in men and
horses. I have seen troops much more
highly tonsted tliau these were before
their defeat behave uot nearly so well.
And of Johnson I'iUe says. "His dis
positions throughout the first fight
were good, and be exhibited flue per
sonal courage aud energy."
ville With these
M'vij or tneir artni'fi it would be a
Iiort step t ej vr nrmn the rich fields
t the PurtuVrii Ktaies. and with the
'-lafKe notnbiT of new recruits gained
en route their armies could resist any
northern troops that ou!d be brought
This hud been General Alliert Sid
ney Johuston'w plim to le worked out
after he hud achieved the victory h
contemplated at Shiloh in April, and
Rr;igg mm his successor endeavored to
carry out Johu.vtuu's original plan of
As early as Aug. 5 Brngg. who was
Kanawha valley under General J. D.
t 1 I -m t ."v i i Y- f V T 4- 'l a
the Removal Sale
has crushed down prices on the
entire piano stock of new and
One used Gilmore Piano $82
One used Hallet & Davis Piano $94
One used Knabe Piano $139
The entire Kimball Piano and
Piano Player stock on sale at
prices heavily discounted.
STORE OPEN 1WS EVENING
S. W. B0WLBY house
1611 Second Ave.
Lee In Front of Washington.
After his reverse on Aug. 9 at the
at Chattanooga, sent two brigades (Cle- j battle of Cedar Mountain "Stonewall"
burne a and Preston Smith's! to General j Jackson rested along the Rapidan riv
Kirl.y Smith at Kcoxville. Cenerul C. j er to await help from Richmond. Gen
L. Stevenson, uith U.uct) men. was or- j cral R. E. I-ee. accompanying General
tiered to watcli the Federal general, j Janies Longstreet's corps, reached Gor
G. V. Morgau. who occupied Cumlier- I donsvllle alxmt the middle of August
lund (Jap. hear the Kentucky border. I Farther on. at Culpeper Court House.
General Smith started f-om Kuoiville
on the Hth en route to Roger's Gup.
with four brigades. ;.(K strong, to
uiciiuce Morgan ou the southwest. The
brigades were coiuiuauded by General
P. R. Cleburutt und Genersl T. J.
General Henry Heth. with a force
nearly 4 .CM) strong, was ordered to
n:;ircb dire t to Barboursvllle. Ky., in
rear of Cumberland Gap. on the north.
General Smith hHd at first contemplat
ed only the cutting off of the supplies
of the Federal garrisoo at Cumberland
Gap: but. iearnlcg that they were well
provisioned and seiiig the difficulty of
supplying his own troops In the poor
and barren region of southeastern
Kentucky, he determined to march rap
Idly on to the rich blue grass country
In the retitr.il part of the state.
Federal! Concentrate Against Bragg.
General Buell gave orders coocen
triitlng his entire ctMumand at Mur
freesboro, Tenn.. under tLe impression
I nr" - T r -i - "rVfon Ti -- 1 r tr c l!
ivUUjfc V tl , 73 i- Attll M. CA
was the Federal army of General
Pope and farther still the Rappahan
nock river. A little in advance of
Longstreet's position was Clark's
mountain, rising several hundred feet
above the aurroundlng bills. From
tbe summit of the mountain Lee and
Longstreet beheld their enemy, with a
deep river behind them, occupying
ground so weak as to luvite attack.
Realizing the situation. General Lee
determined on speedy work and gave
orders that his army should cross the
Repldan on the ISth and make battle,
lie was exceedingly anxious to move
at once before I'ope could get re-enforcements.
(A fresh force. 12.000
strong, bad already Joined Pope's ar
my. These troops had been brought
to the scene secretly from North Caro
lina by General A. K. Burnslde. They
were led lu the field by General Jesse
For some reason the Confederates
were delayed and did not cross the
Rspldan until the 20th. In the mean-
j. . .- trr
that Bragg' column, twurchlng from 1 time a dispatch was captured by Pope.
CbuttuuKa. through centra! Tennes-' which gave Information of Lee's pres
see. expected to strike for Nashville. ence and contemplated advaace. Thla.
The latter movement were so well with Information Pope already had.
guarded at'd Buell bad aa yet so little caused blm to withdraw to a very
reliable information In regard to them strong position behind the Rappahan-
was issued. General George II. Thom
as auiea iuhi iuf uum eaieni mi, j
having been commenced, and gave a 1
I lan of battle lu tne movement from
Murfreesboro. Thomas meanwhile cap-
furel u t'nnfMfteml nitlltarv riltatch
which Brngg hud sent to General Earl j Orange and Alexandria railroad bridge.
an Porn, in command In Mississippi, j Feart to Attack Pope.
Longstreet and Jackson reached the
river on the mnrninif of tbe 21st wlth-
nock river, and there. Instead of at
Culpeper Court House, where the at
tack was first meant to be made. Gen
eral Lee found him. Ixngstreet ap
proached the Rappahannock at Kel
ly's ford, and Jackson approached
higher up at Beverly ford, near the
eonveylug to him In full bis plans In
regard to bis advance Into Kentucky,
:1 11.1 InfurthMl tilm that C n c-m ICIf-tiv
fml.h. reinforced wltb two divisions ! fnt rlous Pm-tB and found Pope
from his own -rmv. hud turned Cum-iln "n ",,n,st ,lnn'!S'', position,
berland GM. .ml' was manblng on heavy re-enforcements coming to
Islington. Kv i nl4 a,(1 le's Intention was to force
BueM s urui'v numbered alwut 30000 f,p,,M' nd ,he u-, k WtoT
and consuted of live divisions, tbe Pop 0001,1 co"c,",r"c- I-oDgstreet
was preparing to force a passage a(
(9 by th Patriot Publishing company.
GRNailAIi FITZHCGH I.KK, C. 8. a... LIAOEB
OF A DiMBINU KA1D.
Cox had been ordered to re-enforce
Pope on the Rappahannock. Lee was
more anxious than ever to cross at
Pope, however, was alert, and Lee
found be could not attack him to ad
vantage in bis stronghold behind the
Rappahannock. He therefore decided
to change his whole plan and was grat
ified on looking at the map to find a
very comfortuble way of turning, Poe
out of bis position. It was by moving
Jackson off far to the rear of tbe Fed
eral army while Longstreet remained
in front with 30.000 men to engage
Pope lu case he should offer to fight
Oa the 25tb Jackson crossed tbe Rap
pahannock at Ulnson's mill, four miles
above Waterloo bridge, and passed
through Thoroughfare Gap. lie was
many miles in the rear of Pope's army
snd lietween It aud Washington. This
daring move staggered the Federal
Aimniander. From the Rappahannock
Jackson had. gone without serious op
position to the region where the flmt
battle of Manassas Bull Run wus
fought, July 21. 1HC1. History was re
peating itself and Washington again
Meanwhile. Longstreet, still behind
the Rappahannock, was baiting Pope's
detachments along tbe river. Ills ob
ject was to Impress the Federal lead
er with the idea that the Confeder
ates were about to force a passage on
bis direct front Pope held ou in sev
eral ftrong positions, and Longstreet
iecided to move farther up stream and
follow Jackson's route.
dust is breathed continuously by the
women, many of whom complain of
; chronic coughs and colds. The dust
l and dirt are so thick upon the clothes
.special Correspondence of The Arprns.) high as $7 a week, but many of them Jot the girls that at ihe noon hour,
New York, Aug. 28. George W. Per
kins hafi thrown his lot with Roose
velt because he, Perkins, has children,
He says he wants to remedy all hu
man ailments, and especially care for
the women toilers.
In the mills of the usTiorne Twine
company No. 3, at Auburn, X. Y.,
which is owned by the International
Harvester company, of which Georgq
W. Perkins is a director and leading
light, an investigation on the part of
Senator Robert F. Wagner of the state
factory investigating committee dis
closes the most inhuman and brutal
treatment of women.
The investigation 8tarted about a
week ago, acd in these few days the
Inconsistency of the third terra candi
date's principal financial backer has
been fully shown.
Women are made to toll all night
long in the Perkins directed harvester
Some of these women receive as
Chard is the blent Led leaves, leaf
sticks or uud.il of certain plants, .-to
of the globe artichoke nnd white beet,
also a variety of white beet; Swiss
chard beet, leaf tieet In cooking Swiss
chard for greeus the wide white Uid
rils are rnt out aud the green le.ives
separately sitil srrittl a.-paragU!-.
for which they are an ai petizlu sub
stitute. Tlien. for n change, a dish o:
leaves and ribs together Is served ns
greens, but this always set-nia a waste
of good material when either is better
alone The tens gret-Uiiy eat sny that
may be left when til
ao that not a leaf need be wastea.
All things considered. Swiss chard i
one of the most satisfactory plants a
gardener can raise. Exchange.
OUumwa. Iowa Because his wife j
would not return and live with him.
t.!!e N cleared. James V. Wales shot her twice and
aerijtd alone.. Uu ribs .beim: cooked J or the .cows audjiiiis dispose of it jthen killed himself.
FACE k SIGHT
Began With Pimple. Spread Ai:
Over Face, la Agony Aii the Time.
Itched and Smarted. Used Cuticu
raSoap and Ointment. Was Cured.
Mohcr!y, Mo. "My trouble began witr
a Hill pimple on the loft aide or my face
and it Fread aTl over tr.y face and to my
r.rct. It would bo scarlet
rod whra I got warn. My
fare waa a sisl-.t. It looked
very ur.pk-asa&t. and it felt
tincomfortcl.Ic. My faco
m scmcti ilr.g awful; it jurt
l:Tt rue in apony all t!:c
time. Fono aaji it wti
to'.ttr. und aoire said it wa
tJat avrf-.U eczrea.. but I
rather think it vas Itur. I hi4 born
tn.ubl.xi iih it for shout two yrara ar.d
tried many remedies i.ut pot ro relief una
I used Cuticura Sx.p au.il CuOcura Oinu
"When I would wa.h ir.y faro with the
Cuticura tez-p and apiy ihc t uu.mra fji.it
mcct it wold c.-h.: my skin and drtv groat
big drops cf uiitter out of i'ue skin. You
would tl.t-.k I vis 8Tro.Ui-.3; !t wjuid run
.oa-a r.:y fa-e just as f-o.ifh I htd wasfced
it. It - and cir.-rwd ard I surTrred is
the day tj.-se cm 1ixn ;:;e beat f-nrr. V.s
fioc I uvxl !ha C'uic-.-a :-.oi.p a.-d C.'uti
cura Uii.t:::-r.t for a inoath ani I saa cured
of I;. I v CI tui evtryrma I know ri o hi.
any trou.;o of ti:e clz." (sijnt-e; ilrs. J
i-rjci-.t.-. Aj,r. J .-. l'jJ2
C u:i.-ura Jap uiiJCuiicura Olatmer.t arc
t-!d Ihrouijiiout the world. A alcgio act ij
.ft9i nndtst. L:lral aaraU of cr.i
-iJtJ (.tc. vtiiix ? Eiia Book. A.lircss
K-a-rirti "Cifcura. JJc,. T. Bostaa."
-Tt t t, r ; u ..
&oaA ch.r gi-fc. ma u ii 1 1 -
only $o. They are given 15 minutes
for their lunch.
And they work in dust laden rooms
from 12 to 14 hours a day.
Aug. 17 Uoosevclt said:
"Mr. Perkins is a rich man. He
icamo into my movement on his own
initiative. I have known hin; for 14
years and when he joined me I asked
him. Why are you supporting me?
"lie said the primary reason was be
cause be bad children. He had all the
money he wanted, he eaid, and had
come to the conclusion that this coun
try won't be a good place to live in
when his children become the age we
are unless business and government
are brought Into proper relations, un
less the relations of capital and the
wngo. earner are placed on a better
In his speech delivered on the same
day at Revere Beach, Mass., Roose
"I wish an eight hour day for wo
men of industry, I wish safety appli
ances and I wish to secure healthful
conditions for the wageworkers."
George V. Perkins In his confes
rion of frtith Aug. 21 and this date is
important said :
Monev is not all in this life. The
which in many cases consists of but
a few minutes, aud at the close of
the day's or night's labor, the girls
have to sweep each other clean with
The custom of working the women
all night, it was learned, was perma
nent. Married women were selected,
and for their labors, which started at
rundown and lasted until 6:30 o'clock
in the morning, thoy received nevei
more than 1 a week. In many fam
ilies the husband was employed at an
average wage of about $8 during the
One woman testified that she could
not work during the day, because of
her children. When asked when she
arranged to sleep, she explained that
she stole a few hours' rest in the
morning while her neighbors cared for
the floor weighing about 130 pounds.
Has no time to sit down and gets ten
minutes for lunch. Complains ot suf
fering in her feet, head and hands.
When she cuts her lingers she is
quickly taken curt, of in the factory
and sent back to work. Explained
that if she and t'c.e other girls arrived
later than 7 in the morning they are
not allowed to work until noontime.
As they are paid by the piece this Is
equivalent to docking i:ieir wage. Thu
knives used by the girls for cutting
twine must bo bought by them, and if
one is stolen they lrim.t buy another.
Martha Mink. Is an inspector and
receives $1.3") a day. Is 18 years of
ap.f and a Polo. Says that when an.
employe, is nick she is paid half her
regular t urnings.
Hcte di Paaquale. Aged 39. Sup
ports a family on an nvenige wage of
$0.40. Says all the girls are encour
aged to work overtime and at highest
Lizzie Simiall. Forty-two years of
age. Supports a family of four and a
William M. Orelg, superintendent of j husband on an average wage of $7.
the harvester trust's twine mills, was
closely questioned by Mr. Klkus. Mr.
Greig informed hirn that the mills em
ployed about 400 women, o whom
200 worked all night. He was asked
who was responsible for the existing
"All our regulations as to shifts and
general conditions come from the
mere accumulation of wealth will not i home office at Chicago," ho replied,
bring an honorable heritage to my: "Who decides how long every em
only son. Is there not something t rloye is to work? ' asked Mr. Elkus.
more than the incentivo to make; "That is decided by one man, Mr.
money which I can leave him?" j IUce.
Four days before these statements "And under whose instructions does
were made by Roosevelt and Perkins j he- act?"
the New York state factory Jnvestigat-! "He gets his orders from the board
ing committee visited the Internation- of directors in Chicago."
al Harvester company's plant and j "How often do you report to the
there examined working girls and mar-1 home office?"
ried women and their testimony is a i "Every day."
long recital of tears and misery and "And do you report everything that ;
enforced slavery, insanitary conditions j happens?" asked Mr. Elkus. i
and starvation wages. "Practically everything," was the it-;
The pathetic story of the girls and j ply. '
women, as officially reported, shows! Here in effect are the reports of the
the monumental double dealing and ! personal statements of a few of the
heartlessness of Perkins, the financial ! girls aB to the conditions under which
backer of the third term party. I they worked: j
Read what Senator Wagner says: j Katio Nelson, an Austrian, 17 years
"The appearance of the women !;ld. Works from 7 at night until!
workers In this plant was very dis-1 6:;.0 in tbe morning. Her sister works I
heartening. They were worn and pale! during the day. Must stand on herj
fnd their clothes, facr-s and hands -feet all day. Is paid by the fiieee and i
were covered with oil and hemp cloth, j teceives on the average $7 a week. i
Many of these women, so called, are! Mary Provl. Nineteen y-ars o'd I
rnly children in age. and they have: and has b.n working in the mill f;rl
to lug huge piles of hemp, weighing three years. Her hours are from 6:30
l."0 pounds ach, across the floor, the a m. until G p. m. Receives 15 mi
load in sonic cafes bein? bigger than! hub at nocn in which to walk hoi
the women tbemselvfs. (a five minute w&lki take her lunch
"In the spinning room, where wo-,; and come tack. Her feet and throat
rcn are employed alone, to the exclu-j hot ht r her continuously and she is
sion of mm, who would have to re-j frequently sick. She complain:? th'.t
ceive higher wages, the clatter of ma-1 the floor is danperoufily s'ipp-ry
cbincrj is bo frightful that a voice be-1 whore she woiVs and'the dust thick,
lc w a F'nriek cannot be heard. The When she cornea home efce must do
rooms are dark, though for no nces-; hr-ufework for her mother an;! frthcr.
tary cause, and no attempt la made to' Josephine Cristenolli Hirtecn years
rniovp the duFt. which is kert in con-iclc" and born in Italy. Wor;:s fro-
ftant rr.ot!on by the line shaftings. d-j rr.nrirc until 6 p. m. for about $7 a
tpite the requirement of the law. Thia week. Must puth loads of twine across
When asked about the way she lived
she declared : "Wo get enough to eat
Form times. Hut wo go to work hun
gry just as often."
NORTHERN STEAMBOAT CO.
SPECIAL SIX DAY
ON THE LARGE FINE SIDEWHEEL
From Davenport, Iowa to St. Paul,
Minn., and return, including the aide
trip up Lje St. Croix to Stillwater.
SATURDAY, AUGUST 31
SAT. SEPTEMBER 7
AT 3 P. W.
; y tea B
Write for reservations at once to
W. H. LAiVlONT SI?,L