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THE ROCK ISL.AXD ARGUS. TITURSDAT, NOVEMBER 14, 1912.
The War Fifty Years Ago
Army Reorganization In Virginia Both the Federal
and Confederate Forces Are Transformed Into Com
pact Fighting Machines New Corps Created and
New Commanders Are Appointed General James
Longstreet and General T. J. Jack n Mads Lieutenant
Generals In the Confederate Ar y General Franz
Sigel Gets a Corps of German Soldiers Lincoln's
Plans of Campaign Morgan, the Rfider.
Br Cip'iln CEO. L. KILMER. Lata U. . V.
y VrTT years a" the third week
; in 0Mer. the Federal ami
H Confederate nrnilrs opposed to
each other In Virginia v-ere
srartlrally reorganize!. The Confed
erate force under General Knhert K.
l.ee lind nlreridy become known n tl:
Army of Northern Virginia. The Fed
oral Army of the? Putomae had lorne
About tbln time also General D. N.
Couch was appointed enromnnder of
the Second corps to succeed General E.
V. Sumner, who had been disabled by I
severe wounds received at Antietam in
the name attack that cost the life of
General Mansfield. Sumner was one
of tbe heroic figures of the Army of
the Potomac. Ills whole life had been
spent in the army fighting Indians, and
i the commander on the field". General
Couch, that be did not expect to have
command of the army much longer.
"Lincoln la down on me," be &aWL This
remark be justified to Couch by read
ing a letter be bad received that day,
My Dear Sir Tou remember mjr apeak
Ins to j-ou of what I called your over
cautlouanero. Are you not overcautious
when you assume, that you cannot do
what the enemy ia constantly doing?
Should you not claim to be at least aa
equal In prowess and act upon the claim?
Change positions with the enemy, think
you not he would break your communica
tion with Richmond within the next twenty-four
hours? You dread hia going Into
Pennsylvania, but if he does so in full
form ba elves up his communication to
you absolutely, and you have nothing to
do but to follow and ruin him.
Exclusive of the water line, you are
now nearer Richmond than the enemy la
by the route that you can and he must
take. And in conclusion it is all easy if
our troops match aa well aa the enemy,
and it ia unmanly to aay they cannot
This letter is In no sense an order.
A JACK OF ALL TRADES.
this name mIih-c its formation in the i Lis headlong projiensltles In the field
fall of In point of f;iet. what
took place In both ramps In October.
jlSi".? was a permanent organization as
fighting tna -i.lr.es.
The opposing armies as they exls'ed
In the Maryland cnmpttlgn had been a
growth. The Army of the 1'otomac
jwent from Wnphltigton to the Yo;k
ttown peniii- :Vt In April, isrr2, with
less t:a-.: !s.i?r the fcrte w lilr h l.a 1
or!ci:iully Ni-m MsMpue'l t It. Only
throo -"-: t'ie Second. Third and
bad earned for him the nickname,
"Old Bull." His rigorous lendershlp
had also earned for the Second corps
the nlcknnme of "Old Guard of the
Army of the Potomac."
Generals Under a Cloud.
Shortly before the battle of Antietam
two noted corps commanders of the
army of the Potomac were cited lefore
a court of inquiry to answer charges
relating to the recond battle of Bull
? ' '":.
by thr Patriot Publishing comMan;-.
V. SI.OCF.M. I . S A . AM) CiKNKRAL J K. V. M.
S. A, COUPS COM M A.NDKK. KILLU1 AT ANTIETAM.
M !4. n c' r.
;Trt ii t'.ie rp
Tou -'l-.. rr;'
ttn:;t;.t lie '. '
aronnil Y""'. '. ;i.
VI:":i l!:e :; -i.iy started frotn th
York river t riarch npjn Iticlnriond
the reserve ('ivislon and throe others
detachel fr- : i t'i." esistin? coris were
combined t ffirni Hie Fifth and Sixth
corps. Tl;e uitnv fn!tc':t thro1:?:!! tlie
potilnsnla !!':: i-;n diviuel into five
! Kew Corps Ia the Federal Amy.
Iwrinor tlie lmttles nronnd Manassas
!n Au'ist fome of the tr ps of the
Army of the Potomac took part, but
the army ns an army did not take t lie
field after Its withdrawal from the
James river until it crossed the Pc
mac Into MrryV-ml eirly In S p'emlier.
It hml T'ie:i be'ti strenirthened by the
.Ninth corps, ceirp sil.rif trocps wl.'cli
'tad made n ((riillar.t campaipi In
ider the leadership of
Generrl .V ".. IVrnslde e;.r'y !n the
year, rn ". ".H'.Kion 1 ouV.t frotn West
VIrcirila to the field around Manassas
An'iJher new orrnnlration which
crcssrd the Potomac Into Maryland
was ti'c rir-t ec-ps. made tip largely of
troops which had nrlclnally iM'ions'ed
to the Art-iy or the Potomac an ! lMHn
?etac!e1 on the eve of the movement
(to tre penlnsiila.
After the army reached Maryland tbe
Twelfth c-rp was organized out of two
dlvlslors whl h had fotipbt In t'-e Ms
nssis cnnifir.iun. a pert f the t -i:!w.
rary S -oiil rorjis. b- aded bv ';."ieml
N. P. Brnlcs. These dlvUivtix numbered
about f.MH men. Th" veteran Gen
err! J K. F. Mansfield ns::n:ed com
nianr. of this new corp fire days lie
fore the buttle of Antietam. At An
tietam and In the preliminary affairs
at the cap tbrotirh South mountain the
army v.ailcr McClellan inciidHl the
First. Second. Fifth. PIxth. Ninth and
Twelfth corps nud one division of the
orls-inr.l Fourth corps, led by General
D. N. Couch. This division was tem
porarily aftacd to the Sixth corj.
Tlie Third corps, orltfnally a part of
the Army of the Potomac, bad remain
ed In the fortlficatkma at Washington,
while the main army was fichtlnjt in
Maryland. It was reasslpned to the
army In O.-tolier. as was also the F.ler
enth corps, a new and unique orpanlwi
tlon formetl on the aame day ps the
Twelfth corps, namely Kept. 1" It
elsi belpl the parrlson in Washing
ton while the Confederates were in
Maryland. The Eleventh was com
posed (f German replmerts. and in
cluded many soldiers who had seen ser
vice In Furoie. Its first commander
was General Frant Pipe!, himself a
trslned Prussian officer who had won
fame In the battles of the west, no
tNliy at Tea ridpe. in March. It2.
TVVh the Eleventh and Third corrs
moved out from Alexandria in the di
rection of the next battlefield aboit
the miJd'.e of October.
On the 0th of October the Twelfth
corjis received a new commander in the
prison of General II. W. Slocnm as
brid U e:
le at AnMetam on STt- IT. Slocum
bsd rrevlo'j!!y commatided a division
Ic the K'xth corns.
! Run. The marked mea were General
; f"i?7-.lohn Porter of the Fifth corps and
i General V. P.. Franklin of the Sixth
; corps. The inquiry was suspended
peudi.i ihe battle of Antietam.
It was said at the same time that
General McCiellan. commander of tlie
army, was also under a cloud. At least
he was himself seusitive on tbe subject
wliile reorcanizlni; for an advance into
Virginia a iinst the .army of I-e. Im
mediately alter I.iiu-oln returned to
Washington from his visit to McClel
luu's camp the first week iu O'-tolier.
McClelian received s telegram from the
war department Mating. "Th? presi
dent directs that you crr--s the Potomac
and five battle to the enemy or drive
MrClellan's immediate reply was that
the army was not fit to advance at the
time. Many of the soldiers were prac
tically barefoot, others lackfd under
clothes at). I overcoats suitable for a
csuipaiiTii In th it my season. It was
held by McClellati that these necessary
Longstreet and Jackson Promoted.
Previous to the Confederate Invasion
of Maryland to September. 152, the
army commanded by General Robert
E. Lee bad been far short of the Ideal
army In point of permanent organiza
tion. In this respect it was more a
chance creation than its antagonist,
the Federal army of the Potomac.
Oriplnally. that is to any. in the spring
of 1SC2. there had been a small forca
at Richmond and another at Yorktown,
on York river. These commands were
later aufrumented by troops which bad
encamped around Manassas, In north
central Virginia, all winter, and the
combined forces defended Yorktown in
'April and May.
The highest Confederate units at
Yorktov.-u aud after throushout the
peninsula campaign were division:.
Major General .Tames Longstreet led
one. At the same time Major General
T. J. ('Stonewall") Jackson operated
with a force in the Shenandoah valley,
which was designated an army. Lnter
Jackson -united his forces with the
army defending Richmond and ltecame
subordinate to its commanding general.
R. E. Lee. In the Manassas campaign
against General Pope in August and in
Maryland maneuvers a month later
General I.ee handled his army in two
wings, one led by Longstreet and the
other by Jackson. Brigades and divi
sions were shifted from one wing to
the other when the army was in the
Early In Octotier both I-ongstreet
and Jackson were promoted from ma-
j Jor general to lieutenant general. In
! order to provide permanent commands
suitable to their new rank Ixp divided
his array into two permanent corps,
placing Lontreet at the head of the
First and Jackson of the Second. In
October these conimunds numbered
each ."U.ooo men. They lay In the
Shenandoah valley nwaitin? the hos
tile movements of the Federal host en
camped north of the Potomac. Includ
ing artillery and Stuart's cnvalry corps
the total of troops present In Lee's
camps nt the time was 72.00.
Other Events of the 'Week.
On Oct. HI a Federal brignde under
General Godfrey Weitzel. supported by
five gunboats, seized Donalsonville.
La., as a base for operations in west
ern Louisiana. The Confederate gen
eral Richard Taylor was in that region
gathering an army to recapture New
Orleans. General B. F. Butler, the
Federal commander at New Orleans,
had sent Weitzel up the Mississippi to
dislodge Tavlor at all hazards.
During the movements of General
Bragg's Confederate army around Per- j
ryvllle early in Octolier the southern i
cavalry corps, led by General .1. II.
Monotony Will Never Kilt England!
The British postmaster general la
what Londoners call a universal pro
vider, a regular department store of
He will insure yoar life, give yoa a
little bank to board your pennies In.
take care of your savings, sell you an
annnlty, a postal order or a foreign
draft, lnrest your spare capital In a;
nice little government bond and pay a !
weeklv nension to rour aired mothor i
He carries letters and other mall
matter, transmits telegrams, cable
grama and wireless messages, main
tains an enormous staff of messenger
boys and conducts an express company
business for every sort of parcel, from
a halfpenny packet up to shipments of
eggs, dressed poultry and fresh fish.
lie collects all the worn copper
coins for the British treasury. He
has factories for making his supplies
and an electric central station of his
own In London for lighting hia offices.
sending the current through his ca-:
ble ducts. He will sell you a license j
for a dog. a carriage, a motorcar or a
family coat of arms, or he will put In I
your telephone and take care of your
At a dinner the other night tbe post
master general confessed that be some
times doubted whether be had any hu
man personality at all. When he
thought of bis own functions, he said,
he was appalled by them. In his offl
clnl capacity he U responsible for more
property than anybody else in tbe Unit
ed Kingdom, employs far more people
than any individual or corporation,
prosecutes more malefactors every day
then the public prosecutor and sends
out every week more apologies foi
himself and explanations of his ac
tions than nil the rest of the British
population combined. Telephone Review.
A Traveling Agricultural Display
A 75-foot ratlroad car specially designed and decorated to exhibit product of the
Great and Fertile Northwest Prepared and sent out by the Northern Pacific Railway to
SHOW YOU what is being raised by prosperous farmers and fruit growers in the rich
Btates of Minnesota, Wisconsin, North. Dakota, Montana, Montana, Idaho, Washington and
- am --t'r -- ai ii) ... . s.. v . -. w-x. . - '
Tha Favorite Battle Charger of Stone-
Among tbe many battle steeds ridden
during the war letween the states by
the celebrated Confederate Corps Com
mander Stonewall Jackson or Lee's
army hia favorite was a charger affec
tionately named Little Sorrel by the
Second corps of the Army of Virginia.
He was about fifteen hands and. as
General Longstreet said to the writer,
strongly resembled, except in color.
President Zachary Taylor's Old Whltey
of the Mexican war. Jackson rode him
at Rull Run. Winchester. Cedar Moun
tain. Manassas. Antietam. Harpers
Ferry, Fredericksburg and on many
other battlefields. He moun'ed Little
Sorrel for the last time at Chancellors
ville May 2. 1S03. and In the battle was
mortally wounded by bis own men and
died a week later.
General Bradley T. Johnson of Mary
land in a letter to the present writer
remarks: "Jackson was an ungainly
horseman, and when he rode by the
troops Little Sorrel wouid strike oCf on
a run. The general would pull off his
cap and ride bareheaded at full speed
past miles of shouting Confederates.
The sayiiig was when you heard that
yell liefore or behind you on the march.
There goes old Jack oa a rabbit.'
When tbe soldiers started a rabbit
they'd scare hiui to death with yell
ing.: Little Sorrel died at the Soldiers
home near Richmond at the age of
thirty -six years and is now to be seen,
like Sheridan's Winchester, carefully
preserved In a glass case after being
prepared by a skillful taxidermisr at
Lexington. Va James Grant Wilson
In S. P. C. A. Bulletin.
rg ii - ' -
In this car yot will see what you could do if you were located along tlie Scenic Hlgn
way In the Land of Fortune.
You could farm by intensive methods on Irrigated land, or you could "dry farm" oa
non-Irrigated land You could raise fruit, vegetables, pcultry and dairy products, making
money and enjoying life as thousands of people are doing out In this marvelous country,
This Exhibit Car, which you are cordially invited to Inspect, will be at
C, B. & Q. Depot
Rock Island. 111.
Friday, Nov. 15, Saturday, Nov. 16.
Come and See It Admission Free
Tell Your Friends
If you cannot visit the car, write to us and tell us wfiat
state or section you are interested in. We will gladly send free
illustrated booklets to your home address.
Northern Pacific Railway
The Scenic Highway,
I nroujjn in.
BRICKER, General Immigration Agent, St Paul, Minn.
CLELAND, General Passenger Agent, St. Paul, Minn.
Sterling, 111. Rev. Mathew Berus
reuther, who was arrested in a Rock
Island den two weeks ago. confessed
to President Durow of Worthburg sy
nod and was ordered before the trial
board in Chicago next week.
New York The first national-convention
of the United States customs in
spectors, with delegates present from
Chicago and other cities, closed a
three-day session. William E. Russell
or New York was elected president,
and Adolplk Freifeld of Chicago treas
urer. Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. Whi:e run
ning down Lake Superior the steamer
L. L. Barth, Hines Lumbpr company.
lest his deck load of 100,000 feet, of
lumber in a gale. The steamer Nipi
gon entered this port while leaking.
The Rosedale of the Inland Navigation
company line, was released from
Lighthouse point and accompanied by
two tugs is proceeding to the Soo.
Washington President Taft ap
pointed the following delegates to the
American Mining congress at Spo
kane, Nov. 25: H. Foster Bain, San
Francisco; Philip N. Moore, St Louis;
II. L. Holiis, Chicago; D. W. Brunton,
Denver; Erskine Ramsay, Birming
ham; James W. Malcolmson, Kansas
City; C. W. Goodale, Great Falls.
Mont; E. II. Benjamin, Oakland. Cal.;
J. A. Holmes, director of the bureau
of mines, Washington; Stanley J. Eas
ton, Kellogg, Idaho.
Jannus on Hia Way.
Waverly. Mo.. Nov. 14. Ton? Jan
nus, who is attempting to fly from
Omaha to New Orleans in a hydro
aeroplane, continued his flight, follow
ing the Missouri river, today, starting
from here at 8:30. He flew from Kan
sas City to Waverly last evening, 125
miles, In 97 minutes.
Chinese Students Reach America.
San Francisco, Nov. 14. Nine Chi
nese students sent to thiB country by
means of the Boxer indemnity fund,
at rived on the Pacific liner Nile after .
nearly 30 hours' delay in quarantine
on account of smallpox on the ship.
Find Death Mystery In Cave.
Minneapolis, Nov. 14. With head j
crushed, the body of a man was found
yesterday In an abandoned cave on
the river bank by a railway employe.
Papers indicate the man was W. Teur.
There was $8 in a pocket of the clothing.
f S Pectoral
Away back In 1841. Old enough to re
member those days? Still used for
coughs and colds. Sold for 70 years.
Ask Your Doctor.
uv-... .Vzjb ....siu
i if . .. . . - . ,.V -y .
, by ." Review of Reviews company.
LIEUTENANT GENERAL JAMES LONGSTREET. C. S. A. AND LIEU
TENANT GENERAL T. J. JACKSON. C. S A.. LEAl)K?S OF NEWLY
CREATED ARMY CORPS UNDER ROBERT E. LEE.
supplies should be scot to car.ip while
the troops were within u few hours by
rail of the storehouses in Washington
and not held back until the army was
In contact with the foe.
In the war department telegram the
president advised McCiellan to march
his army by a route which would
place it lietween the Confederate army
and Washington. The government
was still fearful that Iee would at
tack the capital. If the general would
ao maneuver as to cover Washington
the war department would send him
80,010 more men for the campaign.
On the other band. If McCiellan
should Insist upon bis own route of
inarch only 12.kx or l.".vo men would
be sent b:m. McClellau's plan was to
march after I.ee over the route he
was traveling and thus keep the Army
of the Potomac ltween the Confeder
ates and Pennsylvania, as well aa
On the l.'.th of October McCiellan
wa rimseir acrui the Potomac at
I vi i tie oui;sis. ne uaa oroerea a divi
sion of the Second corps to feel tbe
j enemy's position in that vicinity. Dur.
1 lng a lull in tbe firing be confided t
r to General Mansfield, who IIarers Ferry taking part in an
:i killed In the deTate fllit- j of the outposts. He bad ordered i
Morgan, was sconting in eastern Ken
tucky. After the battle at I'erryville
Morgan was ordered to rejoin the main
army, when everything was concen
trated at HarTodsburg as If for a bat
tle. When the army of Rrag. leaving
Harrodsbnrg without battle, tiegan Its
retreat to Tennessee. Morgan, assisted
by Colonel Henry Asbby with a small
brigade of cavalry, was employed In
covering its rear.
This rear guard was engatred very
arduously and almost constantly in
contact with Puell's advance regiments
until the 17th. At that date Morgan
received permission to retrace his
march, capture Lexington, which was.
of course. In the bands of the Federals,
and then move southward, directly
across Buell's rear, doing the latter all
possible damage. Marching rapidly for
twenty-four hours he reached Lexing
ton at dawn of tbe following uiomirg
and Immediately attacked the Fourth
Ohio cavalry, which was encamped at
Aahland once tbe residence of Henry
Clay about two n4les from the city.
Tbe Ob loans were defeated after a
short combat and nearly M made
prisoners. The loss In kllied and wound
e4 on either aide was slight.
The house at i IT I'.eU Lion square.
W. C London, whs once occupied by
William Morris. Burne-Jones and Dacte
Gabriel Rossetti. George Meredith lu
the days of his eitreruest penury Join
ed with those other three young men
in their bachelor establishment. Tho
Ptnte of bis IhJoIs. we are told by one
of the biographer, at length aroused
the solicitude of his fellow tenants,
who one night stealthily replaced
them by a new pair. But Meredith i
was ro much piqued by what was i
m"ant in nil kindness that he withdrew
from the fellowship the nest day.
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Auto Kills Camival Mansger.
Houston. Texas, ??v. 14. Charles
A. Abrams of New York, manager of
carnival attractions, was killed yes
terday. His automobile turned over.
Girl Writes 116 Wore: a a Minute.
New York, Nov. 14. Miss Florence ,
E. Wilson eclipsed the typewriting j
record yesterday by writing
words a minute for an hour,
record was 112 words a minute.
Margaret D. Owen also wrote
vcrds a minute at the national
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buai-ilre DOW ana lne position ot tee tur- j toan., june o. ;
i rets, funnels and basket masts were Mail orders filled, charges "vrepaid, ;
determined. The Pennsylvania will by Ciroux Mfg. Co, Buffalo, N Y.
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