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THE ROCK ISLAND ARGUS. MONDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1912.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Corinth, Miss., Becomes the Center of a Terrific En
counter Confederates, Led by General Earl Van
Dora, Spring a Sudden Attack The Federals, Un
der General Rosecrans, Driven From Their Front
Lines of Defense Van Dorn's Soldiers Charge Upon
Fortified Batteries In Solid Ranks Terrible Slaugh
ter at the Breastworks In the Streets of the
Town Many Acts of Heroism.
iEfrd "Ohio" lay about forty rods In ad
vance of the . Missouri regiment A
ciond of sharpshooters preceded the
Confederate column and took the Ohio
ana for their principal target. So
deadly was thia Ore that when the
charging column, beaded by Colonel
Ropers, reached the little fort the Ohio
regiment had entirely disappeared.
One of the Ohio soldiers made the
r Ciptiln CEO. i. KILMIR. Late thl'V.
AT Corinth, Miss., Oct 3 and 4.
f 13(12. General Earl Van Dorn
attempted to wrest the great
prize of the Mississippi valley
from the grasp of Ceneral L'. S. Grant.
The fall of Corirrtb into the hands of
the Confederates would mean that
Grant's victories at Fort Henry. Donel-
sti and Shliob esrlv tn the vnr bed
been in vuln Corir.th iit the time was
the advance post of the Federals in the
Grant was nt "Iarksnn. Tenn.. and
maintained n fnn-e of I2.r) at Doli
rur. with another at Memiibis under
General W. T. Sherman, cumbering
T.H) The gHrrison at Corinth mus-
V ? , -if
l'c" ',' Ov.-'.f:..,.:
SPURS OTHERS ON
Chicago, Not. 4. The death of Wil
liam Rugh, th crippled Gary news-
most desDerate 11 sir eanture of the by wh died that girl unknown
-day. In the last charge a gallant Tex- to him might 1,T' ha t an example
an marched In front of the column that is being followed by others.
Miss Ethel Smith, for whom he
made the unparalleled sacrifice, was
again placed upon the operating ta
ble In the Gary general hospital yes
terday and 50 inches of skin were
grafted onto her burned legs.
In the Michael Reese hospital in
Chicago a man and a woman have
volunteered to give part of their
skins to Mrs. John A. Benson, victim
of a gasoline stove explosion July 16,
1911, whose life, according to Dr.
Immanuel Friend, can be saved only
by skin grafting.
An appeal Is being made for 12
or 13 more volunteers, and the opera
tion win be performed, possibly, on
stra'cht for the fort. He was shot.
j and Private Orin B. Gould of Com
I pany G sprang forward to seize th
i flag. A Confederate captain called out
i to his followers. ''Save your colors T
i Gould was hit tn the breast with a re-
Tolver shot, but brought away the tro
I I pny.
' Retreat and Pursuit,
recaptured a reu-utai aUn.lard that j Tbe works tb
had Jwt ho loat. ,
In falling hack from an old redan captured by a
which had leefi nd at the befdnningi . . , . . ... v. . .
0 , , . ., v. A ,. , ' brigade of Price s Mlssourians. but be-
of the B'ht the 1 ifty-seco:id Illinois; ... ... . . ... .w
,..., i t ui j 'ore he p could come tip to hold it the
left Private Murray alone behind the! ., ' , '
, , f..,t . xK'ilants had been routed. By noon
m U ('III I. l t - " A.IV BVll
to tbe last!" be exclaimed, A Confed
erate cnptaln demand! Murray's sur
render and when It whs refused shot
Dim with a revolver. Murray Knot the
captain dead and also a private who
One Hcrar Mere of Daylight.
Both army leaders sighed for "one
hour more of daylight" when night
put an end to tbe battle on Oct. 3. Ia
the Confederates were In full retreat
Van Dorn drew his army south into
Xftaatift:) t'.nt an1 it twilr flit fnrthnr nflrf
In the campaign around Corinth or the I ' ""7""-' ,"ul uve square in-
iuca liom rcn.ii ytnsou is ail mat 18
GENERAL EAItL VAN DORN. C. S, A., LEA DICK OF TI1E ATTACS.
lered -J3.inio and was commanded by
Jieiienil W. S. Kosecrans. Van I'orn.
tin v iiiK unit1! lilt own iirny with th:it
of Slerlinc Price after the repuls of
Price at lnka Sept. "i. had over 40.kio
troops hi the tieid. and lie ho'il'.y cou
sidcred strlkiug Mempbis. Itollvar or
Grrnt wnt in iVmht where Viin Horn
would Hppcnr A lurye t'onfw'en'.tH
army wn across the border in Ken
tucky, and efry l-'e1-ral soldier that
could be spared from the defense of
the Memphis and Corinth reuiou was
needed to defend the line on the Ohio
Grant and his generals must therefore
tltfht It out with Vau Iorn alone.
Both Van Iorn and Price were ve
hement not to say rash, leaders in bat
tle. They planned to surpr se Kose
crsns at Corinth with one column and.
enjruKins: bim iu bis works, bring up a
fresh column to clinch the victory.
But Hosecrans was lold as well.
When be beard that the eneiSy was
after Corinth he marched his troops
out to give battle In front of the works
Confederate! Bush the Attack.
Having made a long march, the Con
federates were worn out and not In
condition for battle. Besides, they
hndn't formed lines when they found
the enemy across their path. Itose
trans' center division, under General
T. A. Iavles. was first attacked by
three Confederate divisions.
Van Horn's Hue waa so long that
It overlapjed Pa vies, whose troops
fonght heroically, but had to give
ground step by step. Every one of
bis brigade commanders fell early In
the ft:ht. General P. A. Hackleman
wss mortally wounded while rallying
the trpa General R- J. Oglesby of
Illinois was shot down st the same
time. Pome soldiers stooped to carry
Ogles by from the field, but he cried
out "Never mind me; look yonder!"
Tbe Confederates had broken the line
and were rushing on to Corinth. Colo
nel S P Baldwin, leader of the Tblrd
brigade, also fell
Countless deeds of heroism were en
acted on Pavlee' line, for It was In a
forlorn hope to keep the head of the
Cot. federate column at arm's kngtb
ORtJl Uosecrans could draw his line
back to the works. Lieutenant Max
well of Ilarkleman's brigade rushed
forward Into the enemy's ranks and
spite of the heroic fihtin? in the ce:
ler of I'osecraiis' line Van Dorn li.;:t
carried his army to wi'l ln ijki yards
of Corinth, but in fiulitin his wny up
Van Dorn had merely driven a wedse
betwecti the Federal right and left.
Bosecrans' ri','ht division, undpr Geu
er:il ('. K. Hamilton, was ready when
the sun wcut down to fall upon the
Confederate rear After dark Rose
cruns drew r.l! his tr ops back inside
the line of forTiliratlins and stood
ready for the battle which Vau Dorn
sprang at daylight Oct. 4
Af'er a short duel of artillery the
Confeil'r.i'e gunners ceased Bring
The divl-i'.,,!! which had the most im
portant part in heading the charge did
not move, but about S o'clock the charg
ing Kite marched out from the cover
of the w ids in splendid style. Rose
crstis' triyy-s. lyintr down in front of
the batteries, could see the southern
flags and the glint of the sun upon
the advancing bayonets.
The flrt Federal line attacked was
nnfortuuately placed, and the troops
gave way. Bushing pel'mell. the Con
federates were caught by the fire of
Rosecrnus' batteries The force of the
charge was broken by the shells, but
some of the boldest Confcdeiates dash
ed on Into tbe Federal reserve artil
lery. At Battery Eolinett.
The bloodiest fighting of the day was
at Battery Robinett. a little work bold
ing three guns, with a ditch in front
five feet deep. This battery was n
saulted again and again until tbe dead
Confederates lay f iled in ranks befcre
It When the bead of tbe column at
last reacbed tbe ditch Colonel V. P.
Rogers, leading the Second Texas, dis
monnted and. taking bis flag from the
hands of a dead color bearer, the fifth
to fall in the desperate charge, planted
it upon the bank and stood by rallying
bis men until be was pierced by eleven
Colonel Boeers fell In front of the
Eleventh Missouri infantry. That reg-
1 Innt lav or Ln.lt rnfliAr nnt nf .ht
of the enemy in tbe rear of the bat
tery. Tbe moment the force of the
southern cbarge was broken the Mls
sourians arose with wild cheers and
But tbe dead In front or Battery
Robinett were not all Confederates. At
the beginning of the fight the Sixty-
game which General Bragg waa play
ing In the invasion of Kentucky.
Tbe Confederate retreat southward,
from Corinth battlefield led across the
Big Hatchie river. In that vicinity
they encountered two divisions of
fresh troops which General Grant bad
retained at Bolivar and Jackson,
Tenn.. in order to meet an attack at
either point should Van Dorn succeed
In taking Corinth or avoid it altogether
and dash for Tennessee. On the 5th
the Federals attempted to dispute the
retreat at the river, but with feeble
This was a critical time for the de
feated troops. But a retreating column
has some advantage of its pursuers,
especially when the pursued are oa
home soil and the pursuers groping in
the dark. The Confederates knew
where they must go and moved with
greater rapidity than the Federals. The
road led through wild and wooded
country well adapted to laying an am
bush. The pursuit continued with vigor un
til it was halted by General Grant, la
spite of protests from Rosecrans. who
proposed to push on and capture Vicks
burg before Van Dorn's urmy could re
cover from Its reverse at Corinth.
After the Battle.
In a general order announcing the
results of tbe battle to bis command.
General Rosecrans said: "We killed
and burled 1.423 officers and men of
the enemy. Including eotue of their
most distinguished officers. Their
Wounded at the usual rate would ex
ceed r..(KiO We took 2.2".S prisoners,
among whom were 137 field officers,
captains and subalterns. We cap
tured 3.300 stands of small arms, m
stands of colors. 2 pieces of artillery
and a large quantity of equipments
We pursued Lis retreating column for
ty miles with all arms, and with cav
r.lrv sixtv miles. Our loss was
killed. 1 .SI I wounded. :'21 captured ot
i missing" The oCicli-.l Confederate re
ports make their loss r.O." killed. 2.1"i0
i wounded. 2.1 's:'. discing.
In dosing his report General Van
j Dorn said?
"A band to hand contest was lielne
enacted in the very yard of General
' Kosocr.ir.s' headquarters and in the
' streets of the town The heavy guns
'' were silenced, and all seemed to he
iibout ended when a heavy dre from
I fresh troops who had succeeded In
! reaching Corinth, poured into our thin '
ned ranks Exhausted from loss of
s'eep. wearied from hnnl mar-lilng
: and fighting, companies and regiments
m.- . --: t - .. -. jr
Charles Smith, father of the girl to
whom Rugh gave his useless leg; Ray
mond, her brother, 21 years old, and
Roy Roberts, her sweetheart, are the
three who underwent the operation
in Gary yesterday.
The skin taken from the newsboys
leg, 150 inches, proved insufficient.
There were spots which had not. been
covered, ind it was necessary to have
The three men cheerfully submitted,
but the girl, thinking with horror of i
the death of Rugh, begged them not
to do it
Dr. J. A. Craig, who had charge of
the operation, assured the frightened
girl that her loved ones were in no j
danger, and that the grafting was ab
solutly necessary to save her life.
Eighteen inches were taken from
the father's thigh, 12 from the broth
er's and 20 from Roberts'.
Chief of Police Joseph D. Martin,
who had offered a portion of his skin
if needed, had not been informed that
the operation would take place yes
terday, and went duck, hunting in the
marshes near Gary.
As a consequence the three men
were asked to give up more of their
skins than was at first asked, but
Roberts begged that he be given the
chance to supply more than the other
"I feel in a way responsible for
this," he said. "Sha was riding with
me on my motorcycle when the acci
dent happened which burned her so
Dr. Craig asserts that the girl's
burns will be healed In 10 days, and
that she will be able to walk around
within a month.
Mrs. Signa Benson, wife of John A.
Benson. 4529 Ellis avenue, has been
in the Michael Rcesa hospital ever
Eir.ee the accident, and during the last
few months she has been improving
enough to be able to stand a skin
She was burned from the hips down,
but during the time she has been in
bed all but about CO .square inches
In order to save the woman's life it
is necessary that thia 60 square inch
es be covered with other skin, hence
the ca'.l for volunteers.
"A man and a woman offered their
pkins before noon Sunday," said Dr.
Immanuel Friend yesterday.
"Each will contribute four or five
square mcces. we wni need 10 or
12 more voluntary, however."
"God bless Billy Rugh," said John
A. Benson, husband of the 6ick wom
en. "I feel that his example will have
influence with his fellow men, and
that we shall have enough vo'.unteers.
If not well, I'll give htr all the skin
9 by ReTlaw of Reviews company.
UBBALFLIASIKTA. HACKLEMAN. O. S. A..
KILLED AT COU.NTH.
without officers, our troopslet no one
censure them gave way. The day
The attempt at Corinth has failed,
and In consequence I am condemned
and bave been superseded in my com
maod. In my zeal for my country I
may have ventured too far without
adequate means, and I bow to tbe opin
ion of tbe people whom I serve Vet
I feel that If tbe spirits of the gallant
dead, who now lie beneath tbe bat
teries of Corinth, see and Jidge tbe mo
tivea of men. they do not rebuke me.
for there Is no sting In my conscience,
nor does retrospection admonish me of
error or of a reckless disregard of their
valned lives "
Cbarses against General Van Dorn of
neclect of duty and of cruel and Im
proper treatment of his officers and sol
diers were Investigated by a military
court of Inquiry which unanimously
voied them disproved.
LARGEST WINDOW IN
TRI-CITIES IS PUT IN
The putting in or the largest plate
glass window ia the tri-cities, in the
new garage of Trevor & Snider, at
2020 Third avenue, attracted a .great
deal of attention this morning. The
monster piece of pate glass Is 125,-j
14 inches, and had to be handled
by about 10 men in a very delicate
It Started Conflicting Emotions at
Work In Her Mothtr.
Mrs. DeGroff drew a deep sigh when
her daughter toid her that she had be
come engaged to Mr. Bobles.
"I suppose it's foolish of me to feel
so bad about It," she said, wiping her
eyes, tut I can't help It. I know it's a
woman's destiny to be married, dear,
and I bave always hoped that you
would marry and be happy. But a
mother can never lose a daughter
without feeling deeply on the subject
Phe can never help regarding it as an
awful loss a tragedy. She cannot
give up her little girl, evetrto the best
man that ever lived, without the deep
"But. mother, dear, I shall come and
ee yon often. And you mustn't cry aa
If it were going to happen right away.
You will have time to get used to It"
"Will I? ilow soon are you to be
married V ,
"Xot for nearly a year. Bob thinks
"?ot for ji .-ear? What on etrtn
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315 Brady St., Davenport.
; Mm i
CHICAGO POLICE BELIEVE CONFE SSION OF BEATRICE CONWAY
CLEARS MYSTERY SURROUNDING THE MURDER OF SOPHIE SINGER
JiJ-- . r . " k." -i f.--
K?JwN. MnnD&v wrnwrrs 5r I
irSK9 AnBUJM.y T -V I
' i W'v'01lAMM OMD ARKIVTO
, c?o MotiBAY riHT v Lima.
T AM v fitCH
. ARRIVED "Wxa. V TPJSAYi
tu ROCHESTER. V8m--
xrrx 5 pm
ophi O. ttlngtr, Beatrice Byall Conway (top right). Charles N. Conway and map ihowlng rout Conway took lot-
lowing the murder.
Chicago, Nov. 4. Chicago police be
lieve the mystery surrounding the
murder of Sophie G. Singer, Baltimore
husband, Charles N. Conway, to come
to Chicago. They took a suite of
three -rooms for light housekeeping,
neiress, In this city Monday night or-the Con ways occupying one bedroom
last week has been completely clear- and M!s Singer and her fiancee, Wil
ed up by the confession of Beatrice :iam n."Worthen, the other. All were; last Thursday.
Ryall Conway. I cut of money or nearly so. j Conway is a circus clown and high-
According to Mrs. Conway, thej The Singer girl, Mrs. Conway says, 'diver. Ills wife Is a vaudeville jtr
Singer woman invited her and her) was murdered for her money. Con-jUst. Doth are in jail in Chicago.
way got $46, according to her stor
After the murder they went to Ham
nioird, Ind., in a street, car and thJn
from place to place until they reached
Lima, ()., where they were arrested
does he mean y putting it off that
long) I don't believe he intends to
marry you at all. the smirking young
snip! If he did he'd insist on having
the wedding right away. And I shall
tell him so. You bring him to time,
Clara. Tou tell bim that be'll either
marry you next month or never. Huh!
I'll show tin!"
station and charged her with
disorderly conduct. She was ar-
The case has been continued until
Wednesday, to permit of the securing
1 1 1 n r-v tifir-r- n n r-OTr" n ' '
rlHd CA'fWlrtl nflntd I CU rested Saturday night, at a rooming!cf witnesses and the woman ia held
After being estranged from her nus-touge whJch fne ccndacta at Tw6nty- J under $400 bonds.
tnd for over a year. Mrs. Viola Hart-nrst 8treet and Fifth avenue, while
man has aroused the suspicions of her Kmil Decker, star boarder, is being tt new an the Ume The
husbcLd, who appeared at the police j held as a material witness. 1 Argus.
jj . Clean healthy intestines jj j
Follow their use. l ,
The Wsy These Necessary Articles
Are Put Together. i
In most umbrella factories the task !
of turning out ribs and stems is left 1
to other factories making a specialty
of those parts. Tbee are sent to the i
mancfactitrr, and the man whnse
work it Is to assemble the parts inserts
t.blt of wire into the small hils at
the end of the ribs, draws them to
gether about the main rod and adJUKts
In cutting tha cloth or silk seventy
five thlckcessea or thereabouts are ar
ranged upon a table at which skilled
operators work. In one department
there are girls who operate hemming
machines. A thousand yards of hem
med goods is but a day's work for one
of these girls. Tbe machines' doing
this job attain a speed of some 3.00
revolutions a minute. After the hem
ming has been done the cloth or silk U
cut Into triangular pieces with a knife,
as before, but with a pattern laid upon
the cloth. The next operation is the
sewing of the triangular plects togeth
er by machinery.
The covers and frames are now
ready, to be, b'ht iojether. In all
tnej-ft ore twenty-one places wnere me
cover Is to be attached to the frame.
The hsndio is next glued on, and tbe
umbrella is rendy for prexsing and In-BDeelioa.
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Successor to v
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Room 410 Best Building
Telephone West 2024
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